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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  April 15, 2018 6:30am-7:01am CEST

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germany. the most. beautiful at any time. check in with a web special. take a tour. by state. d. w. dot com. hello and welcome to focus on europe i'm michelle henery glad to have you with us turkey is undergoing profound political change moving away from being a secular society to a country where nationalism and religion are at the forefront. and
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it is president richard types are the one who's been overseeing this change over the last fifteen years starting out as a reformer his critics say he's now become an autocrat with a thirst for power president order one has an ever tightening grip on the personal and political freedoms of his citizens but it seems that his pervasive control has not quite reached every corner of the country oh the chick is a small village in the northwest whose mayor is lot of by locals for his hands on governing style has become so popular that are the ones a.k.p. party hardly plays any role there. between high mountains lies the small town of arctic with its three thousand inhabitants it seems like any other small town in an italian. and you'll see the local cafes
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called cuba and get a picture of che guevara rather than the president hands in the town hall and that there are no biographies of ad one in the library but instead of christian. overtake is the only town in turkey with a communist led local government. this is the mayor fattish mehmet much alone a lab technician elected four years ago with over thirty six percent to head a coalition. that owns a.k.p. recently got less than four percent of its. much earlier hates wearing a tie and likes to be hands on here people like to help each other. one person will drop shoes off for the town home or someone else will bring books and other clothes and whoever need something can take it from here just now a schoolboy dropped off some books we underlined solidarity look these men aren't employed here here's. much an overtrick defense from the rest of turkey
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you can buy alcohol without difficulty and there's hardly a headscarf and sight. although it seems the government doesn't want too many eyes on this communist lead spot is civilian policeman stopped us from filming to continue we have to agree to restrictions. all residents are invited to town hall meetings in of even the youngest two council members are absent much explains why. one had to work and the other couldn't attend because he was arrested this morning . the kurdish council member has been accused of supporting terrorism part of everyday life since everyone declared a state of emergency two years ago. students study for exams in the town hall library the mayor provides young people from poorer backgrounds with a modest university scholarship the students wouldn't want to live in
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a city run by islamic nationalist out of one support is. things are freer here than in most places in the country especially for women. it is women who run the farmers co-op the mayor is proud to show us where orders full of objects organic produce are handled. organic sult beans and honey are dispatched to the whole country it's a way for opponents of al to want to support the left wing town. all of them do three things with the proceeds first we finance school scholarships second we support farmers by providing fuel for their tractors. we distribute seed free of charge currently around two hundred fifty farmers in the region have joined our count. at the door that number is rising these city employees are collecting soil samples in a field the co-op is to start growing crops here too president added one promised more prosperity for take his poorest parts he hasn't kept that promise says this
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fall. the price for one kilo of beans is the equivalent of one euro fifty. but the wholesalers only ever paid us half of that the local government here guarantees me that i'll get before one year of fifty within just fourteen days getting. much earlier drives a humble compact car the communist is not only popular among local residents many seem as a beacon of hope in take his political discordant opposition. many opposition members have been neutralized by adding one or put into prison. is aware of the risks of those who don't we believe we're doing the right thing if we are to be punished or i'm to be stripped of my office then that's the price we have to pay for such of damages. and so other chick is
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a glimmer of hope in these dark times of turkish politics at least for as long as everyone will tolerate it. and he could remain in place for years to come last year he merely want to referendum to expand presidential powers which would keep him in office until twenty twenty nine. how safe is your personal information that's what people around the world are now asking themselves and might have recent revelations that facebook allowed the misuse of personal data of millions of users but in russia's capital moscow were almost every aspect of modern life is digitized and set of fearing the possibilities of technology they embrace it. everybody's got internet reception even here eighty meters underground explains fellow passenger tatyana. here wife i is free.
