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tv   Doc Film - Australia - Great Barrier Reef at Risk  Deutsche Welle  March 26, 2018 9:30am-10:00am CEST

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isn't it time for good news eco and africa people and projects that are changing our environment for the better it's up to us to make a difference let's inspire each other. people and the environment magazine. along d.w. . keith and helen from melbourne have almost reached their dream destination. the couple have been on the road for three weeks driving from the cold south of australia to the tropical north. company and everybody has got to see a box at least once. by the east side. of the ship. or
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like the if that's if they. keep in helen are here to see what others have already declared dead a natural wonder the great barrier reef. here in australia they're known as grey nomads retiree's like keith and helen who swap their home for a caravan for a couple of months to escape winter they make this trip every year three thousand six hundred kilometers from melbourne. to port douglas. degree during that di
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pierro if. i didn't know it going to be twenty different every day i am we can draw it but on a beautiful day three didn't know i'm up here in a week to get there and. well that wouldn't change a thing. keith and helen got married here at the great barrier reef it was the beginning of a lifelong bond. the reef is a magical place two thousand three hundred kilometers long three thousand separate coral reefs a unique habitat. and port douglas this is where the big tourist boats set off. everyone wants to see the reef it's an unforgettable experience.
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nearly five hundred coral hungry vacationers stream aboard the great barrier reef tour boat. it has rained solidly for the last two weeks now on the first sunny day the boat is full. of. keith and helen are also on board looking forward to some snorkeling among the corals. but it's just you know nothing at all it's just a lot and even if you've been to add on to the pool it's still beautiful to do it again yeah it's just something i haven't done to eat. i have been up this before i
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have been fair that day and say. that death to be very interesting interesting to see him would. have hoped and am so sad all. over the great barrier reef is australia's biggest and most breathtaking tourist attraction it's coral reefs and draw more than two million tourists a year to australia is northeast coast go to nick reef along with him but he's been doing not it makes the home. kids and helen squeeze into their dive suits. as long as the great barrier reef is still there the tourism industry is determined to make the most of the attraction it's a big money spinner the trip to the snorkeling platform took an hour and a half to keep. on. going on. just a few signals like us ok ok just to say you know and i noticed was the lockouts
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goes to lockhart's heaven that you have a trouble it's just like this where the stresses. of. this. city and lack of a catholic getting at. the top of. the water is teeming with life and every creature has its place keith and helen are not the only visitors who come from a long way away. see snakes turtles mantas dolphins sharks and even whales called by. sea. all life here depends on one tiny organism the corals that form these fantastic structures. corals provide a nursery for fish
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a sheltered environment for spawning and for juveniles to mature this is where fledgling fish set off into the vast expanses of the ocean and that is why corals are so important for marine life. there to. the great barrier reef is the world's most spectacular coral reef complex says dive master jesse overholser coral produces limestone essentially and over the thousands of years that is all our recent i'll see is how they fold huge limestone deposits these are all made up on structures after it's own under the size of a pen. and they don't look at the old it's good if you can see it from space
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so that's that's the big rock sector about three. i mean. the summit of the helicopter. i believe. there's no need to go up into space to see the great barrier reef in all its grandeur to enjoy them in. a helicopter trip reveals the astonishing feat accomplished by these tiny creatures. i didn't know and. i think. everybody in. the great barrier. he is just ten thousand years old where there is now shimmering
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turquoise water there used to be dry dusty land a glorious sight but the exceptionally powerful cyclers have done devastating damage to the corals last year researchers also reported coral bleaching on a scale that has never been seen before. in the past two summers we did have. a moral high than average water temperatures which basically means that some of the cold consequence of this season and what happens is is. he dies and that's the color has from now on it's yeah he dies in the car oh palos can actually live it off you know. this that's why it's. yeah i'm going to get really stressed stuff and it's and that's
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when the beach you know it has happened again up and down because there's something else. but it's it's it's like if you're farming you know one bad season in the fall well. it has to be i tell you that i think ten thousand things every day is a mystery and if that something changes things i do believe and it has been and the plot really callous that it is that kind of a nice day out is that it turns out right now and it does come back. so nothing much to worry about then. for the tourism industry the barrier reef is a major asset business depends on the splendor of the underwater world so news of climate change and global warming is unwelcome a nightmare in fact it's. etan's revenues and profits.
