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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  January 25, 2018 9:00pm-9:31pm CET

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this is. from one p.c. monkey. researchers in china have successfully cloned a pair of monkeys always humans now decades after dolly the sheep was cloned scientists in china have used the same technology to create two healthy monkeys a scientific breakthrough that's raising ethical questions about the future of humans also coming up u.s. president donald trump is in touting his message of america fest that will lead as
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i'm headed home for the world economic forum and i'll have more coming up. also ahead despite warnings from the u.s. of turkey vows to continue its offensive against kurds in northern syria tonight we look at how the turks at home are reacting to the campaign and the risks for those who are criticizing him and the price of the colonial genocide. in indigenous people and their demands for compensation from germany a century later the killings still haunts the nation. it's good to have you with us we begin with a scientific breakthrough in china that makes cloning humans just a technical step away the baby monkeys that you see here now they don't just look alike they are. clones are researchers created them using the same cloning method
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that produced dolly the sheep almost twenty years ago but monkeys well they're different they're primates just like us humans and now the question is being posed are we next me chills sean and why they might just look like two cute baby mechanics but they also represent a breakthrough that has excited scientists around the wild the monkeys up close the very first successful clones of a primate using the method to produce dolly researches that the chinese academy of sciences presented them to the public this week the purpose of doing. loose monkeys experiment animals is really for the human health care in a few minutes is there are many other animal models who can use whose mice was widely used to difficulty. in using that as animal model for the human
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disease because mice are very far away from humans the process took over a year and one hundred twenty seven eggs almost eighty viable embryos and it bevy of host mothers to produce the two babies it's hoped the clones could be used to studying diseases like parkinson's and alzheimer's research is say clones like these could help them glean results that would be more pertinent to humans but this breakthrough also begs another question can we clone humans and should we the burial of cloning primate species is well over. in principle any private including humans can be caught but all purpose of produce will call months use is purely for human benefit for medical purposes we see no reason love call of humans but despite the assurances it seems the debate around possible human cloning is once again on the agenda. lots of questions and see if we can get some
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answers janai at the big table with me to my right derek williams our g.w. science editor and to his right a familiar face here martin jack our religious affairs and ethics correspondent gentleman good to have you here at the big table let me start with you so if we can clone monkeys it's a very short step then to cloning you when you with me sirota clee yes i mean there are there there might be some differences in the protocol in the long term but actually i've been working for this for the last twenty years this was a very very difficult thing scientifically to overcome since dolly they're just there's some technical aspects to doing this kind of cloning that were very difficult to overcome and now they've overcome them now they're within our group of animals so they're in evolutionary terms these are very closely related animals so you can probably expect that most of what they did in order to obtain these these these bones would also work with humans and i have to assume the dr that motivated
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researchers to keep trying and trying until they got it right with the monkeys is going to keep driving them until they get it right with humans yes but we should be careful with what that means i mean this is not necessarily mean that we're going to certainly going to have full human full human cloning even if that becomes a technical possibility and this will be part of the ethical discussion as to whether. cloning parts of human beings for instance for therapeutic reasons cloning a lever or cloning and keep me for somebody that is having to undergo a lifetime of dialysis for instance whether that would be the serval i think that that's a question that we can more or less uncertain right the question as to whether you know cloning a human being is the sorrow of course is one that i think that we would mostly have an intuitive reaction to this are of course i think questions that we as a society or the global community will ultimately have to decide and let's talk about you know the immediate positive side effects of this stare can mean for for
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doctors researchers this is good news isn't it. not for doctors immediately but for medical research certainly is sort of. being able to limit your study groups of lab animals to two individuals that are genetically identical is going to help them really begin to develop compounds much more quickly than they had been before because genetic variants of within a particular group of animals is one of the big things that you have to overcome if you're doing if you're doing the study into cancer if the myself have different genomes they're all going to react differently to your compound you know in slightly different ways but if you have genetically identical animals that you can work with that's going to take out one of those variables that would otherwise be there and i seem to do this is going to increase the chances in all types of medical therapies cancer but even as martin said if we if someone needs a new liver rolling that new liver all of these things now are within the realm of
