tv U.S. House of Representatives Legislative Business CSPAN November 16, 2016 12:00pm-2:01pm EST
>> and we will leave this "washington journal" segment at this point. you can see the rest of it in the c-span library. legislative work about to get under way in the house. bills prohibiting u.s. financial institutions from participating in aircraft sales to iran. live coverage of the house here on c-span. the speaker: the house will be in order. the prayer will be offered by our chaplain, father conroy. chaplain conroy: let us pray. thank you, o god, for giving us another day. bless the members of the people's house with focus and purpose as they gather these days before thanksgiving. may their efforts give true cause for americans to gather to give thanks. in our world, there are many places where peace is lacking and cause for thanksgiving rare. send your spirit of peace upon
our world. help us all see in those we view as enemies our brothers and sisters. may all that is done this day be for your greater honor an glory, amen. the speaker: the chair has examined the journal the last day's proceedings and i nounses to the house his approval thereof. pursuant to clause 1 of rule 1, the journal stands approve the pledge of allegiance will be led by the gentleman from rhode island, mr. cicilline. mr. cicilline: i pledge allegiance to the flag of the united states of america and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. the speaker: the chair will entertain up to 15 requests for one-minute speeches on each side of the aisle. for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? the gentleman is recognized. >> at noon today, back in my
district in pennsylvania, there is a funeral service for scot ba smbings han, a police officer who died last week, his partner s critically injured and the perpetrator committed suicide. the shooter's background is familiar, prior criminal convictions, mental health issue, not taking medications. how many more lives will be lost before we act? this broken federal and state approach will not fix itself, it must be overhauled with the leadership of a new office of assistant sec retear of mental health and substance abuse. mr. murphy: current changes to hipaa laws that prevent paraphernalias from helping. token or superficial changes won't work. continuing to fund the current mess won't work. if anyone thinks it does, i suggest you get on the phone and explain this to the widow and tell her everything is just
fine. or we can pass the bill passed in the senate. lives are at stake. time is running short. for officer basham's family, time has run out. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? the gentleman is recognized for ne minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise to honor the legacy of stanford lipsy. mr. lipsy, a pulitzer prize winning journalist, will be remembered by his contributions to journalism. he appointed the first woman editor of "the buffalo news" in its history. he was a tireless advocate for buffalo's -- to securing funding for our prestigious cancer center. mr. higgins: he donated over two million books to low-income
children and invested in projects like retree western new york which helped reforest after a surprise october snowstorm. mr. lipsy vision for buffalo was one of hope. he recognized the city's potential and he helped the people of the city to realize their own potential. although he was a native of omaha, nebraska, he loved his adopted city of buffalo, new york. as we continue to work towards a better buffalo, i hope to honor his dedication to our city. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from minnesota seek recognition? >> i seek unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to congratulate and thank the many banks and credit unions in minnesota's sixth district who were named top minnesota lender by the u.s. small business administration. mr. emmer: these include bank vista, minnesota business
finance corporation, kline bank and the central minnesota credit union. promoting small business is vastly important to our state's success. our great state of minnesota would not be where it is today without the contributions of these banks and credit unions. today's small business is tomorrow's big business. great minnesota companies like medtronic and best buy exist and they become the powerhouse companies they are today because of the valuable support of local lenders. our community banks and credit unions ensure that business owners and entrepreneurs have the funds necessary to build a business from an idea, creating new jobs and opportunities for minnesotans from all walks of life. we must never underestimate the importance of our community banks and credit unions, and i'm proud to stand here today to recognize their work. again, congratulations and thank you for being an important part of our community and our state. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from rhode island seek recognition?
mr. cicilline: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. cicilline: mr. speaker, i led 168 of my colleagues by sending a letter to president-elect donald trump asking he rescind his decision to appoint steve bannon as white house strategist. this undermines the president-elect's pledge to bring our country together. as executive chairman of breitbart news, mr. bannon repeatedly and aggressively pushed stories that promote anti-semitism, zen phobia and he bragged that breitbart was, quote, the platform for the alt-right, a movement that upholds white nationalism while strongly rejecting diversity. he referred to a leading a ren can columnist as renegade jew. he praised the alt-right as a
smarter version of old school racist skinheads. i hope the president-elect and republican members of congress will join news a good faith effort in rejecting mr. bannon's appointment and the ugly divisive message it sends to so many across our country. with that i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentlelady from florida seek recognition? ms. ros-lehtine i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for one minute. ms. ros-lehtinen: thank you, mr. speaker. despite some moddist recisions with oklahomaa's designation with the fark, a terrorist organization, this is a sweetheart deal for these narco guerrillas. farc members will be allowed to run for public office and i worry that while in office farc officials will undermine the progress made in colombia. we have already seen a significant increase in drug traffickin from colombia since negotiations with the farc
began, andhere should be no doubt that the farc, one of the larst narco terrorist groups in the world, is responsible for this increase. what kind of increase in drug trafficking should we expect if these narco terrorists are given even more power and more influence in colombia's government? mr. spaker, the colombian people rejected the prior farc agreement, and i believe that their concerns must be dressed before any revised agreement is finalized. president santos will be here in washington to meet with members of congress tomorrow, and i hope he addresses our concerns. thank you for the time, mr. speaker. i yield bck. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady's time has expired. for what purposdoes the gentleman from oregon seek recognition? the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. blumenauer: thank you, mr. speaker. i join my colleague, congressman cicilline, and 158 others in urging president-elect trump to
dismiss the notion of steve bannon as being stationed outside the oval office. i've been deeply disturbedy e increase in hate speech and intimidation directed at people based on color, religion, gender and sexual orientation as well as outbreaks of violence. oregon's largest school district just sent a many home with the children dealing with families because of the problems there and the need to unite to prevent further activity. one thing we can all agree on is that the protection of all our citizens, especially our children, is not a partisan issue. violence and destructing public property accomplishes nothing. i hope we can agree to send a oud, direct, forceful urging limiting hate speech and we can start by rejecting steve bannon. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house
for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today in recognition of pastor bill rickette who has faithfully served the lord for 43 years of prince avenue baptist church, a treasure in the 10th district of georgia. he's been in ministry since 19 years of age and has lived in accordance with the word of god and service to others. mr. hice: under his leadership, the church has literally flourished and become a cornerstone of the christian faith in the athens, georgia, community but far beyond athens. today, literally hundreds of pastors and missionaries have emerged from his 43 years as pastor at prince avenue. it truly is an inspiring story and he's leaving a legacy that deserves the highest recognition. so mr. speaker, i today congratulate pastor bill rickettes on his retirement as senior pastor at prince avenue baptist church. i'm extremely grateful to have such a devoted man of god in
our community and am sincerely grateful for his friendship and his service. i give my best to pastor bill and his wife, darla, and his family as they begin this new chapter. may the spirit of god continue to bless the rickette family and the congregation at prince avenue baptist church. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentlelady from connecticut seek recognition? ms. esty: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for one minute. ms. esty: thank you, mr. speaker. today i rise in recognition of national apresent ishship week. in conversations with employers in my district in companies like ward leonard and thomaston , i hear about how our businesses struggle to find employees with the right skills. apresentishship programs give workers the -- and prenticeship programs give workers the hands on training to close that
skills gap. our community colleges are helping workers to get the schedules they need to land high-paying in-dnd de-manned jobs. but there is more we can do to help workers and small business owners. that's why i introduced the tech careers act. this bill will open the door for more americans to have successful careers in 21st century fields and help small businesses access a qualified pool of tal epted and skilled -- talented and skilled workers. if we close the skills gap and raise folks up into the middle class, everyone benefits. thank you and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady yields back. for what purpose does the gentlelady from california seek recognition? >> request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for one minute. mrs. walters: mr. speaker, i rise today to recognize and congratulate mayor john nielson for his service as the chairman of the orange county sanitation district board of directors. under john's leadership, the
county expanded its groundwater replenishment system and ocsd made structural changes that allows it to focus on regional waste water collection, treatment and recycling. john was also instrumental in advocating for legislation at the state level to allow water agencies to bottle their pottable reused water. california's five-year drought has highlighted our need to diversify our water portfolio to ensure water security and john's attention to this issue demonstrates his commitment to the residents of orange county. i thank john for his hard work and leadership and congratulate him on his success. i wish him all the best as he continues to serve our community. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady yields back. for what purpose does the gentlelady from texas seek recognition? ms. jackson lee: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized for one minute. ms. jackson lee: thank you very much. mr. speaker, i hold this little book with dearness, affection
and great respect. i'm so proud to be an american who has a country that is based upon this constitution and of course the bill of rights. that is why i rise today to raise the question of the ugliness of racism in the aftermath of the presidential ection as offered by the individuals who prevailed. and it is true that we now have in the white house an individual that is not befitting of the diversity of this nation. my city, houston, where there are 98-plus council general officers and languages spoken in our schools. just two days after donald trump's election, reports are coming in from across the nation suggesting a sharp rise in anti-muslim, anti-immigrant attacks. remember, we are a nation of laws and a nation of immigrant. we know that in the breitbart
world that mr. bannon has had headlines, birth control makes women unattractive, hoisted high and proud the confederate flag, proclaims the glorious heritage, the -- after the massacre, time for gays to come home to the republican party. birth control makes people crazy. let me simply say it is time to do a major speech to reject this kind of hatred, this kind of rejection of the american people, why is there such silence and why is mr. bannon still in the white house? the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentleman seek recognition? the gentleman is recognized for one minute. . >> mr. speaker, who says sitchers -- pitchers can't hit? i rise to recognize travis wood of the world champion chicago cubs who became the first relief pitcher since 1924 to hit a home run in the postseason.
