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tv   U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon Holds Year- End News Conference  CSPAN  December 19, 2016 12:55am-1:34am EST

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would afford a select committee. we have not heard anything yet. >> have you had any conversation with him? >> not on this subject. ok. go giants. thank you, everybody. >> join us on tuesday, january 3, for live coverage of the opening day of the new congress. watch the official swearing-in of the new andriy elected members of the house and senate, and the election of the speaker of the house. our all-day live coverage of the events from capitol hill begin at 7:00 a.m. eastern on c-span and c-span.org, or you can listen to it on the free c-span radio app. >> on friday, have going secretary-general ban ki-moon held his annual year-end news conference. it is also his last news conference as the leader of the united nations. this is about 40 minutes. .n. this is just over 35 minutes.
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>> good morning. good morning, welcome to this press conference. the secretary-general will make -- thank you. the secretary-general will make opening remarks and we will take some questions. sir? general ban ki-moon: good morning, everyone. a pleasure to see you this morning. usually, at this time, but now, we meet at the end of my term. believe it or not, i will miss these exchanges. [laughter] general ban ki-moon: we have
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spent much time together in this halls of this building and all over the world the last 10 years. you are part of the united nations' family and i thank you strong courage in working together and working for the united nations. more than that, you have an important job to do and informing the world about our work, where we make progress and when we fall short. i deeply believe in your mission. i have been saying you are connecting the world. a connector between the united nations and the world. at a time when governments across the world are harassing journalists, cracking down on press freedom, i have worked hard to be your allies and defender. the fight for freedom of the press is everybody's fight.
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i have a brief today to allow maximum time for questions. let me make three points. first, syria remains a gaping hole in the conscious. it has become a synonym for hell. as i told the council three days ago, we have collectively failed the people of syria. peace will only prevail when it is accompanied by compassion, justice and accountability for the abominable crimes we have seen. second, i am closely following the deteriorating situation in south sudan. this week marks the third anniversary of the fighting. leaders have betrayed their people's trust and squandered a peace agreement.
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tens of thousands lie dead. my special advisor has warned of the risk of genocide. we continue to push for access for life-saving relief and i urge the security council to take more concerted action, including through punitive measures. third, we'll continue to support the momentum behind the paris agreement on climate change. climate action means jobs, growth, cleaner air and better health. leaders from across the globe and on every front understand this from fortune 500 ceos to governors and mayors. the paris agreement on climate
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change is a precious achievement that we must support and nurture. there is no turning back. during my final days in office, i went to speak at the university of illinois in abrahamle and to visit lincoln's presidential library and museum in springfield. one can draw a straight line for the principles that president lincoln defended to those that represent the best of spirit of the united states and the united nations. lincoln was a force for equality, integration reconciliation and we need that , spirit today. this has been a decade of tests.
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i've also seen collective action. a change in millions of lives for the better. sometimes, it may be international corporation as the path for more prosperity going forward. i will continue to appeal to world leaders to recognize and preeminent 21st century facts. i wish to express my appreciation to my host city and country. yesterday in washington d.c., i thanked president obama and vice president biden and secretary rice for their strong support over the years. centralityssed the of close, productive ties between the united states and the united nations. i have also recently met with mayor deblasio of new york and governor christie of new jersey
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and i will speak to governor cuomo from new york. the united states continues to grow strength and the new york metropolitan area. thank you again for your friendship over the past decade and i wish you continued good success and engage more closely with the united nations so that you will always deliver and connect the world with united nations. thank you very much. let me say one last thing. i am happy to take your questions. thank you. >> mr. secretary-general, thank you again for the last press conference, but thank you also for your cooperation and friendship with us. we really appreciate that.
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we also thank you for your battle of freedom of the press. my last question to you is a simple one -- i have a soft one. in two weeks, you will face two options. relax and retire, or run for president of south korea. because this is your last question, we would like to know will choose and you have to give a clear answer now. thank you. [laughter] general ban ki-moon: the first part of your question -- of course, i will take some more days to take rest. as you know during the last 10 years, frankly speaking, i have not been able to take any proper vacations and rest. it has been quite a tough 10 years. i have been working first to make sure that the united nation's is there when people need me and the united nations
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and for the second part of the question, i have been repeatedly saying i am still the secretary-general. i still have 15 days to go. after 15 days, when january 1 comes, then i will take some rest and go back to korea. and then i will try to meet as many people as possible, which may include political leaders and leaders of societies and my friends, consider seriously what is best of what i could and should do for my country of korea. as you know, the situation is very, very difficult.
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it is in turmoil. i understand the anxiety of the people about the future of their country as this is one of the biggest challenges that the korean people encountering. i know that they do not want to lose the hard-earned to democracy and economies development, which transformed korea from a recipient country to a global donor. that is one of the prides that korean people have. known asave been even-tempered to other nations. people want aand new type of inclusive government that can help them overcome the
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challenges. and the many issues of how to reconcile the differences and their thinking the differences .f their -- incomes many issues which we have to think about. that means social integrity, reconciliation and much more democratic institutions. at the same time, they all present great challenges for koreans and the korean government. i am coveted the korean people with their resilience and their democratic institutions, i am sure they will be able to overcome this difficulty soon.
