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tv   QA Matthew Hoh  CSPAN  March 17, 2019 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT

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questions from the british house of commons one day after they voted to reject theresa may's revised brexit plan. at 9:45, a hearing on the plight of indigenous women. ♪ inan: matthew hoh, back 2009, september the 10th you wrote the following. "dear ambassador powell, it is with great regret i submit my resignation and my appointment as a political officer in the foreign service, mi post is a senior civilian representative for the u.s. government in province." what was that?
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capt. hoh: thank you for having me here. that was almost 10 years ago. it is hard to express how i was feeling then compared to now, and what has occurred since then. i had no expectation of that letter becoming public. i had no expectation to become an antiwar activist or a veteran for peace. i had no expectation that we would be sitting here in 2019 talking about this for an afghan -- this war in afghanistan. the way it has been escalated. the way it has escalated every year. the countless lives that have been wasted, and the continuous suffering. it is shocking to hear it. it is. it is very surreal for me to be sitting here right now with you, brian. brian: what is your background
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leading up to when he resigned from the state department? capt. hoh: i graduated from college, worked in publishing doing financing. -- doing finance. i did not have a military family background. i had an uncle that had been in germany. that is the biggest military connection we had. when i joined the marine corps a couple years after college, it was because i was bored, i was looking for something to do with my life. i spent time in the marine corps in okinawa, japan. i worked for the secretary of the navy at the pentagon. i had a position on a state department team in iraq in 2004-2005 doing reconstruction work and political work. i lead a marine corps company back to iraq in 2006-2007 as a combat engineer company commander. i ended up receiving a direct
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appointment into the foreign service in early 2009. went to afghanistan. i think what i was expecting was that, the obama administration was going to seek peace. and to the conflict -- end to the conflict. president obama sent a context of sending two brigades of troops. he ended up sending over 70,000 plus an additional 40,000 nato troops and 100,000 contractors. what i saw in afghanistan in the same things i had seen in iraq in 2004-2000 5, 2006-2007, as well as when i worked at the state department in between those times. there was no difference in the administration's. desiresnistration's
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were to win for political reasons, domestic political reasons. everything else was secondary. in 2009, after i saw the elections stolen by the afghan government. after so many had been killed in the run up to that, i could not go along with it any longer. i was basically broken inside. the fact that i am here now, still doing this, was never my intention. it just has continued to go along, almost as if my work in haswar, or peace activism been a way to make up for what i did in the wars. brian: what have you done the last 10 years? capt. hoh: i became a think tank expert. i have a title, i am a senior fellow. i lead a project of the afghan study group in 2010, 2011, 2012,
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which is the compilation of 40 or 50 different international affairs experts, retired generals, academics arguing for what we are seeing now. ap's's -- peace process. i tried to get a way from this type of thing. i have worked at the ymca. i sold cars. i worked as a consultant for a und.ate family f none of that stuck. i keep coming back to this. a lot of veterans, no matter what war will say, i left the never left me. that is my case. i work with an organization now called "veterans of peace." i am on a couple of different advisory boards. this is what i do. i have also struggled with the invisible wounds of war.
