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tv   Global Climate Action Summit  CSPAN  November 24, 2018 1:00am-4:28am EST

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stood for ever since. >> this weekend on the c-span networks. >> when the new congress starts in january, there will be more than 100 new house and senate members. the democrats will control the house, the republicans the senate. watch the process unfold on c-span. the trump administration announced its intention last year to withdraw from the paris climate agreement, california governor jerry brown and new york city mayor michael bloomberg created a global climate action summit. with speakersvent including actor harrison ford, the ceo of starbucks, and house democratic leader nancy pelosi. this is three hours, 20 minutes. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2018]
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announcer: please welcome our master of ceremonies, the head of communications for bloomberg, linda douglass. ♪ linda: hello and welcome to the global climate action summit. i am honored and humbled to be here in san francisco with such extraordinary leaders from around the world. these are leaders from every sector, every industry, business, government, technology, philanthropy, entrepreneurs and artists, inventors, investors, scientists and students all united by a common goal. the goal of protecting the people who live on our planet by confronting the existential threat of climate change. we are off to an auspicious start. on saturday, tens of thousands of citizens around the world marched to demand greater climate action to fulfill the promises made three years ago in paris. our task becomes more urgent
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every day. this summer, temperatures reached record highs. people are dying as wildfires burn their houses to the ground. they are starving as droughts destroy their crops. hurricanes and other disasters have claimed thousands of lives, displacing entire populations, causing billions and billions of dollars in damage. and of course, at this very moment, hurricane florence is bearing down on the eastern seaboard and already 1.5 million people have been told to evacuate their homes. florence is set to bring 50% more rainfall due to human-induced climate change. meanwhile, tropical storm olivia is sweeping across hawaii and since the start of the hurricane season, this is an astonishing number, there have been eight other named storms in the atlantic and 14 more in the pacific.
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and here in california, more than a dozen different wildfires are tearing across the state. so now is not the time for us to rest. this year marks the halfway point between the adoption of the paris agreement and 2020, a critical moment when carbon emissions must peak if we are to avoid the very worst effects of climate change. by mid century, we must be carbon neutral. these are ambitious goals, but the speakers you will hear from over the next few days are working hard to achieve them. it won't be easy and the solutions won't be perfect. we are learning by doing as we undertake a more radical shift in our global economy than has ever been previously undertaken. we will make mistakes, we are going to see failures along the way, but we cannot and we will not back away from this fight. so all of you here today and all of you watching around the world are proof that we will not back away from this fight.
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please join me in welcoming someone who is heading the way right here in san francisco, the newly elected mayor of san francisco, london breed. [applause] ♪ london: hello, everyone. it is my distinct pleasure to welcome all of you to san francisco for this incredible global climate action summit. we are united here today to take action on the defining issue of our time, protecting our environment and fighting against climate change. this is an issue that is bigger than one city, one region or country. the choices and commitments we make over the next few days and our sustained cooperation will determine if we are able to leave a better future for the next generation.
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california has long been a leader on climate action and san francisco has been at the forefront of those efforts. since 1990, we have reduced our greenhouse gas emissions by 30% and cut our landfill disposal in half, all while growing our economy by 111%. we are proof that you can have a strong and growing economy while advancing ambitious environmental policy. we were the first major city to ban single-use plastic bags, and i pushed legislation to establish the nation strongest styrofoam ban and a drug take-back policy which has kept 40 tons of prescription medication out of our bay and landfill. [applause]
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in our 100% renewable energy program, clean power sf has reduced and resulted in greenhouse gas reduction equivalent to taking 17,000 cars off our roads. by the year 2030, we are committed to four major initiatives here in san francisco -- cutting our landfill waste in half, de-carbonizing all new buildings, achieving one 100% renewable energy and continuing to issue more green bonds to finance critical infrastructure that is desperately needed to combat climate change. thank you. [applause] today i ask you to join us. the impacts of climate change are not constrained by borders and our actions shouldn't be either. let's send the world a bold message of action, unity and determination. together we can go further to protect our planet and our
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people for generations to come. thank you all so much for being here. enjoy your time in san francisco. ♪ [applause] narrator: it has been said if we change the way we look at things, the things we look at change. to gain a fresh perspective, to seek a new vantage point, to walk in another's shoes, we have to first be willing to change our minds. i really wish everyone could see the world the way i get a chance to see it. some do.
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astronauts are a chosen few of us who know what it is like to survive without the basic and vital components our planet provides. they see the big picture. when you are floating above the earth, you see many different examples of how our desire for natural resources is changing the planet, and not always in a good way. right now, humans are pumping co2 into our atmosphere and there isn't enough time for the earth's air conditioning system to correct the problem. >> launched into space at over 17,000 miles per hour, they look down and discover how rare, how delicate, how perfectly calibrated the earth really is. >> of all the changes we're making to the earth, i think it's changes to the atmosphere that we should be the most worried about. >> the planet is getting hotter.
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how much hotter depends on us. >> those who have touched the void return with the global passport -- not an american or canadian or russian, an earthling. >> our rock, our planet is important to us. it's special and it's unique because it's our home. >> we are all crewmates on the same ship. >> that's a new perspective. how connected and accountable we are to each other, and what a responsibility we have to take care of the only place any of us here will ever live. >> we can get a lot smarter because we can learn a lot more from the previous generations. >> when i was on the space station looking back at the planet, it gave me a profound
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appreciation in what we take for granted. >> we may not all have the luxury of observing our world from among the stars, but the day is coming when the void of space may seem like a more hospitable option than a planet at war with itself and us. fortune may favor the bold, but wisdom favors those who find power in humility. >> it just really gives you a sense of how special this place is where we live. >> do we have what it takes? is it possible to give our astronauts an even better view from above? one that proves that here on the ground we were bold, we were resolute and willing? willing not only to change our minds but to change our world for the better. i'm robert redford. welcome to the global climate action summit. ♪ [applause]
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>> the view from space helped us understand the magnitude of the challenge we are up against. while our planet looks peaceful from above, for many people climate change is a daily reality that threatens lives and their way of life. the people you hear from now know this better than almost anyone because they have seen the devastating effects firsthand. they know what is at stake and know what it will take to meet the challenges head-on. our first speaker is a pioneer,
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the first female prime minister of barbados. she is on the front lines of the fight to save her country and other island nations from the devastation of climate change. ♪ >> good morning. the existence of my island nation and my brothers and sisters in the caribbean is threatened as we speak today. i almost did not make it here today. as we speak, tropical storm isaiah is landing on dominique
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and martinique. this is the fourth storm or hurricane in three years that has hit in dominique, as we speak. barbados escaped the 2017 hurricane season. the costliest on record in the caribbean. a season with multiple category five hurricanes in the same year. unprecedented. it caused utter devastation and complete evacuation of an island inhabited for thousands of years. unprecedented. that is one degree of warming. the world is on a path to over three degrees of warming by the time a child born today reaches old age. even if the countries meet the commitments made in the first round of the nationally determined contribution.
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we were lucky in 2017. barbados, that is. we were lucky today. is it fair and equitable the livelihoods of our people are dependent now on us staying lucky? even if we avoid an extreme weather event, our ports, hotels, restaurants, electricity generating stations, our main hospital -- the only one -- and the majority of other postal infrastructure are threatened by the insidious rate of sea level rise. coral reefs, our greatest economic asset, are already dying. things i saw as a child we no longer seem. our reefs will dissolve.
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as we do that, we're facing and confronting daily the threat of a weed that threatens the livelihood of hotels, workers and our coasts. our dry seasons are getting longer. our droughts are more common. three years ago, seven of the 11 parishes in my nation had difficulty accessing water. access to fresh water is becoming a constant strain on economic development of our country. the cost of desalination is more than 10 times that of our current cost of water. we seek to do so as the third most indebted country as the entire world. mosquitoes are breeding faster and biting more people.
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barbados like many countries is already experiencing the adverse impact of climate change. we are not content to wait for others to act. barbados is a proud nation, long respected for punching way above its weight. now we intend to be one of the first examples of how carbon neutrality and climate resilience can be achieved across an entire economy. we intend to reassert ourselves on every international front we can engage on to combat climate change because we are in a fight for our own existence. it is for that reason we have set 2030 as the target for us to have a fossil fuel-free economy. [applause]
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the world has lost all of us who lost momentum since paris in 2015. the rate of increase has slowed, but we have not peaked global emissions. we must do so by 2020. we cannot afford to wait any longer. there is much work to be done. affordable and predictable climate finance, believe you me, is greatly needed for small island states whose vulnerability is in front of you today as i speak. the green climate fund must be adequately replenished. it is our only hope in many instances. access to these funds needs to be streamlined. our country is graduated from the world bank because we are deemed to be a middle income country.
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yet had the hurricane hit us today, our conversation and our reality would be different. we relish simply to wallow in definitions made in rooms thousands of miles away from our reality. the agreements that arose out of the week in paris cannot be forgotten or cast aside. not anymore. the next round of contributions will seal our fate for better or for worse. to the citizens of the world, i speak now, not to the governments. this is our battle. you see the evidence before our eyes. we see it and feel it. we don't have the power to change small things that we do.
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but there are some things we can change. we can change how we save water. we can turn off the tap each time we brush our teeth. we can change how we save energy. we can turn off the lights and air-conditioners as we leave rooms. we can change our oceans and save our oceans. we can ensure that which we put in it is not a pollutant. like straws and plastics. if each one does, this we can save our world because many hands make light work. the technology today, we can see each other whenever and wherever we choose, across borders, across regions and races. our climate knows no boundaries. it respects no class. it will respect numbers, as politicians do. it will respect numbers acting in concert, thousands and millions of people acting
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together, not just to change our minds, but to transform how we live to save our world. to everyone in this room, to act, for everyone who hears my voice to act. for my country, our island region in the caribbean and the pacific, everywhere. our future and the future of generations yet to come is at stake. if we wait any longer it will be far too late to save it. my friends across the world, the time to talk has passed. this is truly the time for action. not just the action of leaders an governments, but the actions of you and you and you, and you and me. thank you. bless you.
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[applause] >> please welcome our next speakers. [applause] >> [speaking native tongue] [speaking native tongue] [speaking native tongue] [applause]
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>> my name is dana, from old crow, 80 miles north of the arctic circle, my people's oral history stretching back 28,000 years teaches us we are tied to the land, the air, waters and animals. the rights of my people to continue our ways of life are in jeopardy as never before. we face the threat of climate change and the oil drilling that fuels it. our sensitive region is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. the permafrost is melting. chemicalsies pump into the atmosphere. the permafrost releases methane and mercury. now the sacred lands of my people, the largest land animal migration left on earth, the
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porcupine caribou herd, are being threatened by the same industry responsible for the warming. without consulting us, they are slated to endure intensive seismic exploration does exploration is the first step in wholesale oil and gas development. even the weight of the vehicles scar the sensitive landscape. the lands and waters are our very bodies. the caribou and migrating animals our lifeblood. in my village we are constructing a solar farm of 2,000 panels, the largest project in the arctic north. this is just the beginning in reestablishing our ancient balance with our lands through sustainable technology. we cannot do this alone. the world must understand none of us are separated from this planet. each other or what is happening today. respect for indigenous rights is key to stemming and reversing
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climate change. the disregard of our people is the disregard of this planet and themselves. these are the teachings of my ancestors and elders. people who still remember these ancient truths. for that i give you thanks for listening today. [applause] ♪ >> please welcome johann rockstrum. [applause] >> hello. i am christina, and this is my
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very good friend johan. we are here to not only welcome you to the climate action summit but tell you a story. it is a story of the journey we are already on of exponential transformation. already evolving in front of us. before we start the story, tell us, why is exponential tranformation necessary? >> it starts with the big picture. after 50 years of rising human pressure on earth, we have reached the saturation point. the point in 2018 where mother earth is sending social and economic invoices in the form of extreme events across the entire world right as we speak, saying in the front of us, causing tremendous impacts across the planet. the scientific message is clear. things are changing faster than we had predicted.
