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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  April 3, 2018 6:02am-6:31am CEST

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local t.v. news anchors say they were ordered to read from a script meant for trump t.v. tonight a declaration of dependence for america's mainstream media is the watchdog of the government's becoming a parrot of the president i'm off in berlin this is the day. this year by false news has become a call to comment on those who believe this state media is trying to silence us from some media outlets publish means saying fake stories without checking facts for i called the fake news the enemy of the people and they are extremely proud of the quality balance journalism that c.b.s. sports news produces but the fake media tried to stop us from going to the white house this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to
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our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely sick stream this is extremely dangerous streaming dangerous to our democracy turn democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy when i'm president and they're not. also coming up remembering her fight against apartheid and her struggles with matters of the heart south africa's winnie mandela has died. that is sometimes too much to be. moved that he. would like to keep two words. a we begin the day with donald trump of the mainstream media and that adage all politics is local the u.s. president continues to attack the media for pushing what he calls fake news and one sided reporting well tonight a video that has gone viral is sounding alarms over a white house that may be reaching into america's newsrooms via the corporate
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boardroom sinclair broadcasting group is known for its strong friendly stance it also owns more local t.v. stations than any other media company in the u.s. with almost two hundred stations it has tremendous power to influence public opinion local news anchors at sinclair stations from washington d.c. to lincoln nebraska say they were given the same script told it to read it and given their choice a promo spot casting doubt on their own journalism and indicting the mainstream media for peddling fake news now not one of the anchors refused to read the script according to the reports we have however many have said of record that they felt trapped like prisoners of war forced to record a message well here's a look at those acres and their shared message the video that has made us local news and international news story. i am fox an attorney is jessica hadley at all
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brian wolf our regular miss raphael appeal is just sort of our treasure valley communities deal past the lustrous communities eastern i would communities with michigan communities we are extremely proud of the quality balanced journalism that c.b.s. news produces but they are concerned i think there's going to be a very very you know very plaguing our country the sharing of biased and false news has become all too common on social media more alarming some media outlets publish the same fake stories without checking facts first the sharing of biased and false news has become a call to comment on those are the media more are going. to be pretty recently artillery with not sure the facts first unfortunately the members of congress either the there's nothing the source of their own for life in general control. or for you and this is really dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous
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to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy this is extremely dangerous to our democracy. well that is the message that we're certainly getting this evening and it's all about what it all means i'm joined now by bill silcock director of global initiatives at the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university and helen borders a journalist covering media and politics at the washington post to both of you gentlemen welcome to the day bill or let me start with you a huge corporation instructs the news anchors at its local stations to read
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a politically charged message now this sounds like something that happens in authoritarian regimes has there ever been anything similar in the history of t.v. news in the u.s. to what we're seeing right now not to my knowledge bret it's it's concerning it's alarming it's shocking in the video that you just shared says it all local news is really the bastion of democracy in america and when you see all of those local stations including one in boise idaho i was asked last week where my mom lives seeing this exact same thing displayed it's it's disheartening and it's more than that it's alarming and calendar covering this i mean correct me if i'm wrong did all of the news anchors at all of the sinclair stations that they consent and read this program of text. it's hard to say for sure there may have been someone who
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you know has privately refused to do it that we don't know about but what's more common is folks speaking out sort of in background conversations to other news outlets the thing i was really uncomfortable doing this i don't think it's what we ought to be doing but i felt like i had no choice i feared for my job and others may just wouldn't have made that bargain where they're thinking well this is something that reflects on a national political conversation but i believe we do good reporting on local stories and i guess i'll make that that bargain where i'm willing to read this in exchange for doing what i believe is good local journalism it's just a really terrible position for a lot of journalists to be in for sure and if there were any dell where the u.s. president stands take a look at what president trump tweeted earlier today he wrote so funny to watch fake news networks among the most dishonest groups of people i have ever dealt with criticize sinclair broadcasting for being biased sinclair is far superior to c.n.n. and even more think n.b.c.
