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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  March 15, 2018 5:02am-5:31am CET

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a chemical weapon has never been used against a member of nato until last week britain says moscow is responsible for a nerve agent attack that has put more than one hundred people in danger tonight the first u.k. response kicking out some russian diplomats and a royal boycott of soccer's world cup i'm going to offer berlin this is the day. the russian state was culpable for the attempted murder of mr script file and his daughter may have treated the use of a military grade agent in europe with sarcasm contempt and defiance the united kingdom will now expel twenty three russian diplomats who have been identified as undeclared intelligence offices they have just one week to leave this will be the
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single biggest expulsion of over thirty years it is essential that we now come together with our allies and to send a clear message to those who would seek to undermine them. also coming up a fourth term as german chancellor angela merkel the world's most powerful woman made a promise today that she will probably never make again ishmael i swear that i will tell you kate my efforts to the well being of the german people have a full my duty as conscientiously and to justice tool. yvonne help me count ah . we begin the day with the first response to the first ever chemical weapons attack inside a member of nato the country attacked britain the country behind the attack russia
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now that is the conclusion of british intelligence following last week's poisoning of a former russian spy and his daughter more than one hundred people are still feared to be in danger due to exposure from the nerve agent that was used yet prime minister to resign may she has yet to describe the incident in such stark terms the un security council and the european union will hold meetings on the attack but so far the retaliation remains a british affair today may told parliament that she is expelling twenty three russian diplomats suspected of being spies and there will be a royal boycott no member of the royal family will attend the soccer world cup in russia this summer does this punishment fit the crime we have more in this report. may announce the measures after russia nor the deadline to provide an explanation for the attack she said moscow's failure to cooperate showed what she called a disdain for the gravity of the events her conclusion when it came was unambiguous
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so mr speaker there is no alternative conclusion other than that the russian state was culpable for the attempted murder of mr script pile and his daughter and for threatening the lives of other british citizens in salzburg including detective sergeant nick beatty she said the steps against moscow would include freezing up some russian accents and this is special of high level contacts be the headline move though was what will be the largest expulsion of russian diplomats from the u.k. in more than thirty years under the vienna convention the united kingdom will now expel twenty three russian diplomats who have been identified as undeclared intelligence officers they have just one week to leave the russian embassy in london described the measures as unacceptable unjustified and shortsighted the ambassador said moscow wanted to see samples of the nerve agent used in the attack and accused london of failing to stick to international rules on such matters first
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we want to see the samples full stop without the samples the official procedure all the realization all be provisional the chemical weapons were not going to for i think that britain should for the international law as ties with russia now look set to enter a new deep freeze the u.k. is looking to its allies possible that the e.u. is donald to scale says he believes the attack was inspired by moscow and promised to discuss it at an east summit next week. for some analysis now we want to bring in anthony glees he's director of the center for security and intelligence studies at the university of miami joins us from august good evening to you so we've got these twenty three diplomats that the prime minister is kicking alpes do we know who they are and why were they selected. i think we can very safely assume they were selected by britain's security service the m i five and they were selected
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because of that title's people need to know they have basically two sorts of intelligence offices who operate in foreign countries those who are attached to an embassy legally and those who are independent of the embassy so called illegals now all of the illegals in the embassy some of those people in the embassy will be normal diplomats doing that open source diplomatic activity but some will be secret intelligence offices and senate m i five our security service will have a good idea of who they are so mr graves are you saying that these twenty three people they may be listening diplomats but they're actually doing espionage in the u.k. yes i think that's absolutely right because before they leave the united kingdom in a week we will have to be satisfied that none of them was in seoul's three and involved in the attempted assassination of mrs grey fox and his daughter yulia
