tv President Trump News Conference from Singapore CSPAN June 12, 2018 5:55am-7:01am EDT
a tremendous three months. this has been going on quite a while. that was the tape we gave to chairman kim and his people. it captures what could be done. that is a great place, as a potential to be an incredible place. ,etween south korea and china it has tremendous potential. he understands that and wants to do what is right. it is my honor to address the people of the world following this historic summit with chairman kim jong-un of north korea. i stand before you as an emissary of the american people to deliver a message of peace.
let me begin by thanking our incredible hosts in singapore, especially prime minister lee. this is a country of profound grace and beauty and we send our warmest wishes to every citizen of singapore who made this visit so important and so pleasant despite all of the work and all of the long hours. i also want to thank president moon of south korea. he is working hard. i will speaking to him right after we are finished. of japan, aer abe friend of mine, just left our country. he wants what is right for japan and for the world. person, president who has closed up that border, maybe a little bit
less over the last couple of months, but that is ok. he has and he is a terrific person. . great leader of his people i want to thank them for their efforts to help us get through this historic day. most importantly, i want to thank chairman kim for taking the first bold step toward a bright future for his people. our unprecedented meeting, the first between an american president and a leader of north that real change is indeed possible. waseeting with chairman kim honest, direct, and productive. we got to know each other well in a confined period of time under strong circumstances. we are prepared to start a new history and we are ready to write a new chapter between our nations. , andy 70 years ago
extremely bloody conflict ravaged the korean peninsula. died in theople conflict, including tens of thousands of brave americans. while the armistice was agreed to, the war never ended, to this day. now we can all have hope that it will soon end, and it will. have to defineot the future. yesterday's conflict does not have to be tomorrow's war. as history has proven over and over again, adversaries can become friends. we can honor the sacrifice of our forefathers by replacing the horrors of battle with the blessings of peace. that is what we are doing and that is what we have done. there is no limit to what north korea can achieve when it gives up its nuclear weapons and
embraces commerce and engagement with the rest of the world. has an opportunity to be remembered as the leader who ushered in a glorious new era of security and prosperity for his people. chairman wants to do this. this is not the past, this not another administration that never got it started and therefore it never got it done. chairman kim has told me that north korea is already destroying a major missile
engine testing site. that is not in your signed document. we agree to that after the agreement was signed. that's a big thing. for the missiles they were testing, the site will be destroyed very soon. today is the beginning of an arduous process, our eyes are wide open but peace is always worth the effort especially in this case. this should have been done years ago. the should have been resolved a long time ago. but we are resolving it now. chairman kim has the chance to seize an incredible future for his people. anyone can make war but only the most courageous can make peace. of affairs state cannot endure forever. the people of korea, north and south, are profoundly talented, industrious, and gifted. these are truly gifted people.
they share the same heritage, language, customs, culture, and destiny. to realize their amazing destiny, to reunite their national family, the the menace of nuclear weapons will now be removed. sanctionsntime, the will remain in effect. of a future were all koreans can live together in harmony, where families are reunited and hopes are reborn and where the light of peace chases away the darkness of war, this bright future is within on this is what's happening. it is right there, it is within our reach. it's going to be there, is going to happen. people thought thicould never take place. it is now taking place. a very great day. it's a great moment in the history of the world. chairman kim is on his way back to north korea and i know for a
cthat is soon as he arrives, he will start a process that will make a lot of people very happy and very safe. it's an honbe wh everybody today. the media, big gathering of media i will say. it makes me feel very uncomfortable. [laughter] it is.iwh ople ustand ths something ryortant to all yourselves and your family's so thank you very much for being here and we will take some questions. wow, that's a lot of questions, go ahead. thank you, nbc. >> two questions if you don't mind -- the man u met today, kim jong-un come as you know, has killed family members, has starved people, is responsible for the death of otoo war mbier.why are you comfortabl call it -- causing h -- why are comfortable calling him talented? >> anyone who has taken over at
26 years of old and run it tough he was nice,ying he ran it and very few people at that age -- you n take one out robl0,000 py. armbier is a very ecl rs and his parents are good friends of mine. i think without him, this would not have happened. something happened from that day.it was a terrible thing, it was brutal but a lot of people started to focus on what was going on including north korea. iseally think that otto someone who did not die in vague. i told this to his parents, special young man. i have to say special parents, special people. otto did not die invasion. he had a lot to do with us being here today. >> the second question was on the security assurances you
talked about in your statement. can you be specific about what assurances you are willing to give to kim jong-un? does that include military capabilities? >> where not reducing anything. at some point, i have to be honest, you know probably better than most -- i want to get our soldiers outcome i want to bring them back home. we now have 32,000 soldiers in south korea. i would like to be up to bring them back home but that's not heard of the equation right now. at some point, i hope it will be but not right now. we will be stopping the war games which will save us a tremendous amount of money unless and until we see the future negotiations are not going along like it should. be saving a tremendous amount of money plus i think it's very provocative. yesyes? go ahead.
