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tv   116th Congress Freshmen Profile Interviews Part 1  CSPAN  January 1, 2019 10:35am-11:04am EST

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year. that is all walks of life and all income levels and all interest thereon almost as many reasons to come to appear as there are people that visit. if you were to walk down up your on any given day and ask people why they are here you would get a different reason from each one of them. watch the c-span cities tour on c-span2 book tv and sunday at 2:00 on american history tv on c-span3. working with cable affiliates as we explore the american story. over 100 new members of the house and senate join the 116th congress on january 3. c-span interviewed several freshmen members while they were in washington dc to attend orientation sessions. democrat harley rouda defeated dana rohrabacher.
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lives in orange county california. host: what motivated you to run? >> the 2016 election. it was not just donald trump, it was the sense that we are putting party first and country second on both parties. this unwillingness to reach across the aisle and serve your country for how you were elected. it seems like the election came down to a vote on personalities for most voters instead of discussion the issues and fighting for the issues. for me it was a bit of a watershed event and i decided to run. host: why did you think you could defeat dana rohrabacher? rep. rouda: i come from a business background and a legal background. this was probably the biggest decision i have made with the least due diligence. i looked at it that with my business and law background that i can do a better job than this to has for the last 30 years monopoly fully understanding the
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process it takes to get here. fortunately we had a great team and great volunteer support that allowed us to win. what you were doing before you ran for office? >> i built one of the largest real estate firms in the country with franchises across the u.s.. then i was doing a lot of board work before jumping in and running for office. doing?hat were you >> my wife and i in the 20's, she read about the plight of homeless families and how often you can lose your job and lose your house than you live in a hotel than a car then you make a difficult decision to go to a shelter. at that time and it is still true in many places. the father and the older boys go to the men's shelter and the mother and younger children to the women's shelter when all they have left is each other, and system pulled them apart. my wife decided we are going to build a shelter for homeless families to make sure that
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doesn't happen in our community and we did. ever since then we have been active in addressing homelessness. host: what impact has that had? rep. rouda: pretty meaningful, to a compass that in our 20's show that you can be the change you want to see -- to accomplish that in our 20's showed that you can be the change you want to see. host: what do you plan to do when you are here starting in january? what will be your priorities? rep. rouda: i am going to pick up where we left off on the campaign. the campaign promise has been common sense for common ground. i talk about how i believe most americans are between the 20 yard lines yet we tend to focus on what keeps us apart rather than what brings us together. workingking forward to with fellow democrats and republicans on the other side of the aisle who are prepared, ready and willing to put country and community first. host: what committees would you like to serve on? ideally energy and i
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am also interested in transportation and infrastructure. host: why is that? rep. rouda: i think that is where the common ground where you can find common ground with people across the island put country and community first. let's focus on those areas we have in common and i think those committees do a good job. host: where does your desire to reach common ground come from? rep. rouda: maybe it's the business world. in the business world i had the opportunity to manage companies up to 10,000 people. you don't get there without doing it in a team effort and understanding all the different machinations and political desires within the corporate world that still exists. you need to work through that to build a cohesive team to move forward. host: what else from your business experience to you think will be applicable to serving in the house of representatives? rep. rouda: one thing that comes to mind is that a lot of people who serve in congress have never run a business so they don't
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know what it is like to have to make payroll or sign personal guarantees. they don't know what it is like when hundreds of families depend on your decision and making the right decision in such an absolute way that they could lose their jobs if you make the wrong decision. my dad, when i first went into the business world said, remember there are hundreds of families who rely on every decision you make. that grew to 10,000 families. that is a burden that we should keep in mind as we work very host: what influence of your parents have on you? rep. rouda: i grew up in columbus, ohio. my dad was the quintessential entrepreneur. he started a real estate company based out of his first home. i am the youngest of four kids and we all worked in the business growing up. i was fortunate with his support to be able to go to law school and practiced law for quite some time before coming back to take over the family business and building into one of the country's largest.