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posttraumatic stress disorder. depression, substance abuse. in the last several years, traumatic brain injury has flared up for me, just as so many other women are experiencing. frome it was probably .xplosive blast exposure i was around a lot of explosions. both in training and in combat. it is very similar to what the football players, or may be similar to what football players and boxers are experiencing. i have had to do with that. it has been not just a challenge for me, but a challenge for my family. a challenge for my wife. a real challenge for my wife. what she has gone through because of my wounds, those invisible wounds of the wars, she has ptsd herself because of it. brian: how much combat did you
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see? capt. hoh: quite a bit. one of the misnomers about the wars is that men and women are not seeing that much combat. it is the complete opposite. according to the department of defense, according to various studies, veterans of the afghan and iraq wars have seen more combat than any other veteran of american wars. as far back as the first world war. that is as far back as we have those studies and understanding. we saw a lot. even when i was a civilian over there working on reconstruction and politics and going to parliamentary meetings, and working with engineers, we were constantly under ied attacks, mortar attacks. constantly in small arms engagements. when i lead marines in iraq and
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2006-2007, every time you left your base, every time you left your outposts, you got into a gunfight. ied went off. i saw quite a lot. it changes you. with ptsd, basically, you sent -- you spend a year, or help desk or however long, hunting people and people are hunting you. that changes your entire body chemistry. brainw that with ptsd size changes for soldiers who go to war and come back. when they come back from the war their brains are different sizes and shapes because of ptsd. your body is releasing all the survival chemicals constantly and that causes you to have serious problems when you come home. others, andfor many
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i think this is what leads into understanding why so many veterans of these wars are killing themselves, there is a moral component to it. it is the civilians. it is the innocence. one way or another we took part in killing. that is something you can never get past your it that moral injury. -- past. that moral injury. you cannot get that blood offer hands. that brings you to thoughts of suicide. that is something i dealt with a number of years. i am here because i had really great doctors at the v.a. who saved my life. brian: go back to your original resignation letter. the washington post put you on page one? capt. hoh: above the fold. brian: headline, u.s. official
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resigns over afghan war. in it -- why do you think it made the front page? did. hoh: i asked her why you write this 3000 word, or however long expose on me? she said, everything you said in your resignation letter and what you said to me -- at this point she worked on secretary clinton's detail of post. she covered secretary clinton's foreign affairs. she said everyone i spoke to at the pentagon and state department, all of them agree with you and what you are saying about afghanistan. brian: in this piece it says he should not -- they did not share hoh's view that the war was not worth the fight. he asked him to join his team in washington saying, "if you ,eally wanted to affect policy
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why not be inside the building, rather than outside where you can get a lot of attention, but you will not have the same political impact." did you talk to richard holbrook about this? capt. hoh: i did. brian: what was he doing? capt. hoh: he was up at the united nations general assembly. i met with him in his bedroom. he was on his bed drinking a purple gatorade. he was shuttling in between all these different meetings. the u.k.t met whossador to afghanistan later wrote a book about the war , and how the war is unwinnable. not just unwinnable, that it was a moral failure. holbrook did offer me that position. he told me 95% of what i had written he agreed with. i left and he talked me into taking that job.
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i went home, took the train back home to arlington and thought about it. a few days later i called back and said i cannot do it because i did not resign just to get myself promoted. i quit because i was quitting the wars. i am really done. i cannot do this any longer. i thought nothing i did would have any impact. nothing i would have worked on would have changed the war. the decision had already been made. i can tell you this from discussions with holbrook and the ambassador, they were voices of dissent of escalating the war, but they were shut down by secretary clinton. secretary clinton was very much in favor of escalating the war. you could see this very clearly, stories written in the "new york
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another book. secretary clinton was very enthusiastic about escalating the afghan war to the point that holbrook had no voice. i knew that. it may no sense for me to join that team. brian: 10 years later and one of the reasons we asked you to come here is because you wrote a huge piece about the last 10 years and how you feel about it now. that was in -- the title of this piece is "time for peace in afghanistan and an end to the lies." where can people read that? capt. hoh: they can find that at "counterpunch." i am not sure how long it has been around for, but to say it leans left of center is probably
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not saying enough about it. it has been around for a long time. good, veryy thorough,, very in-depth look at american politics and the world from a left of center perspective. brian: the word lies is in the headline of your piece. what lies are you talking about? capt. hoh: from start to finish with this war. with the notion of who we put in power in afghanistan, that somehow these men we put in power were democrats, or were in favor of room and -- of women rights, completely ignoring their roles as warlords, as war criminals, as drug lords. the notion that the taliban had never wanted peace. brian: when you say democrats you are talking about iraq he is 'sd the afghanistan -- iraqi
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and the afghanistan? yes. hoh: what we were creating in afghanistan was a democracy, when in reality, it is a system.y and corrupt the lies continue into when things are discussed about the drugs in afghanistan. you hear the drug trade is primarily done by the taliban. that may be true now because the taliban has gave so much land the last two years. for most of our time in afghanistan, the drug trade has been in control by the afghan government and the afghan military. the lies that go on, that somehow american boys and girls are over there killing and being killed in order to keep a safe, that if we are not there another 9/11 will happen.
