tv Doc Film - Aerial Bombing - From Guernica to Hiroshima Part 1 Deutsche Welle February 4, 2018 4:15pm-4:59pm CET
you get a view of the whole of the west of crete. so you can practically see the whole island from top to bottom it's no amazing view. that you couldn't get on the ones. those who prefer to stay on the ground can take a gentle ride in the evening sun. i really like to ride in the beach because it's nothing you do you do it don't do it every day and it's just really nice. there are roads among the over the island it boasts thirty million on live trees in total. including one that's toted as being the oldest in the world it's estimated to be five thousand years old creech is also famous for its all of the crucial ingredient of the local cuisine for the novel. only one has always been the most important ingredient in
traditional recipes feel. it is. one of the traditional recipes in western creech is still goats meat that is slow roasted with onions herbs lemon and all of oil. spilled his restaurant. in ruins from the venetian era in the old town just behind the porch over twenty years ago he's been cooking traditional cretin cuisine ever since. the restaurant is particularly popular in the evening when the atmosphere was quite magical. and with that we wrap up another week don't forget to check out our social media pages for more on the program from my wonderful producer robert merrill and the rest of the crew here as always thanks for joining us through a syringe and frills. the be. the
italian same with tungsten home country kazakhstan. we need the mining tax to exist in the last fifteen minutes of the douglas. d w media center see it find it here it discovered. video and audio podcast from language courses in the g.w. media center at media center dot dublin dot com. he created the milestone. it was an instrument of propaganda and for such. it underwent a bankruptcy and restructuring. but it's still turning out films today. followed germany's biggest and oldest film company. so cinematic history from the german empire to the present place. the
pioneers the visionaries and the business play. one hundred years so from the first starting february eighteenth. when everything man knows it the children's food without food can do nothing before maybe is we can look at a lot of names they drop out of the school because of the way they did nothing when it comes to home that could have easily been us. at any one of us.
this is the w. news line from berlin greek nationalists make their voices heard thousands gather in front of parliament in athens warning the government it will not compromise on the long running dispute with neighboring macedonia and issues in a macedonia itself we'll go live to athens for more. posts are coming up as
turkey steps up its offensive against kurdish militia in the northern syrian city of afrin its civilians back in the bronx where you will talk about the human cost from our correspondent. and in the disney action a nightmare all very much for the goalkeepers as shaka local ones with bad of a name and find out which side of the world casteel box of being goes to have all the highlights coming up. from hell and a home for it good to have you with us a massive protest is underway in athens to oppose a potential deal with macedonia that would see a longstanding dispute over its name settled while greece has opposed its neighbors use over the name macedonia since it became independent from yugoslavia in one
thousand nine hundred ninety one athens says it suggests a territorial claims on its own more than a province of macedonia the two sides have pledged to find a solution this year. well for more on this let's bring in our correspondent in fans and feet kara salva i think what is it that demonstrate is and looking to achieve what's there a. well for starters a china today is the absolutely phenomenal and it has caught the officials here by surprise if not the government by some of the candidates we don't have an official access to that yet but if there were to tease. pete or deny there's a saying there one point five median greeks have turned. and are out there on the streets incentive aren't well they simply want is that they do not want to relinquish the name macedonian are to their neighbor. they believe.
is. should remain green and that this north country and its northern neighbor should find some. buyer to have a charset riccati heritage and i guarantee all right and people what about in greece itself the rest of the country how big is the opposition to the use of the name macedonia. absolutely is huge is a very very emotive issue and this in fact demonstrates today this rally that despite the fact that this is a thirty year long dispute it is a highly charged and wrote it one that's bringing out hundreds of thousands of people potentially even over a million out here on the streets there was a poll today showing that seven in ten creeks are opposed to the use of that name in macedonia in any kind of prospected name solution and that is creating a problem for the government which itself has agreed to so call composite name
which would include the name macedonia and any kind of potential solution so today's protests may may create a serious problem for the government fearing any kind of public backlash it may eventually and back down from any prospective deal now and say we're seeing live pictures of just so many people out on the streets potentially more than a million as you mentioned there what about security in the greek capital right now all police bracing for any turmoil. was a huge security exercise for the authorities here the higher lease force. actually out there on the streets understand that there have been a first just. own issues in certain pockets. of the capital is goldie's from the start of the day have been trying to block of. it and to shield this protest because there is another protest happen eight by the leftist
militant this is an extremist the right. who used. our. lines are. not exactly the same binds gotcha or correspond the carousel for us reporting from athens thank you now the track is on he says seven or eight soldiers have been killed in north west in syria this weekend it marks the deadliest face of turkey's operation against kurdish fighters since it began last month civilians have paid a price for the fighting with shelling forcing thousands to leave their homes turkey's military push has been focused on the kurdish enclave of afrin that's close to the border afrin is controlled by the y.p. gee that's a u.s. backed kurdish militia that turkey regards as
a terrorist organization. for more on this now i'm joined by our correspondent dorian jones who is in istanbul dorian what is turkey's goal with this mission its military mission known as operation on a branch. well the goal is to clear this syrian kurdish militia from turkey selvan border nischelle operation is in africa where they plan to create a thirty kilometer deep security zone but beyond that they found they plan to expand it much beyond much of turkey's some border several hundred kilometers where the syrian kurdish militia are base because he accuses militia of supporting a kurdish insurgency inside turkey a decades long battle as claimed tens of thousands of lives he says this is a clear and present danger to the country and that is why they need to remove it this force is strongly backed by the us us have around two thousand soldiers deployed with the kurdish militia across the turkey southern border and many of
