tv U.S. House of Representatives Joint Meeting with NATO Secretary General CSPAN April 3, 2019 9:35pm-10:23pm EDT
address before a joint meeting of congress, where he spoke about the merits of the international alliance as it marks the 70th anniversary of its founding. the secretary-general also talked about threats from russia and gave president trump credit for pushing nato countries to spend more money on defense. from the house chamber, this is 45 minutes. the sergeant at arms: madam speaker, the secretary-general north atlantic treaty organization.
spoibs members -- the speaker: members of congress, i have the high privilege and distinct honor of presenting to you his excellency jens stoltenberg, the secretary-general of the north atlantic treaty organization. secretary-general stoltenberg: madam speaker, mr. vice president, honorable members of the united states congress, ladies and gentlemen, i am really truly honored and grateful for the privilege of
addressing you all today and to represent the 29 members of the nato alliance. 70 years ago tomorrow, nato's founding treaty was signed in this great city, and on that day, president truman said, we hope to create a shield against aggression and the fear of aggression, which will permit us to get on with the real business of government and society, the business of achieving a fuller and happier life for all our citizens. our alliance was created by people -- who have lived through two devastating world wars. they knew only too well the
horror, the suffering, and the human and material cost of war. they were determined that this would never happen again, and they were also determined to stand up to the expansion of the soviet union. which was taking control of its neighbors, crushing democracies, and oppressing their people. so they founded nate heo. -- nato with a clear purpose. to preserve peace and safeguard freedom. and with an ironclad commitment by all members of the alliance to protect each other.
they made a solemn promise, one for all and all for one. this commitment has served us well. peace has been preserved, freedom maintained. yes, allies have been involved in conflicts in different parts of the world. and allies have suffered the pain of terrorist attacks. but no nato ally has been attacked by another country. the cold war ended without a shot being fired in europe. and we have experienced an unprecedented period of peace. so the nato alliance is not only the longest lasting alliance in
history, it is the most uccessful alliance in history. ever since the founding of our treaty, our alliance in 1949, every congress, every american president, your men and women in uniform, and the people of the united states of america have been staunch supporters of nato. america has been the backbone of our alliance. it has been fundamental to european security and for our freedom. we would not have the peaceful and prosperous europe we see today without the sacrifice and the commitment of the united states. for your enduring support i thank you today.
so, nato has been good for europe. but nato has also been good for the united states. he strength of a nation is not all messaged by the size of its economy, or the number of its soldiers, but also by the number of its friends. and to nato, the united states has more friends and allies than any other power. this has made the united states stronger, safer, and more secure. madam speaker, mr. vice president, it is good to have
friends. yes, as i flew over the atlantic i looked out of my window at the ocean below. the great ocean that lies between our two continents. the atlantic does not divide us, it unites us. it binds us together. and for norwegians like me the atlantic ocean defines who we're. indeed, it was a norseman, leif the first ho was european to reach american hores.
lmost 1,000 years ago. a fact more people would know if he hadn't left so quickly and decided not to tell anyone about t. for adventures like him, the atlantic ocean was never a barrier. rather it was a great bridge to new lands and new possibilities. for millions of europeans, it has been a bridge to freedom, sanctuary, and hope. my grandparents were among them. my mother was born in paterson, ew jersey. and i lived part of my childhood
n san francisco. so this has given me a sense of kinship with this wonderful country, a kinship that has only grown throughout my life. for instance, i remember well during the cold war when i was a conscript in the nor giegian army, our forces were trained .nd equipped to hold the line that we knew we could not take on the might of the soviet union alone. norway is actually boarding the soviet union. but you also knew that we were not alone. we knew that if needed our nato allies, led by the united states, would soon be there with us. enjoyed a level of security that only our transatlantic alliance could he provide.
so thanks to nate heo, as a young man during the cold war i felt safe. -- nato, as a young man during the cold war i felt safe. that says something about the strength of our alliance. madam speaker, mr. vice resident, members of congress, at the entrance to the nato headquarters in belgium there are two monuments. one, a piece of the berlin wall. designed to keep people in and ideas out. it failed. it failed because the ideas and the values of those who built it were less compelling and less powerful
than ours. because we as nato were resolute, we stood together, and would not back down. the other monument is a twisted steel beam from the north tower of the world trade center. a memorial to the ordinary people going about their business on an ordinary day when the unthinkable happened. memorial to the 2,977 people who lost their lives on 9/11. a reminder of how all our allies stood with the united states in ts hour of need.
