tv White House Science Technology Director Kelvin Droegemeier on American... CSPAN February 15, 2019 2:02pm-2:49pm EST
>> we take you live to the american association for the advancement of science, their f white house science and technology director, kelvin droegemeier. it's his first major address since taking office. live coverage here on c-span. >> and sworn in to the administration, someone that the science community has been expressing pleasure about since his nomination and his confirmation and his swearing in. kelvin droegemeier is the director of the office of science and technology policy in the white house. stc, the of the n national science and technology council, the coordination of the
cabinet agencies dealing with science and technology and engineering issues. he had his formal oath of office only this week. he was sworn in a few weeks before but this monday, the same day as the sign of the artificial intelligence initiative, kelvin droegemeier had his ceremonial swearing in with vice president pence. he's a solid scientist, has policy expertise and experience, and he has a sense of science and society and of science and government. kelvin droegemeier is on leave and regents professor -- he says without pay -- of meteorology at the university of oklahoma. a b.s. in meteorology if the university of oklahoma, a ph.d. in atmospheric science from the
university of illinois-cham payne urbana. he's been chair emeritus of weather views and was a co-founder of the national science foundation engineer regular search center for collaborative adaptive sensing of the atmosphere. hich goes by the acronym casa. oklahomans know him for his newspaper weather column. many of us in the science community know him because he was appointed by george w. bush and subsequently by barack obama to two six-year terms on the national science board. he's been an advisor to the government -- the governor of oklahoma, he's a trustee of various scientific and educational associations, and corporate -- and corporations. he's a fellow of the american
meteorological society and a fellow of the triple-a-s. everyone who works with him find him to have a very accessible manner. we scientists hope and trust that this will turn into accessible policy. we will call on him frequently d expect to find this access that he is so famous for. i think his winning manner will help him win the trust of the president and people in the administration. so that he will be able to make clear to president trump and to others in the administration that science can help respond to the problems in front of us and in front of them.
and to help them understand that almost every policy issue has cience embedded in it. i hope that his winning personality will allow him not nly to win the trust but to be given access himself so that he can provide advice beyond his work as head of the -- as the leading scientist in the administration and head of the office of science and technology policy. i think we hope and expect he will be able to clearly mmunicate the accepted and understood evidence on climate cience, that human activity is changing the climate and it is
costly in lives and dollars and action is required. that funding for science from the federal government is suboptimal in many ways, there's credit to be given to the congress, the appropriators, but the administration should understand and we hope that dr. droegemeier will help them understand, that the funding is suboptimal. this is no time to reduce federal funding for research. and we hope that he will also be able -- [applause] with his winning manner to be able to communicate clearly ancon vincingly the evidence that we need to pay attention to the workplace in which science is done.
to stamp out bias and harassment and this requires not just words from the top. so we are honored that dr. droegemeier would choose the -- for his first public significant public outing to talk about his ideas, the administration's ideas, and your ideas for science and technology policy in the united states. dr. droegemeier. [applause] dr. droegemeier: thank you so much. good afternoon, everyone. how is everyone doing? fantastic. thank you, dr. holt, congressman, chairman, for your
kind words in your introduction and for your support of science. your leadership in congress and of the aaas have been extraordinary. i want to have you all join me in thanking rush holt for his wonderful work and the work he has done and continues to do. thank you, rush. [applause] i want to thank all of you for coming today. like airline pilots are given the saying, i know you have lots of choices when you go to conferences, so i want to thank you for choosing this session at the aaas annual meeting. it is wonderful to be here today, with you, among so many friends and colleagues and i'm so thankful for aaas for inviting me here today to give as rush said, my first speech since i was sworn into office on january 11. words really are so inadequate for expressing the gratitude i feel for being given this
tremendous opportunity to serve the nation. for the trust that you and the president have placed in me as ostp director. when my nomination was announced last year, i was literally blown away. as a person who studies trornedse, that's probably an appropriate experience. but i was blown away by the support i received from the scientific community. the letters, the email the fact that more than 40 scientific societies expressing support for me. it is all of you who helped me get across the finish line. there were several nominees were waiting to be confirmed. we had to make sure those who wanned to get across the finish line had the support. so i thank you for that, for your confidence and encouragement.
