tv VP Pence Remarks on China at Hudson Institute CSPAN October 8, 2018 1:10am-2:02am EDT
criminal, which i think is the majority of what most people deal with, all the way to nationstates trying to gain access to sensitive information. were trying to be in a position where infrastructure is at risk. >> monday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span two. >> on thursday, vice president mike pence accused china of interfering in the 2018 midterm elections. his comments came during remarks at the hudson institute in washington. this is just over 30 minutes. ♪
>> thank you, ken, for that kind introduction. to members of the board of trustees, to dr. michael pillsbury, to our distinguished guests, and to all of you who , true to your mission in this place, think about the future in unconventional ways. it is an honor to be back at the hudson institute. for more than a half century this institute has dedicated itself to advancing global security, prosperity, and freedom. while hudson's hometown has changed over the years, one thing has been constant. you always advanced that vital truth. that american leadership lights the way. and today, speaking of leadership, allow me to begin by bringing greetings from a great champion of american leadership at home and abroad. i bring greetings from the 45th president of the united states
of america, president donald trump. [applause] from early in this administration, president trump has made our relationship with china and president xi a priority. on april 6th of last year, president trump welcomed president xi to mar-a-lago. china's leader welcomes him warmly in beijing. over the course of the past of two years our president has forged a strong personal relationship with the president of the peoples republic of china, and they have worked closely on issues of common interest. most importantly the denuclearization of the korean peninsula. but i come before you today because the american people deserve to know that as we speak beijing is employing a whole of government approach using political, economic, and military tools as well as
propaganda to advance its influence and benefit its interests in the united states. china is also applying this power in more pro-active ways than ever before, to exert influence and interfere with domestic policy and politics of this country. under president trump's leadership, the united states has taken decisive action to respond to china with american action. applying the principals and the policies long advocated in these halls. in our national security strategy that the president released last december, he described a new era of great power competition. foreign nations have begun to, as we wrote, reassert their influence regionally and globally. and they are contesting america's geopolitical advantages and trying in essence to change the international order in their favor. in this strategy, president trump made clear that the united
states of america has adopted a new approach to china. we seek a relationship grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for sovereignty. and we have taken strong and swift action to achieve that goal. as the president said last year on his visit to china, in his words, we have an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between our two countries. and improve the lives of our citizens. our vision of the future is built on the best parts of our past. when america and china reached out to one another in a spirit of openness and friendship, when our young nation went searching in the wake of the revolutionary war for new markets for our exports, the chinese people welcomed american traders laden with fur. when china suffered through indignities during her so-called
century of humiliation, america refused to join in and advocated the open door policy so we could have freer trade with china and preserve their sovereignty. when american missionaries brought the good news to china shores, they were moved by the rich culture of an ancient and vibrant people, and not only did they spread their faith, but the same missionaries founded some of china's first and finest universities. when the second world war arose, we stood together as allies in the fight against imperialism. in the war's aftermath, america ensured china became a charter member of the united nations and a great shaper of the post war world. but soon after it took power in 1949, the chinese communist party began to explore authoritarian expansion. five years after our nations had fought together, we fought each other. in the mountains and valleys of
the korean peninsula. my own father saw combat on that frontier of freedom. but not even the brutal korean war could diminish our mutual desire to restore the ties that for so long had bound our peoples together. china's estrangement from the united states ended in 1972. soon after, we reestablished diplomatic relations and began to open our economies to one another. american universities began training a new generation of chinese engineers, business leaders, scholars, and officials. after the fall of the soviet union, we assumed that a free china was inevitable. heady with optimism at the turn of the 21st certainty, america agreed to give beijing open access to our economy. we brought china into the world trade organization. previous administrations made this choice in the hope that freedom in china would expand in all of its forms.
