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tv   U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives  CSPAN  March 7, 2018 10:00am-10:33am EST

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are in h the rooms they and make sure nobody is tampering with the machines. hollan michele reagan, secretary of state in arizona, joins us in "50 ix on the c-span capitals tour." we want to thank our partners in phoenix, cox communications, next stap is sacramento, california. representativesf is in session. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. lays before the house a communication from the speaker. the clerk: the speaker's rooms, washington, d.c. lays before th a communication march 7, 2018. i hereby appoint the honorable roger w. marshall to act as speaker pro tempore on this day. signed, paul d. ryan, speaker of the house of representatives. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the order of the house of january , 2018, the chair will now recognize members from lists submitted by the majority and minority leaders for morning hour debate. the chair will alternate recognition between the parties. all time shall be equally
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allocated between the parties and in no event shall debate continue beyond 11:50 a.m. each member other than the majority and minority leaders and minority whip shall be limited to five minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from california, mr. mcclintock, for five minutes. mr. speaker, the great 19th century economist pose add simple question that we need to think about carefully as we consider tariffs and trade wars. what is better? abundance or scarcity? the answer might seem self-evident, but protectionists down through history just don't seem to grasp it. suppose widgets cost $1 in canada but $2 in america? that means you can buy twice as many canadian widgets by importing them. that's called abundance. but some say that's not fair. we need to slap a dollar tariff
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on canadian widgets to level the playing field. we can only ns afford to buy half as many. there is no more perfect way to turn abundance into scarcity than by we can only afford to buy half as many. lev imports. that is a -- levying a tariff on imports. by slapping a tariff on foreign steel imports, the amount of steel americans can afford will diminish as the price rises. so, too, the price of everything we make from steel, from cans to cars. we're told this is necessary to ave american steel jobs. it would be told that what we cannot see is just as important as what we can. we see the american steel jobs the tariff has saved by blocking foreign competition. what we don't see as clearly are the jobs that disappear in every american industry that uses steel as their prices rise and demand for their products
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falls. remember, every producer in a society is also a consumer. no consumer benefits from higher prices and no producer benefits from scarcer materials. every country that has tried protectionism has suffered terribly, including ours. thomas jefferson thought high tariffs could fund the government and promote domestic manufacturing. that cost a devastating recession that nearly destroyed our fledgling economy. herber hoover responded to the recession of 1929 with the smoot-hallly tariff act. it didn't end well. trade is simply the exchange of goods and both parties have to benefit from the trade or just doesn't happen. if i pay you $1 for a cup can of coffee, i'm telling you that your coffee is worth more to me than my dollar. and you're telling me that my dollar is worth more to you than your cup of coffee. when we make that exchange, we
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both take away something of greater value than we had. but what happens if we slap a dollar tariff on that cup of coffee? only two possible things. i'm either going to buy less coffee, or i'm going to buy less of other things to afford the tariff. neither is good for the economy. true, some governments subsidize their exports and that puts our producers at a great disadvantage. in effect these governments are picking up part of the tab for the stuff that we buy. as milton friedman observed, that's simply foreign aid to american factories and consumers, paid for by the unfortunate taxpayers in the exporting countries. the appropriate response for us is to say, thank you. yes, that hurts the 140,000 american jobs that produce steel. but the other 6.5 million americans who manufacture products using steel can make more of their products causing their producers to hire more
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workers and to pay them more. jobs will disapare in the steel mills, but they will reappear as better jobs in industries that can now obtain more steel at lower prices. what would happen if we had a war? that was answered 150 years ago. trade by its very nature is a reciprocal dependence. we cannot defend on the foreigner unless the foreigner depends on us. if war clouds should gather between canada our biggest supplier of steel and the united states, we might face the prospect of losing their steel, but canada would lose all of the american resources and products that their steel exports buy. trade reduces the risk of war because it increases the value of peace. it was marveled how much we spend to build ports and harbors, railroads and highways all for the sole purpose of surmounting the obstacles to trade that nature has created. what sense does it make to
