tv Canadian PM Trudeau G7 Closing News Conference CSPAN June 10, 2018 3:01am-3:47am EDT
>> canadian prime minister justin trudeau had a news conference at the end of the economic summit to discuss what was accomplished with the other leaders. many of the questions had to do with the trade, nafta and the participation of president trump. this is 45 minutes. >> [speaking in french] >> i wanted leaders and their teams to have the experience of the legendary hospitality of the people of this region and that's exactly what i've seen in the last few days. thank you to all the members of the community, to those who
played a role locally, government representatives and to all canadians who played a role in the summit. thelly, thank you to indigenous communities with whom we worked closely throughout this. prime minister trudeau: we are about to conclude a very successful g7 summit here. this summit was focused on addressing very real universal challenges and finding lasting solutions that will make a difference in the lives of people. i'm happy to announce that we released a joint communique by all seven countries. [applause] our conversations took place against the backdrop of the rapidly changing economy and growing middle-class anxieties around rising inequality,
automation, and equality of opportunity. anxieties that have eroded trust in our institutions abilities to deliver. for working people. ahead of the summit, canada laid out five broad themes to tackle the root cause of this central economic issue that we all share. we talked about investing in growth of that works for everyone, and preparing people for the jobs of the future. we've reaffirmed our commitment to advance gender equality and work together on climate change, oceans, and clean energy. we spoke of the need to defend our democracies against foreign threats. and build a more peaceful and secure world. we are committed to take concrete action to defend our democratic systems from foreign threats and take coordinated action to identify and hold to account those who would do us harm.
now there is, of course, a diversity of opinions when it comes to charting the path forward. every leader comes to the table with a different and at times, divergent course of action. but leaders arrived here ready to roll up their sleeves and get to work. and that's exactly what we were able to do. i know you know we have some -- i know that you will know, we had some strong conversations on trade, and specifically, on american tariffs. i reiterated to president trump that these tariffs harm industry and workers on both sides of our border. i stand ready to work closely with the president to resolve this swiftly. but as i have consistently said, i will always protect canadian workers and canadian interests. we've also made good, genuine progress on a large range of issues over the course of the last few days. so there's a lot we could cover here, but let me just highlight
a few key accomplishments. up the advisory on gender inequality, which mandates gender inequality into different subjects of this subject. [in french] -- which makes gender equality one of its major priorities. france has confirmed to us that they will go on with this approach. and canada, as throughout the world, growth of the economy, which has been observed over the last decade, is largely a treatable to women, who went into the labor market and transformed it. so if we really want to fight against chronic week economic growth, income gap and social inequalities, to truly achieve
gender equality, that must be part of our objective just as the economy or the environment are. and that's exactly what we have done during this summit. trudeau: today, i'm thrilled to announce that canada along with the european union, germany, japan, the united kingdom, france and the world bank, will invest nearly $4 billion to support quality education for women and girls living in crisis, conflict-affected and fragile states. is funding represents the single largest investment of its kind, and the fight for greater -- in the fight for greater equality, education is key. it gives girls the tools they need to make decisions about their own future and lift the -- live the life they want for themselves. when they can grow and succeed, and tire communities benefit. -- entire communities benefit.
i believe this historic investment in grows education further speaks to our common resolve to make gender equality at top minority, not just this year, but every year. we also welcome the announcement made by the development finance institutions of all g-7 nations that they would be investing considerable funds focused on women in developing countries, to enhance economic participation and empowerment. this is proof of what we can accomplish by working together. five of us also agreed to a plastics charter, which speaks to our common resolve to eradicate plastic pollution. this is an important step to achieving a lifecycle economy in which all plastics would be recycled and repurposed. this is good news, not only for the environment, but also for businesses who can stand to benefit from reducing the cost associated with plastic use.
