tv Arts.21 - Cult cinema and women in Saudi Arabia Deutsche Welle March 25, 2018 7:30pm-8:01pm CEST
a never ending construction site. for tourists. to visit cologne cathedral joined us as we explore the history of this imposing house of worship. cologne cathedral starting march twenty ninth on g.w. . hello and welcome to twenty one. coming up on the show. today we get fascinating new perspectives on the lives of saudi arabia and when it. find out how one artist is challenging the internet giants. to meet a younger set designer from the philippines conjuring up the fantasy worlds. but first fifty years ago stanley kubrick made cinematic history with two thousand and one a space odyssey the groundbreaking science fiction film is still called today.
it was a stroke of genius. an evolutionary leap of four million years from eight man to space travel kubrick showed it in a single culture half a century ago he said the space ship discovery on a mission to jupiter the german film is a man from further is now celebrating the film that reinvented the science fiction genre from the norm of sight cannot base pairs realize that the film is one of a kind. and that in many aspects it can't be repeated if you're an aspect of it is influence not only filmmakers but also graphic artists and designers product designers as well and all. when kubrick began putting the film together in the mid one nine hundred sixty s. americans. and saviors who are vying to be the first to reach the moon. to develop
a visionary believable set design nasa experts who have worked with rocket pioneer verma from power on. the front foot show shows how meticulously every technical detail is planned. space historian p.s.p. certainly has written a book about the making of the film. he brought in all these other people who are not normally associated with movies big corporations so you had product placement for the first time in movie history i.b.m. honeywell all of these companies whose products were just jumping in that pan. and in return for this gentle advertising they gave could make a lot of advice about technology. this futuristic watch from a luxury brand hamilton went on sale as the film opened and only a few original props are preserved cooper it destroys most of them. this is a replica of the model of the famous centrifuge a hamster wheel wayne forty tons and twelve meters in diameter. filming with so
complicated that it took several days to shoot just a few seconds. long since with the galaxy the spacings were created with elaborate animation by hand without computer technology. you know when you think it's some models it's wooden glue and string and nothing shows it's. just a testament to how careful he was and god knows how many there are many. sort of takes they took one of the model shots because obviously the special effects ticker time. more than one hundred people worked on the special effects alone kubrick spent four years making the film at london's m.g.m. studios going way over his budget and schedule. with his teen. created image it's
like none before. so there was a very open kind of art school atmosphere let's see let's try there was no oh we can't do that it's you know that was a red rag to stan that you can't say oh we can't do that it's for why not why can't you let's try it so everybody was able to be as a maginnis even as crazy as a wacky because there were no wrong on says kubrick wrote the screenplay with saif i met and arthur c. clarke the goal was to create the definitive science fiction film printing the question of extraterrestrial life and artificial intelligence that spirals out of control in the form of the onboard computer held. it in the puppet doors oh. i'm sorry. i'm afraid i can't do that. the computer becomes the enemy thanks to bad
programming the problem how it has to be switched off and becomes the true tragic figure of the film it's one of the many scenes that made movie history jeopardising . so fielitz my mind is going. so. it's. it's two thousand and one a space odyssey one kubrick has only oscar in one nine hundred sixty nine the year of the moon landing. but for the film special facts not for his courage to break with the conventions of narrative cinema and to send the audience on a journey into the unknown. it's really a philosophical film it's not really a science fiction i call it much more philosophical film and it is so fred. yes
because it doesn't contain in its essence anything that can be outdated because we are as ignorant now as we were fifty years ago about the miracles of the universe. whether we come from where we going. to stanley kubrick's two thousand i'm on the space odyssey office now on says only stunning images the journey continues. thanks silk is under investigation over its handling of the data millions of users pallette cheerio subversive are it reveals the dangers of online surveillance. pano cheerio usually works in secret the artist intends to show through his work count public our private lives our thanks to the internet. cafe see
