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tv   In Good Shape - The Final Puff  Deutsche Welle  December 28, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm CET

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even something as simple as learning how to write them by said isn't. since i was a little girl i wanted to have them by cycle of my home and it took me me as the months but they're. finally they gave up and mentioned buying me on my site those but returned because sewing machine sewing i suppose was more appropriate for goes than writing advice as now all i want to meet those women back home would bones by their duties and social rules and inform them of old dead basic rights my name is the about of people and a war that's easy to. come oh and welcome to in good shape coming up pediatric heart transplants
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a new lease on life. under pressure how to stop grinding your teeth. and kicking the habit for a smokeless future and here's your host dr carsten i could talk to. higher welcome to my project it's great that you're here. i've just been reading the fens and there's a man from google shimon from australia and she's been smoking for sixty years and she really wants to quit and she says that she tried numerous times but so far she has been able to overcome her addiction now she wrote does hope the help of in good shape she'll never be able to quit what a stroke of luck that i know of the perfect word for this this is dr thomas healing he's a poem and knowledge is in the next word in smoking cessation. quitting
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to smoke it's worth at any time at any age and it will be easier when you think me when i tell my patients to quit smoking i feel a lot of fear fear that the coffee will taste as good anymore fear that i will miss nice conversations with my friends and fear that i don't know what to do was too healthy hence but is it really so difficult to stop smoking me. many of the twenty million smokers in germany know all too well how hard it is to quest's is upon from when i started when i was thirteen i'm forty now and i'm addicted. so i try to quit i've managed two months of the most.
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of life in smoking since i was twenty one twenty seven years at least a pack a day so about twenty to thirty every day of the sponsors of this was to give everyone talk does he think he could give it up. i'm going to give it a try here's my packet of cigarettes my lighter let's see how it goes. it won't be easy because nicotine is physically and psychologically addictive as. explained. nicotine floods the brain and alters the brain metabolism that's what it does it stimulate the reward pathway so without nicotine smokers feel bad they need nicotine to feel normal. it's about thirty four and has been a smoker for nearly twenty years he smoked about fifteen cigarettes a day tried to give up now and then the last time was two years ago but i never
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managed more than two or three weeks. time to try again. the body process as quickly. doesn't take long after eight to twelve hours the nicotine will be gone and the body stresses them is no longer being activated nor adrenalin and adrenaline levels drop and as a result blood pressure and pulse will start to normalize. but that doesn't mean you won't relapse. i had a relapse i realize that you have to quit every day and you as it were. it feels like the physical and psychological addiction get stronger and. if you relapse and have a cigarette the nicotine needs to leave your system all over again quitting is hard but it's worth us. one thing i've noticed is that my sense of smell and taste regenerated. i have the feeling i can smell much more than i used to. that's
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not all circulation also improves the bronc tubes and the long start to regenerate although this can take some time. the next step is that the time needs to be washed out. toxins that are responsible for the damaging effect of smoking that's a process that takes months or even a year if you've been smoking for twenty years and then stop you can reduce by fifty percent your risk of lung cancer in the next ten to fifteen years. before quitting sebastien experience shortness of breath and cough to last when jogging so has this started to improve now that he's not smoking. so far over the past four weeks i have noticed that i'm breathing more easily but i hope it will start to get better. and is he confident he can place. i have not smoked for
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a month and i feel pretty proud of myself even so i know this is just the beginning it's a good start but i've got to stick to it. sebastian hasn't had a cigarette a month now he's almost there. now all the benefits of giving up will start to make themselves felt he'll become fitter his concentration will improve he'll feel more focused and ultimately his risk of developing smoking related conditions will be significantly reduced. is the. time to give back the figure as we converse case if you hours ago. you guessed it for the first two hours with no problem but then every now and then i'd feel like a smoke. could be considered. it made me think about having another go at quitting. are you suppose.