born and raise in -- raised in little rock, he went to bryant high school where he exceled in baseball and football hsm eled his high schoolle to a championship and was arkansas gatorade player of the year in 2004 and 2005. choosing to go straight to professional baseball, he was drafted 609 overall by the cincinnati reds. beginning his career with the cubs in 2012, he soon became a key part of their bullpen and was named to his first all-star selection in 2013. during during the cubs' championship 016 season, travis posted a 4-0 record with a 2.95 e.r.a. in 77 appearances. congratulations on a great season and i look forward to your continued success. let's not wait another 100 years. thank you and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from arkansas seek recognition?
>> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one inute. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker , in 2012, the arkansas department of agriculture began the arkansas century farm program. it honors those arkansas farm family who was owned and farmed the same land for at least 100 years. since 012, 297 arkansas farms and falllies have been inducted into the century farm program. on tuesday, november 1, an additional 44 families were recognized by the program, including 14 families representing 10 counties in arkansas' fourth congressional district. mr. speaker, there is something special to be said for those families that continue to dedicate their time and treasure to the land that has provided for their families over many generations.
mr. westerman: they wisely manage our natural resources, to end livestock entrusted to their care and pass down a special way of life to future generations. our farm families know if they take care of the band, it -- of the land, it will take care of them. i know the families recognized by the arkansas century farm program recognize this best. i congratulate these families on the induction around wish them another productive century. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? >> i request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. i rise to recognize the staff of skills of central pennsylvania following the -- on the recognition of their psychiatric rehabilitation program being named prm of the year by the pennsylvania organization of
psychiatric service providers. mr. tompspn: it provides recovery oriented treatment, skills teaching and other methods. those eligible for the program either suffer from serious mental illness or moderate to severe functional impairments as a result of an illness. the program was nominated and eventually won recognition from the pennsylvania association of psychiatric rehabilitation services following efforts of the registered nurses and staff and the integrated care program to handal physical health crisis that could have resulted in the death of a -- an individual. i commend the staff of skills of central p.a. for their important work, helping people emerge from what is often the darkest time of their lives. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california siege recognition?
-- seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to honor the service and memory of deputy dennis randall wallace who was shot and killed in the line of duty on november 13, 2016 in houston, california. on behalf of our community and this congress, i'd like to offer my deepest condolences to deputy wallace's family, friends and fellow law enforcement community. deputy wallace's end of watch came when he was fatally wounded this past sunday while investigating a suspicious vehicle. mr. denham: as a dare officer he took great pride in his work with our community's youth, helping them stay away from drugs and gangs. dennis was not only a law
enforcement officer but also a coach and mentor and a friend to many of these young individuals. dennis has received countless awards and accommodations for hi outstanding service to our community. the outpouring of support from county, , stanislaus and our state, reflects the love for our fallen hero. mr. speaker, please join me in honoring the life of deputy dennis wallace who defended and protected our community until his last breath. he made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty. my deepest sympathy goes out to the stanislaus county sheriff's department, the wallace family, and his many loved ones. god bless him always, he will be missed. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentleman from illinois seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to
address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to recognize officer blake snyder, a 3-year-old police officer tragically killed in the line of duty in st. louis county, missouri, on october 16 of this year. officer snyder, a longtime resident of madison county, illinois, had served as a member of the st. louis county police department for four years. his career in law enforcement was inspired by his brother-in-law and late father-in-law who both serb served as police officers. mr. davis: law enforcement leaders from across the region remember him as a dedicated public servant. one said he was a tremendous police officer, and former st. louis county police chief said
he was highly regarded by his fellow officers and command staff. before joining the police force, officer snyder served on the board of directors for riverbend family ministries, where he worked to provide a safe environment for children and families in crisis. officer snyder was the 9 th law enforcement officer killed this yearle he's survived by his wife and 2-year-old son. may god bless officer snyder, his family, and all the first responders who put their lives on the line to keep us safe. please join me in keeping the snyder family and all the families of our first responders in your thoughts and prayers. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. woodall: i rise to honor mr.