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which is a total joke. maybe if you could explain to our viewers what exactly are these ties between the president and sinclair broadcast. well the probably most obvious one is that the chief political analyst for the sinclair broadcast group is a former trump aide named for a sap stein and so what you have at the same player stations and there's you know roughly two hundred of them scattered across the country you know they have local teams of journalists who cover their local stories but they also centrally produce some segments about national politics and they require the stations to run the same segments all over the country so whether you're in boise as you mentioned earlier you're here in washington or or some place else on your nightly newscast you might very well see a former trump advisor in boris epstein on your t.v. spinning whatever the day's events are in the president's favor and tell him our viewers do we know are they turned off by this i mean does it hurt the pocketbook
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of sinclair broadcast group well you know that's hard to say and i think one of the things that i was writing about this morning is that until this particular montage put together by deadspin really picked up traction over the weekend i think that a lot of local t.v. viewers are probably unaware of who owns the local station because keep in mind when you turn on your local news station doesn't say prominently this is a single air broadcast group station you know you just know it is local channel twenty five or forty seven or whatever and furthermore sinclair has affiliates with all of the major networks so it's not just the c.b.s. affiliates or the a.b.c. affiliates it's everybody it's n.b.c. affiliates it's fox affiliates so all of these stations appear to be kind of unique which is why as a viewer it might be hard to detect that what you're seeing on t.v. which by the way is being read to you by the local news anchor that you know and see every night on the news that it's actually part of
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a broader national effort and bill and when you look at this story and you look at t.v. news in general in the us i mean what would you say what is the state of t.v. news in the us tonight. oh it's it's going through a ripple effect i think the shock waves from this i'm glad that it's finally made it into the national conversation it's an old story it's been around at least a year but now i think it's getting some global attention thanks to organizations like that to bella but i think one of the things that's important and i think how is beginning to help us understand that local television news anchors in america are trusted even they can they touch their touchstones they're at the national park they're at the state fair there you see them at a parade so you really trust your local acres and to have them be saying the same kind of thing degrading you know the other channels they think that networks to which many of them are affiliated with just really puts confusion in the audience's light you might call that audience member mabel
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a typical viewer and she always sits home and trust her local lancaster's another local acres are saying don't trust the big conglomerates i think they're really confused they don't know sinclair vs take now or any other the organizations they just know that it's a.b.c. fifteen or the local idaho news channel seven whatever the case may be and that's where i think it's dangerous and it's dangerous to the future of democracy really. what is the message for the world here i mean this story is now a headline here in europe. well i think it's complicated because i think unlike in europe and in london and germany and france where you watch these massive national channels. and the idea of localism is not as understood as well yes there's local cut isn't an even there in germany and you're different landis's you have different stations that do local news but there's two hundred twelve t.v. markets in the united states all the way from new york number one to chicago to
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billings montana number two hundred twelve and they really do rely on those and so i think for the first time maybe the world is getting a glimpse of how complex the media environment especially the television news environment is in the united states if there's one good thing out of all of this it's that you know deuce is more than a notion it has its way of breaking through even this this trump ism that's that's kind of taking over here and by that i simply mean other journalists are jumping into the bandwagon pushing it out and helping us have a conversation and so i thought hope we caught it in time so that the typical audience member mable is maybe a little more informed or at least ready to ask some more questions i'm fortunately not sure those questions are being asked in washington the way they should but we still have the telecommunications act of one thousand nine hundred six and i think we're still required as a local license to operate in the public good very different from newspapers in the united states the broadcasters the airwaves still belong to the people yeah yeah
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and you have to wonder though what is the definition these days of the public good that of course will be for a different program bill socog with the congress with the cronkite school of journalism in arizona and california with the washington post to both of you gentlemen thank you very much we appreciate your time tonight on the day. once a day is international day of fact checking how appropriate especially when we report report on the us president and global trade trump recently reportedly admitted that he made up the trade figures that he cited when he met with canadian prime minister justin trudeau or china apparently doesn't put much credibility in trump's claims about unfair trade and intellectual theft by chinese companies check the facts if you like in the meantime china is slapping a twenty five percent tariff on certain u.s.