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require higher indiscipline but it really is worthless. to me we just spoke to us about he admitted that he started smoking again and this is what i'm going to talk about now with dr to was he thinking. and you're an expert in smoking cessation thanks for having me today and why is it so hard to quit smoking almost most of the smokers are addicted to smoking and this addiction. works in two ways to elements that draw the smoker to or to take cigarettes and smoke again one element is the nicotine addiction the other mechanism of smoking dependence is. the fact that get used to combine certain situations in life
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with smoking and the association of those situations is compellingly bound to two having a cigarette so those two mechanisms. in combination. result in the direction when i speak to my patients in day advice them to quit smoking many of them tell me will i smoke for years no i'm quite old i think there's no use in quitting smoking at my age so what do you say to them in fact in most cases there is a huge benefit for any page and to quit smoking but depends very much on who's specific situation what diseases he has and we as physicians may advise specifically for a cardiac patient we world advise differently from pulmonologist patients for example the risk to have
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a cardio. myocardial infarction decreases within hours and days after quitting smoking and is half after one year and is diminished to almost the risk of a never smoke after. yes this is the best benefit smoker can achieve with quitting smoking is really where to go for it and we got this letter with a cry for help from our it's trillion viewer gudrun sheen them and she desperately wants to stop smoking she's not perfect if she would come into your practice what would you offer her the main smoking cessation measure is behavioral therapy which takes some time and we have kind of a. three element program where in three sessions groups we offer the preparation in a second session. stop smoking session where all the participants really
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smoke their last cigarette and stabilization session and who support. this behavior therapy intervention with medical support there are a kind of medication through substances. that we can give to support and to stop the lies. the effect of their behavior. what are your results how many people do you really stop smoking for yourself and after such an intervention of the use. between thirty five and fifty percent that are continuous ex smokers after twelve years twelve months people no race don't only smoke cigarettes they change into these cigarettes so they don't smoke they may seem. cigarettes aren't as popular as they used to be but there are
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still plenty of die hard smokers. it's a pleasure but it's also an addiction and a costly one seven million people die of smoking related illness every year. a growing number of people are looking for alternatives such as an electronic cigarette and vaporizing. i've been dating for three years and i haven't had a single cigarette since. i used to be really heavy smoker but it just became too expensive. so i shut no packs a day i was a heavy smoker i've been facing for about eighteen months now. does baking help smokers quit there still aren't any long term studies on the effects of aping but for heavy smokers trying to break their tobacco habit a cigarette are definitely an option to be a supporter is an expert on addiction just switching to the cigarettes is better than smoking you can't argue with the science but it raises the question does
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vaporing also have harmful effects the actual vapor contains chemicals also found in dry ice antifreeze anstey icing agents these are the vapor contains the substance proper link like carbon that's a respiratory irritant it also contains flavorings which are harmless if you eat them but we don't really know what they do when you inhale them and as i know that the spice mind for. what we do know is that vaporing is a booming business and with the cigarette market shrinking the tobacco companies are looking to cash in on the vaporing trend. keep their snapping up taping companies we don't know what their strategy is right now used but it's a very big market last year alone a cigarette sales in germany reached four hundred million euros three and a half million people in the country are vaporing and more are joining their ranks all the time. me so what's your take on the cigarettes the
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government of u.k. has published estimation that the risk from the cigarettes is about five percent the risk of a tobacco cigarette so it may be a risk so the best is zero consumption. but we have cases maybe another just patients will see a pretty well we desperately need. to help the patient quitting smoking. so no not the least smoke should enter the bronco system and in those cases. the road may be a tolerable alternative as in the cigarette the patient in by per. smoke one important thing in smoking cessation you said earlier in the previous
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talk is behavioral therapy so that one of all of us right now wants to stop smoking altogether and they don't want to go to a behavior therapist can they do some tweaks in their lives that they can put some kind of behavioral therapy in their own lives pusher it's a matter of good preparation actually that they they may analyze their smoking situations by having kind of a diary before quitting a diary in which situations they usually smoke and. much worse at the urge to smoke and they may take down notes and analyze the most dangerous trigger situations may change those situations for example if they have breakfast with coffee in the kitchen in the morning and i understand this is a strong trigger situation for them they might change and have their breakfast in
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another place of their float and maybe change to to be. decreasing the trigger and so may be successful and avoid it. what do you think about smoking cessation with the help of pet chairs and you get to patches you know this is a. important support. it is a support the main thing is the change of behavior but using nicotine patches for example or. guns or there is a spray in the market now which. is a very important support to decrease withdrawal symptoms i love you here you are tommy ellen from the us wrote he quit smoking two years ago but since then he's been addicted to nicotine gum so what can he do well actually. should be proud that he quit smoking is the main goal is obviously he
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read that. the nicotine by itself is not a real dangerous substance. so actually i think he should try to get rid of the nicotine gum. after time but it's not a real concern so he'd be fine and so what are commonly key smoked for over twenty years and he had three needles piece through his ear lobes in china where it could punch a treatment and he never puffed again so how successful is this complimentary medicine like acupuncture treatments for all it's very good for walter he succeeded. the general the darter posts on. smoking cessation measure is disappointing so actually we wouldn't recommended in a general way. the effects may depend very much on the attitude of the patient
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to the. method to go and if the attitude and the expectation is very strong he should try and hoof it. very well thanks so much for having me today and if you still smoke it's worth it to stop but don't stop writing me emails. on one of our upcoming shows we'll be looking at chronobiology how does the day night rhythm affect our body clock why does medication affect us differently at different times of the day if you have a question about that right to in good shape at d w dot com with the subject line chronobiology we look forward to hearing from you. whether it is a kidney or liver or heart worldwide people are waiting for donor organs even
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children like ilesha me. at least to celebrate her birthday twice on the day she was born and on the day she received an organ transplant. actually i got a new heart. after i know. on the one hand we were happy because we knew our daughter now had a chance of becoming healthy again. but there was also an incredibly sad side because we knew that there was another family somewhere who had just lost a child. at least she was born healthy in january two thousand and eleven but a few months later she got a cold. medication didn't help and she had trouble breathing chest x. rays showed severe enlargement of her heart. the doctors diagnosed myocarditis an inflammation of the heart muscle caused by the cold. while alicia was being taken to a clinic specializing in pediatric cardiology her heart stopped beating. down humvee
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so long they spent two alice resuscitating her. becoming overdose and they would come back out and say her heart had started beating for a few seconds but then stopped and said you know then again for minutes before stopping again. it was the worst two hours of our lives sleeve. but the doctors didn't give up. their venture they got her heart beating again regularly. ten weeks later she was released from the clinic but just a week after that the alarm on her heart rate monitor went off. on the side peeps of us suddenly they've all these beeping sounds heart stopped beating us that's when we realized her heart wasn't going to recover by. an air ambulance flew aleesha straight to the clinic. her heart was irreversibly damaged.