davis love iii for his induction in the world golf hall of fame. his career spans four different decades. >> he's won 21 times on the pga tour including one major championship at the pga championship in 1997, two victories a at the players championship in 199 and 2003, and five victories a at the heritage in hiltonhead, south carolina. mr. carter: further, his outstanding performances gained him selection to six u.s. ryder cup team, twice as captain. though mr. love is known nationally for his professional wins, he's also known in the first congressional district of georgia for his strong sense of community. referred to as uncle davis by locals, mr. love stays active in the st. simons community. when hurricane matthew hit, he spent time clearing away tree limbs and providing food to emergency workers. certainly he's respected both nationally and locally. i'm proud to rise today to recognize his great achievements
and mr. love's induction into the world golf hall of fame. thank you, mr. speaker, and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the chair lays before the house the following communications. the clerk: the honorable the speaker, house of representatives, sir, pursuant to the permission granted in clause 2-h of rule of the rules of they have u.s. house of representatives, the clerk received the following message from the secretary of the senate on november 16, 2016, at 9:46 a.m. that the senate passed, without amendment, h.r. 4511, appointment state and local law enforcement congressional badge of bravery board. f. kennedy centennial commission, world war i centennial commission, united tates centennial commission, united states commission on civil rights, united states china economic security review commission, creating options for
veterans expedited recovery cover commission. with best wishes, i am, signed sincerely, karen l. haas. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? >> by direction of the committee on rules i call up house resolution 921 and ask for its immediate consideration. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the resolution. the clerk: house calendar number 156, house resolution 921. resolved, that upon adoption of this resolution it shall be in order to consider in the house the bill, h r. 57121, to prohibit the secretary of the treasury from authorizing certain transactions by a u.s. financial institution in connection with the export or re-export of a commercial passenger aircraft to the islamic republic of iran. all points of order against consideration of the bill are waived. in lieu of the amendment recommended by the committee on financial services now printed in the bill, an amendment in the nature of a substitute consisting of the text of rules committee 114-166 shall with
considered as adopted this ebill as amended shall be considered as read. all points of order against provision in the bill are waived. the previous question shall be considered as ordered on the bill as amended and on any further amendment thereto without any intervening motion except, one, one hour of debate equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking member of the committee on financial an amendment two, offered by the chair of the committee rules if offered, shall be separately debatable for the time specified in the report equally divided and control by the proponent and an opponent and shall not be subject to demand for division of the question, and tele, one motion to recommit with or without instructions. section 2. at any time after adoption of this resolution, the speaker
may, pursuant to clause 2-b of rule 18, deshare the house resolved into the committee of the whole house on the state of the union for consideration of the bill h.r. 59 2. too amend chapter 8 of title 5, for midnight rules and for other purposes. the first raiding of the bill shall be dispensed. with all points of order against the bill are waived. general debate shall in the exceed one hour equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking member of the committee on the judiciary. after general debate the bill shall be considered for debate under the five-minute rule. the bill shall be considered as read. all points of order against provisions in the bill are waived. no amendment to the bill shall be in order expect those printed in part b of the renoferte committee on rules accompanying this resolution. each such amendment may be offered only in the order
printed in the report, may be offered only by a member designated in the report, shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for the time specified in the report equally divided and controlled by the proponent and an opponent, shall not be subject to amendment, and shall not be subject to demand for division of the question in the house or in the committee of the whole. all points of order against such amendments are waved. at the conclusion of consideration of the bill for amendment, the committee shall rise and report the bill to the house with such amendments as may have been adopted. the previous question shall be considered as ordered on the bill and amendments thereto to final passage without intervening motion except one motion to recommit with or without instructions. section 3, on any legislative day during the period from november 18, 2016, through november 28, 2016, a, the journal of the proceeds of the previous day shall be considered as approved and b, the chair may at any time declare the house
adjourned to meet at a date and time within the limits of clause 4, section 5, article 1 of the constitution to be announced by the chair in declaring the adjournment. section 4, the speaker may appoint members to perform the duties of the chair for the dureation of the period addressed by section 3 of this resolution as though under clause 8-a of rule 1. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia is recognized for one hour. mr. collins: mr. speaker, for the purposes of debate on, i yield the customary 30 minutes to the gentlelady from new york, pending which i yield myself such time as i may consume. during consideration of this resolution all time yielded is for the purposes of debate only. mr. speaker, i also ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous materials on house resolution 921, currently under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. i am pleased to bring this rule forward on behalf of the rules committee. the rule provides for
consideration of h.r. 5711, to prohibit the secretary of treasury from authorizing certain transactions by u.s. financial institutions in connection with the export or re-export of a commercial passenger aircraft to the islamic republic of iran. the rule also provides for consideration of h.r. 5982, the midnight rules relief act. the rule provides for one hour of debate equally dwrided and controlled by the chair and ranking member of the judiciary committee and also provides a motion to recommit. additionally, the bill provides one hour of debate equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking minority member of the financial services committee, with a motion to recommit. on monday, the rules committee heard testimony from judiciary chairman bob goodlatte, the ranking member hank johnson and the financial services committee chairman jeb hensarling and congressman denny heck. h.r. 5982, the midnight rules relief act, was marked up and reported by the judiciary committee and enjoyed discussion at the committee
level. the rule also combines h.r. 5715, the no ex-im assistance for terrorism act with h.r. 5711. both of these bills were approved by the house financial services committee in july. the rulemaking in order five amendments to h.r. 5982 from my colleagues on the other side of the aisle and makes in order the only amendment submitted on h.r. 5711. i am a co-sponsor of the midnight rules relief act authored by my friend darrell issa from california. this bill addresses a problem that we have seen far too often the administration of both parties, mr. speaker. as the president's term draws to a close we see new regulations to be forced upon the american people. we usually see an even greater jump in the number of regulations during the lame duck period, the period between the election day and inauguration day. those hurried rules, midnight rules are too often used to force the political agenda of an outgoing administration on hardworking americans as last
ditch attempt to implement partisan priorities. as we enter a lame duck period after last week's election, this is a particularly meaningful time to consider this legislation. i think we can agree the outgoing administration should nobody rushing to impose burdensome regulations on the american people. already we have seen the obama administration issue numerous midnight rules, including a multibillion-dollar rule. in fact, this administration has issued or plans to issue at least 180 such rules. just yesterday we were presented with a clear example of this problem when the department of interior announced the finalization of a new rule on methane venting and flaring. this rule was announced by the bureau of land management in an attempt to lower output despite the cost it will impose on energy production and numerous state regulations already in place. this is just one example of an administration rushing to finalize rules to cement a partisan policy agenda. we have seen this administration increase the regulatory burden on families and businesses by more than
$100 billion. the last thing we should do is let them further burden -- further that burden in the waning days of a lame duck presidency. however, despite the clear evidence that current administration is taking advantage of the ability to implement midnight rules, this is not a problem that is unique to only one political party. lame duck regulations have been abused by both parties but addressing this issue will help rein in that practice and ensure congress can ensure proper oversight authority. the midnight rules relief act will take steps to solve the problem by amending the congressional review act to allow c.r.a. resolutions that disapprove multiple midnight rules en bloc. currently, the c.r.a. can only be used for individual regulations. the amended congressional review act would maintain flexibility while incentivizing outgoing administrations to avoid issuing broad and controversial midnight regulations. the rule before us today also provides consideration for of a different but equally important
bill, h.r. 5711 takes critical steps to protect taxpayers and national security. under the iran nuclear deal, which i vocally opposed, president obama agreed to license exports of commercial planes. recently the treasury department authorized the sell of almost 100 planes for iran. i can't believe this is something we have to talk about here today, but it is a deeply serious issue. the administration has allowed the foremost state sponsor of terrorism to receive financing and planes. h.r. 5711 takes the commonsense step of prohibiting the secretary of treasury from authorizing u.s. financing in connection with the export of commercial passenger aircraft to iran. it also makes permanent the financing prohibition for the export-import bank assistance to the government of iran. i'll say it again, this is just simply common sense. we should not and cannot be in the business of licensing and financing the sale of aircraft to a country that wishes to do us harm.
