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tv   Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  March 30, 2018 10:30am-11:01am CEST

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on dot com. underwater on the ground on the streets and in the air this episode of africa brings you new ideas in mr tubes from people across the continent who are committed
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to them vironment welcome to the show my name is sharon the money from my roby kenya and joining me is my colleague mel from nigeria. hi sal and thank you for inviting me in the next half of there about we will be presenting our latest edition of africa brought to you by channels t.v. and katie here and here is what will be coming up on the show today. a sperm bank kohl's yes indeed using fabric technology that's what scientists in durban have set up to protect biodiversity on the reef. and the new use for waste both of our german microbiologist mexico guess what from milk. and we need i think people are organic a technology we can one of the few hybrid car owners in lagos nigeria. scientists say that coal reserves in south africa seem to be more resilient to climate change
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than we've seen other regions but why assume of mine biologists in durban is researching the complex dynamics of coral production and protection to do so they have set up a coal sperm bank using cyber technology the ultimate purpose of their project protect the biodiversity of the let's stick. this is how good or screw produce and spread for hundreds of millions of years they've been building pushing reefs and ensuring their own survival. in dublin marine biologists collecting these six else called. to study that you need to potential most living room to the cool waters. in this part of the ocean natural selection has lived only species that can cope with the rough when lesions found in
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the seas around south africa so that's a lot of our researchers is trying to figure out. what is the genetic basis of all existing for susceptibility to our race all connected on a genetic level how how what sort of movement of logging and trail of getting and. how does that inform our. plans to protect. our reefs out of a virus because systems that produce an important habitat and breeding ground for fish and other marine species in the last few years global warming has ghost good reefs to bleach and die around the wild. animals that live in symbiosis with an alligator. when ocean temperatures get too warm this relationship breaks down the algae and it's paled tunning the coral white and effectively studied like here
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in the sea shells the reefs in south africa have mostly been spared at least so far dr pearson and his colleagues believe that's down to a unity disposition that makes them less vulnerable to change in the environment. environment is very turbulent and therefore the water mixing is very good so you don't get a layer of water. sitting at the surface and i think the shallow water corals added to this the are called seem to be a bit deeper the tropical waves grow to the surface so this this all assists the corals to cope better with with global warming climate change and coral bleaching just as important as the special environmental conditions in south africa district protection of the countries not eastern coastline the hope is that this area might provide a breeding lift for a course that can survive in woman to people regions. here to be done in the monger
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lisa whitman park jims who is in charge of marine protection. one of the thinking man's father scientific research and that is possible they. are corals in south africa is wrong and he said it could actually benefit archival warming because as the. water temperatures rise in to. try to area for the coral stick stand for the south. but what temperatures and the only factor affecting could all reefs and other major problem in ocean spall over the world is marine pollution in dublin one man is thinking ahead. to get that with colleagues from around the world dr peter is working on kyle preserving coral games . for him. an insurance policy for biodiversity if worst comes to last what's called under such immediate threat. we mean me on ways to preserve.
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the diversity i have. the situation is inside and many here is. we have a. solution like. it's a race against time experts say around half of the planet's coral reefs could die by twenty fifty taking with them much of the diversity and beauty in the wild beneath the waves. and now let's move from the waters of the indian ocean to the german forest these ecosystems are called the green lungs of our planet just how much of forests will be left in the future will depend so a large extent on our children. you hit the nail on the head it's worth teaching them to appreciate it's value in gemini a group of volunteers have joined forces and founded an organization aimed at nurin
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kids away from that smartphones and into the woods to explore all play and get as they like sounds like fun. a message to young conservationists play in the forest and preserve it. every year seventy thousand square kilometers of forest are lost well one. more children never get a chance to play in the woods. a german group called the lead of that swans to change that. initiative organizes nature trips for kids. they learn to make fine without a liter. and how to identify plants and follow animal spores. this
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footprint was left by wild. children should take the time to play around and get. children to get to now and have fun in the forest. they might appreciate it and protected later. you'd like them. if you are also doing your thing tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet. and doing your. share. one of the meds in zimbabwe is maize but want to come. especially valuable as specially under extreme weather conditions that is something that lots of african farmers are experiencing some communities in zimbabwe are now starting to
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switch to local that use their often had can make do with less rain and can withstand pests and agricultural research institute wants to set up a seed bank for this crops. northern zimbabwe's rivers have dried up due to a severe drought in the region. desperate villagers have dug holes along the dried out river beds to collect water to keep their gardens moist over eighty percent of the nation's farmers grow maize hard hit by the dry spell in this region much of the crop has already begun to wilt. helton and bosy is an agronomist with commie tech and in geo that seeks to improve the livelihoods of rural communities in the country he is convinced amaze monocultures calm provide food and seed security with this climate change now may is always fear is
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maybe five here is the plant maize where they grow me maybe they just get a decent deal once out of your place here he saw you. made a first step to the heat and the drought to stress she's caused by a claim which is. called me a check has helped establish the tree because community seed bank to promote the more drought and stress tolerant varieties of small grains like sorghum or chickpeas. dorothy to work on the coming to take a delivery of small grain which is expected to pay back in seed interest after harvest this internal boost the bank seed stock seeds are stored under cool and dry conditions and they can last for up to two years in a facility. like you know the good thing about to see bank is that it's monitored by different agricultural specialists in addition the seed bank is well secured it's different from keeping your seat within the confines
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of your household in a household set up your seed might be destroyed by fire or even sefton which. so far there are only a few places like aurora's biggest open market where small grain farmers can sell their products gradually awareness and attitudes are changing. sure not much to get compared with previous years things have changed demand is now very high among customers. as a result the price of a twenty kilogram unit of small grains is forty percent higher than that for maize . so that has prompted commie took to also create a local company where farmers can now supply their produce and in turn get paid. the seed bank in northern. district is already working with over forty villagers so for now we need to do. four miles away not to actually.
