tv Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov... CSPAN September 9, 2016 10:46pm-11:37pm EDT
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>> great american future. potential unlimited. coverage of the presidential and vice presidential debates on c-span, the c-span renewal app and c-span.org. monday, september 26, the first debate. live from coster university. live from coster university. ofstra university. sunday, october 9, washington university in st. louis post the second presidential debate. final debate between hillary clinton and donald trump taking place at the university of nevada las vegas on october 19. live coverage of the debates on c-span, c-span radio app, and sees bundaberg -- c-span.org.
>> after a 12 hour meeting into in geneva, and as a cease-fire agreement for syria at a news conference with the cease-fire is set to go into effect at sundown on monday, september 12. this is one hour. >> thank you all for tremendous patience during the course of a has required which a lot of detail work and we appreciate everybody's patience. today, the united states and russia are announcing a plan which we hope will reduce easence, you suffering --
suffering and resume movement towards a negotiated peace and a political transition in syria. as itieve that the plan is set forth, if implemented, if followed, have the ability to provide a turning point. the suffering that we have witnessed in syria over the course of more than five years now is beyond inhumane. people have all seen the pictures. tortured.ldren, gas. on aorld has been shocked constant basis by what we have witnessed. administration, the united states, is going the extra mile because we believe
that russia and my colleague have the capability to press the assad regime to stop this conflict and to come to the table and make peace. working together, russia and the united states and our teams have a more what we think is prescriptive and far-reaching approach than we have been able to put together to date. if,i want to emphasize the if the plan's implementation in good faith, if the stakeholders do the things that are available to them in her being called on to do, this can be a moment multilateral efforts at the diplomatic table, the negotiations could take hold and
provide the people of syria with a transition. minister and i have had frequent conversations and meetings most recently in moscow and here geneva. each time we have worked together to try to build a consensus on the broad steps and then develop specific ideas on how those steps could be implemented. as we have both stated several times, we did not publicly spell out these measures earlier because the details of how they would be carried out were andial to be finalized because each had an impact on the other hand we know that especially in syria plans do not implement themselves. today, we are announcing an
arrangement that we think has butcapability of sticking is defended -- dependent on people's choices. it has the ability to stick providing the regime and the opposition both meet their obligations. we expect other supporting countries will strongly encourage them to do. obviously, the russians have an ability to be able to encourage assad and we have the ability with other countries to encourage the opposition. what specifically have to agree to? we agreed on the steps through which the regime will come to a place where it will not fly combat missions anywhere where the opposition is present in an area we have agreed on with very real specificity.
once this arrangement is full effect, the regime would no longer be able to do in the future without -- what it has done in the past which is go out there and hit moderate opposition. and mask attacks against the legitimate opposition claiming it is going after nisra. this step is essential. it is a bedrock of this agreement. by all accounts, the assad era airhave been -- era tax -- attac have been the main driver ofks the hostilities -- of the hostilities in halting all the regime's military activities in key areas that are defined. managed in a
different way also. that should put an end to the indiscriminate bombing of civilian neighborhoods and has the potential to change the nature of the conflict. whether it does or not depends on compliance. second, the united states and russia have agreed on steps which we will take providing ofre is a sustained period reduced violence and after that sustained time, we have agreed that we will then work together providing both access and produced violence -- reduced violence. we would then work together to develop military strikes against nisra. i want to be clear about one thing on this as i have seen reporting that somehow suggests otherwise.
going after nisra is not a confession to anybody. -- concession to anybody. it is in the interest of the united states to target al qaeda into target their affiliate syria. an organization opposed to a peaceful transition. an organization that is the enemy of the legitimate opposition. organization that is plotting attacks beyond the syria's borders, including against the united states. we must go after these terrorists. not indiscriminately, but in a strategic, precise and judicious manner. so that they cannot continue to use the regime's instrument bombing in order to rally people to their hateful crimes. it is our belief that nisra and
isil have grown stronger because of the bombing. that is our belief. saidrd, in moscow we also before we could move forward with the steps that we have identified, we would need seven days of adherence to the cessation of hostilities in order to convince the people of syria and the opposition that the actions of the regime will be consistent with the words that we put on paper. i've talked to previously about the words on paper not meaning anything unless the actions follow them up. of course, the opposition will also be expected to adhere to the cessation of hostilities. that is why today the united states and russia together are calling on all sides to recommit to a nationwide cessation of hostilities and to honor its previous terms.