i stand here today to commit to you my very best to deliver on the important charge i have been given. in that regard, i hope that you never forget that i am one of you. that i came from your ranks. i am a researcher, and i am an educator. i am not some aloof bureaucrat who sits in an office somewhere far, far away. like all of you, i am passionate about unleashing the curiosity of the human mind. exploring new frontiers of knowledge. and watching that knowledge take us to exciting new places. for saving lives and improving lives, keeping our country safe, healthy, and economically prosperous. and also for keeping our citizens employed. so the message that i have to share today with you is not out what i will do as ostp do as a but what we can community.
you might ask why a meteorologist like myself who studies severe weather would leave tornado heaven and come to washington that sees a tornado on a very rare occasion, once in a blue moon, you might say. here's the reason, it's very simple. as i have told my own students and as i tell students and others looking to come into science, there's no better time in the history of this planet or any better place on earth to be engaging the quest for scientific knowledge and understanding than right here, right now, in america. our understanding, our tools, our access to information and data, our talent base and our ideas are simply incredible. our universities, our federal and national laboratories our private companies, our nonprofit organizations, they together compose an incredible ecosystem unlike any on planet eth. this extraordinary capability, this amazing capability is amazing not because of what it
creates and it creates some incredible thing, but not because of what it creates but because of what creates it. that it is our american values. our spirit of innovation. of being pioneers. and the freedom that we enjoy here in america to pursue our big ideas and our dreams. now upon being considered for this position i began to think more deeply about who we are, about where we come from, and about what we have, and especially about where we are going. which is what i really want to talk about today. big red flashing neon sign comes up, here's a meteorologist about to talk about the future. this ought to be fun. fortunately for you, because i'm horrible at welcome forecasting, i'm not going to talk about the weather. i'm going to talking a smbt that i think is quite important and that is about the future of american research. now, also as a meteorologist, i'm compelled to look at the
initial condition. that is, in my world, the starting point of a computer weather forecast. now that starting point could be anything in the context of a research enterprise but i've chosen an obvious one for the topic of today's presentation. that is the state of our nation's enterprise just before the end of world war ii. it was at that time president roosevelt charged his science advisor with answering a series of questions about lessons -- how lessons learned from wartime research, coordination, could be then translated to be applied at any time to pioneer what the president called new frontiers of the mind. that was quite a challenge that he -- that president roosevelt put to dr. bush. dr. bush's response was a brilliantly succinct report titled science: the endless frontier. how many of you have heard of this report in ton of you. how many have read it? ok. how many of you know somebody sitting next to you that says
they read the report but really didn't? ok, nobody raised the -- nobody raised their hands. k, we've got a lot of honest folks in the room. the report will be reprinted soon, so you'll be able to read it. it was not a strategic plan but created for the nation a strategic framework consisting of three overarching principles. the first, we all completely agrow with, scientific progress is eensrble -- essential for developing new knowledge across key domains and federal government funding is unique to the federal government's role in funding associated basic research. the second point was we must renew our scientific talent. bush was thinking -- dr. bush was thinking about ensuring an adequate supply of researchers for the future. the third one that he made a very important point of and the way he put it was, the lid must
be lift. by that, he meant that certain information which at the time was classified because the manhattan project was under way and so on, that only the information that really needed to be classified should remain classified. otherwise, everyone should be made openly available. you kind of think, that sounds like open access. we'll come back to that in a moment. fast forward to today. i don't want to get too detailed. but because of the framework dr. bush helped engineer, the success america has experienced and the place we find ourselveses in today compareded to the -- compared to the period following world war ii is astounding. you all know that you see it every day. check out these statistics. from 1953 to 2016, total r&d spening in the united states ncreased 1,240%. industry investment during that same period grew from 17.1
