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  President Trump Marks 50th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing  CSPAN  July 19, 2019 3:30pm-3:57pm EDT

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if you want more information on members of congress, order c-span's congressional directory come available online at c-span store.org. theident trump today marked 50th anniversary of the apollo moon landing mission. at the white house, he welcomed two of the original three astronauts and the son of the late neil armstrong. in addition to talking about apollo 11, the president, done on recent remarks about democratic house members. this is about 25 minutes. trump: i love the media. i love the media. 80% of the time. thank you very much. tomorrow is a very big day, because tomorrow will represent 50 years from the time we
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planted a beautiful american flag on the moon. achievement an considered one of the great achievements ever. and we are going a lot further now. we are going to the moon and then to mars and importantly, all you folks know from the standpoint of defense, it is so important. we are going to be doing the space force. i assume you are all in favor of the space force. i would be very surprised if you weren't. we are going to be doing the space force. we are very close to getting that completed and operated and it is going to be very exciting. so a lot of things are happening. we have with us buzz aldrin, who has been an incredible gentleman. i have known him for years, long time, we have been friends for a long time, just a fantastic, fantastic man, and michael collins, you all know flu apollo
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11 overhead, aldrin and .rmstrong walked on the moon and you have rick armstrong, his these are incredible space families, these are incredible men, and honestly, i have gotten to know some of the women in the family. these are great women, great nes. and frankly great ge but tomorrow is a big day, tomorrow was a day where 50 years, we also have jim bridenstine and jim is the head of nasa, as you know, and nasa has done a whole different, is a whole different thing. jim bridenstine is somebody that, everybody wanted that job, his love of space is unparallel, mike spent -- mike pence and
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myself felt very strongly about jim, we gave him the job and he has surpassed any of our expectations. having rich guys use nasa and pay it back, i like that so we don't have to put up so much money. you have what -- you have been watching a lot of rich guys put up rockets, that goes to our credit and that goes to their credit also, but we like it. we opened up our field. when we took it over their world covered with grass and they were broken, if you look at canada -- if you look at kennedy, if you look down in florida, whatever you want to look, it was not a pretty picture. there were almost, you could say abandoned. now they are in tip top shape and rockets are going up all the time, and we would actually lease rockets from russia and other country, but from russia, to send people out. and we appreciate the whole relationship with russia, but we
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well be doing it ourselves. we are in a position we haven't been in for many, many years. space, to me, is important for defense, and offense, i guess you could say. but space is very important to me. it is not just about going to the moon and going to mars, because we don't know what we are going to find on mars but it is certainly a trip that is going to be very interesting. to get to mars, you have to land on the moon, they say. going directly, without landing on the moon, is that a possibility? we use -- >> we use the moon is a proving ground. because when we go to mars, we are going to be there for a very long time. president trump: how long a trip to mars? >> about a seven month journey there. the challenges that the earth and mars are only on the same side of the sun for 26 months. so we have to be prepared to stay on mars for a long time. we prove that on the moon, then go to mars. president trump: what happens if you miss the timing? they are in deep trouble. you don't want to be on the
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ship. >> you come back and try again. that's a longp: time. how do you feel about? >> mars direct. president trump: it seems to me mars direct. who knows better than these people? they have been doing this stuff for a long time. what about the concept of mars direct? >> the challenge is if we go direct to mars, there is going to be a lot of things we haven't yet proven. we need to think about this. we need to use the resources of another world and own -- in order to live and work for long periods of time. thatoon has water and ice we discovered in 2009. water and ice, it represents air to breathe in water to drink. it is also rocket fuel. and mr. available,
