tv Washington Journal Steven Rothstein Discusses Centennial of JFK CSPAN May 29, 2017 5:40pm-6:13pm EDT
pump. guest: i'm sorry to hear that. peopleone of the many across the country dealing with direct issues as a result of problem in making prompt payments. one thing i would highly recommend is if you haven't already, contact your local congressman. have staff that are specifically designated to help with issues like this. they can hopefully help resolve this. this is another example, very common issues that we see across the v.a. i'm sorry to hear that. host: dan caldwell. go to www. an www.vb4a.org. those are the best ways to stay outouch with us and find how to get involved and learn more about our joining us from boston is steven
rothstein, executive director of john f. kennedy library, good morning, thank you for with us. want to begin by this piece in the "washington post," america's president turns 100. e begins with these words, we cannot imagine john f. kennedy on his 100th birthday, enshrined as a man in his 40s. ad he lived, he would be 100 today. how should he be remembered? guest: i think he did so much in life, the reality is, many of his ideas are just as relevant today. governing through inclusion, big ideas of service, things,ce corps or other his big ideas of innovation, the the moon, many of his what he was fighting for in the we'rere important to what looking at in 2017. host: let me share with our one of the iconic
1961.hes from january senator john kennedy was sworn in as president of the united states. >> the trumpet summons us again, arms, a call to bear though arms we need, not as a battle, though embattled the e, but a call to bear burden of a long twilight in and year out, in hope, patient from tr ribulation, against man, tyranny, disease and war itself enemies ge against the a grand and global alliance? north and south, east and west, fruitful ssure a more life for all mankind.
historic?oin in that host: how did the speech come together and why 60 years later reflect what he said? guest: first, one of the most inaugural addresss and one of the shortest. during the transition, he's president-elect, he reached out to many colleagues and asked for brought those together, but the words and deas are john kennedy's and what he believed and he felt the ask not what your country can do you, ask what you can do for your country, he believed by angels of people, something can get done, going to he moon, peace corps and other areas, a speech watched over and over and over again even today. we are this day, reflecting on those who died on the battlefield, in the air and the sea. john f. kennedy and the eternal
flame at arlington national assassinated as november 22, 1963. did the family come together and determine this would be a lasting tribute to kennedy? guest: i think obviously no one was expecting this, people in '63, thinking about re-election campaign. but clearly the family came at differentlooked ize president l kennedy. president johnson in terms of and lation, civil rights others and those things kennedy started lyndon johnson continued did a great job with. there is the living memorial of the kennedy center for the arts, arts is president to the president. e continually show things at the john f. kennedy presidential library museum including new that open third degree weekend. host: yet he was a man that was as we nowt his flaws, know, his own personal life.
ow does that play into the memorialization of president kennedy? guest: we're all human, we all flaws, president kennedy had flaws, as well. do, be try to transparent, when in office, here was annual survey that showed 75% of people trusted government. last year that same survey done puw showed 19%. ore transparency, he had 64 press conferences while in office. so we try to be transparent by files, digitizing them and letting people have raw nformation to make their own judgments. host: this is one of the great would s by historians, vietnam been any different had he lived? been very ould have different. there is debate about the details, but a lot of indication we wouldn't have been in as deeply as long there is a whole, hour talking an about that and evidence behind
it. here are when-ifs in domestic and foreign policies. host: let me share a headline, "washington the post," german chancellor, europe her go it alone based on meeting with president trump at the nato summit last week. onention the german leader, of the more famgs speeches by kennedy was in berlin, he talked west, a divided city, and a divided country. you reflect on the situation and what president kennedy 1960s, ck in the early your thoughts. internationally we had a responsibility, he talked an address of reaching people in foreign countrys and far away cities and 1, lages, talked by march within the first year the peace corp his been established. there have been 225,000 peace corp volunteer 141 countries, he worked on nuclear disarmorment,
conversations with the by doing a joint space exploration, as well. the alliance in south america and so much more. he believed a lot. came because he traveled, traveled when he was a student congressional s career. he understood a lot about the world. host: did he expect the size of saw in berlin when he traveled to west bern i recall? moved by he was so that, june of 1963 speech, he the speech that was written and really threw it an extemporaneous speech. e talked about, we are all in berlin, that was really based on how moved he was by the roughly million people in the square, plus seeing the wall. today, it is part