billion to 355 billion dollars. again in constant 2018 dollars. that was due in large part to federal investments in basic research. universities today perform 59% of basic research which is up from 31% back at the end of world war ii. university enrollment in undergraduates have gone from one million to over 17 million students today with graduate enrollments going from about half a million around the time of world war ii to three million today. philanthropic support of research is now into the tens of billions of dollars per year, extraordinary advancement. in fact, in recent years an this is a surprise, there's been a really sharp rise of basic research being funded by the private sector. in fact in 2015, for the first time in the history of this country, the private sector funded more basic research, the bulk of it, than did the federal government. now, that didn't happen because
the federal government stopped funding basic research. but it happened because american companies had the freedom to be creative and to invest and to explore new ideas. that really came out of the bush -- the dr. bush doctrine. entrepreneurism has also flourished in america so innovation coming from basic research funded by m.n.i.h. and places like that have led power howes companies with tpwhrobal reach. today our thriving -- our private industry of scientific companies launches satellites. they design and build major computing centers. if you go back to 1957 when sputnik was launched, only the federal government could mount a response to that. today it could easily be a private company, perhaps even a startup. that's astaunding. it knows not -- it shows not a failure on the part of the frft but it shows the success of the dr. bush doctrine and the vision and the framework he put in
place and how successful it has been. so if i could bring this just a little closer to home, let me speak to some questions that have perhaps been on your mind. what's happening at oscp? is anybody home? does the president care about science in the answers are, a great deal. lots of people working hard on important things and making a difference. and absolutely. we're done there. just kidding. let me be more specific. i can tell you with great confidence as a scientist who like you cares deeply about this nation that science and technology are alive and well in the trump administration and that ostp has been an active and meaningful driver from the beginning of the administration. the trump administration with strong encouragement leadership by ostp, i take my hat off to michael who has been leading it for the first two years you should the trump administration who is fortunately santa fing with us because he's a rock star, he's amazing this
administration has launched new initiatives and created national road maps for artificial intelligence, quantum information science, 5g, advanced manufacturing, and stem education. in fact, it launched a -- issued a new report on stem education late last year. it also mounted a national response to the opioid crisis, end colluding an assessment of available scientific resources to address the causes of this devastating scourge. it restarted the national space council. this administration created a decade vision involving oceans. it's providing tuns via a new broadband initiative serving rural and underserved communities. it's also updating the space weather strategic plan and undertaking massive efforts, absolutely massive efforts in rescaling -- reskilling americans to prepare them for jobs of the future. i'm delight and proud to show you today an advance copy of science and technology
highlights in the second year of the trump administration. i literally grapped -- grabbed this off the printer as we walked out of the office at 1:00. we hoped to have copies off the printer, not that printer but a higher quality printer for you today but we didn't make the deadline. it just wasn't possible. this will be posted on the ostp website and it will be available to you online but we'll also have hard copies available to you. it is ex-twrirednary when you go through and read the accomplishments this egreat things happening in science and technology. you'll really, i think, be astounded and proud to see all of what is happening. as this report shows, america leads the world in many ways. we've never been in a better position than right now to truly remain the global leader in s&t. unfortunately, we are not performing up to our potentials. other folks, other countries, are nipping at our heels. in fact, what i realized, when
thinking hard about how far we've come since world war ii, and taking stock of where we're at today, that in many respects we're kind of thinking in the same ways that we have since world war ii. , nce dr. bush's famous treaty science: the endless frontier." i'd call that period from world war ii up to the frent -- present that first, great, bold era of science and technology in that endless frontier. the past 75 years have been extraordinary. i think we're about to turn a page into a new frontier. that's what i want to talk to you about today. if you think about where we're going, let me just sort of start to paint a picture for you of where i think we need to go. think of the american r&d enterprise as a big jigsaw puzzle. when we have our heads down, we focus on a piece of that puzzle or maybe a couple of pieces. maybe our particular piece. how a few pieces fit together. that's absolutely appropriate. that's our role as individual