this will be effective at sundown on september 12. that was the beginning of the holiday. we can think of nothing more appropriate than for all the parties to come together and make it a more meaningful holiday to the people of syria. this requires halting all attacks, including aerial bombardment. any attempts to gain additional territory at the expense of the parties to the cessation requires unimpeded commander access to all of the besieged and hard-to-reach areas, including aleppo. , we know thatre aleppo continues to be the cityged and bombarded taken on by the regime and its allies. if aleppo is in peace, we
believe that the prospects for a diplomatic solution will brighten. if it continues to be torn apart, the prospects of syria and its people are grim. that is why this arrangement also requires forces from both sides to pull back from the road . we have agreed on that pulled back. costello road is a major artery into aleppo. what this will to his create a demilitarized zone around it. permitting as quickly as possible the resumption of communitarian and civilian traffic along that road. aat will be achieved over period of time by monitoring. meanwhile, in the gap area in southwest aleppo, both pro government and opposition groups will be required to provide safe
humanitarian, commercial and civilian access. under the opposition or the government will be permitted to attack or to take territory held by the other. obstruct thedd, to delivery of humanitarian goods. finally,eginning -- beginning september 12, we will then commence preparatory work for a joint implementation center. these preparations will include initial discussions that some sharing of information necessary for the delineation of territories controlled by the groups in the area active hostilities. the more comprehensive process of delineation will be conducted by experts once the joint oncecation group center,
it is established. aftert is established semicontinuous days of adherence -- seven continuous days of adherence, the u.s. and russian experts will work together to nisra.aesh and i want to emphasize that these measures can only be implement it effectively if all of the parties live up to their obligations. if groups within the legitimate opposition want to retain their legitimacy, they need to distance themselves in every way possible from this rough -- ni sra and daesh. we expect that russia will make sure the syrian government adheres to its requirements. this based onding
trust. it is based on a way of providing oversight and compliance through mutual interests and other things. we are determined to explore everything will have an impossible for progress. holds, thenngement we will see a significant reduction in violence across syria. we will seek to maintain -- humanitarian aid relief efforts. reducedperiod of violence, then we will see the in other states taking corrugated steps to isolate and defeat the terrorist groups that have added immeasurably to serious suffering and misery. we will facilitate a political transition which is the only way to bring about a durable and to this work.
i want to emphasize that the crisis in syria is enormously complex. relatively simple at the same time. it is complex for reasons that we all understand. the number of stakeholders with different agendas. the ones that haven't inflicted by years of fighting. the ideological divides. the urban and suburban were zones. the brutality of extremists. and the honorable actions of some outside powers. let me be clear, out of all of complexity,ty -- there is a simple choice between war and peace. andeen human agony humanitarian relief. between the disintegration of an aged society and the rebirth of a modern nation.
the specialank envoy to week will hear from later in many governments from the middle east and elsewhere who have been supportive. the religious and advocacy groups that have been working for years to aid victims and halt the fighting. on behalf of our president and country, we call toevery stakeholder support our plan to need the hard work of bringing the catastrophic conflict the nd through the political process. goal is to find the day when this round the clock diplomacy is not necessary. i would you think he and his
team. they had been patient as we work through a very long day to make sure everything was done well. him for hisl to average in trying -- effort in trying to help provide for this opportunity. it is an opportunity until becomes a reality. thank you. serei. >> good evening, ladies and gentlemen. i understand how you can feel at this time of night. john has said we are grateful. grateful to each other for our nations. we hope that this was not in vain.