i thought you are john roberts. much better. >> we are frequently confused, mr. president. not talk statement is about verifiable or irreversible denuclearization. is that a concession on the part of the united states? -- let's all, it said see here -- i don't think you can be anymore plane than what we are asking. we talk about the guarantees and we talk about unwavering commitment to the complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula. this is the document we just signed. did you discuss methods to verify with either the united states or international organizations that process?
>> we will be verify. it will be verified. a lot of people will be there. as we develop a certain trust and we think we have done that, secretary pompeo has been doing a fantastic job. weill have a lot of people there and we will be working with them on a lot of other things. this is complete denuclearization of north korea. >> will it be international or domestic? >> a commendation of both. be respectful. >> i will be very respectful, sir. what did kim jong-un sayo you to give you the confidence that, for once in the history of north korea, they are not cheating the system and gaming the world and gaming the people who have to go in and make sure they are actually giving up their nurse leader -- their nuclear arsenal?
>> that's a good point, they proceeded down a path in the past and ultimately, as you know, nothing got done. in one case, they took audience of dollars in the clinton regime, they took billions of dollars and nothing happened. that was a terrible thing and he actually brought it up to me. he said we have never gone this far. i don't think they have ever had the confidence frankly in a president they have right now for getting things done and having the ability to get things done. and he was very firm in the fact that he wants to do this. i think he might want to do this as my or even more than me. they see a bright future for north korea. you never know. we never know but we signed a very comprehensive document today. i think most of you have been given that document but we signed a very comprehensive document and i believe he will whenup to that will stop
he lands which will be shortly, i think he will start that process right away. i do, i can only say that i know him for -- really well, it has been rhetorical, as you know. without the rhetoric, it would not have happened but without other things going along, i think the estlishment of a new team was very portant. we have a great team. i think he wants to get it done, i feel it very strongly. you two guys look alike when the light is right. the hair is similar. who has better hair? pretty good hair. >> gets the angelic glow of the backlighting that makes us look similar. , biologicalrization weapons and whatnot is a problem and another huge problem is the horrible record they have on human rights. was that discussed at all?
is that something you will tackle. >> yes, it was tackled and it will be discussed in the future. what was also discussed in great -- il was the fact that must have cntss calls and tweets -- anything you can do, they want the remains of their sons back. but i want the remains of their fathers and mothers and all of the people that got caught in the brutal war. which took place to a large extent in north korea. i asked for it today. and we got it. .hat was the very last minute the remains will be coming back. they will start that process immediately. even during the campaign, they said is there any way you can work with north korea to get the remains of my son back for my father back. so many people asked me this question.
i said, look, we don't get along too well with that particular group of people. but now we do. andgreed to that so quickly so nicely. it was a very nice thing and he understands it. thousands,usands and i guess way over 6000 in terms of the remains, they w back. >> that pow mia issue is very important. >> especially to a lot of people. >> what do you expect kim jong-un to do about the shipping rights record regarding the north korean people? >> it was discussed relatively easily compared to denuclearization. obviously, that's where we started and ended. they will be doing things. i think he wants to do thanks. you would be very surprised. smart and very good negotiator.
he wants to do the right thing. he brought up the fact that in the past, they took dialogue, not like we are, there has never been anything like what has takeace now that they went down the line, billions of dollars were given and the following day, the nuclear program continued. this is a much different time and a much different president. it's important to me. this is one of perhaps one of the reasons i campaigned on this issue. whoever those people are, i cannot see you with all the lights. you don't look like either of the two -- go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president. did you touch on the issue of willeace treaty and also, you travel to pyeongchang anytime soon? >> at a certain time i will.