researchers, as groups of researchers in centers and things like that. but when we do that, which is again appropriate, we tend to miss the big picture. that is the box top of the puzzle. but the box top is really important. because it looks far different when you look at the box top and you consider the research capabilities and funding across all of the components of the research enterprise, all the sectors i mentioned previously. the private sector, the academic sector, the nonprofit sector and private companies. so academia, industry, nonprofits, and agencies. so those all compose this enterprise. we need to step back and look at that box top. we need to think more in terms of the enterprise as a whole, not just about our piece of the enterprise. also portfolios across this enterprise. rather than our piece or a bunch of individual pieces. the pieces are very important because they represent us. they represent our centers. but how they fit together is
extremely important and how they create the entire whole, the box top is really critical to our future success. so when we think about how other countries are investing in sivense and technology, and we know some are investing massively across multiple disciplines, including areas vital to our national security, and also to our economic prosperity, we tend to sort of think about the dollars. and think about that first and foremost and sometimes only that. now believe me, just like you, i've had lots of grants, i've run centers that are purely funded by soft money, and i know what the challenges are. so i no, i how important money. is in the national context i think we need to think about more than money. we don't want to lose focus on money, it's sporn. we must be mindful of the array of american assets across academia, nonprofit foundations and the federal government. now, some in other areas, some
in other countries have duplicated this functionality, which is great. as someone once said, science anywhere is great for science everywhere. i agree with that. what we have in america is an array of assets that are underpinned by american values. that combination of our assets and our american values can in the be duplicated. and i think we need to start messaging this to folks who are looking to come into science. yes we have national and federal labs, we have incredible academic institutions, we have incredible facilities, incredible capabilities. when you put that in the context of our freedom of inquiry and our system of government in america it makes us absolutely unique in the world. within that condition text, instead of thinking sort of about the next budget cycle or next major election or maybe the next decadal survey, we think longer term. with a much longer term planning horizon. what aye come to the conclusion about, in thinking about all this, is that america is truly
now entering a second bold era in the endless frontier of science and technology. this second bold era is one in which we need to take an enterprise-wide view, understand and leverage, that's an important point, the powerful and mutually beneficial role to be played by the four sectors i have been talking about and leveraging those assets across the entire enterprise. we need to remove inefficiencies that arose over the last several decades and provide safe, welcoming and accommodating environments to support the conduct of research and we have to engage every corner of the nation to finally address the long-standing problem of the lack of diversity and inclusiveness that exists in the research enterprise. we have to be sure that our research enterprise remains international in scope while appropriately protective of our valuable intellectual endeavors. this is the best time in the
history of the world to be in science, to be coming into science or be thinking about coming into science. it is our high task together collaboratively to make sure the second bold era is successful. if we succeed, america will create new capabilities of frontiers of the mind and the heart that are essential for ensuring america's global leadership position now and for generations to come. so fantastic. how do we do all of that? that sounds like a lot. as dr. bush outlined three points in his wonderful tree tice, i would like to pro-- treatise, i would like to propose some new pillars. first, understand the ecosystem in a different context in a context underpinned by american values and undertake long-term planning looking farther down the road into the future. the second pillar is to leverage the collective strength of each sector in our r&d ecosystem
through innovative partnerships that bring benefit to all and provide value to all and provide value to the taxpayers of america. and third, and of great importance, is to ensure that our research environments are safe, welcoming, and accommodating. free from harassments of all kinds, able to attract and retain the best and highly diverse talent, provide security for our national interests, and maximize the contributions of our collective intellectual endeavors. so let me very briefly describe my thoughts on each of these and ask you to think about them as well. as a meteorologist, i think you know, i don't have it all figured out, it's pretty clear that i don't know everything. but what i do know is i'm part of a community, this wonderful ecosystem of brilliant people. when we work together and put a lot of smart people together we can solve any problem that comes our way. so together, let us chart that course. let me talk for a second about the first pillar. it deals with the context and planning for r&d.
