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tv   Doc Film - Putin - Master of the Game  Deutsche Welle  February 23, 2018 2:15am-3:01am CET

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have survived but do they also have a future. i really understand people who say they don't want to stay here. but i also admire people who want to stay here and who decided to create something . of a new beginning in peace time for the people making it possible what needs to happen if tolerance and reconciliation or to stand a chance. to shift those words are really difficult complicated forgiveness for reconciliation forgetting they get stuck in your strategy. out of darkness cities after a war. starting march tenth on t w.
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this is a story of one man's wounded pride and his revenge a man who experienced russia's loss of superpower status and who wants to restore his homeland to its former glory. in twenty twelve bloody mere putin was elected russian president for another six years. the former k.g.b. agent had now already ruled the country for twelve years during which he restored order to a country facing disintegration silence the opposition and brought the media into line but the pomp of the inauguration ceremony was deceptive the election had left putin weaker than ever before. the largest demonstrate. since the collapse of the soviet union spread across the
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country the protesters condemned alleged election fraud and called for putin's resignation falling oil prices were causing widespread economic hardship and corruption was rife putin himself was accused of becoming one of the richest men in the world through graft. the ruler in the kremlin was very worried and hid himself in his palace. and he started to fight back using a tried and tested method accusing the west america and the cia of conspiring against him. and we do have serious concerns about the conduct of the elections russian voters
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deserve a full investigation of all credible reports of electoral fraud and manipulation and we hope in particular that the russian authorities will take action on the recommendations that come forward putin had heard this statement by the american secretary of state on t.v. the night before as have most of russia he called it a declaration of war. and you did signal solution. to maintain his power and mobilize the russian public hooten wanted to make russia a world power again and recover the status lost to the west twenty years earlier with the collapse of the soviet union but in order to achieve that he first needed to reconfigure his own power structures. he shut out liberals and surrounded him.
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with hard liners many were either former k.g.b. agents like him or. his friend vladimir a former k.g.b. officer a wealthy businessman and pious creditor joined the inner circle that unofficially advises the russian president. with additional vacation of the system it seemed that there were no any ground for more i just try to go. to somebody decides. he possesses the troops riches true story everyone. that is the malaysian and that can lead to actual error over you war
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water or you know or are you a logical warm or cold war whether. this new cold war is of course directed against the winners of the previous one against the u.s. and its armed extension in europe nato. since the collapse of the u.s.s.r. in one thousand nine hundred ninety one the transatlantic alliance has encroached on moscow's spear of influence poland romania and the baltic states which were occupied by soviet forces sought nato as protection. nato carried out a series of large scale maneuvers in response to putin's nationalist rhetoric a rhetoric that worried his neighbors. the united states pushed ahead with plans for a new state of the art missile defense system throughout eastern europe putin saw
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that as an unacceptable challenge to his quest for power. in june twenty twelve he confronted the western alliance at the g twenty in mexico and economic summit that brings together heads of state once a year. behind the scenes these summits give the participants a chance to weigh each other up to negotiate and to display their own strength a modern equivalent of the battle grounds on which the great powers used to meet. this is the military and political system of the western world from this point to few if you know the threat of communism disappeared this simple question is why why maddow is growing. coutinho nato's de facto leader would listen to what he had to say he was meeting u.s.