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pick up off the farmers so that they produce. when they are on there was. very expensive. for farmers in zimbabwe's drought stricken rule areas small grain seed banks are a welcome opportunity to move away from the high risks of maize farming they provide good security and cut costs for the farmers and their families so that. now let's talk about cars i mean in an ecological sense does anyone. take care of what those exhaust fumes are doing to our climate. of course there's a small community of hybrid car owners here in the city of lagos a hybrid vehicle has both an internal combustion engine i mean let it motor famous watch even greater fuel economy unless you have two emissions and unconventional cars those people are not only fascinated by the technical innovations but also
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want to contribute to protecting the environment league has almost two million conventional car you what you call hero this week it's training against the top. one who lives in lagos is familiar with this. allowed gridlock of rush hour in nigeria's commercial capital. every day viz geeking suggests is that we need to end and escalate global warming. where there's a solution to this problem and it was silent. for a start button of a hybrid car. like the one that belongs to a thirty five year old entrepreneur. the calderon's in both but still electric
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energy it's one of just a handful in nigeria basically from the battery or the engine and you have the convents i had to call vox the currents today seem to be stored inside a battery so in these modes my batteries some well charged. to hold alongside the passengers. so i see cassidy batteries discharge and a yellow arrow. showing that energy is going outside out on the battery park. saw the engine can also buy parts of the wheel i can't see supplying the parts of it will. do so because the latest one and patch are all decent both of which b.g. species the world bank says nigeria's quality is poor and a danger to public health most of those fields you look you see there's also things
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carbon monoxide now london runs his pockets full of all these things you know to show the extra ten days' work in the hopes engine in the sister. of a double is so. he's even become a mechanic of sorts. i started basically by. with my love for invites us and. renewable energy basically which was where i moved on through a hybrid vehicle and use then maintain us over twelve million hybrid vehicles have been sold worldwide but only a few of those have made their way to make us this small community has created a dedicated what's a group on the topic is one of its administrators support seen hybrid use us
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nationwide is not full is an awful forty feet boats fall for stalling probably just cells and give us so as an exchange information visit here we have a right to six members. apart from fixing his own car he also helps out with others like this twenty ten model. it's proving a bit difficult to fix and so i did a lot is made to the head of the what's approved to get some more old guys. ek a computer engineer has a surprise in store he just bought a twenty sixth in hybrid that he's happy to show off their vehicle bombs in a more efficient energy star device and leave them on battery. i developed both his hybrid second hand it cost two point five million around seven thousand dollars now that's about half a million four hundred dollars more than similar pecial pollard models. although
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there is still more expensive he hopes that someday soon all the cars and his just his road will be high grades or even fully electric. and now as promised a new development for an old proto male it's not just a healthy food it's becoming a resource for the textile industry that's because a protein in milk can be turned into organic fiber surprise it's a great way to use the waste put up some no production for one reason or the other i no longer fit for human consumption jungleland produces chilling million tons of waste milk i know only that could be turned into cloth see for yourself. cows give us milk no one ever expected them to influence the fashion world however but now the fashion world needs what they provide. here you can see milk hanging on a rock milk protein to be exact in dark blue black and gray the new material is
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soft almost like silk clothes made from milk protein produced and designed by scott who's also a microbiologist mendeleev this method you can smell that it's made from milk it's funny but the first thing people do is sniff it. and there's no way to know that it's made out of milk. it's very silky our fiber is made out of protein just like wool or silk and because the surface is so smooth it feels like silk. produces textile fibers made of waste milk which is not fit for human consumption it's an idea that could radically change the textile industry it all began in a kitchen. there muska a rookie microbiologist bought a supermarket blender a big killing thermometer and lots and lots of protein powder pro goal was to
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create a fiber that she could use to make clothes. that will start with the milk let it get sour and then it separates. the white flakes down here are the milk protein if you scoop it out you'll have curds and that dries into a protein powder and that's our raw material. no damascus is mass producing milk protein fibers the raw material is milk powder that's mixed with water and natural ingredients. that's made into a kind of dough which is pressed through the nozzles into a thread thinner than a human hair. fibers made of no protein have many advantages there hypoallergenic and have no traces of chemicals. they also turn waste milk into a resource and are easy to compost. and that i'm a. fiber breathes regulates temperature is antibacterial and non-flammable