it's predicated on the fact that the environment in which the federal government, academia, industry, and nonprofit foundations exist today is a far cry different from what existed 75 or even 15 years ago. as is the case for kids on a soccer field or students going into a debate tournament, in order to reach our potential we have to understand our capabilities. in this case, i would say our capabilities and our gaffes. -- gaps. then we have to have the proper context and then plan long-term to overcome both our own challenges as well as global challenges. so take for example this idea of doing a quadrenall assessment to take stock of the entire u.s. r&d enterprise as a whole. each of those four sectors i was talking about. no such assessment has been performed in this country though much of the raw material exists
and has been assembled. the task is daunting but in my view essential. in much the same way the computer weather forecast begins with knowing the current state of the atmosphere, the path toward ensuring unquestioned american dominance in r&d becomes with a clear picture of today's capabilities in a global context. we must begin thinking of our capabilities as thematic portfolios rather than individual disciplines and top ics. those disciplines and topics are important, don't throw those away but science is moving in a different direction with the rise of multidisciplinary teams nd bringing together groups of wide expertise for a challenge. we have to do the same. if you think about our nation's portfolio in artificial intelligence, you may ask how much research funding is being directed to that topic? how many students and researchers are working on it
not just in academia but in the private sector, in the government sect york across all the sectors? how many facilities and laboratories are being used for that work? how many workers are being employed? what is the future demand? what assets does the federal government have access to, does it control, that could be deployed in a way to supercharge that artificial intelligence r&d system? the answer is that we don't really have a clue. those are very, very tough questions. that's because a portfolio isn't nice and neat but consists of computer science, applied math montana -- mathematics, strail, a.i. is a broad thing. how to you capture where we're at today an think about where we're going? getting a handle on this as a portfolio is a challenge. but in my view if we're able to do that, it will really help us think about how to strategically invest and move forward. what's beautiful about the port foale approach is it doesn't
require some wholesale fundamental change in how we structure our budgets. i think congressman holt would agree with me that trying to do something like that in my political climate would be a difficult if not impossible thing to do. what it does require is that we think differently about our work and the support that is needed for it. the portfolio approach will allow for a thoughtful and effective allocation of federal researches especially for basic early stage research which is something the government must always play a vital role in but now viewed through the lens of work being funded in the same areas by the private sector, by nonprofits, and by the academic community itself. this is the power of portfolios. it allows one to see across the entire enterprise so the efforts of one sector are linged to the efforts of another and they mutually strengthen one another. if they do this, we'll maximize the use of available dollars, minimize unnecessary duplication and greatly, and this is
important, greatly increase collaboration. this is something i actually did in my role as cabinet secretary of science and technology in oklahoma. i found it to work actually quite well on topics such as drones, renewable energy and cyber security. we in oklahoma are perhaps not as well-resourced as other states. we had to figure out how to pool our resources to maximize the capability of what we have. we realized that this portfolio approach allowed us oto do so in a way that drew us together rather than pushed us apart. the second pillar i'm proposing involves strengthening the connective tissue among the four mponents of our ecosystem, federal, academia, nonploft and the private sector. we talk a lot about partnership bus data and experience show and i think you'd agree with this, we could be be doing much better in this area. a really rigorous approach to partnerships that leverages each
partner's strength and mission delivers value based on each partner's contribution and needs as well. we also tackle this problem head on in oklahoma where i created a program that facilitated interaction between industry academia in 10 specific areas of mutual benefit. think about ok, what does a private company exist to do? what does a university or college exist to do? what are things they care most about? and what are the intersection points among those things. i came up with 10. it's not really an inclusive list but it was a good starting point. such -- such as consult, internships, data sets, data analytics capabilities. research projects. entrepreneurism. intellectual property and work force development. sometimes companies, especially immediate yalm sized companies don't have access to clean rooms or wet labs that universities have so they could partner with them to both help the company and then bring new knowledge and insight into the university. it's a beautiful relationship that develops out of this.