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president barack obama on the international stage for the first time three years earlier obama had signaled a desire to reset relations with russia. it was a tense meeting it was not for me anyway putin lectured president obama at length about all the misdeeds of the united states over the years going back to the clinton administration in nato enlargement president obama always engaged mr putin a spirit of logic and the logic that we saw in the relationship was not necessarily the same logic that mr putin saw when some border is trying to assure you this i come with my tanks say come with my you know military equipment to your big heart but because that does look against you would you believe and then there was also i think a geo political argument that the west should take advantage of this time to move east and to make sure that poland and hungary and
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a stone are for ever outside russia's sphere of influence free states should be able to say we're in nato we're not in nato we're in the e.u. we're not in the e.u. who is russia to tell them how they should behave. the deployment of the missile defense system was no longer negotiable that's what obama told putin the press conference was frigid. it was good to. know that. he also discussed international affairs at all interested parties in trying to find a resolution to this problem. from obama's point of view how important was putin the leader of a country with a gross domestic product that barely matched that of spain. the meeting ended and i noted deep discord. they did not concede that russia the equal papa good nor bad good but equal. there to be only
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behavior there was a clear this time who for the feeling of superiority. kind of fear you know. what you languish to show this is your own with like me so if i did not feel that there was a good personal relationship between president obama and vladimir putin i know that for some reason that relationship was strained and the result was that i think in part it contributed to a breakdown in the relationship between our two countries. put in is very russian. there's a thing inferiority complex about how the west doesn't take
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a serious say they see as says the kind of retarded little brother that they can just kick and insult all the time they had been a great power. that was on par with the u.s. that was calling the shots all over the world and now people don't even listen to them. not only was the west not listening to russia it was also moving closer and closer to russia with its bases in summer two thousand and twelve the syrian president bashar al assad an old ally of russia faced an uprising his opponents received weapons from europe and the u.s. . there was no doubt in putin's mind that the west had ordered a regime change as it had done in two thousand and three in iraq and in libya where
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the deposed president mom or gadhafi had just been killed. when vladimir putin got a hold of the video of khadafi being killed lynched in the streets. he watched that video on repeat he just watched over and over and over again. and apparently he did the same thing but the video of saddam hussein's execution i think he takes these things very personally i think putin was watching it to understand that should someone stand up to the united states should there be a real fright real confrontation well should expect no mercy. the events of the arab spring also reminded putin of the demonstrations against him that had taken place a few months earlier in order to counter western ambitions in syria he threw his
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weight behind a regime on the verge of collapse. it's. two years later ukraine twenty fifteen. in the capital city kiev the population rebelled against a corrupt and pro moscow leadership the crowds loudly called for closer ties with the european union. even worse for putin the americans were there and obama adviser personally handed out food to opposition activists on my town square. or to the putin believes that after the fall of the soviet union the united states should have committed itself to never integrating ukraine into the western camp.
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that we had a coup d'etat. estate in kiev sir some people would prefer to interpret it as air current over. reaction of the whole population of ukraine against corruptive authorities and this is a false description. february fifteenth everything came to a head the russian hockey team played a decisive match against the united states. in ukraine the pro western opposition was increasingly undermining the government it was a nightmare for putin who feared that the country would soon turn towards nato which would place the alliance just over five hundred kilometers from moscow. to the russian president's great anger the u.s.
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one in the penalty shoot out. putin called a meeting of his security council in moscow his plan was to invade crimea which was part of ukraine its population is russian speaking and there is a russian naval base on the peninsula. but a military invasion of a european country was not an easy step to take. put into liberated and sought counsel. in the upper echelons of power the hardliners demanded that he take the offensive. one of those making the case was constantine malouf a of. a young oligarch and an ultra nationalist champion of the great christian russia.
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that was she's decision. and i can again you know just to tell you i. what i feared that it was not easy and of course you know death was debated and lies there what would happen after and what would be their reaction from from the west from from americans who sponsored. this in kiev and of course there is their reaction the soldiers. three nine year old jerry . woodson believe that obama would not dare to oppose him and gave the green light. on the twenty third of february putin attended the closing ceremony of the olympic games and three days later the crimea awoke to find itself in the hands of russian special forces went landed during the night. one
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sovereign state ukraine had been invaded by another russia. we were surprised when he went in it for me and we saw that this was a potential. but it was a surprise that he did in the way he did his goal is to keep ukraine destabilized and to make sure that it never completes any kind of western orientation he's not as we like to think of him especially here in the us a grand strategic thinker and chess player he plays blackjack you know it's a very high acceptance of risk and that's a very russian mentality there's a russian art called a voice which is like basically a wing it and see what happens. obama called putin and talked for more than an hour threatening him with sanctions if he went ahead and annexed crimea but who didn't ignored the threats from the west and went even further. in the summer of
