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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  March 10, 2018 1:02am-1:30am CET

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out to talks the president of the united states accepting came john owns invitation but with north korea's main ally china and america's secretary of state both apparently out of the loop what will the two sides talk about and can they make any agreement stick i'm phil gayle welcome to the day. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime. the sudden trialogue is not possible with such a guy the rest of the reason he was going senile only absolute force could work on him. for a trumpeter to know today president trump promised to meet north korean leader kim jung un by me. but denuclearization and peace on the korean peninsula are beginning
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to be realized in other callers a glimmer of hope. also coming up president trump signs off on terrorists for still an alum many m m ports despite criticism at home and abroad but a growing number of countries seeking exceptions will get the view from the american chamber of commerce here in germany. president trumps a surprise announcement that he will meet to north korea's leader kim jong un is being cautiously welcomed by most world leaders but just months after the two sides seemed close to confrontation over pyongyang's nuclear program many of the meeting will result in further deescalation so let's just take a look at some historical examples of high stakes face to face talks will start in one nine hundred thirty eight british prime minister neville chamberlain came away from a meeting in munich where the german leader he declared peace in our time a year later world war two broke out. nine hundred sixty was next to the height of
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the cold war u.s. president john f. kennedy had with soviet leader mikhail the key to khrushchev kennedy later described the meeting as the worst thing in my life a year later the two nuclear superpower stood on the brink of war over the cuban missile crisis he said to two next us president richard nixon went to china to meet chairman mao thought business was hailed as a diplomatic success and he's seen as the catalyst that began the process of opening china to the outside world in the mid eighty's u.s. president ronald reagan held a series of meetings with soviet leader mikhail gorbachev their efforts to scale back the arms race between the two countries eventually led to the end of the cold war finally if this meeting happens donald trump would become the first u.s. president to meet with a north korean leader while in office his change of heart is in part thanks to
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south korea this is the man doing the running between pianka yang and washington d.c. and he's finally reached a major milestone. for president president from you know meeting north korean leader kim jong un he's committed to. him pledged that north korea really good freeing from any for the nuclear war this so tests that he thrust is the eagerness to meet president from that phone as possible it is a sentiment shared by the u.s. president who confirmed that a meeting is being planned. for historic breakthrough comes after south korean negotiators held talks on monday it was here they learned that denuclearization was on the menu. far from giving up their bombs in recent years north korea has
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been ratcheting up its meso program and the threats. fired back with warnings of annihilation and insults for kim jong il. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime. on the front lines of this conflict the capitals of the korean peninsula relief and distrust so it is good news now everything is heading the right way that judging from kim jong un's character i don't think he will get the weapons easily. because i can't believe either of them i don't know what's in trump's head and i'm doubtful he is serious about this meeting the. details are still being worked out on when and where exactly trump will come face to face with his or vote enemy. whether they see eye
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to eye is another matter entirely. let's get more on this from a house that most of the professor of korean studies and rollins of a university you know well come to the doubly let's start about port about whether each can trust the oven and whether this will actually happen do you think it will happen this meeting well that's a point of time very difficult to say because there could be a lot of different obstacles to actually then have having the meeting but as of now both leaders quite straightforwardly said they want to beat even trump said yes. so as of now we have to expect that it will be yet except vats in the last few minutes it's been said from the us that the president will not meet him unless there he sees some concrete action by yang. right of course he has to say something like that because something for getting into a dialogue has to be given from the north korean side but maybe this could be
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something like the north koreans already have promised such as freezing another the nuclear missiles test or refraining from from any other provocation this could be one thing i could think of what does each side well from the other. well what the north korean side wants is very clear they want to be recognized officially by the international community as a legitimate and sovereign state they want have the garden t. of their regimes survival and they want to have a peace treaty with the us which is complete verifiable and irreversible in the exchange for what well they are. they are they want to have this safety the security and maybe the u.s. of course once wants to have the success this foreign policy success is in midterms elections at the end of the year so both have their motivation to go into these
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talks quite motivated when the news broke is quite interesting to see reactions china north korea's biggest and most important ally said it hopes that these these actually happened but clearly china was out of the loop u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson clearly out of the loop this all happened very quickly or certainly appeared to happen very quickly quickly what do you know about it i'm quite confident that south korea is talking to all the surrounding states to all its allies in particular of course to china which is a very important country to the matter and i don't think china is out of the loop but south korea and the involved parties are now concentrating on the most important factors which are north korea south korea in the draw and the driving seat and the u.s. but china was has always been there and is still there sometimes diplomacy has to
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be quite diplomacy what part of international sanctions had to play in bringing this meeting about we could we can still get that the sanctions particular recently strengthening these sanctions had an impact on on north korea because within north korea domestically north korea now tries to get on to the next step in of comic development and if it was only for survival they could have also survived with the sanctions but they want to develop economically that's very important to the north koreans that might have pushed them to re enter the dialogue but let's be optimistic and say this meeting happens all their risks to it they are always. risks of course but i think these risks can be reduced by before hand exchange of special envoys of the of the different parties and here in this process of course also south korea will continue to play a very important role as
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a broker between these two countries and good story how does a muslim from burdens for university thank you. kelly from washington now from correspondent accustomed phenomena welcome cost and how's this announcement been met capitol hill and in the media. well my impression is that the first initial response yesterday after the announcements of was very positive now skepticism is taking over of course there are supporters of president trump in the media and also among republicans on capitol hill who still insist that this is a win for donald trump it was on the trump's strategy of maximum pressure that brought north korea to the new goshi asian table but many democrats of course as well as representatives of the foreign policy and security