spray painting here belongs to a former head of the f.b.i. james komi. just found the private photos are very behind cia and n.s.a. members on social media. and so i face the picture it's all over the c.t.'s. but really any new york. and so in this case you know i talk about. accountability these are powerful people that actually are there like the waning hours. entirely and has lived and worked in new york but almost ten years to develop series ideas in the studio on manhattan's lower east side cheerio searches for the pitfalls of the digital world. the brave new world where the big internet multinationals collect our every click on the net
to turn them into money and to make us all more transparent and we want it or not. the internet there are different situations that are way more. powerful and they also we also like way more personally in a way so that affect you very directly for some because they can target you is called bunnies facebook foreign source or twitter or any other company we target you as you indeed need to also they know you yourselves google street view pixelate everyone's face with the aim of making the man recognizable even so many can be identified by his street ghosts campaign paolo cheerio printed full size images of people from google street view and place them exactly where they were photographed the reaction outrage. during question what is public and
what is private this notional servility blurred today and we are all confused and in this confusion this gray area though there are be companies facebook as google and so on they take advantage in the become more nor paul is by. not taking all the information that we. we don't care about and they start to commercialize it. it's impossible to escape the internet and the vast power of the digital world but we should be more aware of where the risks lie and of how we handle our own data we need rules that apply well white that means thinking beyond national borders. the internet then is like breaking boundaries and borders and that's why we more globalized world that is kind of gud you know i think i am not against it
and so i think all saw the end of nation can be an opportunity to some degree half an hour paolo cheerio has made it his mission to warn us about the dangers of the digital world. belinelli talents is a networking platform for young filmmakers we speak to them about their hopes and dreams in a new series a passion for film. production design us having to create worlds like every little bit of it. from the
details to the general principle of the universe. oh my name is a new i'm from the philippines and i'm a practicing artist and i also do production design. i've always been interested in these fantasy worlds and growing up in the south of the food beans where i'm from we had this whole mythology of catholicism kind of just. constantly being presented to us and at the same time i was fascinated with local superstition which you know my grandmother would originally tell me about you know local monsters and spirits.
i wanted to kind of create my own mythology by overlapping all these different influences from religion to pop culture to all of the frustrations of living in a third world country it's very common in the urban landscape for you know filipino reuse a lot of materials. and transform them into like hand crafted sculptural pieces i mean we were not trained to throw away stuff just like that i love experimenting with what the world already has to offer instead of like making something from scratch.
so i mean my collaborators have always you know problematize the avenues of presenting art and let that lead me to realize that inanimate objects that i started doing as trained sculptor were not enough anymore so they had to be like lived in the objects should be war and not just like look bad you know they really needed to be performed by.
at the winds of change blowing in saudi arabia new documentary film shows the battle of saudi with. then for more rights from their perspective. the race itself was. and their worldly it was this crazy outer body drive. a silent revolution this film from saudi arabia tells the story of women women who have succeeded in breaking out of their roles as mothers daughters and wives in one of the world's most conservative muslim countries. it took us at least sixty five years to realize that the larder is not for big women not only from voting but also from running and getting appointed in the board of directors. with a last minute call and now i am at it there towards the. end berlin
we meet the film's creators down the aisle hirani and danny and. ten years ago they founded the company egg dancer productions in saudi arabia without a male guardian that was almost unthinkable now they have high hopes of the reforms in saudi arabia especially the lifting of the ban on cinemas. this is five years the finances that have gone into this film so the idea that we might be able to get our film supported in the future that to us is one of the most exciting things when it comes to change. i was almost. to have a choice and we started to have that song very hopeful and very happy and saw the choice of driving like even if she doesn't want to drive our.