them are based in the syrian town of mom beach which is the next object of turkey's operation after afrin that brings the threat of a real confrontation between turkey and the united states because despite repeated requests by ankara to remove these u.s. forces the u.s. has said they're staying put and the fear is at some point there will be a military face off if turkey continues to expand this operation daryn what is the mood like in turkey itself and how is the news being received this day. well this operation is broadly supported among the turkish public they point to turkish president type of one's argument that this is about the future of the country its security is at stake and he's been crisscrossing the country making very powerful nationalist speeches saying that this is a war of liberation from war of independence a war for the future of the country and by and large that is being told by the population but it has to be said this is all for asian drags on there is a concern that with the rising casualties of turkish soldiers which is expected
along with the plight of the civilians trapped in africa and the war why the region that support for the operation could wait and that's why we see an armed president to crack down on any forces of dissent opposing this operation we've seen seven hundred people arrested just for posting social media opposition to this operation and during we have heard reports of tech guards at the border with syria indiscriminately shooting at people trying to leave the country trying to flee the country this is something that turkey has denied what more can you tell us about that. so this is being made by the u.s. based human rights watch they say that they have evidence from witnesses saying that turkish forces have been shooting at refugees trying to flee to safety inside turkey has categorically denied this they say that they have still have an open door policy pointing the fact that there are three and a half million syrians inside turkey but this is not the first time human rights watch has made this allegation they've made
a detailed report last year making similar claims again rip. but these cases will add to growing international concerns over the plight of these refugees given the fact that its operation intensifies the prospect that several hundred thousand civilians could be displaced or many believed to head will be heading towards turkey turkey of this operation and will increase as well concern over the civilians here in that region daryn joins in a sample. and now some of the other stories making news around the world african migrants have been brought to safety off a shipwreck claimed the lives of at least twenty others near the spanish and play many are on the moral can coast spanish american security forces are looking for other possible survivors. actress emma thurman has broken her silence on a film producer harvey weinstein she said weinstein sexually assaulted her in a hotel room office they worked together on pope fiction in the one nine hundred
ninety s. more than seventy women have accused weinstein of sexual misconduct including rape a spokeswoman for weinstein says he denies assaulting them. is kind of all time well almost thousands of people are celebrating pre-con in rio de janeiro this weekend these street parties are called course and a form by groups of friends and neighbors as an alternative to the big conical celebrations which kick off next week. now germany's biggest political parties are meeting in berlin for what they've called a decisive round of talks over forming a new government of the two sides had set a deadline for today or though they had agreed on two extra days for overtime negotiations an agreement would move germany a step closer to the continuation of the grand coalition between chancellor angela merkel's conservatives and the social democrats but there are still sticking point points including financial and health policy. well as the german chancellor headed
to the conference room akhil expressed her hopes for a conclusive outcome. one thirty here we are meeting again today for the decisive round of talks and the one that's again if you don't start coming i can't say how long they will take it for but we made a lot of progress yesterday but there are still important issues we need to resolve i'm heading into these discussions with goodwill but i'm also aware that the tough negotiations are ahead of us today is not fun we know our duty and intend to fulfill it we can unsolved all the trolls who can get a sense of it. so will now and on saturday shocker we're hungry to reclaim second spot in the windows media table on the back of a solid record i guess but a man on the other hand well when it's in
a five games heading into the clash keep up their forward but i am in spring a surprise. to coaches fighting at opposite ends of the table florian curry felt braman of only won three times in the league this season the lowest ever tally at this stage when you're struggling to catch a victory the least you can hope for is you keep educating the ball unfortunately for graeme and you haven't caught up priyanka short squirms through the grasp of usually pad lenka. the stuff of nightmares but pov lanka partly a turn for his error early in the second half that save keeping the visitors in the game which were to connect favor during a calamitous two minute spell for south korea first material stars it's got a second yellow for that cynical talk show host down to ten men. and then from the resulting free kick around famine fifty eight braman equaliser i more
posturing fingers and max screws that was left with one of the species ia finishes . faster sharper breathless climax with. then cincinnati market piazzi nearly winning it shall care. for fragile seemingly determined to be outdone in the arab states by peddling fail to deal with the ball right at the top and this time zaccaria news that fits with the grateful recipient. so a vital if unlikely victory for braman in the relegation fights running a bloody to shelters champions league pursues. and mine unit continues to crush everyone in their path and their relentless pursuit of a sixth straight one does need a title struggling minds with the nation's side to be on the receiving end of some fabulous buy in strikes now first we have consciously betty expertly found the neck from the edge of the area it was the france internationals second
a good goal of the season then colombia's a measure of three guys made it to know another easy away win for the visit. so let's take a look at the results so far from match day twenty one when leipsic be allowed back one nailed by an one to nail awaits you mind and leave a couzin drew nail nail that shall cause surprisingly lost at home too but i am involved in stuttgart relegation six pointer by lane vs hoffenheim also ended one one on friday to win be three two and on sunday our spec take on frankfurt and how book host hannover. so let's take a look at what all those results mean on the bundesliga table with seven of nine matches in the books while no change at the top or in second life seek move up off their way when asked to dortmund shall commune down off to their shock defeat down the other end of the table well but then move up after that jewel might smooth down
on on dangerously close to the boss and to. you're watching news from berlin we're coming up at the top of the hour we're going to leave you now with some stunning footage from the lantern shows at the chinese spring festival enjoy. stories that people the world over inspiration paper heart opinions they want to stress g.w.