i look forward to that day at an appropriate time and i also will be inviting chairman kim at the appropriate time to the white house. i think it's really going to be something that will be very important. he has aepd. wante appropriate time, we to go further down the road. had a lotoday of things included. then you have things that were not included that we got after the deal was signed. i have done that before in my life will stop we did not put it in the agreement because we did not have time. i think most of you have been handed out the agreement or soon will. you have not? if you could have those agreements passed out, we just finished a little while ago. if you can have that passed out, you will see what we are talking about. congratulations, mr. president. what part did japan play? did the abduction issue come up
and the fate of the christians? when will you be doing an interview with japanese tv? 50,000 great troops, abduction, absolutely. has said ther abe whole denuclearization subject his main point. i absolutely brought it up and they will be working on that stop we did not put it out in the document but it will be in there. we brought it up very strongly. franklin graham spends a tremendous amount of time in north korea. it's close to his heart and it did come up and things will be happening. thank you, great question. yes, go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president.
the question of human rights, you spoke very powerfully on the issue during your state of the union address and you showed you had the with the crutches who escaped. you said north korea has more brutally oppressed its people than any other regime on earth. do you still believe that is the down with kimt jong-un? does he need to change that? >> it's a rough situation over there and we did discuss it today pretty strongly. knowing what the main purpose of what we were doing is, we discussed it at pretty good length. it is rough in a lot of places, by the way, not just there but it's rough and we will continue that and ultimately, we will agree to something. it was discussed at length outside of the nuclear situation
, one of the primary topics. >> what needs to change to bring on his glory of new era? >> it has to. that's you right there? >> what timetable do you envision for the denuclearization? are you thinking about easing any sanctions? >> scientifically, i have been watching and reading a lot about the senate does take a long time to pull off completing denuclearization. it takes a long time scientifically. you have to wait certain periods of time a lot of things happened but once you start the process, it means it's pretty much over. you can't use them, that's the good news and i will start very soon will . we will do it as fast as physically and mechanically it can don. the sanctions will come off and we are sure that the nukes are
no longer a factor. sanctions played a big role but they will come off of that point. i hope it wie soon. the sanctions right now rne t a certain point i actually look forward to taking them off. they will come off when we know we are down the road where nothing will happen. yes, go ahead, please. >> thank you, to president, congratulations on this historic summit. >> thank you very much, congratulations to everybody. >> you signed a document with kim jong-un own that's essentially a piece of paper. a briefing yesterday from the secretary of state and he said the following -- many presidents previously have signed on leases is a paper only to find the north korean leader did not promise what they thought they had or reneged on promises. what makes this time different? >> you have a different
administration, a different president. you have a different secretary of state. that it'seople important to them that we get it done. wasother groups may be it not a priority. i don't think they could have done it if it was a priority. at a think the honestly could have done it if it was a priority. it would have been easier back then. for me, it would have been easier if this was five or 10 years ago. i'm not just blaming president obama. this goes back 25 years this should have happened. i was given a very tough hand. i was given this and i was given the iran deal on plenty of other problems. but we are doing really well. i have to be honest, i did it because nuclear is always number one to me. on the iran deal, i think iran is a different country now than it was three or four months ago. i don't think they are looking
so much to the mediterranean. i don't think they are looking so much at syria like they were with total confidence. i don't think they are so confident right now but i hope at the appropriate time, after the sanctions kick in and they are brutal what we have put on iran, i hope they will come back and negotiate a real deal because i would love to be able to do that. right now, it's too soon for that. >> you often talk about establishing diplomatic relations, exchanging ambassadors. how long before that happens? good question, hopefully soon. we will have to get things moving. first it's a little bit early for that. yes? >> can you indicate when you are stopping wargames, military exercises with south korea? >> we have done is for a long time.