canada will also invest $100 million to rid our oceans of the global plastic pollution. to protect our oceans we agree to the g-7 blueprint for healthy oceans and resilient coastal communities. oftentimes, developing nations, including small island states, are vulnerable to the impacts of a changing climate. g-7 nations have a role to play in helping these countries mitigate the consequences of and join the fight against climate change, which goes hand in hand with the health of our coasts and our oceans. as part of this initiative, canada will invest $162 million to help build strong, resilient coasts and communities. this will include efforts to build back better after extreme weather events, and help expand renewable energy infrastructure. finally, we spoke about the future of the economy at length. innovation is changing how we live and how we work, which
brings new challenges and opportunities for working people. one thing that came out this year's summit was the need to encourage a culture of lifelong learning, so that the next job is also a better job. we also recognize that we need to adopt new ways of measuring economic growth. if we want to build economies that work for everyone, it's essential we developed the right tools to monitor progress and address some of the flaws of our current approach. >> my dear friends, the summit is coming to a close, but canada's presidency will go on to the end of the year. over the last two days leaders have made several commitments, which are added to the communique, which covers a whole variety. we intend to continue the momentum we have achieved over the last few days.
and the progress that has been made up until now. the uncertainty which our world has to deal with, meetings like this will take on ever greater importance. they give us the opportunity to join forces and settle our disputes. facing the great challenges we have today, countries have great economic success and need to show a common front and promote the values that are at the very root of our success. i will leave the summit inspired by the discussions in which i have participated and convince convinced of the needs to work together to meet our common challenges. once again, thank you for having been here. and i'll be very happy to answer your questions. >> hi, prime minister. i'm wondering if you can answer this in english and in french.
we're told by credible sources such as chancellor merkel that you have reached compromise language on tariffs and trade. i'm wondering if you could square that with the comments that president trump made when leaving, that the united states has been taken advantage of for decades. the piggy bank everyone is robbing. and two, warning that if you retaliate against the steel tariffs, that you will be making a mistake. so my question is, how meaningful is this consensus if the president is making these kinds of threats on his way out of town? prime minister trudeau: the president will continue to say what he says. at various occasions, what we did this weekend was come together, roll up our sleeves and figure out consensus language on a broad range of
issues that we could all agree to on a broad range of issues, whether it is making an economy that works for everyone, ensuring the inclusion of women and girls, being bold on protecting our environment, or moving forward in a meaningful way to prepare for the jobs of the future. these are the kinds of things that are common challenges across our countries and around the world, where anxiety about economic prospects of individuals and particularly of their kids, leads to unpredictability and sometimes, political uncertainty. we have come together to layout where we agree, to highlight the need to continue to work together to serve the citizens that elected us. i'm very pleased we came together on an ambitious joint communique at the end of this summit. [in french] >> obviously, the president will continue to say what he said. what was achieved this weekend together was to gather together around an ambitious communique,
setting up the shared challenges we have to continue to support our citizens and to combat the anxiety and uncertainty that often goes hand in hand with fear about their age. the future of their children. so we've been looking at jobs in the future and concern about global security, economic growth that works for everyone, the women, environment. all of these discussions highlight the value of working together, of aligning yourself with each other and continuing to support a system which has constituted a major success for many people. seeking to bring more people into this economic success.
reporter: prime minister, following on the two specific threats from president today, saying that he would not collaborate with countries that will not do what america wants to do, and that if you retaliate on the tariffs, you are making a mistake. how seriously do you take that threat and does it change your plan to go ahead with a retaliatory tariffs? prime minister trudeau: i highlighted directly to the president that canadians did not take it lightly. that the united states has moved forward with significant tariffs on our steel and aluminum industry. particularly did not take lightly, the fact that it is based on a national security reason, that for canadians, who either themselves or their parents, or community members have stood shoulder to shoulder with american soldiers in far-off lands and conflicts from the first world war onwards. that it's kind of insulting. and i highlighted that it was
not helping in our renegotiation of nafta, and that it would be with regret, but it would also be with absolute certainty and firmness that we move forward with retaliatory measures on july 1, applying equivalent tariffs to the ones that the americans have unjustly apply to us. i have made it very clear to the president, that it is not something we relish doing, but it is something that we absolutely will do. because canadians are polite or reasonable, but we also will not be pushed around. [in french] >> i've pointed out to the president the extent to which the canadians throughout this country, this is an offense, it is an imposition of tariffs on steel and aluminum.