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by the fact that osama bin laden was an afghan, but the 9/11 hijackers spent more time in the united states than they did in afghanistan. the most important safeties in -- safe haven for those attackers were in the u.s. the preparation took place in germany and pakistan. they had meetings in spain, malaysia, possibly in the uae. the idea that they needed jets thatn, as the struck the twin towers took off , it is one ofrt the greatest and tragic lies. is ithat why does dishonors the memory of everyone who has been killed. onther they have been killed september 11. whether they have been killed in
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combat. whether they have been killed of innocence in the afghan war. not only that, we act as if the afghan war was hatched on september 11. when this were started -- i was you can trace this war to the time the king was killed. man, i wouldfghan have to live my whole life with political chaos and normally war. that is another why that somehow this war began on september 11. that it has not been going on for over 40 years now. you can unpack these things and go further into it. we arelity is is that, going to be hitting 18 years, october in terms of how long our troops have had been on the ground, killing and being killed. we talk about this with the
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are completely unrelated to the reality of the conflict there. something thatay may not be perfectly accurate, but you can correct me. anybody innever hear this country talking about the afghan situation. members of congress don't talk about it. why do you think that is? capt. hoh: i agree with you. i had a friend of mine running for congress last year. in a year and a half she spent campaigning, she got exactly one question about the wars. not about the afghan wars, but the wars in general. if you look at what journalists if you look at- what journalists have done, or what the cost of poor project has done, we have active combat operations in 14 different countries. we are bombing at least seven
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nations. today, as people watch this show, we to lives of people in seven different countries. and we will do it again tomorrow. just a discussion about the afghan war, it is a discussion about all the wars. what we are doing overall. just in the middle east, but now throughout africa. why this is? -- you cant there is contrast it to -- i have been told it is like during the vietnam war. the vietnam war was on every night. i think there is a real fear in much of the media to negatively speak about the war. to get into details about the war. i also think, and this is something that certain people
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talk about a lot, it is hard to plex about something com in two or three minutes or in 500 words. in a lot of our media it is framed. it is not like the show where we .ave an hour to talk this is great journalism. you have two or three minutes. i was asked by a journalist about safe havens. whether or not afghanistan is a safe haven? i started to explain that they do not need beast kinds of safe havens. how much room do you need to plan a hijacking? or you need somebody's apartment , or a backyard. you do not need much. , i cannot go into all that. that will take up too much room in a column. i think a lot of it is the fact that, once we get a narrative
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wars,-- not just with the you could probably say this about the health care, social security, or any other issue. once you get a narrative going, it is really difficult because of the way our media is set up in 2-3-minute segments or 500-600 were columns, to go back and reassess that narrative. is so much in there that we won't get to half of it. map that we will put up on the screen that shows afghanistan and where the past is.area what would you want people to know about your experience in this area? tot. hoh: going from left right. the far left is iran, afghanistan, pakistan, and then
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india. up until 75g that years ago after world war ii, there was no pakistan and india. there was only the one country ruled by the united kingdom. now over 100g back years. the border between afghanistan and india as it was at that time did not exist. it was drawn, like so much of the muslim world, so much of africa, so much of parts of asia by european diplomats. just basically drawing a line down the map. on theu have there afghanistan and pakistan border is the duran line. the idea that was from the british had gone to war three
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different times in afghanistan, never successfully, always very bloody, always a punch to the nose, they never achieve their objectives. the idea was to divide the pashtun people with the border. what you get is the pashtuns, some estimates, are the largest tribes in the world, divided by a border raid in by -- border rooted by a british -- written by a british diplomat 100 years ago. afghanistan is a country made up of many different ethnicities, different religions. you have the pashtun people who are in afghanistan, they constitute for about 40% of the afghan people. they are primary in the south and the east. what you have found over the was 40 years in particular
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that, whether it was the united states, the soviet union, or we have utilized those ethnic differences for the porpoises of -- purposes of the war. we saw this first under jimmy carter's presidency. was a national security advisor at the time. flamesa was to fan the of not just muslim unrest in the soviet union, because the soviet union at the time extended all the way down to afghanistan, to cause ethnic problems and religious unrest in the soft underbelly of the soviet union. that begins this long process of ethnic division. a division that did not exist. very similar to what happened in
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the divide in iraq did not exist. certainly not violently. the civil war that was raging in the 10 years ago until united states invaded. you can trace this back to the native americans. military hasates used a policy of paying off one ethnic group, one religious group, one tribal group against another for centuries now. the importance and understandings about the pashtun s in afghanistan constitutes for the whole of the insurgency. they constitute almost nothing of the afghan government and afghan military. thecan point and say
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president of afghanistan is pashtuns, but that is like pointing to president obama and saying that because we had a black president of the united states, we do have any racial problems in the united states or that there is not a wealth gap between blacks and whites in the u.s. because we had a black president. you had this in surgeons is completely composed of pashtuns, a guest a government and an army that was only 4% pashtun. brian: you are talking about the army of afghanistan? capt. hoh: yes. only 4% of their soldiers were pashtun. brian: in your letter 10 years ago you said the afghan government's failings when weighed against the lives were waging against the metastatic.