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possibility that they are within the realm of possibility and one of the things that we were talking about actually in between shows was was that everybody is interested in growing livers everyone's interested in growing kidneys what we're not interested in growing is brains and that's really kind of the big fear that lies behind us we don't want a whole new people but we could we would be happy to have a new parts of people and that's really the ethical dilemma that in some ways is facing this entire field of research. but what about alzheimers for example that is a horrible condition for more and more people around the world. what would what kind of implications does cloning have then for possible therapies and treatments for it in the future maybe we're not talking about growing a new brain but when we're talking about developing new compounds that could possibly fight. what they would probably end up doing is they would genetically engineer primates like this monkeys like this to develop alzheimer's quickly so they could quickly have study groups of animals that they could then test compounds
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and that would be one of the one of the ways that it would benefit this particular field which also has of course ethical questions so we have a whole lot of ethical question is does and who is going to pose the questions he's going to offer answers and he's doing to see that we stay within acceptable ethical parameters here i think that the questions we're going to pose them collectively in i would say that they're being both sort of systematically i mean the scientific community and the rest of us that are sitting around sort of thinking of this issues and looking at it you know the answers will probably come from regulating entities and sort of government structures is to be sort of the most immediate the most immediate agents of regulation the question that we continue to have is whether we will be able to produce some sort of global principle for regulating. you know the stop in picture off sort of producing an army or producing sort of a large contingent of workers by
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a process of cloning is something that of course would become theoretically possibility and these are things that would depend presumably on the values of the friend communities and the possibility of sort of the international community to come to terms that would how they're going to handle these must take not just an expense. possible but horrendous but horrendously expensive yeah yeah there's the money factor there's well still lots of questions lots of answers for the future gentlemen thank you very much dirk williams martin jacques. thank you here's some of the other stories now that are making headlines around the world authorities in france have issued flood alerts across the country after heavy rains in the capital paris authorities have shut train stations and rail lines due to the rising river waters and some areas in the suburbs have been flooded the region has had twice as much rainfall as normal in recent months a train derailment in milan italy has killed three people and injured more than one hundred many passengers were trapped and had to be freed by rescue services the
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cause of the crash has not been established a top u.n. official has warned against me in mars' plans to repatriate the nearly seven hundred thousand injured refugees who fled to neighboring bangladesh he says it is not safe for them to return home and that members of myanmar as military are still attacking were hinge of villages but me and maher says it is ready for the returns to begin afghan officials have raised to forty the total number of people killed in last saturday's attack on a luxury hotel in the capital kabul a health ministry official says that twenty five afghans died in addition to fifteen foreigners taliban militants have claimed responsibility for the assault. you're watching the w. news live from berlin still to come many churches are backing their countries offensive against kurds in northern syria but risks of balance for opponents of the
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campaign i will correspondent will bring us perspectives from both sun it's. all right here is here now with business news the latest on the world economic forum on the people are all talking about who's going to be talking tomorrow that's right there's a very special guest let's say one that is usually full of surprises it's donald trump he has arrived in davos and as expected it's all about america first the president's visit comes amid announcements of new tariffs set by the u.s. government that have been heavily criticized mostly between the lines of other devil speakers now on his first day at the world economic forum trump held several bilateral talks behind closed doors. security has been beefed up at davos that may have something to do with the arrival of the u.s. president donald trump he seems to have opted for a soft landing meeting key u.s. allies first among them british prime minister to resign may many so her criticism
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of countries not doing enough for free trade as a direct swipe at trump's policies but she was less critical following her meeting with the u.s. president. facing challenges across the world and as you say we are working together to defeat the challenges of the long front that will confront the change they should take each bushel of the trade. gunships fresh thank you very i think it's a most important thing taking place are going to be tremendous inclusions trade links which great for both in terms of jobs. we look forward to that we're starting that process pretty much as we speak it's unclear whether trump was speaking generally or referring to a free trade pact between the u.k. and the u.s. much like their prime minister many in the u.k. believe that such a deal would be essential after leaving the e.u. but despite a friendly start with may trump's upcoming speech is likely to meet with resistance
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that's because many expect him to defend his america first policy and recent punitive tariffs he had imposed on some imported goods. and of course the dollars business team is in davos we're now going to bring in helena humphrey who has been covering the conference for us helena hi it's good to see you again well we saw it all trump arriving today and some were outraged by the simple fact that someone said to him thank you for coming so how welcome is the u.s. president. well the u.s. president walked into the lion's den of globalists who mostly stand for everything that he doesn't they're against populism they're against protectionism that said i have never see the courage of the congress center so packed out when the u.s. president walked through he said switzerland great country and that he was here to deliver a message of peace and prosperity he then proceeded to hold