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to years. if you like it i like it the forest it's very easy access. to it's human. life. she can even recharge here she says moscow's public spaces are peppered with mobile recharging points in more and more buses stations and theaters. sports fan alexei is on his way to see a moscow spartak match he's another well connected citizen he uses a state app called go through saluki much of his data are bundled into this one app younger than the full i'm completely transparent it's got everything about me i can pay taxes rent power and water bills and even fines on my mobile without ever getting off the subway. just because something new pops up a parking fine about thirty five euros he sees it as convenient that he can pay it
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right away you know at least i want you to believe it would be monitoring if i had an implanted chip but i can toss away my mobile whenever i want and the monitoring would be over got the ruling in. this state for an app can find out lots more about it seems there's. an the one hundred sixty thousand surveillance cameras around moscow even more. according to the mayor the aim is to make life safer and simpler. as soon as students carrying electronic cards pass through the turnstile at school number six hundred twenty seven their parents are informed of it by the same state run app. yes or no pens or no cooks are needed for tenth grade biology the students look up supplementary information on the internet on the russian jandek search engine. army more social to live through. sort of getting into if you just click they can't pay attention for an
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entire forty five minutes these kids think in terms of clips and switch topics every two to three minutes so i'm constantly changing activities in my lessons i mean i leave the duties to. the parents can check the learning materials online using the same state run app and the students can evaluate the lesson as does even . in your school i like being in this environment it's very interesting and entertaining. there's such an interest we will pretty smart it may be when it's time for the kids to eat their parents can monitor their selections. just for the p.c. what you bought and how much it cost. the schools i t. expert is fascinated by the exchange of information you can check any student's data if it is merged or both of the kids know their parents can see what they're doing in school at any time it may not motivate them but it does stimulate don't
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mean we'd give you most of the teachers evaluate every lesson afterwards they gave grades and these appear immediately and they are and if they're out. now the students have no chance to keep bad grades a secret even had to pass tough exams to get into the smart school. is first i think it's a good tactic to have total control over the child. the system is fairly unique. we can learn a lot faster and we can't she would material. all we can really do is get good grades more simple statistical new bullshit we hit. even school serves as a model for eight hundred moscow schools and the smart moscow is paving the way for the digital russia data i mean everything they told us here everything for progress and control. april sees the seventy fifth anniversary of a devastating massacre when german police and s.s.
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troops crushed a jewish uprising in the warsaw ghetto in the polish capital more than three hundred thousand jews had already been sent to concentration camps despite knowing they had little chance of beating their persecutors the jews that remained refused to surrender and fought hard against their german occupiers the war some ghetto uprising was the largest single revolt by jews during world war two not in germany clear that she wished quarter of the city with brutal force thousands were killed and anyone who survived was taken to a concentration camp several hundred children were smuggled out of the ghetto by the polish resistance and survived our reporter met two of them in warsaw your piece was four years old when she was rescued from the warsaw ghetto she was saved by polish resistance fighters it would be years before she discovered how lucky she'd been. this is me. this is her earliest photo taken after the occupation
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a jewish parents had her smuggled out of the ghetto something she no longer remembers. my father was called greenspan and my mother's about. because this was how did you discover what had happened to you. i found family members in israel. after i first heard the old family names i wrote to an israeli newspaper and that's how i found an uncle. one day prior to the ghetto uprising peace was brought to a polish resistance fighter here in warsaw a woman who found adoptive parents for sublets copies her new parents had her baptized as catholic it wasn't until her eighteenth birthday that she found out about her jewish origins wanting to learn more about her parents so the let's get peace contacted the former resistance fighter. she told me
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you have to be grateful to the sober lefties for raising here and for allowing you to study. the stress the role the civil lefties played. it on i support but i wanted to find out as much as possible about my biological family may be intimidating this wasn't easy after the ghetto uprising in one thousand nine hundred forty three the nazis had nearly all remaining jewish survivors deported to concentration camps almost all were murdered. today a monument commemorating the ghetto and its three hundred thousand killed inhabitants marks the location where the infamous footbridge once connected the large and small quarter here jewish people lived densely packed with german occupiers didn't allow them to exit the ghetto without permission and yet a polish resistance fighters managed to smuggle jewish children out past the guards the fate of these children is being researched by the poland museum of the history
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of polish jews in warsaw including the fate of christina. when the ghetto uprising began in one thousand nine hundred forty three and its car was still inside it she is one of its last surviving witnesses. if any because then where was the bunker in which you hear christina oh. it was on the corner of salman of office street and the street through clear but it's always been hard for me to get more information on average. i try to find out who on the so-called are inside helped me to this day i don't know which resistance fighters save me it on that yet that's what goes into gaza the secret council for aid to jews was at the jewish committee the book i still don't know. but now it's gone was eleven years old when her siblings hid her in a bunker that had been constructed under the house at the time two of her brothers had already been deported and killed in the treblinka death camp.