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because it is possible that some of them may have been what if if we know so quickly that twenty three people are suspected spies in the u.k. why are why weren't they kicked out a long time ago why are they in the country right now. ok it's a very good question in the real world of international politics every single country houses intelligence offices in its embassy we do it in the united kingdom you do it in the federal republic and the russians do it in russia the question really is if they cross the line and do things that seriously damaging to the national security of the country that they are in and when that happens a decision as to be taken to expel them i think we can expect the russians to stop expelling british diplomats any moment now so what we've got tonight then is we but the u.k. expelling diplomats who are really spies and we've also got
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a royal boycott of the summer world cup in russia this summer would you say that this punishment fits the crime which is a very important measure that checks on acra flight into the united kingdom from russia and there is i suggest that the royal family will not go and look at the wellcome of course it's up to fifty to decide whether the england team should go and play in the well and indeed whether any european team should go in the well should play in the world cup in russia in june and july my own feeling is that this is such a serious matter. a prime minister the british prime minister has said with a probability that borders on certainty the russian state is to blame for this attack him people fighting for their lives british police officers seriously injured five hundred people in seoul's bery woke up yesterday morning saying they
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too may have been contaminated by this vile nerve agent this is in effect. an invasion through chemical means of british soil and that has to have. very serious consequence you say it is an invasion with a chemical weapon on british soil britain is a member of nato nato today said that this is the a first offensive use of a nerve agent on a nato member since one thousand nine hundred forty nine we didn't hear anything. to that extent today from theresa may do you think this situation has the potential to become a nato incident i think it could become a nato incident yes because i think it deserves to be a nato incident less of a strike against some of his including myself in the united kingdom is how quickly germany and other european union countries latvia lithuania estonia but also from
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this came out to support and the european parliament came out to support this may very well in the end to say that the blame for this ultimately rests with russia the response from the white house was not immediate and was very any make and by no means a straw man that's a problem for mrs may british people have voted to get out of the european union and they voted that call to get closer to america. you know that's that's a very good point especially the day after the secretary of state was fired by the u.s. president is not a good situation for the british prime minister tonight that is for sure anthony glees thank you very much we appreciate your insights tonight. well today in berlin those of us who follow politics found ourselves in gulf with a sense of deja vu competing with the feeling that this is it today i'm going to
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became germany's chancellor for the fourth time taking the oath of office just as she has done three times before and of course with her famous holding of the hands there now merkel took office back in two thousand and five a lot of leaders have come and gone since then take a look at who was in power or had just been elected when merkel first took that oath as chancellor if you look at france for example it was ceroc who was president then there was the prime minister tony blair in the u.k. george w. bush was the u.s. president turkey's president at the time was richard type editor one ellen johnson sirleaf was africa's first elected leader she was president elect at the time in the vatican pope benedict the sixteenth was still there and in russia there was wagner putin is president and in iran mahmoud ahmadinejad most of them are history
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now today thirteen years later merkel is still leading she has outlasted almost every head of state except for two noticeable min vladimir putin and turkey's rector tell you better what merkel has never said that this is her last term she has hinted that a fourth term could easily become a final term time will tell we have this report on the long road that led to today's swearing in. after a nearly six months long wait germany's new government has finally been sworn in a new cabinet with a well known chancellor. on wednesday morning until americal took her oath on the german constitution the official start of her fourth term. i swear that i will dedicate my efforts to the welfare of the german people promote their benefits protect them from home and do justice to all so help me go out. to.