the underlying bills that this rule provides consideration for are necessary to protect the american people and to restore smart policies that will protect us here and abroad. and with that, mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. for what purpose does -- the gentlelady from new york is recognized. ms. slaughter: thank you very much, mr. speaker. i appreciate that. and i thank my colleague from georgia for yielding me the customary time and, mr. speaker, let me say that the legislation before us today continues the majority's attempts to undermine actions taken by president obama. h.r. 5711 would force us to violate our international obligations under the iran nuclear agreement which was painstakingly negotiated by secretary of state john kerry, deputy secretary state wendy sherman and secretary of energy, earnest moniz, as part of the members of the security council of the united nations. the permanent members of the u.n. security council plus
germany did the negotiations on this agreement. i think this is a great mistake in the united states that we undermine it and we have the ability to do that. but it is very unlikely in any event that should be this under minded and this treaty bill be overturned we could turn this back with the same people that put this together in the first place. and it will put our aircraft manufacturers at a competitive disadvantage with their foreign competitors, something i'm very much surprised that the majority would even contemplate. the legislation would also continue their attacks on the export-import bank, an economic driver that's helped create jobs and to grow our economy by expanding american businesses' access to foreign markets. the -- it stands in stark context of the long history of bipartisan support, including from presidents all the way
back to john kennedy and bill clinton to republican presidents like ronald reagan and george w. bush. mr. speaker, instead of advancing this misguided legislation, the chamber should be supporting our local businesses and the good-paying jobs that they create. the majority should also give the iran nuclear agreement the time to succeed. instead of rushing forward with this bill that would already put the u.s. in direct violation of it. and as i said earlier, if this agreement fails, we would not likely be able to reapply the sanctions nor get the support of the security council. if we want to achieve our goal of ensuring that iran is unable to build a nuclear weapon, this agreement remains the best available option for peacefully and verifyably cutting off its -- verifiablely cutting off its pathways. h.r. 5982 is a sad continuation of the majority's attempt to
delegitimize any actions taken by president obama. this time the majority is trying to amend the congressional review act and allow congress to invalidate the regulations proposed in the final 60 legislative days of the president's term en bloc. that means that potentially life-saving measures could be repealed in the blink of an eye without any proper evaluation or examination of its impacts. mr. speaker, the taxpayers expect reasonable and thoughtful governance. they also expect us to uphold the constitution which clearly states that presidents have four-year terms. that means that president obama is president of the united states for a full four-year term, not 3 3/4-year term. it is a disgrace that president obama couldn't even get a hearing on his supreme court nominee, judge merrick garland. this unprecedented dereliction
of the majority's responsibilities is symbolic of their failure to respect this president. so many issues deserve our attention in the closing days of congress, and it's disappointing to me and so many others that the majority has chosen to prioritize measures that won't even be considered in the senate. just to take parting political shots at president obama. we were elected to get things done here, mr. speaker, and these bills are really just solutions in search of problems that don't exist and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady reserves. the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. i won't take long. i do understand some of these. yes, our presidents are elected for a full four years. i don't have a problem with that. what i have a problem is pushing bills that can't make it through these bodies in the proper oversight that congress is supposed to have. we are set up in article 1 of the constitution as the body that makets laws and sets the policy along with the executive
who carries out this policy. what we're simply saying is don't go around what you can't get done in congress and try to do it before you walk out the door. this is both sides, mr. speaker. this is not just this administering. it has been used by both. -- this is not just this administration. this has pb used by both. this is simply saying, let's do it the right way. also, just as a quick note, mr. speaker on this issue to the planes to iran. as a member of the military -- currently and also served in iraq, this is very be concerning to me on many levels but also the problem we see with iran is not about doing business, it's about protection of american interests and american assets. in fact, this is a bipartisan issue. one of the financial service committee members from across the aisle, mr. sherman, actually opposed this but he said this and it makes a lot of sense. he said, until iran gets out of the business of supporting terrorism and supporting the assad regime in sear yarks it
is certain that iran air will use these aircraft for nefarious purposes. we are simply saying put our country in a safe position. we are not talking about denying business but we are talking about what many of us feel was a very bad decision with the iran nuclear deal. simply here just putting us back in article 1 position. i appreciate the gentlelady from new york. i think we just need to do our business and just put our interests first. not only here but also abroad. with that, mr. speaker, i also before i reserve i will say we have no other speakers. ms. slaughter: i have one speaker. mr. collins: one speaker. super. i'll reserve, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlelady is recognized. ms. slaughter: i am pleased to yield five minutes to the gentleman from oregon, mr. blumenauer. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from oregon is recognized for five minutes. mr. blumenauer: i appreciate the gentlelady's courtesy in permitting me to speak on this. and i appreciated the statement that she just made a moment ago in opposing the rule. i want to focus just on one
area. this is h.r. 5711 that would be designed to prohibit the transaction with iran. i couldn't agree more with my friend on the other side of the aisle managing this issue for the republicans that we ought to put american interests first . that is why the overwhelming majority of independent experts agreed with the comprehensive joint plan of action, which was designed to make it harder and less likely that iran would develop nuclear weapons. now, who's going to forget benjamin netanyahu before us, others who were hysterical that iran was just months away from a nuclear breakout and the threat that that posed? i for one agree that i don't want iran to have nuclear weapons.
i think that would be horrific. it's wrong to put it in their hands and the other cascading effects that could occur if they were to obtain nuclear weapons. that's why the united states, secretary kerry and five other countries worked with us to use the power of our sanctions and international cooperation to make that nuclear breakout less likely. and what has happened since that agreement was signed and entered into? well, as a practical matter, iran has complied with what it said it would do, and that nuclear threshold for iran having the potential of generating nuclear weapons has grown longer. they've reduced the number of centrifuges, less nuclear fissile material. this is what we wanted and they
have done it. to this point they've compiled, we've complied, for example, giving them back their own money that was frozen as a result of the events of the iranian revolution. this avenue of trying to undermine the agreement -- and make no mistake. republican leadership and a trump administration is likely to try and overturn it altogether. thus continuing a mismanagement of the -- by the united states with the oldest civilization in the middle east. this goes back 3,000 years. the iranians are not arabs. they have their own interests, their own identity. it's twice as large as iraq and afghanistan. more populous, more
sophisticated. pretending that we're going to attack them as some of the people that mr. trump is considering for key positions would be a nightmare. but remember, the united states overthrew the popularly elected leader of iran, working with the british, in 1953. and installed the shah on the throne. the united states sided with saddam hussein that we thought was so evil that we upset the order in the middle east and undertook this disastrous war. we sided with him as he used weapons of mass destruction against the iranians. now who would blame the iranians, given our history, for not being friendly toward the united states. but the fact is, and it's verified by friends of yours who may have visited iran, that it
is actually the country whose people have the most positive feelings toward the united states. after 9/11, there were candlelight vigils in tehran in sympathy with americans who were attacked. now, many people have a door toon image of the iranian situation. it's complex. there are some very bad people in pow for the iran. and we need to stand up to them. many of those people want this deal to fail. just like some hard liners in the united states. want it to fail. i don't think we should serve their interests. and preventing the united states to follow through on this agreement, for example, with -- enabling them to purchase boeing planes, giving us over $17 billion in business, putting over 100,000 americans to work
100,000 g another over americans to work and building relationships, i think is foolish. in fact if the agreement falls apart and the sanctions collapse, they'll get their planes. they'll just buy airbus planes. not boeing. but more importantly, we will be undermining an opportunity to use diplomacy to make the world safer. i have been apalled how difficult it is for us to focus on the big picture. absolutely push back at some of the bad guys, stand up to problems that they create. we just reinstituted the sanctions against misbehavior by iran and i voted for that
yesterday. but don't undermine an agreement that is working, that makes it more -- iran has already got much of what they wanted out of this deal. if we undermine it, they can walk away, they've got some money, and they can have world opinion on their side and go ahead and develop nuclear weapons. that's crazy. we ought to abide by our agreements, we ought to stand up to them where they are wrong, we ought to promote interaction where we can. work with the very vibrant iranian-american community, which i hope donald trump doesn't deport, they're law-abide, very effective citizens in the united states. we ought to be working with them to try and work for the cause of international peace, strengthening the american economy, while we make all of us more likely to make nuclear
weapons less likely and strengthen international cooperation. it was a signal achievement to ave china and russia,ermany, great britain and france work with us on this agreement. we should not undercut it. we should honor it. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expire the gentlelady reserves, the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. collins: i reserve for the gentlelady to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady from new york is recognized. ms. slaughter: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, if we defeat the previous question, i'll offer an amendment to the rule to bring up a bill that would prohibit lobbyists from serving on president-elect trump's transition team. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to insert the text of my amendment in the record along with extraneous material immediately plire to the vote on the previous question. the speaker pro tempore: without objection.
ms. slaughter: mr. speaker, these bills will be going nowhere in the senate and we should be happy about that we shouldn't be frittering away the close dages of this session of congress with legislation designed to delegitimize the work of our president. there are major issues that face our country that the american people are crying out for us to address. from our crumbling infrastructure to the skyrocketing cost of education. and we were elected to serve, to solve these problems, mr. speaker. and these bills, again, utterly fail to do anything about any of that. our constituents deserve more, the taxpayers deserve more, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady yields back. the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. collins: i appreciate a good debate. this -- these two, this rule actually deals with two, one that is the midnight rule which is has been abused by both sets but then also, it was just
spoken of on the floor, this issue of the funds for the planes for iran. let me just say, i would love to go back and discuss the iran eal that was put into place. i've been on the floor many times talking about it. i don't think it was put into place to stop. it's an issue that they've complied. i just find laughable. that they have complied. they've tested rocket, they've sent people overseas, they've not complied with this. the one thing i agree with my friend from across the aisle, i agreed when he said iran has got everything they want. they've got the money, centrifuge is spinning. i'll just say this about this. this issue right here. if we could actually -- i will support iran when iran is willing to be part of the world culture and starts recognizing israel's right to exist.