now this activity in oklahoma is still spinning up. we have seen some tremendous wins from it that are really beneficial to both the academic and the private sector enterprise. so as the executive branch across federal agencies, but also with an ability on the part of ostp to reach out to other stake holders and bring them to the table, i believe we're well placed to facilitate this conversation at a national level. i believe it can empower businesses, unleash capability and potential in them and greatly benefit our universities. i have some data sometime i could talk to you about, aaas day tark that shows the unrealized potential of doing this sort of thing. additionally policy changes such as those involving intellectual property, and i suspect those who worked with private companies and academia know how challenging this can be. the trump administration is
focusing on this, laser focused, and i believe the resulting changes are going to make a difference and improve our ability to translate research jut comes from the laboratory into products an servicers in private sector. i can tell you in my 35-year career we've talked and talked and talked about this, i see change on the horizon and i'm excited about that. i believe we must consider ways to rekind they will famous blue sky industrial research labs of the past. they contributed so substantially to our economic and our national security. you know what they were. they were powered by basic research. boosted by government consulting and contracts and pro-innovation policies, and they were propel by creative problem solving and pro-innovation activities be by teams of experts that worked on cool things that resulted in the development of the transcystor, for example. they provided unfettered access to just time. to do things they did. and without a lot of the
administrative burdens that encoupler behr -- encumber us today. a new framework for creating this explosive environment, what i'm just for the sake of argument calling alpha institutes for a working title, could serve as a crucible of exceptional faculty, students and post-doctoral researchers from academia and government to pursue transformational ideas on some of the biggest challenges that face humanity today like space exploration, climate change, eradicating disease and making it possible for people to live longer and healthier lives. located at colleges and universities, these institutes could be funded primarily by industry and nonprofit foundations. and because of that, they could have streamlined i.t. policies and be free from a lot of the administrative burden that really is challenging to our research enterprise. in that sense they could be pilot projects and test capabilities. they would be linked together, folks who worked there, by shared vision where each partner
comes in with nothing more than ideas to pursue and the freedom to do so. finally we have to ensure that partnerships lie at the very heart of our nation's approach to educating the next generation of researchers. we must think more expansively about stem to enable more americans to cultivate advanced experience in stem education and stem fields as well as new opportunities to acquire stem skills even if they don't have a stem degree. partnerships will be crucial to this success. as a new strategic plan that the trump administration released last december pointed out, it was one of the three pillars of this plan, the enhancement of diversity in stem is absolutely essential. it is not an option. it's a national imperative and progress is needed right now and we have to make progress. and i am absolutely intent on using that plan and all the great stake holders tharned the country to make progress on enhancing diversity not only in stem education but across the
board. finally for the third and final pillar of that second bold era, we must provide safe, welcoming, and accommodating environments for performing research. it is imher ty that everyone who cares about the future of science in america, from the grool teacher to first-year chemistry student to the president's science adviseor does all he or she can to ensure the safety of our researchers and their innovations. whether in the laboratory or field or a focus group, the standard of behavior we expect must apply everywhere research is conducted. preventing sexual and other forms of harassment is a community-wide effort and i look forward to working with you and others across the enterprise to tackle this issue head on and to fix it. i see our community as a way to light a path for others. not only in the words we speak but in the actions that we take
as well. while we stand firmly behind openness that is a hallmark of our research enterprise and has been, it's extremely important, we must recognize the very real security concerns that come along with it. more so now than ever before. we want students and researchers in america to reap the benefits of an open environment but at the same time we have to take appropriate pro pre-cautions to assure that our resources do not fall into the hands of those attempting to do us harm or those who would seek to reap the benefits of our hard work without doing hard work themselves. this is one of my top priorities as director of ostp and the importance of this challenge has been underscored multiple times, lots of groups are working on it but in the timesive been here at ostp i've met with several university presidents, various associations and government officials and pretty much to a person this is their top priority. the final component i want to