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a closed door talks with the british prime minister to resign may offer to which he then held a small press conference where there was that long awaited slightly or quit handshake and theresa may want to again made a point of stressing how important not special relationship still is probably because she's looking for global trade ties out of the european union as she readies who breaks it and he also held talks with the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu so speaking to his two allies here at the world economic forum his speech much awaited tomorrow we'll have to see how it goes down bated breath at the moment definitely and for sure now we know it's not going to be an easy one especially because some are really not happy that he's there in the first place what can we expect for tomorrow. we can expect it to be a message of america first donald trump will concentrate on successes at home
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because he doesn't have those successes to trump it in terms of his foreign policy so he'll talk about the stock market its gains and the tax reform as well they'll be two of the main talking points in that speech and you'll be there covering it for us thank you very much own humphry from davos. and speaking of tricky situations it's not only in the business world but also in politics and in the military situation that's right geopolitics of course syria it's like the never ending story javier in vienna the united nations has begun fresh efforts to jumpstart peace talks between the syrian government and the opposition of the two days of talks in vienna come after eight previous rounds in geneva a few expect a breakthrough this time but the host u.n. special envoy for syria stuff and mistura remains optimistic outside the u when current protested against another ongoing conflict in the region the turkish military operation in the syrian region of
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a three at the turkish offensive is turning into a diplomatic dispute between nato allies turkey and the united states u.s. president trump has urged turkish president ever to one to limit the advance or risk confronting american forces on the ground. thank you operation all the french continues on its path he supports the turkish allies rebel fighters and it's to city of about one hour strike from a friend soon they could reach men bitch and now the kurdish held enclave where some u.s. forces are stationed. ankara and washington are increasingly at or it's the military operation has turned into a serious trust issues between the nato allies. and then i've stated the reason why we cannot trust the u.s. they have supplied the kurdish y p g with weapons. and president trump said in
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a phone call that they would start putting that out however no concrete actions have been taken. i stated that we need concrete actions to reestablish the trust necessary for negotiations. with and correct seemingly disregarding the u.s. concerns washington it's a rate at that they would prefer turkish troops to leave the area well i think i think that prisoner of war will make decisions to deescalate violence and have rain and to normalize and stabilize prepare for in actions in that region and i think they'll make that decision here with the full support of us it's. the ass strikes and ground operations have killed dozens of civilians many a second shot and places like this cave and un official told the w more than five thousand people fleeing for their lives once again. rather with. the latest eyes of course fire.
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in particular and. we're. told there's no. these images from the east based revolutionary forces of syria show what appear to be turkish allied fighters. advancing into a frame with no end and prospects the offensive is opening a new front in serious multi-site at seventy. most churches appear to approve of their government's new military campaign speaking out against it of course carries risks our correspondent in istanbul filed this report on how operation all of branch is being perceived back home. more on every channel the military operation in syria is the top story on turkish television the tenor of the reporting there a petri arctic how critical the majority of people it seems support operation all
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of branch in this tea house at least no one thinks the offensive is a mistake would be that the terrorists are looking for an opportunity to divide the country but we will but a much of them over many years desertions us is all we have fighting against isis and other terrorist groups those who don't want to help us should at least not stand in our way out of the most angel almost in the offing that you know our army fighting in a friendly and strength of it and i hope that with the head off we will take home a week to resolve it is that getting me to my new duty we will win i'm absolutely sure of it turkish politicians agree as well and it's not just the ruling a k party that supports the offensive in syria opposition leader kamal kill each poll says he also backs the operation as does meryl action are the head of the new party that wants to challenge president dredge a tired adeline in the next election she tweeted that she's praying for
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a glorious army the only party to condemn the offensive is the pro kurdish h t p g a former spokesperson calls it inacceptable. you know could have to put a lot of the olive branch has always been a symbol of peace but now it is stained with blood and sauce and now everyone is extending the olive branch to bashar al assad in syria who once used to be as our allies said it was not much but this operation is an attempt to massacre the kurds opus we hope the statements like this one by jimmy are dangerous right now in the past days the turkish government has detained dozens of people including politicians activists and journalists for criticizing the military operation in syria the official charged terrorist propaganda. the journalist who knows servile colleagues who got into trouble with authorities over reports criticizing