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the unprecedented forest fires in california, all the way to forest fires, droughts even in the arctic. most likely connected to the slowdown of the arctic vortex caused by the amplified melting of arctic ice, influencing the jet stream, causing and locking high-pressure temperatures in northern europe all the way to drought and temperature rise in australia, leading to floods in pakistan, with the need to reinvest an entire state all the way to unprecedented events from floods, droughts across the planet. we have seen the impact in terms of warming oceans absorbing our impact. with coral bleaching, acidification across all oceans on the planet. 30% of the great entire reef,
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having crossed an irreversible tipping point. this is the big picture we're seeing in front of us today. the even bigger picture is ourbs the 100 year journey. the 100 year journey for what was normal 100 years back, and what was then extreme events is now becoming our new normal. we are seeing across all continents, the rising temperatures leading to very s across theimpactg socioeconomic fabric we depend on. highest temperature on earth since the last ice age. we are at the point, at the edge, where we need to start transformations. there is an even bigger picture, the rising scientific evidence that the earth system has only stayed below two degrees so far
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thanks to the resilience of the earth system. earth remains still our best friend, but we are learning that there are two point always from the risk of losing methane to the degradation of the jet , the whole energy exchange of the oceans. and we have so much evidence today that these tipping points regulate our ability to have what we depend on. a self cooling planet. earth would potentially move irreversibly towards a self amplifying warming temperature. we summarized at the science from all the attending points we had from the risk of the amazon rain forest flipping over irreversibly to becoming a savanna. and where wessing could enter and irreversible journey.
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>> are we condemned to a hothouse earth? that is still dominated by self cooling feedbacks despite the unsustainable behavior. opportunity, the and the paris agreement has unprecedented scientific support. the past is very clear. and it pays with the decarbonization every year which tonslates to require more what we call the global wall. we can take us to paris. give this is the pathway to take we need to transform
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the system from being the single largest source of emissions to becoming a single largest sink of emissions. whether you like it or not, we need to maintain the ecosystems. and all of this, dear friends. transform food systems and keep resilient ecosystems, we have a 66% chance of staying under two degrees celsius. this is a global transformation. >> we are not used to thinking exponentially, right? so if i take 37 steps in a linear fashion, it would be the
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length of this fantastic stage, 37 steps linearly. we think exponential by two. one step, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32. you get the picture. you can do the math as well as i. you have fundamentally different results. if we start here today and take 20 exponential steps we will be in l.a. if we take 26, we will be in new york. if we take 26, we will be back in l.a. because we have gone all around the planet. if we take 30 steps will be on the moon. if we take 37, we will be on mars. that is the difference between linear and exponential. it is the difference between linear progress and exponential progress when we think about
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climate change. from mars, let's come back to earth and say, are we actually on a next financial path -- on and exponential path? we would like to day to put forward that we actually are on exponential path in some sectors. let's begin with what we have seen in renewable energy. we have definitely seen comment 10 years ago, -- we have definitely seen, 10 years ago, renewable energy was a boutique operation. now with the growth of solar and wind we have gone to a doubling of renewable energy every 5.5 years. if we continue that trend, we will actually be safely even the discounting for the challenges we will have. safely at 50% renewable energy by 2030. something that would have been unthinkable 10 years ago and
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definitely the evidence for exponential progress. now let's look to the latest exciting news that we read the newspapers every day, electric vehicles. quite exciting. frankly, 10 years ago, electric vehicles were science fiction. now we have every major car company putting forward their electric models. for all of their old internal combustion engine models. we have a growing number of countries that are setting dates for banning the sale of the new vehicles if they are internal combustion. regulating that all new vehicles will have to be electric. currently the uptick in electric vehicles is following market path. once these policies come into
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effect, we will have electric vehicles in the market following and exponential path through combination of market forces and policies. then we have -- let's look at the green finance sector. a very exciting sector. just on green bonds. we know that in order to transform the global economy we need to invest a trillion dollars every year into green infrastructure. just on green bonds, one of the financial instruments, where have we gone? from where we were, practically unheard of instrument 10 years ago to already next financial exponential curve,curve
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followed until 2021. we will be at $1 trillion just with green bonds. another exponential curve we are beginning to see is the divestment movement started in 2015. we are at 6 trillion with exponential curves to look forward to. carbon pricing, yet another financial instrument to accelerate low carbon economic growth. the going word on the street is carbon pricing is not occurring. not true. you can see how much is actually already occurring in terms of countries and in terms of coverage of greenhouse gases with more news to come very soon. across these green finance sectors with different instruments, we are starting to see the exponential curve moving forward.
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that of course means companies are now able to have targets. stay tuned for an exciting announcement today that will take us beyond where we are now at this moment of 476 companies. all of this together means countries are actually able to peek omissions. by 2020 we know we will have 53 countries who will have been able to peek omissions while increasing gdp. we are beginning to disassociate the two curves of economic growth and ghd growth. which is what is called for in the paris agreement. so, johan. i have to be frank. everything i have said is all
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well and good. it only covers a few sectors. what happens to the others? >> it puts us in the point of schizophrenia. there has never been a reason to be as nervous as today but never so much reason to be hopeful given the exponential rise we him are seeing. when hurricane florence is about to hit north carolina and we know this is likely associated due to the weakening of the jet stream we also see these positives. what we are releasing here today is building on empirical evidence that you just presented , and looking at the next 12 years, what is the opportunity we have to cut emissions by half by 2030 of the next 12 years following the global carbon law that can take us to paris?
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the 30 solutions we have which are scalable, which are potentially beneficial socially and economically across all sectors of society. this covers the whole transport energy, buildings. it is a careful walk-through of the mapping that has been done from private sector, from policy, countries around the world to see what is realistically achievable wedge by wage, scale by scale. we can reach 50% electricity from solar wind by 2030 on the current trajectories. most excitingly, as food consumption and you get land use, the final battleground, whether we reach paris is not only about the carbonized the energy system, it is about sustainable and healthy food systems. even here solutions are in place. we had the technologies and we
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can succeed in minimizing food waste, recycling, resources , getting new energy balances in our ecosystem. this shows that we are on path to success. >> to support this transformation, as you know, all nations came together in 2015 and agreed to a common path toward de-carbonization. we have taken that path and building the moments between now and 2020 to ensure we are keeping track of the next financial progress we're saying, increasing that progress. 2020 is only two minutes from now. the next few months, in preparation for 2020, the countries must come together again to assess what they have
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been able to do, what the private sector has done, what technologies have moved forward. toy have to come together step up their national ambition once again. the ratchet mechanism in which every five years, the country's and upgrade based on the reality that they see in the projections they believe are going to be possible. 2020 is the first year in which these countries must come to the table and increase the ambition. moment thatry last we have to actually be able to ,end the curve of emissions that the curve of greenhouse gas emissions, and begin the radical dissent that we must follow in order to stay safely under two degrees.
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have heard today that the exponential transformation is necessary. in someseen that sectors, it is already exponential. and we have just heard that it is achievable. that is what we are gathered here to do over these two days. you have been invited to a summit. but it is not only a summit. to join theou journey of exponential transformation. how can you contribute to the next uptick? how can you reach out to everyone else? them to change from linear to exponential.
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this is one that we must co-create. based on radical collaboration among all of us. the consequences of either doing so or not doing so are not just for us, they are for everyone. thank you. [applause] ♪ >> as host mayor of the 2015 paris agreement, she brought together leaders from states and to strengthen the historic deal. she represents not only her own city of paris but a coalition of 96 cities home to 700 million people and one fourth of the global economy.
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please welcome mayor and hidalgo -- anne hidalgo. ♪ mayor hidalgo: let me tell you a story. a story of european citizens, mother of three, and mayor of one of the biggest cities in the world. essentially brought before the european court to defend the citizens. 2015. starts in a case of fraud that led the european commission to review and give a sort of license to pollute.
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manipulation the by major carmaker to pass the test of compliance to pollution standards. europe only changed the rules. as mayor of paris, fighting to city raises that, i can't allow that. with the thousands of citizens and joined -- enjoyed by my colleague. i decided to challenge the commission decision. i was told that in order to do to be directly and
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personally affected. directly and personally affected. directly and personally affected by air pollution. because as mayor, it is my responsibility to protect the citizens. theways keep in mind mandate they gave me. region'sbehalf of the parisians, defending their interest. i am directly and personally affected when hospitals report to me an increasing number of children suffering from asthma.
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i am directly and personally affected. most of them are strongly impacted by climate change. therefore, increasing inequality. i am directly and personally toected because i don't want face my children one day when they ask me, why didn't you do anything? it is an emergency.
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if it is the truth or the lies. i know that we, mayors and .riends, their colleagues we are directly and personally affected. the are best placed to defend them and to [indiscernible] the paris agreement is an invitation to do so. our house is burning and we look elsewhere.
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that was in 2002. our house is burning. thank you for your attention. [applause] ♪ >> welcome to executive producer of bloomberg technology, emily chang. ♪ [no audio] -- [applause] emily: thank you so much for being here today. that mitigating climate change has to be a national priority. -- weal work we're being , implementinge
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policy, making big investments. even where a national leadership may be falling short, we have champions leading the fight on the ground. so i am pleased to introduce some of those leaders. he has recommitted to the regional greenhouse's initiative and put the state on track for the 100% clean energy by 2050. [applause] emily: he became mayor of warsaw in 2006 and has championed programs to make warsaw a green metropolis including revamping their transportation network. i know a lot of you will be
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there in december. there are local governments leading the charge and they are often challenged to set bigger goals by civil society. the director is a renowned director. and fascinating autograph stories we will be -- she will be sharing with us. the worldies around are starting to understand the importance of these issues to take action. really excited to have kevin johnson here, the ceo of starbucks. ceo since last year and has led some really bold commitments to social impact including the recent announcement that starbucks will eliminate the waste and hazard of plastic straws globally by
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2020. biggest drinker is getting used to this, but she is on board. and we have one of the biggest players that led to negotiation in paris on behalf of the obama white house. he is not ahead of blackrock sustainable investing group. he leads the efforts to engage on socially conscious investments and aligning that with their portfolio and values. challenges may be different for all of these parties, but the goal is the same. and that is decarbonization. all right. brian, i thought i would start with you since you were on the ground in harris -- in paris. what was your reaction to the current administration pulling out?
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what do you think the real impact has been? i think there is a certain physics to politics. as inexplicable as that decision was for people around the world and people that worked closely on it, with his equally more what is equally more notable is that there was an equal and opposite reaction. if you take us back to paris and ask us where we will be two and a half years in with this global .mpact on climate change if you could predict unexpected events like brexit and the election in the u.s., you can be optimistic that every major economy outside the united states has not only recommitted to the paris agreement but that what paris stood for is irreversible.
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we see the action happening at the state and local level. and we see that in the investment world as well. asset owners have increasingly been interested in this set of issues. irony that it took the trump administration to bring the unifying force to be in favor of climate action. [applause] it is the equal and opposite reaction i tend to focus on. let's talk about the positive side of the galvin's asian on that. what do you think your biggest accomplishment has been? >> i want to thank governor brown and the host for this extraordinary convening. i succeeded a guy that was anti-climate policy.
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the midst of an administration which is historically bad. new jersey is a pretty proud progressive state. yeah, yeah, yeah. i had a conversation with governor brown after i got elected to get advice. i wanted new jersey to be the california of the east coast. buddies showing great jersey edited, he said you've got to go stronger. california would be the jersey of the west coast. we have a vision for 100% clean energy economy by 2050. it increases that is offshore wind. what is the one thing that i would anchor with you today? vision laid out a offshore by 2030.
