Skip to main content

tv   U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives  CSPAN  January 22, 2019 4:00pm-5:35pm EST

4:00 pm
done. we want to make sure we have a seamless transition. and that won't end with just one meeting. i look forward to a good relationship. while we differed on political issues, we both agree the institution of the house is incredibly important. the residents of the 49th district of california deserve a seamless transition. >> what advice, professional or personal or both, did he give you? mr. levin: well, he pointed me to his beautiful view of the capitol and said here's a view you are not going to have just yet. ut, you know, he offered the important work of the casework, making sure that we're always being mindful of the casework and constituent services. he also recommended for me to go and look for bills that have been abandoned by retiring members. that are nonetheless good ideas where we wouldn't have to reinvent the wheel but maybe pick up ideas or concepts and try to bring them to fruition in the 116th congress.
4:01 pm
beyond that it was an opportunity for us to get better acquainted after the tumultuous campaign. >> you can find this online at c-span.org. taking live to the u.s. house on this 32nd day of the government shutdown. madam. pursuant to the permission granted in the rules of the u.s. house of representatives, the clerk received the following message from the secretary of the senate on january 22, 2019, at 2:23 p.m. that the senate passed, without amendment, h.r. 430. with best wished, i am, signed, sincerely, karen l. haas. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the chair will postpone further proceedings today on motions to suspend the rules on which a recorded vote or the yeas and nays are ordered, or votes are objected to under clause 6 of rule 20. the house will resume proceedings on the postponed questions at a later time.
4:02 pm
for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? mr. johnson: mr. speaker, i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 439. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. clinton: h.r. 439. a bill to amend the charter of the future farmers of america nd for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, and the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from georgia. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. i ask unanimous consent that all members have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. johnson: i yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you. mr. speaker, i rise today in support of h.r. 439, a bipartisan bill to update and
4:03 pm
modernize the federal charter for national f.f.a. organization. the f.f.a., formerly known as the future farmers of america, is a dynamic youth organization that uses agricultural education and leadership training to promote the personal growth and career successes of its members. with chapters in every state of the union, its members are the country's future chemists, veterinarians, government officials, entrepreneurs, bankers, international business leaders, teachers and other professionals across a wide array of career fields. the bill simply updates the f.f.a.'s charter to make it more consistent with the modern organization and to provide additional flexibility as it looks towards the future. among other things, the bill recognizes changes to the organization's name, it modifies the organization's purpose, to
4:04 pm
better reflect trends in education and leadership training. it allows the f.f.a. to publish materials in electric form -- electronic form, rather than in printed form, and provides flexibility as to the location of the f.f.a.'s headquarters. these are important changes to the existing charter that will help the f.f.a. better carry out its mission for years to come. i urge my colleagues to join me in voting for h.r. 439 and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins, is recognized. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today in support of h.r. 439, the national f.f.a. organization federal charter amendments act. the future farmers of america was founded in 1928 to advance agricultural education and improve the quality of farming families across the country. at the first national f.f.a. convention in kansas city, there were 33 delegates from 18
4:05 pm
states. at the convention in 1929, 33 states were represented and f.f.a. had swelled to over 30,000 members nationwide. by 1939 f.f.a. had become so large it required a national headquarters and so it purchased part of george washington state and alexandria, virginia, and began construction. during world war ii, more than 138,000 f.f.a. members were serving in the armed services, and in 1949 the f.f.a. introduced its first international exchange program with young farmers club of great britain. in 1950 harry truman signed a bill to grant the f.f.a. a federal charter, directing that the department of education staff member be the national f.f.a. advisor. in 1959 president truman became the first of a long line of presidents to speak at the f.f.a. national convention. in 1969, f.f.a. created the washington leader -- leadership conference to help students become more engaged students and make more of a different in their communities. following hurricane katrina in 2005, the f.f.a. launched seeds
4:06 pm
of hope. this effort, combined with the national f.f.a. foundation, raised over $10 million for f.f.a. programs and services. since its creation, f.f.a. has grown to include more than 600,000 members across the country. it has built relationships with agricultural organizations around the world. under f.f.a., students between the ages of 12 and 21 can be enrolled in a systemic course of instructions in agricultural education. but beyond f.h.a. f.f.a. -- but beyond f.f.a.'s rich history, it has held a special place in georgia. georgia has the third largest state association with more than 42,000 members, and there are more than 342 chapters and more than 475 agricultural education teachers in the state. georgia's f.f.a. has also expanded its scholarship awards to help students access these agricultural education programs and reward the hard work of students. the georgia f.f.a. association has worked to improve career opportunities of its members through partnership, programs with businesses, educators and
4:07 pm
legislators. today the -- today's legislation makes the necessary amendments to the national f.f.a. organization charter, to allow for students, officers, vice presidents to reflect the regional diversity of the united states. it also provides flexibility for national officers to reduce delays caused by vacancies in the national board. these amendments will ensure the f.f.a.'s purpose matches the innovative and hand-on approach that many agricultural educations -- many agricultural education implement -- implementing across the country. i'd like to thank representatives langevin and thompson for their work on this legislation and for their importance and the support of f.f.a. and agricultural learning. mr. speaker, i'd also be remiss if i did not say that f.f.a. is an organization when you see the blue jackets on, especially from my part of the world, it is also something that teaches young people leadership skills, also vocal skills, but it also is very special to my heamplet mr. sutton was the agricultural and f.f.a. advisor in the high
4:08 pm
school when my daughter, my daughter has spina bifida and many of her reck agenciesal activities were limit -- recreational activities were limited she got into agriculture and joined the f.f.a. she got into their speaker's program and would participate in going and doing the speaker program. i watched this young lady take an f.f.a. experience, i watched mr. sutton, a man of integrity and character, who led the blue jackets at the high school, when she would go, when they couldn't get access to a handicap bus, he would physically pick her wheelchair up and take her onto the bus himself. as a dad and as a congressman, the blue jackets mean a lot. and when you see them coming, you know that there's good work being done. i couldn't be more proud to tand here today to stand for support for this legislation. when we see agriculture in our economy, which is the most dominant industry we have, we know f.f.a. stands behind it. with that, mr. speaker, i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time.
