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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  May 11, 2018 9:00am-9:30am CEST

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this is deja vu news live from berlin ken israel and iran pulled back from the brink calls for restraint from world leaders after israel's deadly raid on a rainy and targets inside syria all eyes now on any possible new military activity after israel drawls our redline and says it will not back down. also coming up a rare show of unity between moscow and berlin germany's foreign minister calling for frank and constructive dialogue as he and his russian counterpart agree on the
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need to preserve the iran nuclear deal. i'm brian thomas thanks so much for being with us all fears are growing that a new escalation is now taking place in the middle east europe and the u.s. are calling for restraint after what could be the most serious military confrontation between israel and iran in years the german chancellor angela merkel condemned rainy and attacks on israeli positions in a phone conversation with iran's president hassan rouhani and rouhani told the chancellor that he does not want quote new tensions in the middle east those tensions were triggered when israel carried out widespread deadly raids two nights ago now they were against what it says were a rainy and targets inside syria now this was in response to israeli positions coming under fire in what were believed to be
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a rainy and rocket attacks in the israeli occupied golan heights israel's prime minister has accused iran of crossing a red line. a mistrial on its way to destroy an f.m. system this slow down footage released by israel's defense forces shows one of the bare arch of strikes on iranian military sites in syria israel's prime minister gave the justification. a rod has crossed a red line our response was appropriate our army has carried out a large scale attack on iranian targets in syria we are engaged in a long term conflict and our policy is clear we will not allow iran to establish a military presence in syria iran provides political and military backing to the regime of syrian president bashar al assad in the country's civil war israel fears this is part of iran's strategic expansion in the middle east. tribute of the
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islamic republic of iran the us was recently revealed by an intelligence operation is the greatest threat to the peace of mankind in general and the middle east and israel in particular. israel says that strikes were retaliation for rocket attack on territory occupies on the golan heights according to israel iranian militants fired the rockets from syria but none of them reach the target. it's the most serious direct military confrontation and that between israel and iran. and. here at russia the u.s. and the u.n. cling for restraint. no he's getting more done there's a risk of escalation and growing tensions we must avoid them that's what i told the reigning president rouhani and i'll pass on the message to prime minister netanyahu and president putin who in the statements in recent days seems to share the goal of stability and avoiding escalation steady still need to get. tensions remain
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high on the golan heights the israeli army has sent reinforcements to its northern border. ok was this escalation headed with me in the studios call it a wise journalist in syria most good morning as ever collins israel says it destroyed most of iran's military assets inside syria that's the claim it's making with this week's strikes now is that a realistic claim given how long iran had to dig in and harden its assets there i mean probably the dug in but what israel did for the first time was hit hard if enough in florida state authority presence that the influence of iran and hezbollah in syria extending from areas near to vision run all the way east through the iraqi border so that the european court of border suddenly became vulnerable to the israeli air force it's a it's a change in the previous is that i.e.d.
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strategy of selecting places that he had this is a concerted attack against a belt of iranian and hezbollah militia presence in syria ok you think those assets were hit you think they were destroyed you know also the ideas. before too long war with iraq they have military experiences they might have been hit but not not that they destroyed them if they've been prepared. put this let's put it this way is nobody actually would know of the iranians would have been destroyed ok unless we have observers on the ground it's hard to get a complete assessment in spite of satellite photos is that correct exactly ok now russia has threatened to supply syria with the very sophisticated s. three hundred air defense missile system it's supposed to be one of the best in the world that's what jane's defense calls it and that system is would give affectively or end affectively israeli air superiority would that mean that israel would be
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forced to use ground forces to secure the red line that netanyahu has made and its own cross border security let's be attentive in what they describe what syria assad's army has been disappointed more or less by defections by the whole transformation of the state started not known coming through just the militia force so we're not talking really about this you know this is a planned organized army which can handle sophisticated systems who is on the ground you see it is russia and iran and the syrian army is waterless a sort of good and you got in this with it this is the most of the gated system or not is that it is different from the places in lebanon to intervene on the ground in another country and then have to have more or less i'm delighted allies on the ground like it had in lebanon so for this to death egypt would take lots of levels