not just economically, but politically, with a new found respect for classical liberal principals. private property, personal liberty, religious freedom, the entire family of human rights. that hope has gone unfulfilled. the dream of freedom remains distant for the chinese people. and while beijing still pays lip ,ervice to reform and opening famous policy now rings hollow. over the past 17 years, china's gdp has grown nine fold. it has become the second largest economy in the world. much of this success was driven by american investment in china. the chinese communist party has also used an arsenal of policies inconsistent with free and fair trade, including tariffs,
quotas, current manipulation, -- currency manipulation, forced technology transfer, intellectual property theft, and industrial subsidies that are handed out like candy to foreign investment. these policies have built beijing's manufacturing base at the expense of its competitors, especially the united states of america. china's actions have contributed to a trade deficit with the united states that last year ran to $375 billion. nearly half of our global trade deficit. as president trump said just this week, in his words, we rebuilt china over the last 25 years. now, through the made in china 2025 plan, the communist party has set its sights on controlling 90% of the world's most advanced industries,
including robotics, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence. to win the commanding heights of the 21st century economy beijing has directed its bureaucrats and businesses to obtain american intellectual property, the foundation of our economic leadership, by any means necessary. beijing now requires many american businesses to hand over their trade secrets as the cost of doing business in china. it also coordinates and sponsors the acquisition of american firms to gain ownership of their creations. worst of all, chinese security agencies have masterminded the wholesale theft of american technology, including cutting edge military blueprints. and using that stolen technology, the chinese communist party is turning plow shares into swords on a massive scale. china now spends as much on its
military as the rest of asia combined. and beijing has prioritized capabilities to erode america's military advantages at land, at sea, in air, and in space. china wants nothing less than to push america from the western pacific and to attempt to prevent us from coming to the aid of our allies. but they will fail. beijing is also using its power like never before. chinese ships routinely patrol around islands administered by japan. and while china's leader stood in the rose garden at the white house in 2015 and said that his country had, and i quote, no intention to militarize the south china sea, today beijing has deployed advanced anti-ship and anti-air missiles on top of
archipelago of artificial islands. china's aggression was on display this week when a chinese naval vessel came within 45 yards of the uss decatur as it conducted freedom of navigation operations in the south china sea forcing our ship to quickly maneuver to avoid collision. despite such reckless harassment, the united states navy will continue to fly, sail, and operate wherever international law allows, and our national interest demand. we will not be intimidated and we will not stand down. [applause] america had hoped that economic
liberalization would bring china into greater partnership with us and with the world. instead, china has chosen economic aggression which has in turn emboldened its growing military. nor, as we had hoped, as beijing moved toward greater freedom for its own people. for a time, beijing inched toward greater liberty and respect for human rights. but in recent years, china has taken a sharp u-turn toward control and oppression of its own people. today, china has built and unparalleled surveillance state and it's growing more expansive and intrusive, often with the help of u.s. technology. what they call the great firewall of china, likewise grows higher, drastically restricting the free flow of information to the chinese people. by 2020, chinese's rulers aim to
-- china's rulers aim to implement an or wellian system premised on controlling every facet of human life. the so-called social credit score. in the words of that program's official blueprint, it will allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step. and when it comes to religious freedom, a new wave of persecution is crashing down on chinese christians, buddhists, and muslims. last month, beijing shut down one of china's largest underground churches. across the country authorities are tearing down crosses, burning bibles, and imprisoning believers. and beijing has now reached a deal with the vatican that gives
communistly atheist party a direct role in appointing catholic bishops. for chinese christians, these are desperate times. beijing is also cracking down on buddhism. over the past decade over 150 tibetan buddhist monks have lit themselves on fire to protest china's repression of their belief and culture. jing jang, the communist party has imprisoned more than one million muslims in government camps where they endure around the clock brainwashing. survivors of the camps have described their experiences a deliberate attempt by beijing to strangle culture and stamp out the muslim faith. as history attests though, a country that oppresses its own
people rarely stops there. and beijing also aims to extend its reach across the wider world. as hudson's own dr. michael pillsbury has written, china has opposed the actions and goals of the united states government. indeed, china is building its own relationships with american allies and enemies that contradict any peaceful or productive intentions of beijing. in fact, china uses so-called debt diplomacy to expand its influence. today that country is offering hundreds of billions of dollars in infrastructure loans to governments to africa, europe, and even latin america. yet, the terms of those loans are opaque at best and benefits invariably flow overwhelmingly to beijing.