we have a huge piece of for that began on direct instruction from our president in february. ongoing without impediment. it hasn't taken on by experts and ministers. been taken on by experts and ministers. a year ago, our proposal to met a coolcoronation response from our american critics who are engaged in a deconstruction that is allowing to avoid incidents. president andthe the conversation called for an initiative to make additional efforts to ensure sustainable
cessation of hostilities. on this basis, a number of meetings took place. today.lminated this justified -- is a spine by many actors of difficulty. -- justified and explained by many actors of difficulty on the ground. the stakeholders involved. -- a lot of stakeholders involved. this is not help us as was the lack of trust between the russians and americans. and the syrian matter particularly. say that the trust remains and the russian people would like our arrangement to be
, it is an arrogant announcement of sanctions on the verge of the meeting of our in anotherin china announcement of additional things met. we are not offended. we are sticking our position. we believe the settlement of this crisis is not a topic on which one can speculate. we believe that this is the primary responsibility of cochairingers were the syrian support group. it is our responsibility and obligation with their international partners to do to reach the
necessary conditions to settle this conflict. despite all the problems that have arisen, despite the attempts to undermine today's arrangement, we have managed to .evelop a package of documents today's document is not the only one. there are five documents in total. organize and expand the humanitarian access to toppo and allows the ability enhance the secession of facilities -- hostilities. it creates the conditions which has been stalling. the main thing about these arrangements would be that the first step -- the rate
confirmation -- reconfirmation will do everything for the parties to take the necessary steps and reconfirmed their covenant -- commitment. the permanent cessation we are pushing for. is optional for seven days, we will create a joint -- if it is adhered to for seven days, we will create a joint group and we will be engaged in installing particle matters of separation of -- practical matters of separation from the terrorists and moderate opposition.
be strikes against terrorists. the air force is a russia and u.s.. we have agreed on the areas where such corrugated strikes will take place. those areas are neutral agreements and are -- mutual agreements shared by the syrian government as well. only the air forces of u.s. and russia will be functional. syria will be personal outside of areas singled out for russian-american oteri cooperation. i would like to highlight that the task of separating terrorists and moderate in physical separation of them on the ground is enshrined in the document which we have agreed upon today as a key priority.
another topic is humanitarian assistance in the document we should have agreed upon today, we have a shrine to the mechanism -- enshrined the mechanism of humanitarian delivery. -- aid delivery. is cooperation with the u.n. and the red crescent. we have the procedures of response on the cessation of hostilities. they day if the 12 of september. that moment, number of steps will be taken and antiterrorist context and the humanitarian assistance contest -- context and enhancement of
cessation of hostilities. john has mentioned that the supported thing is how it is implemented. had the agreements are fulfilled. -- how the agreements are fulfilled. we and the united states take the obligation to do our best to engage and make the stakeholders comply with the arrangements. the syrian government has been informed by these arrangements it is ready to fulfill them. initiative.the we will do everything. it's understandable that not everything depends on us. , the real views of the opponents of the regime from some good that call
themselves supreme committees, there have been ultimatums, the refusal to cooperate as well as threats for humanitarian convoys you have received from the opposition -- who have received from the opposition. the humanitarian convoy was ready to defend when we last -- we met.the last time the opposition said any convoy going along the coast on the castillo road would be shot at. costello road would be shot at. many groups need to be influenced. this process have had a lot of situations -- has had a lot of
situations where someone could slip away from the commitments and look for reasons why it was impossible to fulfill the obligations. today, we had developed a significant and concrete package of documents. these are the reasons mentioned by john. we cannot make it public because they contain rather sensitive information and we do not want this information to come to the hands of those who would try to undermine the implementation of with regard to humanitarian access and other parts of the arrangement. those documents are already entering enforce position. oficially the 12th september. i'm very glad that john had an important thing he said. is aimed to fight nisra
