tv Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People Deutsche Welle April 12, 2018 1:30am-2:01am CEST
hello and welcome to focus on europe i'm michelle henery glad to have you with us turkey is undergoing profound political change moving away from being a secular society to a country where nationalism and religion are at the forefront. and it is president richard type of the one who's been overseeing this change over the
last fifteen years starting out as a reformer his critics say he's now become an autocrat with a thirst for power president or to one has an ever tightening grip on the personal and political freedoms of his citizens but it seems that his pervasive control has not quite reached every corner of the country oh the chick is a small village in the northwest whose mayor is loaded by locals for his hands on governing style has become so popular that are the ones a.k.p. party hard to place any role there. nestled between high mountains lies the small town of other tick with its three thousand inhabitants it seems like any other small town in anatolia. closer and you'll see the local cafes called cuba and that a picture of che guevara rather than the president hangs in the town hall and that there are no biographies of al gore won in the library but instead of christian.
the magic is the only town in turkey with a communist led local government. this is the mayor fattish mehmet much alone a lab technician elected four years ago with over thirty six percent to head a coalition. better ones a.k.p. recently got less than four percent of outs. much earlier hates wearing a tie and likes to be hands on here people like to help each other. one person will drop shoes off for the town home or someone else will bring books and other clothes and whoever needs something can take it from here just now a schoolboy dropped off some books we underlined solidarity look these men aren't employed here live on tears. much in over chick differs from the rest of turkey you can buy alcohol without difficulty and there's hardly a headscarf and sight. although it seems the government doesn't want too many eyes
on this coming this late spot is civilian policeman stopped us from filming to continue we have to agree to restrictions. all residents are invited to town hall meetings in even the youngest two council members are absent much explains why. one had to work and the other couldn't attend because he was arrested this morning . the kurdish council member has been accused of supporting terrorism part of everyday life since everyone declared a state of emergency two years ago. students study for exams in the town hall library the mayor provides young people from poorer backgrounds with a modest university scholarship the students wouldn't want to live in a city run by islamic nationalist out of one supporters. things are freer here than in most places in the country especially for women. it is women who run the farmers
co-op the mayor is proud to show us where orders full of objects organic produce are handled. organic sult beans and honey are dispatched to the whole country it's a way for opponents of added one to support the left wing town. all of them do three things with the proceeds first we finance school scholarships second we support farmers by providing fuel for their tractors third we distribute seed free of charge currently around two hundred fifty farmers in the region have joined our count. at the door that number is rising these city employees are collecting soil samples in a field the co-op is to start growing crops here two president added one promised more prosperity for techies poorest that he hasn't kept that promise says this farmer. for sure the price for one kilo of beings is the equivalent of one euro
fifty it's going to but the wholesalers only ever pay this half of that the local government here guarantees me that i'll get the for one euro fifty within just fourteen days getting. much earlier drives a humble compact car the communist is not only popular among local residents many see him as a beacon of hope in take his political discordant opposition. many opposition members have been neutralized by adding one or put into prison much ado is aware of the risks. we believe we're doing the right thing if we're to be punished or i'm to be stripped of my office then that's the price we have to pay for social damages. and so other tick is a glimmer of hope in these dark times of turkish politics at least for as long as everyone will tolerate it. and he can
remain in place for years to come last year he merely want to referendum to expand presidential powers which would keep him in office until twenty twenty nine. how safe is your personal information that's what people around the world are now asking themselves and might have recent revelations that facebook allowed the misuse of personal data of millions of users but in russia's capital moscow were almost every aspect of modern life is it a ties and set of fearing the possibilities of technology they embrace it. everybody's got internet reception even here eighty meters underground explains fellow passenger tatyana. here wife i is free for three years and i. like it i like it the forest it's very easy access. to it human. life. she can
even recharge here she says moscow's public spaces are peppered with mobile recharging points in more and more buses stations and theaters. sports fan aleksei is on his way to see a moscow spartak match he's another well connected citizen he uses a state app called go through saluki much of his data are bundled into this one. younger in the full i'm completely transparent it's got everything about me i can pay taxes rent power and water bills and even fines on my mobile without ever getting off the subway. there it is with something new parts of a parking fine about thirty five euros he sees it as convenient that he can pay it right away you're going to want. it would be monitoring if i had an implanted chip but i can toss away my mobile whenever i want and the monitoring would be over who