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new jersey is really well situated. not just the wind currents, but the place and the depth. but this coming monday, they will be considering the .irst-round solicitations i will last them to put in place, announcing today, in the 2022, incremental 1200 megawatts. isis not just wind, it solar. it is community solar. all of this creates jobs and makes is healthier and gives us better lives. [applause] emily: all right. mayor, cities have a huge role to play here. talk to us about the role that warsaw is playing. and you also have something to announce today?
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>> i think that being the case in europe, especially, we started quite late compared to the developed world. because, in realistic terms, we started to think and elaborate and face the challenge when we .ecame a member of the eu i think the cities and mayors play a very important role. i think the cities are stronger than the government. and we do our job. we changed the tramways and have subways. history, weifferent have very much determined what
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is the most important thing in our case. education and you have to school students, what they are doing about it. fortunately, in our case, we have education at the height of -- [indiscernible] this was important in the previous system. it is very much highlighted. it is going not so good. these are also universities, , and we are working on air pollution. so for example, what is so issue for this is the
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climate. that is where the technique is. and you have the public. and i always doing that swift check. train or by car. just different, more and more, where is the issue? activity, i give you a quick example. we have the participatory budget. before get money and they do it they want. they would like to have more
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money and it is their own decision. becauseit is important it is an international cooperation. we work with the other cities and we share our knowledge with other capital cities. we participate in chicago and berlin. this has been very helpful. [applause] emily: you do a lot of your work in the south where a large percentage of global emissions are projected. some ofshare with us the dangerous and disastrous impacts you are seeing on the ground? talked about what we can do to act more aggressively? >> i want to thank governor
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brown for this invitation to join this panel on behalf of global society. on behalf of my organization. climate change is a political challenge. not a technical challenge. that is my starting point. [applause] thank you. it is an issue of justice and fairness. if i think about my uncle that lives in a village in uganda and is a farmer, it would take him admit -- two he met emitame amount of -- to the same amount of carbon dioxide as one american citizen does in a year. was caused by the admissions of rich people, but
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the poor people are hit hardest. [applause] and so, what excites me is that we seeing that in spite of that, actions are swinging against developing countries. here are some examples. 50 countries, poorest countries, 100%have committed to have renewable energy by 2050. this is their commitment. they are holding a virtual climate summit in november. today, theiria
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investment in renewable energy is the highest world order and is rising fast. africa is among the top 10 countries that are deploying utility scale solar power. south africa. that is leadership. and so i'm optimistic, but i also know what the scientists said here. we need to do more. it is simply not enough. that is what we're calling to an end for the use of coal worldwide. [applause] yes. yes. we are saying that there shouldn't be another coal plant installed in the world today and that the existing ones should be
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-- phased outas as fast as possible. estimate. for every dollar invested in coal in asia, that dollar will cause $10 of climate change damage in that region alone. what do you call that? we call it economics. we can't do that. we are excited about the momentum that has been generated because i'm a change -- climate change is a political issue. and that isle power why i was so excited by the march here. [applause] emily: kevin, starbucks has a
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lot of constituencies. coffee growers, customers that love straws, shareholders. how do you balance were to investor time, energy, and money towards sustainability given that you are a for-profit company with obligations. kevin: it is a pleasure to be here today. what would a publicly traded company be doing at a conference like this? certainly as we have grown, we have nearly 29,000 starbucks stores in 78 countries. starbucks partners that proudly wear the green apron serving 100 million customers a week. we are a company that, in the fabric of our mission, our theure, and our values, is belief that the pursuit of profit is not in conflict with the pursuit of doing good.
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we are a company that started a journey years ago where one of our social impact pillars is sustainability. has put aompany that stake in the ground working to make coffee the first sustainable agricultural product in the world. we are doing that in partnership and ngospublic sector like conservation international. working on behalf of coffee farms around the world to make coffee a sustainable agricultural product. we have extended that to provide greener cups. we have made announcements. many municipalities do not have the facilities to recycle. we announced the greener cups challenge in partnership with foundationildlife
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and the work we're doing in partnership with closed loop partners to find new solutions, innovative solutions. we built upon that over the years where we have built more lead stores than any other business in the world. woven criteria into the store development process. and so you put all that together and sustainability is one of the pillars of a social impact agenda. extend announce how we our commitment even further. emily: tell us. we have launched what we call a greener store framework. in addition to stores with criteria, we are extending it to how we operate those stores. are focused on renewable
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energy. the things we're doing to better manage and reduce waste. aspiration to be the number one company in the world with a sustainable origin and we're very excited about the opportunity that brings. emily: as kevin said, making money should not be at odds with planet for uster and future generations. do investors value sustainability? is it a competitive advantage? can you invest sustainably or with sustainable efforts? are those at odds?
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t-rex at blackrock, we are an asset manager. our purpose is to protect and grow. most which are invested for long-term goals. the context is to look forward for risks and opportunities and the better at anticipating those on behalf of our clients. , kevin saidcontext sustainable investing is no longer an exercise in trading value for values. increasingly court to that mission of providing a better future. we talk about climate change in particular, into many parts of
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the investing world, there has that the risks of climate are real, but to long-term. they are too hard to measure. to be an investment strategy. the second point i would make is that the facts and the data have made that view obsolete. the responsibility in all of us and measuring those risks and pricing those risks. at blackrock, we are committed to doing our part. we are doing other things. we are engaging with companies that have the most material for climate change. we expect them to disclose those risks and have a plan to address those.
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we sent letters to 120 of those that theyto ask them put out a framework, what are they doing. we can put in the data into our own investment processes. we believe the science accelerated to a point where we provide a much clearer picture. we can have a structure level of what those risks are. it has the impact of driving change. you can more effectively price those risks. it is also a new opportunity.
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it is finding commercial opportunities to try to puttinge starbucks by his money where his mouth is. we believe we can more effectively deliver for ifestors a holistic view of a company is ready for this low carbon transition. allowing investors to align with the low carbon transition. they can do well by doing good. saylast thing that i would , as an ultimately investor, the other big opportunity that we can't ignore is that capital needs to transition to world infrastructure to a low carbon world.
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that the transportation infrastructure globally needs to transition. have investedock $5 billion in two renewable wind and solar asset. and we are committed to seeing the challenge of capital that leads to flow. seeing that challenge as an opportunity and stepping into that. to invest inlow that transition? we can decline capital and frontier economies and frontier technologies. we are ready to step up. [applause] emily: governor murphy, we have another hurricane barreling towards the east coast. there is a believe that climate change made hurricane more powerful. they were big economic losses there.
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clean economy the contribute into economic growth in ? >> this is a fascinating discussion. and it will never have mattered more. whether you are a governor, a ceo, an for-profit investor. given the hand we have been dealt, it will have never mattered more. folks will look back and say the folks like the group gathered , to change history is why we gathered here today. and there is a lot of myth busting. corporate side and the investment side. that you could either do good or do well. for climateare change, you must be against economic growth.
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that we must be vigilant and completely shattering because it is a one plus one equals three opportunity. this is a huge job creator. union jobs more often than not. the historic opportunity, we that hassands of jobs direct input into our economic growth. we were having a discussion earlier today. look at the health disparities. us pay the among biggest price. rates ofok at the and you look at the rates that are multiples of the rates elsewhere in our state. you can imagine a better future we get back in line.
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that is a norm individuals and society more generally. it depends on the communities in which you live. to get it back collectively, it is huge contributor not just in society, but economic growth. it is jobs, better health outcomes, a better quality of life. that you can do good or do well but you can't do both, we will shatter that once and for all. emily: this is something that we're all going to do together. cities, government, societies, or corporations. what is the one thing that you will do -- and i will have our last three panelists answer this
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question. how do you see it committing to other organizations and constituencies. to get us to a goal we all believe in. case, they are more educated. they can do everything in the same moment. and we're also sponsored by the eu. for example, we have one of the most modern plans. i can show you then is the
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newest. and which there is energy, it is very important. we tried to go, as i said, to gather together. to have thee also city. at first -- [indiscernible] as a city, the government can't do it. which is not our own.
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i think it is important to preserve the green spaces. and i can see from the plane that in those countries, there is the capital city in this part of europe. we it is very important that have to deliver on that side. and on the other side, you have different things which you can have that kind of facility. i would say it is modernized, but it is completely on the other side of the river. we can do jogging, the bike, whatever you do. , how much one of them money did you spend to keep it?
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that is an adventure. i think the businesses that we try to do, it is very important in our case. [indiscernible] is not the case in other countries because we have invested a lot. that theythe same were with the water supply. the citizens, they will pay 14% less than last year. [applause] emily: we'rere -- out of time, so kevin, please keep it brief. how do you see collaborating , the greatest opportunity to collaborate and also have a great impact?
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clacks -- wax -- >> the most important thing is to challenge the economic model that has resulted in climate change. it is one symptom of a broken economy. extreme inequality is another symptom of a broken economy. we have an economy that it secures the cost of economic activity. the same economy also hides the peopleutions of ordinary . particularly women. for children, for people, for the sick. that is not counted in the economy. and we have an economy that
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counts, narrowly, economic activity. it leaves out the most important things like looking after the environment. if i were to put it bluntly, this economy trashes the environment and trashes ordinary people. especially women. thing wouldortant be to work with business people ordinary people. it will be to work with governments and cities, to look to support vulnerable people and adapt to climate change. it will be about going on the streets and demonstrating people so that politicians can
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organize our economies differently. so i hope you join us. we all put on our t-shirts. if you know the one i mean. emily: how does starbucks rise to it and how does other companies? cracks it can be so overwhelming that it can become discouraging. if you look at this problem through your silo, you can say, what can i do. look at thisto problem is to say, and i partnering with other like i did public sector ngos and businesses to make progress? will build momentum and optimism is a force multiplier. do in partnership with ngos and public sector,
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with other businesses. is the only way that we can solve this problem. emily: thank you all for doing the work you're doing it for being here. we appreciate what you are doing. thank you. [applause] ♪ please welcome professor of economics and government at the london's live economics, ward nicholas stern. ♪ >> thank you. my argument is simple.
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the transition to the zero carbon economy is the most important story of the 21st century. let me explain. the world economy must grow over the next 15 to 20 years in order to overcome poverty. to avoid dangerous climate change, it means implementing the paris agreement. it must be cut by at least 30% in the next 15 years. risk halting and reversing economic development, forcing hundreds of millions of people to move. with real risks of severe and extended conflict. it is clear we need a new type of growth if we were to radically reduce carbon and moved to net zero emissions is close to 2050 as possible. infrastructure will double in the next 15 years. the world economy will double in the next 20.
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we must not lock in old and dirty technologies. the good news that we lay out in that theeport is transition to the zero emissions economy is the growth story of the century. this is a stronger statement then the case made in the stern cost ofn 2006, that the inaction exceeds the cost of action. we can now see a bigger story. innovation, discovery, investment, and growth. it is a much more attractive form of growth where we can move and breathe in cities and have ecosystems that are robust and fruitful. report sets out what we must do in five key sectors. clean energy, smarter urban development, sustainable management,se water
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and a circular and efficient economy. policies that the can deliver both growth and the necessary emissions reduction. first, the price of carbon and mandate carbon disclosure. second, accelerate investment in sustainable infrastructure. third, foster private-sector innovation. ensure a just transition with people at the center. as theefits are many graphic behind the shows, including not only stronger growth, but also 65 million jobs by 2030. what increases means. one of the things inclusive means. delay is very dangerous. the new growth story is in our hands and it is the time to decide, act, and the time for leadership.