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host: how would you balance work and family in california? >> my wife and i have been married 28 years and we have four kids in the 20's. we are always talking about there is no balance it is just a matter of which way the pendulum is swinging. we all manage it. because you have to manage it. the more you have on your plate the better you do with it. host: what about logistics? you go back to california quite a bit but you have to be in washington. have you figured out where you're going to live and how you are going to handle the back-and-forth? >> we have. we came in one day early riordan the last week of orientation and figured out then and there where we were going to live and rented the apartment. we anticipate 35 or 40 weeks a year commuting between d.c. or here. being here for the weekdays and being back in the district for the weekends to meet with constituents. host: is in a financial burden? rep. rouda: i am fortunate that
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it is not. i know for some it is but we have been fortunate in our businesses to create the opportunity to do this to serve the greater good. florida's 27th congressional district donna a served as the health and human services secretary during the clinton administration. a household name, longest-serving health and human services secretary for bill clinton is that going to help >> i think it will help because it is what the democrats are going to focus on whether it is health care or the orironment or gun control immigration reform. those are issues that are central to the democratic platform, what we ran on. frankly what the american people care about. >> what about your experience after serving in washington?
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and begino florida the university of florida president. what about that experience will help you out? president of the university of miami for 14 years and before that i was chancellor of the university of wisconsin chairman of hunter college. i have a lot of experience with young people and the issues they care about. in worldthe experience class medical care. both in wisconsin and the university of miami. concerned about pocketbook issues, the cost of prescription drugs, the out of pocket cost for insurance. that is my area of expertise, that is what i hope to focus on here. it will not only help the people of south florida. in my district there are 100,000 people registered for obamacare come the largest number in any congressional district in the country. they expect me to make certain that we do everything we can to
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make health care affordable but particularly the focused on prescription drug costs. your district and why did you choose the south for the district to run her congress from? rep. shalala: i have been living in that district for 20 years. my grandparents lived in the district and my answer and uncles and cousins, i have strong family ties. i have cuban cousins that came over from cuba. when the lebanese left lebanon they went all over the world. i have relatives all over latin america but particularly my cuban cousins are in miami. let me say this. the south florida district i beaches, involves the everybody knows south beach and ,iami beach, downtown miami coral gables, coconut grove. it is what people described in the described miami. it is all within miami-dade county.
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byhas been represented republican for almost 30 years. it has been a republican health held district. i decided i could flip it and focus on domestic issues and international issues. we consider ourselves the capital of latin america. domestic issues like health care, immigration, sea level rise our life or death for people in south florida. we have no climate deniers in south florida. host: 71% hispanic so what would be your priorities in washington? rep. shalala: that hispanic population cares about health care. that was the primary issue in the campaign. they also care about immigration reform. andany of their friends relatives as well as people that live in south florida are undocumented. we need to do something about that. they also care about
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environmental issues. when you talk to young people in my district, i have the university of miami in my district they are interested in two things, the environment and making sure we have a world that is left for them and they are interested in gun control, sensible gun-control policy. >> where did you grow up? rep. shalala: in cleveland ohio. host: how did the midwest shape you? >> i think it did. i came from a working-class district in cleveland. second generation immigrants from lebanon, hard-working people, blue that worked in factories in cleveland , particularly in steel factories and auto parts factories. lots of people in south florida are from the midwest. i feel those midwestern values and i care a lot. my relatives are still in cleveland.
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my sister and i have a place there that we go for christmas and other vacation times. those midwestern values, the things midwesterners are concerned about. you saw it reflected in the presidential campaign and the most recent campaign, it is jobs, the economy. the economy does not work for everybody. it may be booming but it is not working for everyone. the decline of the role of unions because of the decline in exporting of certain industries, certainly the steel industry in particular has hard hit the midwest. when i was growing up my relatives and friends parents had very good jobs. they were union jobs and they were in the steel mills or other industries that were in cleveland that don't exist anymore. we have more of a gig economy. that means the government has to play a different role. i believe the government should only get in when the private sector can't. we have a lot of work to do.