got the ruling in. this state for an app can find out lots more about it seems there's. and the one hundred sixty thousand surveillance cameras around moscow even more. according to the mayor the aim is to make life safer and simpler. as soon as students carrying electronic cards pass through the turnstile at school number six hundred twenty seven their parents are informed of it by the same state run app. you know pens are no cooks are needed for tenth grade biology the students look up supplementary information on the internet on the russian search engine. are even more social to live through. that's sort of clear to me look if you just click they can't pay attention for an entire forty five minutes these kids think in terms of clips and switch topics every two to three minutes so i'm constantly changing activities in my lessons i mean i need the
tourist. parents can check the learning materials online using the same state run app and the students can evaluate the lesson as does even. near school i like being in this environment it's very interesting and entertaining. there's such an interest we would pretty smart it maybe when it's time for the kids to eat their parents can monitor their selections. just for the p.c. what you bought and how much it cost. the schools i.t. expert is fascinated by the exchange of information he can check any student's data if it is merged or both of the kids know their parents can see what they're doing in school at any time it may not motivate them but it does stimulate them in with you most of the teachers evaluate every lesson afterwards they give grades and these appear immediately in the app and if they're out. now the students have no
chance to keep bad grades a secret even had to pass tough exams to get into the smart school. is there's the i think it's a good tactic to have total control over the child that's us and the system is fairly unique. we can learn a lot faster and we can't cheat with material. all we can really do is get good grades more sympathetic to your bullshit will hit. even school serves as a model for eight hundred moscow schools and the smart moscow is paving the way for the digital russia data i mean everything they told us here everything for progress and control. this. in the fifth anniversary of a devastating massacre when german police and s.s. troops crushed a jewish uprising in the warsaw ghetto in the polish capital more than three hundred thousand jews had already been sent to concentration camps despite knowing
they had little chance of beating their persecutors the jews that remained refused to surrender and fought hard against their german occupiers the war some ghetto uprising was the largest single revolt by jews during world war two not in germany clear that she was quarter of the city were the brutal force thousands were killed and anyone who survived was taken to a concentration camp several hundred children were smuggled out of the ghetto by the polish resistance and survived our reporter met two of them in warsaw your piece was four years old when she was rescued from the warsaw ghetto she was saved by polish resistance fighters it would be years before she discovered how lucky she'd been. this is me. this is her earliest photo taken after the occupation a jewish parents had her smuggled out of the ghetto something she no longer remembers. my father was called greenspan and my mother's.
because this was how did you discover what had happened to you. i found family members in israel. after i first heard the old family names i wrote to an israeli newspaper and that's how i found an uncle. one day prior to the ghetto uprising peace was brought to a polish resistance fighter here in warsaw a woman who found adoptive parents for peace her new parents had her baptized as a catholic it wasn't until her eighteenth birthday that she found out about her jewish origins wanting to learn more about her parents so let's get peace contacted the former resistance fighter. she told me you have to be grateful to the sober lefties for raising here and for allowing you to study.
the stress the role the civil lefties played. that are so poor but i wanted to find out as much as possible about my biological family. genius this wasn't easy after the ghetto uprising in one thousand nine hundred forty three the nazis had nearly all remaining jewish survivors deported to concentration camps almost all were murdered. today a monument commemorating the ghetto and its three hundred thousand killed inhabitants marks the location where the infamous footbridge once connected the large and small quarter here jewish people lived densely packed with german occupiers didn't allow them to exit the ghetto without permission and yet a polish resistance fighters managed to smuggle jewish children out past the guards the fate of these children is being researched by the poland museum of the history of her own issues in warsaw including the fate of christina borden it's. when the ghetto uprising began in one thousand nine hundred forty three in its current was
still inside it she is one of its last surviving witnesses. then you could and where was the bunker in which you hid christina. it was on the corner of salman of office street and street view through the clear but it's always been hard for me to get more information coverage. i try to find out who on the so-called are inside helped me to this day i don't know which resistance fighters save me it on that yet that's what goes into gaza the secret council for aid to jews was at the jewish committee the book i still don't know. but now it's gone was eleven years old when her siblings hid her in a bunker that had been constructed under the house at the time two of her brothers had already been deported and killed in the treblinka death camp. when the uprising began she went even deeper to hide herself down into the sewers.