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when the uprising began she went even deeper to hide herself down into the sewers. while german occupying forces attacked the jewish resistance above with flame throwers and gas grenades but now eighty five stayed hidden below with three others until she was saved by resistance fighters. in your show when we were brought outside through sewage pipes. and then put into sacks why enter sacks that they go to be sure we don't look human anymore we were just skin and bones we had no strength left. we had been underground for nine months without light of injured and without contact to the outside world that she had where. i was just going to for the three. she was camped hidden
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until the end of the war and then brought to an orphanage today tells young people her story to warn of right wing extremism. that got to that group out of the leadership if this big group goes into warsaw and bears witness to what i've told you then i don't think any semitism can survive it's in your hands i wish you well thank you. christina britain it's gone and your lives give peace our founding members of the children of the holocaust association they want to share their story about life and death in the warsaw ghetto as often as they can bush struck us walk it's only by repeating these stories can we hope to prevent history repeating itself there is an epidemic sweeping across europe and despite the fact that it has claimed lives
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and continue to spread it is largely gone and acknowledged its the epidemic of loneliness recognizing the severity of the issue the british government recently appointed a minister of loneliness to tackle the increasing isolation of individuals that can lead to poor health and people harming themselves or others. it could be almost anywhere london has many faces and this is one of them. behind many of the countless windows are people and many of them are lonely. age u.k. is a state charity working with older citizens it also provides a place to get together around twenty percent of britons have contact with other people once a week or last half of everyone over seventy five years old lives alone especially women tend to feel isolated. and said they wanted it now
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but if that is happening now there is an oldish things change maybe. health wise up or down things like that and you can't do what you want to do. and then you fall asleep join a day and with the worst you can do is street journal jake and wake up you feel terrible not worth the. pace they stay wait until it and could it be ok. loneliness isn't just a senior citizens problem robin born friends isolated too so much so that she sees rebecca a hug therapist it may sound a bit dubious but it's quite real and quite serious the two women don't know one another robin lives alone in the countryside north of london she works at home organizing events that bring people together. perhaps ironically she herself
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feels lonely. i enjoy my own space but then it gets to a point where you actually realize that you've had too much of your own space and then you can't just such a mean magic up friends that you've built a relationship with it's that small talk i think so then you suddenly realize that on a saturday night you've got no one to go out to have a few drinks with robin is in many ways an average single woman not shy on the contrary she's confident and well established in her profession but like the traffic on the motorway behind her home people tend to pass her by a lot of my conversations take place and what's not messenger we even leave with messages for each other it's not even like you have a quick conversation you just leave a voice message but you're not building anything sustainable so you're still going home and into the day lonely. it takes her an hour to drive into london for her therapy sessions at stake is not just her mental and emotional wellbeing studies
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have shown that loneliness can damage physical health nearly as much as smoking fifteen cigarettes a day. the british government followed the commission's recommendation and widen the brief of the ministry for culture media and sport to include the fight against loneliness. but first it has to find a way to measure loneliness objectively. but also i think society is changing and issues like social media people working from home not just home working from. perhaps there's less church that people got less institutions knowing that there's a nice issue it's not health issues nor anything else this is about how we change our society. rebecca takes sixty five pounds for an hour of hard therapy she averages three clients a day it's hardly surprising that she quit her studies to do it. and robin doesn't care if some think it looks funny you've got that thing which is like they want
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people to think i'm mad. is it really sad that you actually have to pay to come and see someone but it is p.r. if you're lonely and it helps you. but yeah unfortunately we don't all get what we want right. robin is only one of some nine million britons who suffer from social isolation all the lonely people where do they all come from. a trip to italy would be incomplete without sampling some of the country's renowned cuisine and there's a restaurant in milan that both food writers and diners agree is wine not to mess it just happens to be located right in the middle of a prison and is staffed by its occupants in a project designed to better prepare inmates for life beyond the prison walls our
