tv Australian Foreign Minister on U.S.- Asia- Pacific Relations CSPAN July 31, 2017 12:01am-12:25am EDT
way that it is. if you are a criminal and you can build a back back to intercept information and leave , that is soewhere much more low risk than trying to rob a bank. >> the british parliament is in recess, so prime minister's questions will not be seen tonight. instead we will show you remarks from australian foreign minister julie bishop spoke about u.s. policy and the asia-pacific region under the trump administration. this was in melbourne, australia. among the topics, climate change and trade. this is 20 minutes. and trade. this is 20 minutes.
>> >> what a pleasure it is to be back here in melbourne. today provides to share views on the trump administration in the united states, and its engagement with the end of pacific region, or as the organizers have coined my speech, "trump and asia." it is one of the most important foreign policy considerations for some time as the united states matters to australia, to our region and to the world. since the end of the second world war, including the war in the pacific, the united states has been the instigator, promoter and the guarantor of what we call the world order. this order has underpinned international law and has defined the way states should
behave in general and towards each other. this has embraced globalization, economic integration, human rights and free and open societies. it has not always been universally applied or in force. nonetheless, the united states has been the reference point as the most powerful economy, with the greatest military capability and the only nation with the values, interests, global alliances, and thus, the ability to uphold and defend the
international order. because the order exists and because the united states has been prepared to enforce it, that we have had relative peace and stability in our region. this has enabled hundreds of millions of people to be lifted out of poverty driven by access to global markets. our region has undoubtedly been the major beneficiary of united states leadership as we have witnessed this shift of global economic power from the west to the east. with the rise of china as an economic powerhouse, and india, japan and other asian economies, ours is the fastest-growing and most dynamic in the world today. there could be no complacency. the international world space order is under pressure. there are signs of weakening confidence as strings of anti-globalization, economic nationalism has emerged. brexit and the emergent of political parties and candidates in democratic elections advocate a return to a bygone era of protectionist and isolationist policies have caused local anxiety. the election of president donald trump raised concerns as to whether our international order
would continue to be the bedrock for peace, stability and prosperity. this morning i will describe how the us trying government has engaged with the trump administration, our relationship with the united states and the affect on how the trump administration's policies affect asia. while there is an almost universal focus, some may say, and up session with the president's twitter account. it has proven to be the most effective means of instantaneous communications. we have been focusing on what the president and his administration have been doing. we analyze and respond to decisions and actions. the fact that the president campaigned upon and has restated in office in american first
policy. if this means he intends to focus on the united states as an overriding policy, it is highly surprising given the world leader should say there priorities is direct and the national interests of their citizens. the concerns comes from conjecture as to what this means for u.s. leadership in terms of support for and enforcement of the international world space order. will there be in interventionist isolationist foreign policy. we would determine to find out. from the outfit the australian government was preparing to engage with and shape the thinking of the new administration.