sends a few photos and dreamlike images that's all i have left from the first seven years of my life in kazakhstan. after that my family emigrated to germany and never returned. twenty five years later my mother announced she would go back with her sister for a visit i decided to accompany them. frantic african women as lean to see my son in south africa ten thousand kilometers away why can't i go to college and my husband said he wouldn't go there. with
him i met up with my sister and told her i'd love to go back to capital and visit the grave down in fun and for one scrap. the person dearest to my mother's heart was undoubtably her father a vulgar german who was deported to siberia during the second world war a truck driver who quickly fell in love with the wide open spaces and the steps. were not there in this modern economy and then had there and sometimes he took me with him he asked me if i wanted to drive i said yes so he sat me down gave me the steering wheel and i drove the truck has been helpful you just have to drive straight ahead you don't need a lot of skill i'm driving and driving and then i look over and see my dad has his eyes closed as if he's sleeping and now there's
a car heading towards us i say daddy daddy wake up this is where i had my first driving experience it's been. near disability or the book but my father loved giving gifts if i was sick i was always happy because i knew my father would bring me a gift it's been his above. nettie has been watching the boy he was very kind hearted. and my mother was strict she raised us and he brought us present. since. that was my upbringing it was the. bomb and then took over this one of the books and then he died my mother was the only one then all that remained was the strict upbringing and the belief. that. we could maybe that's why i have such special memories of my relationship with my
father he loved me very much and i loved him very very much yet. when he died i thought my life was over still to me as it won't show us. the little boy this little sometimes we get snow here in the winter while not a single snow flake cools there this is carrot town. i'm not. an auntie outa are you excited. my son and they sung. it down. here get it on number fifty i feel different things
sometimes well up so many memories are coming back to me and it fit better off if i ever think that once at our family here in atlanta after. i left here at forty seven and now at seventy one i'm coming back on the parents are nothing. but didn't last. long. this is. i don't know i have quite a different feeling here that. my mother was eight when her family moved from siberia to cairo tau the town by the
black mountains in kazakhstan swarm south in one thousand nine hundred with her family she left the town which had a population of forty thousand at the time. today it's home to just twenty thousand people or so apart from a few friends from his school days my mother doesn't know anyone and kyra tallon more. cutout the greenaway says in the middle of the steps the clean affluent soviet showpiece town what has become of. the apartment block with the circular staircases people here were once proud of
this modern building it was home to many young families what defines the town scape today. where and how do the people here live in. this square in front of the wires the pride and patriotism today where are the others and where are we. so that's about all you have such and that. shit the germans have been gone for twenty four twenty five years everything's run down now there were roads everyone was always surprised by how nice it was here the roads were surfaced and it was green. yes. but that's. the long.
view. if you when you have money who are going to let the. car do what it looked like the year for the how was the drive how well you alec is here. but look. i didn't realize i was driving them to you until i reached her child in the mall and. i brought you a key from tashkent there gulper. one for the girl and those for the boys let me. know that these are national ones we don't have them in kazakhstan. to tell you auntie ada bought seven or eight all for her grandchildren.
if it isn't. there. like. that. did you used to live here yes. greet our fellow countrymen thank you nice to see. specific that. only showed us things are we taking pictures of the house. if we agree i think yes we'll walk around everywhere that. our feelings. come in and be our guest. never worth that was not hold we have you come from from germany. but what
tun she's from for time my course. of action on why you encounter tao if you live here once we used to live here that. was it. that bad. that. you have to suppress and i was a bit worried that locals would be wary of us all that we wouldn't be so well received film from the so called of. the best of all were killed by him sufficient vecchi far as i know so many people left and then things got bad here things were falling apart in the soviet state many people was suffering badly i was worried we'd be associated with that for can if we're doing well and here they're doing badly. they did all the good will for the detail or even for all the
fun because we had for one slow version of good you know did well now you know you're going to the border to the whole of it that's all i remember i'm just not prepared for your prose it was from the heart thank you dear boy that we want expected to be greeted so warmly even though we left at the bridge you must love the little town we were here to be. one of the realities at night you have no idea we missed the five thousand greeks five thousand germans and ten thousand russians we thought twenty thousand people before you understand even though i thought of it that what this children with when you white and you listen we miss it that's why we came. here you. know not what you will want to. think you should look for one million dollars for of. yourself yeah sit down you want to give
up a little me about what i did sit down stand up big. why did the marina the three of us come the only cancer who sings in german. what. if we cut that cut out of my name is complaint. here. the germans left in the hope of finding a new home in germany the home our ancestors left in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries they followed the call a desires to move to the russian empire and they build german towns on the volga and in the caucasus they worked hard and prospered during the communist era they were dispossessed and in the second world war they were deported to siberia.
the story of the deportation the new beginnings the stories of the mind those were the fairy tales of my childhood. the moral of the story work hard work a lot and do no wrong. the germans lived in the russian empire for five generations they kept their culture and language alive even though they faced persecution and discrimination. then communism collapsed and half of the town left the fact that nobody was allowed to take along any money for their new beginning in germany didn't stop anyone those
in an impulse of the survivors state when the mom and we knew he was dying my mother my sister and brother was sitting next to him i was younger and was playing in the summer house with my nieces small holes to speed and threats. it was still light outside because it was the twenty first of june six o'clock in the evening suddenly this dog started howling it wouldn't stop for home tory. near to rob us of
i immediately had this plan and sensed that my father had passed the fiscal stored up and. do you feel closer to your father here yeah yes i think says the versa. i feel really happy here as if my dad were wrong here i can't explain it. and so point five for him when someone dies the spirit lives. in the south of the land i could think of the men stiffen fifty of the guys there must be something i don't
know looks like. rice and phyllis maybe he's looking down from heaven and seasons. sees me standing here with his granddaughter open for them. that would make him happy. those that didn't get funding. for the show that i think that. our driver has this insists on inviting us to his home the traditional meal served to guests is prepared over several days it includes fresh mutton. to see.
my mother's family settled in well when they moved from. siberia to carra town thousands of germans were already living here they had much in common german language the forbidden lutheran bible songs from the homeland there was no better place than car a town that's what my mother felt at the time. the strasser want and powerful incident for and we had friends and relatives on every street. it was down to thirty five when i
was done with work i would visit someone i would visit a friend or my sister or another sister or another friend the friend and his i was its force i walked everywhere it was lovely it was the norm the slums look the norm . it's the effect on me i feel like i'm not really here i'm just dreaming. it's on the last links. when she was twenty my mother started her own family. together with my father ryan hold a german from her neighborhood the soviets called it west berlin.