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erect artificial barriers to replace the natural ones we have overcome? by that same token, president trump has set the stage for rapid economic expansion by reducing the tax and regulatory burdens that were crushing our economy and the economy is responding. what sense does it make to ruin that progress by replacing the taxes and regulations we have shed with new ones? i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from illinois, mr. gutierrez, for five minutes. yesterday i talked about immigrants donald trump doesn't really care for. like the dreamers who were raised in the united states and now vulnerable to deportation. then there are the refugees from war and religious persecution, doesn't care for them, either. let's see there are the people from el salvador, haiti, or ter catcht the people from shithole countries. doesn't want them coming here
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legally, either. trump prefers immigrants from snow-hole countries like norway. yep, take a look at the winter olympics leader board of the countries that won medals that is a good list of who trump wants to have here. norway. check. canada, great. netherlands, ok. we better add russia true. president trump has been blocking any type of immigrant legislation because he will only protect dreamers from deportation if he can eliminate whole categories of legal imgrakes. specific lith programs filled with people who want to come to the united states legally from asia, africa, and latin america. he's especially opposed to diverse knit our immigration system and among the programs he insists we eliminate is the one most often used by immigrants from africa. so, trump's immigration approach is simple. if you're white, you're all right. if you're brown, you're a little lower down.
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and if you're black, just go back. the other group of people trump is particularly angry about are family members of u.s. citizens. yes. and those who are on the path to becoming u.s. citizens. he insists we need to take away the rights of usis citizens to petition for their family members. nope, trump thinks u.s. citizens cannot be trusted to petition for their own family members, which is kind of strange because he doesn't have to look very far to find an immigrant american citizen who petitioned legally for her parents to come to the united states. according to "the washington post," quote, the parents of the first lady have become legal permanent residents of the united states and are close to obtaining their citizenship. according to people familiar with their status. immigration experts said they very likely relied on the family reunification process that president trump has
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decried as chain migration. and proposed ending in such cases, end quote. remember, the inlaws are from slovenia. that country won two medals at the winter olympics. i guess they are ok. it's ok apparently. let us remember that the first lady of the united states is here in this country because she applied for and received a quote, extraordinary ability visa. which is often called the einstein visa, because we give it to nobel prize winners, but i guess we also give the einstein visa to musicians or runway runway models. the first lady's extraordinary abilities are many, i am sure. i want you to recall that one of the issues in jared kushner's security clearance was that he owes so much money to foreigners some people might be able to leverage that into
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an application for another visa program just for millionaires and fat cats. yes, in america if you have a million dollars or you look like a million dollars, you can get a visa. but if you look like a parking attendant or a bus boy or a field hand or the king of wicanda, in the eyes of our president you are not welcomed in the united states of america. let me break it down from my perspective. this is not the country we aspire to be. my mother came from puerto rico with a fifth grade education. and puerto rico has never won a gold medal at the winter olympics. but guess what? her daughter, my sister, a great public school teacher, and her son is a member of congress. i think that's what the american story should always be about. not special treatment. not special programs just for the rich and the beautiful. and not apparently fast tracking for the president's family, especially when he's going after so many other people's families who look just
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like mine. the speaker pro tempore: members are reminded to refrain from engaging in profanity in debate. members are reminded to refrain from engaging in personalities toward the president. the chair now recognizes the gentlewoman from florida, ms. ros-lehtinen, for five minutes. ms. ros-lehtinen: thank you so much, mr. speaker. and i rise this morning to bring attention to the sad and tragic truth of what is going on in venezuela today under the cynical socialist thug, the maduro regime. even though this administration has stepped up and has taken a strong stance against maduro, we sanctioned a lot of individuals, there's still much more that needs to be done. and the first step is getting more action by making sure that my fellow colleagues are aware of the ongoing crisis in venezuela and help those who refuse to believe that maduro can be that bad.