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results, we know action has to happen. please welcome director -- thank you very much. not just national governments that are clamoring for this kind of future. cities states and regions and companies are setting their sights just as high and often higher. many cities and companies have pledged to limit emissions to support the goals of the paris agreement. added all together our latest findings show these thousands of cities, state, and region and company pledges are leading to measurable emissions reductions 1.5 to 2.2 giga
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tons of carbon dioxide equivalent over government policies in 2030. this is roughly equivalent to double canada yearly total emissions. they can't just deliver on the paris bills alone. we need everyone working together. cities, states, regions reaching full potential of emission reductions is as possible if all of these articles achieve their ambitious reduction goals across all sectors. global emissions could fall by -- percent by 2030. there is so much untapped potential that we could harness. the next step is to scale up our commitments and enlist the full support of national governments. everyone of us has a play to make these goals a reality. thank you. [applause] ♪
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>> as you just heard, climate change resents not only a threat, but an opportunity to invigorate our society and economy at a global scale. we have seen proof of the critical role that states, regions, cities, businesses, investors, and citizens will all play in the push for a climate sake future. next segment we will hear about some of the areas where progress is being made. to kick us off, let's hear from a special guest. this guest is a hero on the silver screen, and also a hero in the fight against climate change. >> here in budapest. the reason for this is very simple, because you are europe's environmental hero.
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the legislation in california asked sb100. governor jerry brown cited sb 100. all of you are euros because you are fighting for a clean environment, a clean world -- heroes, because you are fighting for a clean environment, a clean world. what you are doing is not science fiction. i only play a hero, but you are the true action heroes. [applause] >> thanks to arnold schwarzenegger. there are lots of ways to be a hero in the fight against climate change. one of the big ones is driving the transition away from fossil fuel. coal has power to the world, but now there are cleaner and healthier fuels to provide energy for the world. here is a case in point.
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last year the kentucky coal mining museum did something unexpected. it switched to solar power. not for political reasons, but to save money. right stepse the now, we will hear many more stories like this in the years to come. the powering past coal alliance is here to make sure we hear many of these good news stories. the alliance represents over 50 countries, businesses, and regions working to move us beyond fossil fuel for good. now i will introduce some of the people helping us work past coal . catherine mckenna, the canadian minister of environment and climate change, and the uk's special representative for climate change, nick bridges. [applause] ♪
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. >> good morning ladies and gentlemen. over 5the world we burn billion tons of coal every year. for every ton we burn we release 2.5 tons of carbon dioxide which is trapped in the atmosphere, warming the planet's. burning coal releases hazardous pollutants and toxic chemicals, likes of that cause asthma and cardiovascular disease. coal causes over a hundred thousand premature deaths worldwide every year. recognizing these impacts, the powering past coal alliance was created to envision a way forward beyond coal. in the australian capital
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territory, we are providing an example of moving beyond coal. --are on track to receive achieve 100% renewable electricity by 2020 in just 18 months time. we are proof positive that the switch to renewables can happen now. [applause] thank you. today i am pleased to announce that the australian capital territory, along with nine other additional jurisdictions, are joining the powering past coal alliance. i would like to recognize the climate leadership of canada and the united kingdom for the development of this alliance. the mission of this alliance is to replace coal power with renewable energy sources. in partnership with bloomberg's philanthropies, we are deve loping case studies and best practices to guide the transition.
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today i am excited to announce the new members of our coalition, wales, connecticut, hawaii, new york state, minnesota, the billerica islands, and the cities of rotterdam, honolulu, and los angeles. give them all a round of applause. [applause] as we work together to end our alliance on coal power -- reliance on coal power, we can improve emissions, improved public health, and create jobs at the same time. in many parts of the world it is now cheaper to build a new wind power than to create a coal power plant. now let's take a look at how we are going to do it.
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♪ video clip[] >> renewable energy is cost competitive to coal. the is no longer any reason to be using coal. we want to cement that trajectory towards the future. industry in huge washington. the initial focus was on visibility and so2. is of the main attractions that people want to be with to see the mountains. >> we had to figure out a way to shut down a plant that's key to the power grid the team -- between seattle and portland. >> all the tax base that has built our infrastructure in the last four years because of this planet, it's a very significant , it's been- plan very significant. >> 2020, there will be some
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workers affected, and in 2025, other workers are affected. >> what's so important to be able to have -- for the community to get ready for the eventual shutdown of power plants. >> they agree to provide $55 million in transition funds in three categories, energy efficiency, community and economic development, and clean energy technologies. toit really can be a win-win reduce these large air pollution sources. we are reducing the air pollution and we are getting healthier. >> for communities anywhere in the world facing a coal plant closure, it's worth the effort to invest in the communication and dialogue. >> because it sort of comes down to environment, labor, business opportunity combined help the business get clean, help the community stable, and then get it done -- stay whole, and then
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get it done. ♪ [applause] >> good job. [indiscernible] >> and now the president of afl-cio, richard trumka. ♪ [applause] richard: good morning. i want to thank governor brown for inviting me to say a few
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words on behalf of the 12.5 million working men and women who belong to the 55 unions of the afl-cio. i have a coal miner by trade. actually, a third-generation coal miner by trade. at ahat might seem unusual summit like this, but i learned something about science in the mines. when the boss told us to ignore the deadly hazards of the job, that sagging timber overhead, that black-lung cough. science told us the truth. and today again, science tells us the truth, that climate change threatens our workers, our jobs, and our economy. that is why the labor movement supports bold, comprehensive action to fight climate change. [applause] that is why we support continued
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progress on vehicle tailpipe standards, and why we passed a strong climate resolution at our last convention. that is why we continue to support the paris agreement. so make no mistake, this is a tough issue for us, but as a labor movement, we are used to tough issues and tough choices. we are prepared to do the right thing for our people and our planet, and we know that this fight can and must be about investing in a better, more inclusive, more just future, and about creating good jobs and good lives for working families. so i ask each one of you, does
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your plan for fighting climate change ask more from a sick, retired coal miner than it does from you or your family? if it does, then you need to think again. see climate strategies that leave coal miners' pension funds bankrupt and power plant workers unemployed, and construction workers make less than they make now, plans that devastate communities today while offering vague community promises about the future, they are more than unjust. they fundamentally undermine the power of the political coalition needed to address the climate crisis. [applause]
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our enemies use these plans to divide us. they point to them to feed a politics of division and fear that threatens our entire democracy. and i understand many are frustrated with the pace of action on climate change, but simply demanding that plans, -- plants, industries and projects be stopped or shut down, with no plan for the people who are put out of work, no call for shared sacrifice, and no dialogue or solidarity with those whose lives and communities are dependent on carbon-based fuel. that poisons the political well, and slows meaningful action on climate change.
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see, it's not good enough to simply call for an end to carbon emissions. we have a responsibility to think thoughtfully and strategically about how to actually make that change. and as a labor movement, we are ready to move faster. so what does that require? well, it requires people like you, and people like me, sitting down to figure out how we fund and invest in technology and workers and communities that can build a sustainable economy of broadly-shared prosperity. [applause] california is showing us the way. under governor brown's leadership, unions, and employers, and governments have come together to fight climate
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change and create good jobs, by attaching labor standards to climate policy. in the san joaquin valley alone, right here in california oil country, there has been over 4000 megawatts of new clean energy projects in the last two decades. 50 million job hours of union work at union wages with union benefits made possible, and new leave and workers compensation laws, combined with strong collective-bargaining agreements, help keep our members healthy and safe in the entire process. see that is what it looks like when we partner to fight against climate change and for good jobs.
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this is a remarkable time for collective action. teachers from west virginia to arizona, workers in transportation, journalism, energy and more are really coming together for a voice on the job. the popularity of unions recently hit a 15 year high, and we are just getting started. you see, we can bring that energy and that momentum to the fight against climate change. i say, let's join together, let's get the job done, and let's do it the right way. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ [video clip]
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narrator: the napa-sonoma fire. not only did it impact people's lives, it impacted the entire environment around us. it illustrated what can happen very quickly to an entire community, and that is an experience that we just don't want to see going on around the country, and around the world. >> climate change is here, it is happening, it is real. all we have to do is look around at the weather phenomenon. we are constantly setting records across the globe, hottest days, hottest years, hottest average temperatures. it is impacting all of us. >> it is hard to imagine a dimension of human health that climate change doesn't touch. it deepens poverty. it threatens our food and water supply. it tears people from their homes. it makes large parts of the world uninhabitable.
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if you care about climate change you have to care about health, and if you care about health you have to care about climate change. >> as a pediatrician, my job is not only to take care of the children i am seeing in my practice, but also to advocate for a healthy environment for the children i am taking care of. the health effects of climate change disproportionately affect children, people of color, people living in poverty, the elderly, people living with chronic disease. and as climate change worsens, the health outcomes caused by climate change in these populations will worsen as well. >> there has been coalition of hospital systems all around the world working to address the environmental footprint, especially the climate footprint of health care, so that the mission of health care is actually expanding to go beyond treating individual patients, to supporting healthier communities, and a healthier planet. >> having a business where we have a real opportunity of
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creating public-private partnerships, and it is that synergy that i think will help us to really get at this problem and work at it together towards a resolution. ♪ >> i truly believe that if our policymakers and the public were able to understand better that climate change is an urgent human health issue, we would get to where we need to be to act on climate as a society. >> we need to take steps because this is impacting all of our health. not everybody cares about energy. not everybody cares about climate change. but everybody cares about health. it is personal. >> climate change is fundamentally a global health issue. >> it is all about health. >> is about health. it is about health and we have the opportunity to change the dynamic on behalf of all people. ♪ [applause] >> please welcome the chairman
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and ceo of kaiser permanente, bernard j. tyson. ♪ bernard: hello. it is an honor and a privilege to be here and spend a few minutes with you. i would like to start by saying, on behalf of kaiser permanente, what a privilege it is to be a part of working with many others to solve something in this world. i also want to say to our guests who are not from the bay area, whether you are from outside california or outside the united states, while you are in san francisco, hopefully you will not need it, but should something happen, you are welcome at kaiser permanente. [laughter] so we are very clear as an organization that there is an intersection between the
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environment and total health. kaiser permanente is very much focused on what we call total health, the mind, the body, the spirit. we also know that there are circumstances that affect a person's health. how you eat, how you sleep, how you manage stress. those are some examples. we also are aware of how the environment directly affects a person's health, and that is the intersection at which kaiser permanente is involved. we believe that we can make a difference in the climate. we believe that we can help others to deal with the effects of the climate changes that are going on. we know from our work, we know from the studies, we know from
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the heat map, that when these natural disasters happen it affects the health of individuals, it affects the mental health, it affects the breathing, it affects the lungs, it affects parts of the body, so we are committed to being part of the solution. earlier this week we announced that we now have put additional agreements in place to achieve our commitment of being carbon neutral by the end of 2020. [applause] it was recommended that i wait until today to make that announcement, but i was too excited, so we did it on monday, and now i repeat it to you. each and every one of us can make a difference. kaiser permanente is demonstrating that.