4:09 pm
the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, is recognized. mr. johnson: mr. speaker, i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, reserves. -- reserves the balance of his time. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. at this time i yield as much time as he may consume to the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. thompson. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from pennsylvania is recognized. mr. thompson: thank you, mr. speaker. i thank the chairman for yielding. i share the chairman's passion for f.f.a. and the leadership that emerges from that experience for our youth. and i know that f.f.a., being someone who represents a very rural district, we think of the f.f.a. as a rural enterprise. but, mr. speaker, the largest f.f.a. chapter we have in pennsylvania, we have a lot and it's a robust program, in the city of philadelphia. this is a program that has tremendous impact in rural america, and has tremendous ability to impact in urban america today. i rise in support of h.r. 439,
4:10 pm
the national f.f.a. organization's federal charter amendment act. honored to work with my good friend, mr. langevin, on this piece of legislation. this bipartisan bill makes updates to allow the national f.f.a. to be a self-governing organization, while maintaining its long-held relationship with the u.s. department of education. f.f.a., formally called the future farms of america, was organized in 1928. congress recognized the importance of f.f.a. as an integral part of vocational agriculture and in 1950 granted it a federal charter. this charter provides federal authority to create an interagency working agreement that's focused on strengthening f.f.a. and school-based agriculture education. however, the role of education in securing a skill-sustainable work force in agriculture is underscored through the required involvement of the u.s. department of education on the national f.f.a. board of directors. it's important to note that only about 100 organizations have
4:11 pm
charters with federal agencies. only six organizations require the respect of government agencies to select one member for their board of directors. f.f.a. is the only organization that requires a majority of its board of directors be chosen by its partner government agency. mr. speaker, while we can all appreciate the integrated relationship with -- between the department of education and the f.f.a., it must be our prerogative to determine the best path forward for both this federal charter and the students it serves. f.f.a. functions through a network of local chapters that may be chartered in any public school with an agricultural education program. local chapters are run with student leadership. students are elected each year by the chapter's members with their agriculture teacher serving as an advisor for the chapter. local chapters then make up state f.f.a. associations which operate within the bounds of the national f.f.a. organization, but have the ability to create
4:12 pm
other individual leadership arrangements, competitions, awards and programs. in pennsylvania alone, our state f.f.a. association includes over 12,900 members. 210 agriculture science teachers, and they've raised 179,000 to support the future of agricultural education and student leader growth. it's important to understand this bill will allow the secretary of education to continue to serve on the national f.f.a. board of directors. but would no longer have the department of education's employees constituting the majority of the board. additionally, this bill will also shift the organization's purpose towards providing comprehensive, career and technical education, to strengthen the nation's agriculture work force. mr. speaker, this legislation brings f.f.a. a great cornerstone of rural america, and quite frankly having a tremendous impact today in urban america, into the 21st century. and i encourage my colleagues to support this legislation.
4:13 pm
thank you, mr. speaker. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from pennsylvania yields the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. may i inquire of the gentleman whether there are any speakers left on his side? mr. collins: i have no other speakers and am prepared to close. mr. johnson: with, that mr. speaker, i'm prepared to close -- with that, mr. speaker, i'm prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins, is recognized. mr. collins: i appreciate my fellow georgian for finishing up here and yielding. i do just rise to say i support h.r. 439 and would ask a favorable consideration. and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins, yields back the balance of his time. mr. johnson from georgia is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. in closing, i want to acknowledge the leadership and commitment of my colleagues, jim langevin of roiled, and glenn thompson of pennsylvania -- rhode island, and glenn thompson of pennsylvania, for working together on a bipartisan bill to
4:14 pm
fashion this bill. and support h.r. 439, even more after listening to the comments of my fellow georgian, his daughter and the assistance and care that this organization has rendered to her. .nd probably countless others even in more of a need for their support. so i support organization such as f.f.a., i support this legislation, and i ask my colleagues to support it too. and with that, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia yields the balance of his time. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill, h.r. 439. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 of those voting having responded in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is
4:15 pm
passed and, without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on table. -- on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? mr. johnson: mr. speaker, i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 498, the clean up the code act. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 498. a bill to eliminate unused sections of the united states code and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, and the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson. mr. johnson: i ask unanimous consent that all members have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. johnson: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized.
4:16 pm
mr. johnson: i rise in support of h.r. 498, the clean up the code act. i support this measure, excuse me, because it represents a small, yet meaningful step toward addressing the problem of ver-criminalation. -- criminalization. it repeals several criminal penalties for violations that don't involve serious wrongdoing, at least not serious enough to warrant the response of a criminal record. ecifically it decriminalizes the transport of water hyacinth, placement of anti-theft stickers, and decriminalizes the use of the
4:17 pm
swiss symbol, the others.sy owl and this violation does not merit criminal sanctions. this bill removes some of these obscure criminal penalties. criminal penalties should be for arkses that jeopardize public safety or for serious moral transgressions. punish d not be used to minor transgressions or to discourage behavior that's unwarranted but not a problem for the greater good. i support the bill's adoption by the house today. i would like to recognize the efforts of my colleague, representative steve chabot, who
4:18 pm
is the author of this measure and who shepherded it through the -- through the house passage, he shepherded it to house passage last year with 385 votes in favor. i was the lead co-sponsor of the bill last congress and i'm pleased again to serve in that role for this bipartisan legislation. i urge my colleagues to join me in voting for it today and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins is recognized. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. i also rise in support of h.r. 498. the bill continues the house judiciary committee's addressing of over-criminalization in the federal code. i was proud of the work my friend from new york did to develop the first step act, the most significant piece of criminal reform in decades. in today's bill, championed by
4:19 pm
mr. chabot of ohio, builds off that great victory. part of the reasoning behind the first step act is because congress can and should make reasonable provisions to federal law to make sure our law works efficiently and fairly. today our criminal code is bloated. this bill eliminates nine sections of the code. it decriminalizes that should have never been a crime, or has ever been prosecuted, or both. for example, the use of the woodsy emblem should not land someone in federal prison for six months. this continues the proven approach to criminal justice reform legislation, namely to take a scalpel, not a sledgehammer to the criminal code. i'd like to again thank my colleagues, mr. johnson of georgia and my colleague on the republican side, mr. chabot, for their work on this and i urge my
4:20 pm
colleagues to support this legislation and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr.ical lins, reserves. the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker, i yield to the gentlelady from houston, texas, representative sheila jackson lee as much time as she may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from texas is recognized. ms. jackson lee: i thank the gentleman from georgia and condition fwradge late him and mr. chabot nor legislation. i'm glad this is one of the other i -- one of the early bills that we are moving forward, it sets the tone for this congress and it sets the tone for bipartisanship and also sets the tone for the democratic-led congress on the continuation of working on the idea of ensuring that justice is truly rendered. this bill, h.r. 49 this eclean up the code act of 2017, essentially repeal miss unused statutes currently in the criminal code. you have to pay a fine, some of
4:21 pm
them even have jail time. it is right in line with the concept of ending mass incarceration just to incarcerate. it is well known that this nation that is the largest number of people incarcerated in western civilization, system two million plus, added to of course by number of individuals who are being held in detention centers across the nation. it is emblem mat exof what is wrong with our criminal justice system and sheds light on why it's imperative to have an overhaul of our federal criminal code which while addressing the ripple effects it creates within the criminal justice system. we have a committee entitled the overcriminalization committee in judiciary which made an effective start on rooking at -- looking at laws across the nation, federal law, find out how we can best secure and safeguard the american people, bring justice to those who have done wrong, but also provide, you will, a pathway of
4:22 pm
reasonableness as it relates to nonviolent crimes, crimes that don't have major impact, such as the concept of utilizing the smoky the bear theme if you will. we begin our journey several congresses ago to work in a bipartisan way to address the ills of our criminal justice system as i have indicated and i look forward to having the overcriminalization task force re-established. that is bill seeks to promote, we must take initiatives to clean up our federal criminal code which in large part criminalizes many acts that can easily be addressed in other forms. such as small fines. when we are overcriminalized, we place an undue burden on the taxpayers and place long-term cost on families and other communities and that's what we do, we create a criminal offense and a criminal record. we should penalize where necessary to ensure public safety and security, and hold
4:23 pm
accountable those criminals who have done major damage and who would tend to offend. where appropriate. we should also look for ways in which we would enhance and could enhance our communities' human relations with civilians and law enforcement and promote an entirely new air proach to our criminal justice system. all the foregoing reasons and as well to suggest that smoky the bear and woodsy owl would prefer being left alone as opposed to being held up in a criminal court as a reason for that particular offender being held to a fine of large amount or jail time. i think this is an important bill, an important step, i congratulate the authors, both the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, the gentleman from ohio, mr. chabot, and i look forward to supporting this legislation, i ask my colleagues to support the legislation, with that, i yield back, thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from texas yields back the lanceness of her time. the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins is recognized.