claiming the rationale of national security but our overall history, as americans and canadians have often stood shoulder to shoulder to defend the values that we both appreciate. i pointed out, with regret, we would take that decision. that if the president continues to impose unfair barriers and tariffs on our steel and aluminum, then we would respond without any hesitation as of the first of july to impose equivalent tariffs. we were firm, we are polite and courteous. but we shall not be pushed around by others. we are canadians.
were you saying we managed to survive donald trump again? premised her, well that was the approach we took in the run-up to the summit. he has unanimously supported communique, strong commitments, which require specific actions we're going to take, not just canadians and g-7 citizens, but citizens around the world. and in addition, we are talking about some $4 billion made available for girls and women in crisis situations around the world. and i pointed out that society in canada was insisting that we came up with a reasonable figure. we went up to $3.8 billion, in
fact. and we're continuing to work with the developed economies of the world. and we have to see what we can do in practical terms to protect oceans, to protect girls and women, to move forward economic growth that benefits all. yes, it was indeed a success. [in english] geez, whe did i start? i think it was notable there was a tremendous state of speculation by a broad range of people that this summit was going to be replete with conflicts and not lead to much. but on the contrary, not only did we come out with a consensus document supported by all seven g-7 nations, not only did we move forward on significant
commitments on a broad range of issues that matter to canadians, to citizens of the g-7, two people around the world, we have actually delivered almost $4 billion for women and girls in crisis and conflict-affected areas to help with their education, their health, and their security. which is frankly, the number one recommendation that not only the gender advisory council we put together that did extraordinary work, put forward, but also, civil society in the past few days has been calling on us to -- calling on me directly to deliver $1.3 billion for the girls living in conflict-affected areas. we did better than that, we did $3.8 billion. and because of this weekend, because of the convening actions that we pulled together on, there are millions of girls around the world, of communities around the world, that are going
to do better. because this is what the g-7 is supposed to be about, all of us pulling together and doing things that matter for our citizens and for the world. and on that, it was certainly a success. [reporter asking question in french] >> at the same time these important points in trade, you talked about plastics. the u.s. didn't sign up, japan didn't. tariffs, there's still a trade war. there's still no progress. there's no nafta. so it could be seen that you are not that successful and trump is calling the tune. [prime minister answering questions in french] there are always other things we can work on, we didn't ask they resolve all the problems facing the planet. we made significant progress in terms of forging a consensus about certain major challenges and commitments that we have
called upon to tackle together. yes, one could say, yes we weren't able completely to turn around president trump's approach on trade, as he continues to say what he says. fine, we didn't. but if you're continuing to say it's a wonderful place and people are wonderfully hospitable, if you imagine that, then i do think you are probably flying too high on your expectations. but when the most developed economies in the world come together to get to grips with major problems, and are capable of demonstrating leadership in areas of concern expressed
around the world. and as you seen in the communique, there is still a great job of work to be done. but those who doubt our capacity to work together will have seen our ability to deliver. and again, we are talking about shared responsibility that we all have towards our citizens and towards our future generations. reporter: in english, please? prime minister trudeau: jesus, i'm forgetting the beginning of my sentences. if the expectation was that a weekend in this beautiful area, surrounded by all sorts of lovely people, was going to transform the president's outlook on trade and the world, then we didn't quite perhaps meet that bar. but if the bar of much more responsibly was -- can the world come together, the world's leading developed economies come
together and make significant in things that matter to people, whether it's women and girls in education, whether it's moving forward with the real measures and real commitment to protecting our oceans, to including women in the growth that we need in our committees and our societies, to moving forward in an agreed-upon way on a broad range of things come absolutelys than we've done that. and we highlight throughout our approach that there is absolutely much more to do on a broad range of subjects. but what we were able to do this weekend, come together and get things done. that is certainly what people expected of us this weekend. reporter: prime minister on nafta, the president at this press conference that a sunset clause is inevitable.
he said that there are 2 possibilities of a sunset clause, but there will be one. do think there will be one? will you consent to a sunset clause question mark prime minister trudeau: there will not be a sunset clause. canada has been unequivocal that we will not, cannot sign a trade deal that expires automatically every five years. that is not a trade deal so that is not on the table. i think there are various discussions about alternatives that would not be that, and would not be totally distant -- not be entirely destabilizing for a trade deal. we are open to creativity, but there will not be any sunset clause. [repeating in french] >> we said there would not be a sunset clause and nafta. we would not sign a three trade -- free trade agreement which would automatically lapse or expire after five years.
