tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle May 26, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm CEST
thank you for your help the trouble with your favorite. electorate is that i don't think it went that much jerkier your politics in the entire country champion and fill in for the last sixty years. for mines. this week on global three thousand we head to a small village in georgia where warm water is now on tap thanks to the sun. in ecuador entrepreneurs are developing ways to make shrimp farming more environmentally friendly. and we go to california to meet a woman who despite having
a job can't afford her own four walls. with a g.d.p. of over nineteen trillion dollars the u.s. was the world's strongest economy in two thousand and seventeen it's a country where dishwashers can become millionaires according to the american dream at least but is that dream today a little more than a myth. according to official figures around forty million americans now live in poverty. and at the same time the cost of living keeps on rising the average monthly rent in the us is fifteen hundred dollars and in major urban centers that number climbs to twenty five hundred. those who can't afford such rents often end up on the streets last year over half a million people in the u.s. were homeless. when element police car turns into her bedroom everything she needs. it is folded neatly away here in the back.
she sleeps in her car almost every night even though she has a full time job. so. she works as a lecturer teaching english literature at a state university it's her dream job she probably completed her master's degree at age fifty but her studies landed her with nearly insurmountable debts once again and found out how little i make and how much work it takes and i have a strong work ethic i was raised that way. and now. being in the position living in the car not now i didn't think it was going to be like this. living in a car presents a number of challenges allen has to find public washrooms places to charge her cell phone and laptop and parking spaces she won't get chased away from she feels let
down by society's attitude towards her they don't want to know they don't want to see it's not their problem that that angers me. frustrates me. disappoints me in manatee in this area. and they don't know how well they have it. san francisco is a well heeled metropolis the city used to be a magnet for counterculture but that counterculture has turned to corporate silicon valley is home to some of the world's richest tech companies but not everyone in the bay area is living the dream of many people some even live in motor homes entire streets of them these people have literally been kicked to the curb. among them is the royal family with three children and another on the way the mother has been cleaning other wealthier people's homes for fifteen years the family had to move out of their apartment three years ago the monthly rent was three thousand
dollars for a two bedroom apartment they just couldn't afford it but that's only staying here because my husband has a good job nearby but we can't move because we don't have any savings what can we do with that money. they improvise with the small space they have barely getting by while the people they work for earn six figure salaries plus shares and bonuses the enormous gap between supply and demand is driving prices up and the housing sector here and normal earners don't stand a chance to matter how fast you're around you always end up in the same place and because. our companies are doing so well google's hiring linked in is hiring into its our semantics hiring all these companies are hiring they're hiring at a faster rate than we can get housing built and get affordable housing. l. and isn't alone six years ago she married jim who recently retired but then he
found out his pension wasn't enough to cover his rent both of them sleep in their cars and jim is reaching the end of his tether. this is not something that. provides you with a lot of self-worth and dignity you appear ok but inside it's it's it's either now yeah i've broken down. i think two or three times now we're just wears on you to the point you're going to tears because you're asking yourself how could how could this happen to somebody who's on a system hard working dedicated. honestly you know i'm not the only one i'm not the only one. for real estate agents like gary herbert the housing shortage has been a gold mine you really haven't you didn't see that house on eleven thousand square
foot lot and suffer loss of just demand has caused property prices to skyrocket this two bedroom house is expected to sell for more than three million dollars. this house will probably be torn down and a new one built so that it basically i have a lot for you yes it's a big beautiful lot it's in a great location it's easy to build on there's no trees and no way or things that can you know inhibit the building so they can build their dream home here and this is how the other half lives ellen shows us where they keep their possessions that don't fit in the car everything valuable or important is in storage in hopes of better times some things have too much sentimental value to be discarded like the christmas decorations that ellen and heritage from her mother. died in my arms when i was twenty one and it's back. i know how truly.
gotta keep something. doesn't have them any more. i want to have the farm. ellen is making notes for tomorrow's lecture from her car also house to serve as her workspace. the affordable housing crisis has been especially severe on the west coast of the us california has the highest rate of unsheltered homelessness and the country. got to keep going. i don't have time to really be afraid. if i do that then i'll become. so that.
