tv Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People Deutsche Welle December 3, 2017 5:30am-6:00am CET
one of the worst war crimes in europe after nine hundred forty five now the u.n. war crimes tribunal in the dutch city of the hague has sentenced bosnian serb military chief. to life in prison agitated and apparently showing no signs of remorse right come a lot of resisted the verdict until the very end after a trial that had dragged on for years judges found the former general guilty of genocide as the. one example of bosnia herzegovina is a violent legacy is the fate of earth mean use of footage not only was neighbor pitted against neighbor as the former yugoslavia split apart over one hundred thousand landmines are still buried there literal scenes of general milat of his crimes while they're ongoing efforts to clear them many people have been killed or like or mean have suffered life changing injuries. participating in sports has helped their mean you're so full of it resume a normal life he's
a paralympic volleyball player ten years ago he stepped on a land mine and lost the lower part of his right leg is. sitting volleyball has become like a way of life for me and not only provides an outlet for all the negative energy and thoughts it's also an opportunity for me to meet my friends. and of course it helps me stay fit so i benefit physically mentally and emotionally emotive to. the club named the sons of bosnia was set up after the war for those maimed in the fighting or in landmine accidents. yousuf a bitch has been selected to play for bosnia-herzegovina as national paralympic team his twin brother are mean and the entire family support him they all live together and have turned their land into a small farm they also keep bees pulling together has helped the family to cope with. after my accident i struggle to accept what had happened.
just two years before his accident his brother also stepped on a landmine he was badly injured but doctors were able to save his arms and legs. the beautiful bosnian landscape is full of hidden dangers hundreds of thousands of unexploded mines are strewn across the country the family's land wasn't cleared of mines until years after amien lost his leg his brother our main was the first on the scene. if you really had first i saw only a huge cloud of black smoke so i ran up there right away then. my uncle came up from the potato field a short while later. and together we managed to drag her main away from there before that of a little kid with unconscious a. yes and covered in blood i mean was taken to the hospital it was a miracle that he survived. land mines and other unexploded ordnance left from
the war continue to kill and maim bosnian civilians even though the country has the best mine clearance experts in europe say odd ronna clears mines for a living he briefs his team in the capital sarajevo for the day's mission. but of all the while we've been given the g.p.s. coordinates for an unexploded mortar shell that. they head up into the mountains around sarajevo bosnian and serb forces spent nearly four years here fighting a brutal war of attrition more than two decades later the region is still very dangerous. we had a accidents where they expect that the that well but going through. it but their failure. they make their way through land mines and unexploded mortar shells the work isn't easy even g.p.s. coordinates are not always precise so there's always
a risk but they know their work is vital. well we think about how to get people about people who got disabled. due to and unexploded ordinance and minds that. another dangerous mortar shell is neutralized but it's hard work it's taken nearly an entire day just to deal with one mortar from the war. every day airmen yousuf of it works toward a time when he and his family can live a carefree life. every victory on the court helps competing in last year's paralympic games was particularly special but it's probably when we won second place but the feeling was really the same as if we got the gold medal at us we were put on a stick. and mean plans to compete again in the next paralympics but his greatest dream is to see bosnia-herzegovina completely cleared of landmines someday he says
it will be the permanent scars of war there is not been open warfare of its kind in europe since yet some continue to wage deadly conflict on the continent france has long had a strong commitment to western secular liberalism this is perhaps one of the reasons why the country is often singled out by the islamic state as a key target authorities are doing everything they can to prevent further attacks and to arrest those with connections to jihadists but even in custody they are still highly dangerous because of their influence on fellow prisoners in southern one clearly a we met karim one of many young men who was at risk of being radicalized in prison today curry mokhtari is free to enjoy a stroll along the beach near more police in southern france but he spent a long time in prison for armed robbery that resulted in
a death and that wasn't all in prison he fell under the sway of a radical preacher who wanted to recruit him for terrorist attacks for the so-called islamic state. no spiritual foundation. was where i came from what religion i had the preacher exploited this weakness to pull me into his orbit. mokhtari his parents abused him he landed in a detention home and began a typical criminal career prison was like criminal graduate school. and islamic state recruiter began influencing him and telling him what he ought to do. very dark look in his eyes. and he said. you are a muslim and you must defend islam. you must kill the unbelievers wherever you find them. and the french state find it difficult to
counter islamist radicalization and its prisons last year it was decided to isolate the radicals from the other prisoners but the decision wasn't implemented in part because there just isn't room in the overfilled jails attorneys for victims of terrorism say the authorities are not fulfilling their responsibility. something must be done now otherwise people who are at risk to persuade others of their radical theories and who are extremely violent themselves will continue to be sent to normal prison. there they are in contact with other inmates the young men in prison should be prepared for life when they are released. just going in to find out what makes these young men willing to die for one moment of intense existence. we have to show them how they can become useful recognised members of