4:24 pm
mr. collins: at this point i yield to my good friend from ohio, as much time as he macon to spook about this bill, mr. chabot. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. chabot: thank you, i thank the gentleman for yielding. i rise in support of my bill h.r. 498 this eclean up the code act of 2019. i want to thank the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, for his support and leadership in making this possible. for this legislation. back in 2008 the heritage foundation published a report estimating that there were nearly 4,500, 4,500 different federal crimes in the u.s. code. five years later, the judiciary committee asked the congressional research service to review the foundations -- foundation's findings only to be told it did not have the resources to fulfill our request. this is a clear indication that there are too many criminal laws on the books. and the code needs to be cleaned up. h.r. 498, this bill, eliminates
4:25 pm
nine provisions in title 18 a good start that in some instances have never been prosecuted since their enax kt. for example, as has been mention, the unauthorized use of the smoky wear or woodsy owl will no longer be subject to criminal penalty if this bill is enacted. this bipartisan legislation is aimed at doing exactly what the bill title says, clean up the code. if there were too many criminal laws for the c.r.s. account back in 2013, let's help them get rid of the easy ones by enacting this legislation. as i say, it's a good start. it isn't going to solve the whole problem but it's a good start. with that, i urge my colleagues to support this legislation and yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the credit from ohio yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson is recognized. mr. johnson: may i inquire as to how many adegreesal speakers my
4:26 pm
friend from georgia foresees? mr. collins: it appears we have exhausted the supply. we are ready to close. mr. johnson: all right. with that in mind i see that my colleague, my dear colleague jim langevin has arrived, he is the sponsor of h.r. 439 which is the future farmers of america charter revision bill, he's the sponsor of that bill, he was on his way from the airport and his arrival was delayed but he is here now so i would yield to the five man mr. langevin minutes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from rhode island is recognized. mr. langevin: i thank the gentleman from georgia for yielding me time. i hope i won't use all five minutes. i want to say i support the bill under debate right now and
4:27 pm
surely support criminal justice reform. and one of the best ways to prevent people from going down the path of crime is to make sure they have a good education. so hence i'm here to speak on h.r. 439. mr. speaker as co-chir of the bipartisan career and technical education caucus i'm pleased to rise with my good friend and fellow co-chair, representative thompson, in support of h.r. 439, the national f.f.a. organization federal charter amendments act. i'd like to thank my friend from pennsylvania for his partnership on this bill which modernizes the f.a.a. congressional charter to better serve the organization's 669,000 student members across the country. since 1928, the f.f.a. formally known -- formerly known as future farmers of america, has been an integral part of our nation's agricultural education system. its mission is to prepare the
4:28 pm
next generation of farmers who form the back bone of our nation's food supply system. congress recognized the f.f.a.'s importance in 1950 when it granted the organization a federal charter but today nearly 70 years later that charter is overdue for an update. of the 100 nonprofit organizations that have charters with the federal government, from the girl scouts of america to the national academy of sciences, only six require government agencies to appoint members to the n.g.o.'s board of directors. of those six, the f.a.a. is the only federally chartered organization that requires a majority of its board members to be chosen by its partner agency, the department of education. the bill we're considering this afternoon, that has been considered this afternoon and passed, brings the role of the department of education in line with other congressionally chartereding orny -- organization while maintaining the long relationship between the department and the f.f.a. it gives the f.f.a. more
4:29 pm
authority and autonomy to deliver its integrated system of agriculture to the ,000 chapters locate aid cross all 50 states, puerto rico and the virgin islands. h.r. 439 allows the f.f.a. to be more independent but it retains its ability to collaborate with the department of education and agriculture. it also allows the f.f.a. to move its headquarters from washington, d.c. and provide online publications for its chapters around the country. the f.f.a. needs to adapt to the 21st century economy and modernizing its charter is a necessary step in that process. today the f.f.a. helps train more than future farmers. it prepares the next generation of scientists, veterinarians, and business owners through classroom and work-based learning. i'm thrilled to support the skills-based education model on behalf of the f.f.a. and its many teachers and students. our bill aligns the f.f.a. charter with the focus on
4:30 pm
c.t.e., specifically the agriculture, food and natural resources cluster which gives students the opportunity to explore exciting careers and be prepared for future challenges. our country faces daunting tasks in agricultural policy from addressing food shortages to containing animal-borne diseases an stopping the pollution of our waterways. we can opportunity count on our nation's f.f.a. state of the unions to not only grow the economy but become the next community of world leaders, ready to tackle the these 21st century challenges. in my home state of rhode island i'm continually impressed by the hardworking, motivated, bright f.f.a. students the dedicated teachers who instruct them. these students are developing the academic and technical ask ills to succeed in agricultural fields and the leadership skills to make a real difference. this bill, the national f.f.a. organization's federal charter amendments act will allow the f.f.a. to continue its mission with more autonomy. so with that, mr. speaker, i
4:31 pm
want to thank, again, my colleague, g.t. thompson if the great state of pennsylvania, along with chairman nadler an ranking member collins for their support as well as my esteem colleague senator young of indiana leading this burn effort in the senate. i think -- i thank you for supporting this bill and i yield back the balance of my time and thank the gentleman from georgia for yielding. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from rhode island yields. the gentleman from georgia, mr. collins is recognized. mr. collins: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise on h.r. 498 and again this is a good act, the clean up the code act is one i ask everyone to support and vote yes on that, and with that i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. while i do not believe federal prosecutors are neglecting the pursuit of serious criminals by bringing charges under criminal code provisions that h.r. 498 would repeal, this bill serbs as
4:32 pm
an important reminder that congress should be careful not to enact new criminal penalties when they are not warranted. we must resist over criminalization which fosters disrespect for the seriousness of the law and leads to collateral consequences for offenders that are often catastrophic to them and their ability to function in and contribute to their communities. it's my hope that in this new congress we will be able to work on a bipartisan basis to expand our efforts to make our criminal justice system fairer and thereby also more effective and with that, mr. speaker, i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, yields back the balance of his time. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill h.r. 498. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 of those voting having responded in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and, without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid
4:33 pm
n the table.
