tv Student Cam Vignettes Part 2 CSPAN June 3, 2017 11:10pm-12:43am EDT
propaganda stations will not be allowed. 1929 there is a left-wing owned by the wc a foe in .hicago, a labor union coal -- for political purposes they wanted free speech. these are immediately dubbed propaganda stations. they were told be very careful about expressing their opinions. >> sunday night at eight eastern on c-span's q and they -- q and day -- q&a. >> james comey will testify before the senate intelligence committee. c-span3 will have live coverage of the open part of that hearing
at 10 a.m. eastern. you can watch live online at c-span.org or listen live using the free c-span radio app for apple or android devices. >> we going to show you videos inm the top 21 finishers this year's c-span studentcam competition. we are reentering all the first and second prize winners along with the grand prize winner. videosall out of the 150 in this year's competition. there is one grand prize winner. we announced the winners earlier this year, but asked the school year is wrapping up now, we thought it would be a good opportunity to honor those winners once again as a group and congratulate them for their hard work and show the very best
of those students who entered this year's competition. was -- themeeam was your message to washington paid what most important issue for the congress to address in 2017. we are going to ask you call us in a little while with what you think the into that question is -- ty we will show you the grand prize winning video. here is how studentcam works in case you're not familiar. each cheerleader and high school video into create a response to the theme, asking they explore all points of view with the topic they choose.
it means to be five to seven minutes long with some c-span footage. it can be by an individual or three students. the video needs to credit all of or sources in the end credit on a separate works cited list. as far as prizes, we gave out $100,000 in this year's .tudentcam competition the second prize winners received 1500 on -- $1500. our grand prize winning video, $5,000. they also pick up cash prizes they can put -- they can put towards purchases at the schools. this year's winning videos covered quite an array of topics from immigration, gun control, the opioid epidemic and many
other subjects. popular the most topics. were the most popular topics, you will see more in the top 21 finishers we are about to show you. into let's get to the top 21 studentcam 2017 winners, starting with the second place winner. i remind about the 90 minutes from now. theill take your calls on studentcam 2017 theme. what is the most important issue for congress to address? student to k-8 center. she believes cyber security is -- take a look.
>> i used technology everyday as an important part of our lives. what about when websites are off-line or your computer site is down? thesemany situations like ofthey can be the result cyber attacks and your businesses and the u.s. government. important issue by the white house and the future. let's start at the beginning. there are many different techniques. some as simple as sending messages via text or social media. embedded with viruses when you click on them.
this is the only way. software toogical destroy firewalls and governments. this is called a denial of service. to the domainsts or computer, causing it to break down or become unavailable. they overwhelm the software and breakdown. it is same at the much larger scale. thousands of computer send multiple requests to computers and domains, causing the same type of shutdown. hackers also be is by to steal information. our mains one of concerns, securing the data and the system for our businesses.
not just from external but internal goods. there are also risks to protecting that data. even employees decide to do something malicious. 781 were reported according to the dmr report. that between december 2015 and 2016, 50 1% of american adults were reported to have experienced some breach in cyber security. number, especially considering most breaches are not reported to a similar organization. >> there are many potential consequences. money, is impacted by customers, and resources due to information and a on their online presence, because
customers cannot make transactions when their way of doing so is unavailable. >> businesses are relying heavily on their online presence for not only their brand image but for attracting business. something happens to compromise that it can impact the bottom line of the company as well as their professional appearance. scale u.s.h larger government information and plans can be stolen or altered and the overall government function can be great we affected by cyber attacks. >> you have to think of the department of defense. what if some a had the cia or the nsa? if you ask me and looking out into the crystal ball -- that is why cyber security is important. -- andattack him have attack can have destructive
results. no matter what time of cyber attack takes place the american people will always be affected either directly through fishing or as part of the nation through larger bridges in federal or business type security. cyber attacks are dangerous because at a small scale they can put their personal information and identities of the population at risk. informationpardize of the u.s. government and its businesses. it is a very interesting phenomenon. we are multiplying points of interaction. now we talk about the points of interaction being everywhere. we increase the number of places for information. that channel is not secure. increase -- >> major breaches in cyber security can go back --
these countries have been formally accused for major tax against the cyber u.s.. >> you can't protect networks. they are always going to get in. at a federal level president obama has participated in cyber security national action plan, which involves integrating $19 billion to the budget of 2017 to be used toward cyber spending. have software that can identify viruses and as well individual security level. many have devices that can andct harmful code activity. many protecting they separate security of the united states and you still may never know what happens because of the unpredictability. >> that is why we need to project strength to our cyber
offense and cyber defense capabilities. we must ensure cyber security policy to secure our nation from adversarial threats while protecting our nation's freedoms and civil liberties. >> are they really enough to build up the cyber security at all levels? some deal with the aftereffects. while many people can help in their own way by protecting themselves, it is essentially the governments job to protect the nation as a whole. the security of the u.s. should be strong enough to prevent cyber attacks and the american people should be protected by the government. job toage is it is their protect u.s. citizens against cyber attacks so that cyber security is the most important and urgent issue to be addressed in 2017 and beyond.
all of the prize-winning documentaries in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. >> students at eastern and takoma park middle school. they believe gun control is an urgent issue in their documentary. >> we saw it was a very big topic in our current world. we can see this in the 2016 election. there are two clear sides, more or less gun control. also gun control may not seem like a part of your everyday life right now, but slowly it is becoming more and more frequent around the country. to add on the major candidates presidential fortion -- they are either
gun control or completely against it. sidested to explore both of this argument and how president trump can please both sides. >> the pressing question on everyone's mind, more or less of it? we dive into just that and what congress and president donald trump should do. we spoke with multiple experts on guns and why they took that stance. let's get into it. >> to have a number of guns. 200 feet away.