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we have over 75 million square feet of space around the united states, at which we provide care, and coverage, and total health. so it is possible, and we are on our way, with our windfarms and with our solar and with our data -- with our battery systems. we believe we can achieve this. we are already at 30% toward that carbon-neutrality goal. so we are committed, and we are privileged to be here and be a part of this. when i first started to really get engaged with this and go to paris and be a part of that, at one of the panels i made a statement. i said, i am very new at this, and i am very new at this, and later on i will be more sophisticated about it, and i am a little more sophisticated given the wonderful team of experts that work at kaiser
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permanente that are educating us every single day. but i ended by saying, just the idea of doing something to make the earth better is just a really good place to be, so i am down with mother earth. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ [video clip] at salesforce, we believe that business is a platform for change. that is why we have built a clean, carbon neutral cloud, operate as a net-zero company, and will reach 100% renewable energy by 2022. so when it came time to build a new headquarters, we went big, really big. footprint,s of its
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the salesforce tower is tiny. it is on track to be double lead platinum certified and sources 100% renewable energy. it outperforms city energy guidelines by more than 20%, will feature the largest rock water system of its kind in north america, saving 30,000 gallons of water a day, and the salesforce working inside it, they are spending thousands of hours volunteering in the environment each year, because the business of business is to make the world a better place. [applause] announcer: and now, chairman and ceo of salesforce, mark bennion. ♪ mark: it's great to be here. welcome to san francisco, everybody. good morning. is everybody having a good time here? amazing day. well good morning, everybody,
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, vice governor brown president gore, all of our cochairs, delegates, friends from around the world. as a native san franciscan, i am thrilled to join the mayor and the people of our city in welcoming you here to our hometown. i hope you are having a good time. [applause] francisco, alln of us at salesforce, my wife and deeply honored to be your partner at this gathering. we are here today because this climate change, climate change is impacting every continent, every country, every human being. we are here because the worst effects of climate change will be endured by the poorest and most vulnerable among us. this is a matter of equality and justice. we are here because even with the historic commitments that were made in paris, the amazing
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commitments that were made in paris, even with the new commitments at this summit, and it's a great summit, it is not enough. we are still not on track to meet these targets, and soon the impacts of climate can be irreversible. this is a make or break moment. that is why we are here and why we all have to do much, much more. it is up to our generation to act and to act now. the threat is so big and so multidimensional it cannot be solved by anyone, any person, any government, any scientific community, any business, any citizen alone. we must work together. we have to create this and do this in a multi-stakeholder way and continue multi-stakeholder dialogue just like this. dialogue just like this. we have to turn it into multi-stakeholder action and we need to come together in one, grand coalition. this is critical for our future
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. with tremendous resources at our disposal, i truly believe that the businesses, companies like mine, can be one of the greatest platforms for change, including in this incredible fight against climate change. now as the ceo of a tech excited and very i'm going to tell you why. i'm excited because we have an extraordinary opportunity to harness the amazing technology of this fourth industrial revolution that now surrounds us. big data, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles to use them for a better planet. i want to challenge people like bernard, people like who we just heard from, in the united states and around the world to recognize the business
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of business is not simply making money. the business of business is improving the state of the world. the business of business is to make the world a better place. and i challenge ceos to see that taking action and i challenge ceos to see that climate change action is a competitive advantage, because today's customers, our investors, our employees, all of our stakeholders and especially our millennial employees, they want to be associated with companies that take the lead on sustainability. and the spirit of innovation that has transformed our world and is transforming our world with this fourth industrial revolution, it must also be harnessed now to save our planet. these technologies have been given to us as a gift, and now we much harness these technologies to accomplish our goals. but each and everyone of us must step up much much further and every ceo, every ceo has to step up.
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and many, many times, there is an opportunity in our own backyard. living here in california, living here in san francisco, i can tell you that i'm so passionate about our environment, but also our ocean. i can see incredible changes in our oceans. the health of our oceans and health of our societies are deeply linked. but today, our oceans and societies are threatened by overfishing, pollution, climate change, acidification, coral bleaching. yet look at what is possible when we bring our stakeholders together. you look at the world economic forum in geneva, switzerland, the friends of ocean action, a network of scientists, entrepreneurs, advocates who have come together and helped the g7 prioritize oceans for the very first time in this year's summit. or the ocean research center at the university of california right here santa barbara,
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bringing together the brightest minds in science to find solutions to these problems. or look at what just happened in san francisco this weekend, buoyant flats ocean cleanup all the way from amsterdam, which last week launched a system from here in san francisco to clean up all that plastic in the great pacific garbage patch. this is what societies, incredible people, incredible technology, entrepreneurs taking risks, looking for new ideas, new notions, innovations, it is all around us. look at the new research expedition in northwest hawaii that we are in partnership with with my good friend you're going to hear from, our senator, which is going to help us protect our oceans. or look at what just happened at salesforce, where we brought in technologists and entrepreneurs and venture capitalists and businesses and governments who are looking for new ways to heal the ocean.
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this is the progress that's possible when we bring all our stakeholders together and especially ceos. just as every ceo has to step up, every organization and company has to step up as well. now, you all know and i know we need to see a broad decarbonization for our country, -- of our economy sector by sector. this is critical for our future. i'm excited to announce that salesforce is partnering with mission 2020 to create an alliance of 21 major technology companies just like us that are going to decarbonize and harness the power of the industrial revolution to reduce emissions. we're calling it the step up declaration because we're stepping up to tangible commitments, a climate turning
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point by 2020, and we want every company to join us. and let me be specific. not farce towers are from here. it's powered by 100% renewable energy. it's already one of the most sustainable buildings in the world. it's supposed to be an example of what is possible in the future using these new technologies. in fact, all of our offices established after 2020 will meet the highest leed standards for efficiency, and we need every company to fully embrace all of these green building practices. salesforce operates today as a net zero company. today, we operate with net zero greenhouse gas emissions, delivering a clean, carbon-neutral cloud for all our customers worldwide. and we need every company in our industry, and cloud computing, to commit now to have that zero cloud. [applause]
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just as we've committed to being 100% renewable by 2022, we need every company to go with us to be 100% renewable. and we can do it. it's all right in front of us. it's easy and straightforward. and all we have to do is decide, now is the time. today, salesforce is also announcing we'll establish new, science-based targets for emissions even further, and will encourage our suppliers and our partners to do the same, because every business has the opportunity to not only do this themselves, but to motivate across their entire supply chain. every company can motivate across their entire ecosystem, we all have that leverage. you've seen us use that leverage when we went to indiana, and we can use our might to change laws when there is discrimination against the lgbtq community, we
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can use that same power to change those laws in favor of this new incredible world we are all seeking. finally, every employee has to step up. at salesforce, we always 111 model.r only 1% of our time, 1% of our product, many ngos and nonprofits are here, including some of the great ones we all know, like the sierra club, amazing, or greenpeace, using salesforce to run their operation. and that is so meaningful to us, because for over 20 years we've given hundreds of millions of dollars to nonprofits and ngos as part of our charter. and because every salesforce employee gets seven paid days off a year to volunteer, our employees also have given more than 3 million hours to worthy
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causes, including predominantly by earthforce. thousands of our employees give their time and their energy and their technology capabilities to fight climate change every single day. i share this because every company can join our pledge 1% movement and unleash the power within them to help create this climate change solution. how are we going to do that? we're going to get all of our employees focused on healing our planet. every company can give employees paid time off and every company can have employees that give their time tout the environment. this is how businesses can really step up. that's how we can rise to the moment. this is how we can spark the change, the transformation. we can not only take action ourselves, we can inspire all
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nations to act as well. so on behalf of everyone at salesforce, we're excited to be a partner. we're excited by the difference that we can make to build the world that is healthier for generations to come. thank you, governor brown, for this amazing summit and let's have an amazing event. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ linda: well, we've heard from remarkable innovators in business and industry. these are people who are pushing the limits at every field from health care to the workplace to the marketplace. and by the way, downstairs you'll find even more examples of this kind of exciting, innovative process, in the
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climate showcase. again, that's downstairs. but the private sector doesn't have a monopoly on innovation. all around the world, we're seeing governments step up and provide solutions, and to push forward bold ideas on climate. let's hear now from some of those leaders. ♪ announcer: and now, please join me in welcoming the prime minister of fiji, frank benner rama. ♪ >> good morning to you all. ladies and gentlemen, i would like to speak today to the national and regional leaders in the room and around the world. we all know that the levels of ambition in our plan need to be
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up because we are not on track to reach the targets of the paris agreement. that's why this year, the talent is so important. around the world, they're producing thousands of good ideas in a torrent of information that can put us back on track. yesterday, we had a very productive one here yesterday in san francisco with representatives of regional government, business and society, truly a a microcosm that we are harnessing on the global level. as you probably heard, it's a way of sharing stories. but it's not just talk. it's storytelling for a purpose and the stories we heard yesterday and the scores of others that have taken place
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around the world, aren't just talk. they're tools, tools that can be used by political leaders to increase climate action at the national level. stories of what's happening in cities, in board rooms, and places of worship in schools, and in local communities, provide political leaders with the arsenal we need to increase ambition. these stories speak of the urgency for action, but also show us the wealth of possibility offered by new innovations and solutions. one of the simple and ironic truths about climate change is that the more we want everything to stay the same, the more we are going to have to change. loss of land, degradation of our oceans, certain effects of warming will rob us of community and culture, so there is no
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hiding from the consequences. but there are ways to help shape our own destiny. we need to help people embrace the hope. so my fellow leaders, i can only say this. we were elected to lead, not to pander. not to follow, and certainly not to hold up a wet finger to the wind. so let's lead. let's marshall our forces and move to the front. because as we say in the military, you cannot lead from the rear. ask yourself, if i could solve this crisis knowing it would cost me my political career, would i do it? as far as i am concerned, there is only one answer. thank you. [applause] ♪ announcer: now coming to the
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stage, minister of environment for the netherlands, and the president and ceo of the rotterdam authority. ♪ >> good morning. it's really wonderful to be here. and i'm happy to share the stage with the port of rotterdam authority. our new action program reflects the ambition of the netherlands. we brought paris home, into the heart of our national policy, but also into the heart of businesses, cities and other nonstate partners. together we have the ambition to reduce by 50% our greenhouse gases by 2030. and this is a huge challenge, and that means that we are transitioning in our entire economy. we are innovating our
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industries. we are reforming our energy supply, closing coal-fired power plants before 2030. we are building the world's biggest offshore wind farm, and all new cars that will have zero emissions by 2030. and when we talk about all this , there is one point missing. this world is going to 10 billion people. and those 10 billion people will be using a lot of resources. so when we want to check on climate change, we need to look beyond the energy question and address resource. that is why the netherlands is committing to halfing our resource used by 2020. we want to be a no waste economy by 2050. [applause] a no waste economy that reuses raw materials, making new
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concrete from old concrete, new plastics from old plastics. this is an action summit because we need to deliver, and the netherlands is very much committed to doing so. one year ago, we committed on ports, and that's why i am happy to be here today with this man, who is going to tell you what the port of rotterdam is committed to do. thank you very much. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, thank you very much. the port industrial area and rotterdam is accountable for 20% of emissions. hence, the port of rotterdam is keenly supporting our government activities by investing in energy efficiency, climate capture, and other economy initiatives. ports are an essential
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infrastructure to efficiently move products, raw materials, goods around the world, to and from countries. together, the shipping industry and ports are accountable for a significant amount of greenhouse gases. you could compare total emissions to the emissions profile of a country like germany. so, the port of rotterdam has decided to take action, and i'm very pleased today to announce the launch of the global port climate action program. where we have reached out to other leading ports around the world to collaborate, to create a coalition of the willing to address climate change issues and to decarbonize the maritime sector. and i'm pleased to confirm the ports of los angeles, hamburg, and barcelona have joined so far. [applause] we will focus our efforts on
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increasing the efficiency of the supply chain by using data technology. we will increase the uptake of renewable shore to power and shore-to-ship facilities. and we wish to collaborate with the legislator and regulators to come up with global and regional appropriate aspirational policies and legislation. we are reaching out to other ports to join our efforts. we believe that by addressing and calling upon the shipping industry and ports to join us. we can truly make a difference, and make it happen. thank you very much. [applause] ♪
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announcer: please welcome the european commissioner for climate action and energy, minister miguel arias pinete. minister pinete: your excellency's, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, this summit is about taking ambition to the next level. how can we do this? i would like to talk about building blocks. the first is commitment. maintaining our efforts. the european union is deeply committed to the paris agreement, a decision to a low carbon, climate resilient future, and we are delivering. we have completed our framework to bring clean energy to our citizens. the european union already has a good record on carbon emissions.