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her only hope now was for an organ transplant paul said kinda only be done if the patient is in an otherwise healthy condition because highest any other serious organ disorder would make a transplant impossible. that might be a tumor or active cancer. but otherwise transplants can be performed with patients regardless of their weight or age including babies up them. but the availability of suitable hearts is extremely limited for babies and toddlers the donor organ has to be around the same size as the recipients so patients can face a long wait elisa was fortunate to get a new heart after just four weeks post transplant life was transformed for the whole family. in fact it was vital we never left home without it. and the mask of her mouth and nose was also very important. for almost an entire
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year when we wanted to go outside for some fresh air she had to have the mask on first. now after transplant that's one is a risk of the organ being rejected is especially high in the first month after transplant every week the risk decreases. but the risk will always be there. that's also why patients have to remain on medication for the rest of their lives become in tiny most. alicia's now six she takes immunosuppressants to prevent her body from rejecting the foreign organ she also goes to the clinic every three months for an ultrasound. the limbs that one has consequently in the transplanted organ doesn't have the same lifespan as a native organ come on phyllis age faster as it were i ten as fast neta. children with the best chance of living a long life for those whose transplant takes place in their first year of life like
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elisa in the first few months the new heart adjusts to the recipient size. elisa now plays like other kids but she still has to be careful since the medication weakens her immune system. it's important to keep your distance from obvious sources of infection stick to standards of hygiene and try to avoid salmonella tainted food. now you should avoid getting diarrhea or infections in the upper respiratory tract. or coughs and colds infected you have to protect yourself in daily life. many people in germany say they'd be willing to donate an organ but if you actually make the effort to get an organ donor card it's not only the recipients who stand to benefit. the a lot of donor families we've been in contact with actually
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experienced relief. it helps them accept the death of their relative back knowing that a good deed has been done and i'm going to talk to ms. alicia has been very lucky. her mother often thinks of the donor child's parents she'll always be grateful they gave her daughter the gift of life. when you wake up in the morning and herds maybe you're grinding your teeth. me. i get muscle pain here in my jaw and up here in the joint to of course how this thing it spreads down to my neck and shoulder muscles. and it can be very very painful this. often that's why ilona often feels tense and unrested when she gets up the pain comes from brooks's i'm grinding her teeth in her sleep her dentist has made
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a mold of her teeth to demonstrate the damage caused by all the nighttime clenching and gnashing. this is how your teeth move at night. in particular these grinding movements so what's causing the erosion of your teeth . especially the ones in front of. modern brock's ism exerts up to one ton of pressure on the jaw a night guard like this protects the teeth not only at night here and so that is why. it's easy to insert and it's a perfect fit it gives me a bit of a lisp which makes things awkward at work when you have to do a lot of talking. otherwise it doesn't bother me that there's a slight ache but other than that i barely notice it. ilona tested the mouthguard for two weeks she had to wear it as often as possible. that's
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the most good thing during the day it only bothers me when i'm talking and you get used to wearing it at night very quickly sometimes i even forget that i'm wearing it. ilona store pain hasn't vanished completely so but dentist is doing another test measuring her jaw with a special device. it's aimed at examining the behavior of her lower jaw where there's mobility and where movement is constrained. can you open a bit wider. and back again slowly. if. the measurement indicates that there's a problem with the lowness temperamental joint. the dentist recommends a special retainer which ilona hopes will provide long term relief. it would protect my teeth and the joint and ensure that i wake up more relaxed and
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know the hot ones the latest test results have been evaluated alone as dentist will fitter with a new retainer. that's it for today your follow up appointment is next week so you don't buy. the boat. on. the boat.
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