4:34 pm
for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. engel: mr. speaker, i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 31, as amended. the caesar syria civilian protection act. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 31. a bill to require certain additional actions in connection with the national emergency with respect to syria and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the
4:35 pm
gentleman from new york, mr. engel, and the gentleman from texas, mr. mccaul, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from new york. mr. engel: i ask unanimous consent that all members have five legislative days in which to revise and extend their remarks and include ex trainious material on -- extraneous material on h.r. 31, the caesar syria civilian protection act, as amended, under, can of the -- under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. engel: i also ask unanimous consent that three exchanges of letters, between the committee on foreign affairs and respectively the committees on financial services, judiciary and ways and means, be entered into the record at this time. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, this is the third time i've stood on the house floor to argue in favor of passing this bill. to argue that we need to dial up
4:36 pm
the pressure on the assad regime, and that we need to crack down on his enablers, namely iran and russia. we need to push for a political solution that lend the years of horrific bloodshed. i made that case in november, 2016, when the house unanimously passed a version of this bill. i did it again in may of 2017, and again it passed unanimously, only to languish in the other body for the rest of the congress, stopped by one single senator. and in syria in the last 26 months that have come since the house first passed this bill, the suffering has continued. over the last few weeks, the refugee camp, 13 babies froze to death. 50,000 more displaced people in this camp are at grave risk. they have nowhere else to go. unchecked, the assad regime will likely move in and massacre these innocence pem -- these
4:37 pm
innocent people. i could go on and on detailing the horrors of the syrian -- the syrian people have endured at the hands of the butcher assad. i could describe the atrocities we've seen in photographs smuggled out of syria by caesar, the government photographer who defected and after whom this bill is named. but after years of unremitting bloodshed, it is long past time for more talk about syria. we need action. and my legislation would be an important step in the right direction. this bill would slap sanctions on anyone who does business with the assad regime. it would go after anyone who provides financing or parts for aircraft that are used to bomb civilians, or works with the energy or construction sectors controlled by the syrian government. we don't want to do accidental harm with this bill. so we've made sure that it would not effect n.g.o.'s providing
4:38 pm
assistance. and we want the administration to use this tool to create leverage so, sanctions could be waived or suspended if meaningful negotiations were moving forward. in this respect, this bill encourages diplomacy -- and a peaceful, sustainable solution to the conflict in syria. some people may be resigned to the idea that assad is simply going to take over the country. i disagree. the united states should not abandon our options for applying pressure to the regime. syria, with assad at the helm, is a recipe for sustained conflict, not sustainable peace. and for me, sustainable peace for the people of syria has always been the goal. let me be very clear. this bill would impose syria-related sanctions, it would not impose nuclear-related sanctions. i know many of my colleagues are concerned about our withdrawal from the jcpoa. this legislation is entirely
4:39 pm
consistent with what president obama promised us after entering into the iran nuclear deal. that we would continue to sanction iran for its destabilizing activities in the region, sanctions under this bill would not prevent a future president of the united states from returning to the iranian nuclear agreement. there's obviously no easy solution for the crisis in syria. it wouldn't have raged on for years and years if there were a simple path out of it. but this bill represents one tool the administration can use to try to move toward that solution. to break the status quo. i also want to mention the fact that so many wonderful syrian american groups have been fighting for this legislation, have been fighting against the and have really have really
4:40 pm
worked so hard over these past years. it's really been good working with them, although obviously very, very difficult. so i thank you, mr. speaker. and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i stand in strong support of the caesar syria civilian protection act. authored by my good friend, chairman engel. for nearly seven years we've watched the barbaric assad regime launch countless attacks on the people of syria. since the conflict began in 2011, more than 500,000 people have been killed and 14 million have been forced from their homes. the destabilizing exod us has imposed painful -- exodus has imposed painful burdens on neighboring countries. our committee has heard disturbing testimony directly from syrians caught up in this horrific nightmare. in fact, i recently met with the brave defector known to the world as caesar, for whom this bill is named.
4:41 pm
his story is gutwrenching. he told me about the shocking scale of torture and murder being carried out within the prisons of syria. the photographic evidence he smuggled out and showed to us proves beyond any doubt the brutality of bashar al-assad. and the images are shocking and indelible. the bill before us today will increase international pressure on assad, and its backers, by targeting their means of support. foreign companies and banks will have to choose between doing business with assad, or with the united states. the bill will also sanction anyone who files weapons -- who flies weapons or fighters into syria to support his murderous regime. this bill is about creating leverage to push the parties to negotiate. it's about finding a way forward , to be determined by the syrian people, that does not allow assad to continue to exterminate them or drive them from their homes. this bill passed, as the
4:42 pm
chairman said, has passed the house twice. and is long overdue. i am confident it will pass tonight. and i hope that the senate will take it up promptly in the new congress. i urge all members to join us as we seek to ease the immense suffering of the people of syria and give them a better hope for the future. with, that mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. -- with that, mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i thank the ranking member and i yield three minutes to the gentleman from michigan, mr. kildee. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from michigan is recognized. mr. kildee: thank you, mr. speaker. and i thank my friend interest -- for yielding. i rise today in support of this legislation, h.r. 31, the caesar syria civilian protection act of 2019. i'm a proud original co-sponsor of this legislation. over seven years, nearly half a million syrians killed, six million syrians driven from their country, over 10 million
4:43 pm
syrians displaced and forced from their homes. countless acts of atrocities from the assad regime. clearly it is time for this congress to act and this bill would do that. it would bring much-needed accountability to the assad regime, which is responsible for horrific crimes, crimes against its own people. it would do so by allowing sanctions to be imposed on people that contribute to these cold-hearted and merciless acts. it would require the treasury department to determine whether to target syria's central bank with money laundering countermeasures. quite simply, i agree with chairman engel. we need a political solution that ends assad's crimes, removes him from power, and allows the syrian people to develop their own future for their own country. assad must be held accountable for the massacre of his own people and this bill will begin
4:44 pm
to do just that. additionally, russia and assad must stop standing by and systemically allowing isis to attack minority populations in syria. including certain people. we cannot expect much from these actors, but it is incumbent upon them to protect minority populations in syria, in the territory that they control. further, it's also the responsibility of the president of the united states and his national security team to speak with one voice regarding our olicy in syria and the region. thank you. i thank the chairman. the president has time and time again illustrated that our allies and our adversaries simply cannot trust what the president says. the administration needs to articulate a cohesive strategy for the region, and for syria, particularly after the
4:45 pm
president, with no warning to our partners, announced the u.s. withdrawal. finally, mr. speaker, like chairman engel, i want to thank all of those who have advocated for this bill, for their tenacity, for their engagement. i urge my colleagues to join with them and stand up for them and immediately pass this critical legislation to hold assad accountable. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield three minutes to the gentleman from arkansas, mr. hill, an original co-sponsor of the bill. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from arkansas is recognized for three minutes. jarred hill i thank the speaker. i -- mr. hill: i thank the speaker. i thank the distinguished ranking member. i too want to add my thanks to mr. engel and mr. royce for their intense and passionate work on this subject. i was an original co-sponsor and i support the passage of h.r. 31, the caesar syria civilian protection act. this legislation imposes new sanctions on syrian human rights abusers and those who facilitate the regime's atrocities it. also authorizes the state