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president, that is a market, and available market where some of these commercial guys are interested in going to the moon utilize that resource for their own stays on the moon. they could before tourism. it could before resources. trump: they haven't landed that close to the portion of the moon you talking about? >> that's correct. in the apollo era we landed in the equatorial region. from 1969 until 2009, many people believed the moon was bone dry. now we know there is hundreds of millions of tons of water. we need to learn how to use it so we can live and work, and that gives us the opportunity to go to mars. president trump: so you feel landing on the moon first and figuring it out and getting ready to launch, and you really feel launching from the moon to mars? >> the best way to think about it is, we learn how to live and work on the moon, but we launch
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to mars from a space station that we have in orbit around the moon, a space station we called gateway, which gives us access to the moon but ultimately becomes the deep say -- the deep space transport that takes us to mars. with a gateway, we will have more access to more parts of the solar system with humans than we could have otherwise, because from the mood it is easy, the moon gravity well is smaller than earth. president trump: jim bridenstine was a great congressman. he was with me most of the time, not all of the time. it was not that easy it decision. that's ok. you know what i am talking about. and ultimately, once i got to know him and he got to know me, it was a different ballgame. you have done a fantastic job. and you love it. and more portly, he loves it. and he is doing very well with mike. where my? mike, come forward. tell me what you think of the
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.ob jim is doing, nasa is doing what you think of the jobs they are doing? vice president pence: thank you, mr. president. i share your enthusiasm for our nasa administrator, jim bridenstine. practicetting into your vision of reviving american leadership in human space exploration. to be able to be here in the oval office with you and the first lady, with buzz aldrin, mike collins, and the family of neil armstrong as we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the apollo 11 mission is very humbling for me. i thank you for your leadership. you have revived the national space council, you asked us to lead it and we have really revived american leadership in space. we are launching a space forced to make sure we can defend this nation and the outer reaches of
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space, because of your leadership i know everyone gathered here, these families, these astronauts, are excited to know that within the next year, we will be able to return american astronauts to space on american rockets from american soil. and that is all a result of your leadership. [applause] you couldtrump: maybe just hold up your hands so the media could see, the family of neil armstrong, where is our family? hold up your hands. they are all sort of one family, but i want you to do it. buzz, just introduce your family. >> that's your family. [laughter] hawaii toly is from florida to los angeles.
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president trump: do you have any questions? ask onee go, i want to question of either mike or jim. private guys, wealthy guys are spending a lot of money with you right now. a lot. i assume they are using the facilities, they are leasing the facilities, they are paying money to set up the rockets, you can charge them so much, and they like rockets. thank god i don't like rockets that much. i like it the way we are doing it. i also like it the way they are doing it. how much of the work that you are doing is privately-financed, and whether it is bezos, i could name many, ok, there are many involved. how much of the work you are doing is private versus government-funded? >> right now on the international space station, we are commercially resupplying the space station by buying service from these commercial providers who have invested their own
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money, because they are looking for a market, they are looking for business that is not necessarily us. which means our costs go down and our access goes up. that is resupplied to the international space station. to we are doing commercial the international space station, and the value is this. this is a public-private partnership where we are going to have the opportunity in the future to have nasa be one customer of many customers in a very robust marketplace in lower orbit, or the costs go down, access goes up, but we also want to make sure, this is important, we have numerous providers competing against each other on cost and innovation read and as they compete, our costs will go down and access goes up read the goal in, we want more access to space than ever before. that is ultimately how we are going to go to the moon. that is how we are going to get to mars, and there are markets out there that are not nasa. that is a good thing for our country.