love it was a good. war and you had a billion neighbors. right that's it. i just. killed this lady's from germany she used to live here she'd lodge take some pictures to remember this place of course come in as if you don't want. to. look like the onus on home. ok i'll just look around and hope that the first run you think you know what the bird really was not what your son wanted but for the difficult life the circle was going to be for the sooner
you start getting closer to. him sleepless will just. go. out there linda. that's fun and this was just the entrance that got the school on its way there was this little fence and different varieties of grapes grow that. the oxen that are open. for satan is often. the fence went round here and there was the pergola. and the grapes grow up here. everything was green. because that's where we planted the potatoes and tomatoes over there you know for
certain stimulus or obviously different vegetables such as peppers onions all kinds of things. after all. they were grapes here under pergola. we sometimes had a cot where we could sleep a bit. and some of the office and chaff and conference or so that. i remember we slept there in the summer. as we slept the house oh yes and eat grapes until we fell asleep. yeah that's the part when you happy here yeah that's for sure it was nice. in the evening we always had these what are they called cricket is yes cricket it was very hot jaring the day and sometimes it was hot in the evening hot air would come down from the mountains as if from an oven to confront and back and concise and off no one. but when you're young that doesn't
bother you much but then again with us this feels. they have our scientists. there was a table here and we always sat here in the evenings eating and drinking talking and laughing to laugh from not. this horse in the world that i have all these little house was then transformed into a summer house we cooked there in the summers not in the house because it was too hot. but i don't have the self model s. and for brown that's why i sometimes burnt the food to the children where they're having their afternoon nap my mum come and not auburn's my husband came home in the
evening at six i was cooking i ran in and out and by the time i was back it was burnt what was i to do swaps full brunt of islam loss of islam. but there was time before my husband came home and i didn't want to put it anywhere you could see it so i dug a hole and started over there and they were from one of the words a cook and. they on the planet want to leave the little bit don't just run around and then this dog brought my husband a piece of meat i had buried the lot. draft and stick the phone with i think of it. as a food rather monster and you can't hide anything from my husband not even now he always finds things out by chance. it's hard to surprise my father so he has all the more fun surprising others at
school he stuck in sex down my mother's blouse as a father he had little time for practical jokes we children came along quickly and both my parents worked hard to build a life for themselves. is a good asset that. he still put up this carriage an eighty nine we had already sent in our papers but we didn't take it very seriously we didn't think we'd actually get to leave. after we sent in our but continued life it came as a surprise. when we were young children to learn. to go to school and to be able to attend church for. the kids.
a push. to . get him. hitting. zero. zero zero zero. zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero zero i got to get a lot of load of. water with. the soviet. unionists history in america even the people who state have had to ask questions about their identity and them about their faith their roots their traditions one tradition kazakhs have
discovered a new for themselves is the game of cup park the riders chase each other for the carcass of a goat in order to carry it into their opponent's goal. i know. that . they're losing weight in brazil although that was judging by the little girl i saw this new but they actually has a little little you've come to kazakhstan let's drink a lot of the way so there's a regular gust foolish decision i give it to you to do i do it because you've got a little football here. a little side effects with you last you still not all of us are interested in what you know what a question it up as you go cause wasn't there was until year eight i was in class
w. in years nine and ten i was in class. see what you ate in class w. yes i cannot. live on a rover i know i love students of the day i meet you always together you force me to go out with a tent remember that. i remember you always run around together you leave us now mr yours that's right i don't. think less of you find any they recognise each other. all of them i was there too and you threaten me will you go out with her and i said no i cried how many years did we walk home from school together. that's the education of a loser the last post office shares the next you'll say you hugged and you just forgot i. think. the latest lonely night. i did have i think we have a photo of a somewhat tacky. i did us
just a editor glasses or a bad. fortune. i have a little to. the will of the gloves a new dog. and usually a thumb. show well there's a box office duck does anyone prefer it without her i've scattered them over everything a child's still going to show in the italian film i feel like any gemini they eat even more herds than we're used to. thank goodness enjoy. the minions of trees sixty percent of the children in my class were german ranchers that were sort of the actually a coke loss used to have forty two children i was always lucky with good students.
if only in your will or she said but still the question. god i have was recently in organist when i put my first class together the germans came you came with your mother nina please take my daughter marina into your class and i said fine you want that if she will marry no wrote with her left hand. donations and that's why i came to ask that she would continue writing with her left hand and the all not at the door. i remember this conversation with my teacher well my gentle mother she achieved things in her own way. the air.
another memory i have is of cafe crystal where we often ate ice cream it was a special place so i dressed up in priest's girt and put white ribbons in my hair to. work. with children took roaming around the streets for granted my many cousins and i grew up like siblings nobody had to play along. i associate that freedom and feeling of security with car attack with the sand the tickles in your nose and the wind that's playing with your hair it's still the same place today.
me and my little eleven all. the water that came out of congratulations i'm very pleased for all of you i was born in kara tao and lived here for seven years there as it exists but yesterday as you know i left almost twenty five years ago now i miss it. that would tell you that's why i'm happy to be here to get to know you and celebrate with us i mean a lot of what. i mean a. body no more smallpox the book almost no we just threw it out and you have to go with. just the repeat like good luck. a lot of other people not all of them say well it is not however i was ready for you that was expanded
so if none of it's absurd to me it's close to my home. most of the stuff catacomb understood even though i wasn't born here i was born in siberia the town of kalak how feels like home for here just mannheim. i say that from my heart and from have said. he didn't know that before this trip. money not really known not atolls and this month. says for your risk radioing more warsaw. store. who. need.
but. above dropping bombs on civilians. more troubling situation escalates its no longer in her scruples. ruthless cultural issues military leaders were gopi extent of the past good technological her husband to come as a gracious massacre's the book may come to her in fifteen minutes on d w. the rooms barely feel.
the scars on some of. the pain still tangible. the suffering for god. for cities and. they have survived but do they also have a future. i really understand people who say they don't want to stay here. but i also admire people who want to stay here and who decided to create something . new beginning in peace time who are the people making it possible what needs to happen if tolerance and reconciliation are to stand a chance. out of darkness cities after war. starting march tenth on d w.