our comprehensive incoming brief in the lead up to the presidential election, detailing the policy of both candidate trump and candidate clinton. this was when the polls and media were predicting an easy clinton win. we needed to actively and constructively engage with whomever the american people elected as their president. this is what the government has been doing. the prime minister has met with president trump in new york and at the g20 meeting in hamburg. i meet with and speak to, and text with secretary of state rex tillerson regularly. i have met with vice president mike pence and defense secretary jim mattis on a regular basis, and with mcmaster and the investor haley. my colleagues have likewise been in regular communications with a counterpart in the trump cabinet. through this high-level contacts, we have established and will continue to develop wrong interpersonal relationships with the new
administration. commence europe with our partnership. australia's values and interests aligns more closely with those of the united states been virtually any other nation. while the bilateral relationship is mutually beneficial, america's global leadership remains firmly in australia's national interest. we are working to ensure the new administration is fully aware of the importance of our alliance, and of course, it's a broader global leadership role. in prosecuting australia's foreign policy, we must balance the need to pursue our interest and promote our values. they are generally reinforcing, although it can lead to tensions at time. our interests are in open markets and free trade. prosperity, security and
stability. values of those of a fairly entrenched in progress he with an unshakable belief of law and law, and democratic institutions. we promote and protect our reputation as an open, liberal democracy with an open market economy. free people, free markets. we do not presume to lecture others about our values, although, we are an example of what our values can offer. we are the most successful multicultural nation on earth with 45% of our population born overseas, or at least one parent born overseas. we are the 13th largest economy. 53rd in terms of population. we have set a world record with 26 continuous years of economic growth. we are a positive contributor to the world space order. our voice is heard. encouraging territorial disputes
to be peacefully resolved through negotiations. and under frameworks. the values we share with the united states include our commitment to freedom and democracy, individual rights and economic opportunity. these are values that president trump has articulated. most recently, in his war source speech. these shared values and interest continued to form the basis for us trillions during relationship with the united states. the united states is arguably our most important economic partner. it is by far our largest source of investment, coupled with our second-largest trading partner after china. the united states has been our major alliance partner since 1951, although we have been alongside the united states in every major conflict over the past 100 years. currently we are partnering with the united states in the fight against terrorist and extremist in iraq, syria, afghanistan and
the philippines. u.s. leadership has been -- military and security operations worldwide. australian leadership has been important in timor-leste, where we have demonstrated our ability to contribute to regional security for the benefit of other nations. against this background, and in this context, to my mind, there has been no diminution in the united states engagement or commitment to our region. it continues to build regional capacity through development assistance in maritime security, counterterrorism and intelligence sharing. this could also be evident by the number of frequency of high-level visits to our region by senior u.s. cabinet members. there have been visits from our region to united states to make president trump -- the president has emphasized personal rapport with world leaders. i met with the prime minister in new delhi and he spoke of the warmth of his recent meeting with the president and he is
confident in his strategic and economic partnership between india and the united states. the presidents meeting with president xi jinping, among others. the president said he will attend the east asia summit in the philippines, including a u.s. leaders summit, and the aipac meeting in vietnam. along with personal assurance to leaders, this announcement sends a powerful message that do united states intends to remain the cornerstone to peace and stability in our region. i have not seen signs that the interest of the united states and our region is any less committed been past administrations. while we have the closest of relationships to the united states, there are two policy areas we differ.
this is also reflected in the region. we were disappointed by the presidents decision to withdraw from the transpacific partnership, in agreement between 12 nation's back cover 40% of the global economy. president trump took the views that the tpp was not in the direct national interest of the united states. it should be noted that this was a policy position adopted by both presidential candidates, it indeed, most nominees. australia respectfully disagrees with that position. it comes down to an interpretation of national interests that we feel is too narrow. the tpp was about more than trade. it was also an expression of the close engagement with the region and the strategic leadership of the united states.
australia remain supportive of the tpp principles who will continue to strive for high quality trade agreement, which in this case has set a new benchmark for trading rules. we believe there are many benefits for the remaining 11 countries and we continue to discuss future options. our views are well known in washington. we are assured that the united states will continue to negotiate free-trade, but with better outcomes. the u.s. withdraws from tpp also means the regional comprehensive economic partnership takes on greater importance in regional trade negotiations. our perspectives also different in relations to climate change. the g20 meeting in hamburg resulting in a new affirmation from 19 of the world's leading up economies of the central commitment made through the paris agreement. all 19 nations, including australia believe the paris agreement is a solid basis on which to make progress in reducing the impact of global greenhouse gas emissions.
president trump's announcement that the united states will withdraw from the agreement was disappointing. given that the u.s. would meet its commitments. the withdrawal was more than symbolic. the united states is one of the largest carbon emissions. the fact that it has rejected international cooperation, with 197 nations signing the paris agreements, with 153 benefit case in's sends a negative message to many other nations. while these decisions give succor to the isolation theory, or the view that it is waning, i do not subscribe to other. the relative economic and military power of the united states and other powers have shifted in recent years. the fact is, the united states remains the dominant world power on virtually all measures. in my discussions with senior
members of the trump administration, it is clear that they are well aware of the importance of continuing economic growth in this region to the world economy at large. peace and prosperity, and a system of international rules by which both can be maintained. our intention is to prosper. this is clearly in the national interest of the united states. much of the economic growth in our region is driven by the united states as an engine of innovation. a provider of the main reserve currency, and with the deepest of financial markets.