and those who believe the fight are wrong. that is important. people suppose the united states are not desirable to fight with nisra.they are just keeping them john is welcome by me. worlds not the end of the . it is just the beginning of our new relation and new hope that all of those who deal with value willntegrity of the -- support the arrangement. we expect to have close cooperation with our friends on because we are
convinced that since the beginning of implementation of these arrangements, there will be favorable conditions as it has been said to resume the negotiations on the political settlement. thank you. >> thank you, very much. underscoringur that russia has artie talked to present a solid -- already talked to president assasd. we're going to hear a word, he will not take questions. we do want, as you have heard tonight, the u.n. is a critical partner in all of this. we are grateful for their many efforts with respect to syria. i would like to introduce the
u.n. special envoy. >> thank you very much. it has been a long day. good results. i will read a statement which is representing the position of the u.n. with the mission rather than talking off-the-cuff. the u.n. welcomes the understanding of today by the russian prime minister and secretary of state john kerry. this understanding regards the cessation of hostilities in syria so that the departed can return to talks, resume military acts andumanitarian the cessation of hostilities against the we welcome the fact
that the russian federation and the united states of america are prepared to work together to defeat daesh. the united nation's hopes and believes that the political will that led to this understanding is sustained. it creates a window of which all relevant actors in the region and beyond should face to put the crisis on a different path and reduce the violence. let me be clear, europe and asking me and i'm ready to say that the united nations stands ready to deliver and to do what every -- whatever it can. partiespected that all will facilitate u.n. efforts to
deliver humanitarian assistance to the population in need areas.ng hard-to-reach to exertwill continue all effort to that end. changeital that the real is felt by the ground of the syrian people. lastly, the u.n. hopes that implementation of this understanding will facilitate renewed efforts to reach a sentiment political of the conflict as called for in the geneva communique. personally proceed to consult with the general ban ki-moon.
this will be on the 21st of september with a few to advancing the objective and discussing the date for the renewal of the next round of talks. let me say thank you to both of you for allowing us to reach out to work. thank you. >> we have flights that have been delayed. we're going to take one question. we apologize. >> from cnn. thank you. about implementation as being the most important thing about the agreement, the entire iss g along with the syrians and opposition agree to a cease-fire in february and was endorsed by the un security council. how is this different? how can you make sure the
respective allies are ready to respect the terms of any agreement? secretary kerry, we have to ask you about north korea, for seven years in administration has attempted the same policy of increasing sanctions and strategic patience with north korea, this security council and russia past the most biting sanctions ever and for three has only increased its weapons program, white is not -- why is it not time to try the harder embargo or new negotiations? as part the implementation of the arrangement, no one can give 100% guarantees. there are a lot of stakeholders involved.
i connected to a whole number of them. the fact that we have managed to joint the iss bg by the efforts, other countries influencing our represented included the saudi arabian and iran. this is a great achievement. that -- theg capabilities of this group must manner.in a responsible an emotional discussion should be avoided. everything should be prepared in advance. the documents we have approved informwe will have to
the issg and the un security council on the nature if we want to receive these organizations. there is no other way to -- except organizing the exclusive dialogue. this inclusiveness must be extended to enter syrian talks talkser -- inter-syrian and the circle that needs to be closely involved in assisting the talks. korea, an official statement has been made by russia. expressing our nonacceptance of the actions that violate the resolutions of the council and we consider this actions as neglect of international law. them tot allow
undermine the nonproliferation regime which threatens the peace and security. righther hand, you are that the current situation shows diplomats doormats -- should be more creative than just resorting to sanctions and sanctions. i'm convinced that by condemning the dangerous exploits of the korean government, we must refrain from steps that could lead to further escalation. and put the region on the verge opposition.