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twenty fourteen russian troops without uniforms started arriving in done by. at the eastern region of ukraine to support progress in separatist rebels against the new government in kiev it started a dirty war. feel. feel what do they want for a friend just miles from moscow they wanted us to stay and see how they would kill our people there so we have to protect ourself and it means that to protect our interests near our borders the west suspected malouf a.f. of financing separatists and imposed sanctions on him. for putin and
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his entourage the war came at a price. that. nobody knew was a make or libyan mission city you. know the main focal room of the community was a particular election of some and around fifty people from putin's circle were banned from traveling to the west and their assets abroad were frozen both europe and the us imposed heavy sanctions on oil exports banking and armaments. it's going to. be finished if it's. in february twenty fifth seen put in finally agree to ceasefire negotiated with the western powers in minsk he had the
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upper hand in a conflict that he could ratchet up at will he had ensured that ukraine wouldn't join nato or the european union in the near future but at what cost. may twenty fifteen saw great celebrations to mark the seventieth anniversary of the soviet union's a victory over national socialism. but the pomp was deceptive. western sanctions had had an impact on the economy the ruble had collapsed and even the military budget had had to be cut back. and had promised the russians glory but they had paid dearly for that vision. prices were rising poverty was increasing but he remained deaf to the worries of russian business leaders. what mainly preoccupied him was the fact that he had become a pariah at the head of an ostracized state. the refusal of western leaders to
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participate in this important anniversary was a devastating humiliation worse still the man who wanted to rebuild russia as a world power was even excluded from the g eight the summit of the world's leaders . he fancied himself a great world leader when he was denied a platform around the world and when people wouldn't meet with him i think that had an impact. so putin was left with only provocation to remind the world that he at least still had a powerful army. for the first time since the cold war russian jets buzzed american ships in the baltic . but that brought putin nothing but contempt from the president of the world's
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only superpower losses i think the overwhelming majority of the world rejects russia is a regional power. that is threatening some of its immediate neighbors. not out of strength but out of weakness see crazy you know if you play basketball too much the you know this could look at the globe if you read anything in the history about stunning growth you know he really believes that we have a regional power the only poet in the world he shares equal. power minister power. to the united states of america at least it would be wise even if you think so don't tell it then yes but i say that don't just look at this look at the look it is you do in your little continue in using
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you yeah but it didn't actually is good for you to sit still sort of middle of shit which is who you saw in two years of b.s. and what's good. at the end of summer twenty fifteen in his luxurious villa on the black sea putin suddenly seemed quite relaxed. he had understood that direct confrontation was not a good strategy for breaking out of isolation and he had a plan. the time for the bench to come. north of when the organization said the is the water was but it's really. still it's up was it william that was the god of war it was first of all he pushed ahead with a daring move in syria. putin
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ordered a massive intervention in support of bashar al assad's regime. hundreds of missions were flown to destroy any resistance against the syrian dictator in months of bombing. the west was surprised but nevertheless allowed putin to carry on not without its own all teary or motives our calculation was that russia risks being in a situation where it was stuck like afghanistan where over time it would have to spend more and more resources to prop up assad and thus far russia has not become unfortunately exhausted by its intervention in syria. although the russians wanted to avoid getting bogged down in syria and their intervention enabled the assad regime to fight the rebels the war in syria was also
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a war of images. during the syrian conflict putin saw how much he could use communications for his own ends . when your military budget is ten times lower than that of the united states then it is a weapon of the weak so he asked his new chief of staff general valery gas him off to come up with a new military doctrine but we knew it was a shithole not want to ship was working with the resource. it will do it sure as a musician to the students with the issues you suffer. should they get asimov doctrine is one of hybrid warfare subversion espionage propaganda and cyber attacks are designed to influence the shape of an opponent's political and social landscape . mission the most important one i think is is information because it never stops
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if the mission of warfare is twenty four by seven. it never stops. and that information. the west primarily the united states been designated the enough the story or even the pushing used to compute. the way look dozens of numerous guests hooten celebrated the success of state television which he had created to spread russian ideas throughout the world because personally i knew smugglers originally from every source for its terrorist threat unless they share with me and others up to look at all of us in the dust if you just see me me you will not see thirty you see when they go to the school it's . because i'm slow. as you choose literally. just like rockets and pipelines
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russia today is seen by moscow as a strategic instrument. russia today is broadcast in five languages to about one hundred countries different from on the internet the technology at the heart of russia's strategy more people view its video clips than those of c.n.n. and the b.b.c. . for one of their. primary target of russia today is the us. it's where the station has its most important bureaus worldwide. report shows viewers are leaving the mainstream media by so it looks like people are turning elsewhere to get their news for example a couple days after i had started that there was
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a protest movement here called occupy wall street and i had covered that we were weaker. actually extensively. police brutality running wild in new york we blew it out of proportion and now i realize why it's there a jury of. americans protests and americans themselves voicing their distrust of the system of american democracy and capitalism and americans themselves saying that the system isn't working. guten had understood that public opinion was the achilles heel of western democracies. in the early summer of twenty sixteen he surely had this lesson in mind when obama's secretary of state visited him in the kremlin.
