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tv   Doc Film - Australia - Great Barrier Reef at Risk  Deutsche Welle  March 25, 2018 8:02am-8:30am CEST

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one of the world's cultural treasures. a neverending construction site and a magnet for tourists. cologne cathedral join us as we explore the history of this imposing house of worship. because the drill starting watched twenty ninth on t.w. . keith and helen from melbourne have almost reached their dream destination. the couple have been on the road for three weeks driving from the cold south of australia to the tropical north. company does everybody have
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their say fox at least once a. half weeks back but he's sought out. the ship. for michael if that's if they. keep him helen are here to see what others have already declared dead a natural wonder the great barrier reef. here in australia they're known as grey nomads retirees like keith and helen who swap their home for a caravan for a couple of months to escape winter. they make this trip every year three thousand
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six hundred kilometers from melbourne to port douglas. to great pyramid guy heroic i might gain it going to be twenty seven every day i have a code we can draw it without a beautiful baby tree in the limited period that we gave it. well let me look at chang to make. peace and helen got married here at the great barrier reef it was the beginning of a lifelong bond. the reef is a magical place two thousand three hundred kilometers long three thousand separate coral reefs a unique habitat. and port douglas this is where the big tourist boats set off. everyone wants to see
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the reef it's an unforgettable experience. nearly five hundred coral hungry vacationers stream aboard the great barrier reef tour boat. it has rained solidly for the last two weeks now on the first sunny day the boat is full. and. keith and helen are also on board looking forward to some snorkeling among the corals. and i just don't and i do it i'm just a lot and even if you being there don't hit the ball it's. will be
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a difficult to do it again yeah it's just something i haven't done pete. and i have been up this before i have been there that day and sad but it'd be very interesting interesting to see him. have it looked at they said that all. three of the great barrier reef is australia's biggest and most breathtaking tourist attraction it's coral reefs and draw more than two million tourists a year to australia's northeast coast go to nick reef along with him but he's been through enough it makes mel g.'s a homer. simpson hell and squeeze into their dive suits. as long as the great barrier reef is still there the tourism industry is determined to make the most of the attraction it's a big money spinner the trip to the snorkeling platform took an hour and a half to six feet. back on.
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the nano there. just a few signals like us ok ok just to say you know i'm in and as far as the lockouts goes a lot of us have it that you have a trouble it's just that is where mr singh. said. to me it's like a fish a catholic getting up at. the top of. the top of. the water is teeming with life and every creature has its place keith and helen are not the only visitors who come from a long way away. see snakes turtles mantas dolphins sharks and even whales call by. all life here depends on one two. tiny organisms the corals that form these
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fantastic structures corals provide a nursery for fish a sheltered environment for spawning and for juveniles to mature this is where fledgling fish set off into the vast expanses of the ocean and that is why corals are so important for marine life. in. this. area of. the great barrier reef is the world's most spectacular coral reef complex says dive master jesse overholser a coral reduces limestone essentially and over over thousands of years that is all recent all see is how they fold huge limestone deposits these old made up on structures after it's all under the size of the pen. and they've done that and the
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old exhibits get a little silver space so that's that's the big box effect of about three. feet. but i think i. might be ok i there's no need to go up into space to see the great barrier reef in all its grandeur to enjoy them in. a helicopter trip reveals the astonishing feat accomplished by these tiny creatures. i didn't realize. i think. everybody.
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the great barrier reef is just ten thousand years old where there is now shimmering turquoise water there used to be dry dusty land a glorious sight but exceptionally powerful cyclers have done devastating damage to the corals last year researchers also reported coral bleaching on a scale that has never been seen before. for the past two summers we didn't have. the moral high that average water temperature does which basically means that that's some of the cold fronts of protestantism and what happens is. the dies it and that's the color has been now it's the algae dies of the polyps can actually live off you know.