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the offensive he says the government gave editors of turkey's leading media outlets directives on how to report the trio to clean. the congress i mean have you noticed how all of the newspapers have similar headlines. this is actually government propaganda. for their journalists my sense of themselves to avoid trouble. unfortunately can't do proper journalism in turkey anymore. but mahmoud a columnist for the government friendly daily disagrees he says the government is not influencing coverage of the offering offensive. when it comes to national security every journalist bears responsibility that's how it is everywhere in the world. but that doesn't mean they're not free to report on everything but there are some media and intellectuals in turkey who can't use a freedom of speech with hatred of the government. to be out of the offensive enough in looks set to stay turkey's main story for now the government has
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announced that it intends to further expand the operation. a new york court has held a hearing on a case brought by indigenous people in the mid. demanding compensation from germany for a colonial era or genocide a century ago german troops and settlers killed tens of thousands of her robe and nama people in what was then called german southwest africa the current lawsuit calls for representatives of the ethnic groups to be included in the negotiations here's our report now on how a genocide committed more than a century ago is still affecting people today kristie condors family lives in poverty and she says that's been the case since the war with the germans one hundred thirteen years ago although her family doesn't some land in eastern namibia it's nothing more than
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a few sheet metal huts in the middle of the plains krista says the plots of land is to powder and to grow crops her real home lies three hundred kilometers west of here where she says her family used to own a farm on fur thailand until the germans expelled them from its crystal has a photograph of her grandfather he had left on the old firm stand back then as a small boy with his mother. war you when the german soldiers attacked our property my grandfather and his mother fed his mother stuff to death during that escape he was captured and put into a labor camp later he was able to escape and return home but by then our land belonged to a german so my father started to work for him and tended the carriers that had been taken away from us. christer is not alone every year thousands of rare and nama people commemorate the genocide committed by the germans imperial soldiers
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supposedly poisoned this water source used by the herero since then the locals call it the well of deadly stomach pain or who are muslims who are all go go go go go member this man says they've come to speak to their ancestors there's another reason why they're doing it here this is where a german general gave the order to expel the herero from their land and drive them into the desert. krista has also come like the other women she wears the traditional head dress symbolizing the cow horns the men are wearing uniforms in the style of the german imperial soldiers what they want from germany is an official apology and reparations. i mean i do not believe that we have where i will ever receive any money from germany though there are negotiations taking place with germany those negotiations are not with us directly but with the
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maybe in government which is dominated by other tribes who will keep the money for themselves. that's why kristen and her fellow campaign is have filed a lawsuit against germany in new york. oh they are here in force direct negotiations between germany and the herero and nama the goal is to secure direct reparations for the affected indigenous groups. they can reach an agreement but without us. agreement is not with the piece of paper it is written on and germany will end up paying twice the money they will always be on the namibian government and the actual money they would have to pay us. but there are also divisions among the herero some groups support the government's negotiations which have led to germany offering aid projects instead of payouts. are
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to tennis now and simona halep will face currently no votes the aki in saturday's australian open final in melbourne and that's after the top seeded romanian got the better of germany's unsure leak in three marathon sets in the other semi number two seed but the aki overcame a second set wobble to defeat belgium's elise matins the dane is a former world number one but like all of has yet to win a grand slam title meanwhile. is through to the men's final on sunday the croat dispatched britain's kyle edmund in straight sets he'll play either defending champion roger federer or the unseeded show she won for the title. all right north korean ice hockey players were talking about the olympics they have arrived in south korea for training with their south korean team mates ahead of the young chung winter olympics twelve players and officials crossed the border on thursday
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the agreement to form a joint women's team follows the first official talks between the two koreas now the team will wear unity jerseys and march under a unified flag at the games opening ceremony of the war in iraq. and now a look at an unusual perception through cairo today egypt moved a massive thousands year old statue of king rams it the second to its new home the grand egyptian museum after that ride i'll be back to take you through the day see if you minutes.
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the international child of four journalists discuss living in the field college anti semitic is germany. a german boy was bullied and attacked because of his jewish heritage. opinions arguments analysis. sixty minutes. with different
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languages we fight for different things that's fine let me all stick up for freedom freedom of speech and freedom the friends. giving freedom of choice global news that matters w made for minds. meet the germans. and surprisingly aspects of license culture in germany. us american keep news of take a look at germany to the simplicity of the tradition of everyday lives and language to some other. good. g w dot com the german. tells us. it makes us laugh. and cry
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a. tremble and smile. at you cook images and emotions that come. from the sea every gent on d w. a banker once said that the world economic forum is where billionaires tell millionaires what the middle class feels when despite what his voter base may expect us president dealt with trump feels right at home something some even say he's a god among mere mortals of money tonight america first in the alps welcome to the davos dilemma i'm pretty often berlin this is the day.

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