tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle February 18, 2018 10:00am-10:31am CET
this is the doubly new year's live from berlin at the munich security conference the focus shifts to the middle east israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu is due to address the conference shortly and on trival iran is also a prominent feature today with the country's foreign minister delivering his remarks as well we'll be bringing you live coverage of the speeches.
christophers bring it good to have you with us tensions in the middle east takes center stage today at the munich security conference israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu is due to speak shortly followed by iran's foreign minister mohammad job shareef later today while we wait for those speeches to start we're going to talk to. resign as one of our middle east analysts. the munich security conference is one of the showpiece security events of the year binyamin netanyahu the israeli prime minister he's not at the stage yet what you expect from his speech well you were mentioning iran are trival from that and now it's a personal crusade for many years we're going to hear iran iran and iran against especially for take into consideration where we were last week this time the weekend we were seeing you rainy and and i mean clashes in syria over even. travelling to israel and being you know it was. exactly but for israel there was
a clear provocation and clear. test of you know trying to. the borders of israel they were setting very keyboards being very aggressive but also. taking a very deep communication having an f. sixteen jet being full and you know taken down by anti anti by syrian forces that's something that we haven't seen in israel since one thousand nine hundred two so that was a big blow for israeli security and for that more all you know for the pride of israeli air forces so for you know if you put this in the context of iran today and what netanyahu the message he's trying to send is israel has a right to defend itself and he's going to he's going to probably use this speech to prove to the world you bring in connection of course to hezbollah which you know for many years the shiite axis in the middle east hezbollah as iran proxy agents you know on the borders of israel is very interesting i just want to break it down
from viewers a little bit almost sort of give a jogger a few lesson if you will so basically. to its north israel shares a border with syria and iran supports hezbollah which is actually based in lebanon right now but we have also very close by but you know it isn't as if in syria does the northern border the tip northern part is lebanon and the and the eastern northern part of the border israel this is the golan heights what are actually also on there under contention whether it's this is a part that israel occupied in one thousand sixty seven from syria officially syria saying this is theirs of course israelis have no plan in giving that part up and he time soon so israel is basically in this has direct border with syria but also has a direct border with lebanon and its bit and if this is where all this tension is happening this is. exactly and the u.n. ians are used to be active for many years only lebanon when syria when assad was
much stronger but following the civil war and in syria when iran had the chance to go in and actually found itself much much more easily also than in lebanon because assad is also a supporter of. or being supported by iran because of the shia axis again assad is from the family of a low it's a very small shiites sect in syria so the connection with iran was always a more natural one now it's out there in the open it's easy for them to be active in syria in addition to being active in the been through his bala. so but just again to break it down essentially the war in syria has allowed iran through its proxy. to to be active in syria and to be active very very close to the border with israel indeed indeed then that's israel's biggest fear that now they see bases of hezbollah. agents and military operations being coming closer and closer with iran direct support and funding coming closer into the border before it was
a bit far away it was pushed it was you know hezbollah through iran but many times in iran and you know getting trained in iran and coming back to lebanon and so on now the center of action is right at israel's border and this is their biggest fear and this is going to be netanyahu the message we cannot allow our arch enemies the u.n. years to get stronger and bigger right at you know and actually pose a direct threat to millions of israeli citizens we know that hizbullah we know that iran capacities are such that they can directly threaten israeli citizens in the northern part of israel but also deep into the center of the heart of israel the biggest metropolitan area which is tel aviv ok so this is the message that's any i was going to be sending out the the motto of the munich security conference this year is to the brink and back what you're telling me that is that we are very much at the brink of a conflict in the middle east conflict between israel and iran even though it may
be via iran proxies iranian proxy militias or. the people that i'm talking to in the middle east i have far fewer contacts the new the telling me it's not a question of if there's going to be a conflict between those two actors israel and iran but when do you see it the same way we really on the brink of conflict in the middle east well there's no doubt i mean we can see also a feat if you take lebanon you know if we want to take iran influence in the region we break it into two elements hizbullah in lebanon and then we have iran in support of his bill and also iran direct agents in syria that if you will look into lebanon we see very last week very calculated exchange of threats and accusation between israel and lebanon regarding lebanese see it as a violation of their border and serenity because israel is building up a wall and a fence along the line the blue line which marks the border in the border between