>> the u.s. has the largest amount of guns in the world. >> we have more firearms in america than people. >> a gun owner owns an average of eight guns. >> that is him is like one firearm for every citizen in the united states. -- were 300 72 mass gun shootings in 2017. mass gun shootings in 2017. what does this mean for people who have guns or want to buy?
>> it's a problem we have in maryland. allstate laws are not consistent. it againsty to do governor o'malley. he pushed very hard. people.e over 1300 we met with the nra and the rifle association. webstermet with daniel from john hopkins. most important peas is the handgun license requirement. >> they have closed a lot of .oopholes it is difficult without looking at it.
they can sibley a transfer guns .etween individuals and maryland does a good job of restricting that and making sure common sense was put into place to keep them out of the hands of people who shouldn't have them. >> the 2013 safety act is and what it does. experts nationwide. these are the responses. >> there is some movement at the national level. i don't think they are going to make much of a movement. >> the need to keep guns out of the hands of people shouldn't happen whether it be due to mental illness or ties to
criminal activity. >> it doesn't really address how the gun performs. i think the ban on military assault style weapons misses the point that was attempted. we need to get rid of the military style weapons. >> guns divide the nation and it was one of the biggest issues in the 2016 presidential election, and still is now. the national rifle association joined the -- the experts we interviewed had some very different opinions on gun control. >> i think nra has been an extremely successful lobbying
group. as far as changing the public discourse when it comes to gun theys and gun ownership, have basically been very good at selling people on fear. are inanimate objects, so they are neither good nor bad. like any other inanimate object in the hands of somebody to is good, they are going be used correctly, and somebody , you can be devastating and create terror with all kinds of inanimate objects, not just weapons. you can use planes, pressure cooker's. people are clever and if they are bad and clever they don't need guns to do negative things. spoke on a wide range of ways gun -- >> we would like to
pose a question to president trump and the congress. stop terrorism and mass shootings and yet abide by the second amendment. >> we are confident your collective expertise will be able to -- more control, to beaver not to be, that is the question. thanks for watching. >> to watch all of the prize-winning documentaries in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. charlotte and lisa -- and -- our students at -- their documentary on the gender wage gap, take a look. >> $10,876.
this amount of money could buy 2719 starbucks coffees, eight house -- 8300 62 six chocolate bars, and 75 luxury handbags. buy eightuld also months of rent for a luxury -- buynt area it can buy in gradient for 853 homes for -- it pays for 54 essential doctors visits. this is the average amount money a woman facing a gender wage gap are not receive. the gender wage gap is an age-old issue that men and women have both been a part of the workforce. difference inve the hourly earnings.
the gender wage gap is when women are paid less than men. -- a man one dollar in earns a woman earns $.78. >> [indiscernible] >> in the past the federal government has attempted to make changes regarding the gender wage gap, but none have made a large impact. passed in 2009 come and the paycheck fairness act, passed in 2013 after 18 years of attempting to pass it, are among the movements made by the government. haveu can't [indiscernible]
and i'm not sure if more women's voices need to come for to get equal pay, or if equal pay by the way money is -- and many women are the caretakers of the children. they will likely be at home with there most likely to go back to work. >> the wage gap is not just something that affects women, it affects overall -- is actuallyit employers to decide to pay them. think itf us like to is [indiscernible]
>> i have never had that problem. it exists. >> if something isn't done -- >> research shows the gap. he closed until 2051 at best. shows the gap won't be closed until 2051 at best. if the gap can -- equity will not be achieved until 2159. that is 142 years from now. cluck's conversations about what is important. -- >> having conversations about what is important. i think we have a responsibility. , womene close the gap
making $.80 on the dollar to men, that would take care of poverty. it would save the government so much money. >> the gender wage gap exists. the gap is largest between caucasian men and women at a 24% difference and smallest between hispanic men and women at an 8% difference. the significant gap is more than a statistic. >> financial inequality should not be the reason a mother cannot provide for her family. >> we found that single mothers are specially impacting the gender wage gap. it is money that earns for hire
families. beenes we cover what has done about this issue but what about the future reactor co- after researching and interviewing, there were varying opinions on how to solve this issue. options being federal regulations created by the president and congress, or policy implemented by individual employers. >> over regulations, i believe some of it is culture. >> natural policy would be the best. researchis a growing that policies are what held down wages.