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correspondent visited the restaurant for the inside story. about the political fire and am inmates alson and saeed off to work their way to is at in glared at both men have spent years in jail though they're not allowed to tell us why by order of the prison authorities. still they have lots of freedom almost like living in a hotel on their way to work most doors unlocked and they have an amicable relationship with the guards and other inmates. elson has been enjoying such freedoms for two years thanks to his work at the restaurant. it gives meaning to his life behind bars for a moment the best and most important thing a man can have is a purpose for us to be much when i get up in the morning i know that i'm doing something useful for my family that i'm helping them i mean for me. alson who is originally from albania misses his family the most but when he's setting tables
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polishing glasses all seven guests he feels a sense of pride. that's why he applied three times to be transferred to biloxi here inmates can learn a trade and dabble in the arts these pictures were taken as part of a photography course. we need to combine imprisonment with giving inmates a purpose in life once they're released from jail. should be able to make a contribution to society because a lower re-offending right makes for a safer society. and this strategy has proven successful just twenty percent of the latter is former inmates reaffirmed whereas the italian average is a place to seventy percent. so the future looks promising for elson and sayit they've now been joined by their boss surveyor politike she's taking over this evening's reservations forty people are expected and everything must be just
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perfect. all vulnerable to the want to tell people on the outside this time you should come to us in prison make yourself comfortable and see for yourself how humane it is here picture what we have to offer and what we can do if. in the kitchen federica shows what he can do he's been at it for a year and has five more years left to say. he whips up chocolate rack of lamb monkfish melanie's and purple carrot. these reinterpretations of classic italian dishes have won the restaurant rave reviews that can only happen if chefs love what they do and can be trusted with sharp knives. i love it i really love the work. i always wanted to cook even as a boy before i was incarcerated i worked as a chef. will he continue after he's released you'll be yes i might even keep on
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working here as a free man. business and between one thousand and one thousand five hundred euros a month that in the area most of the money goes to their families. of course are a monogrammed to promote i also put a bit aside for me. and you know so when i get out i can build a life for myself the people it was in take the first steps on my own since of the the i need to bring me posse. later in the evening manages sylvia palermo checks on the guests side and elson are all said these are. the patrons are happy with the service and don't seem worried that they're being set by convicted criminals. and no money because the person the government one day these people will be on the outside again. working here now might help them reintegrate into society later if you try and remember that restaurant i in the let us strives to rehabilitate prison is and offer guests fine dining it's an ambitious goal that requires plenty of hard
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work often until late into the night. that's all from focus on europe this week thank you for watching see you next time. if. you. the be. the be. the be. the book. the book. the
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book. the book. the book. the because. the be. obscure the stars the bruising the mormons six the balance of the balance bipolar the sunday eight o'clock the bali bomb. the scottish. the singer with a voice of in
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a bathtub. in concert. you find the brits. to move from. place to morrow's focus true costs visit to the. the last ten years the belong just the absurd the strongest xenu's craze. move east in sixty minutes on g.w. . learn german with d w. any time any place. whether with joe joe and her friends. colleagues discuss it in the next door neighbor mr spitzer see spirits or join the cause of war with friends all over the world. go
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online and interactive. german to go. and learn german for three brits d.w. . this is you get news come july from voting let's go right to our correspondent he is in central istanbul joined by michel a couple of feet of his political correspondent let's bring in a welsh action that's him from our poland a desk with go into the box office as a correspondent frank for more on those stories in just a minute but first this news just in. the perspective closer d.w. news. of the dangerous battle for images. five women. five exceptional stories. a satire i wanted we're going to come to morrow morning it may be nothing more dizzying one
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calling more photography dramatic pictures from the front lines capturing street full moments in time and even risking death. she gave her life to tell the stories of people who ended up killing their. plane women in war photographers starting may third on d w. united states ambassador nikki haley warned that western allies are quote locked and loaded to launch more missile strikes against syria she spoke at an emergency meeting of the united nations security council. where russia lost a motion to condemn the u.s. france and britain for bombing syrian military facilities in brussels nato members
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including germany expressed their full support for the strikes which came in response to the suspected poison gas attack by president bashar al assad.

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