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that makes it not only interesting for the textiles sector it's also interesting in technical terms for example you can make a foam out of it you can spray it you can turn it into for oil or nanomaterials it has unbelievable potential that we're just starting to discover. the breakthrough came in the first in world when some hollywood stars like the clothes made of milk do musk and had the idea to send those stars clothing designed especially for them a smart move. if the idea catches on these mill kills will be getting other assignments in the future like producing brought materials professional labels. hey sharon will you be the next to present a dress made out of milk potent fibers on our show it will be an awesome idea. of course and see as we always say good ideas walk everywhere and
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that suddenly holds for our next story is about a german ugandan joint project they have developed a method to tom maze spindles into briquettes a great way to make use of biomass waste they want to see people in uganda use less firewood and more of this natural briquettes for cooking and heating eco reporter went out to investigate. in dodgy universe seen century uganda provides mills to one thousand eight hundred students every day. and uses huge amounts of cooking wood in the process the university is looking to change that with the help of the german engineer outbred smit he's working with the energy research center to replace wood with most a synagogue we can't make from corn waste. the first new stuff is already in operation. it was
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a former fire wood stove and we adapted it to the breaker it's already planning to adopt another store for pre-k. through pre-k. and one by one will be replaced i think the university hates to radically reduce its root consumption uganda has a huge problem with the first ration every year ninety thousand hectares of forest are lost in the country much of the wood is used to cook food for most of the institutions talk about schools talk about prisons talk about the universities the use of it and a lot of for cooking and many of the fuel that is being used for cooking is the firewood where the trees are new no this is mont so thin the more so with that thinking can you be able to. play brick it on this edition of live or the universe to get from it seriously it's because it's from like you farm
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it to grow corn also known as maize we take the maize only the corpse we just throw in the goody oh yes d.v.d. they wrote. that he brings in these people came yeah christie giving us some money and they give they can pay their corpse. which. operates mates has translated the pharmacy collect the cards rather than throwing them away. the three large sacks each former a.c.c. equivalent of one u.s. dollar it's a welcome source of extra income for the small farmers who often struggle financially the cubs drive at a small factory then place in the company for two days turned them into charcoal their then mix with water and molded into briquettes these are left to draw in the sun for another five days then they're ready for use the factory produces
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a ton of crickets each week that's new when you're enough we cannot produce much more and we calculated to replace all the firewood of our university kitchen and the schools we provide with briquettes we need around four tons perique so we have to build another bigger carbonized. since starting to produce b. cats the university has massively cut back on if i would use that's not only helping to preserve the forests it's also saving reinstitution money and the idea is catching on a nearby school has now introduced a new technology albert smith is hoping the project will set a precedence nationwide and help stop the rapid disappearance of you can this forest. wow one thousand five hundred students with eco friendly measures because that's have to protect our
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forests for many more good ideas out there but you have to wait until next week before we tell you about some of them from our goodbye from a ceremony in nairobi kenya. by xan yes that's all for today but before we end the show we're like to ask you to send us your stories in april will be planning a special about extreme weather as a result of climate change extreme weather is on the rise mega storms heavy rainfall flooding cold snaps heat waves and drought all impacting ever more on us around the world who would like to know how these issues have affected you please send an e-mail to the e-mail address showing on the screen including text photos videos or even audio you can also post on tweet or facebook or instagram using the hash tag extreme weather stories please join us again next week for more
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eco africa and now it's goodbye from lagos. the be.
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odd. the because the stasi missed. the representative the big. architect of east germany's police state. submission if i had my way the beast germany would still be bloody and but you know the bush rebels stirred
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a fear of fifteen minutes on d w. chiefs obliques to abolish six isn't it time for good news. for a couple people and projects that are changing our lives are meant for the buck to us to make a difference. shut the be good. environment magazine. long d. w. . every journey begins with the first step and every line reaches the first word and wish to make a cohesive germany to learn german. physicist why not. in simple a minor role model and for
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a. w z learning course. mading see. if in you it's like those smug. secluded leaves come open so comfortable in bed then be old slim stick behind those big movies feed the phone zoom in they give football goes on oil. show comes on it didn't. post good to me yet. again the keeper just give it a little so the show you quote has a problem the next part because of please mom sit in close if you can dissipate. those. top guided by your kids play
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play play. play. play. play play play. play . this is good news coming to you live from. the bloodshed in yemen legal loopholes allow subsidiaries of german defense contractors to serve directly supply munitions and entire weapons factories to the saudi led coalition fighting in iraq or by contributing to what has been described as the world's worst humanitarian crisis. plus russia back in the west by ordering
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sixteen u.s. envoys to leave the country and shutting the u.s. consulate in st petersburg move comes.

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