the similar situation with iran there have been created approaches used by all the participants. here in norththat the opportunity to have accretive understanding of the of -- an and develop creative understanding of the situation and development of a manner. we should look for ways to resume the talks. thank you. >> the question was asked, what is different about the situation relative to the previous announced cease-fire. we work are hard to make sure that you were not just repeating the same thing. that does not mean it is going to automatically succeed. we are created an entirely
different pressure this time. -- structure at this time. what happened in the past was that, first of all, the assad regime continue to fly and bomb indiscriminately. everybody knows the record of the bombs and hospitals and schools. what happened was because of that continued bombing, those others who had signed up to the cease-fire felt compelled to fight to save their countrymen. number two, there was always a sra versuswith ni illegitimate operation group -- opposition group. legitimate opposition group. the assad regime said they were
going after them but at the same time they would be attacking those who had signed up for the cessation of hostilities. that confusion lent itself to a complete fraying of the cease-fire structure. thing, you have a combination, the flights, bombs and confusion with viscera -- n isra. we have told you, if it is implemented, the initial seven days of a genuine reduction in violence and seriousness of purpose, when that is happened, with attractive women taking group is set up as a consequence of the increased mentoring access and reduction in violence, then we will be working together to beat delineating and separating nisra
and working together using our knowledge and technology and assets to be able to do a more ofpoint/strategic set operations to deal with nisra and/or isil. the warning me get to opposition groups who have up until now found it convenient to work within this is that it would not be wise to do this. it is why two separate oneself. that's will be different. there is a deterrence and that. there is also a deterrence that russia holding us accountable to his problems. this is a new equation. we believe this new equation offers an opportunity, not a
certainty, an opportunity for people to be able to find a peaceful solution because we do not believe there is a military solution. the current trend is integrating more terrorists, more extremists and destroy the country in the process. earlier, president obama has gone the extra mile. way tor to try to find a end the carnage on the ground in syria. obviously, i think it is a courageous decision. it is the right decision. putin has madet a decision to commit the resources to make sure the assad regime lives up to its obligations and to work with us. hopefully this can turn some things around. that is what we are working towards. with respect to north korea, we
have made overtures after to the dictator of north korea. we have medically to him that we are prepared to talk about peace, peace on the peninsula, about food assistance, normal relationships with the world, a nonaggression pact. a host of different ingredients hehe will simply acknowledge is prepared to come to the table and talk about demilitarization and his responsibilities to the world. he has refused to do that again and again. yes indeed, last round of sanctions was the most biting senses is today. as you recall, it took a number of years and a fair number of rushing up the sanctions to bring iran to the table. ultimately, iran came to the
table and negotiated because of realized it was the response will thing to do. our hope is that we can get back to the talks. we are prepared to go back. is say is to do prepared to talk about demilitarization. unfortunately, he takes the opposite path, three commits to this program and against all u.n. security council resolutions, continues to shoot missiles and continues to threaten and be provocative in the region. this is why every country in the region, every neighbor of his in the region and outside the region are opposed to what he is doing. he stands alone and he invites greater isolation. >> a question from a russian journalist.
a question for mr. kerry. damascus concern, the difficult issues, the washington be able to fulfill its commitments to influence the opposition and return it to the negotiation table? >> thank you for your question. we have had discussions with the opposition. the opposition has indicated providing thered regime is serious and there are days of reduced violence to meet the standards that we have established. if that happens and they are given access for humanitarian goods as we have been discussing here today, then i know, who has had conversations with them is prepared to issue an invitation at the appropriate time for them to be able to return.
i've had personal conversations with the foreign ministers of each of the stakeholder countries. they have all indicated a readiness and willingness to go back to the table and encourage the opposition to go back to the table. i spoke with him by videoconference from washington just the other day. he was in london. i talked to my fellow foreign ministers who had gathered there. that this idea of the cease-fire would be extremely helpful, very welcome and they are committed to urge all of the interested parties to be back at the table for the first really serious negotiation existed.s conflict has >> i would like to add a couple of words. the beginning of negotiations as matter possible is not a
that russia and the united states can solve. demand thaty the -- the negotiations must be inclusive with participation of all the sides in syria including the groups that were formed in the meetings in moscow, cairo and other places. thethe mandate from security council is quite clear. must amend this mandate by providing the inclusiveness of the talks which .e hope will resume their attempts by separate countries to engage in represent orand show one of those groups as the only opposition