tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle March 3, 2018 1:30pm-2:01pm CET
the liveliest. the most traditional. find it all at any time. check in with a web special. take a tour of germany state by state on t w dot com. opportunity prosperity optimism that's the power of global trade global three thousand. this week a global three thousand heads to the seychelles what can be done to protect the nation's endangered to whole reefs. in ecuador top chefs are
discovering ingredients from the amazon and can local delicacies save the rain forests. but first we had to china where many people are drowning in trash from around the globe. the. plastic has become a seemingly unavoidable feature of our planet. in one thousand nine hundred fifty we produced around one point five million tonnes of it since then global plastic production has skyrocketed in two thousand and sixteen it totaled about three hundred certainly five million tons. around half of the plastic produced is disposable products like bottles plastic bags and cups where does it all end up. much ends up in landfills or in the environment plastic waste is also sold shipped to countries like china in two thousand and sixteen china received one point six million tonnes of plastic rubbish from the e.u.
alone china is the world's top importer of plastic trash to date places like we do depend on it for survival but since early two thousand and eighteen the country has banned many waste imports as these chinese children have little to look forward to each day they spend most of their waking hours between plumes of smoke and mountains of plastic their families are in their livelihood by sorting waste these scenes are from a chinese documentary. one juror a young spent many years filming small chinese garbage dumps he was haunted by what he witnessed. in a way i have a daughter of my own i couldn't bear to see her grow up in such a horrible environment some of these children have been surrounded by garbage since they were born i don't want kids living in rubbish every day. this is the dark side of china's recycling business the family sorting the trash are exposed to numerous health hazards including toxic fumes and harmful substances some of the
children here don't go to school. what's not recycled often ends up elsewhere in the landscape polluting the groundwater. as a result animals fall will. some of the mountains of garbage catch fire. the stench here is horrible it's almost impossible to bear. but what else can we do. the air is no good the water is no good. the only thing that's good is the money. while shooting his film one sure young made another discovery most of the garbage comes from overseas far away and one day from my research i was at a massive garbage dump and had a province when i took
a closer look i saw the packaging from the us japan germany and france and i realized that i was looking at the garbage dump in the entire world. until the beginning of the year more than half of the world's waste was sold to china one also shot footage in the us where waste was the sixth largest export to china germany has also been exporting several hundred thousand tons of plastic waste annually to the far east china has no said it will no longer buy certain kinds of waste from abroad they sing based environmentalist marjon welcomes the. import ban. your had a. this is good for the environment. and it is urgently needed. of course it will also lead to a lack of materials such as paper and plastic to.
now all china itself is producing too much waste but environmental awareness is increasing modern recycling and incineration plants are being built in many locations that means other countries are now stuck with twenty four types of waste banned from import to china because there was and there i would see how other countries such as germany britain the us all the european union should all think about how to solve problems. instead of relying on the world market and simply export water treated it one joule young also sees change many of the recycling plants he visited have since been shut down the filmmaker says the conditions at this garbage sorting facility in beijing are satisfactory. his film has won several international awards for one joule young the import ban is good news and will contribute to solving china's environmental problems. we also hope
that people in industrialised countries will see the facts and hear the truth film and that they give more attention to this issue. one joule young is no longer allowed to show his film on china's strictly controlled internet but he's convinced his work has helped raise awareness and the country about the need for change. and now it's time for global ideas this week we visit the rain forests of ecuador home to a wide variety of little known delicacies reporter michelle knight in hanna traveled to the town of achi devon and there he met people determined to protect both the local way of life and the rain forest with the help of its cullinane delights. so in ecuador people living in the amazon often maintain household gardens called chakras within the rain forest. for people who are indigenous to this part of the
amazon chuck cross off of that main source of food. cecilia she and her family are among those who live from the bounty and biodiversity of the forest for they know which plants a good to eat and which can be used as medicine. yes the. new one is this fruit is good for treating snakebite. we break open the skin and squeeze out the juice onto the well and. we suspect other people of. this wealth of knowledge is passed down from generation to generation. three. it's us either it's the plant that makes the night why you say it is another medicinal plant in the field you know why you day we give it to women who are about to give birth like that a lot of them it prevents hemorrhaging. almost dead girl go now we now and
so that leads to restaurants. but you can make tea with them but. if they were you sometimes i get an order and said why use a leads to quito. that you ordered them below. because i don't go taina is one of the best restaurants in the capital. recently the many has been beefed up with exotic ingredients from the chakras. and ever so there's so much out of the field of fire under an interesting move given the guest a city dwellers and foreign visitors with little or no contact with indigenous communities. head chef on the ice are all blessed creates exquisite dishes that embody a fusion of traditions western and indigenous people has hubs yucca and a freshwater fish pie chip from chakra farmers in the forest. for high
end restaurants in ecuador ingredients brought in from the rainforest has become something of a trend. i. am most proud of because of you that it's our duty to make these products more widely known to ecuador maybe a small country but a chunk of the first range of species we use food from the amazon to coast bandanas and the galapagos islands or from it as a way to preserve ecuador to the outside world but i've never brought on board for the meal so serious cooks are less elaborate that many kitchell communities are very poor. the livelihoods of indigenous people who live in the rainforest are in jeopardy as more and more trees a filed. for the most part chuck reza used
for subsistence farming now there are new opportunities to sell produce to outsiders. and this couple at your nickname is i was the one that there are hardly any jobs around here. sometimes we get work on a haas weekend rich people pay us just eight dollars a day to slave away from dawn till dusk or no it was a very small amount that's why our women try to sell things at the market. now if they want. that rock it is held every sunday in the town nearby. but kitsch was stallholders don't always sell much i say but i don't. miss the fun here but the on what's with the canopy bridge ngo. if you see if it helps indigenous fama sell directly to restaurants in quito.