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gm to eliminate iss all over the midwest both disappointing -- i am not sure what we can do about it but it is a reflection in the trade policies of this administration. the in the fact that economy does not work for everyone and that is what we have to work on. host: have you heard from bill clinton since your victory? rep. shalala: he called and said he was very proud. i was not a politician when i first became secretary of health and human services. i am a political scientist so i studied politics and i teach about politics. i have actually talk about congressional politics and i'm excited to practice it. host: what from your teaching what you bring here and what advice did the former president give you about serving in the house? rep. shalala: he says the same thing to everybody, you have to learn how to listen and learn the rules so you can get
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legislation passed. i am a freshman but not a rookie. not beantive areas will as much a challenge to me as learning how to work on legislation. people when itaff was in government that did that and now i have to do it myself. i think it will be a lot of fun. and southmpaigning florida is a special place with special people. i like the whole thing. i respect politics and people who put themselves out and run for office. i have already made some friends on the other side of the aisle. i know the leadership of congress both republicans and democrats have known me for a long time. a have been very welcoming. even the staff people on the hill have said welcome back. >> c-span also poke with respect but can -- with republican jim hagedorn.
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his father is a former u.s. representative from minnesota. host: you ran for this seat before. to serveyou motivated in the house of representatives? rep. hagedorn: iran for office because i thought our country path future was on the line. things are going with obama i thought the policies had to be corrected. we ran three straight times. there are many members of congress who had to do that including newt gingrich. here we are, we are excited for the opportunities. host: how are you able to pull it off? rep. hagedorn: we worked the district. campaigning is not a lost art. -- and wes in which shook every hand and walked every parade. i let people know what i wanted to do with the job, i want to protect the country and reform we government and make sure
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protect the god-given rights and sustain our culture -- agriculture and our way of life. host: you come from a family of politicians. rep. hagedorn: my father served from 1974 to 1982. it is quite an honor that the voters have given me to be able to share that with my father. hagedorn was your father, what advice did he give you? rep. hagedorn: he said commander for orientation and keep your head down and meet some new friends and put a good staff together. seek out the right committee assignments that will benefit the district and make sure everything you do is to serve the people of southern minnesota. host: what influence did your mom have? rep. hagedorn: she is the nicest person on earth. she kept pushing me to do the right thing and seek the dream and do what i could to serve the people. always being upfront and honest with the folks. host: what about your family
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life? what is your father to you about balancing washington minnesota. >> i am getting married in a few weeks so it is a good thing. you have to go back home and serve the people and keep meeting them and shaking the country is at a crossroads. we have the presidency with donald trump, republicans. it will be negotiations back and forth. we have to work to get things done. host: you are not new to washington dc, what is your background here? rep. hagedorn: i worked for a congressman from minnesota to 1984 to 1981 during the reagan revolution. that onearned is nondescript member of congress
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working as part of a coalition can achieve great things when there is an opportunity. he was helping president reagan pass votes that rearm the american military and cut taxes and got the economy rolling. we went after communists around the world with freedom fighters trained by the united states to help defeat the soviet union and protect our god-given rights. to make sure we didn't have federal funds for abortion. one congressman will the coalition can get a lot done. host: what are your priorities for this next congress? >> our district is primarily agriculture. and then small business and manufacturing. with the mayo clinic medical care. making sure we take care of business in those areas. the farm economy has been in recession for five years, low commodity prices and high input cost. i want to do everything possible to keep the price of agriculture and farming down and make sure
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we expand our markets and have good local trade. and have programs to sustain farmers when times are tough. that helps our rural communities. that is a development that is important our district. tom malinowski defeated the incumbent in new jersey's seventh district. he was born in poland and previously served as the assistant secretary of state for democracy human rights and labor during the own obama administration -- during the obama administration. rep. malinowski: i was born in a town on the baltic seacoast called slupsk. we lived in a small town outside of warsaw and i was there until i was six or you host: where did you go from there? rep. malinowski: i came to america with my mom. first grade was in new york city and from that point on in new jersey. host: do you think that experience impacted who you are today? rep. malinowski: in so many
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ways. the experience of being an immigrant, understanding what america -- how different the united states of america is from the rest of the world. i grew up in a communist country under a dictatorship. even though i was a small child i have memories of what it was like to feel powerless. witnessing my parents feeling powerless in front of the police and authorities. america. the government works for us and not the other way around, that made a good impact. what steering memories you have as a child? rep. malinowski: a distinct memory of watching my mother push a lot of cash across the what i now understand to be a corrupt local official. she was trying to get a passport so we could get out of there.