one monument is a symbol of freedom. the other a symbol of solidarity. both are symbols of nato, who we're and what we stand for. what so many of our brave men and women have fought for, and sometimes died for. but not in vain and not alone. the men and women of our armed forces have served together over decades. this includes also many of you in this room. in this congress, in my delegation, and i contribute to you and all those who serve in he defense of freedom. there is no higher cost than
freedom. and in these two monuments, we have seen the challenges we have overcome. we deterred the soviet union during the cold war. stopped wars and atrocities in the balkans. fought terrorism from afghanistan to the middle east. welcomed a newly free nations of central and eastern europe into our alliance, helping to spread democracy, peace, and prosperity. and nato's door remains open. this year the republic of north misdonnea signed the accession protocol, and with your support and with your support north macedonia will soon become the 30th member of our alliance. 12 hat started in 1949 with members has proven a powerful
force for peace. an alliance that others strive to join showing the historic success of nato. but as you-all know success in the past is not a guarantee of success in the future. and we have to be frank. questions are being asked on both sides of the atlantic, about the strength of our partnership. and, yes, there are differences. we are an alliance of many different nations. with different geography, history, and political parties. republicans and democrats, conservatives and lay bour, independents, greens, and many ore this is democracy.
open discussions and different views is not a sign of weakness, t is a sign of strength. so we, we should not be surprised when we see differences between our countries. today, there are disagreements , energy, such as trade climate change, and the iran nuclear deal. these are serious issues with serious disagreements, but we should remember that we have had our disagreements also before. the serious crisis in 1966, the
french withdrawal from military cooperation nato in 1966, or the iraq war in 2003 which was strongly supported by some allies and equally strongly opposed by others. the strength of nato is that despite our differences we have always been able to unite around our core task, to defend each other, protect each other, and to keep our people safe. we have overcome our disagreements in the past. and we must overcome our differences now. because we will need our alliance even more in the
future. we face unprecedented challenges, challenges no one nation can can face alone. -- nation can can can face alone. the global balance of power is shifting. the fight against terrorism is a generational fight. we have only just seen the beginning of the threat in cyber space. artificial intelligence, cloud computer, and big data could change the nature of a conflict more for the mentally than the industrial revolution. and we will need to continue to deal with a more assertive russia. in 2014 russia illegally annexed crimea. the first time in europe that one country had taken part will will -- apart by force since world war ii. we seen a pattern of russian behavior, including a massive
military buildup from the arctic to the mediterranean and from the black sea to the ball particular. the use of military -- baltic. the use of military grade nerve agent in united kingdom. support of regime in syria. consistent cyber attacks on nato allies and others targeting erything from parliament --sophisticated disinformation campaigns, and attempts to interfere in democracy itself. . nato has responded with the biggest reinforcement to our collected defense in decades. for the first time we have combated troops deployed in the east of our alliance. we have increased readiness of our forces, tripled the response of the nato force, modernized our command
structure, bolstered our cyber defenses and we have stepped up our support to our close partners, georgia and ukraine, sovereign nations with a sovereign right to choose their wn path. we do all of this, not to provoke a conflict, but to prevent the conflict and to preserve peace. not to fight but to deter. not to attack but to defend. there is no contradiction between the defense and dialogue. we do not want to isolate russia. we strive for a better relationship with russia.
but even without a relationship, we still need to manage a difficult one. so we need to talk and we do talk. to reduce risks, to avoid incidents, accidents, and miscalculations. we also need dialogue in order to work for arms control. my generation was shaped by the deployment of thousands of missiles in the 1980's, missiles capable of killing millions of people in moments. thanks to the vision and leadership of president reagan and premiere gorbachev put an nd to all these weapons. but today they are back. russia has deployed new
missiles in europe. they are mobile, hard to detect, nuclear capable, cut the warning time to just minutes and reduced the threshold for the use of nuclear weapons in an armed conflict. nato's position is united and clear. russia is in violation of the i.m.f. treaty. there are no new american missiles in europe but there are new russian missiles. i continue to call on russia to return to compliance with the reaty. but so far russia has taken no steps to do so and time is running out.
