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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  March 17, 2018 9:30am-10:00am CET

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the case took it seriously in the art of war here's what's coming up. on. the sunday on the mission to check out. smart women smart smart. and legend this implying no means mccareins recently dangerous stuff. alone a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we go first to one of the e.u.'s smaller countries slovakia where the government is on the brink of collapse amid a crisis triggered by the killing of
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a young journalist there have been huge demonstrations to protest the murder of twenty seven year old young coochie back and his girlfriend of the rallies are reported to be the biggest in the country since the velvet revolution back in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine. well at the time of his killing had been investigating the corruption that is abroad and slovakia and specifically links between leading politicians and an italian mafia group the murder has left other journalists like susanna pet cover a friend and colleague of young coach jacques living in fear is they continue to probe the corruption that appears to go right to the top. this luxury apartment complex in bratislava is the product of a massive fraud. on a pet is one of the journalists who exposed it. this also happens to be the address of former prime minister robert feet so who has in the meantime resigned petkovic discovered that his government had helped the building contract to dodge millions
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of pyrrus in taxes. and no he. simply changed the laws so quickly that the building contractor couldn't pay up the v.a. tax without any penalties. which is just what he did. this is only one of many cases that reveal corruption at the highest levels. but it's so widespread that the country has gotten used to it but he never shut the . heck of it keeps glancing around nervously the journalist researched this and other scandals together with a coworker young could see. he was shot to death in mid february by person still unknown. even so the reporter isn't afraid to talk to a neighbor at the complex. here but what was the situation with the building permit looking for the little they applied for it after the fact and it was approved
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that's just not right but this isn't only a problem with the current government when things like this happen there's a short period of outrage and then everything's back to business as usual and if you focus. on all that since the murder of young could say seen here at a journalism seven and twenty seventeen things have started changing in slovakia on march ninth tens of thousands of people demonstrated against the government and the rampant corruption in the country. is on a pack of also took the stage to demand a swift investigation of the murder of her friend and colleague and his fiance. these demonstrators seem convinced that the connections between political circles and organized crime that could help to expose or indeed real. china over to the streets against the communists back in one nine hundred eighty nine now we need another fundamental change to bring the truth to light. the
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most important thing is that the people of this country feel secure again i for one don't have that feeling of security then prime minister robert feets also did his part to spread fear as a press conference he referred to journalists as prostitutes. it came as no surprise to cover she worries that the politicians rhetoric could encourage someone to attack reporters once again. after younes murder we took safety precautions for editorial staff now the research team uses only encrypted communication channels it's not on the monopoly card at the onset of us and we never send anything by e-mail anymore anything instead we meet in safe places and keep each other up to date that way because of me but i don't see that as soon just a few weeks earlier a pic of a skull had mysteriously caught fire while she was driving she pulled over thinking
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at first it was a mechanical problem. but then she met with an informant in a shopping mall. this morning. suddenly the parking garage called and told him his car was on fire but we ran down there and i saw his car was burning the same way mine had. after that the informer never contacted me again. at the time i didn't think much of it and didn't go to the police but now i think it was meant as a warning to me. if you don't but i will judge them they both work your ass. converse determined to press on she feels she owes it to her friend and colleague young could see uk and his fiance martina close near over the protests and commemoration of the two murder victims all across about here give her courage. as men are started after these murders i'm hoping things will finally change. the
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state has been stolen from us slovaks. the institutions are corrupt and dysfunctional. and i recently. that's what led to these tragedies where we thought such things were no longer right and possible in twenty eighteen that was missing was enough for the. sins of some ousts and most of. us as cers on a pic of a points out they happened in an e.u. member state. the murder of journalists young could see actors not just concerned survive here but all of europe. well a fact finding delegation from the european union parliament has visited bratislava one recommendation is that the e.u.'s crime fighting agency europol should join the investigation into the killing of young and his partner.