>> a 20% increase. it adds life-changing government -- our president and congress -- gap has yet to be impacted on a national scale. to have people wish national policies regarding gender wage equality. it has become apparent it is difficult to change in society and culture. >> what will our new government to -- government do? watch all the
prize-winning documentaries, visit studentcam.org. -- they believe a heroin and opioid epidemic is an urgent for >> i noticed over the summer that in west virginia 28 people overdosed in the county. then i started getting more and -- more interested in the opioid epidemic. in december. ofworked until the middle march. were working every day in class for 2.5 months.
it was a long time editing. a plan where we wanted it. it took a while. read after the election, that took about three days overall, talking to people. existed.'t know this this is the topic i have pitched four. topic, we each had a right our own individual picked the mud was about the decriminalization of drugs. we kind of combined them.
>> huntington west virginia, a city standing on the edge of rural appalachia. now it is one of the most impressive industrial failures in the u.s.. huntington as a city has always been a bridge between the midwest and east. the railroad ended here. however, things seem to get worse. >> huntington is like a lot of cities in america. at one time they produced a lot of products. industry.hat
>> the job also went away. this depression occurred in the middle of the opiate full crisis. >> there's no question big pharma played a big role in this. when you look at how me addictive substances were virginia and west one of the smallest in the united states. -- people became to -- became addicted to these miracle drugs. >> it's better to say it so you can get help. i literally ran over my husband's arm, broke it.
looked like he got hurt so he could get pain pills. >> the government began to realize the severity of the opioid addiction. they took away jocks like oxycontin. people just look to the next cheapest option for their fix, heroine. while local government and ,arketing played a huge role they also heavily affected the current heroine prices. >> west virginia is such an economy that is based on cold. yearson making $80,000 per all of a sudden loses his job. >> recreational or experimental use of drugs can also cause
addiction. >> i think it started out with marijuana. i'm sure a lot of people can use marijuana and stop. and i had physical back pain. that was the catalyst of an addiction that nearly destroyed her life. >> i couldn't get to quit matter what i would do. >> caused by genetic predisposition to addiction. >> substance use disorder runs in my family. folks are genetically predisposed to have dependency issues. >> the addiction crisis hit a staggering piece. a matter of just over four hours. luckily there were only two deaths.
most believe this was not a normal batch of heroine. mixed overdoses are to be did to the initial -- like fentanyl. someone may bee from, addiction does not discriminate. quach's -- >> i've lost everyone of my friends. >> it has deteriorated huntington itself. poverty runs rampant. you can see a vacant lot. not only can you see it physically, you can see the depression and has left on huntington economically. itossible way to alleviate is abstinence-based treatment. a six to nine month-long program to lead people away from drugs and alcohol.
funding for treatment, we need funding when they get out of treatment. a lot have been trouble -- been in trouble with the police and the law. a waitingeatment has list of over five months, which can be a huge his dreads -- huge hindrance. another possible way to alleviate the crisis is to lock up those who take drugs. this takes alex off the street. do.e know what to they belong in the criminal justice system. there will be rolexes or cars. a well-known fact united states has the highest incarcerated population in the world. >> we are going to have a really extreme penalty if they get caught. what that penalty is is if you to its simplest
terms -- >> there is one thing that is unanimously agree upon. there must be funding put into the alleviation crisis and huntington is beginning to put money in the treatment and mitigation of addiction. >> finally our state is coming together. we have a lot of different organizations and people who are working together to fight this epidemic. the law enforcement people, the police. we have the hospital, the emergency room. schools that we haven't had before. health and funding behind his programs, you can cure the disease and addiction. possibly we can get the attention of our president, donald trump and upcoming legislation. >> to watch all of the
documentaries in this year's competition, visit studentcam.org. michelle quan and dashed our students at franklin high school. their documentary on lgbt there p and conversion is entitled the harm that is transparent. were brainstorming ideas, conversion therapy stuck out as a topic that i thought about for the last couple of years. something it was those pretty well. >> it took two weeks for research. was aroundcumentary a month and a half. >> it is a topic about what people needed to know about, given that sometimes it was
difficult to find information beyond anecdotal evidence. it confirms that this is something people need to know about and we need to be the ones to show people. are 318.9 million people living in the united states. people700 56,000 identify themselves as gays or lesbians, i sexual, transgendered. >> while issues have been receiving more attention in the past decade, not all of the attention has been positive. one of these issues is conversion there a pp. to end theoing harmful practice of conversion therapy. of so-called conversion therapy. it's a topic that came up a lot in the past election and recent years. to experts.
