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tv   Student Cam - Second Prize High School  CSPAN  April 13, 2018 1:38am-1:50am EDT

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diplomacy. and for that reason i plan to avidly support your nomination and confirmation. i thank you for being here. director pompeo: thank you, senator corker. thank you, senator menendez. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2018] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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♪ >> this month on c-span, we feature our studentcam contest winners. we chose a portion of the constitution and illustrate why it is important to them. our second prize winners are craters -- income tax traders at blacksburg, virginia high school. in a winning entry called "the equal protection clause," they talk about the 14th amendment. take a look. ♪ >> american children, across the country stand up every morning to recite the pledge of
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allegiance. eventually be learned being a citizen of the states of america means more than apple i or a spot. it means having rights, the right to have a voice in politics. to have an education, to marry her you love, to life, liberty, and protection under the law. >> not every american has access to these rights. one section of the constitution which has been for these150 years rights, which is the equal the 14thn clause in amendment. >> the equal protection clause says that no state should evict or force any law which shall up rich or infringe the rights of a citizen. nor any state deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process. nor deny any person in their jurisdiction, the equal protection of the law. other parts of the constitution and the right of the citizen should be given. the equal protection clause to something morbid it's has every person should have -- something more. it says every person should have these rights equally.
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>> the 14th amendment, like the 15th and 16th were post-civil war amendments. it was an -- its purpose was to end the civil war with an affirmation affirmation that the slavery was people who had the same rights as everyone else. >> this has been applied to many human rights issues we care about. such as the desegregation of schools. and women's rights. >> you have asked about one of my favorite topics. we are coming up on public hundred 50th -- 150th anniversary of the 14th amendment being added. in many ways, the addition was a complete the writing of the constitution. pretty much all of the modern jurisprudence until today if it was about banning loving feet virginia or the last few years about lgbt quality -- equality. they all come out of the supreme court cases that they would routinely ignore. the equal protection clause is one
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of the powerhouses of the constitution. >> abraham lincoln famously said the united states is a government of the people, by the people, for the people. when president lincoln said these words, only a select portion of the populace was allowed to vote. >> >> our country has inspired to give everyone an equal voice in politics. we have never lived up to that promise. from the very founding of the nation, the deck is stacked in the favor of white wealthy men. through several hundred years of struggle, we have expanded political power to more and more people, communities, women, people of color. we need to keep fighting to realize that thomas. -- promise. it's embedded in the language of the constitution. >> one way people are being denied it through something called gerrymandering. the
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legislator uses gerrymandering to dilute the influence of a certain demographic of people. if they are crying to set up a certain party or split up ethnic groups. it is nothing new. in 1812, the governor of massachusetts drew his district in a way that allowed one party to gain 72% of available seats in a very close election. the districts were oddly shaped, one even look like a salamander. that is when gerrymandering was born. he was not the only one in \history to take advantage of state lines. gerrymandering is so precise today that they are not gerrymandered as, they are gerry monsters. it is no -- >> i live in the -- only blue county in south western virginia. it is no coincidence the republican legislature broke my district into three districts. a monster like this appears in red
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and blue states alike. many argue gerrymandering violates the 14th amendment's equal protection clause, and make some people's vote count more than others. >> it is unconstitutional but there is not a reliable measure of fairness for determining if a partisan gerrymandering violates the constitution. >> the supreme court has had we don't like partisan gerrymandering we don't. know how to identify how much partisanship is too much. come back when you have a good test for us. >> in lawyers working on the 2014, case presented the supreme court's a possible measure of gerrymandering called the efficiency cap it it measures how many votes are wasted for one party or another. lawyers argued when this gap is too
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large, it should be unconstitutional. ♪ >> i am talking about colonoscopy is more popular than congress. for some miracle reason, 90% of them were elected. it is a fixed system. that is what gerrymandering is about. this is why i say, the only one who can fix it is the supreme court. that is why we are here to ask them to fix this problem of severe gerrymandering. >> if the supreme court rules against remain drink it would make it harder for politicians to unfairly diluted certain people in order to protect their positions of power. show less text >> i think this may be one of the most important cases the supreme court has seen on many terms. it is foundational to our democracy. you will see we are facing a crisis point in our democracy. people enough feeling that their vote counts. they do fully of are responsive to their
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needs and desires. they don't think politicians care about every part of the reason is because politicians have to protect themselves. this would be about making sure voters retained the power of the democracy. >> because of the equal protection clause, someday maybe the district lines will reflect the will of the citizens, not the legislature. when i can vote, it is nice to think i vote will be as powerful as anyone else's. equal protection clause will continue to work with united states of america, a country with equal rights, freedom, liberty and justice for all. ♪ >> to watch all of the prize-winning documentaries, visit ♪
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>> here's a look at what's coming up live friday. the house will work on a banking bill looking at exempting financial institutions. on c-span2, military officials will appear before a house panel to discuss the 2019 budget request. on c-span, the fema administrator will be on capitol hill to give an update on the budget and planning for natural disasters in the coming year. ♪ >> c-span's washington journal, live every day, with news and policy issues that impact you. up friday more -- coming up friday morning, congresswoman barbara lee will come to our studio to talk about potential u.s.-military action on syria. also, congressman buddy carter
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will discuss congress's role in the opioid -- stemming the opioid crisis. be sure to watch live 7:30 eastern friday morning, "washington journal". join the discussion. >> c-span on sundays "q&a", cooper institute and author neil the squaren his book " and power." >> what was striking to me when i interact with people -- facebook is their sense of powerlessness. if you think about the events of 2016 to take an example, not many members of the supposedly world government planned would leave the europe -- that britain would leave the european union and donald trump would become the president. then for example, take the financial crisis. in 2018, -- the
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builder berg meeting -- we need to discuss the crisis. , on c-span. >> today president trump talked trade policy with governors and lawmakers from agricultural states. before his meeting, president trump said a new deal on the 24-year-old north american free trade agreement is getting pretty close. here is more from his meeting at the white house. president trump: this is a group i like very much. we are here to discuss agriculture. very important.


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