israel and lebanon we see a heated exchange of threats there that's nobody's yet making the step but it's quite clear that it serves both sides in that aspect that lebanese are now approaching. a pain there's a this election coming up in may so that serves the he's very well in israel as always netanyahu and self-involved with many. well i'd say he has problems with you know we've heard this week about the police. recommending to indict him and. he is you know he can only also gain from having some sort of security crisis right now i don't see anybody pushing beyond so fast but what we know in this region is that it doesn't need much of intention any kind of small mistake a little mishap can become a very big can turn out in a consult in a very big incident or a very big clash and it's going to very quickly that are going to watch out shiny thank you so much for now you're going to stay with us because we there's plenty to talk about we are still waiting for binyamin netanyahu the israeli press israeli
prime minister to take the stage i'm just looking at live pictures of the. munich security conference at the moment he is a little bit late. for his speech that may be. due to the fact that the munich security conference is always a forum for bilateral meetings so while we're waiting for the israeli prime minister to take the stage we're going to turn to some other news now some breaking news out of iran a passenger plane reported to be carrying sixty six people on board has crashed in iran the airline says it believes that there are no survivors iranian media are reporting that the twin engine plane came down in mountainous terrain near the town of semi it on the flight from the capital tehran was bound for the city of yes which reports say heavy fog is hampering emergency services efforts to reach the crash site most of iran's aircraft more than forty years old due to sanctions
imposed on the country. turning to the u.s. now president has slammed the f.b.i. over last week's florida high school shooting a shooting that left seventeen people dead you'll remember in a treat the president said the bureau missed signals sent by the shooter because agents were too focused on the investigation into russian interference in the u.s. election in the meantime student survivors and teachers from the school where the attack happened have been attending vigils and also a rally calling for tougher gun control. i. just days ago these students were running in fear from the florida high school the latest scientific mass shooting in the united states but at the rally they express their anger at the predictable political response to the massacre. i thought i'm cuts in there is the hardest times. we need to make actual sheet there's only so many words that can be said before things move
on before the press gets tired of seeing us on the news the more people just change the channel. they're calling for tighter controls on the sale of semiautomatic weapons such as the fifteen the rifle used in the attack many of the students said they thought that the country had reached a tipping point. i'm seeing everybody here and as awful as all this is the fact that we are here right now shows that this is nothing like anything we've ever seen before. but at a gun show being held now by there was some very familiar scenes dozens of assault style rifles were on display organizers resisted pressure to cancel the event in light of the shooting while visitors said the guns themselves were not to blame for the tragedy back at the rally one of the speakers took aim at president although trump she criticized him for focusing on mental health issues rather than the easy access to dangerous weapons she also attacked him and others for taking donations
from powerful gun lobby groups. well we need to pay attention to the fact that this isn't just a mental health issue you. know this is not me at all right shame on you. because the powerful message that resonated with the crowds these young americans will now be hoping it makes it all the way to washington. ok we're going to catch up with some of the other stories making news around the world at the moment the bodies of two palestinian teenagers sheltered near the israeli gaza border on saturday have been returned this comes amidst rising tension in the region following an explosion near the border that injured four israelis
hold is no group has claimed responsibility for that attack that israel has conducted retaliate three strikes against hamas targets in august in indy palestinian controlled gaza strip. and. ethiopia has imposed a six month state of emergency following the shock resignation country's prime minister i have a desolate seen here in file pictures he said he was stepping aside to smooth the way for reforms it's the first time in ethiopia as history that a sitting prime minister has quit his post. three suicide bombers have killed at least twenty people wounded dozens of others in northeastern nigeria the blasts occurring at a busy fish market just outside my degree the capital of borno state the city is also the birthplace of the boko extremist insurgency. is turning to culture now the berlin film festival turns its attention today to the plight of refugees in the
shape of this year's first german tree transit is based on a novel about exile. during the second world war a novel written by a german right to and the goes the film's director christian pet salt has transferred the plot of that novel to modern day must say in an attempt to underline how little has changed refugees over the last seventy five years. director christian petzold is almost a fixture at the balanced film festival has a film in the competition for the fourth time this go round he's based his movie on his favorite pick on a seekers transit of us will be. on the run from the nazis in march say he goes into hiding. hoping to catch a ship to mexico before the city falls to the approaching fascist. he falls in love with marie also on the run neither of them are welcome here merely tolerated
a masterful tests might help when you're playing you're not always on the run but also doing a lot of waiting a cocktail i think our characters look very tired and exhausted top. petzold set the story in modern day france in this manner on a seeker's world war two novel becomes a drama for our time. yet the first. we here in germany have an asylum law based on the fact that we had refugees the one nine hundred forty s. what i was interested to see if we could stand the judgment of people who couldn't escape and whether we did right by them. petzold also said the right to asylum is today being curtailed something he completely disagrees with. it's a political statement that could play well here at the ballin film festival and perhaps also with the jury when it comes time to award the bears.