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president trump: what about our defense industry? technology a lot of the department of defense takes advantage of, and that goes back to alan shepard launching into space. he launched on an icbm. there is a lot of back-and-forth between what nasa does for science and technology and what the department of defense does for the national security interests of the country. but i have been very public about it, the united states air force is an amazing institution. the challenges to their budget are pretty steady, and yet the greatest threats that the air force deals with are in space and cyberspace. these are areas where the air force is going to run out of capacity from a national security perspective. we need to take that element and create a separate space force where we can organize and equip a cadre of professionals that keep us space from that keep us
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safe from a space perspective. we would have more opportunity to explore space than we otherwise would. president trump: fantastic job. michael collins flew apollo 11. what is the difference, that was a long time ago, without an what they are doing today, because you are breast of what they are doing today? advancedole system has . we are talking a minute ago about private funds. i think that is wonderful. the more the merrier. musk and bezos, money out of is all oneocket, it lump as far as i am concerned. maybe the budget or stone agree, but i think it is the more the merrier, private funds, appropriated funds, we need them both. let's go with both. president trump you like that whole concept? >> yes. president trump: do you see a tremendous advancement from
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apollo 11? the propulsion system to come back to earth, i had never seen that before. we use them again, i guess. that was unthinkable a long time ago. yes, that was one-shot and in afell into the ocean tremendous waste of five good rocket motors for every saturn five that you sent up. that's the most dramatic new idea, the reusability. how many things in our life to we use once and throw away? too many. maybe that reusability doctrine could be more widespread and the rest of our economy. president trump: very good point. tents: missnt -- vice president pence: mr. president, you signed the directive to go to the moon is one of the first acts of the
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administration. but this president has also taken action to streamline regulations for private space exploration. the president's vision is that we will continue to have american leadership in space. some of that will come from nasa, some of that will come as a part of our national defense, that much of that will come by unleashing the entrepreneurial energy of american space entrepreneurs, and all of it represents what i know all the families are excited about, renewed american leadership in human space exploration, and it all comes through articulating and putting into practice your visions, mr. president. trump: thank you very much, mike. you have been watching the space program closely, and what a career you have had come great careers. what would you say? >> i've been disappointed in the last 10, 15 years. we were able to achieve so much, maybe because of conflicts in southeast asia we had to
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terminate apollo. they did and moved on in other directions, but in the last 50 years we had a rocket, saturn five, and it took a command spacecraft, and the lunar module, but we all went together and we got into the lander and we landed. and we came back. we have the number one rocket right now in the u.s., and we have the number one spacecraft, and they cannot get into lunar orbit with significant maneuvering capability. that's a great disappointment. president trump: how do you feel about that, jim? >> we are working on it. the soviet orion space capsule, we needed to go to the mood in five years.
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but we are there. the gateway is going to attach to a small module and orbit around the moon, think of it as a small space station, and that is going to give us that maneuvering capability to go out of lunar orbit and backup to a lander. those of the pieces of the architecture we are working on. president trump: [no audio] >> yes, sir. the other real benefit of space is the inspiration it provides for all the kids out there, not just the u.s., but around the world, to focus on achieving their dreams, studying science
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and math and engineering, and i have heard from so many people who have said, i was inspired to be what i am because of what i saw in the apollo program. tremendous. that is i think we need more of that. i'm really hoping that days like that, and help do with the increased activity in space we are all talking about here, will all help that. president trump: you have a great family. thank you very much. and we are bringing the glamour back to it, because it lost the glamour, it lost everything. if you would have seen these fields when we took over, it was unbelievable, it looked like an abandoned town, and now there is beauty, there is beauty, and there is a lot of things happening, a lot of great things are happening so we are really proud of that. thank you all very much.
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we appreciate it. thank you. [indiscernible] you shut down a drone yesterday. there is no doubt about that, right? president trump: no, we shut it down. i'm behind a desk in the oval office, but john, john bolton, are you there? >> there is no question this was in a rainy and drown. the uss boxer took it out, as the president announced, because it posed a threat to the ship and crew. it was entirely the right thing to do. a are you concerned about broader conflict with iran? president trump: not at all. we have the greatest people, greatest equipment, greatest ships, most deadly ships, we don't want to have to use them but they are the most deadly ships ever conceived, and we hope for their sake they don't do anything foolish. if they do, they will pay a
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price like nobody has ever paid a price. were not you said you unhappy about that chant, but the chant was repeated. president trump: you know what i am unhappy with? thata happy with the fact a congresswoman can hate our country. i'm unhappy with the fact that a congresswoman can say anti-semitic things. i'm unhappy with the fact that a congresswoman, in this case a different congresswoman, can call our country and our people garbage. that is what i am unhappy with. those people in north carolina, that stadium was packed, it was a record crowd, and i could have filled it 10 times, as you know. those are incredible people. those are incredible patriots. but i'm unhappy when a congresswoman goes and says, i am going to be the president's nightmare. she is going to be the president's nightmare. she is lucky to be where she is, let me tell you, and the things
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that she has said are a disgrace to our country. thank you, very much. -- rocky is a situation in sweden. sweden is a great country. they are friends of mine, the leadership, and we are going to be calling, talking to them, we have already started. and many, many members of the african-american community have called me, friends of mine, and said, could you help? asap personally don't know rocky, but i can tell you he has tremendous support from the african-american community in this country, and when i say african-american, i can say really from everybody in this country, because we are all one. i have been called by so many people asking me to help asap rocky. the one who knew about asap rocky was our first lady, right?