that is not a free trade agreement. we demonstrated openness. we agreed to discuss other measures that the president might be interested in, but no, there would not be a sunset clause and nafta. reporter: the president is saying that they're ultimately will be a sunset clause, and you are saying that there actually won't be a sunset clause, does nafta die on that deal? prime minister trudeau: no, i think it's an example of where we will continue to work in a responsible and serious way, to bridge the gaps we have in our positions. because as we know, a renegotiated nafta is good for canada, good for the united states and good for mexico. and as many people have said, it is possible to get to a win, win, win, and that is what we will continue to work to do. we know that we can create a trade deal of renewed nafta, that will be beneficial to
citizens in our country's -- our countries and that's what we will remain focused on. [repeating in french] >> clearly, there are differences of opinion around the table. that simply means we are going to work together in a serious minded way, a well-intentioned way, and we shall seek to deliver an improved, modernized nafta, and we know this is entirely possible. it's absolutely possible to come up with a sound agreement good for american workers, canadian workers, good for mexican workers, good for citizens of all three countries. and we continue to put in the work to achieve that. reporter: when you told mr. trump that you are intending to impose tariffs on the first of july, did he reply by
threatening to expose you to hire terrorists -- higher tar iffs? we don't necessarily want to do that because it will hurt american workers and we would rather not be responsible for that. but the fundamental principle has to be to stand up in defense of canadian workers and canadian interests. now these unfair, on acceptable tariffs the president is seeking to impose on us require a clear, firm response. and that's exactly what i said to the president. and that's exactly what i shall do as of the first of july. i told the president we would be moving forward with retaliatory equivalent tariffs as of july 1.
he expressed to me that he thought that would be a mistake. i certainly agree, it is not something that we wa to do. we do not want to harm american workers. we do not want to harm trade between canada and the united states. but the administration's choice to impose a legal and unacceptable tariffs, illegitimate and unacceptable tariffs to canadian steelworkers and other workers on the canadian economy must be met with an equivalent response. i don't want to hurt american workers. they are our neighbors, they are our friends. my job is to stand up for canadian workers and canadian interests. and i will do that without flinching. that's what i explained to the president. [reporter asking question in french] >> the president, on the other hand, tweeted he had various threats to offer. is he writing a lot of things in all caps on twitter that he doesn't say with you a loan in
the room? prime minister trudeau: [in french] it makes about a year now that i've been having a constructive relationship with the president. we work together. differenterhaps, approaches when we communicate. we are each there to defend the interests of our workers and our citizens. and that's what we do. i've spent perhaps a bit more time demonstrating that the interest of our citizens and workers are closely linked to the interests and advantages that american workers have, because our economies are so well integrated. and i would continue to have that approach, which tries to obtain and defend advantages for canadians, but not at the expense of americans. rather, we know when we work
together in a positive way, we can create greater benefits than we would have alone. [reporter asking question in french] >> your friend has been talking about an historic summit. they have valued the cost of the summit at $100 million for the canadian presidency. do you think it will cost 100 million for the rest of the time? [prime minister answering in french] well, i think we need to have a look at different reactions. some people have clearly expressed themselves disagreeing with different elements. i'm here more in quebec but i think it happens in an orderly and a safe way. and i think we can be out of that. it's important in a democracy for people to have the possibility to express themselves, to demonstrate.