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of collation ok so you don't think that there would be israeli forces on the ground and you don't think that the s three hundred would be supplied unless it was hugely schedule asian hugest collation and you know missiles are not just supplied daily training beneath time they need this is not going on it's going to happen this not going to happen in one night the next day and those missile defenses could possibly be manned by russians which would increase the stakes for israel that yes and this is what we have seen. in would be such a lot of states from communist dog in egypt for example lots of the hard work was manned by by a russian i'm not sure how much putin would want to escalate this remember israel has had veto power more or less indonesian that it's close to that vital to its security which is that if you go to talking about ok we saw this telephone call between the german chancellor and hassan rouhani the president of iran what does that mean our world leaders concerned about a further military escalation you're sounding somewhat sanguine that that's not in
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the cards i mean it looks like there is that concern out there it's an embarrassment for photos for the west and photograph and for germany because they backed this iran deal and then it became more or less a license for to iran to walk more or less a monster in syria is so in iran is in but i think you know it's the one embarrassing the west you think donald trump has called iran his bluff is he the winner in this nuclear deal standoff i think iran has lots to lose by having a military confrontation syria lebanon would be hit lots of foot what the lebanese have built would be hit by israel is that i'd still have the military says i think iran will would be very careful to provoke an all out war in that he can deliver a wise gentle syria analyst thanks very much for being with us today. well those tensions between israel and iran and the fallout with the u.s. withdrawal from the iran nuclear pact were of course the topics there in german
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foreign minister argo moss' first visit to moscow as new foreign minister has taken a tougher approach with moscow than its predecessor and in spite of seeing eye to eye with russia i'm keeping the iran nuclear deal alive moss also had plenty to criticize. german russian relations have long been fraught that tension was on display during the german foreign minister's visit to moscow. last laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier and met his counterpart sergei lovett of their encounter was far from warm given the west's recent accusations that russia is behind the nerve agent attack on a former russian double agent and a cyber attack on the german foreign ministry. i believe that's an open and honest dialogue is the key to a solid partnership we have to be able to figure out if we are still playing by the same rules. germany and russia aren't at odds on all fronts both want to salvage the nuclear deal with iran fearing the potential instability
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the collapse could bring. the agreement is vital for regional stability stopping the spread of mass destruction it's important to the signatures that deal with the situation we're doing exactly that with our german counterparts. neither lover of nor mass went into detail about what a german russian effort to save the iran nuclear deal might entail. it is imperative that the to run fully comply with the deals limits and obligations under to remain on board. we have again discussed what influence the russian government can have as far as iran is concerned it was usually. over it often. said the two sides had never been in complete agreement but mass added constructive work has been done even if iran is the only issue russia and germany see eye to eye
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on so a rare show of unity between moscow and berlin thomas sparrow our political correspondent joins us now for more like morning thomas what kind of cooperation might we see between russia and germany to keep the around deal on track. well brian there are many issues where russia and germany have problems where they do not see eye to eye as you yourself said but one issue where they do share a general goal is when it comes to this iran nuclear deal and in particular when it comes to two aspects of the iran nuclear deal first and foremost trying to make sure that iran sticks to its obligations there are international mechanisms in place for that to happen and second also to try and minimize the impact for countries like germany or russia when it comes to to the fact that the u.s. left the iran nuclear deal and that is planning to impose sanctions the general goals that germany and the other parties involved in the iran nuclear deal share and those are two goals that they will have to work on in order to salvage this
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deal ok it's always good to see agreement of course between germany and russia but we have to remember the germany still does not recognize crimea as part of russia and it remains a strong backer of ukraine let's take a listen to what. that issue referred to this youth league and its with the legal an extension of crimea and destabilization in eastern ukraine much trust has been lost in recent times most own for doing. so could you train wind up getting in the way of deeper cooperation. i think the biggest challenge here bryan will be to try and separate issues between germany and russia to try to make sure that on the one hand you have the iran nuclear deal and that common goal that i've just explained on the other hand the issues where they have problems and where they have differences but it is obviously the case that when you look as a general way a bilateral relationship you have to understand that there are elements of high cost as joe said where there is mistrust but again the goal be to try and separate
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them if you look at in general what ukraine could play they always have to consider the fact that there are sanctions imposed you have to consider the fact that there is not stream pipeline project where ukraine is very critical because it obviously sees its role as a gas transit route threat and so those are all issues that have to be included but the general goal between germany and russia and by the way between germany and all the other parties involved in the iran nuclear deal will be to try to separate that from all the other aspects where they have to negotiate your the north korean pipeline running through ukraine that is a huge deal over on the side though it's a big if isn't it if moscow and berlin wind of finding some kind of common ground on around might that mean that germany would then press for an end to the sanctions against moscow i think it is unlikely because the sanctions against moscow were imposed in particular because of the situation in crimea because of the situation in eastern ukraine and they have been specifically pegged to the implementation of