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thank you. >> thank you very much, mr. secretary-general. you mentioned aleppo. i wonder if you could elaborate a little and tell us what your expectations are since there seems to be some holdup in the evacuations today. and whether the u.n. has been involved in trying to promote this? that was a follow-up. my real question is you have talked about unfinished business and you have mentioned syria. today, you have mentioned south sudan. what other unfinished business do you think should be at the top of the agenda of your
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successor, mr. guterres? sec. gen. ban ki-moon: about the situation and aleppo and the situation in syria, this is -- this has been a heartbreaking for me and for all of the people who love peace and stability. the syrian people have been really suffering too much, too long the last five years. we will soon see the 60 year -- the sixth year march of next , year. more specifically about the situation in about aleppo, our operation which started yesterday and continued into the early morning today local time, thousands of people were able to leave aleppo.
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194 patients who were evacuated with the assistance of the syrian arab presence, red cross and the united nations. they were brought to hospitals aleppoy, western rural and turkey. , they were brought to hospitals nearby with the support of humanitarian health partners in -- evacuations of wounded and eastern civilians in aleppo was unfortunately suspended today because of the authorities earlier today. i feel very much regret that we had to stop this operation at
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this time. the united nations is engaging and mobilizing all possible resources and man power, engaging and urging the parties to take all necessary measures to allow for safe resuming of this evacuation process. the u.n. partner in italy has pre-positioned supplies which we can easily deliver to needy people. i can tell you that the united nation stands ready full-time to do whatever that is needed to rescue as many people as possible. as i told you, because of this fighting by syrian armed groups, we have to stop this. thank you.
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about unfinished business -- that is hard to pinpoint. the tendencies that once violence happens, it seems the syrian crisis has been continuing six years now the , situation in yemen and south sudan and central african republic mali and elsewhere, all of the fires are still burning. clearly, lack of solidarity, global solidarity. many people who believe that military solution can a all of these issues. as i have repeatedly been saying, there is no such military solution, only
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canusive political solution bring a sustainable solution of the issues. i feel sorry that i have to leave so many unfulfilled issues to my successors and member states. after the end of our day, we also have to understand that we need to do much more with global solidarity and leadership. that is what i am urging the leaders to engage much, much more. thank you. >> thank you for giving me a chance to ask the secretary general.
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a question is about a northeast asian decision -- situation because the secretary-general is the first secretary-general from east asia and the diplomat of south korea. years, back at these 10 pursuing has been nuclear ambitions and china has to medically enhanced its power in the international area. south korea and japan, immigration has been up and down . it is still unstable. what is your view on northeast asia's situation during your tenure? expectations for the future shape of this region? thank you. sec. gen. ban ki-moon: people
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often have been saying that the 21st century would be an era of asia-pacific. among asian-pacific, northeast asia has been regarded as powerful force and dynamic, economically, politically and socially. that means that that china, and japan and korea and these are very important drivers and have been commended even envied by many people around the world, many countries around the world for their dynamic forces. i am concerned that the relationship among and between the countries in northeast asia
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and also in asia totally have not been smooth. in all of this, there is a very concernsecurity brought about by the democratic people's republic of korea. particularly, they are continuing efforts to develop nuclear weapons and develop ballistic missile technologies. the security council has been engaged to stem, to deter this kind of north korean activities. the security council has met 10 times this year only. it is very rare that the security council engages so frequently, so heavily on any single subject. they have taken already five
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sanctions of resolutions, including more recently, which was taken on november 30. all of this kind of sanctions, also applications to northeast asian region and there has been some differences of opinion and positions on how to advance all of this, particularly in north korea nuclear issues. china, japan and korea and the united states and russia, all of these countries surrounding northeast asia have not been -- have not been consistent in their positions. i hope that with all of this instabilityecurity
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and the political disharmony's among these countries, the leaders of northeast asia will continue to meet together and try to work out differences of opinions. i wish and strongly urge again the d prk to come to an international community and abide by all of the international norms, including the security council resolutions and many resolutions. therefore, they can be a part of
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the society. this is what i see the hope as the secretary-general. >> thank you. joseph klein of canada free press. mr. secretary-general, whatever you decide to do, i wish you all of the best. given the prominence in the news lately of cyber attacks against political institutions and private enterprises, what concrete steps would you recommend the united nations take to galvanize member state support for an effective u.n. invention containing rules and warfare,regulate cyber i can to the geneva convention, and help build member states for their critical infrastructures from cyberattacks? thank you. sec. gen. ban ki-moon: we are enjoying all of this dramatic transformative development of technology, especially communications technology. at the same time, we are concerned about using this technology for other negative
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properties, cyberattacks. this must be prevented in concerted efforts by the international community. i hope the united nations and agencies will look into very -- into this matter very seriously and try to have international conventions so that we can prevent this such misuse of privacy's of technologies. this is my vision. as for the specific agencies or departments, we will have to discuss this matter with the general assembly. >> mr. secretary-general, a question of going back to aleppo. you have called aleppo a synonym
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l.r hel we also know about south sudan. how would you assess the status of the concept of responsibility to protect? is it on life support? is it moving toward death? in 2005. ban ki-moon: during a special summer meeting, world leaders have agreed, a consensus on responsibility to protect. as secretary-general, even while i was campaigning, i was pledging to the member states that i would try to translate in this into action -- translate this into action in application toward addressing all of these issues. unfortunately, member states have shown some stepping back from their agreement on a
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responsibility to protect. that is why the united nations international community has not been able to fully and effectively address many issues, particularly we fully support the sovereign nations. every country, small or big, has a sovereign right and utility. when it comes to a situation when the leaders are not willing or not able to defend their own people, international communities should be able to intervene with necessary resources. that has been done at the time of resolving this libyan crisis.