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we are deeply committed to helping others make the transition, especially the most vulnerable. the european union will continue to show leadership and step up international cooperation and support worldwide. that brings me to my second point, cooperation. we have to meet the global challenge together. i'm convinced the experience of both california and the european union are helpful in this area. we are going to step up our carbon programs to bring them much closer. last year, we committed to a regular dialogue on the design and implementation of our carbon market.
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we have now agreed to enhance this cooperation on key topics, including on investments and technologies and production. we will also work with others on international levels to develop and implement systems. since last year, a major player, china, has joined the carbon market community, a signal that the economy the size of china chooses carbon-free emissions. the third ingredient for taking ambition to the next level is a clear vision of the future. the european union wants to take the lead on this, but right now we are developing a long-term strategy for reducing european omissions. at the climate summit in poland, it will be a strategy of cooperation to bring our carbon footprint to zero by 2050, to
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make our economy more competitive, more resilient and more modern to show a complete example of how the goals of the paris agreement can be achieved together with social and economic development. we hope our action can help and inspire others to make their own long-term plans. this summit shows the power and potential of everyone working together. we can only meet the unprecedented climate challenge by moving forward together. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ >> good morning. thank you, linda douglass, for your kind introduction. thank you for your tremendous leadership as a representative
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of our country in the media in the world. it's an honor to be here with so many of you this morning, to welcome so many global leaders to our city of san francisco, and to our golden state of california. we are proud of our tradition of being a hotbed of bipartisan environmental fervor, a place where john muir established the sierra club in 1892. and it was another bay area leader, david brower, who established the league of conservation voters. for us, combating global warming is not an issue, it is an ethic, it's a value, and it's imperative we act upon that value. [applause]
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speaker pelosi: for this reason, when i was speaker, the priority of addressing global warming and energy independence was my flagship issue, based on our values, informed by science. science, science, science, and inspired by the work of vice president al gore, who created the select committee on energy independence and global warming, led by now senator ed markey. despite what is happening in washington now, i am ever helpful. working with republicans we passed the energy independence and security act signed by president bush, talking and you have to clean energy, increasing the use of renewables and holding polluters accountable for environmental disaster. among other key priorities. under president obama, we went on to pass the american clean energy and security act in the house, but we were stopped in the senate by the coal industry.
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for this and other reasons, i'm grateful to michael bloomberg's beyond coal initiative working with the sierra club. it is so essential. [applause] as californians, we are exceptionally proud of our governor, jerry brown -- [applause] thank you. for his decades of leadership as an early visionary, a brilliant strategist and a persistent champion to preserve the planet for future generations. decades ago, he recognized early that we must act swiftly, boldly, and collectively in the face of a grim future, one of rising oceans. oceans, he was early on the oceans issue, savage wildfires, and extreme and unpredictable weather patterns that devastate communities and destabilize our world. this conference -- and thank you all for being here -- and the
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manifestation of governors brown -- is the manifestation of governor brown's determination to face one of the most serious crises the world has ever faced. thank you, governor brown. [applause] to confront the climate challenge, we must think globally, organize locally, and act personally. and that means understanding how to engage everyone in the solution, at every level of society, across all ethnic and community lines, including our indigenous people. [applause] for them, land is a gift from god and their ancestors who rest there, a sacred place with which they need to interact if they are to maintain their identity and values. and we must also engage our
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young people, because the future and this planet's future belong to them. [applause] this is a top issue for millennials in the united states of america. michael bloomberg, our cochair, it's an honor for me to bring forward michael bloomberg. he understands the public sector, the private sector, and the nonprofit sector, and how to harness the power of all three to drive progress. as you and special envoy for climate action, he has turbocharged the efforts of governments, businesses and civil society to set targets and then to meet them. as mayor of new york, he advanced cutting-edge initiatives that slashed emissions and set the gold standard for our nation. as a business leader, he appreciates the power of private
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capital to combat the global climate crisis. as a philanthropist, his generosity has been a magnet for other philanthropists to inform the public about what the climate crisis means to them in their lives. as an author and producer, he's building public support for action and bringing the crisis to the forefront of our national and global conversation. this is very important because when you say climate, sometimes people think that's something into the future, or very esoteric. but the fact is it's about clean air and clean water that our children and grandchildren drink. in closing, i want to thank and recognize the leadership of governor jerry brown, who set california on the path to a carbon-free economy by 2045. [applause]
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we are so blessed for our cochair. thank you, jerry brown. i want to acknowledge the extraordinary leadership across all sectors in our society, michael bloomberg. thank you, chairman michael bloomberg. [applause] many things that the mayor has done, but one of the important things is to connect this issue to people, and for them to see this connection of this value, this ethic, this imperative in their lives. now we are going to give you a preview of michael's new film called, "paris to pittsburgh." let's watch the clip. thank you all, very much. [film clip] president trump: the knighted states will withdraw from the paris climate accord.
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i was elected to represent the citizens of pittsburgh, not paris. >> pittsburgh? what was upsetting about that, that alliteration was a stereotype of our past. pittsburgh is poised to lead in the 20th century. >> we are still in, even with the president pulling us out of one of the most important treaties, when every other major company said we are going to come together and commit to dealing with climate change. >> i'm shocked at how close the water is approaching, just off the beach the sea level rises. completely apparent in miami. >> we had six and have feet of water on the main level of the house for over a week. stuff that was in our bedroom wound up in the garage, and stuffed that was in the garage i imagine is way down in louisiana now. >> in puerto rico, the worst thing is to think that will repeat. >> not a lot survived that fire
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in ventura county. it burned so hot that everything liquefied. i'm not going to be able to save anything. it's really hard. >> if we're going to avoid reaching catastrophic levels, we need to put our foot on the renewable-energy pedal. the transformation is the greatest economic opportunity of the 20th century. >> businesses have lined up to say we're still committing to the paris accord because it's good for their bottom line. >> my daughter made a decision that was where she wanted to be. this is an opportunity that has not been available in america for a long, long time. >> the solar opportunity is offering a second chance. >> it doesn't matter if you're republican, democrat, independent, you have a role to play here. >> if we look at it as an american marshall plan, we can
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achieve the goals of the paris agreement. >> this is the start of us taking control of our future. >> we have the right to a future. we have the right to basic necessities that we need to live. we the people need to take action. our lives are at stake here. ♪ [applause] announcer: please welcome the united nations secretary-general's special envoy for climate action, the founder of bloomberg philanthropies and the 108th mayor of new york city, michael bloomberg. [applause] mayor bloomberg: thank you. thank you and good afternoon, good morning, whatever it is depending on where you come from. hello. [audience member shouting] nice to see you, thanks for
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coming. [audience member shouting] >> our planet is not for sale. [audience members chanting was ] >> our planet is not for sale. the air is not for sale. [audience members chanting] the air is not for sale. our water is not for sale. the air is not for sale. the air is not for sale. [audience members chanting] >> our people and communities are not for sale. [indiscernible voices]
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mr. bloomberg: only in america could we have an environmentalist protesting at an environmental conference. [laughter] [applause] mr. bloomberg: anyway, thank you all for coming. i'd like to thank nancy in particular for her leadership and good work on this issue over the years. i hope you all enjoyed the trailer for our film, "paris to pittsburgh." it will air on the national geographic channel in december,
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so mark your calendars. i think it will be just as popular as "from the ashes," the movie we made about coal. i want to thank governor brown for bringing us here in a city and state that have been leaders on climate change. and governor brown and congresswoman pelosi both deserve a lot of credit for that. applaud.can [applause] mr. bloomberg: now, california is a great example of how fighting climate change and growing the economy go hand-in-hand. that is something we also saw in new york. we created a record number of jobs while also reducing our carbon footprint by 19%. and i know many of you have had similar experiences and your own cities and countries. and we appreciate the distance many of you traveled to be here today. governor brown and i began talking about this summit last year, after the trump administration announced intention to withdraw from the paris climate agreement.
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obviously, neither of us were happy about that, to say the least. climate change is a global challenge and washington ought to be leading from the front. we also knew many people around the world would conclude, wrongly, that america is not from climate away action. nothing could be further from the truth. that's the message of the film and why we are here today. we want the world to know americans are more determined than ever to make progress on climate, and we are making progress right now, a lot of progress. in fact, we are making just as much as progress under this administration as we did under the last. [audience member shouting] it's not for sale, but that's okay. give them a second. let them have their say. you wouldn't know this from
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reading the headlines that were not making progress, but we are making progress. we're making progress. the headlines focus on the political fights in washington, but the real action is happening in cities, states and the private sector. and the good news is, those groups are positioning the united states to uphold our end of the paris agreement, no matter what happens in washington. the fact is, in the united states, the decisions that have been the most influential over greenhouse gas in missions -- guest emissions -- greenhouse gas emissions are not made by the federal government. these decisions are made by mayors and governors and corporate executives and individuals, for their own homes, who want to deliver cheaper energy, more jobs, clean air, and help you live your lives. they are made by ceos who want to save money on energy costs and capitalize on new business opportunities generated by advanced technology.
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and they're made by citizens who want to breathe fresh air and drink clean water that otherwise would make them sick. because of all these groups, over the last decade the u.s. has cut its carbon emissions more than any other large nation in the world. last year, with no help from washington whatsoever, u.s. emissions fell to their lowest levels in 25 years. [applause] yes, you can applaud. [applause] you can applaud because you were a part of the reason that happened, you made it happen. the story of how and why that reduction is happening is written in communities across america, and it doesn't get bold -- it doesn't get told enough. over the last six years, more than half of all u.s. coal-fired power plants have been closed or made plans to do so. that's 273 coal-fired power plants out of 530. and i'm happy to say, since the 2016 election, coal-fired power plant closures have continued at
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the same rate despite the administration's effort to prop up the industry with subsidies. and the reason is again simple. washington isn't in charge of america's energy production, consumers are. and the new technologies delivering exactly what they want, energy that is cheaper and cleaner than coal. yes, you can applaud. [applause] washington can't stop the decline of coal, and it can't keep america from fulfilling the commitment we made in paris. over the past year, you can applaud again if you want. i'm always happy to get applause. [applause] over the past year, thousands of cities, states, businesses, universities and others every -- have reaffirmed their support for the paris agreement, and together, their work is being supported by america's pledge.