4:46 pm
department -- atrocities. it also authorizes the state department to protect entities who are preserving and collecting that chain of evidence for eventual prosecution of those who have committed war crimes if in syria since the war began in 2011. the world has witnessed many examples of butchry and genocide by people throughout history. hitler, stalin, mao. but they are joined in the last eight years by a new name. and that is assad and his russian and iranian collaborators. until mr. trump's strategic air strirkse the prior eight years, the world has blustered and twiddled by these modern menaces, murdered the innocent civilian population in syria. systemically they've savagely bombed, bludge beed -- bludgeoned, gassed, bombed and tortured their people. i've seen this on display in washington's holocaust museum and urge all member americans to look at that exhibit. i've heard eyewitness i've heard eyewitness testimonies from the syrian task
4:47 pm
force, listen to the horrors, mr. speaker. a survivor of gas attacks said, my eyes were burn , my head was therebying, my throat was blocked, i was suffocating. i tried to inhale but all i heard was a horrible rasping sound as my throat closed up. an unbearable pain drummed in hi head. the world began to blur. i pounded my chest but i couldn't breathe. i thought my heart was going to explode. does this congress need any more testimony, mr. speaker? i commend president trump for hearing these cries and carry out strikes to block assad's mass murder and call on him to strengthen his resolve against assad's barbarous acts and think of the innocent syrian people who face these atrocities nearly every day. finally, i urge my colleagues to support h.r. 31 and i call on the senate to not twiddle their
4:48 pm
thumbs any longer and act with expedition an pass this legislation. let's not waste any more time bringing assad and his co-conspirators to justice. i thank the ranking member and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from arkansas yields. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: i'm prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: in closing, i'd like to once again recognize the work of chairman engel, co-sponsors and former chairman royce, and those of us who have talked with eyewitnesses and seen videos and photos will never forget the atrocities perpetrated by bashar al-assad. the bombing of hospital the torture of prisoners, the gasing of the children who died agonizing deaths in their beds. and for seven years, international diplomats have debated ways to protect syrians
4:49 pm
in syria with no results. today we send a strong message that the united states will work to ensure that assad's war machine is halted. it is not too late to act, as mr. hill eloquently stated. people in syria cannot afford further delay. i urge all members to support it and i sure hope this time the senate will be able to pass it. with that, i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: in closing, let me thank ranking member mccall for his important words. the world has failed the syrian people. nothing can undo the horrors they have had and they've had to endure them nearly eight years. nothing can bring back those who have been lost. but the world owes it to the living and the dead to try to bring this crisis to an end.
4:50 pm
and the role america must play is to push for a political solution that allows the syrian people to choose their own future. that's what american leadership looks like. that's what sets us apart from other great powers on the world stage. we simply cannot look the other way. and allow assad, russia and iran to steamroll over syria. that would send a terrible message to our allies. it would undermine security across the entire region and it could cost so many more innocent lives. my bill would give the administration greater leverage to raise the cost for assad and crack down on his lifeline. so i ask that all members support this low pressure -- support this measure and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass the ill h.r. 31. as amended. those in favor say aye.
4:51 pm
those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and without objection the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. engel: i move that the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 353, a bill to regain observer status for taiwan in the world health organization. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 353, a bill to direct the second retear of state to develop a strategy to regain observer status for taiwan in the world health organization and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, and the gentleman from texas, mr. mccaul, each will control 20 minutes, the chair recognizes the gentleman from new york. mr. engel: thank you, mr. speaker. i ask unanimous consent that all
4:52 pm
members have five legislative days in which to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on h.r. 353, a bill to regain observer status for taiwan in the world health organization under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. engel: i also yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: thank you, mr. speaker. i want to start by thanking mr. yoho for his work on this bill. it passed -- it passed the house last congress with broad, bipartisan support and i look forward to seeing that happen again today. mr. speaker, we all know too well that disease knows no borders, so it's in the interest of the united states to address global health challenges. without the ability to consistently monitor threats and rapidly coordinate responses globally, health and lives will be at risk, including those of americans. a critical organization in this global public health effort is
4:53 pm
the world health organization's world health assembly. this is a summit meeting of countries coming together to address global health challenges. but china is actively lobbying against taiwan's inclusion in these summit meetings, part of its larger efforts to squeeze taiwan out of the international community. beijing may believe this serbs its own narrow interests in asserting control other taiwan but it's to the detriment of the effort to fight disease wherever it strikes. this bill before us today is a step to rectify this situation. h.r. 353 enhances reporting requirements which will provide congress better insight into our administration's efforts to obtain taiwan's observer status in the annual world health assembly meetings. we need to make every effort to ensure that china does not strongarm and ma nip lace late these international meetings which are important opportunities to make significant progress on health issues facing the global
4:54 pm
community. this progress should not be jeopardized by beijing's political agenda. so i support this measure, we should continue to stand with our partners in taiwan, and this resolution does just that. i urge my colleagues to do the same and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: i rise in support of this bill to help taiwan regain observer status in the world health organization. introduced by my good friend from florida, mr. yoho. the house passed this bill unanimously last congress and because taiwan has an especially distinguished record of international contributions to global health. taiwan's exclusion from the w.h.o. is not just unfair, it's also dangerous. the world is more and more interconnected and pandemics are constantly growing threat that
4:55 pm
can cross borders at the speed of a jetliner. unfortunately, president xi and the communist party of china continue to jeopardize global health in their campaign to marginalize taiwanful taiwan has been excluded from participating at the w.h.o.'s annual world health assembly for two years running. ultimately their ex-fullings the w.h.o. demonstrates a broader trend. taiwan is a model democracy that makes the world better while china is a revisionist, authoritarian power that places the world at risk. this year will be significant for u.s.-taiwan relations as we look forward to the 40th anniversary of the taiwan relations act. esident xi just issued a speech where he said he was willing to use force against taiwan. i urge my colleagues to start
4:56 pm
this year on the right foot by supporting taiwan's w.h.o. participation and telling president xi that taiwan will never disappear under our watch. with that, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves the balance of his time of the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield three minutes to the gentleman from ohio, mr. chabot a co-sponsor of this bill. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. chabot: i thank the gentleman from texas for yielding. i rise in support of h.r. 353 which would direct the secretary of state to develop a strategy to regain observer status for taiwan in the world health organization. i want to thank mr. yoho for his leadership on this important issue and i want to thank mr. engel as well as my colleague from texas for this as well. they've both been leaders on this for a long time, mr. mccaul