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the means could remain so that is the precondition in order to get rid of those sanctions however obviously if germany and russia do continue these common goals when it comes to iran it might change at least the general environment when it comes to the relationship between germany the e.u. and then russia on the other hand as well thomas as ever thanks very much for your insights thomas ferro forester. now for some of the other stories making the news this morning. malaysian opposition leader anwar ibrahim is set to walk free after spending years in jail now that's following the first ever transfer of power in the southeast asian nation the new prime minister mahathir mohamad says the king has told him that on more will be pardoned martir has also promised to have more of the prime minister's job when he retires. the former catalan leader carlos boozer ma has rejected being reappointed as leader of the spanish region he wants fellow independence backer kim torode to become the region's next head catalogue lawmakers
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must pick a new leader by may the twenty second to avert a new election. commission. president trump and north korea's leader kim jong un will hold their much anticipated summit on june the twelfth in singapore trump revealed the place and time in a tweet the two leaders will discuss ridding the can the korean peninsula of nuclear weapons and normalizing relations between the two longtime enemies. in south africa one man is dead two others were wounded during an attack on a mosque eyewitnesses say several attackers slit worshipers throats there and then fled the scene it is still on clear why tack that mosque which is located in a town near durban. this did it is live from berlin still to come on the show me the young jewish woman in france who says rising anti semitism means she no longer has a future in her home country she's just one of many fleeing france for israel to escape
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the abuse they say has become part of everyday life. because you're now with our businesses and a mixed response to the first year for a manual mccrone office as you know you can please everyone but for politicians that could be a problem no this week of course mocks one he has since france elected in money as president and since then he wasted little time following through his campaign promises of economic and fiscal reforms the result unemployment figures have trumped slightly and the economy is taking off so has his first year in office been a success well that depends on whom you ask. for a few months louis has felt like he can breathe again he can finally hire people when he needs to meet short term production goals without risking bankruptcy or the volumes of his small electromechanical company fluctuate constantly.
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severance pay settlements camps. before you didn't know you might have to pay out. in a dispute you could very easily end up around the one hundred thousand euro mark. make or break for my business. now we're able to take the risk and we've just employed someone. severance pay reform and others such as the lowering of taxes on capital given employers faith in the government. giving us hope and not just because of his reforms the business climate is simply better. for the first time our country has some. who is on the side of business. to. trade unionists are critical of my reforms
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they say he's rapidly demolishing the country social safety net so we hear these policies are socially unjust and benefit only the richest in the country for example to raise taxes on retirees and lower capital tax that's a step back to the nineteenth century curtailing workers' rights and opening the door for employers to negotiate directly with the workers. and the unions won't let that happen without a fight but the business community says the reforms have not gone far enough. which is top of the you can't ask a small business to step itself like a big company following thousands of regulations which stem from who knows where. there has to be legislation adapted to small business to lower operating costs out of our going to be internationally competitive fronts as a massive trade deficit. so far france's young president has not been fazed by his critics for the most difficult reforms the
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public services and pensions haven't even begun years. the deaths of two women who were crushed in a stampede at a border crossing has brought to light a darker side of morocco strange relationship with spain most of moroccans imports come by way of spain some make the thirty kilometer crossing from the spanish port of our d.c. arrest to the spanish enclave of c. you tell on northern coast and they are then transported through customs into morocco some importers take advantage of a loophole to avoid paying customs duties but it's maracas most vulnerable women who pay the price. every pace is a struggle hand to hand battle with burdens weighing up to one hundred kilos these moroccan women work as mules moving merchandise across the border from the spanish enclave of seawater into morocco. all this to get fifteen euros per trip the taxi
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to the border cost for euro's before we even start how are we supposed to eat. legal commerce across the border between spain and morocco or tax evasion goods carried across the border on foot don't attract import duties depending on what they carry these women earn between ten and twenty five euros a load. i am not. going to trade as well organized by wholesalers to make a generous margin. for general model gain a bit annoyed that the moroccan state gives nothing to women what do you want that they go into prostitution no they come here they transport a packet and then they can feed their children i don't recall that out she was a mother and her blind daughter it's handicapped women the elderly single mothers or widows morocco's most vulnerable women who do this heavy work.