but i think at the same time, we always base ourselves on the most important thing, which is to guarantee the security of the participants of citizens and the demonstrators. if people want to reproach to us wet we have done more than strictly needed to do, i think it's the lesser of two evils. if we found ourselves in a situation where people reproached us for not doing enough, we would be having a different conversation. certainly every time we have an event, we have a look at what happens, what we did well, what we could have done differently for the next time. that will certainly inform the next stages, the learning curve for the future. it's hard to say. i think that what we did was not successful. it didn't correspond to what we wanted above all, which was to
have a successful g-7, to guarantee peace and security for citizens who are welcoming this event and also to make it possible for all to express themselves when they don't agree. [reiterating in english] trudeau: there's no question that at the end of any summit or event like this, we take a look at what worked, what we could have done differently, what we might have done differently, in terms of lessons for next time. quite frankly, if we are reflecting right now that we did, perhaps, too good a job of keeping our citizens and purchase a fence face, keeping those who wished to demonstrate or express themselves safe, that is a critique that i am willing to accept. i think, obviously, if things have gone very differently, and we hadn't been able to keep people safe, we'd be having an entirely different conversation. but like i said, when one holds
significant events like this, it is much better to err on the side of being overly cautious because the harm that could have come to any individual would not be worth saving a little money. so obviously, as the move forward, we will learn from this experience, and perhaps, be better next time. but i think we can all be proud of what we were able to achieve both as a summit and what we were able to demonstrate to the world as how we are able to get the balance right between encouraging and allowing, celebrating the fact that people absolutely can express themselves freely in our democracy while at the same time ensuring that we keep everyone safe. >> what i understand of what you are saying is that in terms of security, there are lessons that have been drawn from past events.
and that today, for you, there wasn't too much police in the city of quebec. is that a correct statement? well, i have to admit i was here working, so i wasn't in quebec to see with my own eyes. but certainly anytime there is an event of this size, even smaller events, when measures are set up, there are always reflections to have. what worked this time, what can we do differently next time, we talk with our police forces, our security experts. if we don't learn as we go, it would be hard for us to explain why things didn't work if they didn't work. we all remember what happened a few years ago in quebec at the americas summit. it's certainly something that informed our position this time around.
next time perhaps, we'll have a decision informed by what happened this time. but i can certainly guarantee the the security of citizens is what we have at heart. i think otherwise, it would have been a mistake. i know question from quebec without follow-up. >> ok yes, in the interest of time, i will fold into one question. on what reasoning did mr. trump provide not signing the $3.8 billion girls education initiative. and tell us if president trump repeated his threats to put u.s. tariffs on autos. if so, what did you tell him? prime minister trudeau: on the issue of the agreement, we actually have a commitment on education for women and girls. that is something all seven of us have agreed to. on top of that, canada put forward $400 billion directly to
finance in our aid budgets toward women and girls in crisis in conflict situations. and we encouraged and reached out to all g-7 partners to do the same, to allocate new funding to that cause. a number of them chose to do that, but all of us were able to sign the agreement that we would move forward on women and girls in crisis. it's just some were able to allocate direct dollars. but i can highlight that within the envelope there are a lot of ngos and foundations that are also part of this movement. and that includes american money, as well. on the other question, we talked and i impressed upon the president how damaging tariffs on cars would be. that is a conversation that will
continue. >> yes, i did have the occasion to speak directly to the president to emphasize the tariff barriers on cars and canada would be extremely harmful to our economy. and we committed ourselves to going on top as we speak regularly about many things. reporter: i would like you to clarify your position on sunset clause. you said that you find the sunset clause is not on the table. trump says there is a second proposal for a longer-term sunset that takes account the business investment cycle. are you opposed to any sunset clause of any length? premise or trudeau: yes, we are opposed to any sunset clause of any length.
if you put an expiring date on a trade deal, that's not actually a trade deal. so that's our unequivocal position. when i referred to various proposals, if there is a desire to have a check in and renewal knowing that this is a trade deal, like most trade deals, that one can trigger a departure from at six months notice. that's something rarely used, it exists currently in nafta. not exist in a current nafta. that's one of the reasons why we don't see the need for a sunset clause. if you can leave a trade deal six months notice, we know the president has threatened to do that a number of times, there is no real need for a sunset clause. we're always willing to listen to proposals that might work around this.
