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tv   Student Cam - Second Prize High School  CSPAN  April 3, 2018 1:07pm-1:18pm EDT

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in this case ultimately expanded americans rights to privacy under the fourth amendment and forever changed the way law enforcement officers conducted their investigations. our guest to discuss this case are jeffrey rosen, president and ceo of the national constitution center in philadelphia and jamil jaffer, founder of the national security inci institute. both from george mason university. watch landmark cases monday and join the conversation. c-span and we have resources on her website for background on each case. the landmark cases companion book, a link to the national constitution, centers inter- national constitution and the podcast at www.c-span.org/ landmark cases. ♪
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>> this month on c-span, we feature our studentcam contest winners. we asked middle and high school students to talk about provisions of the u.s. constitution and white porton down. our second prize, high school central winner is joshua from oklahoma were c-span is available through cox communications. in his winning entry, he tells us about the first amendment and freedom of religion. take a look. >> religion has always played a significant role in my life. that's why the constitution is important to me. freedom of religion of america should never be taken for granted. there is a reason why it's especially important to me and that's because i am jewish. >> happy hanukkah. >> josh, can you say happy hanukkah? come on. josh? >> happy on a cut. >> from a young age, i was told
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stories of the heart -- of the holocaust and it gave me a different perspective on being jewish and having the freedom of religion. in my junior year, i had the opportunity to visit poland and israel. i went there and saw the concentration and labor camps and became witness to what went on there. seeing these things only reinforced my strong opinion that the freedom of religion is a hugely important amendment to our constitution and the rights of all people need to be protected. freedom of religion in america was granted to us by the first amendment of the constitution which was ratified in 1791. the amendment states that togress shall make no law prohibit the exercise of religion. freedom of religion is one of the bedrock principles of american civilization. >> it's very important that all have thell faiths ability and freedom to worship as they choose. >> it's a core constitutional country,n and, in our
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and it's important for us to understand what that means is that everybody not only has freedom to express their own religious beliefs or non-beliefs , but the state and the government has no right to impose their religion on anybody in our country. for,eedom of religion is at least for american and most european culture, a fundamental right that is acknowledged not only in international documents our veryrights but in constitution or at least the interpretation of the constitution. it is by early 21st century, as fundamental as any other right. -- our founding fathers were christian and most people embrace the christian present pulls that forbade
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persecuting other men and this formed their views on religious freedom. most of the people who settled this country came here to escape religious persecution from their home countries. our founders understood the dangers of religious conflict. our freedom of religion was built around the idea to protect americans from religious persecution. the period after the revolutionary war sought many conflicts about religion between baptists and presbyterians. conflict and catholics and protestants, the violence was specifically directed at irish catholic immigrants. the surgeon immigration was happening at the same time as the rise of activist protestantism. mormons were also facing persecution from catholics including when the president of the united states under fear of a religious state of mormons call for a new non-mormon governor and the installation of federal judges under the fourth
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federal troops. the jews have been living in america since colonial times but they did not face harsh anti-semitism until the end of the 1890's. there has been some discrimination along the way. during the great depression, anti-summits is was at an all-time high in america. attacks and social and political discrimination range rampant. intolerance against jewish people still continues to this day. it leads right up to the events of 9/11. anti-muslim terror -- sentiment increased. increased against muslims 1600% compared to previous years. >> the question of prejudice and oppression of religious minorities and why it continues is old and complicated. connected with deep emotions of hate and
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suspicion and fear. >> even today, we still see issues of religious persecution in america with acts like the travel ban. callingd j. trump is for a total and complete shutdown of muslims and touring the united states until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on. >> the initial executive order barred entry for immigrants from seven muslim majority countries. this is not specifically signaling out people with extremist ties and banning those individuals from coming into the country. this is a blanket and at least temporary of all individuals from specific countries. the travel ban as unconstitutional, the supreme court ruled in favor of it even after challenges. guest: >> discrimination >> on the basis of religion or national origin is offensive to
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the most important ideas i believe in myself as an american. >> holocaust survivors have spoken out against the travel ban. >> we as survivors must stand with the people trying to come into this country to create a life for themselves. -- we have a duty and obligation to try and instill some goodness in our hearts. with -- we want them to become upstanding, we want them to speak out. remember, because i see those children suffering, i see those others trying to bring them to a free country that i was able to come to so that they too can have a good life here. so, that is why i speak out. if religious persecution can
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still happen against muslims, who says it cannot happen against other people? thinglence is the first after hate that is dangerous. , it's ane silent approval of what's going on. all thetch prize-winning documentaries and this use studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. >> up next, we are going to hear life from his story and taylor branch, the author of a trilogy of books on the civil rights era including the pulitzer plies -- years.inning king he will discuss the life and legacy of martin luther king jr.. this is taking place in memphis, tennessee, not far from where dr. king was assassinated in 19 sick ta.
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it's organized by the national civil rights museum and it should be getting underway live here shortly on c-span.
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>> can i ask everyone to move to their tables please? could everyone please moved to their seats? know this is like herding cats so weneed you guys to sit can get started.

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