vision twenty thirty women in saudi arabia have been encouraged by crown prince mohammed bin salman's program of reforms the prince says he wants to diversify the economy away from its dependence on oil they're also mean strengthening the role of women they're needed as workers and consumers. the prince has also announced that women will not necessarily have to cover their head in face and from june women will be allowed to drive the one in his transformation of saudi society chiefly seeks to win over the younger generation. so now to actually be given opportunities to do other things whether it's cinema or concerts or theater is very promising and people are loving it they're so excited about it and all the events are always sold out so i think it's great that instead of all of the people leaving the country to find entertainment that they can see it within their own country
that was impossible in the past ten years ago we wanted to meet saudi arabia's first female filmmaker high finance word but we were not allowed to enter the country i first had to cross the border into the more liberal neighbor bahrain only then could she take off her veil and drive a car. she was just beginning her career having just completed a documentary on women in saudi arabia but her big dream was a feature film the first saudi arabian movie. five years later. one drive to an international cinemas. conference i was. activities. i found months were made the impossible possible hiding from the saudi islamic morality police she filmed the story of
a girl who only wants one thing bicycle something forbidden to girls. in the film watched always manages to resist the strict rules in the end a small victory a parable about the struggle of girls and women in the ultra conservative country and an international success a silent revolution aims to build on that it had its world premiere in berlin in the presence of danny on her money and danny and naseer very misty picked women's quiet day to day battle for more rights and showing what has already been achieved in saudi arabia since the nineteenth sixty's. we were really warriors we would open in the road the roads are open now and it's up to young people to take the ones they want it's not about seeing a big impact of a sudden change the idea is that change has been happening so gradually and we're
moving in a certain direction and sometimes when it happens lonely you don't feel the need it impact you know so. definitely with more than seventy five percent of our population being under the age of twenty five. there has to be yes if the. gender roles are only changing slowly the filmmakers want the abolition of male guardianship their film shows strong women but without questioning the role of islam in saudi arabia it takes small steps towards openness that may one day bring great changes. iraqi born writer now jim wally takes a more skeptical look at the saudi kingdom in his latest novel the female protagonist rebels against male hypocrisy. this girl is special that's what her parents feel from the very first moment they name her sorrow the
happy one she has an independent spirit something she pays for daily and conservative saudi arabia novelist not her money who lives in germany wrote the story of sarah's life. at the start i felt how strong the women are and how they crave freedom and that is the contradiction in saudi arabia if or when a change comes it comes from women. in the end. of. the novel begins in one thousand nine hundred when the iraq iran war broke out and the u.s. set up bases in saudi arabia. the protagonist family is divided into liberals like a father who makes a fortune supplying us troops and for the just radicals like an uncle who supports the morality police.
sirens at school when she first encounters an official from the committee for the prevention of sonny's he comes to speak to her class he tells the girls they will burn in hell and that the bodies will be roasted on spits. explodes. then she is accused of being possessed by the devil. you so it's figures it's out there i was saudi society generally is conservative fanaticism is taught in school because the official wahhabi ideology is a very strict and conservative strain of his luck. but i think they're saying that al qaeda bin ladden and i am all relate to one hub ism then you realize what this ideology is. and that this wants taught in school. just last month in the. one he based his novel on stories he was told when he visited saudi arabia in
two thousand and ten he was invited by the german consulate to give some readings there were only men in the room. the women had to watch via video transmission in a different room. but not you molly was able to meet them afterwards and they told him about their lives. this have a three legged system i heard many stories from these women of course i heard many stories my sorrow is the some of these stories this is the zuma if you ask me what did it mean for me i would say the answer is in my not. the un vote as my women will now have a voice because of the novel this in their own money as if there are when i left him that. morning mainly lives in berlin. in his book sarah is subjected to violence and comes to the conclusion that she has to leave. she enters a marriage of convenience and goes to london. the rich father finances the couple's
luxurious lifestyle until nine eleven. the two become suspects after the attack on the world trade center we have gotten often observed that we often end up in absurd situation unless you're laugh if i tell you that. people thought i was a sleeper agent back then. yeah just so absurd it doesn't matter the you might look modern or liberal. or the. more down. the little china region hold up and nine i'll give whatever you do. or mine will more than that. but something is changing in saudi arabia in two thousand and eighteen. women will soon be allowed to drive again. and they won't have to cover themselves completely. does this mean that women will no longer have to fight for their rights. molly is skeptical. if arrested this month i would want people
to talk more about the situation of women with these debts party countries. in this would she lend them to god i would want there to be more talk about saudi arabia without reference to economic interests and arms and sports fort hood misted this month. but in the planet today it's about freedom democracy and human rights i want saudi arabia to be silent and the congress. will sarra benefit from the changes in saudi arabia. not in this novel. while you remain suspicious about the motives behind saudi arabia's reform drive. that's all for this week from our twenty one next time we'll be showcasing iranian born artist filmmaker and photographer misha at home in both the muslim and the
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this is news from berlin. separatist leader is arrested in germany thousands of protesters take to the streets of the capital. and now confronted by security forces the tension comes up to someone was detained by german police on a european arrest warrant after he entered the country. and during the congo routes in the single the first direct commercial flight between australia and europe touches down in london now.