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her election as chancellor was closer than expected merkel's coalition of conservatives and social democrats actually has a clear majority but her margin of victory was only nine votes. if i ask you do you accept the result yes mr president i do. the conservative c.d.u. c.s.u. bloc has now begun its third grand coalition with the social democrats who had long struggle to saying yes to this coalition but in the end the junior partners offered . chancellor remains the chancellor and that's cause for happiness and relief i think this is good news for the citizens of our country and good news for europe. really for some in spite of a close election result the months of tough negotiations to form a new government are over the far right left the opposition in voicing criticism as
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to do it this means that two loser parties struggles to join forces in order to somehow govern the country. got a real scandalous the contents of the coalition agreement with this the government has turned to bumpy start. picking start. after the election german president funk a hand at the chancellor her letter of appointment and then the same for her fifteen cabinet ministers. praise for the new government. come and welcome federal government it's about time. the president called for more than just a repeat from enter new ministers. but a mere reissue of the old will not be enough to win back lost trust this government must prove it is new and different view. a gentle reminder that the chancellor
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chose not to take his criticism because supported the formation of a government within his mandates framework and he has told us what is necessary i believe that is also reflected in what we have worked out. at the top. one hundred seventy one days after the general election last september germany finally has a new government and. is once again back in charge. well i'm joined now here at the big table by jack james he's the executive director of the american institute for contemporary german studies at johns hopkins university he knows the inside the outsides of german politics and u.s. politics it's good to have you back on the show you were at the swearing in today what was it like well i think it was less enthusiastic than dissipated i mean i think the vote was a foregone conclusion and i think what now is the question is how does she make this time different i mean they were all told that today weren't they you guys have
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the challenge of you look a lot like what we just had which are supposed to be new and improved but where does this come from and where does it go from here and i think that she's still got to come up the coalition agreement is there but has she operationalize it is she has been called the most powerful woman in the world what do you think her title is tonight well i think she is still a person that is capable of holding europe together but obviously with less power than she had before and i think that that's something that the rest of europe has to understand because you know twelve years in office she was extremely important to keep a year of going through one crisis after another and the question is is there somebody who's going to take that crown from her and then who is that maybe somebody on the other side of the rhine yeah i mean we don't know. there are some changes that are taking place one is that we were talking about this earlier if you look at the picture she is wearing
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a white blazer today and all of the commentators were talking about that never did that before every other time i think they said she had a black blazer so that's one change she's known as muti here in germany which is german for mommy in a way you've written that now and she is grandma moved. so how close would you say we are then to the post miracle era. i think it started quite quickly after the election was won in september people started conjecturing about that all the way along doesn't mean that she's going to step out doesn't mean that she's not going to be there for a long time how long depends on the cohesion of the coalition but you can't get around that problem she says in effect in a situation where a second term president is although she's in her fourth term so she's a lame duck and i would i wouldn't use that expression of what i would say that she's in a position where she can avoid that question i mean she's also never said i said
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this earlier she's never said that she's not going to run for another term after this or she's hinted that this will probably be it i mean what do you think i think it will be it i think the question is now she does two things where is the successor how does she build that person up and what legacy does she really want to leave and i think it's going to be europe do you think that we already know who the successor is going to be no i mean i think there's a lot of play in the system the parliamentary system could depend on who the coalition will be and we don't know who that might be things are changing volcanically under all of the parties undertow so i think there's a it's guessing game the you say all of this shows that the political parties here in germany have never been so disconnected with the voters and the level of discontent has never been so high. what do you do that. can change that i mean are we asking miracle and this new government to do to give
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us something that superman would be able to deliver we know these things that just are possibly going to depend on events that's around here and to some extent what goes on in the rest of europe it's not just what's going on in germany but i think that there has to be a sense of enthusiasm really lit in this in this context of this new coalition white jacket or black jacket she's got a fine that's why she put some new people in the cabinet and sort of symbolize that not quite frankly i might be the reason she's wearing white today but i think the basic premise is how do you get people to become more enthusiastic stakeholders in the future not only of germany but of europe in general is a good question the answer is out there i suppose let's talk about. merkel interop but we know that she spoke with mr trump a couple of weeks ago and that was the first time that they had had any contact for five months and that is unprecedented i don't think it's happened just since kennedy was president that more than four weeks have gone by the president and the