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i regret very much that the member states have not been given the full support and full engagement in implementing this very important responsibility to protect the principles. again, this is one of the unfinished business. we had a good framework, we have an agreement. why are we not using these tools? these tools and principles should fully be used so we can handle and address the many conflict issues. we fully support this sovereignty. but when the country is simply not able or not willing to then the international community has a responsibility to protect those people. >> is there anything that you would recommend for the international community to do at
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this point regarding syria? i haven. ban ki-moon: been appointing, i think three of the world's best diplomats, including my press assessor -- including my predecessor, kofi annan. ofis not in issue negotiators and facilitators. it is an issue of lack of solidarity lack of compassion. , and the people, just speaking to very narrow, personal, or national interests that has been killing hundreds of thousands of people now that we have to reject in the name of humanity. how come this issue has been so long taking without being resolved?
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people, all, the syrian they should be united. unfortunately, they have been divided completely. the regional powers, these powers they have been supporting, both sides, the government side and the other group's side the united nations , security council has also been divided. individuals in three important areas and institutions have provided a perfect storm for extremists, isis, daesh, terrorists take a firm root . they are taking a firm root among the people. taking advantage of all of the grievances of the people and the leaders. >> thank you, mr. secretary-general.
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just before i start my question, it was a pleasure covering you and united nations the past five years in new york and overseas. reflecting on your tenure, in hindsight, what was your top three moments of pride in your trop -- and your top three moments of regret? are ups and there downs, as we have witnessed. thank you. sec. gen. ban ki-moon: it is not good timing for me to talk about what has been achieved or what has been a good moment for me. i am more of the regrettable side, frankly speaking. since you have raised this issue, i believe that while we think we are living in an era of turmoil and challenges, the
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very leaders have shown important guidelines and visions by adapting sustainable development goals, the 2030 agenda and goals which covers , all spectrums of life, our life, human beings and planet , earth. if we are able to implement and achieve all 17 goals by 2030, i am quite confident and will be very proud to say we are living in a world much more prosperous, much more peaceful and much healthier for people and the planet. that is one thing. is heart of the same development goals the
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, climate change has been a separate track, a different track then sustainable development goals. the agreement of peace -- i mean, the paris agreement, that has to be commended. it has taken longer than 10 years. when i took over as the secretary-general in 2007, it negotiation was almost dormant. it was not working at all. i thought that my priority as secretary-general should be on this climate change. i have been really mobilizing the political will of the leaders and business communities and i have really been asking the civil societies to raise their voices to challenge the world leaders. now, with this paris agreement,
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once it was known as unthinkable. now it is unstoppable. nobody can stop this one. nobody can stop this one. it is government, business communities, and civil societies. they all demand it. they know without changing our course, our pattern of consumption and production without going with a climate economy, decar bonizing, our future will be tragic. that is one thing which i have been able to awaken of the people's minds. that is one thing in which i am proud. we will have to go a list of 85 yards -- 85 years of our target until 2100.
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i think we have made a very good start. this we can bent , proud. another one, at least i have, again, tried to change the mentality of communities and societies that it is not only men. men should lead together equally with women. there is a gender parity. there are more women living on this planet. and if not for women, at least equal rights should be given, politically, socially and economically. this is a fundamental principle for human rights declaration, a universal declaration of human rights.
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as a human being, i think we must adhere to this. i've been trying to appoint as many capable women advisors and the number of women i have appointed in my 10 years is much, much greater than the number of women appointed during my seven previous predecessors combined. my successor has committed in his oath of taking ceremony that by the end of his term, i do not know when will be the end of his term -- [laughter] at least ban ki-moon: 10 years, then this world will be 50-50. by 2030, while the leaders have
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already committed by 2030, this world will be 50-50 planet. thank you. >> thank you. we have to go. thank you. >> we have one more question. but we have to go, sir. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> tomorrow a discussion on the tensions between india and pakistan. watch live, beginning at 10:00 a.m. eastern on c-span 3. outgoing florida representative john mica also spoke with c-span about his career serving in congress for 12 terms. representative mica lost his reelection bid in november. this is

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