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yes, he really can be that bad. we need to understand the suffering and the frustration of the venezuelan people. the second step is urging the administration to increase the pressure, to use the tools that are available to us to hold maduro and his evil cronies accountable. we have already seen some -- how some of these tools are working, mr. speaker. our sanctions are working. much so that maduro's actively looking at ways to circumvent our sanctions like this crazy idea of launching his own crip toe curncy. -- crypto currency. we're hitting him where it hurts and we need to built on that momentum. we must also not forget to advocate on behalf of the people of venezuela who are suffering, who are malnourish 6 -- malnourished, sick, and poor. all as a result of maduro's policies. who would have ever thought 30 years ago that venezuela, that
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was a breadbasket for south america, is now having food shortages throughout the country. so i call on the international community to try to see what we can do to ease this humanitarian crisis that venezuelans are going through. because this situation is terrible, but i fear that it it will get worse. maduro and his thugs are taking advantage of the worsening humanitarian situation. they are defrauding organizations that are looking to bring much needed food and medicine into the country, and making it much harder to deliver aid to those who desperately need it. and that's why my dear friend, ranking member eliot engel of the foreign affairs committee and i, introduced the venezuelan humanitarian assistance act. this bill calls attention to the food shortages, to the water shortages, to the severe lack of medicine, severe lack medical medical supplies.
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and the lack of other vital goods and services. but more importantly, it directs our great agencies, the u.s. ate especially -- usaid, especially, and the department of state, to develop a plan to determine how the u.s. can help send in some humanitarian assistance through credible and independent nongovernmental organizations that are operating in venezuela. or in neighboring countries. it is very difficult to get that aid to the people who need it because maduro does not want to help the suffering venezuelan people. the bill passed the house last year and it sends a strong message that we see the millions of people of venezuela who are suffering and that we want to help. so as the political situation continues to deteriorate, because socialism does not work, communism does not work, with maduro announcing his sham of election, another round of lections that only the
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opposition is shut out and only the cronies can win, political leaders are still imprisoned, protestors continue to be met with violence. we must do opposition is shut out and only what we can until this grave humanitarian crisis is resolved. that is why i urge the international community to take notice of what is going on in venezuela, see how we can come together, and pass these important measures so that we the what we can the venezuelan we must not stop working until we see once again a free and open democratic venezuela, free of the socialist and communist regime. thank you, mr. speaker. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from arkansas, mr. hill, for five minutes. mr. hill: i rise to reck michael blakely of little rock who passed away at the age of 67
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just before the new year. mike served as director of the little rock zoo for 17 years prior to his death. next to his family, mike's greatest love was for animals. from the smallest of snakes ott largee of elephants. as a teenager he began working as a zoologist in portland, yerg, and oklahoma city, before finally joining our community in little rock. in little rock he became the director of the little rock zoo and held that position from 1999 until 2016. his work at our zoo enriched the lives of of the thousands who visited each year as well as the staff he mentored so well. he was dearly loved by his wife nancy work whom he shared 34 years of marriage, and his two kids, thomas and elizabeth. mark and i -- martha and i thank him for his dedication to animals an the natural state of arkansas. mr. speaker, i rise today to
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recognize the life of a man who had an indelible impact on central arkansas, mr. jerry henson who passed away after a long battle with health issues that resulted in a sudden diagnosis of stage 4 liver cancer he dedicated his life to answering the call to serve others. from serving as alderman to the city of bryant to volunteering at the boys and girls club , he ived his life to serve others. in 2016, he was honored with the hometown hero award and in 2016 received the community excellence award. his example is one all merck -- all americans and arkansans can admire. i extend my deepest condolences to his wife, starr, and his children, and i prayner well being of his family and loved ones in this difficult time.