this is d.w. news live from burning greek nationalists make their voices heard the sounds of gather in front of parliament in athens during the government they will not compromise in the long running dispute with neighboring macedonia at issue and i must add earlier itself we'll go live to athens from the. course there coming up with the deadline looming to form a new government germany's biggest parties meet to hammer out a deal we'll hear from our political correspondent after those troops. and diplomacy on ice as the joint north from south korean ice hockey team take to the
rink in a friendly against sweden this was their first match before the winter olympics next week so was it a friendly old frosty start to go find out. the. time helen a home for good to have you with us and massive protest is underway in thins to oppose a potential deal with macedonia that would see the longstanding dispute over its name settled now greece has opposed its neighbors use of the name macedonia since it became independent from yugoslavia in one nine hundred ninety one athens says it suggests a territorial claim on its own north of the province of macedonia and the two sides pledged to find a solution this year. well for more on this we can bring in our correspondent in athens and the kara salva and say what is it that the demonstrators are looking to
achieve what are they calling for. well for starters the turnout has been absolutely phenomenal authorities are also trying to pay down they've put out an initial statement saying that about one hundred forty thousand just showed up organizers are putting that number up to one point five million. difference between the two but we've clearly seen hundreds and hundreds of thousands of people out there in the demand this is just why greeks do not want to relinquish the name macedonia greek name to it is their northern name. in light of these name disputes that eased negotiate between athens the government in athens and so here they believe the name is greek they do not want to hand it over and they believe that this tiny balkan state is
just north of greece has territorial aspirations and wants to claim united which is simply not there what about within greece itself how big is the opposition to the use of the country name macedonia. the opposition is huge and this this protest in fact is symbolic of how emotional it happened what an emotive issue this is with thirty years after this if this name dispute kind of erupted and yet it stokes a lot of passions here to be bringing out so many people and the latest poll over the weekend show that seven in ten greeks oppose any use of the name macedonia in a solution that's being figured out between these two countries is that what's the government here. in a bind because it has in fact to really to proceed with negotiations that would
include the name only in some sort of a composite name briefly and i mean are police expecting any turmoil. oh well. it's largely been a peaceful protest but it's not over yet and authorities are bracing for some violence that happens on streets on the on the french. they're staying put in there hoping to keep militant extremists from both sides. all the turkish army says seven of its soldiers have been killed in northwest syria this weekend it marks the deadliest phase of turkey's operation against kurdish fighters since it began last month civilians have paid a price for the fighting with shelling forcing thousands to leave their homes turkey's military push has been focused on the kurdish enclave of afrin close to
the border now afrin is controlled by the white p.g. that's a u.s. backed kurdish militia that turkey regards as a terrorist organization. now germany's biggest political parties are meeting in berlin for what they have called a decisive round of talks over forming a new government now the two sides had set a deadline for today though they have agreed on two extra days for overtime negotiations an agreement would move germany a step closer to a continuation of the grand coalition between chancellor angela merkel's conservatives and the social democrats but there are still sticking points including financial and health policy. well as the german chancellor headed to the conference room merkel expressed her hopes for a conclusive outcome. the here we are meeting again today for the decisive round of talks in the one that's again bitterness toward come i can't
see how long they will take it for but we need a lot of progress yesterday but there are still important issues we need to resolve . and heading into these discussions with goodwill but i'm also aware that the tough negotiations are ahead of us today. far and we know our duty and intend to fulfill it we can on twelve. of them and our political correspondent kate brady is a social democrat headquarters in berlin where the three parties are negotiating kate kurt we see coalition agreement today. well of course we have seen progress helena in the last few days from all three of the parties involved in these talks that we heard as well from martin schultz the leader of the social democrats this morning who said despite this progress there are still many issues which need to be resolved and a lot of these obstacles revolve around social policy and we've already also heard
today that the c.s.u. that's the bavarian system party to merkel's conservatives that they've actually already cancelled a board meeting for tomorrow which could indicate of course that these talks will be expected to extend into monday and of course today's deadline so to speak was a very loose deadline and the parties have given themselves a two day buffer so it could well be that we are still here in two days' time or a case to tell us more then about these topics that are still causing trouble. with the main obstacles are as i mentioned these social policies that martin schultz mentioned and they cover the german health insurance system and also limited contracts in the german work market and also and so these are going to be more obstacles to overcome and the conservatives are very much against any sweeping reforms to the german health care system whereas the social democrats are very much
in favor of abolishing the current two tier system here so we still have a way to go for it kate dare i ask what happens if these talks for a grand coalition fail. well as we know you the only other coalition option for merkel with the business friendly f.t.p. in the greens is already off the table those talks fell through back in november so the only other options would be a minority government which merkel has already rejected on several occasions and the only other option then would be a new election something that all of the parties are against and most certainly the social democrats who saw their party plummet down the polls again this week and they're currently at eighteen percent and so they've already fallen another two percentage points since those elections back in september so there's really no good option for anyone right now so merkel is certainly keen to get
a deal on the table and as soon as possible of course we have to remember as well than any deal if we see one come out of these negotiations will be voted on by all four hundred forty three thousand members of the social democrats that's a promise that martin schultz gave to members so again this is still going to take quite some weeks political correspondent kate brady at the headquarters of the social democrats in berlin thank you. now to some of the other stories making news around the world a train collision in the u.s. has left at least two people dead and more than fifty injured the amtrak passenger train reportedly struck a freight train and derailed columbia south carolina although already say all passengers have been evacuated and they're now trying to determine the cause of the crash. african migrants have been brought to safety off to a shipwreck claimed the lives of at least twenty eight alders near the spanish
enclave of melia on the moroccan coast spanish american security forces are looking for other possible survivors. actually my firm has broken her silence on film producer harvey weinstein she said weinstein sexually assaulted her in a hotel room in the one nine hundred ninety s. and seventy's women have accused weinstein of sexual misconduct conduct including right a spokeswoman for weinstein's as he denies assaulting them. to the windows a going now and blood back hosted at leipsic on saturday with both teams in the race for a top four sport and with it champions league qualification like they had picked up just one win from their last seven when disney games but an unbeaten record against plaid back but it well for a change in fortune. the bulls headed into the game thinking that their rights had