we call them wargames and i call them wargames and they are tremendously expensive, the amount of my we spend on that is incredible. south korea contributes but not 10 which is certainly a subject we have to talk to them about also. that has to do with the military expense and also the trade. have a new deal with south korea in terms of a trade deal but we have to talk to many countries about treating us fairly. e wargames are very expensive. we pay for a big majority of them. we fly in bombers from warm. i asked where the bombers come from. , 6.5 hours, that's a long time for these massive to south be flying korea to practice and then drop bombs and then go back to why am. i know a lot about -- go back to
guam. i know a lot about airplanes. i think it's very provocative, have to tell you. it's a very provocative situation. when i see that and you have a door, undert next the circumstances we are negotiating a very comprehensive and complete deal. i think it's inappropriate to have wargames. number one, we save money, a lot will stop and number two, it really is something i think they very much appreciate. >> did north korea give you something in return? >> i have heard that. some of the people -- maybe they mean it but i don't know. especially not today. i noticed that some of the people are saying that the president has agreed to meet. he has given up so much. i am here.othing,
i havnot slept in 24 hours but i thought it was appropriate to do because we have been negotiating for literally around the clock. with them, with us, with john and mike and the whole team of talented people. but we haveot n given up anything other than, you are right, i agreed to meet. i think the meeting was every bit as good for the united states as it was for north korea. i just wrote down some of things weot. they got a meeting. but only a person that dislikes donald trump would say that i have agreed to make a big commitment. sure, i agreed to take a of time to meet but i think it's great for us as a country and i think it's good for them. do to justify this meeting? completeommitment for denuclearization.
that's the big thing. they secured the release of ree american hostages. they already gave them to us two months ago. these peoe are now living happily backouhos with thei families and it was pretty rough. to put it mildly. secure the commitment to recover the remains including those of and they are giving a commitment. they will recover the remains and i just went through how many people asked me about it. so money people would ask me if it's possible. at that time, we had no chairman kim or anybody else in north korea. it was a very closed society. back, getting the remains secured the halt of all missile and nuclear tests for, how long has it been, seven months no
missile? you have not had a nuclear test or a nuclear explosion. event tookclear place, 8.8 on the richter scale and i heard it on the radio that a massivenced earthquake took place somewhere in asia. they said it was in north korea and i found that it was a nuclear test. i said i never heard of a richter scale in the high 8's and if you look, there has been no missile launches. they have blown up their missile area, that will take place. that has not been written into the contract but we will give you e exact details. a halt of all missiles and all nuclear tests. they secured the closure of their single, primary nuclear them ine, all three of an area that's common around each other.
they secured the closure. they secured the commitment to destroy the missile engine testing site. that was not in the agreement and i got that after we signed the agreement. i said do me a favor, you've got this missile engine testing site and we know where it is because of the heat all stop it's incredible the equipment we have. i said can you close it up? he will close it up. we maintained the ability to to apply sanctions. we are applying sanctions. i had 300 sanctions that i was getting ready to put on last week. i said it would be disrespectful to put them on when we are meeting. 300 very big ones. very powerful ones. i said it would be disrespectful. when you look at all of those ourgs we got an what we got hostages back, did not pay 1.8 million dollars in cash like the
hostages they came back from iran which was a disgraceful situation what took place. we've gotten a lot so when i hear somebody in the media say that president trump has agreed to meet -- it's not a big deal to meet. i think we should meet on a lot of different topics, not just this one and i believe a lot of great things can happen. yes, go ahead, please. you just listed a lot of things you say you got in this meeting. it wasn't too long ago that you said you define success of this meeting by north korea giving up its nuclear weapons. >> that's what they are doing. can you say why you did not secure the details in this agreement? there was notp:
enough time. the process will now take place. if theynot be surprise haven't started already. they did start already. they blew up their testing site. i will say that he knew prior to -- this was not like a surprise or we never discussed it -- we discussed it. mike discussed it very strongly with his counterpart in north korea. they knew -- if they did not ree, there was no agreement that could have been signed. today not a big point because this had been taken care of more than any other thing because it was all about this. this has been taken care of before we got here's when we brought it up today, you see the line which comments very strong, it's in the document. yes, ma'am? mr. president. can you talk about the military consequences for north korea if they don't follow through on the commitment?
toughent trump: that's a thing to talk about. i don't want to be threatening. they understood that. you have seen what was perhaps going to happen. ul has 28 million people. we think wee big cities. new york has 8 million people. it's right next to the border. it's right next to the dmz. it's right there. -- iis would have happened have heard 100,000 people -- i think you could have lost 20 million people, 30 million people. this is an honor for me to be doing this because potentially, you could have lost 50 million isple, the city of seoul right next to the border. fury,t about the fire and is that no longer the case? president trump: perhaps we
needed that at the time because we could not have allowed that kind of capability from the standpoint of the united states and certainly japan was not going to allow it either. japan is right next door. >> can you tell us about the video you showed before this. did you show that two cam? --kim? youident trump: i hope liked it, i thought it was interesting enough to show. one in english and one in korean. .e had it made up i showed it to him today, during the meeting, toward the end of the meeting. i think he loved it. we did not have a big screen. we had it on a cassette. an ipad, and they played it. about eight of their representatives were watching and i thought they were fascinated. i thought it was well done. i showed it because that is the
future. that could well be the future. is not a alternative very good alternative. it's just not good. it because i really want him to do something. i don think i had to show it because i believe he wants to get it done. yes, go ahead. how was the staten island ferry doing? he wrote the best story about me with the staten island ferry but since then, he is not written anything. >> it's been a busy week for you on the international stage. you are leaving the summit singapore having determined the kim jong-un own is a talented man. you left the g-7 summit a few days ago having determined that prime minister trudeau is weak and dishonest. what do you sayo america's allies who worried you might be jeopardizing our long-term alliances?