>> you see that in the context of a group therapy. it,ligious backing behind meaning it is converting into a religion. is --ird piece of that therapy. it goes by the belief that there was some kind of disconnect between male and his father or a female and his mother. >> conversion therapy is not about praying away the gay. torture emotional against our most innocent citizens and children. sexual orientation was unlikely to change due to change efforts and the national association of social workers, they cannot or will not change sexual orientation. there is no scientific
evidence whatsoever that conversion therapy is useful or effective. there are no scientific studies that indicate there are any positive benefits. >> change efforts have been around since the 1800s. population report reads that early and were to changetempts sexuality included electroshock, lobotomies and castration. note these techniques are in use by practitioners, conversion therapy at its roots are still harmful. >> parents would sign their kids up to be converted. some team would come in the middle of the night. essentially they would take them off to this camp where they were to be converted. i think the harsh practices that
and dashed a decade their identity weatherby sexual orientation or gender identity, trying to force someone to be something they are not can be incredibly damaging to their individual, toan their relationships with others. and can put additional stresses that will cause harm across the spectrum of their development. it speaks to a larger problem concerning the safety and acceptance of lgbt youth or rather the lack, which has had serious consequences. they arerld in which growing up can often be hostile towards assumptions that people can make. andhether they were older in my age group or younger, they were so uncomfortable with being
gay in their social environment. not 9.9es out of 10, if times out of 10, there is a religious element to this. regardless, there is an overwhelming sense of shame being who you are because of the environment in which you are raised. you are not living up to your best. people who have gone through conversion therapy, they are more suicidal. they tend to have a constant feeling that they feel god. con of like what i went through, there is something always wrong with you. >> highly projected lgbt youth were likely to experience depression, attempts suicide, and be at risk for hiv and std when compared to those who experience little to no rejection.
>> they can be whatever they want to be, they can be a fireman or astronaut. they can also be whoever they want. the opportunity to death find -- to define their own identity. >> of course we as individuals cannot change every environment and every mind. 45% feel their state government isn't accepting of them. feel the same way about their local government. both are meant to protect them and their rights. conversion therapy is illegal in california, oregon, illinois, vermont, new jersey, and washington dc. we ask you our congress and new president to take on the issue
of conversion therapy and band this harmful practice in 2017. and in doing so take a stand against bigotry. no one should feel left behind or forgotten because of who or how they loved and all should feel protected by their government. >> to watch all of the prize-winning documentaries in this years studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. >> today we are showing you the top 21 finishers in this years studentcam competition. middle and high school students submitted the dio's responding to the question what is the most urgent issue for the president and congress to address in 2017? we will continue with those entries and judge the best in a moment.
we will be asking you to reflect on that same question. as you watch more of the thinktcam winners today, about how you may respond to this question as well. we work our way up to the grand prize winner. >> in this years studentcam video documentary competition, middle and high school students have the most urgent issue for the president and congress. our second prize high school winner is from colorado. view cranston is at: academy. he believes several security is an urgent issue in his documentary entitled cyber security in america.
>> the most urgent issue to be addressed is cyber security. as technology advances and information infrastructure becomes more interconnected by the internet, if we are not prepared malicious attacks and social issues will have severe consequences on our society on every level from government to commercial to the individual. last three decades, technology and internet has been fostering potential conflict. photography has transformed into satellite industry. payment methods have gone from cash only to encrypted bank accounts. personal privacy has gone from staying inside to staying off-line. if not addressed it could have that mental impacts on our society. the number of taxes rising, the types of those attacks, and
it impact of those attacks, can impact nationstates, corporations, enterprises, as well as the individual. ubiquitous nature why it is so compelling and urgent. >> cyber security has an a norma's and global impact. in june 2015 the chinese hacked millions of employees personal files. >> 4 million employees and retirees were accessed. you can assume it is everything from name, social security possibly performance ratings, job assignments, a whole range of information. attackshas made cyber to interfere with the 2016 u.s. election. greateste some of the computer minds anywhere in the world. >> cyber attacks are the new generation of warfare.
an infrastructure is at increasing risk of cyber attacks. much of our critical infrastructure, financial systems, health care systems, run-on networks connected to the internet. is a matter of public safety and public health. >> russian coders detected a vermont utility computer which could have maliciously acted on their power grid. threat which will be detrimental to society. clearly an attack on cyber security is increasing work on trade. the potential has to make or break industries. technology has revolutionized business from everything from committee case into commerce. the more reliant placed on technology the more vulnerable to businesses in this avenue.
companies happen copper my spy cyber attacks. these hacks have resulted in customer's personal information such as credit card numbers, the exposure of information and safety threats. cost billions of dollars. >> the criminal world understands that it is lucrative, it is relatively the potentiald and risk associated with conducting the attack is reduced. >> businesses are taking measures to prevent this, such as the payment industry where microchips are placing a magnetic stripe. work still needs to be done. 91% of enterprises are vulnerable to data threats. individual people are the most vulnerable. not only are they most phone or both of their own online presence but at the mercy of corporations and government security. we depend on our devices and aily lives and thus are at
constant risk of the devices used. >> my credit card was minutessed within 20 over $11,000 worth of transactions charged my card. that was really scary. in 2015, $15 billion was stolen from over 13 million people. this is a serious threat to the public. there are security measures that can be used to minimize cyber threats. arehe vulnerabilities absolutely known. those vulnerabilities are out there. staying ahead of the patches. conducting those patches as they come out.