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here in the far north the finest reefs remain intact the sea floor falls away steeply and the water is still cool enough. elsewhere half of all the coral reefs are now dead. australians have traditionally felt a deep connection to their country and the natural environment along the coast kilometer after kilometer of sugar cane plantations. in the distance the sugar mill chimney belches smoke the air over the fields is heavy with the scent of caramel. fifty years ago australia was still a land of farmers ranchers and cowboys known here as stockman but livestock farming never generated enough jobs or income.
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townsville a smallish city on the pacific coast it has long been waiting for the future to happen but now its hopes are pinned on indian coal giant adani townsville is the planned site of the biggest coal mine in the southern hemisphere adani has promised ten thousand new jobs. down the coast people are protesting airlie beach a place where the sun shines every day teachers doctors waiters ships captains everyone here lives from tourism the great barrier reef has made the town rich. in the marina i meet airlie beach is environmental act. that's the brave people battling the superior forces of the cold
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they firmly believe that coal and coral don't mix. jobs go into the mining industry is not a stable industry wide i grew up in the mining industry and it's not building communities to fill up the towns and that you should resign and you're left with the guys town that is like this instead it's an eighteenth century solution to a twenty first century climate change is happening and people the planet shoot that mother nature fix things up has really got to be to spin it dispensed with and we have to fight this out. but there are lindsey has even been to india to protest against the proposed mining operation it is showing signs of recovery but if we have building this mine or adanis building this mine with a culture mill i think four thousand ships out there how is that going to possibly benefit the world queensland tourism operators and kids who have an expectation
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they can see the same beauty that we see every day that's. the great barrier reef also has an economic value sixty four thousand jobs depend on most of them in taurus. you can get an indication of the sheer scale of the cold industries plans from the air one of the world's biggest cold ports is under construction it's purpose to ship coal to energy hungry india and china. just a stone's throw from the coral gardens of the great barrier reef cold of all things a climb killer.
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the effects of climate change are clearly visible along the coast. half a year ago the area was struck by a tropical cycle so i clone debby did a great deal of damage in just one night. a taste of what's to come. when dave it was my sixth thought clone saga number six for me and it was not like any star can we have ever had before we had more than twenty four hours of cycling it just went on and on and on and it was the length and strength of this storm that created so much damage and damage the reef so much because the reef doesn't have the resilience for that it's not too late for the great barrier if we can save it we can ensure future generations have
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the same opportunity to enjoy it but only if we x. we for them and their governments are not doing. as the sun sets over port douglas all's right with the world for campers heath and health the grey nomads are having a dinner party. and. they all know each other they come here every year only the foreign tourists from europe mainly germany they're not as numerous as usual. to be deterred by bad news about the reef perhaps. you'd like to get away with a condition like a start line in really making. a lot of difference to what health everything is how health wise we need to psychoanalyse to create cooler weather to draw cold rain into the ocean to make it cool up. by. i mean i saw planking we had some damage so
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it's hard to say. what's happening in the world but it's happening i want to see it is that it can make big changes to every you know very often what. is the reach dying we're not to find out how the corals are really fairing we need to take to the air again and fly to the heart of the great barrier reef. the great barrier reef is stunningly beautiful both underwater and from the air after a ninety minute flight lizard island looms into view. they
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have been studying the underwater world of the great barrier reef on lizard island for decades scientists and students come here every year from all over the world the beach the waves the water the reef lizard island is perhaps the most beautiful classroom in the world. dr and hoggett has lived on lizard island for twenty seven years along with the rest of her family she knows the barrier reef better than anyone else on the planet and she's very worried it's devastating it's not right and i think it's been some enormous changes and most of them a good in very recent time. we've seen crown of thorns stuff being out right through and the stuff is in the poems and they killed the corals but on both us.
