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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  January 27, 2018 3:02am-3:31am CET

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loam but what does it mean breaking down donald trump's speech in davos i'm sarah her man in berlin this is the day. we're really good we had a great first year so successful in so many different ways and there's a tremendous spirit. in make sure he wants to say never has the economy stronger because it actually brought me but there's a tremendous spirit in the united states i would say it's a spirit like i have never witnessed before well you know he stands for the right things in general perspective i mean is against terrorism and peaceful dealing with the global threats i think i've been a cheerleader for a country and everybody representing a company or a country has to be a cheerleader or no matter what you do it's just not going to work. so i think
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there was a lot to worry about in that speech and then with us very much a focus on things business speak money not so much on the smaller person the everyday person. we begin the day at the world economic forum in davos switzerland u.s. president trump told leaders gathered there america is open for business but that the u.s. won't tolerate trade practices he sees as unfair one of his key messages to the business and political elite was that growth in the united states spells growth for economies around the globe i'll get some analysis on what that could mean in a moment for people all around the world but first let's take a look at how the day unfolded in davos. the anticipation was palpable politicians and high flying executives waited in line for over an hour to get inside the hall where donald trump would deliver his speech the first u.s. president to do so since bill clinton two decades ago. and eventually has plenty of
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pomp trump arrived on stage. he didn't mince his words. as president of the united states i will always put america first just like the leaders of other countries should put their country first also but america first does not mean america alone when the united states grows so does the world in what's being viewed as a disguised reference to china the u.s. president demanded a reformed international trade system. we cannot have free and open trade if some countries exploit the system at the expense of others. we support free trade but it needs to be fair and it needs to be
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reciprocal. because in the end unfair trade undermines. the united states will no longer turn a blind eye to unfair economic practice trump stuck to his america first message and used a davos stage to pitch to investors is open for business and we are competitive once again. the u.s. president took advantage of a q. and a session afterwards to take a swipe at the media for reporting fake news. his comments were made with this time . trouble later tweeted his speech was well received. of more analysis i'm joined now by nicholas castles he is an expert on u.s. economics and a political scientist at the j.f.k. institute here in berlin nicholas this was a speech watched around the world but who is trump's audience really who has this
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message for. trump faces a very tough midterm on the g.o.p. does too in twenty eighteen his base is shrinking his message of you know the forgotten men and women will be lifted up you know this the trickle down economics of this of the tax law of late twenty seventeen all this is not yet really you know sounding with voters and so what he did was you know. seeming presidential pitching the final speech in bows and becoming being the person that americans want their president to be a champion of their interests which is of course obviously. a fair requirement of a state leader but seeing that the american president the leading global power failed to outline any form of strategic vision for this renewed and more fair and more just global economic and social system. one was left
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a little bit underwhelmed so it sounds like you're saying he's talking to voters at home specifically republican voters heading into midterm elections in the states and not necessarily the global leaders at davos but let's say that you're a world leader you're sitting in that room you're watching trump speech what's your take what do you go home thinking. well i'm as you know smart as i was before we don't know anything more there was as i said there's no strategic with the vision that trump was on message yes but please explain to me when was america not open for business i mean this is i don't know what he's trying to say but given the fact that developing economies china india stronger europe all taking the global economic to do new growth this is not just an american game and davos is the right place to reflect what new challenges do lie ahead for us. so in
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that you know. in that image me being head of state and thinking ok what's next. probably moving on without the u.s. right now eventually china trump made some thinly veiled stabs at china today for our viewers who aren't necessarily following the my new ship of trade policy walk us through what is trump's beef with china and what did he say today trump's beef with china it's not so much beef with china per se but his disdain for due process for the rules and laws of the w t o and it's dispute settlement mechanism you know following through this very complicated process of you know bringing a suit and winning it no country then other than the u.s. when so many cases before the dispute settlement mechanism. so it's hard to understand where don't trump comes from if you don't know that his is
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a felt sense of justice and this crude you know evaluation of is this right or is this is the wrong doesn't necessarily communicate with the more cumbersome world of international disputes resolution and so people feels that he's treated unfairly and doesn't know the real weight the united states brings to those those procedures that's the one part of the other is china is not always behaving in a way that the market economy is supposed to that is also. let's talk steel let's talk aluminum these are industries heavily subsidized by the chinese that means that way more steel and aluminum is produced than the world market can take that means that industries in real market economies. dwindle because in china they are state fed they get their revenue from the government and this is an unfair advantage but as i said and this is why i started with a w t o before this is easily
