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tv   Student Cam - First Prize High School  CSPAN  April 21, 2018 2:32pm-2:44pm EDT

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not successful. guest: we are trying to catch this as early as possible, but not to stop at age three. the child does not cease to exist the minute they turn three or 18 or 21. early intervention is key, but we think about it as the beginning stage of a lifetime of health and support and encouraging this person to achieve their support. host: allison ratto and julia bascom, thanks so much for being here. >> this month on c-span, we feature our studentcam contest winners. middle and high school students to choose a provision of the u.s. constitution and create a video illustrating why it's important to them.
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in the winning entry titled "no trespassing," they tell us about article four and the supremacy clause. >> i found very surprising that there is such a huge, horrible issue affecting so many people wear so few people are aware of it and there's so little being done. >> to me, it is a completely new experience. it surprised me that i would be able to make a video. i wasn't thinking about making a film. ite this project came up, was an amazing process and experience and i really enjoyed it. ♪ ♪ >> our reservation during the boom of coal mining, it was like
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a playground. reservationto the and we were experiencing a lot of violence against women. rape, abuse, murdered women. this went on for 10 years when the boom was hitting. we had no ability to stop it. the non-indians were not within the criminal justice of our reservation. it was a difficult time in our community. there was nothing we could do. ♪ ♪ the very foundations of our country, native women were targeted in violence. we think again about how is this targeting not just our women but our nation. >> more than one in three native
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women will be raped in their lifetime. nearly two in three will be violently assaulted. murderstic violence and on some reservations are 10 times the national average. >> 90% of the perpetrators of these crimes are non-native. with aproblem started case back in 1978. in that case, justice rehnquist wrote the opinion. he wrote that tribes by virtue of being dependent on the united states have lost the ability to prosecute non-indians. >> cases involving a native victim and non-native perpetrator fall to the federal government. u.s. attorneys declined to prosecute 67% of these cases,
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leaving native women without justice while their perpetrators run free. when tribal nations signed treaties with the united states throughout the 19th century, one of the things that the federal government promised to protect the tribes. >> treaties once signed by the president become the supreme law of the land. we've had hundreds of treaties that are under the u.s. constitution, the supreme law of theland that recognizes treaty my grandfather signed preserved the cherokee nation's exclusive right -- if that is the supreme law of the land, the supreme court cannot undo that. the supreme court has
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interpreted this relationship between tribal nations and the united states and the land exchange that happened in the treaties that were signed and the promises that were made to give rise to a fiduciary obligation to the tribal nations. sometimes, people want to use that as an argument against the tribal nations saying the federal government will do it. duty is different than right. the united states has a duty. our nations have a right. the two coexist. >> tribes' inherent rights to protect their own citizens was enshrined in the treaty and therefore protected by article six of the u.s. constitution. nonetheless, the federal government has stripped tribes of their jurisdiction over non-natives. ♪ ♪ native attorneys
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said there's no way that will ever change. you have to learn to live with it. we said no, we should fight. ♪ ♪ >> in 2013, the violence against women act was enacted after a very long battle. [applause] >> indian country has some of the highest rates of domestic abuse in america. is whenhe reasons native american women are abused on tribal lands by an attacker that is not native american, the attacker is immune from prosecution by tribal courts. as soon as i sign this bill, that ends. >> it simply doesn't do enough.
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as it currently stands, the violence against women act grants tribes the ability to exercise they jurisdiction over non-natives, but only in cases of dating and intimate partner violence as well as protect your ion order infringement. it doesn't cover instances of rape, murder, kidnapping, major crimes. we realizedoint, our brothers and sisters in alaska had been carved out. our brothers and sisters in alaska unprotected. it doesn't go nearly far enough. when the answer domestic violence calls, they can't prosecute them. >> what is really needed is a
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response that would be cut a fight in the indian civil haves act that the tribes jurisdiction over anyone in their territory who commits these crimes. >> oftentimes, we are the target of violence. but we are still here despite all the obstacles we face. we overcome. >> we are more than enough. we are the dreams of our ancestors that hope for our generation. >> we will not fail. we will move forward. >> when native women rise, we all rise. ♪ >> to watch all the prize-winning documentaries in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. >> earlier this week, barbara bush died at the age of 92.
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today, her funeral service was held at saint martin's piscopo church in houston. -- saintmp attended churchs a piscop episcopal in houston. melania trump attended. we will show you that service tonight at 8:30 p.m. eastern on c-span. a look back to the to mulch was year of 1968 focusing challengingights, long-held assumptions about american womanhood, transforming society. join us to talk about women's rights in 1968. we have the author of "wonder syndicateda columnist and senior fellow at
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the public policy center in d.c. and the author of "sex matters." turmoil68 american m.nday at 8:30 a . eastern on "washington journal." jamesorrow on newsmakers, lankford looks at election security, the rush investigation and the nature of security today compared with 23 years ago when the oklahoma city bombing took place. erica fromiewed by "the washington post." newsmakers airs sunday at 10:00 a.m. eastern on c-span. q&a, aton thomas
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and his book "we matter." i wasn i was younger, always taught about the athletes that use their voice and use their positions and platforms. muhammad ali and bill russell and tim brown, those are the athletes i learned about. older, agetting lightbulb went off and i made a connection of how i could follow in their footsteps. i could bring attention to these different causes just because i'm an athlete. i continued to do it through college and as a pro with the wizards. it became a part of me. >> q&a, sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span. next, a hearing examines the proposed 2019 budget for the u.s. congress office of

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