we do -- we do not want a new arms race. we do not want a new cold war. but we must not be naive. an agreement that is only respected by one side will not keep us safe. also must we prepare for a world without the i.n.f. treaty. we will be measured and coordinated. we will not mirror what russia is doing. nato has no intention of deploying land-based nuclear missiles in europe, but nato will always take the necessary steps to provide credible and ffective deterrence.
madam speaker, mr. vice president, the fight against terrorism also demands our collected efforts. the attacks on 9/11 made that clear. nato's response to those attacks was swift. within 24 hours and for the first and only time in our story, we invoked article 5, the collective defense calls an armed attack against one should be considered an attack against all. so 9/11 was not only an attack on the united states but against all nato allies. ithin days, nato aircraft were patroling american skies. in the wake of 9/11, nato soldiers went to fight side-by-side in afghanistan. to prevent that country from for ecoming a safe haven terrorists who could attack
here at home. over the years, hundreds of thousands of troops from europe and canada have served in afghanistan. over 1,000 have paid the ultimate price. and many more have been seriously wounded. we honor their service and their sacrifice. nato remains in afghanistan today to fight terrorism and to train afghan forces. our goal is not to stay there forever. we should not stay any longer than is necessary. we went in together. we will decide our future presence together.
and when the time comes, we will leave together. nato fully supports the peace process. it must pave the way for afghan reconciliation. there can only be peace if afghanistan stays free from international terrorists. and for peace to be sustainable, it must build on our achievements. nato has created the conditions for social and economic progress, bringing education and human rights to women and girls. their rights must be preserved. nato is not only fighting terrorism in afghanistan but also part of the global
coalition to remove isis. the coalition has made remarkable progress. once isis controlled the area roughly the size of virginia. and they imposed their twisted ideology on millions. they beheaded people, burned people alive, and traded women as sex slaves. we should never forget their brutality. and thanks to american leadership and our collected effort, we have stopped this brutality and millions of people have been liberated. but our work is not done. that is why nato is stepping up our training of iraqi forces so they can better defend their country and make sure isis can never return.
this is also why nato supports our partners in the middle east and north africa. helping them to build up their intelligence services, border security, cybersecurity, and special operation forces. training local forces and building local capacity are among the best weapons we have in the fight against terrorism. prevention is better than ntervention. madam speaker, mr. vice president, some of you here today will -- have been affected by terrorism. you may have lost friends and loved ones. you know the reality of terrorism. i know it too. i was prime minister of norway .n the 22nd of july, 2011
a date that will live in infamy n the history of my country. that day a terrorist detonated a bomb outside my office, killing eight people and injuring many more. where went to an island young people were enjoying a summer camp. he killed further 69 people. most of them teenagers with their whole lives ahead of them. it was the darkest day in norway since the second world war. it was the darkest day of my life. terrorism comes in many forms.
some perpetrators misuse religion. others misuse political ideology. they claim to be difficult from each other, fighting for different causes, but they are all the same. they believe in hatred, violence, and killing innocent men, women, and children. they are nothing more than cowards. terrorists attack our freedom, our values, and our way of
life. our answer must be more openness and more democracy. our values will prevail. freedom will prevail over oppression. tolerance over intolerance, and love will always prevail over hate. i see this in the flowers laid outside the mosques in christchurch, new zealand. i see this in the lives led by the young survivors of the attacks in norway. and see this in new york washington, two cities that
were not intimidated, not defeated, but is stronger than the horror of that september morning. madam speaker, mr. vice strong t, nato is a alliance, but to remain a strong alliance, nato must be a fair alliance. in an ideal world, we would not need to spend any money on defense, but we do not live in an ideal world. freedom has enemies, and they need to be deterred. hitler could not have been purpose.ith peaceful stalin could not have been
deterred with words. isis could not have been defeated with dialogue. future enemies of freedom may choose violence again. our desire for a peaceful world is simply not enough. we must act and invest to make it so. nato allies must spend more on defense. this has been the clear message from president trump and this message is having a real impact.