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a winner before. oh dispute settlement body trump seem to signal some openness to rejoining the trans-pacific partnership what would that mean concretely. that's really hard to say because the p.p.d. now comes into existence specifically and particularly without the united states so i don't see of us really having any leverage right here and what's interesting also is that with p.p.p. happening without the us nuff the negotiations with canada and mexico both parties to p.p.p. p.p. that's that's a whole lot of p.c.'s as well that become harder for the us because the us is the kid sitting outside the classroom right now. trump today it was almost a trump we rarely see he seemed to stick with message he didn't seem to make off the cuff remarks he seemed to have a scripted speech and he delivered it looked like using the teleprompter is this
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the trump that the international community wants to see a more restrained stylistically stylistically yes. i mean would that would have been the worst case trump who's you know mumbling getting going off this way in his train of thought so a lot of voters love that i mean yeah voters love the since markets you know don't go along well with insecurity or uncertainty and world leaders are a little bit touchy bald you know the economic and military superpower being not clear in its message that would have been the worst case back nevertheless i would dispute that this was really. a straightforward speech outlining it clear point a few because as i said if u.s. is open for business it's really a truism that the u.s. is trying everything to you know better its economy to to benefit from globalization this is something that we've seen already under obama and the last
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seven to eight years have seen an immense growth within the united states the men's growth why it's so the u.s. is really not you know the economic power that it used to be but it's profiting benefiting just like everybody else from very beneficial world economic growth tendencies right now that's nicholas pestles he is an expert on u.s. e.u. economic and political scientists here in berlin nicholas thanks for being with us on the day. well also coming up on the day she was a famous t.v. chef in syria now she's a refugee in germany and she's trying to teach in germans how to cook classic syrian dishes even the german chancellor is a fan of her food we've got that story for you coming up next in just a few minutes. but first last month this image went around the world and israeli flag set on fire at
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a pro palestinian rally here in berlin now the anger there was directed at israel but this site in the country that was responsible for the holocaust well it immediately raised the alarm let's take a look now at the figures on anti-semitism here in germany. an average of fifteen hundred hate crimes reported against jews every year between two thousand and one and two thousand and fifteen but the number of other reported cases well it's likely to be even higher and many jews who live in germany say they experience anti semitism in their everyday lives a study by the university of bilal feld says that twenty nine percent of jews in germany say they were insulted or harassed within the last twelve months three percent of them said they have been physically attacked now anti-semitism is often tangled with criticism of israeli politics last year a study found that forty percent of german citizens agreed with this statement
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saying looking at israel's policies i can understand that people are against jews. now most germans learn about the holocaust in school but many people here are wondering is that enough a local berlin politician named sauce on chamblee says that all germans including those seeking asylum here should be required to visit a concentration camp at least once in their life or yourself as muslims she's the daughter of palestinian refugees and she says she's concerned about the integration of the next generation of young muslims in germany she thinks visits like the one you're about to see can make a big difference. today's lesson is a visit to a concentration camp this school class has come to sachsenhausen north of berlin to learn about the nazi past. among the prisoners once held in sachsenhausen where
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people of the nazi regime deemed unworthy or subhuman. but i do believe everyone who survived this place said the worst thing was the unpredictability of. we didn't know what was going to happen there were rules but following the rules didn't mean you would be treated properly or that you could expect to be released soon the one hundred. jews homosexuals prisoners of war people deemed social outcasts and many others were imprisoned by the nazis at sachsenhausen a visit to the site can reveal more about the third reich than merely reading a history book. fans on globe i thought it was unbelievably moving and it shocked me a lot i'm grateful to our teachers and our school and very thankful i could experience this as well how it is and it's important to see that these terrible things happened and not just read about them in a history book which is just as least. since there's been a huge shock to experience this close up and to see what happened just moments of.
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the classes visit was intended to reinforce the message that anti-semitism racism and totalitarianism must never be allowed to happen again it's a message that's taking on renewed urgency there are concerns that muslim migrants could fuel a resurgence of anti-semitism in germany and indeed there's been an uptick in anti-semitic incidents. when we can see that among kids in school we see it on the streets on the subway it sometimes happens in conversations even with friends we see it in public debates and we're seeing it much more often on social media the biggest threat to jews comes from some sections of the muslim community tyler fung . in order to thwart the rising anti-semitic tide the central council of jews in germany is recommending compulsory visits to concentration camps for all school age children and asylum seekers but supporters say it must be done with sensitivity.