to come to an end and from the get go they charged a glove pass defense bruma testing the falls reserve keeper to be a simple early on. both sides game plan was to slowly break down the opposition but neither team showed much creativity as the injured rafael looked on from the stands. up but with the better side is the second half began and they created their best chance of the day but to take cameron and last into couldn't convert. checking fired his team on from the sideline but it was live as if you grab the game by its horns creating chances and putting the hosts on the pressure. cipel was the only man on the pitch that could keep the bulls at bay. but hospital wasn't best pleased and brought on new firepower in the form of on loan signing at the moment and look man the debutante needed just eleven minutes to
find the back of the net one mil for live sage in the eighty nine minutes. i live seek extent. their own beason streets of pool games the games club and look them well what's a start to life in germany. by munich continue to crush everyone in their path and their relentless pursuit of a sixth straight one does need a title struggling minds with the latest side to be on the receiving end of some fabulous finds strikes close to enough home to be a expertly found in the edge of the area was the france international second to the goal of this season then the longest mr rodriguez made it to nil another easy win the fair. so let's take a look at the results so far from match day twenty one leipzig be allowed back one nil on one to nail a way to mind fribourg an eva who is injured nil nil shock a surprisingly lost at home to put a human full spec and drew
a relegation six pointer when investors hoffenheim also ended one one on friday to beat cologne three two and on sunday outspoken take on frankfurt and how book host hanifa. will first and then pick women's hockey team consisting of players from both north and south korea has ramped up their preparations for the pyong chan winter games the site took to the rink together for the first time this weekend in a friendly match against sweden the twenty two player squad featured four north koreans. it's the most talked about team at this year's winter olympics the combined north and south korean women's us hockey team donned their skates for the first time in front of three thousand fans in incheon former olympic silver medalist sweden lined up against them for the historic fixture. korea showed a lot of fights. and the crowd went wild when i slotted home i. be
if but it was it's not swayed uncomfortably prevailing history one victors. while the combined tame is same by many is a step towards storing relations between north and south korea not everyone has welcomed the news. rallies were held outside the rink protesters tearing up posters of the north korean flag. and the country's leader kim yong on. one way to convince the skeptics could be a limpid glory korea kicks out there kyung chan campaign against switzerland on february tenth. it watching the dow really nice from len i'm helen outrage well coming up at the top of the hour you can always get.
those who controlled the skies fell to omnipotent. world war two solve the birth of the hideous idea that victory could be achieved more quickly by bombing civilians but precisely for that reason we must ask why did civilians become bombing targets. it all began with a marvelous dream at the dawn of the twentieth century infuse he asked the crowds gathered to admire humankind's first aviation exploits these birds were good omens
that had the potential to overcome great distances and bring people closer together . yet planes could barely climb a hundred meters into the sky when out of the public eye other adventurous began transforming that dream into a nightmare. in one thousand nine hundred eleven be a talian aviator julio gov otic hand dropped history's first bombs on libyan rebels . the colonial world became the playing field for the pioneers of bombardment the imperial powers of italy britain and france. each was facing its own rebellion by supposed savages the peoples of libya syria india and iraq
shortly after world war one a british officer named arthur harris served in iraq and was impressed at how airpower could keep large stretches of territory under control. he noted in forty five minutes a village can be wiped out under third of its inhabitants killed. incher. this music cited military commanders promise would revolutionize war thrilled strategists began calculating on the potential advantages of this new sort of warfare. they spoke of aerial domination of swift and decisive victories. even as ever more imposing prototypes crisscrossed the sky ordinary europeans continue to believe that the threat of bombing was distant and theoretical.
up but the danger was drawing near. when he took power and nine hundred thirty three adult hitler began the process of rearmament. his thirst for domination knew no limits. and he saw the last far as a main instrument of his future conquests. with no one to stop him hitler was free to develop germany's air force into a powerful offensive weapon. that. dima bands b.m.w. and other leading companies were only too willing to go along with it was plants. the aviation factories of high messerschmitt and yonkers developed planes whose
xterm old forms alone were meant to inspire terror. flight schools attracted ambitious military personnel. but no amount of training could replicate the. variants of just one day of war. talk finds strafing fire with machine guns bombing communication networks strategic factors to see if it is it is a nine hundred thirty six the legion con dog a unit of nazi aviators intervened in the spanish civil war. hitler supported franco's fascists against the republicans but he also had another reason for deploying his air force. with france and britain staying out of
a conflict hitler used spain as a site for accelerated training. some sixteen thousand germans would find him spain . alongside pilots and machine gunners engineers meteorologists to determine the best times for bombing. and photographers who helped identify targets and assess the results of attacks. april twenty sixth nine hundred thirty seven believing they were out of the public eye nancy officers authorized a horrific experiment. that day twenty four german and italian bombers took off on a new type of mission. the objective to test the effects of bombing on the inhabitants of a small town of no military importance whatsoever. it can
account. for it was it if t. . more than thirty tons of bombs rained down on the town. it's seven thousand inhabitants killing several hundred people. a few hours later the bombers returned home the mission was considered a success. and . the town was quickly occupied by franco's troops tara had paid off.
british journalist george steer was able to visit the town immediately after the massacre. he wrote. the whole of guernica was soon in flames monday was the customary market day the market was full. all together the deaths may run into hundreds. many were forced to remain round the burning town lying on mattresses or looking for lost relatives and children. astonishment. incomprehension. steere concluded the raid on guernica is unparalleled in military history.
hitler was not at all pleased by steers article which made its way around the world and tarnished his military's image there was no way the nazis were going to admit responsibility for such a massacre. his propaganda machine reacted immediately and found a scapegoat. you shouldn't read about the actual truth so i get into stuff about it you dumb ass to the internet and out of it read it in the middle of the empire at random and over there but it is a bad match they did it again and the stuff i am. reading about. the most powerful response to the lines had nazi propaganda came from one of the most famous painters of the day. monumental painting danica was
a howl of protest against modern warfare and the targeting of civilians it depicted the horror of the survivors and the butchering of innocent people. because those nightmare imagery would prove prophetic. shanghai. non king. chong came in that same year nine hundred thirty seven japan's invasion of china began with bombings. people fled in panic for shelter has. the bombs warmed steel disfigured cities and
slaughtered civilians. the second sino japanese war may have been a long way away but the image of an orphan abandoned at the shanghai train station moved west an opinion deeply. in european cities compassion gave way to concern a journalist from london recalled. the vision we all had there was a vision built up from guernica and china but also from the film the shape of things to come we all knew what war would be. this big budget film played in every western capital in one thousand thirty six.