just ask sri lanka which took on a massive debt to let chinese state companies build a port of questionable commercial value. two years ago, that country could no longer afford its payments, so beijing pressured sri lanka to deliver the newport directly into chinese hands. it may soon become a forward military base for china's growing blue water navy. within our own hemisphere, beijing has extended a lifeline to the corrupt and incompetent maduro regime in venezuela that's been oppressing its own people. they pledged $5 billion in questionable loans to be repaid with oil. china is also that country's single largest creditor. saddling the venezuelan people with more than $50 billion in debt, even as their democracy vanishes.
beijing is also impacting some nations' politics by providing direct support to parties and candidates who promise to accommodate china's strategic objectives. since last year alone, the chinese communist party has convinced three latin american nations to sever ties with taipei and recognize beijing. these actions threaten the stability of the taiwan strait, and the united states of america condemns these actions. while our administration will continue to respect our one china policy as reflected in the three joined communiques in the taiwan relations act, america will always believe that taiwan's embrace of democracy shows a better path for all the chinese people. [applause]
these are only a few of the ways that china has sought to advance its strategic interests across the world, with growing intensity and sophistication. yet previous administrations all but ignored china's actions. and in many cases they abetted them. but those days are over. under president trump's leadership, the united states of america has been defending our interests with renewed american strength. we have been making the strongest military in the history of the world stronger still. earlier this year, president trump signed into law the largest increase in our national defense since the days of ronald reagan. $716 billion to extend the strength of the american military to every domain. we are modernizing our nuclear arsenal. we are fielding and developing new cutting edge fighters and bombers.
we are building a new generation of aircraft carriers and warships. we are investing as never before in armed forces and this includes initiating the process to establish the united states space force to ensure our continued dominance in space and we have taken action to authorize increased capability in the cyber world to build deterrents against our adversaries. at president trump's direction, we are also implementing tariffs on $250 billion in chinese goods. with the highest tariffs specifically targeting the advanced industries that beijing is trying to capture and control. and as the president has also made clear, we will levy even more tariffs with the possibility of substantially more than doubling that number unless a fair and reciprocal trade deal is made. [applause]
these actions, exercises and american strength, have had a major impact. china's largest stock exchange fell by 25% in the first nine months of this year, in large part because our administration has been standing strong against beijing's trade practices. as president trump has made clear, we do not want china's markets to suffer. but the u.s. wants beijing to pursue trade policies that are free, fair, and reciprocal. we will continue to stand and demand that they do. [applause] sadly, china's rulers have refused to take that path. the american people deserve to know. in response to the strong stance
president trump has taken, beijing is pursuing they comprehended and coordinated campaign of underlying support to the president, our agenda, and our nation's most cherished ideals. i want to tell you today what we know about china's actions at home. some of which are publicly available. all of which are fact. as i said before, as we speak, beijing is employing a whole of government approach to advance its influence and benefit its interests. it's employing its power in more proactive and coercive ways to interfere in the domestic policies of this country, and interfere in the politics of the u.s. the chinese communist party is rewarding or coercing american
businesses, movie studios, universities, think tanks, scholars, journalists, and local state and federal officials. worst of all, china has initiated an unprecedented effort to influence american public opinion. the 2018 elections and the environment leading into the 2020 presidential elections. to put it bluntly, president trump's leadership is working. china wants a different american president. there can be no doubt, china is meddling in america's democracy. as president trump said last week, we have found china is attempting to interfere in our upcoming midterm elections. our intelligence community says china is targeting u.s. state
and local governments, and officials, to exploit any divisions between federal and local levels on policy. it is using wedge issues, like trade tariffs, to advance beijing's political influence. in june, beijing itself circulated a sensitive document entitled "propaganda and censorship notice." it laid out its strategy. stated china must "strike accurately and carefully, splitting apart different domestic groups in the u.s." to that end, beijing has mobilized covert actors, from groups, and propaganda to shift american perception of chinese policies. as a senior member of our intelligence community told me,
what the russians are doing pales in comparison to what china is doing across this country. the american people deserve to know. senior chinese officials have also tried to influence business leaders, to encourage them to condemn our trade actions, levy their desire to maintain operations in china. in one recent example, china threatened to deny a business license for a major u.s. corporation if they refused to speak out against our administration's policies. when it comes to influencing the midterms, you need only look at --beijing's tariffs in response to ours. they targeted industries and states that would play an important role in the 2018 elections. by one estimate, more than 80% of u.s. counties targeted by
china voted for president trump and i in 2016. now, china wants to turn these voters against our administration. china is also directly appealing to american voters. last week, the chinese government paid to have a multi-paid supplement in the des moines register. the paper of record of the home state of our ambassador to china and a pivotal state in 2018 and 2020. the supplement designed to look like a news article cast our trade policies as reckless and harmful. fortunately, americans are not buying it.