and we're going to take you back to the munich security conference now we are seeing pictures now of the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu he's about to deliver his speech to the munich security conference let's listen in to that speech . charger mr chairman. good morning ladies and gentlemen. there are many distinguished representatives of governments past and present. members of the business community of the press. many friends. and some i've had interesting discussions. agreements and disagreements alike. this is a beautiful city it's filled with impressive monuments richly endowed
museums. beautiful architecture. and due to this conference over the past four decades mr chairman. music has become synonymous with security. that's important because as i said last night. without security nothing is really possible not freedom. not prosperity. not the peace we cherish and crave but for the jewish people. too infamous things occurred in this city in one thousand nine hundred eighty two. eleven of our lives pick up fleets were massacred at the munich airport. in many ways this act of savagery heralded the rise of international terrorism and we've all been battling it ever since and eighty years ago.
another event took place here with far ranging consequences. a disastrous agreement was signed here that set the world on a course towards history's most horrific war. two decades after world war one. two decades after a war that claimed sixteen million lives the leaders who met in munich chose to appease hitler's regime rather than confront it. those leaders were noble men. they thought they were fulfilling their highest responsibility to keep the peace. but the price of their action would soon become apparent the concessions to hitler only emboldened the nazi regime and facilitated its conquest of europe. rather than choosing
a path that might have prevented war for the very least limited its scope and its scale. those well intentioned leaders made a wider war inevitable and far more costly. some time after the war roosevelt asked churchill i would call this war and he answered immediately without hesitation the unnecessary war he said there was never a war more easy to stop. in the wake of the munich agreement sixty million people would die in world war two including a third of my own people six million jews murdered in the holocaust by the nazis and their collaborators we will never forget it. and we will never allow the rewriting of the historical truth. known as. you look
emmeline match zoids of the new spin we will not forget that we will not forgive we will always fight for the truth. today we gather two and a half years after another agreement was signed. in another city in the heart of europe. there are two. noble win and women. high minded leaders. hoping to avoid war. signed an agreement with a regime that brutalized its own brutalizes its own people and terrorize its neighbors. let me be clear. iran is not nazi germany there are many differences between the two. well for one one advocates advocated a master race the other advocates a master faith jews in iran are not sent to the gas chambers or the religious and
ethnic minorities are denied basic freedoms and there are obviously many other differences. but there are also some striking similarities iran openly declares its intention to annihilate israel with its six million jews it makes absolutely no bones about it iran seeks to dominate our region in the middle east. and seeks to dominate the world through aggression and terror it's developing ballistic missiles to reach deep into europe and to the united states as well. henry kissinger said that iran must choose between being a country or a cause well there was even iran has chosen to be a cause the commander of the revolutionary guard ali jeffrey said we're on the path to the rule of islam worldwide. that means right here to.