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well this president were very personal for the opportunity to have a serious conversation about serious issues. with john kerry dampen putin's hopes of a relaxation of sanctions if he did not change his policy in ukraine and syria. for worse still he announced the imminent completion of the missile defense bases behind russia's borders but what worried putin even more was that six months later he might be dealing with an individual who was even more intractable when he had publicly accused of sending a signal to his opponents back in twenty eleven putin's red rag hillary clinton the firm favorite to win the twenty six thousand us elections he's a very arrogant. person to deal with like many bullies he is somebody who will take as much as he possibly can russia is trying to move the boundaries of the post world war two europe we've got to get nato back working for
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the common defense. faced with this prospect putin was surprised to see an outsider appear on stage a populist who position to himself as well disposed towards russia and critical of nato you know hillary likes to play tough with russia putin looks at her and he laughs ok he laughs russia doesn't like isis any better than we do would it be nice if we actually got along with russia and you could knock them out together enough to get. choice for us was between money ask who's clinton made the reach and pull of the who stop whom you would prefer to meet in the street money or core hologram horrigan of course because this was who are going to have a chance and raise money as there is no chance the thing she was out of the katie was a no fly zone in syria to me that was in with an invitation to a shooting match between the us forces and the russian forces in syria because
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clinton was so recent for because so trained in this now conservative style that i'm now the leader of the go global war ever rival province called russia who is you know doing something wrong of course would prefer to trump. the type of hybrid war was launched against hillary clinton russian hackers pretending to be americans generated more than a million hostile tweets against the democratic candidate. over several weeks on facebook their messages were shared with one hundred twenty six million users. the pro russian media spread rumors and misinformation. the following video alone got nine million hits. ninety six percent of the claims charity went to themselves the rest of their terrible donations from that year went to a letter that was written in the desert classic terry that failure that same territory
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made us seven hundred thousand dollars a year so much surprised to see how frightened the so-called west became receiving just one seeing go there on the show no fruit from the eastern throw from russia. and putin kept going what followed next was what the k.g.b. calls active measures. a total of ten advisors and associates from the trump team were approached. the american intelligence services were facing an unprecedented scenario. in any what they call active measures we would call covert action the united states' efforts to influence an election or to influence the way a foreign government acts is going to involve a human element so i can say with all certainty the russians would be looking for people. we've seen information on the edges of suggests that perhaps some people
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are on the trump team they've been engaging with the russians the notion that hey. we can help you with information that we have on hillary clinton and your political opponents if in turn you take the idea of ukraine off the agenda you know there is we can make a deal here. at the end of august twenty sixth seen three months before the elections putin's hybrid war was stepped up even further hackers gained access to the clinton team's computers to steal emails containing content that compromised hillary clinton. more. than. voting machines were also the target of attacks the heart of american democracy was under threat this time u.s. secret services were no longer in doubt as to who was behind it our intelligence
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community was able to conclude that there was a serious effort on underway by russia to interfere with the election they say that vladimir putin directed an information operation against the united states elections and that his goal was first to weaken american democracy to get us to fight amongst ourselves and second to increase the chances of donald trump and decrease hillary clinton's chances. the obama administration was perplexed by this unprecedented attack. how do you defend yourself against it. a cyber attack on russian infrastructure is was under consideration. we spend a lot of time on to decide whether there should be some. price paid for what they've already done some punishment. that last piece we thought could wait and we could think we could work on it and think about it the most important thing was to get them to stop and prevent them from doing it again. the white house decided to
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treat the case with the utmost secrecy. because we thought the main russian objective was to create doubt and accelerate a crisis of credibility and legitimacy about our institutions we have to be very careful in how we talked about this in public because even if we had said the president had said this is what they're trying to do but they won't succeed it still might have created the very doubt russia was trying to so they thought that hillary clinton would win under any circumstances they didn't want to. develop a whole new political issue last sickly obama you know it was paralysis by analysis let's talk about it let's think about it let's let's get it just right you know it's the exact opposite of putin who doesn't consider all the strategic implications they want to consider every possible angle every possible repercussion there are a lot of lawyers in the room to make sure they don't break any laws. obama therefore
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decided to clarify the matter himself in private with putin on the sidelines of a g. twenty meeting in china which had long been planned for september fifth twenty sixteen. but the president was very direct very clear with mr putin that we knew what they were doing it had to stop if it if it did there would be consequences. nobody. neither mr nor any security disservice in the growth has ever provided us is any kind of evidence of russian interference. you know that if you have interfered. it's very difficult to deal with someone who again. lies on a regular basis. he's a former k.g.b.