>> is important to make a decision, the obama administration has been taking steps to set this president. >> the bottom line, we want cyber criminals to feel the full force of american justice. >> strengthening the security and resilience of cyberspace has become an important homeland security issue. >> we will be working with the private sector to detect, prevent, defend, deter against attacks, and to recover from disruption and damage. digital infrastructure is going to remain a top national security priority. >> this is good progress which must continue in 2017 with the new government, but as with any issue, there are potential drawbacks to investing in cyber security. first, a more comprehensive cyber defense will require resources which could have been used elsewhere. this new cyber facility regulation will cost companies,
which will then passed on to the consumer. the consumer. another concern is by strengthening our government cyber presence it will put our 4th amendment right at risk. some worry their privacy could be unconstitutional in violated through security measures. also, by training hackers to defend our country and giving them access to sensitive material, it opens the door to possible treachery and treating other situation like edward snowden and 2013. my message to washington is this -- cyber security is the most important issue to be addressed in 2017. because without addressing it our country, commerce, and way of life will be jeopardized by malicious attacks and issues we may not be prepared for. >> to watch all the prize-winning documentaries in the sears studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org.
>> they are students at singapore american school. they believe religious is an urgent issue and there equality documentary "hunting for harmony." take a look. >> to the colonists, america was religious refuge. you need for religious freedom in your setting their faith drove them to the new world. for the pilgrims, the religious liberties were eventually secured upon the founding of the colony they dubbed new england. unfortunately, they -- segregation donned as they made it clear to the puritans they were less than welcome. the puritans fled to massachusetts to create their own haven. but like the programs did to them, they banished roger
williams. he settled in rhode island with his followers. this scenario served as a catalyst for more of his kind. pennsylvania became a haven for the quakers. maryland for the catholics. virginia for the angelic encourage -- anglican church of england. >> it is safe to say america was essentially founded by religion but the irony is clear. these religious groups coveted the underserved freedom to practice their beliefs but condemned those who thought differently than they did. in 1789, the framers the bill of rights decided to directly address the issue. >> the constitution shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion. >> freedom of religion, freedom of expression is again another key belief in the united states. while groups may not get along, they are all entitled to their believes.
>> however, this has been no picnic. religious ideas are being put to the test with issues such as legalization of drugs, abortion, tax abatement and of course, , homosexuality. this is kim davis, the county clerk perrone county, kentucky. she refused to grant a license to a same-sex couple. this video gained international attention in august 2015. >> it was clear that davis' argument was backed up by her first amendment rights. unfortunately these views have only served to instigate religious discrimination. have it chiefly prevalent over the course of this century. >> united states is not that much different when you think about it. the united states was built on diversity. and the practice of religious freedom. but i think that the possibility for learning that the united states could learn from singapore is something that
should be opened up. >> singapore is a small island in southeast asia on which we live and it is known for its diversity. it has four different mileages. when you walk into a food court, you can get authentic food from all of singapore's ethnic groups. it is known for its religious diversity. unlike in america where it has a protestant-christian majority, singapore has a wonderful balance. so, for having all this in mind, how is there still harmony? pres. obama: it is also clear that around the world, freedom of religion is under threat. we see governments indulging in -- engaging in discrimination and violence against faith. sometimes religions are twisted in an attempt to justify hatred persecution against other people , just because of who they are,
how they pray, and who they love. >> going back to the founding is they are not just there to ensure there is not an establishment of religion that might prefer one over another and do something other then welcome the diversity of faith in this country. >> there has been tension between christianity, between islam and judaism for thousands of years. we like every country must be vigilant in protecting the rights of the religious minorities and building a society in which people of all inths and people of no faith it together open and peacefully. >> what are these solutions? >> in singapore, there is a act where ifmony
someone insights religious hostility will get punished. in america there has been several proposals. >> the first amendment is a proposal to prevent discrimination based on person religion. >> there is a possibility congress could provide a -- combine both, like a religious liberty bill in utah that such a protect lgbt rights while allowing refusal of services. >> the federal government says where invested in this. at the state level, what a state like new york be willing to do that? maybe. what a state like alabama he willing to do the same? >> unfortunate but i don't think that it is achievable because i don't believe americans are willing to sacrifice their right to express themselves.
>> i think the government should play a role. >> i don't necessarily think it's a legislative thing. it has to do with people communicating. >> and then find ways to reach out to communities. promote ways for religious harmony. >> communities with different groups are more willing to sit down and learn about each other, i think that would go a long way. >> so, dear congress and president-elect. >> religious equality needs to be addressed as it is dividing a country. nothing will be different. >> but it will get us closer to be safe haven the pilgrims and quakers, catholics, anglicans envisioned. >> one thing that needs to be and can be achieved. >> harmony. >> harmony. >> harmony. >> to watch all the prize-winning documentaries in the sears studentcam
competition, visit studentcam.org. >> she's a student at the metropolitan arts institute. her documentary on education and teacher retention is entitled "a heart for teaching." take a look. >> education is the topic for my documentary because my mom is a teacher and my best friend is in the video and is currently studying to be a teacher and doing his own student teaching. i wask it is nice to know able to make a small impact and i was able to talk about something that affects people very close to me. and being able to see how happy they are that this is what i chose and what i have been talking about.