mention today in the third pillar of the research environment, i have many of these things, i'm only going to mention a few, is reducing the unnecessary burdens that divert researchers' time and attention away from innovation and discovery. the uniquely american free market ideal of unfettered exploration is exceptionle and unmatched for driving advancement in science and technology. we cannot allow the discoveries and breakthroughs of tomorrow to somehow, for some reason, be diverted or delayed buzz of these unnecessary burdens. that simply cannot happen. i'm talking not about the burdens and the actual compliance activities that are important and relevant, there are a lot that exist and they have to be there. but i'm talking about the ones that are known to be unnecessary and wasteful. the trump administration is absolutely, as i think you know, laser focused, on reducing regulatory and administrative and compliance burden. like all of you, as a
researchers -- researcher and former vice president for research, i know how important this is and how much it impacts researchers directly. the insidious thing about this burden is it steals intellectual resources from a human being. that's not something you can monetize. i think even doing so is sort of discrediting researchers. but as a meteorologist, being discredited is something i i'm used to so i monetized it anyway. turns out, these aren't my numbers but i've talked to various folks who have made guesstimates about how much money is basically wasted, talk about waste, fraud, and abuse, wasted on unnecessary administrative burdens. it return into -- it run into a few billion a year that could be recaptured if we are able to reduce these unnecessary burdens. this is something that we are going to get done. as we look to the future, it is not an exaggeration to say that the security of our nation, the strength of our people and the well being of the entire world
depend upon america fulfilling its scientific and technological potential. our discoveries spread knowledge. our innovations inspire hope. and our advances may absolutely save lives. those of you who came here today hoping for me to announce some major research initiative might be somewhat disappointed but do i have ideas for such things? oh my gosh, i absolutely do, just like aural of you. but that's not for me to do. my role is work with you and other folks who have great ideas, to make sure that this incredible research enterprise that we enjoy in america continues to thrive and to grow. it must operate full throttle. it has to promote bold thinking. effective use of resources. and delivering on the trust that is placed in us which we take very seriously by the american taxpayer. today is only the beginning of a conversation that has the potential to change the world for the better. it is your work that will inspire and change the world.
so let's inspire and change the world together. and usher in that incredible second bold era of america's endless frontier in science and technology. i'm here, i'm ready to work with you, i'm excited about the future, and i really am so grateful for you being here today. may god bless each one of you, may god bless the united states of america. thank you so very much. [applause] >> thank you, dr. droegemeier. now we move to the next sessions. thank you. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2019] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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norton. >> i thought the film was visually beautiful and the thing that sticks with you is just how loving and lovely the film is. i think his writing really does deal with love. whether it's universal love, loving one's self, love between people and society. i really think that's the overarching theme. i think a lot of people see him, because he was so passion in the in -- passionate in fighting for the rights of african-americans, that sometimes i think people mistake that for anger, and i don't think -- i think he was -- not angry but forceful in his denunciation of racism. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span's "q&a." >> president donald trump declared a national emergency today to fulfill his pledge to construct a wall along the
u.s.-mexico border. congress approved less money than the president wanted for border security and in a rose garden event the president justified the declaration by saying the country has an invasion of drugs, gangs, and people them move drew bipartisan criticism on capitol hill and is expected to face rounds of legal challenges. house speaker nancy pelosi said, this is plainly a power grab by a disappointed president who has gone outside the bounds of law to try to get what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process. senate majority leader mitch mcconnell says president trump's decision to announce emergency action is the predictable and understandable consequence of democrats' decision to put partisan obstruction ahead of the national interest. he urged democrats to help provide more border security funding in the next round of appropriations. here's the president's announcement today.