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thank you and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from florida, mr. yoho, for five minutes. mr. yoho: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today to honor lieutenant monticelli of florida, who passed away on february 24 as a result of a tragic accident that occurred while he was on duty he graduated from clay high school in 2003 where he served in the navepl jrotc program. upon graduation , he received a full scholarship to drexel university in pennsylvania, where he studied commerce and engineering. after graduation from drexel he decided to follow in his parent's footsteps an join the nea he did so while attending medical school at lake erie
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college of osteopathic medicine and received his naval officer's commission while completing his studies he served with the marine light attack helicopter squad 267. stationed out of camp pendleton, california. he was deployed to japan as part of the marines unit deployment program in 2016. over seven years of service he provided exemplary medical care to the brave men and women who protect american. two weeks before his death, he completed his air crew syllabus and received his aerial observer air crew wings, making him one of the very few naval doctors to have them. he is survived by his paraphernalias an stepparents as well as two sisters and i know his family, his community, and his squadron will miss him dearly. held by his fell he sole -- hailed by his fellow soldiers for his enthusiasm and dedication, his example of leadership through service will continue to inspire others.
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we as a nation thank james. we thank his family for his dedication an service to our great nation. you will be miss bud not forgotten. thank you, mr. speaker. yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from south carolina, mr. sanford, for five minutes. mr. sanford: i thank the chair. i rise to encourage folks at home, folks in this body, folks wherever they may be scattered across this country to speak out against what the administration has proposed with regard to raising tariffs on steel and alum numb. at the end they have day i believe it would be disastrous not just for the economy at large but for every one of us in the way it would impact our pocketbook or wallet. in short what i guess i'm saying is you don't have to do stupid to find that stupid is indeed stupid. what i'm getting at here is, we've had real world experiments about once every 100 years in
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this country on these kinds of policies. so in 1828 you had the so called tariffs of abomination, it was designed to supposedly protect jobs and protect industry. it proved to do neither. it actually proved to be disastrous for the south and in particular south carolina where i'm from. about 100 years later, you had the smooth-holley tariffs that re equally disastrous in not producing what they were supposed to do didn't protect job, didn't protect industry and world trade declined by about 2/3 in that time period. 2/3. and so as a country what i'm suggesting is that we need to take a breath. we need to welcome before we leap. and in life i would say there is a value to listening to the advice of others. in this case, gary cohn the president's chief economic person who is leaving base thond
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dispute said this is not a good idea. steelworkers unions have said this is not a good idea for the way it will impact canadian steel and by virtue, american steel. the markets, which is the collective opinion of what we all think will come next economically, dropped 600 points on thursday and friday saying this is not a good idea and in fact the prime minister of sweden was here yesterday and he was saying it was not a good idea. a lot of folks have spoken out and say this is a genuinely bad idea, let's not move forward. i would say further in negotiations rescue teams shouldn't be the ones shooting the hostage. our seas se we have mixed -- our cs mixed up. the president talks about doing something about china but the people most impact would be the canadians, who are our staunchest ally others a long period of time. with us in war, with us in trade, with us culturally. and yet the bulk of all steel
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that is imported to the united states comes from canada. and 50% of what we export in teel goes to can dafment i remember that -- well, let me put it this way. what i'm saying is, what we need to do here is trust our allies. if you walk into a bar and somebody says if you take one step closer, i'm going to hit you in the face, we need to trust them that they're telling the truth. what they've said is, if you do this to us, we're going to do it to you. a trade war will ensue. i remember watching a muevack back in high school, college, somewhere along there, called "war games," basically it said the only way to win was not to play. if we move forward, we're going to get hurt. nobody wins in a trade war. so finally, i'd say this. in life it's easier to burn down than do build up. you can take years constructing something and have it gone as a
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consequence of a match in a matter of moments or hours. and as you look at, this administration in conjunction with the congress has work hard to construct a better environment for jobs, a way of life, with tax cuts, regulatory reform. but all that could be erased if we move forward with these riffs, more telling is the 70-year apparatus created over 70 years since the time of world war ii which has had us engaged with the rest of the world and we see movement in the wrong direction. do we want better trade? yes. are there changes that can be made? yes. but a tariff is a tax and my simple presumption and my simple ask of this administration, the ask of everybody in talking about what's occurring here is to say, let's not increase taxes as a way of, quote, protecting jobs and capital in this country. with that, i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from florida, mr. rutherford, or five minutes. mr. rutherford: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today to celebrate the life of mr. marvin r. edwards who is a veteran, hero, and predominant member of the jacksonville community. mr. edwards served his country in world war ii flying missions with the office of strategic services which was the precursor of the c.i.a. he often flew into enemy territory, collecting information that changed the course of the war. for his bravery with the o.s.s., mr. edwards is awarded the congressional golded mal 016. following the war he returned to jacksonville where he became an economist and a fixture in our community.