for example, american farmers are standing with this president and seeing real results from the strong stance he has taken, including this week's u.s.-mexico-canada agreement, where we opened north american markets to u.s. products. the u.s. mca is a great win for american farmers and manufacturers. [applause] china's actions aren't focused solely on influencing our policies and politics. beijing is also taking steps to exploit its economic leverage and the allure of their large marketplace on american businesses. beijing now requires american joint ventures that operate in china to establish what they call party organizations within the company. giving the communist party a voice, and perhaps a veto, in hiring an investment decision. chinese authorities have also
threatened u.s. companies that depict taiwan as a geographic entity, or straight from chinese policy on tibet. beijing compelled delta airlines to apologize for not calling taiwan a province of china on its website. it pressured marriott to fire a u.s. employee who merely liked a tweet about tibet. beijing routinely demands hollywood portray china in a strictly positive light. it punishes studios and producers that don't. beijing sensors are quick to edit or outlaw movies that criticize china, even in minor ways. for the movie "world war z," they had to cut the mention of a virus because it originated in china. the movie "red dawn" was edited
to make the villains north korean, not chinese. beyond business and entertainment, chinese communist party is spending billions on propaganda outlets in the u.s. frankly, around the world. china radio international now broadcasts beijing friendly programs on over 30 u.s. outlets, many in major american cities. the china global television network reaches more than 75 million americans. it gets its marching orders directly from its communist party masters. as china's top leader put it during a visit to the network's headquarters, "the media run by the party and the government are propaganda fronts, and must have
the party as their surname." it's for those reasons and that reality that last month, the department of justice ordered that network to register as a foreign agent. the communist party has also threatened and detained the chinese family members of american journalists who pry too deep. it blocked the websites of u.s. media organizations and made it harder for our journalists to get visas. this happened after the new york times published investigative reports about the wealth of some of china's leaders. the media isn't the only place where chinese communist party seeks a culture of censorship. the same is true across academia. look no further than the chinese students and scholars association, of which there are more than 150 branches across america's campuses.
these groups help organize social events for some of the more than the 430,000 chinese nationals studying in the united states. they also alert chinese consulates and embassies when chinese students and american schools stray from the communist party line. at the university of maryland, a chinese student recently spoke at her graduation of what she called "the fresh air of free speech in america." the communist party's official newspaper swiftly chastised her. she became the victim of a firestorm of criticism on china's tightly controlled social media. and her family back home was harassed. as for the university itself, its exchange program with china, one of the nation's most extensive, suddenly turned from
a flood to a trickle. china exerts academic pressure and other ways as well. beijing provides generous funding to universities, think tanks and scholars. with the understanding that they will avoid ideas that the communist party finds dangerous or offensive. china experts and particular know that their visas will be delayed or denied if their research contradicts beijing's talking points. even scholars in groups that avoid chinese of funding are targeted by that country. as the hudson institute found out firsthand. after you offered to host a speaker beijing did not like, your website suffered a major cyber attack originating from shanghai. the hudson institute knows better than most, but the chinese communist party is trying to undermine economic
academic freedom and the freedom of speech in america today. these and other actions taken as a whole are and intensify effort to shift america's public opinion and policy away from the america first leadership of president donald trump. but our message to china's rulers is this, this president will not back down. [applause] vp pence: the american people will not be swayed. and we will continue to stand strong for our security and our economy. even as we hope for improved relations with beijing, our administration is going to continue to act decisively to protect america's interest, american jobs, and american security.