president trump: i think it's a fair question. i had a very good meeting with the g-7. i left the meeting and i will be honest, we are being taken advantage of by virtually everyone of those countries. the united states, because of that management at the top and presidents who did not care about trade or understand it or whatever reason, for many years, being obviously the most successful at it but the european union the second, $151 billion we lost, we are being taken advantage of with trade. have very big advantages over us in terms of trade deficits. we have a big trade deficit with canada. it's not a surplus. 100 -- theyually be .ut out a document
they did not want me to see it but i saw it. it's close to $100 billion a yeaross th canada. they d't take our foreign products from any of them. they charge what was once 270% but someone told me they raised it to 295% for dairy products. our farmersfair to and very unfair to the people of our country, the workers, farmers, the companies. able to trade and they have tremendous barriers their intimate as terrorists. when i put in a countervailing tariff, they said oh, that's terrible. i said we have to catch you a little bit and have alan's human if it's not complete. i say this with many countries. meeng, we finished the and everybody was happy. i agreed to sign something and i asked for changes, i demanded changes.
i had a picture with angela merkel who i get along with very well where i am sitting there like this, we were waiting for the document because i wanted to see the final document with the changes i -- i requested. i know it did not look friendly. it was reported masted both ways. talking, we were just the whole group about something unrelated to everything, very friendly, waiting for the document to come back so i could read it before it left. friendly. it was my gun on the plane, i think just did not know that air force one has about 20 televisions. i see the television and he's giving a news conference about he will not be pushed around by the united states. him around? we just shook hands. it was very friendly. countries cannot continue to take advantage ous on ade. over the last couple of years and over the last many years but over the last couple of years, this country has lost $800
billion on trade with other countries, the biggest one being china. $800 billion. 151 alien dollars with the european union. they don't take our agricultural products barely, they don't take a lot of what we haven't yet th send mercedes and bmw's by the millions. it's very unfair. it's very unfair to our workers and i will straighten it out and it will not be tough. thank you. go ahead. go ahead. >> [indiscernible] president trump: i would like to involve congress. i have a good relationship with justin trudeau, i really did other than he had a news
conference. he assumed i was and era plan i wasn't watching. cost a lot of money for the people of canada. you cannot do that. we laughed, we had a good relationship. relationship, i have a good relationship with angela merkel. on nato, we are paying 4.2% and she is 91% with a smaller gdp than we have. from 60 to 90% of nato and we are protecting countries of europe and on top of it, they kill us on trade so we cannot have it that way. it's unfair to her taxpayers and their people. i have a good relationship with justin and i think a very good relationship with chairman camera now. right now. kim i think we have gone a long way to solving it today. should we keep going for a little while?
i don't know's up to the legendary sarah huckabee sanders. should we keep going? ok, we will go, i don't care. it just means we get home a little later in e eveng. go ahead. how are you? president, i am from singapore and welcome to the country. president trump: a beautiful country. >> you described this as a process. what is the immediate next step? is there ongoing dialogue? >> we are getting together next week to go into details. bolton andith john our team to go over the details and get this stuff done. we want to get it done and he wants to get it done and we are working very much with south korea and working with japan. we are working with china to a lesser extent.