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she was telling me about asap rocky. working on low statement on that? >> i will be working with this state department and we hope to get him home soon. president trump: we had a very good relationship with sweden, as you know, we've had a very good relationship in sweden, so that is pretty much it. thank you, all, very much. [shouted questions] hopefully we are in good shape on the debt ceiling. i can't imagine anybody even thinking about using the debt ceiling as a negotiating wedge. when i first came into us of -- into office i asked about the debt ceiling, and i certainly understand that the highest-rated credit ever in history and the debt sailing, and i said, i remember, to senator schumer and nancy pelosi, would everybody -- would anybody ever use that to negotiate with? and they said, absolutely not,
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that is a sacred element of our country. they can't use the debt ceiling to negotiate. i don't forget, president obama, during his eight years, he created, he doubled the debt. you take every president, every president prior to president obama, he then took it and doubled the debt, over $10 trillion. $10 trillion with a t, not a bee, not one million, not one billion, president obama put $10 trillion and doubled the debt. it went from $10 trillion to $20 trillion and some even went above $20 trillion. so it is attributed to him. whether you start talking about using the debt ceiling as a wedge to negotiate or things toldthey want, they have me very strongly they would never use that. that is a very, very sacred thing in our country, the debt ceiling. we can never play with it. so i would have to assume we are in great shape.
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but just remember also, the previous administration doubled the debt in our country. you take all of the presidents that came before, doubled the debt. pretty big statement, and certainly it's a big statement to be talking about for that party to be talking about using the debt ceiling. and i don't think they are. it has been mentioned, but i don't think they are, i don't think anybody would want to play that card. johnson says he is going to be the new british prime minister. what you think? president trump: i like him, i like boris johnson. i spoke to him yesterday. i think he's going to do a great job. were going to have a great relationship. they have done a very poor job with brexit. the previous prime minister has done a very bad job with exit. what can i say? it's a disaster. it shouldn't be that way. i think boris will straighten it out. i like boris johnson. i always have. he is a different kind of a guy, but they say i'm a different kind of a guy, we get along well.
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i think we will have a great relationship. thank you. -- ongoing tension? trump: ongoing tension between japan and korea, yes. have any things do i have to get involved in? i'm involved in north korea, i'm involved with so many different things. trade deal, great great deal, with south korea. but he tells me they have a lot of friction going on now with respect to trade, primarily with respect to trade, trade deal, gt great deal, with south and japas some things south korea wants, and he asked me to get involved, so maybe if they would both want me to, it's like a full-time job, getting involved between japan and south korea. but i like both leaders, i like president moon,, and you know how i feel about prime minister abe, very special guy also. so if they need me up there, hopefully they can work it out, but they do have tension, there is no question about it. trade tension, ok?
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thank you. [shouted questions] >> thank you, very much. thank you. >> president trump wasn't the 11'sone marking apollo 50th anniversary. a number of representatives spoke on the health floor. -- on the house floor. here is a short portion of those remarks. as chairwoman of the committee on science, space, and technology, it's an honor to stand before you today to celebrate the 50th anniversary of apollo 11. the morning of july 16, 1969, neilst