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imports and that is a fact. these american avocados that destined for the chinese market but they might not sell so well anymore now that china has imposed tariffs on fruit eat wines steel pipes and scores of other imports from the usa the rates of fifteen percent on one hundred and twenty items and twenty five percent on a target is. the chinese government says that people support its move though some in china regret the ensuing rise in prices. it's definitely going to have an impact many fruits that kids love only grow in foreign countries we don't have them in china that is a direct impact. it's absolutely right to impose tariffs because i've seen the news about the us crapping trade deals with us it's right to fight back. the new tariffs are china's initial response to the u.s. move to slap tariffs on steel and alimony i'm imports the us is also threatening to
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impose further terrace on sixty billion dollars worth of other chinese imports a year over what it terms the theft of intellectual property china by contrast is raising tariffs on about three billion dollars worth of u.s. imports. beijing says it will never submit if the u.s. launches a trade war and says that tariff increases are in line with world trade organization rules to protect its interests still the scale of china's new tariffs is modest the move looks more like a warning shot than a major counterattack the u.s. is china's largest single market a full blown trade war is the last thing china would want. saudi arabia is known as one of the world's most conservative societies but things may be changing the reason or oil prices have hit the oil rich kingdom. or crown prince mohammed bin salmond has unveiled an ambitious program of reforms
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known as vision twenty thirty aimed at transforming the kingdom's economy know it's a big job the reforms include diversify the economy and reducing its dependence on oil creating new jobs and making the country less reliant on foreign workers saudi arabia also wants to attract more foreign investment it has also taken a few steps towards social reform it has made a start in lifting some of the oppressive restrictions on women for example a driving ban for women will finally be removed later this year while our reporter for the charge traveled to the capital riyadh and to jeddah to look at what this vision for the future really means for the country riyadh is an international city a third of the population comes from abroad many of them manual workers they helped to build the saudi capital but the welcome they once enjoyed is starting to fade.
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saudis first know that's the saudi government's plan to reduce unemployment among native saudis employers who hire none so nice they have to pay higher fees and jobs in shops like this one selling electronics for example would be restricted to saudis only foreigners will be banned from at least twelve jobs they snoozing store selling instruments has already put up a sign for saudis only be looking for a salesperson male or. how does ation is a good idea there are more job opportunities here for saudis than for foreigners. and a lot of saudis return from the u.s. and germany with degrees only to find many jobs already filled by foreigners or their own country should benefit from them as saudi arabia should benefit from
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saudis. we are in a neighborhood in the south of the city it's a tough area most of the people here are foreign workers want to here is from bangladesh here i have a month ago to work in this shop learning how to assemble picture frames everything is getting more expensive learned the salaries aren't enough for everyone is how traits if they had to survive for the person's life for manual row course was never easy in saudi arabia just as in many parts of the world but falling oil prices have made it more difficult and your prices doubled in a year pushing up prices and recently new taxes on basic goods added an extra boot it's even more to here has just finished his shift how many hours did you work today i swear words sixteen hours that's a lot. maybe it's a lot about the energy to do that for the salary he makes one thousand three hundred saudi ryall a month that's about three hundred fifty u.s.