>> you're coming back to singapore? president trump: i would gladly come back. your prime minister was fantastic. he has done a great job and it was very welcoming. it probably made a difference. thank you very much. #>> thank you, mr. president. what was it about the first interaction with chairman kim this morning that made you decide not to walk away after you said you wou kin the fit minute. president trump: i have said that about relationships and people. i was generous, i said five seconds but in the first second, in some cases. sometimes that does not work out. but sometimes it does. from the beginning, we got along but there has been a lot of groundwork. it wasn't like we started talking aboutart these very complex subjects that have been going on for 70 years.
we have been discussing this for months. once the rhetoric stopped, once they did a great thing -- north korea did a great thing by going to the olympics. president moon will tell you this, the olympics was not exactly doing great. people do not feel like being bombed out of the opening ceremonies. there were not exactly selling tickets. kim saids chairman let's participate, it sold like wildfire and was a great success. he did a great thing. since that time, pretty much since time, the delegation came from south korea and they came to the white house and told me lots of things including the fact that they would be willing e-nuke, that they were willing to de-nuke.
once that started, we have been talking about that from the end of the olympics when the delegation came to save various -nuke. including de >> in the document you signed earlier, north korea agreed to denuclearization. how do you ensure that north korea is not all talk and no action? president trump: can you ensure anything? can i ensure that you can sit down properly when you sit down? want ton say is they make a deal. that's what i do. my whole life has been deal and i've been great at it. i know when somebody wants a deal and i know one somebody doesn't. many politicians don't but it's my thing. this could have been done i think easier along time ago. strongly,i feel very
my instinct and ability or talent, they want to make a deal. making a deal is a great thing for the world. it's also a great thing for china. i cannot imagine china is happy with somebody having nuclear weapons so close. china was very helpful. i think he wants to make a deal. can anybody be certain? we are going to be certain send because the negotiations continue. thank you very much. go ahead. mentioned you have raised the issue of human rights with chairman kim. what wouldou sayo the group of people who have no ability to hear or see this press conference, the 100,000 north koreans, have you betrayed them by legitimizing pyongyang? president trump: i think i have helped them. say. is nothing i can
all i can do is do what i can do. we have to stop denuclearization and do other things and that's a very important thing. make a moreu can positive statement or ask a more positive question. at some point, i think he will do things about it. i think they are one of the great winners today, that large group of people you're talking about. i think ultimately, they will be one of the great winners as a group will stop go ahead. >> would you ever consider removing the sanns without significant improvement in the human rights situation? president trump: i want significant improvement. i want to know that it's happening. there will be a point at which even though you want be finished gaza cannot happen mechanically or scientifically, you will not be able to go back. once we reach that point, i will give that very serious thought. yes, go ahead. you first.
>> did you also discuss the cost howenuclearization and north korea can foot the bill with crippling sanctions in place? president trump: i think japan can help them very greatly. they know they will have to help them and i think they will help them greatly. we won't have to help them. the united states has been paying a big price in many different places. theh korea which is obvious right next-door and japan which is essentially next-door, they will be helping them. think they will be doing a very generous and terrific job so they will be helping them. yes? >> thank you, mr. president. i would like to follow up on steve's question, how long uld it take to dean and the rise -- to denuclearize the korean peninsula. you say a long time, how long is that? donedent trump: it will be
as fast as it can be done scientifically and mechanically. i have read carver stories, it's a 15 year process assuming you want to do it quickly, i don't believe that. whoever wrote that is wron ,here will be a point at which when you were 20% through, you cannotck. >> how long is that? uncleent trump: i had an who was a professor at m.i.t. and i discussed nuclear with him all the time and he was a great and brilliant genius, dr. john trumpet m.i.t. and i think he was there 40 years. talk about nuclear. we're talking about a very complex subject. it's not like just get rid of the nukes. it takes time. the main time i am talking is the first -- when you hit a certain point it's very hard to go back. >> how long will that take? president trump: we don't know
but it will go quickly. >> i wanted to ask on the sanctions campaign, you alluded that the chinese are not doing as great a job securing the border as they were before and you expressed some doubts when kim went to see president xin the russian foreign minister said there should not be any sanctions while negotiations are underway. and the south koreans are not talking about restoring some form of trade. with all of those players. to be moving toward eroding sanctions, how can you keep the sanctions regime in place? what leverage do you have on these countries? president trump: we have tremendous leverage. i believe that china, despite my relationship with resident xi who i have great respect for and , we are having tough talks on trade. i thin that probably affect
china's somewhat but i have to do what i have to do. i think over the last two months, the border is more open than when we first started. that is what it is and we have to do it. deficit inremendous trade. it'mmlynown as a trade deficit. we have a tremendous defic and trade with china may have to do something about it. we can i continue to let that happen. i think that has had an impact on my relationship in terms of the border. -- i don'tnk it has think it affects my feeling or my relationship to president xi a when we first started, we were not ready to go that route and as we started preparing and getting ready to do this, i think that has had an impact on the border which is a shame but i have to do it, have no choice. i have to do it for our country. south korea will do what is ever necessary to get it deal done.