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so we're not. just forcing people to go is not enough you know they have to comprehend it was before otherwise it senseless it's a delicate balancing act. for this class the visit to sachsenhausen concentration camp was compulsory it's an experience that most will remember for a long time to come. always we now in the studio is jeffrey pack he's a higher education consultant and their best his are she he's a former teacher here in berlin who's currently leading an initiative against an nice anti semitism it's called kinga and you're focusing on students and young people let's start with you jarvis when you encounter a young person who has an anti-semitic attitude what form does that generally take what are their beliefs about jews ok basically it's very often somehow related to
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the middle east conflict and people very often mix up like jews with israeli citizens and. in old a life or in school context mainly it has something to do with the put us in an israeli conflict sometimes we also. see that the word jew is used as a best as a bad we're like a slur yes yeah and jeffrey we should say you were also a professor at the so mr and center here in berlin you've written several books about jews in germany we keep hearing about how anti-semitism is on the rise a lot of that is colloquially attributed to migrants arriving in germany have you seen any studies that back that up is that fair well i think that depends with whom you talk i've read a number of articles recently that have stated that there is data to show that the summit ism is on the rise. i think personally as
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a american jewish person living in berlin and friends i have would say we don't experience any of that. i think people who are in charge of or involved with jewish organizations are more sensitive to that and are more vigilant about that i wouldn't want to attribute it to to refugees i think that the point that we just made it's important to distinguish attitudes towards israel and attitudes towards jews and oftentimes they're mixed up and not clarified differentiated to nice especially here in germany where there is some high sensitivity where criticism of israel is sometimes we mistaken for anti semitism is there ning an israeli flag automatically anti-semitic what do you say as a jewish person. i think that as was stated i think earlier on. that. in germany in particular it has a symbolic value that it doesn't have anywhere else and so if it is really flags burned here i think most people would think it's anti-semitic. i don't think it
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necessarily means that it's anti-semitic but very well could be because oftentimes criticism of israel or anti zionism is a cover up for anti-semitism but not all criticism of israel is anti-semitic so again i think what has to really differentiate as much as possible but in germany it's as we know it's a special case and jervis you're muslim yourself you're working with keegan an organization that fights anti semitism that's a unique viewpoint do you worry that migrants are being scapegoated in this discussion of anti-semitism in germany first of all it's important to say that as a secular german n.-g. o. i myself it's true i'm also a muslim but to answer a question i think his there is such a dangerous developments like two to mention and seem to zoom predominantly in the context of migration or. like focusing on muslims or
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migrant groups so muslim communities is very often the case or was the case in the last weeks and months and this is simply wrong and dangerous at the same time. i think we must be really beware of the situation that we shouldn't should not allow that especially right group so far right groups or. parties should not use and simitis him. or should not or they should they we shouldn't allow that they misuse in acim it is him for like integration of debates or discourses because there we can clearly see it's not about con for confront. being in sim it isn't you know it's more of eliminating muslims and this is and to muslim hatred they don't want people to utilize this issue as a way to alienate refugees and people who are arriving to exhibit me tell us
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a little bit about how your initiative works to fight anti-semitism you're working in schools primarily right the big part of our work is on education we develop methods and programs for students but also teachers and we try to create in it where it is on the issue of simitis them it is a complex phenomenon and we try to like show the complexity we also talk about. the experience the only students is says of discrimination of all participants of them people can relate to feel it's a minute so we work on issues of identity or belonging and the next steps we took for instance about religion. is him or the diversity of jewish life in berlin so it's a it's we have
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a very complex approach which is inclusive interview grating i see you nodding i think it's a wonderful initiative that you have that we're hearing about and it makes me think that this is the kind of work that we all have to be doing and if you think that tomorrow's international holocaust remembrance day and part of the resolution was that was created by the united nations in two thousand and five was that. it's not only to remember the holocaust and its victims but it's also to work against discrimination prejudice incitement violence against anyone because of their ethnic background or religious belief so this really shows that. tomorrow commemorates not just the holocaust self but the issues about recognizing to accept to be tolerant accept people who are different diversity and you know is
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i'm a phobia is is just as bad as anti-semitism absolutely we opened a segment talking about compulsory visits to concentration camps is that something you would support do you think that would be good for all germans to have to visit a concentration camp to wrap things up briefly well i think that what typically said is really a noble. gesture on her part especially with her own background i just think that i'm not sure about making it compulsory i think that don't for people i think that when people come to germany want to become germans as immigrants they have. also except there's a history here that they become a part of and that's why i'm going to have to let you have the last word we're out of time for this segment that's geoffrey paki's a former professor at the so most stern center for jewish studies and dervis his r.c. former teacher here in berlin working with the anti semitism fighting initiative thanks for being with us john q thank you.
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well young people are constantly being told follow your dreams and your passions but sometimes life just gets in the way. mahdi was a well known chef in her home country in syria when the violence there forced her to flee she came to germany as a refugee and she rebuild her life from the ground up now she's got a successful catering business and her star is rising recently she landed a dream gig for many young chefs cooking for b. ip guests at the opening of this year's berlin film festival conjuring up the taste of damascus bringing the craziness of her home country like fried okra to germany is maliki just marty's passion the said two year old migrant hopes that she can help germans learn more about her heritage. they drive
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our food in the east they see it's it's good food it's not all that people seem to do we have only falafel and. after they see it it's very big maliki has been practicing his skills in the shared kitchen of this refugee shelter and then she now runs a catering business making the dishes she grew up with. she's also published a cookbook which takes readers into a world of colorful spices. the subtitle brings a smile to her face reads recipes of longing for my homeland a homeland that's been devastated by civil war maliki's husband made the perilous journey to germany by boat in twenty fifteen she followed one of hundreds of thousands of syrians to arrive that year but maliki's story is unique she was already somewhat of a star having her such a t.v.
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cooking show in syria and jordan and she's no stranger to cooking for v.i.p.'s she's prepared a meal for the german chancellor. so how does she feel about cooking for four hundred guests at next month's. from. not only had p. . it's like if you if you do your dream perhaps maliki's recipe for success is how she uses food to build bridges between cult says. and that's all from us we thank you so much for being with us here on the day and do check out our twitter let us know what you thought about the show for me and the whole team here in berlin have a great weekend frank office back with you next week.
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