i love as it sounds it is the spro chefs in the city use products from the amazon in a new and different way. the harvest is now more financially valuable and people here can earn a little money. some things just don't sell locally even though they're very healthy and tasty and have great potential so getting more to what they said. before motto is have idea jump out dogs have proved to be a delicious surprise they come from the peach palm and have a nutty flavor when they're roasted. she's one of the founders of canopy bridge. the ngo has now established a supply chain to fifteen restaurants in quito. for them was more we sidles called us so we can move people to speak to their hearts by encouraging them to consume products from the amazon borders that they should not
only associate their region with deforestation but also with its cuisine its cultures and its colors good food offers a special way of relating to a place most people don't appreciate the immense value of the amazon even in ecuador many people don't know anything about it. for different. so far about three hundred indigenous families in the amazon work with canopy bridge. like the team that wants to support traditional farming in the forest to help people that thrive so that not tempted to cut down more trees. than i meant to last. and chakras farming is in harmony with the plants and the animals so when people give up tending their gardens they start to fell trees and sell them. or turn the
forest in degrading land. the forest is rich in fruits and herbes tasty fat beetle larvae as well. for kitsch where they're a delicacy full of protein to be eaten roll or grilled they live in trump tower trees. not on the menu at fine restaurants in quito at least not yet. coral reefs are among the most species rich by. twenty nine reefs including australia is great barrier reef and the whole reef in the seychelles around the world heritage list but twenty one of them are damaged the climate change is causing sea temperatures to rise and oceans are becoming rubbish dumps plastic
oiled sewage and agricultural pesticides are having a devastating effect on coastal waters in particular. environmentalist so working to protect the corals of the seychelles after all the island nation depends on this marine life for its very survival. the seychelles is a tropical paradise the archipelago covers around four hundred fifty five square kilometers a blunt point three million square kilometers of sea. a source for everything. we don't have anything. toryism is the country's biggest source of income many visitors come here for the spectacular nature so i realize the.
understanding the relation of the people with the with the system and how much we rely on the world. as a marine scientist she's concerned about the growing pressure on the ecosystem. to assess the conditions. fishing environmental pollution and tourism put strain on the seychelles unique underwater world the coral reefs are suffering the effects of climate change because they're very sensitive to changes in water temperature. they provide a home for a whole host of marine life from sea snails to sharks so without them biodiversity suffers. reefs near the coast are especially vulnerable and they're the first ones to die. there has been a rise in ocean temperature and this has an impact on the corals and then the
coral bleaching and then you move the corals and. by the late one nine hundred ninety s. most coral reefs in the shallow waters have died. of the y. corals and once they dead they are usually taken over by. the resources and the activities that he carried out on the coral reef. that. puts a groundbreaking conservation project is now underway. the government recently agreed to protect nearly a third of the country's marine maltose by twenty twenty as part of an initiative called the seychelles marine special plan. as a first step the initiative is carrying out a survey of the underwater ecosystem. we carry out the activity with.