they will deftly not trade. they would do this with our concurrence -- if they think they can do some work because we are far down the line, we are actually very far. numeral the document today, that is far down the line. that is not something that happens to be put together. this was done over months. wasn, the rhetoric important and the sanchez were important. i don't know which one was more important. they were both important. yes, go ahead. >> new york times, i was wondering if you could give us some sense of whether chairman kim told you how many nuclear he made andelieveds whether he will turn is over first and whether, in your mind, you need to do more than was done in the iran deal or actually dismantle both the uranium and plutonium processes and whether you had a sense that
chairman kim really understood what that involved and had a timetable in his own mind of shutting that? president trump: i can tell you he understands. he understands it so well and understands it better than the people doing the work for him. that is an easy one. the timing will go quickly. i believe you will see good action. one of the things with the missile site, that was a throw in at the end. believe that it will go very quickly. it's a substantial arsenal. there is no question about it. i used to say that is all talk and no action. but we have pretty good intelligence into that but probably less there than any other country.
you understand that may be better than anybody in the room. probably less there than any other country but we have enough intelligence to know that what they have is worried substantial. this is why i always say that the should not have taken place so late in the process. wouldn't this have been better of it was five years ago or 20 years ago or 15 years ago and we did not have to worry about not having a successful meeting like today? love my first interview with you, david. i still have that interview. go ahead. >> if there is a second summit with chairman kim jong-un, will it be in pyongyang? setident trump: we have not that up. we will probably need another meeting.
we are much further along than i would have thought. i have told people, i did not want to build up hopes too much. i told people that i thought this would be a successful eting if we got along and developed a relationship and we could've maybe gotten to this point in three or four months from now. it really happen very quickly. a lot of that was because of the foundation that was put down before we met. a lot of things happened very fast. example,t have, as bringing back the remains, that was not one of the things that was on her agenda today. it happened at the very end because so many people had talked about it to me and i brought up at the very end. he was really very gracious. -- he said it makes sense. they know where many of those incredible people are, where they are buried, along roads come along highways come along paths usually.
our soldiers were moving back and forth on the had to move rapidly. it's reset. he knew and that was brought up at the very end. able toreat that he was do that and many people will be happy about that. go ahead, please. >> thank you, mr. president. congratulations. thank you for the nice way you treat us it's really good. >> president trump: now i will probably get a killer question. >> i want to talk about the future of north korea, specifically the people. kim jong-un wants a brighter future with prosperity for his people. they have lived under oppression and you showed them the video of what the future can be like. do you have an idea ecifically of the model that he would like to go toward economically? is he open to more economic freedom? president trump: you saw the
tape today. i think it was done really well but that was done at the highest level of future development. i told him, you may not want this. you may want to do a smaller version of this. you may want that. there's trains and everything else, super everything. maybe you don't want that. it will be up to them. it will be up to the people what they want. they may not want that. i can understand that, too. that was a version of what could happen and what could take place. as an example, they have great beaches. you see that when they explode their cannons into the ocean. wouldn't that make a great condo? of doing that, you could have the best hotels in the world right there. think of it from a real estate perspective. you have south korea, china and they own the land in the middle, how bad is that? it's great.