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dollars on the way home he tells me he used to have a good life until his father got very sick. you know we lost almost all of our money in his treatment so i just thought that as you come here to. keep them alive being the eldest in the family he border responsibility he dropped out of engineering studies and came to saudi arabia to earn money but it wasn't as easy as he had expected life is becoming more difficult for foreigners most of the people of other countries are losing their job and even here he of the colleagues leaving so they are be it because there are now just and that they can't live like that maybe my boss gave me a place to live. there was a not like that even some of people don't have a job sometimes the slaves near the road don't have time money to buy food
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i want to hear chooses not to show me the room he lives in with three others he doesn't want to get into trouble and be sent home he wants to stay as long as he can to make money for his family he's just one of millions of foreign workers is saudi arabia they are realizing though that the future here belongs to saudis. or maybe across south africa are in mourning tonight following the death of winnie mandela she died peacefully at a hospital in johannesburg at the age of eighty one when you mandela was the ex-wife of former president nelson mandela and she was a towering figure in the fight against apartheid but she was also in broiled in a number of controversies in her later years. winnie mandela was first known as the wife of one of the nation's biggest dissidents nelson mandela but in one thousand nine hundred sixty four after just six years of marriage her husband was given
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a life sentence on charges of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the government he spent the next twenty seven years behind bars before being released in one thousand nine when he supported him and the anti-apartheid cause eventually also serving time in prison my husband has been fighting for the liberation of the african people for someone else. in this country in the one nine hundred ninety s. when his reputation also began to suffer she was implicated in the kidnapping and killing of a teenager accused of being an informer. she was also convicted of fraud when her husband was released from prison she was there to greet him although she later described the marriage as a sham the mandela's divorced shortly after he became president. nelson mandela died in two thousand and thirteen. today his ex-wife winnie mandela
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is mainly remembered for her unwavering commitment to the end of apartheid. for many years. she bore the brunt of this senseless. with story since him and fortitude despite the hardships he faced she never doubted that the struggle for freedom and democracy which time for and succeed after a lengthy illness winnie mandela died in hospital surrounded by her family. however for many her image as a fighter lives on. well here at the big table i'm joined by on the on the servant in she's a south african journalist and author a documentary filmmaker she has reported extensively on her country and her father had extraordinary access to women della it's good to have you back on the show who was winnie mandela well she was not only the ex-wife of nelson mandela she was
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needed an empty apartments leading in right and i think she went from being the trophy wife very quickly to sort of whole keeping his legacy in life in the years that he was in prison and she was fearless she was absolutely fearless she no printed no white policeman could ever scale. and i think for that if you see how people are flocking to not the house for the people the people on the ground she was a symbol of yes we have a voice and yes we can stand up against you really jealous me that she really had a connection to do people on the ground much more so than nelson mandela typically when he left prison was she and i mean you know hindsight is twenty twenty what was she actually more qualified to be president than he was i think she was a bit a diplomat and she was more radical than him but she was also social workers so
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she was always interested in what the little man on the street is not that nelson also wasn't interested but he so the big picture and she was like this is an evil system i have to sort of oppose it and she sometimes didn't think. i'll to do that she would get very angry and sort of express that type of anger. that she was very popular underground she was popular in the townships and rights to the entry seeing it tonight your father had a lot of access to her he knew or very well he interviewed her numerous times did he do you think he had a. understanding of her that maybe other journalists didn't did he see something that the rest of us can't it was a very interesting friendship because he came from an a free concert background and and sort of set in ages and they became very good friends but i think he understood
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to key thing is he understood what twilight a free concert and would have done to her in the seventy's and i want to take a look at a clip from a time of her talking about whites and blacks job after women was in solitary confinement. for those eighteen months the. hours regard to that is really my. turning point in my political outlook. i must confess up to that state i was not how with the extent to which the afrikaners hated it means country me and that stayed with her the rest of her life didn't that states with her and what my father said like she was raped in prison but she never really spoke about it she said whatever happened icon talk about it and that was it was
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a key moment in her last you know and her legacy as we said a very mixed one we're running out of time but do you think as time moves on will her legacy improve i think a legacy already now in her death imprint she was the symbol for the anti-apartheid system in the time when the husband was in prison and she kept his legacy and eyes and that is that is all those things legacy only seventeen as always we appreciate your taking the time to be on the day thank you. well the day is nearly done but as always the conversation continues online to find us on twitter either at u.w. news or write to me brant got to be a doctor get use the hash tag the day remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see that.
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