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now what kind of a country has russia become under vladimir putin as voters go to the polls in a presidential election they do so in a russia of stark contrast between the rich and the poor influential in the neglected and between the capital and the provinces in the third of a series of reports focus on europe's euro chateau has visited two women with very different lifestyles one in moscow the other nearly one thousand eight hundred kilometers to the east in a suburb of the city of year catherine block. on the outskirts of the central russian city of catarina burg a house is in a state of extreme disrepair. the roof is in danger of looters pollutant. what happens when the state turns a blind eye to poor housing conditions. just look at those roofs there's mold
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everywhere the building belonged to a state owned company that went out of business and no one has taken responsibility for the plane fix it the authorities aren't lifting a finger. nearly two thousand kilometers away the contrast couldn't be greater for the last few years the russian capital has been a showcase for billions of euros worth of investment in renovation anyone with a well paying job and can enjoy a life of luxury. who works in the russian parliament says she owes her success to president putin. i'm grateful to the president that i have a job and that my parents are employed i'm proud of my country and its history. and that's why i fact president putin for helping russia reclaim a leading role on the world stage. back in.
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daria daryn her neighbors have a very different take on russia's leadership they have since found out that their building was constructed illegally and has never been renovated. let us now we're really afraid. when our foreign sleep i think to myself hopefully i'll wake up on this floor and not in the neighbor's apartment below the people who i won't vote for putin is just playing to his own people because you know when you are all the time life is getting worse. make all the decisions about us we've lost hope. but people like. in moscow hope things will stay the same business as usual since her just fine they're the more i hope that over the next six years the president will accomplish everything he set out to do maybe he'll work hard the main thing is that he builds on the principles he laid out at the beginning. diamonds at the
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bushehr. is among the many winners in. anyone who has the means lives in a kind of comfort bubble and they don't hesitate to show off their lavish lifestyles on social media. the number of russian multi-millionaires has risen sharply in the past year. and the department store at red square is the epicenter of their consumerism its proud display of opulence is the symbol of everything provincial life is not. away from the glittering facade on the other side of russia there's not much interest in the vote. citizens don't trust in the state to do anything on their behalf. kimba to be authorities send us back and
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forth what i've tried to get an appointment with the mayor or the governor but no luck. we see them with mothers grandmothers and children on t.v. all the time but we can't get a minute with that. in this country full of contradictions the only thing that seems to count in this election is the promise of stability and the fear that russia could turn back on itself. meanwhile the gap between rich and poor is growing steadily wider. now here's a question does russia's orthodox church serve god alone or perhaps also the interests of lybia who suddenly the two sides appear to be moving ever closer together and adopting similar positions on things like family values human rights and even foreign policy and the relationship bring substantial benefits for the church such as it seems the transfer of the famous st isaac's cathedral in st
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petersburg back into the hands of the church but as our reporter shows there is resistance. saying isaac's cathedral may be famous but it's also controversial officially it isn't a church it's a state run museum but that could change soon st petersburg's local administration plans to transfer control of the building to the russian orthodox church a decision that has made many people angry. seven epic shocking night and eating a chain men have been protesting against the measure for over a year now they are preparing to take to the streets of their hometown again even as poster reads the constitution separates church and state the two women feel the orthodox church has stopped respecting that. if they even then but this is part of a larger phenomenon in russian society at the churches that are fearing more and more in everything in the army in schools in the government in local parliament everything is going to die to me even though officially there is
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a separation of church and state here and i did in that because the dust is like asking someone at the bus in isaak's to theder all is the final stronghold in the battle for our state because the constitution says we live in a secular country and that's what i wanted. the blue has become the color of this movement to protect st petersburg skyline armed with balloons the protesters are fighting for their city despite the freezing temperatures there balloons read the cathedral must remain a museum. ahead of the upcoming elections and the other protesters want to show the government that the church's influence in russia has gone too far. the russian president on the other hand makes a point of showing his close proximity to the orthodox church it's seen as a pillar of bloody near putin's russia but the increasing influence of the church is divisive here. it all started with