i told him you may not want to do a smaller version of it. that could be. i tell you what, you look at that tape, he looked at that ipad and i'm telling you, they really enjoyed it. yeah, go ahead. we will do three more. go ahead. >> from time magazine -- president trump: mi on the cover again this week? >> it's entirely possible. do you see kim jong-un as an equal? president trump: in what way? a video thathowed showed you and kim jong-un on equal footing and discussing the future. president trump: no, i don't view it that way. i will do whatever it takes to make the world a safer place. if i have to say i'm sitting on a stage -- i understand what
you're getting at -- if i have to say i'm sitting on a stage with chairman kim and that will get us to save 30 million lives, it could be more than that -- i am willing to sit on the stage. i am willing to travel to singapore, very gladl fact that it is taking my time, they have given up a terminus amount. they have given up even before and even after the olympics. you can add the topics to the question. they went to the olympics. it was going to be a massive failure, maybe it would not have opened and i made it a tremendous success i agree to participate. add that to the list of things they have done. brian, if i can save millions of lives by coming here, sitting down, and establishing a relationship with someone who was a very parable man -- he has a veryntrol- who is
powerful man, he has firm control of a country and has powerful nuclear weapons, it's my honor to do it. think -- are you concerned that the video you showed him could be used as propaganda? president trump: no, i'm not concerned at all. >> in the year 2000, president got a request from kim him -il to travel to meet and clinton refused. he sent senator albright. president trump: descent $3 billion and got nothing, what a great deal. >> you got the request and right away went to meet him. people say you gave him the ultimate present, a legitimacy to a regime without an ongoing process before you come as a u.s. president and leader of the free world, meet and shake hands
with this leader of north korea wh perceived to be oppressing brutally his own people. president trump: i thi we just answer theuestion. >> do you understand? president trump: i understand it better than you do. go ahead. think it very much. yes? >> from politico -- you mentioned couple of specific concessions you got from kim, the return of remains and the destruction of the nuclear sites. president trump: and much more. >> you said the last thing was in ad on and was not in the agreement but he gave his word. if he doesn't follow through on epared to do in response? will you lose faith in this process? president trump: no, i think he will do it. otherwise it would not be doing this. it was the engine testing site in addition to all of the other things they have agreed to do. they have a very powerful engine
testing site that we can see because of thethat it emits. happy with those two points that you mentioned. i think you might be referring to the thing that's not in their which is the engine testing site. honestly, i think he will do these things. i may be wrong. i may stand before you and six months and say i was wrong. i don't know that i will ever admit that but i will find an excuse. one more -- go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president. i would like to know, will you call the chinese president before you go back to d.c. to discuss the achievements you made today? president trump: i will. >> what is your expectations about china's role in the process?
president trump: my expectation about china is that china is a great country with a great leader and a friend of mine. and i really believe he is happy we have made this kind of progress. i will be calling him very shortly, maybe before i land. the united states is a great country and we have set records economically, over $7 trillion in net worth in addition to what we have. we are almost twice the size, the economy of the united states, nobody talks about this because you hear about china and rightfully so. the united states now is almost twice the size of the economy of china. we have a great country and we are on a correct path. one more and that will be it. where is south korea? i ink you deserve -- go ahead, go, you deserve one.
you deserve one. >> i have two questions for you, mr. president. you mentioned earlier you will talk with the south korean president. what do you plan to discuss with him? i just want to: tell them about the successful meeting and he will be very much involved in the final negotiation. is a very fine gentleman and a friend of mine. i look forward to speaking with him and he will be very happy when he hears -- i have already sent word to him about what happened. i sent him a document actually in all of the details behind the document. i will be talking to them shortly. >> if i may ask another question, in signing a peace treaty, do you plan to work this out with north korea's chairman what youquestion mark think of the involvement of south kod chana as a signatory. president trump: i would like to have them involved. i think it would be great to
have china involved and also south korea. at? >> [indiscernible] they have aump: do transcript? they probably have a rough transcript. give it to them if they have one. they did not record it. i don't think they recorded it. are there any recordings? i wish there were. it is interesting stuff. we probably have some notes or something that they have actually detailed notes i imagine. we had a great conversation. it was a very heartfelt conversation. >> [indiscernible] [inaudible] we don't havep: to verify because i have of the great memoriesal so i don't have to. ok? >> [indiscernible] president trump: i don't want to
discuss it we have had numerous discussions. we have had very important relationships established at mike's level and other korea, te in the room. there are a few people in the back as well. we have a few people from the back. when we went into this final in witht, we went tremendous relationship and tremendous knowledge. i think that's why we got it done. i am going to head back. it has been a long time since i've taken it easy. now we can take it a little bit easy and then the work begins again. i hope we answered your questions. congratulations, everybody. to me, it is an important event in world history. to be really true to myself i itt to add i want to get
completed. our teamas to get to work to get it completed. if you don't get the ball over it doesn't mean enough. thank you. congratulations to everybody in the room. >> coming up, a look at the . ..s.-north korea summit 7:30 our guest is michael o'hanlon. at 8:00 a.m., we talk to gary , former white house coordinator for arms control for the obama administration. 9:00 a.m. we hear from daryl , the executive director from the arms control association. he discusses north korea's nuclear capability. ♪