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chancellor have not spoken now we've got rex tillerson the secretary of state he was fired yesterday how in the world can miracle build a relationship with president wrong well i don't think she has a choice i think she has to build a relationship with the united states of america whether or not she likes the style of the president or not the question is what does she want from the u.s. and to some extent how can she balance that with what he thinks he wants from her and this is where we then to the tariff discussions is where we get the two percent in nato my sense is she can remember this is a woman who's dealt with three very different presidents and i think in that respect she's equipped with some experience to make that happen the problem is does she have the backing of the coalition to do just that in terms of these real relationships with the united states. in the us america is popular and i was looking at the latest data her level of popularity has gone up every year over
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these past twelve or thirteen years there she is she's in a very good position to try to get his ear. china it has made it possible for me to be president for life you have the trump white house that is very chaotic at the moment and then you have. here in berlin this portrait of a trend peaceful transfer of power from one government to the next that some people would say was a big sleeper. is that actually germany's biggest asset right now in the world i would think that would be not only true for germany but it would also be true for europe because clearly when you think about it there is very few people that sit on a position of leverage that europe has right now to lead it down another chapter europe three point zero or euro four point zero whatever you want to say and she's one of those people now she may have to leverage that with
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a man in paris who is very ambitious and would like to be able to assume a role as a president a call but i think that the circumstances are such that she remains a rock within the context of a very stormy. environment in europe and i think most people see her as that what about what theresa may season her and i ask you that because tonight we have the u.k. in a situation where it says russia launched a chemical weapons attack on its soil last week and it needs all of its allies now and we know that the u.k. is leaving the e.u. rexy so is merkel going to be asked by the u.k. to get inside the head vladimir putin as she has done before well i don't know if anybody can do that she certainly has the context and the and the and the access but no one that i know really knows much about what's going on in moscow now my sense is that her need now is to stand south of the with mrs may and england
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and europe in general to stand up to a bully and i think that if she doesn't do that it's going to weaken nato and to some extent i think that is by the way something that the united states should do immediately but we don't have time it seems to me to waste on whether or not we do with this or not this is a this is a major attack on an alliance. right that's a big open question and i think we're going to see how that plays out in the next couple of days jack chain's with the american institute for contemporary german studies we appreciate you coming in and it's good to see you have you back on the show thank you very much. the renowned british physicist stephen hawking has died at the age of seventy six his family says that he passed away peacefully in his sleep in the early hours of wednesday now hawking will be remembered for his groundbreaking work on black holes linked to einstein's theory of relativity he also worked on
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a grand theory of everything a single theory that would explain everything in the universe we're still working on proving that he also had defied expectations living for more than fifteen years with a motor neuron disease that never handicapped his heart or his mind let's have a look back british theoretical physicist professor stephen hawking was known as much for his profound and witty comments as for his scientific discovery is a brilliant smile which endlessly explored time the universe and humanity's place within it he communicated his theories through his famous story synthesizer. diagnosed with a rare form of motes in your own disease during his post-graduate studies at cambridge university he was given just a few years to live instead he defied the norm of the fatal illness for more than fifty is in his own words my expectations were reduced to zero when i was twenty
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one everything since then has been a bonus. social media platforms were flooded with affection attributes reflecting hawking's gentle sense of humor he once said the downside of his celebrity status was that it wasn't enough to wear dark glasses and a wig to avoid being greg nighest the wheelchair gave him the way he made many cameo television appearances the cast and crew of the american smash hit sitcom the big bang theory also pay tribute hawking was loved across the media and academia unlike. you i'm a case where he was a fallacy i'd say we have every t.v. spots in town that if you rush to get tickets you did about by casey is going to try not to ever want to be at it with the walking with bassett huge impact in terms of just making up having academic research topic you know so i feel like you know
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what have an academic is on that list celebrity in an interview professor stephen hawking said if you are lucky enough to find love remember it is there and don't throw it away. wise words from a man she changed the way we perceive place in the universe. winds words in the day is really the conversation continues online you're flying to say as always on twitter you direct t.v. or. news and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see the never. cut. cut. cut. cut cut cut cut.
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cut cut. cut. cut cut. cut. cut. my guest this week on conflicts. alexander downer my fellow kludgy from. chris for. the wrongs of comebacks of comics. to cold blood may come on a lot of great get. this next song titled. stop the stars you made of
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copper still. represent an. architect of the east germany's police state. and you claim to. i'd had my way. east germany would still be here. and you know. stir a beer in forty five minutes on. that people for d.w.i. on facebook and twitter to date and in touch. with some junk and instructions from a book. page or fourteen william coming. wanted to build a wind turbine to provide his village with electricity. business
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deal changes like a quick fix all of that much of an exciting journey on the world's biggest. heroes story. and the winter starting march twenty first in w. . my guest this week on conflicts is alexander downer michael. shara deny chris abraham guyandotte the rives a comeback she recounts soccer severely ybor him curry she became a stage and now we. sense out say. a lot greg barack not bill shuster so much. as saw me alfonso das this.

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