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america's pledge aggregates all the climate actions being taken by all the groups that have declared support for the paris agreement. to put the size of that group in perspective, it represents more than half of the u.s. population. if it were a country, it would have the world's third-largest economy, behind only china and the overall united states. in other words, if washington drops out of the paris agreement, the group of americans committed to it would represent more economic might than any other country still in the agreements, other than china. [applause] now the paris agreement wasn't only about commitments, it was also about accountability. and through america's pledge, we are upholding that end of the deal, as well. by measuring progress the u.s. is making cutting emissions and reporting that to the united nations, just like every other nation is doing under the
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paris agreement. we submitted our first report at the u.n. climate conference in germany. this morning, we released our latest report, and announced very encouraging news from it. the report, which is based on rigorous data collected and analyzed, shows the united states is nearly halfway to our paris goal of cutting emissions by at least 26% by the year 2025. and it outlines the steps public , private and nonprofit organizations can take to reach that goal. everyday, we're getting closer. just let me give you a few examples. indianapolis has cut emissions by round 17% through actions like changing thousands of streetlights to led's. georgetown, texas is running on nearly 100% clean energy, and dozens of more cities are on the way. bloomberg is one of many american companies committed to
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reaching that same goal and we are on track to get there by 2025. in the meantime, we are improving our energy efficiency by about 50%. a coalition of western states with republican and democratic governors, are working together to build electric-vehicle charging stations. and progress like this are small steps, but small steps that add up to big things are playing out around the country. that doesn't mean what happens in washington isn't important. it is. we need more federal leadership, and that's one reason i've gotten involved in this year's midterm elections. [applause] thank you. [applause] now, i've never been a partisan guy. i've been a democrat, a republican, and an independent, so i know something about partisan politics. but republicans in washington have had years to take on the issue and they have stuck their
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heads in the sand. we need to direction that's we need new direction in washington so on supporting democrats in their bid to take over the house of representatives. [applause] now that won't, on its own, break the deadlock, but it will send a message that members of congress better start taking this issue seriously, or the american public will send them packing. [applause] leadership in washington, the report we're using this morning can serve as for the policing board national climate action driven by the bottom-up. it's a blueprint other countries can use to make their own progress. that's what's starting to happen. the japanese climate initiative is a coalition of is essays, cities, and regional governments working to accelerate process. another coalition was launched in mexico last month. we are hopeful that groups and more countries will embrace the
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approach in the months and years ahead. they madethe goals were just the beginning. they have to keep aiming higher and mechanized how important cities, states, and businesses are in that work. through our foundation, we'll help them harness the power and drive progress. we have a lot of work to do, of course. every week brings fresh evidence of the emergency of climate change, from rising sea levels to storms and wildfires. this year, bloomberg philanthropist challenged the 100 biggest u.s. cities to create ambitious proposals to cut emissions from their two biggest sources, transportation and buildings. and over the course, we'll announce the winners starting tomorrow. we're also helping states plan to get energy from clean sources and keep working with the campaign to reduce our reliance on coal and power plants. now, we can do a lot more faster with support from the federal
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government. instead, the administration is inflicting real harm on america. according to the epa's estimate, the new coal pollution rules proposed would lead to 1400 more premature deaths each year. i doubt those rules will go into effect because cities and states are fighting back, just as they have against washington's attempts to reverse our progress. and california, i'm happy to say, is leading a group of states existing federal laws and rollbacks of fuel efficiency standards that neither automakers nor consumers want. other states are sending their own rules to reduce methane leaks from oil and gas operations, and cities all across the country are cutting carbon emissions through energy efficiency, which brings savings to residents. we're going to keep fighting and
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we're going to keep winning. to the non-americans in this room i say, thank you for not giving up on us. we're going to get there. no matter what obstacles washington tries to throw in our way. keep up all the great work you have been doing and i look forward to seeing new efforts and partnerships come out of this forum that will keep us on the path to victory in the fight against climate change. all the best. we're going to win. thank you. [applause] ♪ >> well today, we heard about climate impact but we also heard
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about the hard-fought progress that is being made with the leadership of everybody here in this room we continue to work to create an era where clean energy is the new normal. an era where millions of people who live and work around the world will do so in a pollution free economy. all of us will benefit collectively by making climate action a priority because when we pursue a clean energy economy , we can also provide people with pathways out of poverty and access to a better quality of life. and one of the leaders who has helped us in the world to help us understand the connection between poverty and climate change is van jones. let's take a look at some of his work. >> good morning. we need to be focused on building a green economy that is strong enough to lift millions of people out of poverty. >> one of it is across the hype cost-of-living and low cost of life.
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>> all across the country, power plants are poisoning our communities and they think it's okay. it's not okay. >> poverty and pollution. these issues have traditionally been so big they have to be tackled separately. we now understand these issues are so interconnected that they can't actually be solved unless they are tackled together. >> it is hard to learn if you can't breathe. >> struggling to pay for medical bills for pollution related disease. >> there's a better technology out there that's not powered by pollution, but powered by solution. >> we need to make sure the solutions are aggressive and accelerating to a clean energy future. >> we have a responsibility to spread the good news about sustainability. >> this powerplant pushes away from coal to benefit the air of the community that we're standing in right now. >> we've seen that solar makes a huge difference. >> things like affordable housing. >> electric vehicles. >> put our kids on buses going to a clean energy future.
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let's create jobs for people who create these new smart batteries and stuff. actually investing in new economies for communities that are bent under invested for so long. >> i've been having more asthma attacks. because high pollution. >> everything is having an impact in different ways. >> >> it gets very high. i had to keep my ac running and my bill got extremely high. >> we just continue living and keep struggling. >> join us where we are addressing poverty and pollution at the same time. >> let's build a sustainable future with good jobs, better health, and a good environment. >> we will rise! [cheering and applause] ♪ [applause]
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♪ van: hello. i am honored to be here. we are going to have an extraordinary panel, but please give a round of applause to the young people who make green for all work. all for green, green for all. i love the young folks we work with every day. our challenge is to fight pollution and poverty at the same time. we think that you can create more work, more wealth, and better health with a green economy than you ever will with a great pollution based economy and we'll hear from some of the best people in the world about how to get that done. i'll walk to my chair and i will give a round of applause to mayor sylvester turner from houston, captain mckenna, the minister of environment and climate in change from canada,
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and alexandra pulse from l'oreal. let's bring them all out and go. [applause] ♪ van: welcome, welcome, welcome. ya'll keep clapping for these amazing folks. [applause] van: first, i just want to say we don't have a lot of hope often in the world right now with all the challenges. and you, all of you, in your respective roles are some of the most hope generating leaders that we have. and you're kind of crazy. [laughter] in that you're willing to not only take on the climate crisis but willing to do it in ways that make sense from a government point of view and we
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just want to hear from you how you are doing this. i want to start with you. your group is a $20.7 billion and that's a lot of money even in this room. [laughter] help me understand why you decided to be so charitable? i'm sure you're losing a lot of money in the clean energy economy. can you talk to us about the money that you're losing? [laughter] >> i hope my analysts didn't hear you. we are actually making money. that's what i was going to get to. how did this start? it starts with the heart. i'm a newly minted grandfather so i do care about my grandson's future and this might come as shocking news, but business people are human beings, too. we have the same emotions. but the interesting thing i found was that as we move from
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the heart, and then of course governments get in the picture and nudge you to do things, then you have your enhancement which is a goal. but we found serendipitously that everything we tried to do to help the planet made money for us. let us say simply, led lighting, a one-year payback. we said we should be in solar power because my corporate communications team said take a stand on something. and then some maverick engineer in our company goes and creates a solar business and today we are the largest solar developers in india. making money, by the way, it's not about giving away money. my message in the last three years has been very simply this. this is not only about saving this planet. it's about the biggest business opportunity of the next decade. if anyone wants to move away from climate change will leave the arena to us and to see business and the good of the
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planet converge we're very happy. we get more mileage for ourselves. how do we get this traction and continue to make our businesses look for innovation here? that is where the targets came up. christiana spoke about that. that was in january and i interviewed a caller globally to increase the number of companies that were going to commit to science-based targets. size-based targets are basically if you set targets which will allow you to align with the paris agreement targets of warming two or 3 degrees centigrade. and if you do that, you'll be making progress together. i issued the call and i'm happy to say that since that time and since january, there's been a 39% increase. christiana put up a figure of 476 companies that have already signed up. it's 488 as we speak right now and i want toed
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congratulate all the companies in the world. combined $1020 of market cap in these 488 companies committing. >> amazing. [applause] van: i love the fact that you tried to do it for charitable reasons and couldn't help but making money. you wound up making money despite yourself. let's go from corporate to government, the government sector. you're in canada. >> i am. van: well, not right now but you're in canada and you're rolling out a pretty aggressive plan that i think ordinary people can understand. can you talk about what you're trying to get done in canada? >> there's a number of things. if you talk climate change you have to take action across the board and across sectors. one of the things we're doing
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sounds wonky, but putting a price on pollution. the reason you need to do this is because polluting isn't free. i was in the high arctic in canada a few days ago with our indigenous people and they are seeing huge impacts of climate change including on their food. this is the food they rely on is disappearing. we have huge forest fires across the west of canada and extreme heat where people are dying and as i like to put it, by not taking action on pollution by not putting a cost on it, you're passing on the biggest that ever to future generations. and i got three kids. we can't do that. putting a price on pollution is something that is important in recognizing that there is a cost and when i -- i'm a politician, right? so i had to knock on doors and convince people that what we are doing is making sense. other politicians knock on doors and doesn't recognize people need jobs. you can do both. and so having a cost on pollution is important because what it does is businesses innovate and looters pay, of course. businesses will innovate
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and find clean solutions and do exactly what was said. they will take advantage of the $23 trillion opportunity of clean growth and also we'll do what we have to do which we need to be serious for climate action and need to leave a more sustainable planet for kids. van: look, i wish more politicians talk like you. [cheering and applause] that's a strong case. this is getting weird because you're talking about making money and talking about innovation and you know, at l'oreal, you have also found a different way to talk about the entire issue. talk to us about an aspirational company how you are coming at this whole question. >> yes, thank you. good morning so far to everybody. thank you for having me. i think at l'oreal, we have
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achieved a minus 73% carbon reduction. van: say that again. i don't think people heard. say that one more time. >> since 2005, we have reduced our carbon mission in our operations by 73%. van: 73. [applause] >> but our growth and production raised by 33%. i think part of -- we are the living proof that business, growth and sustainability go perfectly hand-in-hand. that's something that we question a lot when we still have to talk about that. but it seems quite obvious that what is dangerous to the company and to business is not sustainability but climate change and the consequences. how can we imagine to do good business in the world coming up if we do not work on another model? but i would like to say i think part of our success story is that we changed the narrative around sustainability. what is sustainability? when we talk about
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sustainability, we very often talk about catastrophes that climate change is going to bring. but the solutions that we propose sound very often like punishment. they sound like not doing something, not being able to lead a prosporous life, and no, a sustainable lifestyle, the sustainable world that is going to come up if we do what is necessary to do. that's going to be b a beautiful and inspirational lifestyle. that's the world we want to live in. and i think we have to have a positive narrative. and that's what we are trying to do at l'oreal. when we work with sustainability, it is as glamorous as desirable. and that brought all employees on board. i think this is the way we will mobilize society more. van: beautiful, beautiful. let me ask you something. you said back stage something i
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had never heard anybody say before and i've been in this field a long time. somebody said a scarcity versus prosperity mindset and you said something about scarcity that i hadn't thought about number in terms of the status quo. if you could say a little bit more about that. >> scarcity for us is going to the world we are heading to if we are not working on planet change. water scarcity for our clients. water scarcity for our consumers. we are not going to be able to do business in a society that is going to be completely destroyed. we are going to have conflicts. so the question is how can businesses still question this and how can we have still to talk about that sustainability is good for business? van: give a round of applause. when you think about l'oreal, i think number two in the world performer when it comes to carbon. we have a song in the united states which of these things is
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not like the other -- you are the mayor of houston. a city in texas, houston is the energy capital of the world. i think the protesters would try to find you. what is the mayor of houston texas doing at a green conference? you got hit by a big storm. how is your city doing and why are you so committed to climate solutions in houston, texas? mayor turner: the mayor of houston, texas believes that climate change is real. i believe in the science. [applause] mayor turner: that's true.