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officer i think intelligence officers around the world have very similar way of looking at the world there's a barter training facility that has sort of a funny phrase up above the bar and it says admit nothing deny everything make counter-accusations so there are so many of very sensitive philip delicate issues which could have them itch the election compete of them clean them there's some genius in the in the in the here administration in atlanta viz that we are out blaming dresser for for meddling. everything we saw after that suggested that as far as we could tell russian efforts to exfiltrate information. and then turn around and use it in some fashion seemed to stop but at that point it was actually too late because they had given it to third parties. and at the
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end those parties could put out the information whenever it was convenient for months and months to follow. this third party was the whistle blowing web site wiki leaks. on october seventh twenty sixteen one month before the election the cia finally published its information on russian influence was secretary clinton mr truong the russian government has engaged in espionage against americans in the following hours wiki leaks released the how e-mails from hillary clinton's team weakening the candidate considerably to run for the presidency china's knowing details that is there is russia china already and in this close election in which every vote counted the months of russian interference were of great importance for the outcome humility each fortune.
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was. am. siddur showing him. the. kernel of the k.g.b. had pulled off a masterly coup by influencing an american election now he even played the role of godfather to the new president of the world's leading power. his revenge. guten had come a long way since the collapse of the soviet union in the one nine hundred ninety s.
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washington had made his predecessor boris it's vicarious agent but putin now still had to get what he was after from the newly elected us president first the lifting of sanctions against his country secondly this is spent of nato enlargement in july twenty seventeen he finally met donald trump. it's to be. just. at i level with an american president at last this personal meeting which putin considered crucial had been carefully orchestrated with the american team. to kill russian protocol and ceased it for a longer time off that at that meeting. president putin called himself for most or a few months relations who was prepping to establish some kind of personal chemistry. you see if you meet with him one on one if you're able to give him the
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impression that you click with him that you understand him that you think he's you know brilliant if you flatter him. he'll give you what you want i mean are going to see sits on shorter time most of the meeting. that would give you the key of why. they're meeting in. was interrupted because nobody want to president putin you know to talk that so that was their point there we go thank you . thank you. putin had to face facts trump couldn't commit to anything and remained evasive. he is kind of being bun bash if you know what i mean and he cannot do what he promised to the no agreements were reached still far far away from each other and they believe that the new
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story. hooten had not expected that by trying to thwart hillary clinton he may nevertheless still face a weakened president and a united states that was more hostile than before. trump's hands were tied by an investigation into his relations with russia rather than lift sanctions against moscow congress reinforced them furious over russian interference the former head of the f.b.i. james comey testified before the senate intelligence committee we're talking about a foreign government that using technical intrusion lots of other methods tried to shape the way we think we vote we are that is a big deal. but putin had no intention of stopping moscow is now also suspected of having interfered in the twenty six thousand breck said referendum and in the french presidential elections in the spring of twenty
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seventeen. comes. you're not sure but you you know i think that putin is a very complicated mix of someone who is tactically quite shrewd. but at the same time he he is caught up in his own rhetoric in the long run is this a win for russia that it's isolated that it faces economic sanctions this is undoubtedly the price putin has paid for his revenge on the west for now it has allowed him to hold on to power in russia but where will his desire for revenge leave. how far is president vladimir putin prepared to go.
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through. the credit crises if you felt that if you when you got collapse you would even though. god forbid. take football personally. knowing. he's gone from backyard player to world champion and the amazing career of san homeboy at tenke. is there anything he hasn't accomplished yet but tells the old. thirty minutes.
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every journey begins with the first step and every language what the first word courage can. recoat is in germany to learn german why not learned helplessness simple online on your mobile and free yourself from w z e learning course nikos fish german made easy. climate change. sustainability. environmental projects. give globalization the face biodiversity species conservation exploitation be quality. human rights displacement. of the global and current local are truly. global three thousand. it's all happening good job it is going to come. your link to news from africa
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and the world. your link to it simpson stories and discussions hello and welcome student news cutting program tonight from for an examination from the news of easy to our website a d w that comes the traffic come join us on facebook at d.f.w. africa. russia has used its veto at the un security council to block a resolution that would have set up a cease fire in syria the thirty day truce proposed by sweden and kuwait would have allowed humanitarian aid to be delivered to the heavily bombarded damascus suburbs since sunday an estimated three hundred people have been killed in a relentless aerial bombardment of the rebel held area. as growing anger in nigeria over the fate of dozens of schoolgirls who have been missing.

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