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establishment experts of think tanks many media commentators very doubtful about the motives of north korea they fear that north korea might play a game of bait and switch and that donald trump is pretty badly prepared for a meeting in just a few weeks times with kim jong il and that is maybe why the press secretary of the white house or huckabee send us as you just said in your discussion with. the colleague from the free university she walked back some of the things that were said yesterday apparently saying that we need to have concrete and very final steps by north korea she also talked about denuclearization there and that was confusing because the north koreans have never promised that they want to talk about denuclearization so that is all very often it seems to be some backpedaling on behalf of the white house if the meeting happened what will washington count as
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a win. what washington ones is for north korea to give up its nuclear arms and if possible also its long range missile ballistic missiles and that is very unlikely to happen because the regime in pyongyang sees those weapons as its best insurance against military intervention by the americans so i don't think there will be any quick wins for the on the ground even if that meeting takes place it is a win already though for kim jong. the meeting itself would be a win for him and it would mean that he would be seen as an equal to president trump and also he can buy more time once again for north korea you hinted at this and you know. it's washington ready does it have the expertise to handle a meeting like this that is the big question because north
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korea the u.s. doesn't have an embassy in north korea donald trump hasn't even sent an ambassador to south korea a lot of old korea hands have left the administration having said that they off course still a lot of people with expertise in the state department in the military in the intelligence community who could prepare the president but the bigger question really is does donald trump want to be prepared for such a meeting he likes to shoot from the hip he likes to follow its gut feeling and that might not be the best approach if you meet someone like kim jong un if you want this meeting to be more than just a photo opportunity custom phenomena in washington thank you. well mr trump start a busy day he's also made good on his threats by signing off on import tariffs twenty five percent on steel ten percent on our menu he blames other countries for
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america's massive trade deficit still only accounts for two percent of world trade and yet tit for tat arabs and penalties are dangerous the ripple effects could ask him to a full on trade. this is the moment donald trump made as official surrounded by the people whose job he claims to be securing the u.s. president signed off on plans to impose hefty tariffs on steel went out a million employees. the reaction was swift the world's largest trading bloc the european union says it has knowledge of some of the president's concerns but it rebuffed trump claims that the protectionist measures u.s. national security. we have been in talks with the american friends for quite some time to explain to them that whereas we share the concern of overcapacity in the steel sector this is not the right way to deal with it and it is certainly not the right way to excuse to include europe in that because we are friends we are allies
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we work together we cannot possibly be a threat to national security meanwhile the w.t. you know whose job it is to manage global trade relationships appear to signal that the tyrants weren't yet set in stone is probably still time. as i understand it this measure doesn't apply for another fifteen days and there's a process as well for those members seeking exceptions exemptions to do so so there is still time certainly there's still time to discuss this but on the grounds the potential friends of a trade war is a ready being felt in some on the usual ways take for instance the e.u. threat to retaliate by taxing us products like harley davidson motorcycles this dealership in frankfurt germany has actually experienced a temporary surge in business. knows this thing is that because buying a harley davidson is an emotional thing people have already decided to buy one this season are coming to us in the dealership and saying i want to order my harley now
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before anything happens so that i have that deal in the bag at least before. the deals on motorcycles are one thing deals on steel are another with just two weeks to go before the tire of come into effect from international trade partners will have to act fast if they're to secure exemptions. more on this now with a son who is general manager of iraq and. welcome to day w what is the american chamber of commerce a few of these new types well why. think it's definitely understandable that president trump is addressing the overcapacity of steel and aluminum caused by subsidized and cheap steel an element by china and india it's definitely the wrong measures he's taking first of all it's way too broad the tariffs are way too broad
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so they hurt actually more the allies of the united states like for instance the european union and it's hurting countries who are actually contributing to the economy in the united states if you take a germany for instance they create jobs in the united states seven hundred thousand they invest in infrastructure and in education so that's definitely a country you don't want to hurt by these tariffs secondly this side effects will hurt the u.s. economy itself by raising prices and consumer prices and in the end this might start an escalation and in a trade war and that's bad for the entire world except mr trump's world view he says america would win big in any trade war what does he opinion on there is no big when there is no win the trade war our supply chain economies are
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globally connected so effects of trade wars will always be felt globally also at home in the united states if he is addressing a win that can only be a very narrow and short term wind as in catering to his voter base the blue collar workers in the midwest for instance they might see the creation of jobs in a very small sector of the steel sector. but that won't last very long because the side effects will be higher prices and they're so i don't see any big win certainly not mr trump's figleaves if you like is his excuse for these. and getting all round w.r.t. to w t o rules he says of these steel or aluminum imports affect america's national security i have been slightly convinced by that not at all i think it's actually a vehicle that he is using because actually it's congress that house the trade
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authority and congress has delegated power to the president in trade issues the power to raise or lower tariffs but that is done via legislation so the president needs to use that legislation to actually raise the terror of so he's basically using legislation the delegation of power to him to do that and he's using one particular one from the one nine hundred sixty s. so in my opinion it's a vehicle to do that and certainly it won't lead to anything because if you take europe for instance we are definitely not a national security threat but we are partners. so we heard we're looking at fifteen days before this happens what is likely to happen within fifteen days for the those countries who are likely to be affected by this what will they do well the first and most important step will happen and that's tomorrow when the u.s.