as we rebuild our military, we will assert american interest across the indo pacific. as we respond to china's trade practices, we will continue to demand an economic relationship with china that is free, fair, and reciprocal. we will demand that beijing breakdown its trade barriers, fulfill its obligations, fully open its economy, just as we have opened ours. we will continue to take action against beijing until the theft of american intellectual property ends once and for all. and we will continue to stand strong until beijing stops the predatory practice of forced technology transfer. we will protect the private property interest of american enterprise. [applause]
vp pence: to advance our vision of free and open indo pacific, we are building new and stronger bonds with nations that share our values across the region. from india to samoa, our relations will flow from a built on respect partnership, not domination. we are forging new trade deals on a bilateral basis, just as last week, president trump signed an improved trade deal with south korea. we will soon begin historic negotiations for a bilateral free trade agreement with japan. [applause] vp pence: i am also pleased to report that we are streamlining international development and finance programs. we will be giving foreign nations a just and transparent alternative to china's debt trap diplomacy. this week, president trump will
sign the build act into law. next month, it will be my privilege to represent the united states in singapore and papua new guinea at scn in aipac. there, we will unveil new measures and programs to support a free and open indo pacific. on behalf of the president, i will deliver the message that america's commitment to the indo pacific has never been stronger. [applause] vp pence: closer to home, to protect our interest, we recently strengthened the committee on foreign investment. tightening our scrutiny of chinese investment in america. to protect our national security from beijing's predatory actions. when it comes to beijing's malign influence and interference and american politics, and policy, we will continue to expose it.
no matter the form it takes. we will work with leaders at every level of society to defend our national interest and our most cherished ideals. the american people will play the decisive role. in fact, they already are. as we gather here, a new consensus on china is rising across america. more business leaders are thinking beyond the next quarter, and thinking twice before diving in to the chinese market if it means turning over their intellectual property or abetting beijing's oppression. more must follow suit. for example, google should immediately end development of the dragonfly app that will strengthen the communist party's censorship and compromise the privacy of chinese customers. [applause]
vp pence: it is also great to see more journalists reporting the truth without fear or favor, digging deep to find where china is interfering in our society, and why. and we hope that american and global news organizations will continue to join this effort on an increasing basis. more scholars are also speaking out forcefully and defending academic freedom and more universities and think tanks are mustering the courage to turn away beijing's easy money. recognizing every dollar comes with a corresponding demand. we are confident that their ranks will grow. across the nation, the american people are growing in vigilance.
with a newfound appreciation for our administration's actions, and the president's leadership, to reset america's economic and strategic relationship with china. americans stand strong, behind a president that is putting america first. under president trump's leadership, i can assure you, america will stay the course. china should know that the american people and their elected officials in both parties are resolved. as our national security strategy states, we should remember that competition does not always mean hostility, nor does it have to. the president has made clear that we want a constructive relationship with beijing. where our prosperity and
security grow together, not a part. while beijing has been moving away from this vision, china's rulers can still change course, and returned to the spirit of reform and opening. that characterize the beginning of this relationship decades ago. the american people want nothing more and the chinese people to serve nothing less. the great chinese storyteller, lou schwan, often lamented that his country, and he wrote, has either looked down at foreigners as brutes or up to them as saints, but never as equals. today, america is reaching out our hand to china, and we hope that soon beijing will reach back with deeds, not words.
and with renewed respect for america. but be assured, we will not relent until our relationship with china is grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for our sovereignty. [applause] vp pence: there is an ancient chinese proverb that reads, "men see only the present, but heaven sees the future." as we go forward, let us pursue a future of peace and prosperity with resolve and faith.