the one thing i think the president and congress can do to improve our education system is focused on our teachers. their preparation their , development, and ensuring that in the classrooms and their tools they have the proper support systems to be successful. ♪ >> we are facing a crisis where we see really high levels of teachers who are living the -- leaving the profession in the first five years. we are seeing actually lower numbers of young people who want to become teachers. i think that there are probably a couple of reasons for that. one is it has not been an easy profession in recent years.
with the recession and lack of resources going to schools. a lot of changing policies across the country. i think that without adequate support and adequate opportunities for learning and growing, it is hard for someone to want to stay in the environment. >> it is about the fact that a teacher walks into a school and do not feel supported. they do not feel that the administration is behind them, that they have their back, that they are going to bat for them with parents, with the community. teaching is really, really hard if you do not have that support system. >> when you look at the education teachers have to go through and training and the amount of hours they spend pouring into these kids why, i really don't believe we compensate them adequately.
they should at least be compensated commensurate to what comparable professions are paid. ♪ >> teachers are the most important factor within schools. determining whether kids will do well, whether they get ahead. if you want to have a good quality workforce, you need to pay them. things like expecting teachers to pay for their own master's degree, or own professional to test development or own , resources for furthering their learning. we tend to put that back on the educator rather than the institution supporting them. >> [indiscernible] [speaking spanish]
>> in many cases, especially with the lack of resources across the nation, in recent years, they have to have 35 students, all with different reading levels, they of students with different across the board. often times it is just that one teacher with no help trying to somehow meet the needs of all these kids. that is setting them up to fail. ♪
>> what we are thinking about doing in this era of shortages is not just reacting reflexively to getting warm bodies into classrooms, but in fact to put in place a pathway to solve the problems once and for all. >> something that can be done to make things better for teachers is giving them the opportunities to have a support system. if you have troubles of classroom management, we need to help you find a solution with professional developer to help you manage your classroom better. that will make your teaching practice better. not only for you, but for your students, better for the parents, better for fellow teachers. >> some promise of reprieve from student loan debt, if you show us you are committed to public education, committed to being an educator we will back you up. ,i think we should take care of them on the front and entrust them that the only aircraft and make viable pathways for people
that want to be teachers and are committed to the profession have a heart for teaching. >> another area of focus is the teacher preparation. when the teacher walks out of a college or teacher preparation program, they need to know how things, they need to know how to use those things. focus on improving teacher preparation programs, making them rigorous and making sure evil -- to teachers are supported in the learning process in the art of teaching and the science of teaching. it is absolutely vital. [speaking in spanish] >> to watch all of the
prize-winning documentary in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. >> she's a student in royal oak's high school. she believes criminal justice and mandatory minimum sentencing is an urgent issue in her documentary entitled "incarceration nation." take a look. >> we the highest incarceration rate in the world. we're above russia and cuba and belarus and cause expand -- kazakhstan, and our prison population has ballooned seven fold over the past 30, 40 years and the population has only gone by 15% why is that? >> i am an ex-offender. i spent three years, four months, 22 days and 20 hours and 17 minutes incarcerated. >> i spent 10 years for stealing a pair of gym shoes.
retail fraud is what they called it. >> it is kind of like a hell hole. >> i never want to go back to prison again in my life. i starved for 14 days at a time 3 times. they didn't feed me for 14 days 3 times. why are you so skinny and small? i did not get meals. >> it is a consequence, in significant ways, of what has been called the war on drugs, to exploit what was a widespread perceived fear of the impact of narcotics, and this war on drugs was in many ways racialized. >> the laws were targeted frankly low-level street dealers and mainly from the african-american community in inner cities. >> professor michelle alexander wrote a book called "the new jim crow" and suggested that the number of people incarcerated,
particularly african-americans, was so high that it seemed to suggest that some kind of unfair discrimination was going on in our criminal justice system. >> racial minorities in this country are still racial minorities. if you look at their percentage of representation in the general society and compare that with the percentage of their representation in the prison population, it's always substantially higher. >> the standpoint of a judge, you're always trying to apply the law. and that's our job and our responsibility. and so we can't just change the law or not follow the law, simply because of a particular social study that occurs. now, that doesn't mean that we can't consider the need to impose sentences that are fair. >> mandatory minimum sentencing started when congress passed the
bogs act of 1951 which put a mandatory sentence on a part-time cannabis offender offense. the reform act was passed in 1984, which was intended to continue consistency in federal sentencing. >> they had what you call mandatory minimum sentences. and that means a sentence that must be a certain amount of incarceration time. >> the increasing use of statutes with mandatory minimums has contributed to the number of people in prison. >> they never provided the resources or the service. they always were more interested in locking up and throwing away the key than they have in running an efficient justice system. trump has said he's going to get tough on crime. so if he does that, there's going to be a complete reversal in the next year or two from decreasing the number of people incarcerated in the united