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patients that the corals have come back very quickly so it's sort of a they but in the last four years we have had two major cyclons and two coral bleaching is the so and those that really do anything that's going to take the ferry will become. and and her husband lyle live a picture perfect existence their son alex came to the island when he was four he grew up on its beaches and learned to dive in the blue lagoon. for all three of them the reef is not just an object of study more than anything it's home if we don't start dropping the temperature up we will very soon hit it whole reason they just can't keep up with the level of being big headed monster feeds it's just too much to begin with and we're not yet moving in the right direction the wind is still going to get warm we're not even close to study deeply
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. we need to get leading really quickly. two years ago the world around lizard island was still intact the blue lagoon a place of pristine beauty but then the weather changed no waves no wind just sun burning down relentlessly like a deadly mix for corals they started to die in the warm water. is using this to measure the color of the farm that is bleached carl green the brown current. and orange ground are also not down but i was. actually not expecting to see very many live corals at all i don't hold enough against good cards to come to see the new kids that live coral it would be to me a lot. of. money.
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and descends into the lagoon a world devoid of color the researcher is diving through an underwater graveyard a tragic site. there is little sign of life on the ocean bed all of the corals here died within two months. and a lot are in no doubt that coral bleaching is due to climate change. here
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at the research station scientists study the remains of the rich underwater world. and some of its troublemakers. this is a coral eating crown of thorns starfish very spiky don't want to. touch a spines they are very sharp and they have a toxin this is a little crown of. the pot it's like the this is the underneath side of the animal and you can see it in the middle is the mouth. on the heart. there is the full that increasing nutrients in the full time maybe making these outbreaks live because like putting you know agricultural chemicals washing down released into the reef and also fertilizers. see instead of microscopic plankton
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lives in the water that is the food of the baby. that the head i put it lies in the sea we live in the baby stuff it's. one hundred research projects a year are conducted here by more than three hundred fifty researchers and students in lizard islands aqua lab they're looking for answers to climate change because corals are not the only animals dying the second step to go like crazy then we normally know they're very good at finding their way honey all the sudden they get lost they can't find it like. fish normally if you give an experiment leaf water into wine they say and given the choice between the that it's coming from. and what it is had a credit to it normally they will avoid the credits in highness if you want to thank them to the credit. and evening lecture at the station there
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was a great deal of interest in ann's research audiences come from all over the world only the australian government gives too little credence to her research findings on land. and takes me on another boat trip life is returning in one small base and she wants to show it to me. the corals here are growing again and the fish are slowly returning. for all the concern over the reef has an important message. it is not too late the
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reef can recover the great barrier reef can still be saved. you know just maybe miss the bus to to do this they simply don't have to do anything to be able to overtake that and if people are able to get out and see everything you can see it's it can have a taste of what it's like to close down if i don't hear indicates that. keith and helen are enjoying every minute of their holiday by the great barrier reef. a bike ride through paradise. everyone here in queensland
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is so passionate when they talk about the reef the activists and researchers who fear the worst the tour operators who brave about its immaculate beauty. the holiday makers like keith and helen. all of the paul hamilton novels orders a balls of it it's all a myth if you will as long as waking up for the betterment of the forty five minutes it would make. for all the dead and more than. one of the blunders of the world and overwhelmingly beautiful natural treasure to be cherished and nurture if we start now the great barrier reef can still be saved
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. you'll.
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this is v.w. news. german court is set to decide the next. most wanted man protesters take their outrage to the streets in barcelona as separatist leader carlos pushed him on since any german jail cell authorities are deciding whether to hand him over to madrid also coming up.

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