such dominance will not be challenged, regardless of gdp. america's trade relations with china has grown dramatically over the last decade. understandably, the region is watching closely to see how the relationship evolves under the trump administration. during the election campaign, president trump made strong statements about the u.s./china trade imbalance. it remains to be seen how he intends to respond, in terms of policy decisions. australia has urged for any differences to be resolved, as no one's interests would be served by any form of trade conflict. our productivity commission has published a paper on the cost of protection as terror increases and border taxes. including various trade war scenarios. at one extreme of the trade war scenario, the research shows, global gdp falling by nearly 3%. ultimately leading to a worldwide recession. the commission's recommendation outlined what the government's policy of pursuing a trade agenda, advocating the liberalized trade and resisting protectionism. these are all policy positions we continue to put to the united states.
of course the united states is deeply indebted in economic terms in our region, china, india, japan. in the past decade, u.s. goods and services exports to countries have almost doubled, putting avion almost on par with japan as a major u.s. trade destination. it is interesting to note that individual american states have healthy trading relationships in their region. indonesia is wyoming's third largest trade parting. pennsylvania has trade represented in indonesia and singapore. south carolina's exports have more than doubled since 2012. around 42,000 u.s. companies export directly or indirectly supporting almost 550,000 jobs. investment flows between the united states have also been
growing sick if the gimli in recent years. since 2004, investment has grown 9% a year, while the investment in the united states grew at 28% annually, on average. it is deep, complex and multifaceted as are australia's ties. the trump administration is also reaching out to the region to solve potential conflicts and tensions that exist on the south china sea, while not taking sides on the maritime claims. the united states has urged peaceful negotiations and respect for the rule of law. united states has advocated the right of all nations to freedom and navigations into international waters. it has maintained its long-standing program globally and in our region. the trump administration is focused on north korea as one of its highest priorities. the dprk represents a profound threat to the stability and peace to the region today.
a continues to some its nose at the united nations security council. the past resolution of testing ballistic missiles. it is -- that the five of the security council take all possible steps to send a message to north korea that it must hold its illegal behavior and focus on improving the welfare of its impoverished and long-suffering people. the trump administration is irving china to play a more construct of role in the pursuit of an enduring peace on the korean peninsula. the international landscape is uncertain. there are evident shifts in power between states, and the scale in terms of technological advances is disturbing how be living communicate. the government is working on a policy. the white paper will provide a framework to guide the decisions of policymakers in charging a course through what we expect
will be a more competitive international environment over the next decade. in that context, u.s. leadership is as important now as it has been at any time since the end of the second world war. there is no doubt in my mind, that it is in australia's national interest, as it is in the national interest in all indo pacific nations for the united states to retain a strong commitment to this region. it is an indispensable power in promoting and upholding the international order, were smaller states have the same rights as greater power. it is the interest to work closely with the administration to help shape its thinking and encourage its deep commitment to our region. the work and australia's interests and those in the united states, and to the region and the wider world. such is my optimism.
thank you. [applause] ♪ thehey look tomorrow at risk of lone wolf terrorism and how to combat the threat. we have a live monday on c-span. the american conservative institute hosts the discussion on ways to encourage robust urban development and u.s. cities and towns. that is at 5:30 p.m. eastern. >> we have been on the road meeting the winners of the documentary competition. in east london connecticut jack mcdonald and kyle and victoria were handed $1500 for the documentary on environmental justice. winnerse mention
received $250 for their documentary on health care. concord, massachusetts to hand out a second price to students won the second place prize of $1500 for their documentary on the wage gap. in massachusetts, students from north hampton high one and honorable mention prize of 200 $50 for the documentary on century cities and immigration reform . massachusetts, they received an honorable mention prize of $250 for the documentary on the opioid epidemic. thank you to all the students who took part in the 2017 competition. to watch any of the videos go to studentcam.org