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the first one on the list is glaring corruption and unabashed graft. where is the corruption and who gets the graft? i wouldh: first of all say, and i think many americans who look at this would understand that the graft starts here in this country. where corporations receive the war.of the funding for the i remember when i was working reconstruction work in iraq, 40% , $.40 ondollar, so every dollar that the congress appropriated never even left the united states. overhead and management costs, it went to corporations here in the united states. the same occurs in afghanistan. everybody takes their cut. not just in a way that you would think of corruption to grease
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the wheels to make sure the machine works. this is unabashed. you can look at what we know about it. we know that billions and billions of dollars each year, in cash, are moved out of the airport. kabul we know that there are billions of dollars. if more money and cash leaves the kabul airport out of afghanistan, -- brian: where does it go? dubai, newit goes to york, local banks. brian: who is doing this? capt. hoh: everyone who is somehow connected to the war. brian: are you talking about americans? capt. hoh: no. the americans get the money isough what others would say
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corruption because that is cooked into the system. as i said, 40% of every dollar that the congress appropriates for building bridges in afghanistan stays here in the u.s. it goes for the corporation overheads. brian: do you have any idea how the physical money gets from here to kabul, then physically gets from kabul to places offshore? capt. hoh: i had this in iraq. it is very similar. myn i was in iraq running reconstruction programs, one program i had was $50 million. it was all done in cash. the most money i ever had was $26 million. andpt that in my bedroom, we paid that money out in cash. they came right from the federal was shrink wrapped in
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hundred dollar bills. you can get $6 million in your standard duffel bag. that standard green duffel bag, that fits $6 million. that money arrives in pallets in iraq, afghanistan, syria, libya, or wherever these wars are taking place. it has been moved under control of the u.s. government and has been paid out to various mechanisms, various projects, various programs, building schools, paying teachers. brian: you take some of that for yourself? capt. hoh: i never did. brian: i mean, could you? capt. hoh: absolutely. brian: did you know anybody that did? capt. hoh: yes. my predecessor in iraq left the day that i arrived. $200,000 wasd up, found in his bedroom. i took over for this guy and he
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had just pages and pages of paperwork, no pay receipts. -- because the way the wars were running. because of the desperation. because of, what other choice do you have? i inou are in iraq generic contractor, you will take whatever is coming to you. i would have moved the money up to critic stan and then gone back -- kurdistan and gone back and got the money. but looking over your shoulder all the time from the fbi or whoever. there have been a good many stories of this money showing backup it mean added states because it comes from the federal reserve. the banks know that this money should not show back up in the u.s. but it has. it shows back up around fort
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bennett, around camp pendleton, california because it is so easy to take this money. here requires a bit of work because you have to go through customs. -- if you're only going to take $40,000 or $50,000 back rather than $4 million, you will probably get away with it. the afghan side, that money, after it arrives in afghanistan and then changes hands to the afghans, and various people take their cuts, that money gets transported directly out of afghanistan. wikileaks, we know the afghan president showed up in dubai with $55 million in his suitcase. u.s. taxpayer money that he was just bringing with no repercussions. brian: you know this. why doesn't the congress know
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it? we have had john on this network many times, who is a special ig for afghanistan. he talks about this. does it seem to matter? you don't ever hear any of this stop. capt. hoh: it is very frustrating and heartbreaking. brian: let me read something you wrote in your latest piece. the idea of military success has nothing to do -- has been nothing but homicidal war propaganda trumpeted by u.s. generals, on the world's largest public relations operation, and bleated obediently by politicians and, shamefully, -- sorry about the way i am reading it, the pentagon spends almost $5 billion on recruiting. the largest public relations company in the world had annual clients ofl of its
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less than $900 million. where did you get that figure? capt. hoh: $900 million is linked in the article. it is for some public relations institute. brian: where did you get the $5 billion? capt. hoh: that is government data. that comes out of the blue book. if you go to one, you could go to the department of defense website. google what is the pentagon's budget for pentagon -- for public relations. .one of this is hidden it is well-known. what source i known -- what source i used is -- everything a source. it is sourced using u.s. government, or u.s. military data. united nations data. afghan government data.