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this that's why it's. you know we're going to get pretty stressed stuff and it's and that's one of each of us that has have an interest they're not about cost us or something. but it's it's it's like if you're a farmer you know one bad season and you fall well. as continue to be the top talent. and i think times are things if we can be is a mystery and if that something changes things i do believe in the kinds of things and little lawyering kal-l. that it is that kind of a nice day out of that it turns out right now and that's coming. so nothing much to worry about then. for the tourism industry the barrier reef is a major asset business depends on the splendor of the underwater world so news of climate change. global warming is unwelcome
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a nightmare in fact it threatens revenues and profits. here in the far north the finest reefs remain intact the sea floor falls away steeply and the water is still cool enough. elsewhere half of all the coral reefs are now dead. australians have traditionally felt a deep connection to their country and the natural environment along the coast kilometer after kilometer of sugar cane plantations. in the distance the sugar mill chimney belches smoke the air over the fields is heavy with the scent of cattle now. fifty years ago australia was still a land of farmers ranchers and cowboys known here as stockman but livestock
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farming never generated enough jobs or in. townsville a smallish city on the pacific coast it has long been waiting for the future to happen but now its hopes are pinned on indian coal giant adani townsville is the planned site of the biggest coal mine in the southern hemisphere adani has promised ten thousand new jobs. down the coast people are protesting airlie beach a place where the sun shines every day teachers doctors waiters ships captains everyone here lives from tourism the great barrier reef has made the town rich. in the marina i meet airlie beach is
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environmental activists the brave people battling the superior forces of the coal lobby they firmly believe that coal and coral don't mix. you know it comes to go into the mining industry it's not a stable industry i grew up in the mining industry it's not building if you pump up towns and not use your hands on and you're left with the guys town that is what this means it's an eighteenth century solution to a twenty first century climate change is happening and people the plot achieved it mother nature takes things out has really got to be to spin it dispensed and we have to fight it out. there or lindsay has even been to india to protest against the proposed mining operation it is showing signs of recovery but if we have a building this mine or adani is building this mine with a culture mill i think four thousand ships out there how is that going to possibly
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benefit the world queensland tourism operators and kids who have an expectation they can see the same beauty that we see every day. the great barrier reef also has an economic value sixty four thousand jobs depend on most of them in taurus. you can get an indication of the sheer scale of the cold industries plans from the air one of the world's biggest coal ports is under construction it's purpose to ship coal to energy hungry india and china. just a stone's throw from the coral gardens of the great barrier reef cold of all things a climb killer.
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the effects of climate change are clearly visible along the coast. half a year ago the area was struck by a tropical cycle so i clone did a great deal of damage in just one night. a taste of what's to come. one day be it was my sixth song number six to me and it was not like any star and we have ever had before we had more than twenty four hours of cycling it just went on and on and on and it was the length and strength of this storm that created so much damage and damage the reef so much because the reef doesn't have the resilience for that it's not too
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late for the great barrier we can save it we can ensure future generations have the same opportunity to enjoy it but only if we x. we for and their governments. as the sun sets over port douglas all's right with the world for campers keith and helen the grey nomads are having a dinner party. and. they all know each other they come here every year. only the foreign tourists from europe mainly german they're not as numerous as usual. in that deterred by bad news about the grief perhaps. you'd like to get away that condition like a stock line that can really make. a lot of difference to what held everything somehow health wise we need to psychoanalyse to create cool with us to talk code
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right into the ocean to not get cooler. but in a cycling can create some damage so it's hard to say these things are there what's happening in the world but it's happening i want to see it isn't it can make small or big changes to bring in a very large what. is the reason dying we're not to find out how the corals are really fairing we need to take to the air again and fly to the heart of the great barrier reef. the great barrier reef is stunningly beautiful both underwater and from the air after a ninety minute flight lizard island looms into view. they
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have been studying the underwater world of the great barrier reef on lizard island for decades scientists and students come here every year from all over the world the beach the waves the water the reef lizard island is perhaps the most beautiful classroom in the world. dr anne hogg has lived on lizard island for twenty seven years along with the rest of her family she knows the barrier reef better than anyone else on the planet and she's very worried it's devastating it's not right absolutely right this has been some enormous changes and most of them a good in very recent time. we've seen crown of thorns stuff the right goes through
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and the stuff the state the forums in the film the corals but on both those occasions that the corals have come back very quickly so it's sort of a new thing but in the last four years we've had two major cyclons and two coral bleaching at the site and those that really do anything that's going to take the ferry. they come. and and her husband lyle live a picture perfect existence their son alex came to the island when he was four he grew up on its beaches and learned to dive in the blue lagoon. for all three of them the reef is not just an object of study more than anything it's home if we don't start dropping the temperature will very soon that the whole reason they just can't keep up with the level that it had lost tedious it's just too much to believe in and we're not yet moving in the right direction well it is
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still going to get warmer we're not even close to study deeply. we need to get leading really quickly. two years ago the world around lizard island was still intact the blue lagoon a place of pristine beauty but then the weather changed no waves no win just sun burning down relentlessly like a deadly mix for corals they started to die in the warm water. if using this kind. but to measure the columns of the car that is bleached green the brown car. and orange ground are also not down but i'm actually not expecting to see very many life forms at all i don't hold enough against the current competent seek me out against my heart and it won't be to me live.