of symbolism of his legacy, john library has part of the berlin wall in our museum. host: reflecting on john f. because had he lived, he would have been 100 years old born may 29th, 19sdlt 79 in brookline, massachusetts. oined by staeft steeft, dire -- steven rothstein, director of library.f. kennedy guest: the papers are owned by archives, we ial work with them to amplify, share information and coordinate courage award, a few short weeks ago president obama received, civics education and other initiatives with and in close partnership the national archives. host: let me also go back to the same month he traveled to west berlin, he gave rights.h on civil he was assassinated before
president lyndon johnson could civil rights legislation in 1964 and 1965, here is how john kennedy set up the debate. > we are confronted with a moral issue tis oldest scripture american clear as the constitution. the heart of the question is, be her all americans are to afforded equal rights and equal we are ities, whether going to treat fellow americans treated, if in e america because your skin is dark, cannot eat lunch in a open to the public, if he cannot send his children the best public school available, if he cannot vote for the public officials to represent him fhe cannot enjoy which l and free life, all of us want, then who among content, to have the
color of his skin changed and place?n his who among us would be content patience and delay? 00 years of delay have passed, since president lincoln freed heirs, ves, yet their grandsons are not fully free, they are not yet free from the injustice, they are not yet free from social and oppression, and this nation, for all its hopes and it boasts will not be fully free until all citizens are free. host: a televised address, june 11, 1963. that was an ein evolution for president kennedy from his early years in the house; to the white correct? guest: absolutely. absolutely. you know, this was not one of when he was aties member of congress, but he lot.ed and learned a one thing i have great respect
for president kennedy, he did had more facts and really made, as he said, the issuerights issue a moral and really gal vanized a nation, leaders, with amazing reverend king and others, a march on washington. leadingis, today, still the fight in congress and so many others. with the to broaden it first national commission on the women, the first commission looking at intellectual disability and other things. we'rereally believed that better by including more people, diversity.acial host: tommer from rogers city, michigan, good morning. morning, good c-span. thank you for i'm a veteran from john f. served during the cuban missile crisis, the russians world.ing to blowup the i was also involved with james
meredith, ox fared and mississippi, the first black ban oxford, ed to enter mississippi. i was there. i was on the campus. five feet from james meredith at different times, i 101st airborne division. i don't understand why the reflect what he accomplished on the cuban crisis concerning russia. if we didn't trust russia back should we trust russia now? host: thank you for the call. get a response. you for your call and thank you for your service, sounds like you have been important th many issues and our country is better off because of your efforts. that john kennedy, after set ay of pigs, worked to up better communication, he
established the situation room that hadn't been there. hotline and teletype to ussia, he, the daily security briefing, the navy seals, the get beret, he wanted to better information, those were important bay the time we got to crisis, his sile brothers and others kept us from hat could have been a tens of millions of people could have been affected by that. service. for your host: guest is graduate of williams college, boston, rtheastern in talking with steven rothstein, executive director of the j.f.k. foundation, i realize this is a what-if question, as well. the chance to ask president kennedy one question about his years in the white would it be? be a i think it would five-part question, because there wouldn't be just one. terms of thinking about
the impact, you know. ould he have known that today there would be people in peace corps serving all over the country? corps would have led americorp and of other things, this idea service is needed today more than others and what would be his advice. northkingsley, charlotte, carolina, good morning. caller: good morning. what i would like to mention, discussion ute to is -- i was the day kennedy was killed. was at my mother's in nigeria. and hat -- she was crying popular-- he was a very president. -- [indiscernible] -- kennedy
assassinated, my mother was in tears. host: thank you for the call. november 22, 1963. steven rothstein. guest: thank you again for that for that memory. there are people all over the world, as you indicated, that affected on that day. i remember i was in elementary making flags and when i heard this was, i was drawing an american flag when i about this news and stayed glued to the t.v. for the next 3 days. life that was cut shofrt, but even more than the of hope e have a lot and ideas about his ideals and what would have been and so it to all of us to find ways to continue that, think big monshot.ke the when people talk about big ideas today, they refer to it as a moon shot. she brought us the first moon shot. it is our hope we continue those spirits as we celebrate the
anniversary. host: only immediate surviving ember with the death of jacqueline bouvier john f. kennedy junior, caroline ambassador to japan n. this video, she had this to say. kennedy, may e 29th would be my father's 100th birthday. i've thought about him and missed him everyday of my life. rowing up without him was made easier thanks to all the people who kept him in their hearts, inspider them to work and fight and believe in a better world, to give something to this country that has given so much to so many. underneath my ng father's oval office desk when i sitting on his lap, he would points out the white shark and purple shark who boat, i could never quite see them. he said they liked to eat socks would have his friends throw