society. in some prisons like here in oz the near paris prisoners judged to be terrorism risks are under surveillance around the clock the guards are supposed to find out who is really dangerous and should be isolated a correctional officer who wants to remain anonymous says that's easier said than done. the most dangerous ones and those who prey the most or who practice their religion most devoutly the most dangerous ones work in secret they seem completely normal even in prison we look for a little signs what they read or watch on t.v. and how they behave when exercising in the yard. the french authorities long tried to ban islam as such from the prisons only in recent years had they begun hiring in moms to teach inmates a peaceful form of islam mokhtari says it was a catholic prison chaplain who turned him around. my felt that not
even god could forgive me for what i had done. the priests words changed my life if god tests you it's because he loves you you have the strength within you to master this test. i always wanted my mother to love me and then someone says there's a power that loves me more than people can love me. mokhtari didn't convert to catholicism he wanted to find his own roots so he learned about islam and became a muslim today he works with prisoners first he tries to get them to accept that their prison sentence is justified then he helps them look for an apartment and a job when their sentence is over many regard mokhtari as a wonderful exception but still an exception. looks looking at the psychological
profiles of the ions recruits you see how radical and brutal some of them are you can't bring them back. mokhtari is convinced he can relapse into crime but he says radicals in prison still have far too easy a time finding recruits for terrorism. the battle for hearts and minds in france we go next to spain for a story of survival in the animal kingdom in the north york high up in the sierra the trauma lives europe's largest raptor the black vulture while it's become a very rare sight in most of europe thanks to conservation efforts the birds population on the island could be stabilized but for it to continue to thrive the island's visitors and residents may both have to take a step back in time. as if
effortlessly thank lined for hours in majestic circles with only an occasional flap of their way news martin sunnyvale us regards them as the heroes of the mountains the black cultures of the sierra to try montana and my orca but their numbers have dwindled only one hundred fifty of them still live in remote parts of the island. well that's the when i was born up here in the mountains there were lots of black culture has. what impressed me most back then was that birds this bay could fly at all. watching them is quite as long as it's one is but that way no to. york is the only european island where black culture is still living. the caribbean feeders live primarily from dead sheep and goats but the number of sheep and goats here is dwindling too. shepherds are increasingly leaving the sierras.
get the name of this killer whales as they began in the sixty's. many people moved away because working inter ism is easier noise. that's a problem is that all life up here is hard and you don't earn as much money as elsewhere you know those if you know when the shepherds leave the sheep disappear and when the sheep disappears so to the vultures tabling tavi scares for injured daughters and my yorker she created a foundation to protect the species when the biologist from vienna came to the island thirty years ago the vultures were in even worse straits. this couple you know. and they were only about nine hundred and just one breeding pair up with that some years that bred and others it didn't and if my protective measures had been taken and these birds wouldn't be here anymore they are reading their heart and.
but the black culture isn't out of the woods yet along with the lack of food tourism is stressing the birds. let's keep them on an island and creasing numbers of hikers that penetrating even the most remote areas and that's a problem for these animals. a record ten million vacationers visited my old car last year many visit the mountains and some leave the marked hiking paths. so to my organs like harvey whom we met by chance he wants to spend the night out under the stars and wasn't aware that that could bother the black vultures. if their new meal got off the train i didn't know they spurts before i go but of course as a nature lover i'm somebody that the already harmed the break by inches just by being here. it's very set as these that.
changing human society confronts my yorkers vulture's with fewer meals and more noisy tourists martina's all even us will have to give up shepherding too he and his wife are starting to prepare for their old age they want to spend their time with their grandchildren well you know what the who really when i retire i don't know what will happen to the animals. and one of my children wants to follow in my footsteps like we followed our parents. and that's how it is with my shepherds and their hearts whether they must yes which is a matter think of. modern life on majorca determines the fate of the black soldiers already today many have to be fed. martine's only various says that that's the only way the species will survive here he hopes his heroes of the mountains will not go extinct. an idea from a teenage refugee far from home has changed life in denmark slimmer your arrived in
copenhagen from moscow when she was just thirteen after years of barely having enough to eat she was overwhelmed by the abundance of food available in the average danish supermarket but she was disheartened when she saw how much of it went to waste so she decided to do something about it. celina you goes to supermarkets to campaign not to shop she's the face of a danish initiative trying to stop food waste going to the uncertainty you shouldn't eat food after they expire he of the use by date and now there's another status called best before and you you can actually eat the food at this past the best before date certain member that best before does not mean toxic after you grew up in russia she says that when she came to denmark as
a teenager the affluent society she found here opened her eyes to wastage i got very upset. so eight years ago i started out a facebook group was called stop wasting food and two weeks later we were national media and today we have become the biggest danish organization against food waste where sixty three thousand people just on facebook so it's huge you is clearly not the only one protesting against waste and over abundance but supermarkets continue to throw away food that's no longer in its prime at best it sometimes gets used for other things. well this is all by a container and this is where we throw out food that we unfortunately don't get to sell in time and all the food it's going to cost so it will be used as. heating for households actually. we food is a store to warm heart a supermarket full of goods past their best before date it can't offer fresh fish