there are my brothers and sisters in arms all over the world who can be impacted by this. this is a commonsense rule for two things. we're not going to use the bank accounts of americans to buy planes for iran that can be used against us in war. we're not going to have midnight rule best both parties, doesn't matter party here. this is congressional, this is article 1, this is base exconstitution. let the congress do its work, not a president carrying out an agenda. these are important bills that make smart, commonsense policy changes to protect americans. for that reason i urge my colleagues to support the legislation provided for by the rule and the rule itself.
with that, i yield back the balance of my time and move the previous question on the resolution. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on ordering the previous question on the resolution. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair the ayes have it. ms. slaughter: i request the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. those favoring a vote by the yeas and nays will rise. a sufficient number having risen this yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause of rule 20 further proceedings on this question will be post-en-- postponed. pursuant to clause 12-a of rule 1, he chair declares the house in re--8-8002.
in both chambers are holding their leadership elections, going through the process of choosing those leaders to lead them in the 115th congress. we turn to elana schor from politico. good morning to you. guest: been morning, john. -- good morning, john. host: house gop conference held their elections. they walked into a room with "make america great again" hats on the chairs there. release set the tone because we have a happy house gop conference. they are expanding rally at this point because their losses were
quite minimal and they were prepared to lose as many as 20 seats. paul ryan has struggled for basically the whole year since he was elected to win over conservatives. host: four paul ryan, the process does not end yesterday. run through what happens from here. guest: it was just house republicans. in order to be speaker of the house, he has to pass a floor vote. he has to get a majority of members voting in both parties. house republicans lost less than expected. it is technically another hurdle he has to climb. host: run through the results from yesterday. these are mostly familiar faces. guest: certainly. the most surprising vote
was on the democratic side. pelosi has continued to the factcongress -- that it is under consideration is a sign of how rattled and uncertain they are p. host: this was originally expected to happen tomorrow. correct? guest: yes. it was. they met today and it was unclear whether they would hold a vote. it happened very fast and they tried to delay it. 20 member signed onto to a letter asking pelosi to delay. it doesn't seem like a lot, but given her reputation, it was a lot. we don't know all the folks leading the charge.
ryan says he is stepping up because people are asking him to. gallegog we heard ruben and set molten that -- host: there was some discussion before the election, a challenge from the conservative freedom caucus. do they have a voice in the house republican leadership? they don't have a voice in the higher echelon of the ranks, but they have a lot of allies there. they're very close with doug collins, the vice-chairman. they are looking at reforms for the house republicans during committee, the group of folks to pick the leaders.
host: those elections taking place today. any surprises there that we are looking for? surprise in the senate will be what patty murray does. as late as yesterday come as she was unwilling to tell dick durbin has had a love-hate relationship with schumer. him,rray tries to leapfrog that at serious tension -- adds serious tension. , a bigrepublican side election for them, they are not making any changes unless they feel like they have to. they had a great election day.
only losing two seats. host: elana schor >> "politico" is reporting that current house minority leader nancy pelosi is officially running for that position again. announcing in a letter to colleagues today that she has already locked down support from 2/3 of the caucus. with both humility and confidence i write to request your support for house democratic leader. as of this writing i'm pleased to report more than 2/3 of the caucus support. she was forced to delay leadership elections after an uprising from rank-and-file members yesterday. congressman tim ryan has floated the idea of challenging nancy pelosi for the top democratic post. but hasn't formally declared for it. hillary clinton will be honored tonight for her contributions to child advocacy by the children's defense fund. it's her first public appearance since the elections. c-span2 will have live coverage of that starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern. earl yes today in athens greece
president obama highlighted some of the accomplishments of democracy and it's importance in making societies more open, more efficient and effective in responding to the needs of the itizens. [applause] president obama: thank you so much. [applause] thank you. thank you very much. please, please have a seat. thank you. [applause] audience member: chicago! president obama: chicago. [laughter] hello, greece! [applause] ia sas! kalispera! to the government and the people of greece, including prime
minister tsipras, who i thank for his partnership and for being here, along with so many young people, the future of greece, i want to thank you for your warm and generous elcome. as many of you know, this is my final trip overseas as president of the united states, and i was determined, on my last trip, to come to greece, partly because ive heard about the legendary hospitality of the greek people, your philoxenia. applause] partly because i had to see the acropolis and the parthenon. but also because i came here with gratitude for all that greece -- this small, great world -- has given to humanity
through the ages. our hearts have been moved by the tragedies of aeschylus and euripides. our minds have been opened by the histories of herodotus and thucydides. our understanding of the world and our place in it has been expanded by socrates and aristotle. in the united states, were especially grateful for the friendship of so many proud greek americans. n my hometown of chicago you can find them in greektown, with their foustanellas.
and if anyone seeks an example of our shared spirit, our resilience, they need look no further than new york city, near ground zero, where the greek orthodox church of st. nicholas, once in ruins, is now rising again. most of all, were indebted to greece for the most precious of gifts -- the truth, the understanding that as individuals of free will, we
have the right and the capacity to govern ourselves. applause] for it was here, 25 centuries ago, in the rocky hills of this ity, that a new idea emerged. demokratia. applause] kratos -- the power, the right to rule -- comes from demos -- the people. the notion that we are citizens -- not servants, but stewards of our society. the concept of citizenship -- that we have both rights and responsibilities. the belief in equality before the law -- not just for a few,
but for the many; not just for the majority, but also the minority. these are all concepts that grew ut of this rocky soil. of course, the earliest forms of democracy here in athens were far from perfect -- just as the early forms of democracy in the united states were far from perfect. the rights of ancient athens were not extended to women or to slaves. but pericles explained, our constitution favors the many instead of the fewthis is why it is called a democracy. athenians also knew that, however noble, ideas alone were not enough. to have meaning, principles must be enshrined in laws and protected by institutions, and advanced through civic participation. and so they gathered in a great assembly to debate and decide
affairs of state, each citizen with the right to speak, casting their vote with a show of hands, or choosing a pebble -- white or yes, black for no. laws were etched in stone for all to see and abide by. courts, with citizen jurors, upheld that rule of law. politicians werent always happy because sometimes the stones ould be used to ostracize, banish those who did not behave themselves. but across the millennia that followed, different views of power and governance have often prevailed. throughout human history, there have been those who argue that people cannot handle democracy, hat they cannot handle self-determination, they need to
be told what to do. a ruler has to maintain order through violence or coercion or an iron fist. theres been a different concept of government that says might makes right, or that unchecked power can be passed through bloodlines. theres been the belief that some are superior by virtue of race or faith or ethnicity, and those beliefs so often have been used to justify conquest and exploitation and war. but through all this history, the flame first lit here in thens never died. it was ultimately nurtured by a great enlightenment.
it was fanned by americas founders, who declared that we, the people shall rule, that all men are created equal and endowed by our creator with certain inalienable rights. now, at times, even today, those ideals are challenged. weve been told that these are western ideals. weve been told that some cultures are not equipped for democratic governance and actually prefer authoritarian rule. and i will say that after eight years of being president of the united states, having traveled around the globe, it is absolutely true that every country travels its own path, every country has its own traditions.