their socks overboard, which i loved. kennedy inspired a generation that transformed america, march for justice, they peace corps, in the inner cities, in outer space. carried on that work, fighting against poverty, violence and war, championing rights, healthcare and immigration. s my father said in his inaugural address, this work will not be finished in our lifetime. to continue to pass these values on to our fwragrandchildren. video aroline kennedy in put together by the library. carrying on ole in the j.f.k. legacy. guest: she is great. she was in japan for three back, since she's come she's gotten reengaged and just in the last few months, she had been to events at the kennedy center for the arts, kennedy government and the kennedy library and supporting
all of those in the memory of father. host: to robert joining from athens, alabama. morning, thank you for waiting. caller: good morning. you just presented something kennedy that spoke about something that i watched, people in as black the united states, we were so president kennedy and started lincoln, they something that gave us hope. passedlook today as time and we're here today, people are away the ng to take rights of black people. state whereng every republicans control, and i am why, what do g they want to take away the rights of black people? served, i'm a veteran, we served in the military. thank you so much for this presentation today.
we love president kennedy. thank you. alabama, frert athens, thank you. steven rothstein. guest: robert, thank you for the call. are right, something very important to president kennedy, e worked, as the earlier clip talked about, making it a moral issue. in some way we have come a long since 1961, 62, 63, in other go and have more to there is more discrimination, racial injustice, economic to continue e have to work and work on areas both n our neighborhoods, to volunteer activities in the communities and through state, ederal and international legislation. thank you again, robert, for the call. host: can you talk for a moment the relationship between president kennedy and lyndon johnson during the three years white house? guest: first, lyndon johnson was a legislativejust leader in the senate, but to elected. kennedy get i think it is fair to say they
started off not being particularly close, didn't have relationship, it grew over time. a thousand days is a very short president kennedy was in 1036 days. it is not as close as some other presidents and vice presidents. lyndon johnson defsh deserves a lot of credit for continuing nda and the work that john kennedy started, particularly in racial and voting rights acts areas in that work. host: and so much has been kennedy, o robert f. from your perspective, how significant was that to the sne dy prez dense guest: critical. president kennedy had complete bobby kennedy and they knew each other so well for entire lives, that was very important. bobby played a critical role, we what-if, we're
reminded in this sense, and then 47 years senator edward kennedy served in the senate and workingd the legacy and on issues like immigration and equity. 1958, wrote "a nation of immigrants," one of three books he wrote, that book as relevant today. the work that bobby and senator did, are part of the mix, as well as sisters from special olympics and kennedy smith and so many more. host: how many survive of the siblings today? guest: there were nine, jean kennedy smith, the nine of us, a it look courage people at. host: jeffrey from san diego, good morning. morning.good i'm really glad that you are peoplehis show to remind how important kennedy was to not whole r nation, but the world.
on thankful you are putting this presentation. my question is, with the trump administration currently in right now, it seems to me ratcheting back all prot aggress made over so many probably i fear trump more than any kind of isis i ever would. i wonder what you think president kennedy would think of right mp administration now? the: jeffrey, thank you for call. guest: i don't know what he would have thought about donald trump, but he thought it was important to bring people ogether, thinking about immigration, the book he wrote and legislation immigration to civil rights. was important to bring the world together through his work in peace corps. john kennedy on his big un arms to bring down the race, the american university
speech, those areas, he also bring people together from volunteerism, i think he would have taken basic ideas, as well as that of courage, whether pt109 he rage from personally exhibited to when he served in second world war, not people remember he had lost his older brother, the kennedy family themselves are family on this memorial day. it is important to keep that in mind. courage from profile and courage, the book he wrote, people stood how up for their beliefs. he felt that was important, not stay with the wave of the time, you are in office to stand up for core beliefs and help lead. thafrmgs for the call. is a photograph in the "washington post," 43rd and final birthday celebration put together by jackie kennedy onboard the presidential yacht surrounded by family and friends bradley, his
brother edward kennedy, robert was he like to be around from those who remember him? guest: so first, i did not know personally, but from all the people i talked to, he was wit, took his t job, but not himself seriously. water, you e mentioned sequoyah, he found energy in the water. reason the kennedy library is right on the water is because kennedy felt this was fitting tribute to her husband. of time with his kids and loved being with them family. and traveled extensively as younger, when he was younger internationally, obviously running for president he started over the went all place. he took -- did not take himself seriously, took issues seriously and had a great time. also, loved being with family, in hyannis port.