states. maybe another increase of going higher and we have. at one point we had 2.1 million people under some type of criminal justice sanction. >> when you take away a judge's ability to make those kinds of decisions, then what you do is you have a one size fits all punishment that really doesn't fit everyone at all. >> for the sentencing judge not to be able to really synthesize all of that i think is frankly an injustice. >> the u.s. makes up 5% of the world's population but 25% of the world's prison population. we have more than people living on prisons than on college campuses. now that we've identified mass incarceration as a problem, what is the solution? >> some proposed legislation
that was going to really look at mandatory minimums, but that legislation has kind of died on the floor. i think that would have been a start. >> one of the things which we're advocating is something called presumptive parole. presumptive parole is the idea that once a person has been sentenced, that it is presumed when they become eligible for parole, that they are eligible for parole and that, you know, the only thing that would keep them imprisoned is some behavior while they were incarcerated or some other factors which are extreme which make it clear that they should remain behind bars. >> i didn't know how to use a cell phone. my first cell phone i got in 2004 when i came home from prison. you know, email. there was a lot of things for
people who have been in prison for a long time. so we need to bring those things inside, and be like an in reach, encourage individuals who want to get their high school diplomas, want to get their associate's degrees, want to stay out of trouble. but we must as a society determine when the punishment must stop. the parole boards, we're really to come home. we should accept them home and open up the door and give them that same opportunity to succeed. >> they were taking inmates out -- downtown to jackson community college at 11:00 at night and bringing them back at 4:00 that night. teaching like welding, electrician, teaching them building trades, stuff like that. they eliminated these programs. you had programs that would help people when they left prison to get good jobs and the state just
, eliminated them all. if you ever want to break the cycle of going back to prison, you have to give them something while in prison. you have an opportunity to educate them. they have no other choice in here but to do these things. take advantage of it. use it. >> watch all of the prize-winning documentaries in this year's student cam competition, visit studentcam.org. t studentcam video here on c-span. ♪ students at grimes community high school. their documentary on energy production and independence is entitled " "powerhouse of the prairie." >> we got together at the beginning of the project and decided that with iowa being the renewable energy capital of the world it would be easy for us to
find information on the topic , work with great people and make a wonderful video. >> we spent about two weeks during study hall calling people, emailing people for interviews, we spent saturdays and fridays of going and doing the interviews. we spent a couple of weeks researching and spent the entire day on saturday going around iowa and getting footage. ♪
♪ ♪ i've got the power ♪ >> my name is zach. >> i am tyler and we have a message for watching and. >> we have been researching and writing everything there is to know about american energy. >> we have talked to multiple ceo's of energy groups in iowa a , multitude of people about accepted knowledge on energy in the united states. >> our message to washington is that we need to create more energy more efficiently, especially when it comes to renewable energy sources. iowa does a great job at that so we hope other states can patter their energy off of what we have done here. let's go. >> it all starts with energy policy. >> 2020, if we produce our energy in the united states we will surpass saudi arabia. >> your solar and biomass resources.
>> the nation has doubled the potential of renewable energy like wind and social. -- solar. >> creating jobs and making america more energy secure. >> and we will make america the clean energy superpower of the 21st century. >> iowa has taken great strides in recent years. an energy production, especially with your energy. >> wind power, solar, and ethanol. i left has created a foothold for renewable sources of today. >> in iowa we have the advantage today where we have renewable energy so companies like microsoft and google and facebook have chosen to put data centers in iowa because they are big energy users and they want to be able to tell their customers and investors that it is renewable energy being used. >> allowed us to distinguish ourselves in iowa as being a real leader in research and development, kind of pushing beyond. we call ourselves the silicon prairie of the midwest.
>> we sit in the geographic center of the united states. it really provides us the opportunity to move energy of all types throughout the country. >> in business the definition energy is the ability to create work. in the united states we have the opportunity to create work. especially here in iowa. >> the energy industry is full of opportunity, especially for women. a lot of people do not recognize how many opportunities there are. it is a great opportunity to get involved if you like the science and technology aspect. there is also marketing, commerce, information technology, logistics, a wide range of opportunity. >> what i do is i work as a developer meaning i come in and , consult with engineering studies and environmental studies, do the permitting, so there is a slew of job opportunities there. in terms of engineering, you can
engineer the design of a facility. we have a lot of environmentalists to do environmental studies. >> 7000 jobs created to have that direct relationship, i think we will continue to see that build out as we continue to increase the percentage of electricity generated. it is modern wind farms were created in the 1980's in california. >> they have found a home in iowa, the wind capital of the world. what would be the largest wind farm ever constructed to date, about 2000 megawatts here in iowa. >> more energy is generated from wind than any other state, 31%. mid-american energy has announced the project, a $1 billion investment.