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trade representative like ties or will meet with the e.u. trade commissioner cecilia mindstorm and they will sit down and talk and negotiate and that's the imperative thing that we talk and i think that the next fifteen days will be used for that will be used for talks for negotiations and hopefully also others will raise their voices like industry but do you think the vision goes ations are likely to be pleading for an exemption those are the ok if you do that you're playing the game should be should they be going for an exemption or should they be telling mr trump to. abandon this policy. well it's certainly difficult to tell president trump to abandon his policy we've seen that he's a negotiator that he needs a deal and i think the tariffs are a political measure he's taking for domestic reasons so he's catering to his voter
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base so he needs to take something home to show with those who only got minor gains from the tax reform for instance that he's he's on their side putting more on their table so i think it will have to be negotiations he won't abandon the policy choices argue so it's very clear. from the american chamber of commerce in germany thank you you're very welcome. vital i has arrived in syria's eastern guta after being delayed for days by fighting relief workers deliver the supplies during a brief lull despite renewed bombardment by the syrian regime forces a thirteen truck convoy a loaded for about twelve thousand people in duma the largest town in the rebel held on klav close to four hundred thousand inhabitants of been living under government since twenty thirteen with food and medicines in short supply.
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more than a million refugees meanwhile have fled syria and made their way to lebanon since war broke out seven years ago many of those fleeing are children aid groups have been helping them deal with a trauma through creativity now an exhibition has opened in beirut which features artwork inspired by the children's programs and stores it would be behind me the w.c. . has been taking a look. while those fled the war in syria four years ago after her home in her was bombed she and her family now live in this lebanese refugee camp. even when she first got to lebanon was worked back in boxes earning just four dollars a day then an engineer or called beyond rescued her from that job and got her into a school near the camp. today the sixteen year old is about to head out to her
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poetry class there's a lot more country where no one caught. after years of trauma and uncertainty while is beginning to find her voice and she's learning to write verse for the first time in her life. the generation whose life is lost because dreams have been broken by war we are the generation that has grown too soon this point recounts the challenges about faces as a refugee. the family has we're always attacking us with words the lebanese always ask who are you where did you come from why did you come here. a two hours drive from the camp the u.n. children's organization unicef has organized an exhibition about art and refugees at beirut's civil war memorial.
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this meeting is inspired by the words of what thoughts and feelings of dozens of syrian children on display in this exhibition and been told by the horns and let us sit on a level these artists have come together and are using their creativity to describe the experiences of the students of war. yvonne depp's is one of the artists we strive to capture huard sentiments on canvas. this is not sadness this is this is anger and. and there were i didn't want to show children as victims. the organizers deliberately chose the memorial as the site for the event levanon itself suffered two decades of civil war that nearly tore the country apart .
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civilians have been the main victims of the conflict in syria which has especially targeted the country's young. many of the children that have written poems and text have lived their war very intensively they have rules their homes their school sometimes their parents back at the camp while the movie is on the way to a get together with some friends she's now taking up singing is reading and says she'd like to be a journalist or a single when she grows up. a bit wild has lost nearly everything but she refuses to give up hope. on this return to our top story the planned meeting between us president donald trump on north korea's leader kim jong un it's worth remembering how the sudden forward relations began with the north's participation in the winter olympics the
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paralympics began today after a glittering ceremony in pilling chang south korea fireworks this up the night sky outside the olympic stadium a small five hundred six year old place gathered to compete in the biggest winter politics and history. game until the eighteenth. well this day is nearly done but as ever the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter i think w news or phil i've got to use a hash tag that i've got.
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