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i am not using some far left or far right alternative media. i quote from the new york times the most there. brian: let me ask you this. i know what some people in the audience think only have these guests on. people out there are saying, ptsd has gone to this guy. to this guy. he is a left winger. he has no sense of the responsibility of the united states. what do you say to them? capt. hoh: i would say use your own brain. brian: what are your politics? what were they before you went to the marine corps? capt. hoh: i voted for bob dole in 1996. i didn't like any of my choices in 1992 so i did not vote. i voted for dole in 1996 and went into the marine corps. like mostnservative
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of my family was. at some point around 1999, 2000, i started moving more to the left. am in middle -- and now i am in many ways a socialist. in europe i would be a member of the left party. i have come to understand the world that we have to work together. i am a libertarian, so i am --inst government civilian's government surveillance. im, i are to look at what am a libertarian socialist. socialism means we are working for the benefit of the whole as opposed to individuals.
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which i believe is what capitalism is about. tom a believer that we need come together to move forward, and we have done that in the past. our best examples in this country is when we have moved forward, we have done it together. that, there is no way we can survive. when i say survive, i am talking about climate change. i am a talking about divisions in this country. the dangers about of nuclear war, which is something we hardly ever talk about. brian: let's go back to the afghanistan situation. 2019.go to february 8, here is video of the special representative of the government trying to negotiate with the taliban. is there a way to define the taliban? capt. hoh: they are not a
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monolithic organization. they are primarily pashtun groups fighting against foreign occupation and against the t in kabul. these men, their grandfathers fought originally in the 1970's. much of this goes back to conflicts and grievances that go back for decades. brian: let's watch this and give me your reaction. [video clip] weafter many conversations, have reached an agreement and principle with the taliban on a framework that would provide guarantees and enforcement mechanisms that no terrorist group, international terrorist group, or individual would be
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able to use afghanistan as an area of their control. should they be part of the future government against the united states, allies, and others. [end of video clip] brian: what is your reaction? capt. hoh: the taliban has been saying that for over 10 years. you look at the statements from that time, their supreme leader would produce statements. he would say exactly what has been said. when osama bin laden was killed in 2011, the taliban's official we respect him because he fought against the soviets, he fought against the americans, but his war was not our war. our wars in afghanistan had nothing to do with the modern. color here is the president from afghanistan from 2001-2014 -- current president
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from afghanistan from 2001-2014. i want your reaction. [video clip] >> the united states is not there because it is fighting for security. have engaged in open dialogue, the united states has a global power and is entitled to it. but we need to get the departure right. thathe fundamentals brought the united states to afghanistan, are those objectives accomplished? [end of video clip] brian: that within a month of february. capt. hoh: i am very suspect of the afghan government because the government has been propped up by the united states. the desire for the afghan government to see the united states leave is not there.
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how much does the war in afghanistan cost the american taxpayer? capt. hoh: almost $1 trillion. brian: how many people have we lost? capt. hoh: 2500, plus another 1800 or so contractors, and we are relying on the veterans affairs figures. you cannot untie the afghan and iraq wars because the money crosses over. terms of total cost you are looking at what it is going to cost. $6 trillion. according to brown university, just on debt payments on these wars, because we are paying for these wars, we are not funding these wars. they are basically being paid on a credit card. we have already spent over $700 billion just on debt payments, on interest payments. in regards to the bodily cost,
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the physical cost of the wars, when you look at suicide data from the department of veterans 9000 american soldiers and american men and women who have served in iraq and afghanistan have killed themselves since coming home from the wars. brian: how close did you come? capt. hoh: i came very close. i had the catmes in the crate and the dog was getting leashed up. get himing to my vet to dropped off and i was going to kill myself. there has been times i walked into the walmart and look at the gun i was going to use. i have been fortunate that i have not owned a weapon or else i would not be here. i have come close. brian: how do you stop from going that far? capt. hoh: there is a couple of things. one, i have professional help.