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pussy riot a few years ago the punk bands protest against the lack of separation between church and state got the women sentenced to two years in a prison colony and insulting the feelings of believers became a criminal offense in russia. the allegation is becoming increasingly common the production of wagner is all part of a c.b.s. was labeled blasphemous and bound. the portrayal of an affair between tsar nicholas the second who was canonized by the russian orthodox church and a ballerina in the film matilda also caused a scandal the church itself sees its influence as historically justified after all during the soviet union religion was suppressed churches were destroyed or repurposed and priests were killed. in today's russia orthodox christianity has become an important part of the national identity. of the returns russia to
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its name. could not of. getting a church property as a restoration like the story of justice. to. the protesters outside st isaac's cathedral disagree they say this building belonged to the state and not the church even before the russian revolution that the listener just has to be much interested with surveys show that most. st petersburg first want the building to remain a museum i like in particular we want to protest to emphasize that our government is secular and that no single religion is privileged in this country and that a state museum belongs to everyone here no matter what religion they are he said he should lead the way to go wasn't even that the ethnicity i the local government has so far refused to hold a referendum on the issue perhaps because it could provoke too much of a conflict ahead of this summer's elections so for now the fate of st petersburg is
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most important to get the droll remains up in the air at least until after polling day. now a story from the italian french border of people who are willing to risk hefty prison sentences and possibly war in order to save the lives of others i'm talking about volunteer rescuers who do what they can to help refugees trying to make their way from italy into france across the mountainous border it's a battle against snow and ice and often against the clock. we fairly sick or for terror if you hear a call for help from some refugees is coming in. there are four of them. that just crossing the border not clear if we don't to hurry over misconduct about birth she always brings up the alpine rescue worker phillips and as he helps refugees at the french italian border together with two neighbors superficial refugees will be
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caught by the border police the police the. refugees often hide near the mountain pass that motion they have. the helpers are bringing them warm clothing so they don't freeze to death nor usually they come from over them so i don't book you is one of what a lot of opinion on our border police snowmobile talk about all that on a lot of these volunteer rescuers risk up to five years in prison and fines of up to thirty thousand euros or at least among the. hostages or is only willing to take when it's on the course it's very scary these people's lives are more important to be particularly to seize on. more and more refugees are taking trains from the south of italy to the country's north from there they set out at night heading for the border. about fifteen migrants have arrived at the station of bottleneck for those who have
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already survived the horrors of the libyan refugee camps and the mediterranean crossing the danger zone point crossing is not a deterrent what's it to continue on foot which way are you going. to do that or. france because we've had enough of it in the city that we can't get papers . it's thirty two kilometers to the mountain pass at eight hundred meters elevation there's a border patrol outpost where police have him for red cameras the helpers find for refugees who've already. crossed into france as usual other volunteer help police are checking to see if the police are in the vicinity they tell felipe's a neti the coast is clear. the volunteers will bring the freezing refugees to bring el song a town twenty kilometers from the border after two or three days they'll continue onward to somewhere else in france or to northern europe the volunteer helpers know
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that if they're caught with refugees in their car they could face a prison sentence but for them helping people takes precedence none of the volunteers have been arrested yet although some have been interrogated at the police station so are the volunteers actually participating in human trafficking no no no of course not we're going to take money which is what traffickers deviates and we're providing emergency assistance is so that people don't freeze to dance you are able to keep god sure. about two hundred residents of brasil including some doctors are taking part in the effort the mayor has made this community center available as a refuge he also pays for food meanwhile two thousand undocumented migrants have passed through here but a few other i'm always yeah and they shop it out all step it's an ethical imperative for us to take the men to give them a place to regain their strengths who falls. into it there were indeed a problems related to their legal status or point your report fifty five or so