but what i also believe, after eight years, is that the basic longing to live with dignity, the fundamental desire to have control of our lives and our future, and to want to be a part of determining the course of our communities and our nations -- these yearnings are universal. they burn in every human eart. its why a greek bishop atop a mountain raised the flag of independence. its why peoples from the americas to africa to asia threw off the yoke of colonialism. its why people behind an iron curtain marched in solidarity, and tore down that wall, and joined you in a great union of
emocracies. its why, today, we support the right of ukrainians to choose their own destiny; why we partner with tunisians and the people of myanmar as they make historic transitions to democracy. this has been my foreign policy during my presidency. by necessity, we work with all countries, and many of them are not democracies. some of them are democracies in the sense they have elections, but not democracies in the sense of actually permitting articipation and dissent. but our trajectory as a country has been to support the efforts of those who believe in self-governance, who believe in those ideas that began here so
many years ago. and it is not simply a matter of us being true to our values. its not just a matter of idealism. i believe it is practical for the united states to support democracies. applause] because history shows us that countries with democratic governance tend to be more just, and more stable, and more successful. open, democratic societies can deliver more prosperity -- because when people are free to think for themselves and share ideas and discover and create -- the young people who are here, what theyre able to do through the internet and technology,
thats when innovation is unleashed, when economies truly flourish. thats when new products, and new services, and new ideas wash through an economy. in contrast to regimes that rule by coercion, democracies are rooted in consent of the governed -- citizens know that theres a path for peaceful change, including the moral force of nonviolence. and that brings a stability that so often can facilitate economic rowth. the history of the past two centuries indicates that democracies are less likely to ight wars among themselves. so more democracy is good for the people of the world, but its also good for our national security. which is why americas closest friends are democracies -- like greece.
its why we stand together in nato -- an alliance of emocracies. in recent years, weve made historic investments in nato, increased americas presence in europe, and todays nato -- the worlds greatest alliance -- is as strong and as ready as its ever been. and i am confident that just as americas commitment to the transatlantic alliance has endured for seven decades -- whether its been under a democratic or republican administration -- that commitment will continue, including our pledge and our treaty obligation to defend very ally. our democracies show that were stronger than terrorists, and fundamentalists, and absolutists who cant tolerate difference, cant tolerate ideas that vary from their own, who try to change peoples way of life hrough violence and would make
us betray or shrink from our values. democracy is stronger than organizations like isil. because our democracies are inclusive, were able to welcome people and refugees in need to our countries. and nowhere have we seen that compassion more evident than here in greece. applause] the greek peoples generosity towards refugees arriving on your shores has inspired the world. that doesnt mean that you should be left on your own [applause] and only a truly collective response by europe and the world
can ensure that these desperate people receive the support that they need. greece cannot be expected to bear the bulk of the burden alone -- but the fact that your democracy opens your heart to people in need in a way that might not otherwise be the case. just as democracies are premised on the peaceful resolution of disagreements within our societies, we also believe that cooperation and dialogue is the best way to address challenges between nations. and so it is my belief that democracies are more likely to try to resolve conflicts between nations in a way that does not esult in war. thats how, with diplomacy, we were able to shut down irans nuclear weapons program without firing a shot. with diplomacy, the united states opened relations with cuba. [applause]
with diplomacy, we joined greece and nearly 200 nations in the most ambitious agreement ever to save our planet from climate change. [applause] and speaking of climate change, i would point out that there is a connection between democracy and science. the premise of science is that we observe and we test our hypotheses, our ideas. we base decisions on facts, not superstition; not what our ideology tells us, but rather hat we can observe. and at a time when the globe is shrinking and more and more were going to have to take collective action to deal with problems like climate change, the presence of a democratic
debate allows the science to flourish and to shape our ollective responses. now, democracy, like all human institutions, is imperfect. it can be slow, it can be frustrating, it can be hard, it can be messy. politicians tend to be unpopular in democracies, regardless of party, because, by definition, democracies require that you dont get a hundred percent of what you want. it requires compromise. winston churchill famously said that democracy is the worst form of government -- except for all the others. and in a multiethnic, multiracial, multicultural
society, like the united states, democracy can be especially complicated. believe me, i know. laughter] but it is better than the alternatives because it allows s to peacefully work through our differences and move closer to our ideals. it allows us to test new ideas and it allows us to correct for mistakes. any action by a president, or ny result of an election, or any legislation that has proven flawed can be corrected through the process of democracy. and throughout our history, its how we have come to see that all people are created equal -- even
though, when we were founded, that was not the case. we could work to expand the rights that were established in our founding to african americans, and to women, to americans with disabilities, to native americans; why all americans now have the freedom to marry the person they love. applause] its why we welcome people of all races and all religions and all backgrounds, and immigrants who strive to give their children a better life and who make our country stronger. and so here, where democracy was born, we affirm once more the rights and the ideals and the institutions upon which our way f life endures.
freedom of speech and assembly -- because true legitimacy can only come from the people, who must never be silenced. a free press to expose injustice and corruption and hold leaders accountable. freedom of religion -- because were all equal in the eyes of god. independent judiciaries to uphold rule of law and human rights. separation of powers to limit the reach of any one branch of government. free and fair elections -- because citizens must be able to choose their own leaders, even if your candidate doesnt always win. [laughter] we compete hard in campaigns in america and here in greece. but after the election, democracy depends on a peaceful transition of power, especially when you dont get the result you want. applause]
and as you may have noticed, the next american president and i could not be more different. applause] we have very different points of view, but american democracy is bigger than any one person. [applause] thats why we have a tradition of the outgoing president welcoming the new one in -- as i id last week. and why, in the coming weeks, my administration will do everything we can to support the smoothest transition possible because thats how democracy has to work. applause] and thats why, as hard as it can be sometimes, its important for young people, in particular, who are just now becoming involved in the lives of their countries, to understand that
progress follows a winding path -- sometimes forward, sometimes back -- but as long as we retain ur faith in democracy, as long as we retain our faith in the people, as long as we dont waver from those central principles that ensure a lively, open debate, then our future will be okay, because it remains the most effective form of government ever devised by man. t is true, of course, over the last several years that weve seen democracies faced with serious challenges. and i want to mention two that
have an impact here in greece, haven an impact in the united states, and are having an impact around the world. the first involves the paradox f a modern, global economy. the same forces of globalization and technology and integration that have delivered so much progress, have created so much wealth, have also revealed deep fault lines. around the world, integration and closer cooperation, and greater trade and commerce, and the internet -- all have improved the lives of billions of people -- lifted families from extreme poverty, cured diseases, helped people live longer, gave them more access to education and opportunity than at any time in human history. ive often said to young people in the united states, if you had to choose a moment in history to e born, and you did not know
ahead of time who you would be -- you didnt know whether you were going to be born into a wealthy family or a poor family, what country youd be born, whether you were going to be a man or a woman -- if you had to choose blindly what moment youd want to be born youd choose now. because the world has never, collectively, been wealthier, better educated, healthier, less violent than it is today. thats hard to imagine, given what we see in the news, but its true. and a lot of that has to do with the developments of a integrated, global economy. but trends under way for decades have meant that in many countries and in many communities there have been enormous disruptions. technology and automation mean
that goods can be produced with fewer workers. it means jobs and manufacturing can move across borders where wages are lower or rights are less protected. and that means that workers and unions oftentimes have less leverage to bargain for better wages, better benefits, have more difficulty competing in the lobal marketplace. hardworking families worry their kids may not be better off than they were because of this global ompetition. what weve also seen is that this global integration is increasing the tendencies towards inequality, both between nations and within nations, at n accelerated pace.
and when we see people -- global elites, wealthy corporations -- seemingly living by a different et of rules, avoiding taxes, manipulating loopholes -- when the rich and the powerful appear to game the system and accumulate vast wealth while middle and working-class families struggle to make ends meet, this feeds a profound sense of injustice and a feeling that our economies are ncreasingly unfair. this inequality now constitutes one of the greatest challenges to our economies and to our democracies. an inequality that was once tolerated because people didnt know how unequal things were now wont be tolerated because everybody has a cell phone and can see how unequal things are.
the awareness that people have in the smallest african village, they can see how people in london or new york are living. the poorest child in any of our countries now has a sense of what other people have that they dont. so not only is there increasing inequality, but also there is greater awareness of inequality. and thats a volatile mix for our democracies. and this is why addressing inequality has been one of the key areas of focus for my economic policy. in our countries, in america and in most advanced market economies, we want people to be rewarded for their achievement. we think that people should be rewarded if they come up with a new product or a new service that is popular and helps a lot of people.