we will be over 40% renewable by the year 2020. >> rural energy has made a big impact on the auto industry. of all fuel used in the united states is ethanol -- and . it it can cut costs on oil imports and allow us to protect ourselves from having to rely on international oil. >> we are seeing more and more renewables being brought onto the scene. from gas to ethanol and biodiesel. >> i want to make sure that being energy dependent is a national security issue. what if something awful were to happen around the world in countries that we are dependent on for our energy needs? if something went wrong overseas , we would have a real problem, so being energy independent helps our national security. >> we lead the nation in ethanol
and biodiesel. we are a supporter of ethanol and continue to look for biodiesel and ethanol plans. >> the future of renewable energy is bright as new energies like solar come into play every day. >> on an annual basis, having the sun to power those panels, we are actually right up there with whi hawaii, believe it or , not quite as warm here in iowa , but we have great potential. >> power, like the wind, it will change. costs will come down. there is discussion that there is potentially going to be a way to store solar energy. in battery banks. >> we have to be embedded in it, competitive. that means looking for ways to improve the efficiency and reduce the cost. iowa has done that. i have seen dramatic improvement
made over the time i have been governor. i am proud of the accomplishments we have made but i think the future will be even brighter. >> we hope you are energized about our message. >> iowa is the leader, but we know all the other states will .ollow in suit bi >> why is the camera blinking? >> wait, i forgot to charge it. >> to watch all of the prize-winning documentaries in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. ♪ today on c-span, we are taking you through the top 21 finishers in the 2017 c-span studentcam competition, showing you all of the second-place winners today. there are a number of those commit 16 to be exact.
four first-place winners and a grand prize winner. e will take a 10 minute pause here and open up our phone lines and give you a chance to get in on the theme. what do you think the response should be to this year's studentcam theme? what is the most urgent issue for the president and congress to address in 2017? numbers on your screen. if you're a republican, .02-748-8001 democrats, 202-748-800920. all others, 202-748-8009. 22. videos get back to those in just a few moments. first, let's talk to the weasel in california on the line for republicans. -- let's talk to luis.
caller: the biggest problem is money in politics. host: why is that? caller: it seems like it affects our state. host: thank you for calling. louis.alk to joy in st. what is your response to our studentcam theme for this year? caller: the most important issue debt. national host: why is that? caller: how about the interest on the debt? when is it going to be paid? some other country coming in and taking is over ? that ise'll them taking us over because we owe them? host: roy in florida on the republican line. caller: the most important thing for all of us is honesty.
that's all i have to say. you have to be honest on everything. if you're not honest, you're in trouble. host: more videos coming up in a few minutes, dealing with child labor, environment will protections, gun control, energy, homelessness. commentsof facebook have come in on the topic of what you think the most urgent issue is for the president and congress. brenda writing on facebook -- matalin posts on facebook -- madelyn posts on facebook -- more phone calls now.
new york, like democrats. renee is joining us. caller: the most important issue is education. for a lack ofsh knowledge. can that'sion, you without education, you get high numbers of incarceration. you can compete in technology and all the other professions and it would help us to excel. people who are aware of the issues and educated on issues can do something about them. host: another democratic caller in new york. anthony. caller: thank you for the opportunity. pose this as a matter of importance to congress and the president and the producers at c-span.
it is nuclear power and nuclear waste and the lack of place to store it. winnershe studentcam are high school students just one had nuclear power. -- one yearer later, we lose those three reactors in japan. that is a stellar important and ther the presidency fine people at c-span to perhaps th bring this topic to light. the nuclear reactors will take its toll -- nuclear waste has no place here. videosne of the winning you will see shortly is on the
transition to clean energy. that should be coming up around 3:45 eastern time as we continue to make our way through this year's top 21 finishers in the 2017 studentcam competition. some interesting statistics about studentcam itself and how many middle and high school students have entered the competition. this year, 2903 entries in total. we received videos from students in 46 states and washington, d.c. and several from outside the country in the united kingdom, germany, singapore and taiwan. 783 high school is represented. -- high schoolers represented. the number one state was florida. number two california. michigan came in fourth.
missouri was number five with 153 entries. a couple more calls here. kirby in turner, oregon. caller: i want to talk to them they act like they are trying to cover up the thread of isis. i want to expose it and blow it out of the water. it's more local than they realize. they are trying to tell us that it's not. i have actual physical evidence it exists in oregon. -- last night, putin said you guys have to quit using those terrorists. even he knows something is going on. host: we are asking our colors
to respond to the same question studentcam entries reflected on -- what should the president and congress do, what is the most urgent issue for them to address this year? thomas is on the line from new york on the republican line. go ahead. caller: i'm in arizona visiting my granddaughter. the sanctuary city stuff, this has to stop. it's a haven for criminals. how does the government allow these people to get there? it seems everything is forgotten once they are there and they cannot be prosecuted. we have a tremendous problem with immigration. take this as a major threat.
there's all these ultra-liberals that condone this. it's ridiculous. host: a couple more facebook comments about the issue. what should congress and the president take up most urgently in 2017? tim posts on facebook -- judy writes -- one or two more calls before we go back to student videos. judy in washington state. line for independents. caller: i think it's pretty hard to try to have one issue because they are also connected. that's all so connected.
if there's one thing we can do to connect a lot of the dots is to build out our infrastructure. that would provide jobs and economy and save lives. we need to have clean energy jobs. doing things like electric --ins for infrastructure there's all kinds of new technologies coming out. connect the dots. host: jordan in louisiana. last color for this go round. -- last caller for this go-round. caller: the national debt is something that needs to be taken care of. host: short and sweet. we are halfway through the top 21 studentcam winners. we are showing