a trade deal with a sunset clause is not a trade deal, so we will not accept a sunset clause of 5, 10, whatever duration proposed by the president. >> the sequence of events than, what is it? you say you made your case, he said you didn't make the case to him. how do you see the path forward? what is the sequence to get to nafta? prime minister trudeau: we are going to continue to work together on issues we agree. we will talk about issues on which we disagree. we will continue to work towards a renewed nafta. we will work toward removing the tariffs on steel and aluminum from the united states. this is an ongoing relationship that we work at very hard and will continue to. >> good afternoon, prime minister. the communication shows the
representatives of the g-7 countries all agree with both the paris agreement on climate. as you know, the u.s. government has withdrawn fromaris agreement and did not want to be associated with support to that. we, like the other g-7 countries, are all in agreement with the paris agreement. we're taking measures in our countries to fulfill our obligations. it's a major priority for me, but we accepted that in the communique that the u.s. explains they do not support the agreement. >> prime minister, what did you say to president trump about his desire to bring russia back into the g-7? and what did you think of that? premise or trudeau: i said that it is not something we are even remotely interested in looking
at, to have russia returned to the g-7. >> i said very clearly to the president and to others that it was not something that interested us at all. tuesday russia come back to the g-7. -- two c russia come back to the g-7. russia come back to the g-7. >> at the start of the summit, donald trump said he thinks the u.s.'s actions are threatening the world-based order. do you share the worry? prime minister trudeau: we have, right now, citizens around the world who are anxious about their futures, about their kids futures. and that leads to different paths. it leads to political uncertainty, a turn towards authoritarianism to not g-7 countries. it leads to consequences that are troubling for all of us. i think as you look at the rise
of certain economies, whether it is china, russia, or others who don't play by the same rules or don't have the same values and approa that we g7 countries do, i think it's important to highlight that we have work to do together to demonstrate our approach of respecting rights and freedoms, encouraging individual success while we ensure collective responsibility for each other, is an approach that works. is an approach worth defending. we always try to work through some mechanisms to ensure better outcomes for our citizens. but i think that approach is one we have been able to come together to highlight both in the g-7 communique and our actions collectively over the past months.
>> well, i think it's clear. there is a lot of anxiety in the world when people see an uncertain future for themselves or their children. we see all kinds of unpredictable things and political systems. can increase in -- an increase in authoritarianism and totalitarianism. i'm tired. in some countries around the world outside the g-7, i think it's important to emphasize that we recognize the rules we follow as countries can always be improved. but we need to go on working to reassure our citizens and show them that we are here to make stability a success while allowing freedoms to exist, human rights, the possibility to
succeed and to be here for one another. these are values we have and we owe it to ourselves to defend the system according to the rules we play by. we're always ready to make improvements, or rearrange things in our institutions. but recognizing that our economies and countries that are of great importance to the world, but which do not at all follow our same rules or values. china and russia are at the head of that list, if you will. it;s important if we want to work together to show that we have the right approach as governments, not just for us, but for the citizens who we help every day. thank you all very much. [applause] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
>> after prime minister to those news conference, president trump on his way to meet tim johnson, indicated the u.s. would not abide by the communique cited by the prime minister. in a tweet, the president said "based on justin's false statements at his news conference and effect canada is charging massive tariffs to our workers, i've instructed our representatives not to endorse the communique as we look at tariffs on automobiles flooding the u.s. market." c-span's washington journal live every date with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up this morning, former director of national intelligence james clapper will talk about his book and russian interference in the 2016 presidential campaign. on special counsel robert mueller's russia probe.
then former nba player eight on thomas on his book about athletes being outspoken to promote clinical views. onch c-span journals live wednesday morning. join the discussion. aphidight on q&a, rust talks about his book "to change the church: pope francis and the future of catholicism." >> he takes the church needs to change in various ways, aroundlarly around areas the sexual revolution, marriage, divorce, and so on. where prior popes as a glee said the church can't make. so there are fraught places in his pontificate where he has clashed with cardinals, bishops, theologians on just how far he can push the church to change
what the church can change without either undercutting its own traditions or breaking faith with of the new testament, the gospel of jesus christ. >> q and i tonight -- q&a tonight on c-span eastern area -- c-span eastern. >> on tuesday, the wilson center's mexico institute and migration policy institute cohosted an event with current and former officials from the u.s. and mexico. this is about an hour and 10 minutes. >> we really have a phenomenal panel. roundtable.his as a the honorable carla hill is known to everyone in this room. she is president of hilnd