faith in president trump's leadership and vision and the relationship that he has forged with china's president. faith in the enduring friendship between the american people and the chinese people. and faith that heaven sees the future. and by god's grace, america and china will meet that future together. thank you. god bless you. and god bless the united states of america. [applause] ♪
american history tv is in prime time. starting on c-span3, monday at 8:00 p.m. eastern, the supreme court historical society looks at the lives and legacy of chief justices john jay and john marshall as well as associate justices thurgood marshall and robert jackson. ginsburgppeals court on the history and evolution of the nation's highest court and the debate over original is him. , a discussion on southern culture in the u.s. fromhistory professor tennessee university. thursday, a look back 100 years at u-boat campaigns during world war i, starting with the 1918 u-boat attack.
descendents of presidents ford, truman, mckinley, johnson, and roosevelt share family stories at the kennedy center in washington. watch american history tv next week on c-span3 prime time. ♪ busuncer: the c-span recently traveled to hawaii. join us on the weekend to watch our visit to hawaii on c-span book tv and american history tv. we will feature stops across the hawaiian islands, showcasing the literary culture and unique history of the 50th state. the ranch on a walk who has been family owned and operated since the 19th century.
david morgan, a descendent of a descendent of the founder, told us about his family and the history of cattle ranching in hawaii. >> the ranch on a wahoo has been family owned and operated since the 19th century. david morgan, one of the descendents, told us about his family and the history of cattle ranching in hawaii. >> i like to think of us as being the real hawaii. where probably more like hawaii used to be many years ago and we would like to have people sure that and experience what is the real hawaii. this was started by my great great great grandfather who came from new york. he and my great great great grandmother came here in 1828. he was a doctor with the
missionaries and they lived here for the rest of their lives and with -- theclose original purchase of the property was in 1850 when he the area around the headquarters. the first cattle to arrive here were brought before 1800 by captain vancouver. balld a few cows and one bull. they were let loose on the island and ran free for quite a few years. reallytle industry started during the california gold rush. people realized there was a booming economy in california, a lot of people moving in.
and here were all of these wild cattle. they started going into the forest and capturing them. the first products they went hides.as butter and you can imagine trying to milk the cows to make butter and the cows were wild. then it grew into a more traditional cattle industry. we have been a cattle ranch for over 100 years. we do primarily beef cattle. in the 1980's, we started expanding into the tour is a -- tour -- towards him ism business so we could share
the beauty with others. we are just under 4000 acres in size but more than half of it is mountains, which are spectacular to look at but difficult to utilize because they are very steep. land isthe usable divided into pastures for the cattle operation. we do a fair amount of aquaculture. saltwater shrimp, oysters, to pia.ia -- tala we just started making our first run on chocolate. it is a very unique place in the world. it is incredibly beautiful and a great place to get back to nature.
it is great to see how beautiful a place can be. c-span's washington journal, live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up monday morning, josh crash our discusses the campaign and 2018. and the director on the institute of the supreme court of the u.s. at the chicago camp college of law talked about the history and evolution of supreme court confirmations in the senate. they sure to watch washington journal 7:00 eastern on monday morning. join the discussion. tomorrow, a discussion on conflict prevention with the organization for security and cooperation in europe. coverage begins at 4:30 eastern on c-span3, online and on our free radio app.
on constitution day, c-span visited the constitution central in philadelphia, where we asked people what it means to be american. >> when you feel like you are at home and you feel comfortable to live here. >> for me, it meant i was blessed to have been born in a countries,e of the with the most freedom for people. for all people to pursue happiness and life and joy with their families and a living. >> to pursue your dreams and opportunities and friendships. giving along -- getting along
with everybody, with family. your is doing responsibility, as a daughter of service members and a servicemember myself, a former servicemember, i felt it was my responsibility under the constitution to go ahead and do my duty and serve my country. >> i feel lucky to have the freedom to pursue your happiness and really, this is the land of opportunity for me. to be able to be whatever i want to be. in the country i come from, it would not be possible. year, we'rehis asking middle school and high school students to produce a five to six minute documentary asking -- answering the question what it means to be american. there is a grand prize