host: how serious were health issues during the white house year? guest: he had health issues throughout his life. ne thing in the museum, rose kennedy, his mom, kept notecards andll the kids immunization on one for jack kennedy, an xample of our transparency, it showed number of things he had, things, , and other on.s and measles early after world war ii and pt109, recover, he had to was given last right twos different times during his life. was very brave and courageous, but he did have pain. from mississippi, good morning. caller: good morning, thanks for show. looking back on america, evil going d an evil future on. if you look at it, you have to you are civil rights,
fighting against a person uncivilized. to do the e we had right thing in america, some assassinated,n get at them. or thrown it goes back to jesus christ, he died for our sins like everybody else sins to another person. think this unjustice, looking forward, wend going have to address locking up evil people f. we don't address that, will continue to have people that holding positions. now today, we've had a black and the he couldn't stop innocent of black, young people in america with their hands up. dim, dim king at a future, sadly, if you look at it rights, for civil freedom, fighting for justice. who are we fighting against? enemy like ight an looking at terrorism, looking around the world and call like saddam ple
hussein and fighting other that wend not realizing have people right here in the united states. i live in mississippi, up under rebel flag, we don't have anyone, even black people in senate or congress addressing the problems. you know, it's like we go steps ds, take two forward and five steps backwards. we're fighting, you know, for again. i don't know, we have a real dim uture dochlt we have any more john f. kennedy's or any other person going to come forward or god to come out of the sky and correct all the wrongs in you, we'll thank get a response. steven rothstein. thing john kennedy thought us, not to be envious, optimistic. during the 1960 campaign, he debate with e nixon, kennedy debate, went to at 2 in y of michigan the morning.
10,000 students were waiting, first time he talked about peace corps and asked students, would you be willing to go abroad and signed up.f students that is a sense of optimism, we progress, we ot of have a long way to go on many issues. involved, is to get get involved, run for school committee or city council, make sure people vote. the last mid-term election in 2014, we had lower turnout from young people than any time in 40 years. one way is to get more people to vote, increase amount of kids have in school on civics and government. there are specific things we can john kennedy k taught us to come together, big things we can do. shot, we knew little about technology at the time and e said by coming together, we can go to the moon, bring a man there and bring him back safely decade.nd of the john kennedy didn't live to see
it, we did do that. mind, that first capsule that went up had less power than iphones or s smartphones do today. with big ideas come together and solve big problems, but only going to work if we all into it.ffort host: final question, how is the library, the foundation reflect this day on the john f. kennedy centennial? uest: we've had a multi day celebration. where saturday we honesored eace corp and president kennedy's legacy, yesterday nasa with an astronaut and space suit engineer. we're doing navy flyover, 3 p.m., again, navy flag within a cape for a viewers people fyour are in boston, we encourage you to come by today or any time in year to see the new exhibit. rothstein, on this what would have been the 100th
that it's the most interdependent age in human history? it is the primary object to have you and your crowd dominate it, or do you want a creative world in which every single person has his or her shot? >> 2017 commencement speeches. speakers include senator cory booker at the university of pennsylvania, vice president mike pence at notre dame, senator tammy duckworth at george washington university, former president though clinton at hobart and william smith colleges, former senator kelly ayotte university of new hampshire, and general joseph done for as in michael's college. tonight at 10:00 p.m. eastern on c-span and c-span.org. c-span, a look at the politics and security of the asia-pacific region. and tensions on the korean peninsula.
live at the international institute for strategic studies at 10:00 eastern on c-span. later in the day, symposium exploring school integrations in brown versus board of education. the landmark 1954 supreme court decision that found state laws establishing separate schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. live coverage from the third of marshall college fund tomorrow at 1:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. ♪ >> c-span, for history unfold daily. created as aan was public service by america's cable television companies. it is brought to you today by your cable or satellite provider. general david perkins, head of the army's training command spoke at the utah council for citizen