4:57 pm
has. as a longtime friend of taiwan and strong supporter of our bilateral relationship, i believe it's essential that they be allowed to participate in the world health organization. taiwan has been routinely marginalized and barred from participation in multilateral organizations, despite being a model participant in the global community and routinely contributing to global health advancement. between 2008 and 2015, taiwan was invited to participate as an observer at the annual meeting of the world health assembly, the governing body of w.h.o. unfortunately, if its efforts to solate them, china has blocked taipei from receiving an invitation for the past three years. by erroneously tying taiwan's participation to the so-called one china policy, beijing is playing politics. with not only the health of taiwan's people but with the health of the entire international community because
4:58 pm
as mr. mccaul mentioned, the health of the world is linked. and so the p.r.c. is essentially putting all our health at risk by being belligerent in this particular area. this is particularly ridiculous because being an observer at w.h.o. is not -- w.h.a. is not limited to countries. participation does not imply taiwan independence. furthermore, taiwan should be allowed to participate on its own merits. it's a de facto country and should be treated as such and would be if it weren't for china's bullying. the soon they are world stops participating in beijing's fiction that taiwan is part of china, the better. i urge my colleagues to support h.r. 353 and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: i'm prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the
4:59 pm
gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. diseases and pandemics know no borders. taiwan is a critical player in global health and internationally connected transportation hub. by excluding taiwan from participation in the w.h.o., the communist party of china is placing the world at risk because of their own insecurities. i want to again thank mr. yoho and chairman engel for this bill which deserve ours unanimous support and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, we've supported a strong u.s.-taiwan relationship since we passed the taiwan relations act back in 1979. it's critical that we continue to support our close friend and partner, taiwan, on the world stage and ensure they maintain a seat at the table when discussing global health challenges. but china sees it differently in pursuit of its own narrow political agenda beijing is jeopardizing international
5:00 pm
effort to improve global health and fight transnational disease outbreaks by redoubling efforts to prevent taiwan from participating in in organizations like the world health assembly. our response to global health challenges and crises is stronger when more countries are involved in the discussion and prevention. after all, diseases go from boarder to border and across borders. it's ridiculous and it's ridiculous to keep -- to try to keep taiwan out. our response to global health challenges is stronger again when more countries are involved in prenks. there's no reason the international community should accept a scenario where we allow beijing to compromise tpwhrobal health as they play the bully with respect to their neighbor. that's another reason why kosovo should be admitted as well. i urge my colleagues to join me in supporting this somebody and yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass the
5:01 pm
bill h.r. 353. those in favor say aye. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. engel: mr. speaker, i move that the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 676 the nato support act. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 676 a bill to reiterate the support of the congress of the united states for the national atlantic treaty organization and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from new york, mr. engel and scrasm texas, mr. mccaul, each will control 20 minutes. mr. engel: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks
5:02 pm
and include extraneous material on h.r. 676 reiterating the support of the united states for nato under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. engel: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: let me start by thanking the author of this bill, the gentleman from california, mr. panetta. i was glad to join him as an orange co-sponsor and mr. mccaul for his strong support of this legislation. mr. speaker, for nearly 70 years, the nato alliance has been the bedrock of transatlantic peace and security. nato has been synonomous with western democracy. the organization's architects had a tremendous vision and that vision translated into the most successful military alliance in history, an alliance that won
5:03 pm
the cold war and brought peace to the balkans and fought terrorism in afghanistan and is guardian against russian aggression in europe and elsewhere. we have heard most notelybly from the president that it is obsolete and ill-suited. that is just plain wrong. would we be safer without article 5, the principle that ays an attack on one is an attack on all nato members? the commitment that brought our nato allies to fight on our side after september 11, would we be better off without 28 countries and know how to fight together effectively? of course not. it is a bulwark against aggressive forces that seeks to undermine the rule of law and
5:04 pm
act as that might makes right. nato is our greatest strategic advantage, one built over time and a great sacrifice. e cannot see an advantage. generations would forgive the squandering of something so precious. cannot betray our troops by sending them into battle alone without capable allies. this bill reit rates congress' commitment to nato and would present -- prohibit withdrawal from nato. it sends a clear message to the administration that this branch of government supports the alliance, the defense of our allies and peace across the north atlantic region. i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the
5:05 pm
gentleman from new york reserves. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: i yield myself such time as i may consume. i rise today to endorse the nato support act. we are approaching the 0th affers of nato, a fitting time for the house to reaffirm the alliance. nato was borne out of the chaos of world war ii and to fortify democracies. time and again, the alliance has proven that the free people of the woled are sfrongest when they stand together, from the confrontation with communism to the defeat in kosovo, to the battlefields of afghanistan, american soldiers and allies have protected our country and to make others free. this alliance has enhanced our military capability and created
5:06 pm
a bulwark against international terror. nato is critical to our national security and to the preservation of our military prowess around the world. it solid files our friendship with the countries in the alliance. friends must be honest with each other. that is why i'm glad that this bill strongly supports the decision of the wales summit in 2014 that each member country should ramp up defense spending to 2% of their g.d.p. an alliance is only as strong as its spending commitments. others are lagging behind. sfamentse of support like this bill are important in affirming our relationships around the world. but actions speaking louder than words. no statement about the importance of nato speaks as loudly as the tangible
5:07 pm
commitment each country makes to ensure the strength of the alliance. i'm glad to reaffirm the continuing importance of nato which deserves our full support. with that, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i now yield five minutes to the author of this legislation who are worked very hard on this legislation, the gentleman from california, mr. panetta. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california has five minutes. mr. panetta: thank you, mr. speaker. i appreciate this opportunity. i would like to share my appreciation of chairman engel, everything he has done for his
5:08 pm
constituents and his district and our country men and women in america and mr. hurd from texas. i rise in support of h.r. 676 the nato support act, mr. speaker. this is a bipartisan bill that allows congress to assert our nation's support for nato to answer anybody who questions the purpose of this alliance and to reaffirm the nato pledge that an armed attack on one of us is an aarmed attack on each of us. this is the most successful military alliance. it is an interdependency that stood as a sturdy, strong and sound anchor for peace that has prevented new world wars, fossterd western prosperity and advanced democratic governance. the united states is to lead and finance the defense of other nations which has allowed them to develop and prosper
5:09 pm
economically and expand and evolve. yet, at the same time, moscow never went to war with a nato partner. we got bases and a guarantee that we would not have to fight alone. europe became our largest investment partner and chief and military companion and everyone has peace and stability to strengthen their democracies. we can continue to put pressure on our nato partners to pay their 2% of their g.d.p. but doesn't mean we want to get out of nato. in fact, doing such, would be a historic mistake. nato is not, is not a transactional relationship. our sole focus can't be on who pays and who gets what. being a part of nato is not being like part of a country club. we value our nato partners.