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from. it. and descends into the lagoon a world devoid of color the researcher is diving through an underwater graveyard a tragic site. there is little sign of life on the ocean bed all of the corals here died within two months.
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and the lyall are in no doubt the coral bleaching is due to climate change. here at the research station scientists study the remains of the rich underwater world. and some of its troublemakers. this is a coral eating crown of thorns starfish very spiky don't want it. to. each face fines they vary shop and they have a toxin this is a little crown of the insanity people on is like the this is the underneath side of the animal and you can see it in the middle is the mouth. on the car. there is the force that increasing nutrients in the water may be making these outbreaks lutes because putting agricultural chemicals flushing down the rivers
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into the reef that also fertilizes the sea instead of the microscopic plant plankton that lives in the water that is the food of the baby conference stuff that the pets find that allies in the sea making a play to stop these. one hundred research projects a year are conducted here by more than three hundred fifty researchers and students in lizard islands aqua lab they're looking for answers to climate change because corals are not the only animals dying fish and can start to go quite crazy newfie normally you know they're very good at finding their way home from the sun they get lost they come finding life on fish normally if you give an experiment where you put water into wine may and given the choice between moving it's coming from the want and water that is had a predator fish in it normally they will avoid the predator in high esteem one time
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i swim towards the predator. and evening lecture at the station there was a great deal of interest in anne's research audiences come from all over the world only the australian government gives too little credence to her research findings. and takes me on another boat trip life is returning in one small bag and she wants to show it to me. the corals here are growing again and the fish are slowly returning. home.
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for all the concern over the reef and as an important message it is not too late the reef can recover the great barrier reef can still be saved. if we are just really being misled us to to lose they simply don't have to illusion to be able to take it and if people are able to get out and see everything you can see it soon come and have a taste of what it's like because some if i don't here indicates something. keith and helen are enjoying every minute of their holiday by the great barrier reef. a bike ride through paradise.
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everyone here in queensland is so passionate when they talk about the reef the activists and researchers who fear the worst the tour operators who brave about its immaculate beauty. the holiday makers like keith and helen. the paul robinson novels portals and walls although it's all levels if you will as long as we keep at. the back of a we've already bought one of the books that makes him all forty or forty get in more than. one of the wonders of the world an overwhelmingly beautiful natural treasure to be cherished
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and nurture if we start now the great barrier reef can still be saved. you this week's highlights. seeking thrills the fish no mountain biker the finale. for. some to tear up and be abandoned villages of its own. seeking style although they say the habs becomes a hot new fashion accessory. your robot next coffee w.
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. the race to decipher the human brain has become a living neurosurgeon interests are working to reconstruct this mysterious neural complex. cuts of the current fiscal transfer an awareness of immortality within. but at what cost. brain factory five minutes on d. w. . me when i was young i dreamed about changing the world. when i was a woman in egypt things turned out differently. forced marriage genital mutilation humiliation. no one else at all we rebelled i used the written word to stand up for women's rights. as i travel to the places where i lived as
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a child i'm filled with anger at the past. you know while it also dealt with the free voice of egypt starting april eighth on t w . hi there and warm welcome to our highlights edition the best of european culture and lifestyle as it shaped up this past week with the following top stories.

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