intent of collecting data on color relates to ensure that the management of protests today as in seychelles is effective. in partnership with the nature conservancy ngo the seychelles conservation authority is hoping to understand exactly what's happening to the reefs. her ribs often have trouble regenerating in shallow water because the waves and currents are constantly moving the skeletons of the dead coral around making it hard for new coveralls to settle this has repercussions for the entire ecosystem to come along. you can see the change is really how these very long period of time where the temperature is really high in the corals can all recall so this has a huge impact on your environment source on quote waves we have started a coral reef restore ation project looking at all the ways to try and restore coral
reefs using the corals that's how more resilient and growing these corals and putting them back on the ring. together with fisheries and tourism companies the country wants to find ways for everyone to use the sea sustainably even outside the protection areas. the marine special plan is the first of its kind in the indian ocean. healthy coral i want everything i do or should make a difference and if you have any i think it's a really wonderful feeling knowing that whatever information. it's going to point you to the way we do conservation that's going to have a positive in. america so they can see how the project runs until twenty twenty
by which time the first long term. section plans should be in place the ecosystem in the seychelles is counting on it. in most countries women are an accepted part of the workforce but there are still big differences between nations such as when it comes to the proportion of women in the paint and labor force in the us fifty six percent of women and girls over the age of fifteen engage in paid work in the e.u. that figure slightly lower fifty one percent but in the middle east and north africa an average of just twenty one percent of women have paid work. in jordan that figure is just fourteen percent. change their is in the air. drilling hammering and hauling and all in a job i should know some people would be surprised to see her doing this kind of
handy work but she does it anyway even if it gets pretty grimy. when i'm used to it now i enjoy this work it doesn't bother me any more. i sure and her team of plumbers are working on a construction site for luxury flats in our mine. they have a range of responsibilities. fitting solar panels cleaning water canisters and signed pipes. at the same time challenging gender roles in the arab world. these observant muslim women are doing a typical man's job with great enthusiasm. and. i'm very happy to repair toilets and washing machines on trip place broken tops with his head in the way i feel really good when i've done my work well it makes me proud of myself and my coworkers.
but their male counterparts on the building site don't share their enthusiasm. some of them see the women as a burden. even if they don't say so explicitly. when we are among ourselves we can move around freely on the site but not when the women are here. that. men and women can be uneasy when they're working together women don't feel comfortable fixing a washing machine or installing a toilet next to a man. that is willing to take on a supervising role or do design no cosmetic work. but can a woman really work well on a building site hauling bricks but she's budgeted. i should doesn't let that get to her she's too busy taking care of her mother sister and nephew in a small town south of oman there's not much work in the area the few available jobs
are poorly paid. she's had other work but plumbing is more lucrative she earns the equivalent of twenty euros for every job. she has a few regular customers already including this hairdresser. the shower here is broken by now it's an easy repair for ayesha. but i'm going the figure still don't know i thought it was a strange idea at first that it was somehow a man's job but then i thought i'll just give it a go as a kind of hobby. the love that i thought it would be like any other training but it was really fun and it really is worth it it's all over if you go to. the salon owner is grateful for isis plumbing team but for a simple reason that has little to do with feminism. let know about
my clients all women who wear headscarves in public men are not allowed in here that's why i prefer to hire her for jobs and she's lariam vicious or more. jordan is a beacon of stability in the region and in many ways it's more modern than some of its neighbors but gender equality is a long way off tradition and religion are still very important here. only one in six jordanian women is employed outside the home. but times are changing in jordan and this vocational school is part of the transition. women are learning to fit water taps and much more both in syria and practice. they can get a plumbing search of a kit in two months time. to graduate are much sought after in a country where water is scarce and many pipes leak.
the german government's development agency is supporting the project. in the past you would find that only women working in like as in there's us teachers but now you can find women working in each sector like the female plumbers no one would ever thought that jordan would have a female the most but now with this the rest number you have i think they are proving themselves and this is a thing. about one hundred seventy women now have the certificate after completing the course many say they have a different sense of themselves they exude strength and confidence and soon don't have jobs. but this nothing in this world is just for men so when i decide to do something like this course then i just do it yes you be doing out there you have to fire the in-or and it's changed my life now i know that i can do things like
opening up a top edge over paring appliances at home more with my family my sisters my neighbors i have become a different person really. is that she barely. after another hard day's work and her coworkers head home. every day they spend on the job chips away at clichés turns gender roles upside down and opens the arab world a little more to women's self-determination. and next week's show features other impressive women and girls who are also taking control of their lives we meet young rock musicians in indonesia who against all the odds are determined to follow that train and in south africa we talk to a passionate environmentalist. and that's all from global three thousand this week don't forget to write to us that send us an e-mail to global three thousand come over post on facebook global society. see you soon
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