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the city of houston is a part of the c-40 cities. i also co-chair, along with mayor gusettee, the climate mayors of the united states congress of mayors. we believe in the paris agreement, and as a result over 400 mayors in the united states have signed on. we are going to do everything we can to fulfill the tenements of the paris agreement. if you don't lead at the top, mayors will lead from where we are. and that includes places -- [applause] mayor turner: that includes places like houston, texas. and the reality is -- bear in mind, in the last three years, the city of houston has faced three 500-year floods. in the last three years. it is clear. it was a question about whether or not i was going to be able to make it to this conference , because there was a system that was forming in the gulf. and it's not about whether it's a hurricane anymore. you can have a major rain event just from a system that starts. harvey was a game changer, and i think we've all learned that
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sustainability, and resilience go hand in hand. and you can be the energy capital of the world and at the same time, you can recognize that we need to do a lot to address the climate change, for the future -- not only of our city, but other cities across the globe. it's real, and i'm -- it's the energy capital of the world but the city of houston is the number one municipality in the united states of the utilization of green energy. green power in the united states. 80% of our energy is wind. 10% is solar, on earth today we sent it into a purchase agreement, we increased our solar consumption from 30 megawatts to 50. we reduced the contracted price, by 8%. over 20 years, we will be saving the city of houston $40 million. green power is energy power, and literally, for communities that have been ignored and overlooked for decades in our city we are transforming and revitalizing
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communities through the u.s. of green energy. you can be the energy capital, and at the same, you can time believe in climate change and make things happen. van: i guess you need a round of applause for that. [applause] van: in the two minutes we have left, i want to come back to you because that seems like a pretty good sales pitch on green stuff in a red states. . e. but you have to push up against some pretty tough opposition. you're talking about putting a price on pollution. how do you solve this message in canada? mckenna: it always comes back to people. you can't be talking like a economist or someone who is fancy.
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you have to think about someone who is trying to put food on the table, get their kids to activities and is worried about paying their bills. that's why we talk about why this is good for the middle class. this is good for people that there are going to be economic opportunities. there are great jobs here. we have great canadian companies that are selling clean solutions across the board. it is hard. the one say i would say as a politician -- we need support. we need support of business leaders like this. transitions take time. we've been on fossil fuels for a long time. we've all benefited from them, and making our way out of them is hard. a losing proposition is not supporting governments that are trying to do hard things. it is hard. every day i have people who say what we're doing is wrong. that we don't understand that you're going to lose jobs. when we have here business leaders who are saying of course this is a huge economic opportunity.
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these are the jobs of the future. these are the jobs our kids are going to have, or kids have right now, and so we all have to come together, and that's why i work so hard with cities, with provinces, with state that i'm meeting with here. with businesses to bring people together. because what you can see if you divide people, you're going to get nothing done. [applause] van: i love it. i'm going to give my business friend the last word in the 30 seconds that we have. you have gone above and beyond. you went and stood up with al gore and put your face in the world and challenged people. why did you do that? what came of that challenge you issued? anand: well, that challenge is what i spoke of earlier where i issued a challenge to companies around the world to step up their commitment to science-based targets. and also told you i'm delighted
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that since then 39% increase in the number of companies committed the rate of people signing up went from 13 a month to 18 a month, and now it's 488. one more commitments i'd like to make because i issued a challenge. you were kind enough to say we were $20 billion. it is not big in america, but we employ 200,000 people who are listening now, and what i'd like to do is use the platform you've given me to announce that as far as the group is concerned, and all 100 companies, i'm committing on behalf of them we will be carbon neutral by 2040, 10 years ahead of the paris agreement target. [applause] van: wow. well, that's called a mic drop moment. [applause] van: we can't drop our mic's because they are attached to our bases. but give a round of applause to our incredible panel. thank you for being here. [applause] [applause] ♪
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>> well, our next speaker is known in nearly every galaxy as an acting legend, but he will be the first to tell you that planet unfortunately is the only
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home we have. i'm glad to introduce him as a tireless champion for conservation and an outspoken climate change activist. please welcome the executive vice chair of conservation international and recent recipient of the founders award, harrison ford. [applause] ♪ harrison: thank you. thank you very much. thank you for being here. you're here, i'm here, because we care. not just for today, but we care passionately for the future. we know that we only have the possibility of avoiding a looming climate catastrophe if people like us refuse to give up. conservation international has been working for 30 years to protect nature for people. i have been on the board for over 20 years.
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we've done some good work in that time. working with others many of whom are in this room today. we've accomplished a lot. but all of that is at risk if we don't change the path that we're on today. the future of humanity is at stake. while you work to meet the challenge of climate change, i beg of you, don't forget nature. because today - - [applause] harrison: because today, the destruction of nature accounts for more global emissions than all the cars and trucks in the world. we can put solar panels on every
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house. we can turn every car into an electric vehicle. as long as sumatra burns, we will have failed. so long as the amazon, great forests are slashed and burned, so long as the protected lands of tribal people indigenous people are allowed to be encroached upon, so long as wetlands and bog peats are destroyed, our climate goals will remain out of reach, and we will be shit out of time. if we don't stop the destruction of our natural world, nothing else will matter. why? because protecting and restoring forests mangroves, wetlands, these huge, dense carbon sinks, represent at least 30% of what needs to be done to avoid catastrophic warming. it is at this time the only feasible solution for absorbing carbon on a global scale. simply put, if we don't protect nature, we can't protect
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ourselves. [applause] we need to include nature in every corporate, state, and national climate goal. put in place the plans, the time tables, to meet those goals. invest in mangroves and tropical forests in the same way invested in renewable energy. work to end the destruction of these ecosystems. commit to the effort in the next decade to secure them for the future. pursue research in reforestation like we pursue resource in carbon capture and storage. [applause]
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harrison: set a goal to cut costs and increase sales scale dramatically. empower indigenous communities to use their knowledge, their history, their imaginations. [applause] harrison: our science to save their heritage and their lands. respect and ensure their rights. harrison: [applause] harrison: educate and elect leaders who believe in science and understand the importance of protecting nature. stop, for gods's sake, the denigration of science. stop giving power to people who don't believe in science, or worse than that, pretend they do not leave and science for their own self-interest. [cheers and applause] harrison: they know who they
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are. we know who they are. we all, rich or poor, powerful, or powerless, we will all suffer the effects of climate change and ecosystem destruction, and we are facing what is quickly becoming the greatest moral crisis of our time that those least responsible will bear the greatest cost. don't ever get who we are -- don't ever forget who we are fighting for. it's for the fishermen in columbia, the fishermen in somalia, who wonders why the government cannot protect them from factory fishing across the world.
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it's the mother in the philippines who is worried the next big storm will rip her infant out of her arms. it's the people out here in california, people on the east coast, people in california fleeing from unprecedented fires. people on the east coast are facing the worst storms in recorded history. it's a own country, our own community, our own family. this is the core truth. if we are to survive on this planet, the only one any of us will ever know, for our climate, for our security, for our future, we need nature, now more than ever, because nature doesn't need people.
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people need nature. fellas, let's turn off our phones and let's kick this monster's ass. [cheers and applause] ♪ pres. obama: hi, everybody. i wish i could be with all of you at this remarkable event. i would like to take a moment to thank all of you for you are doing to lead us forward on climate. with each year that goes by, we see a more intense and urgent preview of our future if the climate keeps changing faster than our efforts to change it. and this summer was no different. it makes me think of something governor jay inslee once said. we are the first generation to build the impact of climate change and the last generation that can do something about it.
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that conviction is why i made climate change priority when i was president. we more than doubled reduction on clean energy like wind and solar. we took the first-ever nationwide standards to limit from power plants that are dumped into the air that our kids breathe. we increased clean energy and at the same time, we led around the world, working with china and india and dozens of other countries to set ambitious climate targets. those efforts led to the paris agreement, an agreement that will delay or void some of the worst changes of consequences. obviously, the united states is now the only country on earth that does not belong to the paris agreement we helped forge, and that is a tough position to defend. but here's the thing. the paris agreement was never going to solve the climate crisis on its own.
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that is up to all of us. presidents can set goals and priorities, but it is up to everyone else to do the work required to meet them. that is why your leadership is so important, the 17 governors and 400 mayors who have committed to upholding the paris agreement, the climate trail blazers, the activists, engineers, marine biologist fighting climate change around the world. every single passionate , idealistic young person who is marching and organizing and demanding action, because they know that there is such a thing as being too late. they are determined not to let that happen during they are determined to build a better future.
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you are about to meet some of these young people right now, and it should inspire you and spur you to action. thank you so much, everybody. take it away. >> and now, please join me in welcoming -- ♪ >> thank you. we are here today because we cannot wait any longer. as the ones who are going to inherit this planet, our generation has the weakest in this fight. the most to gain, the most to lose.
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in my village, i ran with friends while we fished. the people of the village lived up the stream. some 14 years later, my grandmother tells me that this stream that was once our lifeblood is now dry in the sunny seasons and a flood in the wet seasons. climate change is not a far-fetched concept for my people. it is an absurd reality. we truly believe ourselves to be the protectors, the custodians of the earth. it is this burden i share with you today, not for the restoration of that stream, but for the lifeblood of future generations of the world.
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>> we are confronting problems from different angles and resolving new problems with different issues. i grew up in ghana. years ago, i came up with a new initiative. for now, we are producing hundreds of bicycles every month. we are also cultivating bamboo and creating economic empowerment. as you can see, the blue farming also promotes recycling that reduces carbon emissions from the atmosphere. around the globe, we can find new solutions and together, we are making progress. but we are running out of time.
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thank you. [applause] clock,we are on a running out of time. i come from bangladesh. . land of rivers the river is powerful. it provides bounties, but it can take it away in an instant, like it did last year. this year. here, ias flying looked down at the river crisscrossing the sierra nevada mountains, the channels. the landscape was harsh and and drought. sickened by heat and drought. the current political times feel like that.
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we are surrounded by unforgiving mountains, but the river, it persists. it flows from a single-minded determination to reach its the ocean, its mission. off, it finds other ways. it cuts through mountains even when it is sometimes only inches away. we must be like the river. cut through the mountains and the obstacles we face. there are many. but we know the solutions. we know what to do. we have heard that for the last two and a half years. we need to reach that with single-minded determination to. preserve our only home. let's be the river. let's bend the curves in the next 24 months. thank you. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2018] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] c-span "washington journal,"
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with news and events that impact you. today, dr. roberta debiasi talks about acute flaccid myelitis. in our spotlight on magazine regalado on his recent article. and proposing changes to help colleges and universities handle sexual misconduct complaints. we will discuss it with sarah brown of the chronicle of higher education. join the discussion. >> this weekend on c-span tonight on 8:00 p.m. eastern, aboutournalists talk their favorite photographs on the campaign trail. and how i do it, but then you
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take really hard and look really hard, because there is always a story to tell alexis is stage craft, political theater, but he ,lways tried to lift the veil so that people can really understand what they are like and what they are about. booktv, pulitzer prize-winning war photographer lyndsay is oriented talks about photos she has taken in the .iddle east durin >> it was terrifying. as we were hit by qaddafi's trou ops, there was sniper fire, it was relentless, and these guys will often run away and leave us, the journalists, on the front line, and we would have to sort of runaway after them. tonight at 8:00 p.m. eastern,
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how the became part of america's founding story. that's one reason they become his influential and important organism is they can be used to give america a sort of normal sontity or you know across, we know pilgrims came here for freedom or for were all of those things come and become vacant for those reasons, that is what america stands for ever since. this weekend on the c-span networks. >> what does it mean to be american?that is this year 's c-span studentcam competition. long carol stream, illinois tweeted "what does it mean to be american?" social studies, important people and events of the nation.
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tweeted "see hms students brainstorm ideas for c-span studentcam. two hoskins has had students recognized for their projects in recent years. i think he is going for a trifecta." we discussed freedom of speech at the first amendment. mrs. king from william denny middle school in fort lauderdale, florida tweeted c-span 2013 during checkout the posted. question what does it mean to be american. awarding $100,000 in total cash prizes, including a grand prize.
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the deadline for entries january 23 more information, go to studentcam.org. >> supreme court justice ruth bader ginsburg recently talked about the confirmation process, calling congress the culprits for polarization. this is just over one hour. >> brian johnson is going to escort the justice to her seat. you know how famous brian johnson is these days.

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