of the years of reducing defense budgets, all allies have increased a defense spending. before they were cutting billions, now they are adding billions. in just the last two years, european allies and canada have spent an additional $41 billion on defense. by the end of next year that figure will rise to $100 billion. this is making nate heo stronger. that money will allow us to invest in new capabilities our armed forces need, including advanced fighter aircraft,
attack helicopters, missile defense, and surveillance drones. this is good for europe and it's good for america. america's nato allies provide important capabilities, including tens of thousands of intelligence personnel and cyber experts. giving the united states better eyes and ears where you need them, from tracking submarines in the arctic, to taking down the cyber networks of isis. and europe provides the u.s. with a platform to project power around the world. last year, i was in fort worth, texas. so many nato allies working together to produce next
generation strike fighter aircraft. nato has always had the technological edge to keep that edge, we must innovate and capitalize on the ingenuity of our industries and our guess minds on both sides of the atlantic. this will continue to provide us with advanced capabilities. and create jobs in the united tates, canada, and europe. so our transatlantic bond is not just about security, it is also about prosperity. it is not by chance that article 2 of the washington treaty encourages economic collaboration between our nations. europe and america have long been by far each other's largest trading partners. creating millions of jobs on
both sides of the atlantic. generating more than $3 billion a day in trade, injecting trillions of dollars into our economies. there is more wealth, greater health, better education, and more happiness thanks to the bond between our two continents. madam speaker, mr. vice president, the ultimate xpression is that we stand together. fight together, and sometimes ie together. i have visited arlington national cementtary to pay tribute to all those american soldiers who have given their lives. many of them in defense of europe. two world wars and the cold war
made it clear how important america is to the security of europe. and equally that peace and stainlt in europe is important -- stability in europe is important to the united states. our alliance has not lasted for 70 years out of a sense of nostalgia or sentiment. nato lasts because it is in the national interest of each and every one of our nations. one her we represent billion people. we're half of the world's economic might and half of the world's military might. when we stand together, we're stronger than any potential challenger, economically, politically, and militarily.
we need this collective strength because we will face new threats and we have seen so many times before how difficult it is to predict the future. we were not able to predict the fall of the berlin wall, the 9/11 attacks, or the rise of isis, or russia's illegal annexation of crimea. since we can cannot foresee the not foresee the future we have to prepare for the unforeseen. we need a strategy to deal you with uncertainty, we have one. that strategy is nato.
a strong and agile nato reduces risks and enables us to deal with surprises when they happen, and they will happen. nato is the most successful alliance in history because we have always been able to change as the world changes. and because despite our differences, we're united in our commitment to each other. nato is an alliance of sovereign nations, united by democracy, liberty, and the rule of law. by a person's right to live a life in pursuit of happiness, free from oppression, values that lie at the heart of the united states and at the heart of nato. as president eisenhower nato's first supreme allied commander
said, we're concerned not only with the protection of territory, but with the defense of a way of life. europe and north america are not separated by the atlantic ocean, we're united by it. and just like atlantic, nato unites our continents, our nations, and our people. it has done so for 70 years. and today we must do everything in our power to maintain that unity for future generations because come what may we're stronger and safer when we stand together. madam speaker, mr. vice president, it is good to have friends. thank you.
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is more relevant today than ever. nonpartisan coverage by your satellite or cable provider. c-span is your unfiltered view of government see you can make up your own mind. , historiank on q&a douglas brinkley talks about his book "american moonshine, john f. kennedy and the great space race." >> he goes back to fdr. he thought his new deal was too big. dambuilt the grand coulee and eisenhower had the highway system. what i admire is he picked technology. the computer chip as we think of it today developed in the late 1950's.
modern aviation starts kicking and -- in. is elected, there are no computer science classes, but by the time he was assassinated, they were everywhere. more, are flying more and hub airports developed across the country. the space age ends kennedy grabbed onto it and made that the cornerstone of his new frontier. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span's q&a. on wednesday members of the house judiciary committee voted along party lines to author rise a subpoena of robert mueller's report on russian interference during the 2016 election. the move was in response to