adapted from a novel by h.g. wells it was the apocalyptic account of a city obliterated by bombs. i believe it. was well centuries tell of the aerial bombing and the near future. the city's name was every town. and. nine hundred thirty eight. fears of a new world war began spreading reality was about to surpass science fiction. as protection against chemical gas attacks which had been used in world war one
millions of gas masks were distributed. but the big. threat would not come from poison gas in the two years preceding the second world war western nations prepared themselves for the bombing of civilians. city after city started analyzing its vulnerability in new york it was calculated the two squadrons of bombers alone could paralyze the city. in london with its eight million inhabitants the government launched an emergency program to build shelters. in a biscuit that i think that has been the comfortable night. but how much protection
could thin corrugated shelters offer against a barrel of steel. on september first nine hundred thirty nine hitler's troops invaded poland. world war two had begun. to. back out in european capitals lights were turned off so that enemy warplanes wouldn't be able to use them for orientation. in paris london and even in berlin no one felt safe anymore. the war many dreaded for so long had finally come. on september third france and britain declared war on germany. later that day u.s.
president franklin roosevelt announced. that. he had already sent a letter to germany poland italy france and england. i'm addressing this urgent appeal to every government which may be engaged in hostilities publicly to affirm. that its armed forces shall not undertake the bombardment of civilian populations or on four to five cities at this point england and france had yet to fire a shot. meanwhile germany enjoyed nearly total air superiority its love trafford was making quick work of poland. was. was a number of polish cities most notably the capital warsaw were bombarded.
on october sixth nine hundred thirty nine poland surrendered to the right. although at the time hardly anyone could envision it what happened to warsaw was but a small taste of things to come. twelve percent of the city was destroyed by german bombs. hitler claimed that his forces had only gone after military targets. but the loved bombers were clearly engaged in psychological warfare. field-marshal hammond getting commander in chief of the luftwaffe or proclaimed what we did to poland we will do to france and england. yes despite the german aerial threat the french general staff was astonishingly
confident they may have had more manpower and equipment than germany as well as the support of england but their strategy was hopelessly out of date. that. the first world war had been dominated by static trench warfare the second world war. was to be completely different. i. feel. on may tense nine hundred forty the allies got their first taste of modern warfare in the form of the german blitzkrieg the cities of western continental europe were effectively presented with a choice surrender people. one by one western european cities fell. after
a brief period of futile resistance brussels was declared an open city meaning it was handed over to the enemy without fighting. the netherlands also surrendered but too late for rotterdam this was fatal. german planes bombarded not only oil and gas facilities but also the mediæval city center. an area of two point six square kilometers was leveled and eight hundred fourteen people died. millions of dodge belgians and french civilians fled the advancing german army and their force.
passed. to spare paris the fate of rotterdam the french government in exile in bordeaux declared the capital an open city. on june fourteenth the vast entered the nearly deserted city. six days later an armistice was announced. in two months six countries had fallen into the hands of the national socialists. hitler now turned his gaze to britain. past. but the new british prime minister was undaunted by german threats winston
churchill was determined to fight to the end. yet the country was already in a state of high alert children were evacuated from the city is. what hitler dab on london. accu. when the battle of britain began to look for restricted itself to military targets like airfields and aviation factories. from the french coast where his bombers had taken up positions girling promised hitler that he would eradicate the royal air force the r.a.f. in two or maybe three weeks. but
soon what may have been an accident would dramatically change the history of bombing. on august twenty fourth one thousand nine hundred forty a few german bombs fell on the city of london and the a stand in the heart of the english capital the fire department recorded seventy six heads. how would churchill respond to this decision was critical britain was not in a position of strength. within twenty four hours the prime minister nevertheless ordered the r.a.f. to strike a german cities including by them. it. to reach the german capital r.a.f. planes had to cross through one thousand kilometers of enemy territory.
german defenses were for medical the mission almost impossible. intense anti aircraft fire forced the planes to fly higher reducing the accuracy of their bombing. the damage was insignificant but for girling it was a humiliation had he not sworn that if germany were bombed he would eat his hat. in reality hit look at not have wished for anything better it gave him a pretense for loosening the reins on his bombers.
is under his call the german air raids the blitz and it took on a new strategy the luftwaffe and now called for the destruction of indian cities and the terrorizing of civilian populations military targets took a back seat london was bombed nearly every day. picture had high hopes for this new strategy the constant lethal threat from above was intended to break the morale of the british people and destroy the country's economy and capacity to defend itself once the social order had collapsed germany could launch an invasion.
a londoner wrote dear brother there is not one building standing but a heap of earth brick. we took out eleven bodies. apparently there are others underneath. the wailing of sirens the incessant alerts they're even worse than the bombing. sleeping has become impossible. when he took office churchill had promised blood toil sweat and tears how else to describe the fate of these bombed out people. state officials watched out for signs
that morale was crumbling how would the british people react the public mood could be decisive in this war. but the british public proved surprisingly resilient. where madness and chaos were expected there was solidarity. where demobilization was feared there was an incredible combative spirit. people adjusted to the bombing. as many as two hundred thousand people spend their nights in the underground despite appalling hygienic conditions. others commuted daily in order to spend their nights outside the cities. the.
news reports trying to make people forget the blonde chant they were careful not to film corpses. of the forty three thousand deaths under the reign of german bombs we have only a handful of images. if the british were able to resist it was because their prime minister had promised them that revenge would be on its way. to the german leg and the leg. in reality british aviation was quite incapable of standing up to germany. but churchill's rhetoric did its job the british people held on and dreamed of vengeance some day. i the prime minister's approval ratings soared throughout the blitz.
ultimately hitler had to face facts the bombardment he believed would be swift and decisive was totally ineffective indeed counterproductive. the third reich also needed airplanes for the war it had declared on the soviet union in the east. and the blitz was over. in the summer of one thousand nine hundred forty one hitler attacked the u.s.s.r. . during this gigantic operation promise once again played the role they had before the blitz supporting the advance of four million invading troops.