or meat instead there are lots of frozen goods here but also vegetables customers love the low prices a second branch has already opened and somewheres are produced especially for the store and organic baker nearby makes more than he can sell and passes the excess on to we food he's doing that on purpose and that's why well because we. actually act as a safety net because we we pay him a symbolic figure and we cover the costs of his production so he's actually able to systematically produce more than he needs to and then all the stuff that he doesn't so because then if you produces an excessive amount then he's ensuring that he never runs out of bread and at the same time if he has too much then we can just collected for and cover all his expenses you also we go to the stores and pick it up for free so without report he might produce less yeah he would
probably. food production puts a strain on the environment and emits large amounts of c o two a real turnaround would be to reduce the amount of food produced not just redistribute it as a leader you also recognises the we food store it's a great great great initiatives but it does not address the root cause and the root cause is that there are still a lot of food being produced in overproduced so basically the idea scenario is that the way food store is closed because there's not enough surplus produce for the way food store still there has been a change in mindset in denmark if a modest one waisted rates in the country have fallen by twenty five percent in the last decade a personal victory for you she traces her commitment to her youth at the end of the soviet union. coming collapsed they were food shortages in the stores
the stores were basically empty so we wasted no food because basically there was no food to eat to be wasted and we had huge respect for food so when i came to denmark twenty four years ago. i saw the supermarkets and i was shocked i was shocked to see so much food. you'll hopes to get the big supermarket chains to start offering rebates on single products rather than volume discounts but above all she says customers have to get involved in fighting waste. one person's actions can make such a difference and finally we have another tale of good intentions now what is the most unique gift you've ever received for your birthday goodnow wheaton's plan a big surprise for their neighbors in finland to celebrate finland one hundred year anniversary of independence from russia the norwegians want to give their neighbors
the summit of a mountain well this would only require the border to be shifted by a few metres it would also call for a change in norway's constitution. it's late summer and there's not a tree nor a bush nor a blade of grass here at thirteen hundred metres mountain guide georg's knows every rock on the hottie fell on the norwegian finished border. there's been a move afoot here to move the border in the off to standing here on the finnish ality here to the right you see the border marker it's the highest point in finland . if you look towards the other side you get time and that's norway so finland's highest peak has a norwegian summit. how annoying that a mountain peak in otherwise very flat finland has its summit outside the country
across a border drawn in seven hundred forty. the oddity was first noticed by buren gare harsh on a longstanding staff member of the norwegian mapping authority he'd been investigating some peculiar features of the boundary line on the hottie and decided this would be an ideal time to correct them we tried to let you know which government give it as a gift from the region people to finland in accordance in in relation to their one hundred year celebration as her freemason. his main supporter is. mayor of the municipality at the foot of the halti he picked up on the idea and wrote an official request to the prime minister in oslo she sent an equally official response that the constitution wouldn't allow norway to cede any of its
territory with kind regards. those on the. prime minister says no then as i mean because if you have municipality i have to respect that. but maybe they'll reconsider. it's a matter of an area of half the size of a soccer field the border marker would just have to be moved a few meters. it's claimed that a compromise might be possible a swap would not file at the constitution finland would get the summit and give a piece of waste land to norway in exchange after all norway has no real use for the hottie you know we go the norwegians have plenty of other peaks to climb and the finns didn't even get the top of the pile of rocks we're standing on here. i think that's too bad the poor families. and what do the finns say about the issue do they really want the additional eight meters of summit from that side of the
border it's quite a long way to the nearest habitation there may well be more reindeer than people in the area. then finally fifty nine kilometers from the hole to finish village. i think it is a very rude. reason to give to finland because we are neighbor of. nori. i like many people come to feel land because more tourists yes yes more tourist i love the idea but even nowadays it doesn't matter when you are on the how that we. know there is no. mountain guide. thinks the move just might turn the barren fell into a tourist magnet that's were not truly of course it would make this more popular
especially in finland. more fans would come here just to climb their highest mountain. making a present of a mountain top could mean a small boost to nordic tourism but it could also send a message to the world that was the original intention. norway also gave the peace prize the nobel peace prize every year and we could go. ahead like a good example on how you can treat your neighbor by. giving least leave this little piece a lot. finland will be celebrating the centennial of its independence in december who knows by then with luck the country's highest peak could be a little higher. it seems not everyone is ready to break out the celebratory
women in the driver's seat revolution at the vatican for the first time ever a woman heads this institution babbitt agita is director of the vatican museums or equipment is a sensation but how far has gender equality progressed is patriarchy gradually crumbling women on the inside tell it all. in sixty minutes. in the first. hour we speak your language. for content in dari pashto and. for returning to our web special future life and the prospects for those returning. join the discussion on dot com and on facebook.
prospects for returning. may. i'm a mother like two billion other mothers around the world i have one wish the best for my child. but in this is science in which breastfeeding is often frowned upon and as for formula abound where profit is more important than my baby's well being how do i know how to make the right decision. mil starting december ninth on d w.