while german occupying forces attacked the jewish resistance above with flame throwers and gas grenades but it's now eighty five stayed hidden below with three others until she was saved by resistance fighters. had been your show when we were brought outside through sewage pipes. and then put into sacks why into sacks that there were to be sure we don't look human anymore we were just skin and bones we had no strength left that we were we had been underground for nine months without light engine and without contact to the outside world that she had where. this is going to do for the three. she was kept hidden until the end of the war and then brought to an orphanage today tells young people her story to warn of right wing extremism.
that got out to that group out of the leadership if this big group goes into warsaw and is witness to what i've told you then i don't think any semitism can survive it's in your hands so i wish you well thank you. christina britain it's and you want to get peace our founding members of the children of the holocaust association they want to share their story about life and death in the warsaw ghetto as often as they can stick us walk it's only by repeating these stories can we hope to prevent history repeating itself. there's an epidemic sweeping across europe and despite the fact that it has claimed lives and continue to spread it is largely gone and acknowledged its the epidemic of loneliness recognizing the severity of the issue
the british government recently appointed a minister of loneliness to tackle the increasing isolation of individuals that can lead to poor health and people harming themselves or others. it could be almost anywhere london has many faces and this is one of them. behind many of the countless windows are people and many of them are lonely. age u.k. is a state charity working with older citizens it also provides a place to get together around twenty percent of britons have contact with other people once a week or last half as everyone over seventy five years old lives alone especially women tend to feel isolated. and second when a need now but if they spending now there's an oldish things change
maybe. health wise up or now things like that and you can do what you want to do. and then you fall asleep during the day i mean if there were so you can do this street today and wake up we feel terrible not worth it. case basis to wait until it isn't as good if it can. loneliness isn't just a senior citizens problem robin born friends isolated too so much so that she sees rebecca a hug therapist it may sound a bit dubious but it's quite real and quite serious the two women don't know one another robin lives alone in the countryside north of london she works at home organizing events that bring people together. perhaps ironically she herself feels lonely. i enjoy my own space but then it gets to a point where you actually realize that you've had too much of your own space and
then you can't just such a mean magic up friends that you've built a relationship with it's that small talk i think so then you suddenly realize that on a saturday night you've got no one to go out and have a few drinks with robyn is in many ways an average single woman not shy on the contrary she's confident and well established in her profession but like the traffic on the motorway behind her home people tend to pass her by a lot of my conversations take place and what's not messenger we've only messages for each other it's not even like you have a quick conversation you just leave a voice message but you're not building anything sustainable so you're still going home into the day lonely. it takes her an hour to drive into london for her therapy sessions at stake is not just her mental and emotional wellbeing studies have shown that loneliness can damage physical health nearly as much as smoking fifteen cigarettes a day. the british government followed the commission's recommendation and widen
the brief of the ministry for culture media and sport to include the fight against loneliness. but first it has to find a way to measure loneliness objectively. but also i think society is changing and issues like social media people working from home not just home working from. perhaps there's less church that people got less institutions knowing that isn't an issue it's not health issues nor anything else this is the how we change our society. rebecca take sixty five pounds for an hour of hug therapy she averages three clients a day it's hardly surprising that she quit her studies to do it. and robin doesn't care of some think it looks funny have you got that thing which is like they want people to think i'm mad. is it really sad that you actually have to pay to come and see someone but it is p.r. if you're lonely and it helps you. but yeah unfortunately we don't all get what we
want right. robin is only one of some nine million britons who suffer from social isolation of the lonely people where do they all come from. a trip to italy would be incomplete without sampling some of the country's renowned cuisine and there's a restaurant in milan that both food writers and diners agree is wine not to mess it just happens to be located right in the middle of a prison and is staffed by its occupants in a project designed to better prepare inmates for life beyond the prison walls our correspondent visited the restaurant for the inside story. about the political and am inmates alson and so you are off to work their way to is at. both