this is in my judgment the greatest threat to our world not just to israel not just your arab neighbors not just to muslims far and wide but to you as well because once armed with nuclear weapons iran's aggression will be unchecked. and it will encompass the entire world look at what they're doing down before they have nuclear weapons imagine what they'll do later if god forbid they'll have them . just as was true eighty years ago. an agreement. that was seen as appeasement has only embolden the regime and brought war closer the nuclear agreement with iran has brought the countdown has begun the countdown to a new reagan nuclear arsenal and little little more than a decade and the sanction relief that the deal provided has not moderated iran it's
not made the more moderate internally and it's not made the more moderate extremely in fact it's unleashed a dangerous iranian tireder in a region and beyond through its proxies shiite militias in iraq the hutus in yemen because bomb in lebanon on hamas in gaza iran is devouring huge swathes of the middle east now there has been one positive consequence of iran's growing aggression in the region it's brought arabs and israelis closer together as never before and in a paradoxical way this may pave the way for broader peace and ultimately also for a palestinian israeli peace this could happen but it will not happen if you want aggression continues to grow. and nowhere iran's belligerent ambitions clearer than in syria their iran hopes to complete
a contiguous empire linking to iran to tar to six the caspian to the mediterranean for some time i've been warning about this development i've made clear in word and deed that israel has red lines it will enforce. israel will continue to prevent iran from establishing a permanent military presence in syria israel will continue to act to prevent iran from establishing another terror base from which to threaten israel but iran continues to try to cross those red lines last week. its brazenness reached new heights literally new heights its center drone into israeli territory. violating israel's sovereignty threatening our security we destroyed the drone and the control center that operated from syria and when our planes were
fired upon israel destroyed syrian anti-aircraft batteries. israel will not allow iran's regime to put a noose of terror around our neck. we will act without hesitation to defend ourselves and we will act if necessary not just against iran's proxies that are attacking us but against iran itself. whether today you will hear from mr zarif he's the smooth talking mouthpiece of iran's regime i give mr zarif credit he lies with eloquence. last year at this conference zarif said that i'm quoting extreme extremism is driven by lack of open respect well if that's true why does the iranian regime
the knights people hope and respect by jailing journalists and activists zarif said it was erroneous to label iran radical if that's true what do you call a regime that hangs gays from cranes in town squares zarif said that conflicts in syria and yemen do not have military solution. if that's true why does iran sent fighters and arms to fuel violence precisely in those places. no doubt mr zarif will brazenly deny iran's defers involvement in syria. iran also denies that it committed an act of aggression against israel last week that it sent a drone into our airspace to threaten our people well. here's a piece of that iranian drone or what's left of it after we shot it down i
brought it here so you can see for yourself. mr zarif. do you recognize this. you should it's yours you can take back with you a message to the tyrants of terror on do not test israel's resolve. and i've missed a message for everyone gathered here today to i want you to support the people of iran. i want to support those in the region who want peace by confronting an iranian regime that threatens peeves i've been speaking to the people of iran with video messages the response is amazing. i saw this before the recent demonstrations i asked our intelligence people to
explain to me how it is that we were getting names names of people supporting what i said from iran risking their lives their families i said something is happening there those people want freedom they want a different life they want economic cost parity they want peace they don't want this far flung the iranian aggression. and i've explained we have no quarrel with the people of the of iran only with the regime the torments them and i take this opportunity to send our condolences to the families of the sixty six iranians civilians shot down or for that lost their lives in the plane accident today we have no quarrel with the people of iran but we are absolutely resolute in our determination to stop and roll back the aggression of iran's regime but
its pledge today ladies and gentleman here in munich not to repeat the mistakes of the past appeasement never works the hour to prevent war is getting late but it is not too late i'm convinced that one day this regime will fall and when it does the great peace between the ancient jewish people and the ancient persian people will flourish once again when that happens the people of iran. will breathe free and the people in the region and throughout the world will sarve relief but today we must speak clearly we must act boldly we can stop this dangerous regime we can roll back its aggression and by doing so create a more peaceful a more prosperous and a more secure world for our region and for our future thank you very much thank you . thank. you israeli prime minister binyamin
netanyahu addressing unix sure to come. and we are now expecting a question answer session to be hosted by the head of the security conference issuing out. as they sit down for that question and answer session let us listen to the questions that will no doubt be thank you very much for our israeli prime minister's statement we have time for a few questions and we collected a couple of questions from the audience. and i'll read the first question to you. actually follows exactly what you just. referred to how real is the danger. of full scale military escalation in the region following the recent incidents in and around syria question mark.
it's up to you want iran has been trying to. round rules mr chairman. what has happened in the region is that. if i can show this and you see this and some of you in on this and see it and know yes ok. this is a brief. a brief description of the middle east as it looks right now i call it the red in the black like the french novel by stand up well the red is isis. the radical sunni is the black is iran and its offshoots the radical shiites as the red compresses as the red compresses. and it will be wiped out very soon from the map of the middle east iran is.