soon moscow was in sight. that same year on this. number seven japan launched a surprise attack from and craft carriers against the american base of paul harbor on the island of oahu why. even though it was a military target the u.s. was shocked. the americans declared war first against japan and then germany. the america during this gigantic operation pomus once again played the role they had before the blitz supporting the advance of four million invading troops. soon moscow was in sight. that same year on december
seventh japan launched a surprise attack from and craft carriers against the american base of paul harbor on the island of oahu ho why. even though it was a military target the u.s. was shocked. the americans declared war first against japan and then germany. the american. right by. the way. in late one nine hundred forty one the axis powers were dominating on all fronts but britain knew it could now count on two powerful allies. the soviet union. and the united states.
in england they were still diffusing bombs from the blitz. a paradoxical situation arose although the british had just proven the ineffectiveness of bombarding civilians and said his it was in britain that the strategy of aerial bombing would resurface. it was the work of an oxford physicist named frederick lindemann. this scientist was little known to the general public he was nevertheless a primary advisor to churchill who gave him the friendly nickname of profit. as the very first bombs were falling on london lindemann and his research team set about to scientifically demonstrate that aerial bombing could ensure military victory. to this end he analyzed the vast amount of data collected from the ruins
of the blitz. in much nine hundred forty two he communicated his conclusions in a one page memo to the investigation seems to show that having one's home demolished is most damaging to moral more than having their friends or even relatives killed. the number of houses destroyed for every tonne of the number of bombers available the distribution of the german urban population according to his frightening projections lindemann estimated he could force twenty two million germans to become refugees and toppled the third reich. in the prime minister's circle these calculations were greeted with skepticism but
the prof was able to convince churchill. for that remained was to find the man and able to conduct this dirty war. one name stood out as the obvious choice. arthur harris soon to be nicknamed. the new air officer commanding in chief of our a.f. bomber command was made for this particular mission a former pilot he had earned his stripes on bombing runs in the colonies where he gained his unshakable faith in aerial weaponry. gladly took up the challenge that many thought impossible to win world war two soley by air ranks. well that never been tried yet.
and rostock were two of harris's early triumphs the targets chosen were close to britain and poorly defended. but harris wanted more his next target was supposed to be hamburg but paul whether their forced him to shift his sights to cologne and its seven hundred thousand inhabitants. or succeeded in getting all of the england sand for supported his disposal and all of the available pilots including instructors. the operation by the codename millennium. on the night of may thirtieth nine hundred forty two more than a thousand bombers took off from english bases. never before had
a rate involved this many planes. germany's lines of defense were overwhelmed. after cologne it was the turn of the s. and braman to suffer a massive bombing. at our a.f. bomber command enthusiastic reports spoke of raised city's massacres and masses of homeless people on the basis of partially blurry photographs military analysts believe. the germany could be brought to its knees within a year. but what did they know about the true effectiveness of their bombing.
the air. in cologne the bombers destroyed tens of thousands of homes and put more than forty five thousand people out onto the street. but in essence only eleven homes were hit bad weather meant that most british bombs missed their targets. i wasn't worried on the contrary the british bombs reminded civilians that they were engaged in a life or death struggle he ordered his minister for propaganda use of goebbels to ready the german people for
a lengthy fight. goebbels rhetorical strategy stress the idea of vengeance he promised to annihilate england with retaliatory weapons of inconceivable might. the be one and v. two rockets. they were only in the developmental stages. so gerbils blamed scapegoat the jews whom the regime had been persecuting for ten years. they would be the ones to pay the ultimate price for the bomb damage. apartments and property confiscated from german jews who had been sent to concentration camps were given to people who had suffered in the bombardments.
and this system was extended to all the countries under german occupation. for instance twenty seven thousand train carriages full of household goods were sent from paris and antwerp to german cities. using looted property the nazi regime was able to compensate those who suffered from the first wave of british bombing. in late one nine hundred forty two party agents received three hundred seventy thousand claims for compensation for which the state immediately paid out one hundred twenty six million marks that was a relatively small sum for a regime that had billions at its disposal from europe's jews it would not be easy
for bombers to bring an end to such a powerful empire. but the fierce battle had begun. in britain bomber command was now receiving a third of the defense budget factories began producing a new category of plane heavy bombers. the average lancaster and the halifax were twice the size of germany's hind calls from the blitz. in early one nine hundred forty three harris refined his strategy he decided to concentrate on cities in the hood valley that ice leading industrial region was also its most populated. the objective is to destroy working class neighborhoods.
to be certain of hitting them he proposed extending the target range to include entire cities. this technique was dubbed carpet bombing. the engineers of bomber command also developed a lethal technique. a first wave of explosive bombs would blow off the roofs of buildings. a barrel of incendiary bombs would then stop mass fires. and a second wave of explosive bombs would prevent firemen from extinguishing the flanks . up.
the hope was that the fires would combine to form a blaze of such intensity that it would create a firestorm able to consume an entire city in a few hours. the british government signed off on harris's plan. churchill made a point to personally warn german civilians. that. movement. the british inflicted
massive damage on the cities of the uk each air raid was now causing over a thousand deaths. the fourth. on july twenty fourth nine hundred forty three operation gomorrah commenced against the city of hamburg pilots returning to england said the glow from the inferno was visible up to three hundred kilometers away. the bombing of hamburg was like no other some forty two thousand six hundred people were killed. after hamburg the british intensified back campaigns but still victory was not attacked. the general staff in the united states have promised not to target
the evangelical school bell and center does away with conventional timetables and grades and imparts a twenty first century version of christian values we accompany three students in their everyday school life i've got a manic school both distant tugs. and thirty minutes on t.w. . tells us stirring stories celeb it makes us laugh. cry a claim and smile any magical images. emotion. ledger no good because every can't own d.w. .
parliament in athens warning the government they will not compromise and a long running dispute with neighboring macedonia at issue and a macedonia itself will go to athens a little. over they're coming up with the deadline looming to form a new government germany's biggest policies meet to hama and a deal will hear from all political correspondent those who talks. to play.