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secondly, ty cobb the crisis line. called the crisis line. have called the people dedicated to answering those calls. a number of times that called me. a number of times i called them. 2012, my first therapist was in the navy and had gone through similar experiences. that is the only reason i trusted him. if you did not carry a rifle, i will not listen to anything you said. i needed someone i could trust. he was the one that got me on the path to be able to be here with you today. r was laying on the floo broken down in 2012. i had to decide, either put that gun in your mouth today, or get help. brian: when did you get married?
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capt. hoh: we got married this past year. we have known each other since 2004. we met in the pentagon. she has been with me -- we had a saga, but she has known me since before the wars. she has been with me in so many ways. we have been back together for five years or so. yeah, she is a veteran of this war as much as i am. brian: back in 2017, here is general david protray us -- patr aius. [video clip] >> this is a generational struggle. this is not something that will be won in a couple of years. we need to be there for the long haul. we have been in korea for 65 plus years because there is an important national interest for
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that. [end of video clip] brian: we need to be there for the long haul? capt. hoh: absolutely not. this is something the general has said. our presence causes these insurgencies. for every terrorist we kill, we create 10 more. this is knowledge, well-known knowledge. when i signed up to go to afghanistan, and the general took on central command. he was in charge of the middle east for the united states military. his thoughts were that, his words were that we would seek peace and talk to the taliban just like we talk to the insurgency in iraq. what strikes me so much about the comment about korea, as we have seen what has happened in the last year and a half with north korea, it happens because we are talking to them. just like what happened in iraq 2008,he sunnis in 2007,
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all we did was start talking to them. the violence stopped. they came forward with their grievances. we said that is understandable. we worked to figure out a way past that. that is what we are seeing with toxin afghanistan. all it took was us saying, yes, we will talk to you. now there is a potential peace process. brian: i want to show you a chart. it is because of reading your stuff. one of these organizations you "world beyondd war." capt. hoh: that is exactly like it sounds. it is an organization devoted to creating a world without war. i tell you what, there is no other alternative. the u.s. census bureau is
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showing the number of bullets that this country sends over the years. if you look on the chart, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 through november. if you look at the numbers, we have been cartridges to 474 million. then it goes down the list. afghanistan is 123 million bullets. is 74. capt. hoh: this is just the example of amount of bullets. not planes, not tanks, not ships, but let's. 762 millimeter. just the amount of rounds we export as a country each year.
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subtitles iitles, use in my piece is, leaving a losing -- even a losing war makes money great it is true. the amount of money involved in these wars is what allows them to continue to go on. it is what underlines the wars. it is campaign donations to members of congress. it is think tanks that are funded by the defense industry that then go into congress and say this is what we are going to do. i met with senator bob casey's staff, pennsylvania, democrat on te committee. he has a military officer on his staff. like most members of the senate and house do. the military officer told me, you know what, seven out of 10 briefings that we get on afghanistan or iraq does not come from the cia, pentagon or
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state department, it comes from these outside think tanks. thatamerican enterprises receive millions of dollars each year from this industry. brian: i believe ryan crocker, i your reaction to this. [video clip] you'd -- >> you have to understand the pakistani perspective. we walked out on them in the early 1990's after the soviets in afghanistan. we had sloppy sanctions on them. to pakistanis are not going forget that. we have to provide some assurances that this time we are not going home. this time we are going to stay with whatever forced composition makes sense because we have vital interests at stake.
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[end of video clip] capt. hoh: that is one of the myths. this idea that we left afghanistan when the soviets did. we did not. we continued to fund various groups for over three years until the government last. we had no interest in the peace process. that led directly to the civil war and that brought about the taliban. i just heard this again recently, over the last couple of decades, the pakistani people have seen 70,000 people killed through terrorist acts. me -- it really startled me. that amount of people would be the equivalent -- we have three and a half times the size of pakistan. you're talking about 200 to 250,000 americans being killed over the same period.
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the pakistanis have very legitimate grievances. we don't acknowledge what these wars have cost them. we stayed funnies those -- funding those groups for years after they left. -- brian: here is jack king talking about this. [video clip] from 2003 2 2008, afghanistan was on a diet. we never provided adequate resources. the taliban we emerge thinking -- reemerged and gained momentum. he was able to put forces in. then obama put forces in in 2009 and 2010. short of the commanders by 25% and then pulled the forces out
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15 months later. we have never, ever gone about this thing appropriately with the right strategy and right amount of forces. [end of video clip] capt. hoh: he is one of those craving warmongers i was talking about. he has institutionalized madness. -- he is notely stating factually what occurred in afghanistan. he is on a tremendous number of awards for companies. are aware of the recent controversy of the trump administration to sell nuclear technology to saudi's without the approval of congress, the company that is involved in that, it the general founded the company. he is on many different arms companies.