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starting organizations such as the economic round table of jacksonville which brings together businesses and community leaders to discuss economic trends. in addition, his passion for business and economics, mr. edwards was champion of public schools and fought for accountability in local and state governments. he was active in the community and never shy about sharing his opinion on major projects in jacksonville. mr. edwards pass aid way in -- at 96 years of age and he is survived by his wife, ellen edwards, and his children, jeffrey, douglas, and carolyn. on behalf of a thankful city and country, i stand today to thank mr. edwards for his service and dedication to his community and ublic service. mr. speaker, i rise today to honor and congratulate petty officer first class genesis
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morano for being named the 017 sea and shore sailor of the year. mor ng up, petty officer nambings o -- after his father's retirement, mombings rano's family continued to reside in jacksonville where he attended school at florida state college, pursuing his associate's degree until he joined the navy in 2004, following in his father's footsteps. he went to boot tamp in april of 2004 and upon completion went to field medical service school in camp lejeune, north carolina. he worked at duty stations all over the world and is now the medical leading petty officer for expeditionary war training group pacific. he aspires to make chief petty
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officer and to eventually become a master chief. when asked about it, morano's commanding officers have only the highest regard for him. they speak of his integrity and loyalty to his fellow soldiers and sailors as well as his exceptional medical program expertise. one of his primary goals is to have an impact on all the sailors and marine he is encounters. he wants to provide them with the same mentorship and leadership he was shown during his early years in the navy. outside of his service he's actively pursuing his bachelor's of science and health care administration from kaplan university. he currently maintains a 4.0 g.p.a. and plans to receive his master's degree. so today, mr. speaker, i absolute petty officer first class genesis morano for being named sea and shore sailor of the year.
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he exemplifies the navy's core values in every aspect of his life and i admire petty officer's commitment to the military and our nation. congratulations on receiving this honor and thank you, mr. orano, for your service. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. fitzpatrick, for five minutes. mr. fitzpatrick: i rise today to recognize the yen rossity and commitment to community service of the community bank in my district in bucks county, pennsylvania. over the last year, 325 bank employees raised nearly $78,000 for a variety of programs and activities in our community which they generously donated to the united way of bucks county.
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dd hurley, the community bank's vice president and chief relations officer, explained it best he said we're proud of our support of united way of bucks county. we're dedicated to improving our local communities and helping united way alleviate poverty, support education and increase self-sufficiency across bucks county. mr. speaker, this gift will ensure that the united way of bucks county can continue their important mission to better serve the needs of the community and reach even more of our neighbors in need. i applaud ten community bang and encourage everyone to follow their lead in helping those in eed. mr. speaker, i rise today to
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congratulate penns bury high school students on raising more than $50,000 to fight childhood cancer during their fourth annual minithon. students raised the $50,000, which benefits the four diamonds fund at the penn state milton s. hershey medical certainty, by hosting a football game fundraiser through smoothy sales and minithon theirs. these efforts culminated in an eight-hour marathon on a -- dance marathon. it raised $1,000 in its inaugural year has gron according to the students involved. because of the ability to try dinche ideas each year. this keeps students engaged in fundraising and allows them to figure out ways and methods that work best. it is run by students with the help of two faculty advisors. this year's student co-chairs were charlie bernstein and kate goldinger. as a penn stater myself and member of our community, i could not be prouder of what these students have done and i encourage everyone in our
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community to follow their lead and serve others in need. mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 12-a of rule 1, the chair declares the house


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