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that's not the first issue at hand we could have but those are poignant also but it is still another community owned houses sheltering mamadou a migrant from mali remember. filmmaker mariam show is helping him two years ago mamadou sakho plight sparked a wave of solidarity at just twenty six moment who lost both feet his friend who was then twenty four lost both hands because it happened when they tried to cross the nearby called. the shell pass which was closed because of a diverse get a lease you know it was good we were wearing sneakers left it was night when we arrived at the mound in looking at me and we couldn't even see the roll of wooden supposing the snow went up to our armed forces then we realized the tunnel was close yellow so we had to climb down the snow covered mountainside to make the crossing of it took all night mamadou had to leave his friend behind he went to get
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help and barely made it to the hospital. clear limits and live in a mirror image the doctor came and said ok we have to end of take your feet if you still see him i could hardly bear this but it was here the marker managed to get him out afterwards trouble started this rescue initiative which operates around the clock so that no one else gets lost people very sick and they don't want mamadou story to repeated selflessness credit that all the volunteers feel helping is not a choice it's an obligation they'll continue to risk arrest until friends find a way to ensure the safety of these refugees. and it's shocking to hear that mountain guides in the italian alps of issued warnings that the bodies of migrants might be uncovered when the snow melts this spring now on a very very different boat everybody of course has a story to tell but not always somebody to listen to one man though is determined to do what he can to put that right seventy one year old kristoff bush
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a scriptwriter by trade has rented a former kiosk in a number ground station in germany's northern port city of hamburg and set himself up as somebody who will lend his ear to pretty much anybody. we're at the inn million stross a subway station in hamburg. and. the platform has what looks like a regular kiosk but this one doesn't sell the usual newspapers and chocolates the man who starts it off as an entirely different this. morning so what can i buy here you can buy anything all you can do is be heard if you want to tell me a story i'm all ears even if it's just a few sentences about this. the promise to listen arouses curiosity people are drawn to the unusual kiosk at the station. they really might be happy if you can buy actually has a number you can call two of them to say you're writing
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a book like this written for it might turn into a book but first of all i just listen to the things people tell me are veggie called stories to tell here to. the seventy one year old is a script writer for television he rented this space as a writing studio with a. mirror for you straight imagine that i would sit here and write and occasionally someone would approach me and i would talk to them. but actually i don't do any writing anymore i just listen with me or not. most people who speak to christophe bush don't want to be on camera some tell him episode from their childhood or the entire story of their lives they're happy to find someone willing to just listen. to cut off a dozen people don't normally spend a lot of time in a subway station which means that when someone does come to do it they're prepared to spend a bit of time is the. point and by phone she wants
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to talk about her marriage to a man from senegal christoph bush considers whether this could make an interesting story. begins in the gulf given not my money at that point i migrated to senegal with my husband but we weren't really. agreed on it. i said let's do this i have so many ideas this is a poor country and they need good ideas here but it didn't work only nine months. i fit in. because we came back that it was a great experience it how to from all the noise on the lookout for people i would normally came to me who wouldn't come to my house for a party for example in the two hours of the party or people though instill a sense of respect and maybe. i'm a bit taken aback by what they say. that's exciting about this quote. he's wary of being treated as a stand in therapist or pastor nevertheless he hears more sad stories than happy ones. he says. i tell myself sorrow is the flipside of happiness and if you are
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never unhappy then you don't know what happiness is most people who come here want to escape their sorrow but this is like a first step in that direction does. some of these stories affect christophe push very deeply but he gladly accept what people have been trusted to him. well thanks very much for listening to and watching focus on europe this week if you'd like to see any of today's reports again just go to our home page or d.w. dot com all visit us on facebook at the w store until next time it's bye bye shirts.
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this is d w news live from bali the standoff deepens russia says it wants to expel twenty three british diplomats this image clearly signed the kremlin off the u.k. personally blamed president putin over the poisoning of a former russian double agent and his daughter will the rally escalate for. also coming up like russia prepares for sunday's presidential elections it might be a done deal with putin but can he get voters to turn out in the numbers he wants.


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