men have spent years in jail though they're not allowed to tell us why by order of the prison authorities. still they have lots of freedom almost like living in a hotel on their way to work most doors unlocked and they have an amicable relationship with the guards and other inmates. elson has been enjoying such freedoms for two years thanks to his work at the restaurant. it gives meaning to his life behind bars for a moment the best and most important thing a man can have is a purpose for us to give up when i get up in the morning i know that i'm doing something useful for my family and that i'm helping them with their own i mean for me. alson who is originally from albania misses his family the most but when he's setting tables polishing glasses all seven guests he feels a sense of pride. that's why he applied three times to be transferred to biloxi
here inmates can learn a trade and dabble in the arts these pictures were taken as part of a photography course. on how we need to combine imprisonment with giving inmates a purpose in life once they're released from jail. should be able to make a contribution to society because a lower re-offending right makes for a safer society. and this strategy has proven successful just twenty percent of the latter is former inmates reaffirmed whereas the italian average is a close to seventy percent. so the future looks promising for elson and sayit they've not been joined by their boss surveyor politike she's taking over this is evening's reservations forty people are expected and everything must be just perfect. all vulnerable to all of the we want to tell people on the outside this time you should come to us in prison make yourself comfortable and see for yourself
how humane it is here that picture what we have to offer and what we can do. in the kitchen federica shows what he can do he's been at for a year and has five more years left to say. he whips up chocolate rack of lamb monkfish millimeters and purple carrot. these reinterpretations of classic italian dishes have won the restaurant rave reviews that can only happen if chefs love what they do and can be trusted with sharp knives. i really love the work. i always wanted to cook even as a boy before i was incarcerated i worked as a chef. will he continue after he's released yes i might even keep on working here as a free man. prisoners and between one thousand and one thousand five hundred euros a month that in the area most of the money goes to their families. of course are
a monogrammed government i also put a bit aside for me. so when i get out i can build a life for myself and people and take the first steps on my own sins of the iranians to bring me back. later in the evening manager sylvia pleae checks on the guests side and elson are also busy. the patrons are happy with the service and don't seem worried that they're being served by convicted criminals. and the money disappear sort of government one day these people will be on the outside again. working here now might help them reintegrate into society later if you can't remember ever mr right i in the lead us strives to rehabilitate prisoners and offer guests fine dining it's an ambitious goal that requires plenty of hard work often until late into the night. that's all from focus on europe this week thank you for
come in screaming want to express g.w. on facebook twitter the ball today to be in touch with the soloist. on freedom and whole. world i come from the region is rich in history starting on talent so much so poor in education opportunity and freedom this makes it especially difficult for can depend on drugs i see many of the younger promising journalists who are now making a name for themselves all over the. song live good along the way some might follow some with continue. the experience or freedom from sense is like that fenians of it you can visit it but your call come back from. my
ministry for that i work at the end of a. long way to survive. i don't know if. we are scared we are very screwed and we have to stick. to those people who likes to see articles in. bangladesh what does the true face of the country look like. freedom independence a separation of state and church that used to be important but for decades political infighting here has hindered progress and islam that's the extremists are getting more influence people we call for the name of lofted boys long democracy and the rule of law far on shaky ground. you've just couldn't get no.
love the truth be. heard. not from. bangladesh the dawn of islam as i'm an exclusive v.w. report starting april twenty first. there's a. u.s. president donald trump has threatened military action in syria following an alleged chemical weapons attack in a tweet he warned russia that missiles will be coming russia said it would shoot down any missiles fired at its ally syria. more than two hundred fifty people have been killed after a military aircraft crashed in algeria the soviet era plane went down around thirty kilometers southwest of the capital algiers it was carrying soldiers as well as independence activists from the western.