tv Conference on the Americas - Mexican Foreign Affairs Secretary CSPAN May 15, 2019 5:08am-5:38am EDT
those are things we wanted to focus on. ♪ announcer: to watch all the winning entries, go to studentcam.org. at the state department mexico's foreign affairs secretary and acting secretary spoke at the annual conference on the americas. u.s.-mexicoabout trade, immigration, and border security. this part of the conference is just under one hour.
>> good afternoon. thank you for that insightful conversation. we shift our gaze to our southern neighbors, mexico. have the real privilege of introducing our next speaker of the afternoon. the secretary of foreign affairs of mexico. the secretary wilkie dress the evolving nature and strategic importance of the mexican relation. the mexican government's , and if you does not address it i will ask can come in mexico's relationship with other partners in the hemisphere. there is so much riding on the many of these issues today. a stronger and more tightly
integrated u.s.-mexico relationship has the potential to underwrite prosperity across hemisphere. and theu.s. mca investment securities it provides the investment community, north america can can can you to be the engine of growth for economies all over the world. furthermore, with a strong usmca we can become, north america can be, the most competitive region in the world. this is a historic moment for the mandate for social progress and inclusive growth that president lopez is to fulfill. secretary, we are honored to have the with us today to convey how mexico is leveraging its foreign policies to achieve its promises of a better and stronger mexico. i know you travel all the time because you are always in the
air. pleaseand gentlemen, join me in welcoming the secretary of foreign affairs of mexico. [applause] >> thank you very much. the opportunity to share with you ideas about mexico and the future of our country and the relationship with the united states, canada, and the countries of the hemisphere. mexico is being governed by the left. think that our our
program would extend, accelerate ant, increase taxes, or make atmosphere of hostility about businesses, private sector, or non-north american vision about the future. those were thed main picture. that is not the case. the main goals? the first one is about corruption. corruption is the main goal for is a leftist idea.
let me explain why it is important to mexico. , these mexico corruption intimate link to the privileged assignedll the systems by privilege. elections, 2000, 2012, and other years. we have different parties govern the country. we have the same privileged system. it is really interesting, mexico we expected in when we have free elections and change between parties that corruption would be reduced in the first years, but that didn't happen. so, corruption is about
privilege. reason thatain explains why mexico can have the , it is law that we want the first step to force the economy and accelerate innovation in the country and make a more competitive country. corruption is the first goal for mexico for those reasons. goal, is not just another it is the most important one. explains why the people choose -- povertynd goal is about
. let me say in other words it is the idea that it is going to have50 or 60 years the opportunity to be the middle class in our country. 52 million people in poverty. same trendsain the in the country, they are going to spend more than four years in toer to have the opportunity be as a part of the middle class in my country. it is the other main goal of our country is about reduce poverty as fast as we can. to open new hope for the people,
when mexico signed the nafta agreement in the 1990's. we need to open another process in mexico to give them an opportunity. health system, education system, access to the internet. the third goal is about how can we force the current growth? to our to add value economy, we need innovation, we need to solve old problems, we need to use new tools, new ideas in order to increase our capacity to add value. is that possible? sure, but we need to do more markets. wait for the
not if -- the old debate. we have a current vision about the future, invest more money the future ofn our country with a common vision about technology, innovation. we have an idea that mexico can grow faster than 2% like in the past 20 years. the fourth goal is about safety. we are not going to have safety if we haven't solved the previous three issues: corruption, access to change in our society, and
faster economic growth. now towe started to have organize a national guard with approach to strong reorganize mexico to have a general attorney with independence from the government , from the executive branch. we expect we can do that, and we should do that. to show it is more effective than the old system. , those for a mean change to the vision of our country we have had in mexico over the past four decades.
time to have an opportunity to change this that has prevailed in mexico for almost 40 years. that is the meaning for the leftist core change in mexico. someone says, those are leftist ideas. whatever that means. the problem about those four goals right now. our reproach about the north american region, well, bc with optimism -- we see with optimism the future of the region. severaling to have fields for competitiveness in other countries in the region.
there are several. we maintain an optimistic point of view about the future. we want to join the north american point of view. i know that can be very difficult sometimes. assign something like that in the next elections, so we need to rethink in the this idea.40 years that is why we are here. we are working with canada, the u.s., and our partners in the pacific alliance in order to work together. it makes sense. we have several opportunities like never before. those are our points of view. an overview about them. thank you again for your attention. thank you.