but when a c.e.o. of a company now makes more money in a single day than a typical worker does in an entire year, when its harder for workers to climb their way up the economic ladder, when they see a factory lose that used to support an entire city or town, fuels the feeling that globalization only enefits those at the top. and the reaction can drag down a countrys growth and make recessions more likely. it can also lead to politics that create an unhealthy competition between countries. rather than a win-win situation, people perceive that if youre winning, im losing, and barriers come up and walls come up.
and in advanced economies, there are at times movements from both the left and the right to put a stop to integration, and to push back against technology, and to try to bring back jobs and industries that have been disappearing for decades. so this impulse to pull back from a globalized world is understandable. if people feel that theyre losing control of their future, they will push back. we have seen it here in greece. weve seen it across europe. weve seen it in the united states. we saw it in the vote in britain o leave the e.u. but given the nature of technology, it is my assertion that its not possible to cut ourselves off from one another. we now are living in a global supply chain. our growth comes through innovation and ideas that are crossing borders all the time. the jobs of tomorrow will inevitably be different from the jobs of the past.
so we cant look backwards for answers, we have to look orward. we cannot sever the connections that have enabled so much progress and so much wealth. for when competition for resources is perceived as zero-sum, we put ourselves on a path to conflict both within countries and between countries. so i firmly believe that the best hope for human progress remains open markets combined with democracy and human rights. but i have argued that the current path of globalization demands a course correction. in the years and decades ahead, our countries have to make sure that the benefits of an integrated global economy are more broadly shared by more people, and that the negative impacts are squarely addressed. applause]
and we actually know the path to building more inclusive economies. its just we too often dont have the political will or desire to get it done. we know we need bold policies that spur growth and support jobs. we know that we need to give workers more leverage and better wages, and that, in fact, if you give workers better wages businesses do better, too, because their customers now have money to spend. we know that we have to invest more in our people -- the education of our young people, the skills and training to compete in the global economy. we have to make sure that it is easy for young people who are eager to learn and eager to work to get the education that they need, the training that they need, without taking on huge amounts of debt. we know that we have to encourage entrepreneurship so that its easier to start a business and do business. [applause]
we know that we have to strengthen the social compact so that the safety net that is available for people, including quality health care and retirement benefits, are there even if people arent working in the same job for 30 years, or 40 years, or 50 years. we have to modernize our infrastructure, which will put people back to work. we have to commit to the science and research and development that sparks new industries. in our trading relationships, we have to make sure that trade works for us, and not against us. and that means insisting on high standards in all countries to support jobs, strong protections for workers, strong protections for the environment, so that even as we freely trade, people and workers in all countries see the benefits of trade in their own lives, not just benefits for the bottom
line of large, multinational orporations. these are the kinds of policies, this is the work that ive pursued throughout my time as president. keep in mind i took office in the midst of the worst crisis since the great depression. and we pursued a recovery that has been shared now by the vast majority of americans. we put people back to work building bridges and roads. [applause] we passed tax cuts for the middle class. we asked the wealthiest americans to pay a little more taxes -- their fair share. we intervened to save our auto industry, but insisted that the auto industry become more energy efficient, produce better cars that reduce pollution. we put in place policies to help students with loans and protect consumers from fraud. we passed the strongest wall street reforms in history so that the excesses and abuses
that triggered the global financial crisis never happen again -- or at least dont start on wall street. and today, our businesses have created more than 15 million new jobs. incomes last year in america rose faster than any time since 1968. poverty fell at the fastest rate since 1968. inequality is being narrowed. and weve also begun to close the pay gap between men and women. we declared that health care in america is a privilege not for the few, but a right for everybody. today our uninsured rate is at the lowest levels on record. and weve done all this while doubling our production of clean energy, lowering our carbon pollution faster than any advanced nation. so weve proven that you can grow the economy and reduce the carbon emissions that cause climate change at the same time. [applause]
now, i say all this not because weve solved every problem. ur work is far from complete. there are still too many people in america who are worried about their futures. still too many people who are working at wages that dont get hem above the poverty line. still too many young people who ont see opportunity. but the policies i describe point the direction for where we need to go in building inclusive conomies. and thats how democracies can deliver the prosperity and hope that our people need. and when people have opportunity and they feel confidence the future, they are less likely to turn on each other and theyre less likely to appeal to some of the darker forces that exist in all our societies -- those that
can tear us apart. here in greece, youre undergoing similar transformations. the first step has been to build a foundation that allows you to return to robust economic growth. and we dont need to recount all the causes of the economic crisis here in greece. if were honest, we can acknowledge that it was a mix of both internal and external forces. the greek economy and the level of debt had become unsustainable. and in this global economy, investment and jobs flow to countries where governments are efficient, not bloated, where the rules are clear. to stay competitive, to attract investment that creates jobs, greece had to start a reform process. of course, the world, i dont think, fully appreciates the extraordinary pain these reforms have involved, or the tremendous sacrifices that you, the greek
people, have made. ive been aware of it, and ive been proud of all that my administration has done to try to support greece in these efforts. applause] and part of the purpose of my visit is to highlight for the world the important steps that have been taken here in greece. today, the budget is back in surplus. parliament passed reforms to make the economy more competitive. yes, there is still much more work to do. i want to commend prime minister tsipras for the very difficult reforms his government is pursuing to put the economy on a firmer footing. now, as greece works to attract more investment, and to prevent old imbalances from re-emerging, and to put your economy on a stronger foundation, youll continue to have the full support of the united states.
at the same time, i will continue to urge creditors to take the steps needed to put greece on a path towards sustained economic recovery. applause] as greece continues to implement reforms, the i.m.f. has said that debt relief will be crucial to get greece back to growth. they are right. it is important because if reforms here are going to be sustained, people need to see hope, and they need to see progress. and the young people who are in attendance here today and all across the country need to know there is a future -- there is an education and jobs that are worthy of your incredible potential. you dont have to travel overseas, you can put roots right here in your home, in greece, and succeed. [applause]
and im confident that if you stay the course, as hard as it has been, greece will see brighter days. because, in this magnificent hall and center -- this symbol of the greek culture and resilience -- were reminded that just as your strength and resolve have allowed you to overcome great odds throughout your history, nothing can break the spirit of the greek people. you will overcome this period of challenge just as you have other hallenges in the past. so economics is something that will be central to preserving our democracies. when our economies dont work, our democracies become distorted and, in some cases, break down. but this brings me to another pressing challenge that our democracies face -- how do we ensure that our diverse, multicultural, multiracial, multireligious world and our diverse nations uphold both the
rights of individuals and a fundamental civic adherence to a common creed that binds us together. democracy is simplest where everybody thinks alike, looks alike, eats the same food, worships the same god. democracy becomes more difficult when there are people coming from a variety of backgrounds and trying to live together. in our globalized world, with the migration of people and the rapid movement of ideas and cultures and traditions, we see increasingly this blend of forces mixing together in ways that often enrich our societies but also cause tensions. in the information age, the unprecedented exchange of information can always
-- also accentuate differences, or some to threaten cherished ways of life. it used to be that you might not know how people in another part of your country, or in the cities versus the countryside, were living. now everybody knows how everybody is living, and everybody can feel threatened sometimes if people dont do things exactly the way they do things. and they start asking themselves questions about their own identity. and it can create a volatile politics. faced with this new reality where cultures clash, it's inevitable that some will seek a comfort in nationalism or tribe or ethnicity or sect. in countries that are held together by borders that were drawn by colonial powers,
including many countries in the middle east and in africa, it can be tempting to fall back on perceived safety of enclaves and tribal divisions. in a world of widening inequality, there's a growing suspicion -- or even disdain -- for elites and institutions that seem remote from the daily lives of ordinary people. what an irony it is, at a time when we can reach out to people in the most remote corners of the planet, so many citizens feel disconnected from their own overnments. so, just as we have to have an inclusive economic strategy, we have to have an exclusive -- inclusive political and cultural strategy. in all of our capitals, we have to keep making government more efficient, more effective in responding to the daily needs to citizens.