5:10 pm
and we realize that the power of the nato partnership is absolutely, absolutely invaluable. and the tangible results prove it, not just what we have seen in the past, but what we are seeing now. in our fight against trim, our nato partners will join that effort was demonstrated hours after the attack on 9/11 as partner nations volunteered to invoke article 5. i served along side troops from any nato countries in my service. about i can tell you after 17 years of war, nato troops are still there serving along side our sons and daughters who are serving in uniform. when it comes to russia, our nato partners will continue to play an important role as a deterrent for their aggression and will continue to coordinate and collaborate to push back
5:11 pm
ainst russia's use of hybrid warfair. nato is instrumental. why in we have allies that will stand by us. russia does not. that is the foundation of our partnership and that is the act that rejects efforts to withdraw and prohibits any funds to be used as such. it supports increased defense spending as well as the funding to deter against russian aggression and reaffirms our support of nato not only as a partnership, but as a proven core for an international order that favors democracy and peace. once again, i would like to jack chairman engel and from the foreign affairs committee, matt and jay from my office. mr. speaker, at this time, i would like to thank you and
5:12 pm
respectfully thank and ask all of my colleagues, republican and democrats for their support on h.r. 676 the bipartisan nato support act. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas, mr. mccaul is recognized. mr. mccaul: in the spirit of bipartisanship behind supporting this bill, i yield two minutes to the gentleman from virginia, mr. connolly. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. connolly: i do want to take a moment to clarify a conversation we had on the floor last week on sanctions legislation against mr. deripaska. my remarks were aimed at the administration's proposed policy to lift sanctions on that individual, in no way did my remarks intend to reflect on the
5:13 pm
integrity of my friend from texas who is co-managing the bill to oppose that action. and as my friend from texas knows, i admire him deeply and he is a leader of integrity. nothing i said last week was meant to deflect from that and i wanted to declare that publicly on the floor and i thank my friend for yielding time. i will yield back because i'm looking forward to talk about the issue at hand. and i thank my good friend from texas. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia yields back. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: i now yield three minutes to the gentleman from virginia, a very respected member of the house foreign affairs committee, mr. connolly. mr. connolly: i thank my dear friend the distinguished chairman of the house foreign affairs committee and i thafpk the distinguished ranking member
5:14 pm
for helping mr. panetta to bring this resolution to the floor. i rise in support of h.r. 676, the nato support act reiterating support for the north atlantic treaty organization and prohibitting withdrawal from that organization. as we mark 70 years of the nato alliance, it's critical we recognize the role it has played in protecting u.s. national interests and global stability. nato remains the foundation of u.s. foreign policy to promote a europe that is mole whole, free and peace. nato has only invoked article 5, the commitment to collective defense once in 70 years. and that invocation was on behalf of the united states after we were attacked on 9/11. as a result, nearly one-third of
5:15 pm
the fatalities suffered by coalition forces when we fought in afghanistan to rid that country of al qaeda and the taliban, one-third of the sualties were from non-u.s.-nato-member and partner countries. they put their blood and flesh on the line on behalf of this country as part of that alliance. despite these sacrifices, our president has questioned the value of nato and falsely claimed that nato allies owe the united states money. as a head of the united states delegation to the nato rliamentary, i can attest to the anxiety within nato regarding this administration's commitment to the alliance. case in point. one can't talk about the u.s. commitment to article 5 in 2019 without mentioning president trump's failure to embrace it in
5:16 pm
allies of our nato's to his first trip to brussels in 2017. . he called our nato ally, germany, a, quote, captive of russia, unquote, and demanding that delinquent alliance members increase their defense spending immediately. the president's provocative comments undermine the summit's goal of protecting unity in the face of renewed russian aggression, especially given they occurred just days before what turned out to be a very difficult, if not disastrous, helsinki summit with vladimir putin. eanwhile, russia has occupation of crimea, parts of muldova, and its attacks on democracies throughout europe and even in our own country, that's why i urge my colleagues to support mr. panetta's
5:17 pm
resolution. this legislation reaffirms the u.s. support for nato and preempts any attempt to withdraw from the same. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia yields the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas, mr. mccaul, is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. let me just first say to mr. connolly, we have a lot of passionate partisan debates on this floor, but i have to say, sir, that's a class act on your part. i thank you for your comments. with that, i yield three minutes to the gentleman from texas, mr. hurd, an original co-sponsor of the bill. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas is recognized for three minutes, mr. hurd. mr. hurd: thank you, mr. speaker. i am proud to join with my colleagues to introduce this bipartisan legislation to reaffirm the commitment of congress to the north atlantic treaty organization, as we know it, we call it nato. for 70 years now, almost one illion people from los angeles and london and others have lived in peace and prosperity
5:18 pm
in no small part due to the security provided by nato. as a c.i.a. officer in afghanistan, like my friend and colleague from california, i had the opportunity to serve side by side with nato forces in the fight against al qaeda and the taliban. i saw every day the professionalism and dedication of these brave men and women who, like our soldiers, were fighting to protect their nations and way of life. more than a thousand nato soldiers pay the ultimate sacrifice fighting alongside the united states in afghanistan. in the global fight against terrorism, nato allies have stood with us time and time again. as my friend from the commonwealth of virginia noted, in nato's entire history, 9/11 was the first time the alliance invoked article 5, the commitment that an attack against one ally is an attack against all. in our darkest hour, every member of nato answered the call to fight terror at home and abroad. in europe, nato countries continue to deter russia from
5:19 pm
threatening our democratic partners through military exercises and forward deployments in eastern europe. we have demonstrated our shared resolve against the aggressive ambitions of vladimir putin. that includes a stronger commitment by our allies to provide for their own defense. they spend over $2.8 trillion on defense in the last decade with spending increasing for the fourth straight year in 2018. these partners, not russia, are our true friends, and we must always stand with them. we face many shared challenges, and the only way we can overcome them is by working together and continuing this strong trans-atlantic bond that unites our nations. i urge my colleagues to join me in supporting this legislation, and it's an honor to work alongside my friend from the great state of california, mr. panetta, chairman and ranking member of this important committee, and i'd like to thank you, mr. speaker, and i
5:20 pm
yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, is recognized. mr. engel: i reserve, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i have no further speakers. i'm prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: mr. speaker, we can't overstate the critical role nato played in the history of the 20th century, and for seven decades has been the cornerstone of international security and a force for freedom around the world. i look forward to its continued our ity in defending allies for another 70 years. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, is recognized. mr. engel: let me, again, in closing thank my friend from texas, mr. mccaul, mr. panetta, our majority leader, mr. hoyer, and all this bill's sponsors. as this debate has made perfectly clear, there is no partisan disagreement in this
5:21 pm
body when it comes to the importance of nato. right now we're deal with an adversary in russia that desires nothing more than see the western alliance splinter. vladimir putin's aim is to undermine democracy, to split us apart from our allies, to drive division in the organizations that have kept russia in check. the last thing the united states should do is send mixed signals about our commitment. as the president unfortunately has done. it plays right into putin's hands. from congress, you'll get no such ambiguity. we hope our allies hear that, and we hope putin hears that as well. i'm pleased to support this bill strongly. i urge members to do the same, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york yields the balance of his time. the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill h.r. 676. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no.