[applause] thank you, mr. secretary. i will start by asking you a question and then maybe open it to the audience. pacificioned the alliance. i thought it would be interesting to hear your view on the importance of the pacific alliance going forward for mexico. sec. ebrand: we are going to a meeting the next day in mexico city with my partners, the foreign minister and economy minister, in order to accelerate the works around the pacific alliance. that is very important for mexico. it is a top priority right now to accelerate the work on the atmosphere,ance which is i should say also very
productive. be of the tables you want to in order to work with others. >> you have been incredibly with your, along president, on development in the south of mexico and the importance of investment and development in the northern triangle to stem this awful .mmigration challenge so, maybe you could expand on that. by the way, i personally believe we should open our borders. sec. ebrand: we think in the mexico is growing in terms of population slowly. 1.1% maybe next year. honduras is one of the poorest
countries. think that we should pay more attention to the development of those countries, and included them as far as we can in our design for the south of the country. the south of the country so important for the mexican government? you have there the poorest parts of the country. partmentioned, the largest of our indigenous communities. we are going to have several investments there. there are several problems there which has already started. pair thoseng to investments with the north triangle. nationshe united
commission to prepare a plan, and they are going to present in order to follow the plan and force the economic development of the area. susan: any questions from the audience? if not i will continue to ask questions. right here. identify yourself. you aboutwant to ask mexico's position regarding venezuela. it is quite ambiguous. mexico rightly claims nonintervention. isn't nonintervention just a way of doing nothing and supporting duro and a dictatorship because it is from the left? sec. ebrand: i'm going to leave
our constitution. we have a tradition. let me explain what is nonintervention. was the mexican 1930'son in the to avoid recognition as a political weapon to obtain things from the country in a relationship with another country. you have difficulties between two governments or civil wars. we have this mandate in the constitution. it is not a superficial issue. it is about whether the constitution allow you to do or not to do. this is not to say we are not going to have any position. a position. we need a democratically and --
a democratic and specific proposed by several countries to organize an agenda with a time period a gree and to have a review on processes and several important issues. we propose this idea in a different point of view from those who support the intervention idea of military intervention, which would be a great mistake i think, for the people who expect the regime is going to be defeat only by sanctions or just to wait for a division between the army.
there are two strategies. is what i have described just before. is to make what was proposed in the 1980's and 1990's, which is dialogue. to have an international imperative about those dialogs and results from the dialogs. there are two different ideas in order to solve the conflict. nots not to say we are here, we do not have a position. by the way, i came from the left but we are a democratic people. we have committed with human rights and freedom. there is not cooperation with the maduro regime. thank you.
>> hi. on the issue of immigration, president trump continues to threaten mexico one day come in the next day on twitter and try to say mexico decides whatever he says about it is doing the dirty work on immigration for the u.s. keeping the central americans and mexican territory and trying them to cross the international breaches to come to the u.s. to ask for siloed. -- ask for asylum. hasamerican government never been clear on what you guys are doing or what you
discussed with the trunk government. -- trump government. can you please explain what exactly are you working with the u.s. government? sec. ebrand: there are two different approaches about immigration issues. very different. quite different, i should say. as far as you have different approaches, you have tensions. if you don't have tensions, so -- there are similar profes. there are no concerns. if you have tweets every day, recently that we have different points of view. the facts are you have more people coming to the united states from central america. that's true. you have the reports. he figures are public.
we defend not exactly what the difference -- we are not in favor of open doors. no border policy in the case of mexico. this is not because of the united states. this is because of the law. you need to register each person who enters mexico today, by the current law. but we are not going to put those people, migrants, on the criminal side just because they want to move. this is the difference. the main one. we are talking all the time with u.s. authorities. migration is a great issue etween mexico and the united states the past at least 40 years. we present our points of view.
our points of view to the united states mainly it decreasemake sense to aid to central america when you have increased flows to the united states because the united states has a good economic situation. which is not the case in central america. >> should i ask you in spanish or english? in eppinglish. ok. - english? i was wondering if mexico is willing to support actions regarding the persecution of people linked with the maduro regime. according to our
investigations, there are many eople linked with crimes against humanity trying to hide themselves, trying to see mexico among many other places as a safety haven and trying to use this neutrality, or leverage on this neutrality policy. to my mind, as desmond tutu said, when you are neutral in situations of oppression, you choose the side of the oppressor. i was wondering and there are many specific cases i can talk to about one. i was selected by a former major of a district elected in mexico. i don't know if you guys are going to do something about it. hanks. >> the mexican position is not
about no position. we have a position. we present our idea and our proposal with 15 countries o have a dialogue. excuse me. i listened to you. thank you. we are talking with mr. guaido and also the regime. with the same position. you need to speak to each other. it is important to reach an agreement, to start with maybe little things. if you are asking me if mexico neutrality position, which i explained is not the case, llows someone from foreigner to have a legal -- of course
not. if there is any kind of illegal activity from venezuela or other countries, we are going o present charges. >> i would like to ask one last uestion and end on mexico. because then we have to end. your ambassador is doing a great job. the private sector is very enthusiastic about usmca getting approved in the united states congress. in your mind as you said in mexico, what is your greatest hope for walking down the path of getting this approved in mexico, canada, and the u.s.? we let's just say that expect and we have worked eally hard to convince our
congress to ratify the usmc. or -- nafta two or whatever. the more optimistic wonder for us is to have a different step towards this future in order to increase the value of our economy and to fulfill more productive ties with the united states economy. the industry in mexico is growing very fast. or medical services. or our capacity to increase in the short term. o close the gap in several
fields in coalition with the united states is not about commercial trade. it is about something more sophisticated. >> for north america? with that mr. secretary, i want to thank you for flying from mexico to be with us today and for your comments on so many issues that are important in the relationship between the united states and mexico, but most importantly, your vision of development and your vision for north america. thank you very much. [applause]