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you're suggesting that he is not a good american, he is not patriotic, it is about his pocketbook? capt. hoh: absolutely. , soany people have diedm many people are living life of hell because of men like general king. we do not ignore afghanistan for all those years. we went off -- we went after that tell a ban mercilessly. we went after warlords who were china to settle decades old quarrels. he started expanding nato and afghanistan in 2006. it was only when we got to the american sector in 2008 when we put americans in. they talked about shorting the commanders by 25%. we did not have the troops to do it. obama sent 70,000
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american troops. sent 30,000 nato troops, he sent 100,000 contractors, it is 200,000 troops. he want to do believe that another 25% war would have made a difference. brian: right after your letter of resignation ended up in the front of the washington post, barack obama said the following on december the first about more troops. [video clip] we will breaka: the taliban's momentum and increase afghanistan's capacity over the next 18 months. 30,000 additional troops i am announcing tonight will the boy in the first part of 2010. the fastest possible pace so they can secure population centers. they will increase our ability to train afghan security forces, and they will help create the conditions for the united states
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to transfer responsibility to the afghans. [end of video clip] brian: 10 years later. he hadoh: at that point already sent 40,000 troops. something that was barely talked about while he was doing it. he sends all these extra troops. i was president obama was here now. if you read books like obama's wars by bob woodward, you see he is skeptical. when president obama continued to expand the war, he said, has it ever worked? they could show him where it had worked. all they did was give him small, medium, large.
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the large escalation was impossible because we do not have that many troops. doesn'tsident obama 2009 is, the smallest was 20,000 i will cut the difference 30,000 troops. i want to make sure we go over some things quickly. if people want to read your article "time for peace in afghanistan and an end to the lies." where did they go ? brian: you serve how many years and the united states marine corps? capt. hoh: 10 years. brian: you served and how many different war situations? capt. hoh: iraq twice and afghanistan once. i worked for the state department in afghanistan for a period of five months. i could not do any more than that. brian: before i forget, what is
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the white flour on your lapel? capt. hoh: most people are familiar with the red poppy that recognizes soldiers. the white poppy recognizes the death of everyone involved in combat, soldier and civilian alike. it is to remember all the losses who suffered in war. brian: how have you recovered, at what point have you recovered from ptsd, the concussion, and all that stuff? capt. hoh: i take 19 pills a day, sometimes as many as 26. the migraines, the exhaustion of being overwhelmed, mood issues, i go to therapy weekly. i have a great therapist. -- i only doary things like this when i am able to. i certainly do not work. i am 100% disabled. i can't work.
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i just a have the ability to do it full-time. after an interview like this, sitting with you for an hour, i will probably sleep 14 or 16 hours to recover. the next couple of days will be not good days for me. live by the sword, die by the sword. i am not saying this to gain sympathy, other than just to communicate so that people understand that these wars do not ever really end. that they come home and stay home with us. if we continue them, or expand -- or expand them we will have a whole new generation of young men, women, and their families and communities that are going to live through that kind of hell. brian: matthew hoh, thank you for joining us. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] \
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all q&a programs are available on our website or as a podcast at >> they on q&a. author robert carroll on his book "working, researching, interviewing, writing," that is next >> c-span's "washington journal" live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. monday morning, we discuss issue -- proposals to end washington gridlock. westhen author darrell discusses his book. be sure to watch c-span's "washington journal" live monday
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morning, join the discussion. next, british prime minister theresa may takes questions from the members of the house of commons. and then a house meeting on murdered indigenous women across the u.s. at 11:00, another chance to see "u.n. day" with matthew hoh. the british house of commons held a series of votes this week concerning brexit. maye minister theresa discussed the status of brexit and other is used. this is 40 minutes. . order. questions to the prime minister. mr. john baron. >> number one, mr. speaker. >> the prime minister. [shouting] >> mr. speaker, i'm sure the whole house want to join me in expressing our


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