governing institutions, whether in athens, brussels, london, washington, have to be responsive to the concerns of citizens. people have to know that they're being heard. here in europe, even with today's challenges, i believe that by virtue of the progress it has delivered over the decades -- the stability it has provided, the security it's reinforced -- that european integration and the european union remains one of the great political and economic achievements of human history. applause] and today more than ever, the world needs a europe that is strong and prosperous and emocratic. but i think all institutions in europe have to ask themselves -- how can we make sure that people within individual countries feel
as if their voices are still being heard, that their identities are being affirmed, that the decisions that are being made that will have a critical impact on their lives are not so remote that they have no ability to impact them? we have to make clear that governments exist to serve the interest of citizens, and not the other way around. and so this is why, as president of the united states, i've pursued initiatives like the open government partnership that promotes transparency and accountability so that ordinary people know more about the decisions that affect their lives. that's why both at home and around the world, we have taken steps to fight corruption that can rot a society from within. as authoritarian governments work to close space that citizens depend upon to organize and have their voices heard,
we've begun the work of empowering civil society to defend democratic values and promote solutions to the problems within our communities. and as so many people around the world sometimes are tempted by cynicism and not being involved because they think that politicians and government dont care about them, we've created networks for young leaders and invested in young entrepreneurs, because we believe that the hope and renewal of our societies begins with the voices of youth. applause] in closing, our globalized world is passing through a time of profound change. yes, there is uncertainty and there is unease, and none of us
can know the future. history does not move in a straight line. civil rights in america did not move in a straight line. democracy in greece did not move in a straight line. the evolution of a unified europe certainly has not moved in a straight line. and progress is never a uarantee. progress has to be earned by every generation. but i believe history gives us hope. 25 centuries after athens first pointed the way, 250 years after the beginning of the great american journey, my faith and my confidence, my certainty in our democratic ideals and universal values remain undiminished.
i believe more strongly than ever that dr. king was right when he said that, the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice. applause] but it bends towards justice not because it is inevitable, but because we bend it towards justice, not because there are not going to be barriers to achieving justice, but because there will be people, generation after generation, who have the vision and the courage and the will to bend the arc of our lives in the direction of a etter future. in the united states, and in every place i have visited these last eight years, i have met citizens, especially young
people, who have chosen hope over fear, who believe that they can shape their own destiny, who refuse to accept the world as it is and are determined to remake it as it should be. they have inspired me. in every corner of the world, i have met people who, in their daily lives, demonstrate that despite differences of race or religion or creed or color, we have the capacity to see each other in ourselves. like the woman here in greece who said of the refugees arriving on these shores, we live under the same sun. we fall in love under the same moon. we are all human -- we have to help these people. women like that give me hope. applause] in all of our communities, in
all of our countries, i still believe there's more of what greeks call philotimo [applause love and respect and kindness for family and community and country, and a sense that were all in this together, with obligations to each other. philotimo -- i see it every day -- and that gives me hope. applause] because in the end, it is up to us. it's not somebody else's job, it's not somebody else's responsibility, but it's the citizens of our countries and citizens of the world to bend that arc of history towards justice. and thats what democracy allows us to do. that's why the most important office in any country is not president or prime minister. the most important title is citizen. applause]
and in all of our nations, it will always be our citizens who decide the kind of countries we will be, the ideals that we will reach for, and the values that will define us. in this great, imperfect, but necessary system of self-government, power and progress will always come from the demos -- from we, the eople. and i'm confident that as long as we are true to that system of self-government, that our futures will be bright. thank you very much. [applause] zito i ellas. [applause]
[captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> from greece president obama will make his sixth trip to germany where tomorrow he'll be meeting with cherman chancellor angela merkel and leaders from france, united kingdom, and italy. own friday the president heads to peru for the asia pacific cooperation meeting in lima. today live here on c-span, coverage of the u.s. house, of
course, coming up this afternoon. the house is recess now so republicans can meet about possible rule changes in congress this gentlewomancoming january. the house will be back at 5:00 p.m. eastern on procedural votes on two bills and debate legislation that would prohibit u.s. financial institution from facilitating the sale of airplanes to iran. live coverage here on c-span, sunday night at 10:00 eastern on book tv on c-span2, this year's national book awards in new york city, hosted by larry wilmore. books in four categories, fix, nonfiction, young adult, and poetry. watch watch book tv sunday night at 10:00 eastern on c-span2. >> follow the transition of government on c-span. has donald trump becomes the 45th president of the united states. and republicans maintain control of the u.s. house and senate. we'll take you to key events as
they happen without interruption. watch live often c-span. watch on demand at c-span.org or listen on our free c-span radio app. congressman mark meadows is at our desper desk. should this be read as a signal that you, your fellow conservatives, those in the -- is this a sign that you guys are fully behind this new leadership group? guest: the vast majority of americans want something to get done here in this city. they are tired of gridlock, they are tired of fighting. for me, it's all about trying to make sure that we return washington to its rightful owner
, the american people. at what iss looking important to the american people, whether it is jobs, national security, fighting isis, immigration -- we are focused wholeheartedly on trying to make sure that we not only advanced that agenda but we are ready. we have a few weeks before we take a break. we have to hit the ground running. host: you are a member of the freedom caucus. do the priorities of the freedom caucus align with the priorities of the house republicans leadership? >> the priorities for the house freedom caucus have not changed. it's about giving a voice to millions of americans who feel like their elected official has forgotten them. that has not changed. in terms of policy differences, certainly there are policy differences, just like there are differences in constituency. my district in western north carolina may be very different
than a district in michigan. have two different that it should not stop us from being able to find common ground. i serve in a committee with brenda and we've been able to look at those issues that are important to her people that she represents, some that are important to mine. those don't always align. ,ust like in a gop conference the priorities for my district may not align with leadership, but it is incumbent upon me to not only find a common ground, to influence the leadership know what is significant so we can work on those pieces of legislation. host: does the freedom caucus holds formal elections? guest: we do. those elections will be happening after thanksgiving. new boardminated
members, we have four new board members that will be elected. . from there, a chairman will come out of that. -- wee created those coat have created two new positions. we will know the votes of our members and where they are on particular items. becoming a little more focused and official. host: you've expressed interest about running the freedom caucus should the current chairman step down. guest: he is one of my best friends in congress. we met last night to discuss some things. if he decides to stay on, he will have 110% of my support and backing. the decisions have not been made. it's not even something we've taken to our freedom caucus members at this point. there's lots of speculation on, will he stay on, will i step up? it's about who can best serve as a voice for the rest of the
caucus and bring us all together. our strategy may be has shifted a little bit to more of a policy driven focus. what we are going to before for, how we advance that and make sure that we work hand in glove with the new administration. lines are open if you want to talk with congressman mark meadows. democrats, 202-748-8000. republicans, 202-748-8001. independents, 202-748-8002. you talk about the new to the goals of the freedom caucus align with those you are hearing from the incoming trump administration? guest: some of them do. job security, border security, all of thoserity,
things are important, helping our veterans and making sure that we have a robust veterans administration that actually fulfills the promises we made to our military men and women. all of those align very closely. there's been a lot that has been talked about -- really, when we start to get a robust economy, some of those decisions become much easier to address. istainly deficit spending not something murmurs of the freedom caucus would support. that members of the freedom caucus would support. it's like a mortgage you have on your home. if we know we have a plan to get that debt paid off, we are willing to make up decisions in the short run to make sure that on the back end of that, we are fiscally sound and we do what is right on behalf of our children and grandchildren. host: tough decisions like
raising the debt ceiling? guest: there has not been in opposition to raising the debt ceiling -- if there is a plan. we continue to raise a debt like having a 30 year mortgage and saying now i have a 40 year mortgage, now i have a 50 your mortgage. you are never making the payments to pay it down. if we have a plan to pay it down, we understand the deficit -- the debt ceiling will increase in the short run to bring in better fiscal policy. host: and in florida. in florida. a republican. good morning. caller: there is so much, so many things going on lately. c-span is wonderful. i just can't get over how wonderful you guys are. first of all