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a few weeks ago two women were killed in a stampede crushed by the weight of the bundles now spanish authorities have imposed stricter regulations on the trade they've demanded that the women use trolleys many say that this has only made the job harder. but these women count themselves lucky to have been able to get over the spanish authorities only allow four thousand porters per day to cross some will have to sleep rough on the spanish side of the border. some will resort to desperate measures to cross undetected with their cargo. also that a few moroccan businessmen can avoid paying import duties. quite a story there that could france be seeing a new exodus brian there certainly are concerns monica that one could be under way
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anti semitism is a resurgent problem right now across europe with a series of anti semitic incidents causing disquiet you could say the least and the u's two largest countries germany and france earlier this year in paris for example an eighty five year old jewish woman was stabbed to death and then set alight never oh no have escaped the holocaust only to be murdered in her own apartment attacks like this have spurred jews in france to abandon their home country for a new life in israel. yeah you grew up here in this suburb of paris bus as soon as she graduates from high school she's moving to israel where she would have to do military service. as a practicing jew she no longer sees any future for herself in france. i used to see myself as a french woman of jewish faith back but now i just feel like a jewish woman that wants anti-semitism is getting worse now my mother won't even
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let me wear a star of david my mom the only solution is to move to israel and present for my own massive thank you she proudly shows us photos of her big sister who's already done her military service in israel. yeah hopes to follow her example and leave the victim role behind that she feels forced into in france yeah this mother said she had to take a daughter out of the public school and send it to a private one the anti semitic are still itif classmates eventually became too much . oh that doesn't mean all. the attackers are generally young muslims unfortunately that's how it is they think you do is an israeli and israelis are criminals the muslims have imported the middle east conflict to france. and were french jews were not responsible for the problems in israel the comair incidents like the arson attack on the scotia shop in january twenty eighth and the
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anti semitic murders of two women in paris and twenty seventeen on the increase the perpetrators tend to be young muslims but it's an issue not many people from the muslim community want to talk about some try to justify their hatred of jews with far fetched conspiracy theories. with the israelis are paying the islamic state to carry out attacks in israel to. be as ways of the root of all evil you know what i'm saying. jewish parents are often the ones left behind many of them in the tranquil suburban neighborhoods their children have immigrated to israel to any wm god nada has a daughter son and grandson in israel his son did his military service with an elite unit. god not all supports his children and their plans but it still hurts that they've left. the jewish community in france is very old there is no reason
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to leave france this is my country and my language. i'm just as close to the french as i am to the israelis. but i never advised my children to go to israel but i wanted them to stay here longer. kids at school were calling them dirty jews. that's why they left with. verbal and physical abuse even assaults yele does not think the french authorities afford her and other jews adequate protection. all vets from my bed i was in poland and visited auschwitz the tour guy there told us a people without a land or an army can be destroyed anytime and i told myself if i want to do something for my people i'm going to have to learn how to fight and to do that i'll have to go to israel about. an estimated fifty thousand jews have left
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france to date among them are many young people now serving with israel's armed forces but others and france's jewish community are still skeptical there is really peace no movement and its french affiliates are dedicated to resolving the israeli palestinian conflict it says it's a mistake for families to let their children serve in israel's army the. know it made me sick kids are being hosted a checkpoint in israel where they could be forced to shoot him in. the mirror not going to come away without psychological scars. quite out even if they had no choice at that moment i believe they were doing the right thing. seventeen year old ya had brushes off such warnings it can hardly be any worse in israel than in france she says. my dream is for my parents to come to israel themselves eventually and for us all to live there together. she at
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least wants to live her dream even if it's not in the country she grew up in. this is the news live from berlin let's get your monitor now of our top stories or so our there have been calls for restraint from world leaders after the most serious military confrontation between israel and iran in years around president told german chancellor on the macro he does not want quote new tensions in the middle east but israel is using a run of crossing a red line. and the german and russian foreign ministers say efforts must be taken to preserve the nuclear deal with iran following the u.s. exit. germany's new top diplomat i go moss was on his first official visit to moscow. this is the news i'm brian thomas for the entire news team thanks so much for being with us.
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