5:22 pm
in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 having responded in the affirmative -- mr. engel: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york. mr. engel: on that i request the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking this vote by the yeas and nays will rise and remain standing until counted. a sufficient number having arisen, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this uestion will be postponed. for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. engel: mr. speaker, i move that the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 328, the hack your state department act. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: a bill to require
5:23 pm
the secretary of state to establish a vulnerability disclosure process, v.d.p., to improve department of state cybersecurity and a bug bounty program to identify and report vulnerabilities of internet-facing information tech noll of the department -- technology of the department of state and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, and the gentleman from texas, mr. mccaul, each will ontrol 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from new york, mr. engel. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on h.r. 328, the hack your state department act. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. engel: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: thank you, mr. speaker. let me start by thanking representative lieu, a valued member of the committee on foreign affairs, for his hard work on this bill and on everything else.
5:24 pm
this important legislation passed the house in the last congress with strong bipartisan support, and i certainly support passing it again. mr. speaker, it's critical we modernize our government to better deal with 21st century challenges. the state department is under the constant threat of cyberattacks on foreign actors bent on steal our secrets, disrupting our foreign policy, and undermining our security. mr. lieu's bill will help shore up the state department against this sort of intrusion. first, it requires the secretary of state to get out ahead of this problem instead of waiting for the next attack to happen. this bill would mandate a plan for researchers to actively seek out and report vulnerabilities. secondly, this bill launches a new initiative, so-called bug bounty program. this seeks to tap the expertise of everyday americans by rewarding citizens who uncover
5:25 pm
and report security risks in the department's computer system. it will allow security researchers and friendly hackers to find the cracks in the system so that the department can patch them. this effort is modeled after a successful program at the defense department, which got off the ground in 2016. since then, 1,400 people have registered to participate, and they found roughly 140 vulnerabilities. our federal agencies should learn from one another. it's just common sense to put this tested practice to work at the state department and elsewhere. so i'm very glad to support this bill, and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: mr. speaker, i rise in support of the hack your state department act, which will help address lingering
5:26 pm
cybersecurity gaps at the department of state. the massive breach of the state department's classified computer network in 2014 exposed grave weaknesses. in the years since that attack, problems have continued to mount. the department's cybersecurity response program received a d rating. its owest of any agency on federal information security management report card in 2017. last september, the department revealed that it recently suffered a breach of its unclassified email system which exposed the personal information of some of its employees. the department needs cost-effective solutions to these i.t. security challenges. today's legislation directs the secretary of state to develop and implement a vulnerability disclosure process that will allow threat researchers from the private sector to identify and report cybersecurity flaws. currently, there's no legal avenue that allows them to do
5:27 pm
so. this bill fixes that problem. the bill will establish a bug bounty pilot program to reward ethical hackers for discovering and reporting vulnerabilities at the department. these programs have been used successfully by the defense department and numerous private companies to improve their cyber defenses at minimal cost. in fact, i remember introducing a similar bill for the department of homeland security. as a national security agency, the state department must do more to secure its networks. the hack your state department act is a small but important step towards cost-effective solutions. i want to thank the author, mr. lieu, for putting his computer science background to work here in the congress, and he understands, i believe, the nature of the threats we face in the cyber realm and the importance of a strong cybersecurity partnership between the public and private sectors. i urge support and i reserve
5:28 pm
the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, i yield four minutes to the author of this bill, the gentleman from california, a very honored member of the foreign affairs committee, mr. lieu. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from california is recognized for four minutes. mr. lieu: thank you, mr. speaker. i thank you, ranking member mccaul, for your support of this legislation. i thank you, chairman engel, for your leadership in the house foreign affairs committee. i rise in support of my legislation, h.r. 328, which will strengthen cybersecurity at the state department. this legislation is known as the hack your state department act. it's introduced with my colleague, ted yoho of florida, and has received strong bipartisan support. and that's because there's no such thing as republican cybersecurity or democratic cybersecurity. it's just cybersecurity and we are behind. american institutions are under constant attack from criminals from foreign intelligence
5:29 pm
services and from everyday hackers and that's why last term i was very honored to have -- introduced the hack d.h.s. act along with senators hassan, portman, kamala harris, congressman scott harris. that legislation was signed last month. this bill focuses on the state department and it's something we need to do because we know that the state department over the years has faced mounting security threats from both criminal enterprises and state sponsored hackers. in 2014, for instance, the department was infiltrated by russian hackers and had to temporarily shut down its email system. last month the state department ad the exposure of its employees. as a recovering computer science employee, i know the tools that the state department has not adopted and one such tool is exactly what this bill will do. this bill does primarily two
5:30 pm
things. the first is establish what is called a vulnerability disclosure process, which sets clear rules of the road so when people discover vulnerabilities they can report it in a safe, secure manner with the confidence that the state department will actually fix the problems. we cannot allow vulnerabilities remain unknown to hackers. and the second is to pay vetted hackers to define vulnerabilities. the department of defense discovered the success of the bug bounty program. the pentagon learned and fixed over 138 vulnerabilities in its systems. d.h.s. is also going to start this very same program and hopefully the state department will deal with this as well when this legislation is signed into law. let me conclude by saying that today with h.r. 328, the house of representatives is taking these recommendations to heart and helping improve cybersecurity at the department
5:31 pm
of state and thank you, again, ranking member mccaul, chairman engel, and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. mccaul: i have no further speakers and am prepared to close. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. mccaul: i want to thank the thor and mr. yoho to harness priflet sector know-how to improve cyber defenses at the department of state. i moved this very same legislation when i was chairman of the homeland security committee for the department of homeland security and i believe it's working very if he cantively. department of defense has done the same thing and now for the department of state to take on this challenge as well. i support this bill and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, is recognized.
5:32 pm
mr. engel: i want to thank mr. lieu for this important legislation. flaltfooted.caught our agencies haven't done enough to root out vulnerabilities and congress hasn't done enough to make sure that we have the tools we need to tackle these challenges. as we head into the 116th congress i will be focusing on this. and taking a look at cyberthreats to ensure that the state department and all our departments and agencies are equipped to handle this challenge. for now, this bill is an important step in the right direction. i urge all members to support the measure for us. and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new york yields back. the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass bill h.r. 328. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no.
5:33 pm
in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative -- mr. engel: mr. speaker, i ask for a recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking the vote will rise and remain standing until counted. a sufficient number having arisen, yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this uestion will be postponed. the clerk: i write to you to tender my resignation from the house of representatives, 12th district of pennsylvania effective wednesday, january 23, 2019, signed sincerely, tom marino, member of congress.
5:34 pm
the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 12-a, rule 1, the chair declares the house

4 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on