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carrying bribery -- host: when did you know you wanted to the involved in foreign policy? rep. malinowski: it began with a desire to be involved in public service. even as a child growing up i knew that in some way i wanted to give back to the country that gave me freedom and gave me this opportunity. wasfirst opportunity i had in the state department to the secretary of state. i live, that was not the first opportunity. i was a congressional staffer. right out of college working for senator daniel patrick moynihan out of new york. that was between college and grad school. host: you went on to do what?
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rep. malinowski: i went to oxford as a rhodes scholar, that was my graduate school. i came back and worked on president clinton's first presidential campaign. then i became a speechwriter at the state department. host: for whom? rep. malinowski: then secretary of state warren christopher and then i stayed on to work for madeleine albright. i went over to the white house to become president clinton's chief foreign-policy speech writer. host: have you heard from him since he won the seed? -- won the seat? rep. malinowski: i heard from hillary. host: what was that conversation like? rep. malinowski: we both felt a sense of relief that not just i had one but the democrats had one this very fragile inthold in the cells of --
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the house of representatives to exercise checks and balance in a delicate moment in our history of the country. republican,feated a when is the moment you decided to run and why did you think you could win? rep. malinowski: it was a gradual process. after i left the obama administration where i was an assistant secretary of state i was concerned about the direction the country had taken after the 2016 election. everything from the changes in foreign policy to attacks on rights,are, basic human the muslim man, the -- muslim the asylum ban, the coarseness of the rhetoric from the white house. i wanted to do something practical about it. change in control of the house of representatives would be the most practical thing i could contribute to. i asked, could i contribute to it as a potential future congressman?
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i went home to new jersey where i grew up and was encouraged to run. finally i ran out of excuses. host: who encourage you to run? rep. malinowski: friends, local activist groups, people i had never met before who were involved in the political life of the district. i kind of expected them to say, this is not going to work, you should support somebody else. told me more people they thought i could do it. over my initial hesitation. host: what are your priorities for next year? beginning with: my home state of new jersey and what they need. they need investment in infrastructure and transportation. we need to build the gateway, between new jersey and new york, the whole economy of the eastern on that kind of infrastructure investment. i want to try to redo the tax
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bill that passed last year. it hurts states like new jersey a great deal. state and local income tax deductions, in particular. i want to take part in efforts to stabilize health care and make it more affordable. i do think that we have to exercise checks and balances when the trump administration goes too far. whether it is attacking the justice department and the fbi or attacks on the rights to asylum, to refugees coming to our country as i did when i was a six-year-old boy. new congress, new leaders, watch it all on c-span. c-span's washington journal, live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up wednesday morning, a look of the government shutdown in the 160th congress with bloomberg signal kapoor and roll calls mcmanus. we will talk about the 2020 presidential field with kyle
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condit of the university of virginia center for politics. we discuss wednesday's premiere of c-span's original program, senate conflict and compromise with mark farkas. be sure to watch c-span's washington journal. live at 7:00 eastern wednesday morning. --n the discussion thread discussion. announcer: the united states senate. a uniquely american institution. legislating and carrying out constitutional duties since 1789. wednesday, c-span takes you inside the senate. learning about the legislative body and it's in formal workings. >> arguing about things and
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kicking them around and having great debates is thoroughly american. >> it is a -- the longer you are in the senate the more you appreciate the cooling nature. announcer: a look at the history of conflict and compromise with original interviews. key moments in history. unprecedented access. allowing us to bring cameras into the senate chamber during a session. follow the evolution of the senate into the modern era from advice and consent to the role in impeachment proceedings and investigation. the senate, conflict and compromise. a c-span original production. explain the history, traditions, and role of the uniquely american institution. premieres wednesday at 8:00 eastern and pacific on c-span. be sure to go online at to learn more about the program.
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watch original, full-length interviews with senators. view farewell speeches from long serving members. take a tour inside the senate chamber. the old senate chamber, and other exclusive locations. now, a discussion on the role of special councils and the ongoing investigations into russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. among the speakers, can star, independent counsel investigative the clinton administration, it is hosted by the freedom forum institute in washington dc. lasts about 1.5 hours.


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