people like alan are locked in a daily struggle for survival here in the shadow of silicon valley at the heart of america's digital revolution people are becoming invisible. i. completely changed. my name is just the boss when i live in a cupboard and they were put in jobs berg and i'm sixteen years old.
i know when to go visit friends but. now if they states will faso i'd buy the state all. i mostly play chess at. oh. yeah. listen to kelly's music at the moment he's the r. and b. and rapper is at the moment i feel i can relate to. when i grow up i'd like to be a lawyer but at the moment i'm rethinking that because the thinking of becoming an english teacher. because i seeing the great like the inspiration of my teachers either teaches me how to feel that way i would not i don't know how painful because with all teachers do you think the great lawyers of today were believing the great doctors and no it wouldn't be without them.
if they outed frames playing chess all walking around in the fall having funny jokes. my fear is that one day we will call into all war because. the way we're living at the moment isn't the best way you could live. we live to fight instead of living to love. grow forests are highly biodiversity ecosystems found in tropical and subtropical coastal areas and the long river estuaries in the one nine hundred eighty s. scientists estimated that mangroves covered a total area of two hundred thousand square kilometers worldwide now around half of them have been destroyed if deforestation continues at the current rate experts fear that in a hundred years the trees will have disappeared completely they plame the growing
global population and the booming shrimp industry. the southern coast of ecuador is dr twist. countless shrimp farms. around two thirds of the monk great forests that once lined the shore here have been destroyed to make way for them. to make the animals great quickly the shrimp found this feat them two to three times a day. i could certainly set it up that allow it so i know what you have to fertilize and i treat the water on the ground. that around sixty percent of the shrimp survive. that's a very good result but for that you need fertile ground sounds good water you know what i mean when shrimp need salt water so the poems have to be filled with water from the sea that's replaced regularly the foam school serious environmental damage to prevent possible disease the farmers get the shrimp heavy doses of prophylactic medication when the pond water drains into the sea it's taken up in the marine food
chain studies show aquaculture is increasing the worldwide danger of antibiotic resistance soloing there for me that says the medications are in the food that the shrimp eat these animals contains a wide range of different substances. but we only use antibiotics when the shrimp grow sick and the disease shows signs of spreading. in the last few decades it could or has become one of the world's largest producers of shrimp pomes are harvested every three months and business is booming along with petroleum and but known as the quest stations have become one of the country's top exports. last year just under four hundred fifty thousand tonnes was sent abroad bringing in three billion dollars and exports are expected to expunge this year.
diesel power whatever ration systems help people sit in levels in the poems high exhaust from the generators police the air now not far from the old palms shrimp promise of testing a new method developed in singapore and it's the poems are placed in the hand rather than the sure that gives spammers much more control over conditions the poems are smaller that yields a much higher after twenty five years as an accurate cultural engineer g.m. i.p.o. underdressed a turn to chapter. now he's pursuing a new career as a shrimp fama. if fifty four if we. were not our breeding well that is much healthier than the traditional methods you don't need only as many antibiotics and it will be fine because of the roofs that cover the wrong you can control the temperatures better. but also because
the water is unchanged if you have more control over you have to do not. see him for. a puff like this yields around eighty to one hundred strength per square meter this area a lot more than traditional breeding methods. that's down to the fact that more creatures survive. significantly increasing that value on. the hold for global market. may be easing off our people who drive don't know me that the consistency of the flesh is a murmur model so it's better off and they say that the taste is exactly the same. even though the shrimp are being raised in fresh water rather than salt water an innovation that allows farms to be set up practically anywhere rather than only along the coast. but it takes the animals a while to get accustomed to the different conditions. i could achieve this is
where we put that when they come out of the lab. depending on the salinity they stay here five to eight days. then we take them out and we put them in this time. you get has lower salinity levels they stay in there for another eight days after that we put them out in the pond. a modern system like this costs around two hundred thousand euros to set up the water as we used again and again and this system is powered by solar energy. and that i say is still testing it out and soon will be selling his first harvest of shrimp. this week and i'll global idea and series we're off to the coke assists. temari n.s.a. headed to georgia to meet the results will residents of one small village now they've
begun using solar energy to heat water which has a knock on effect it protects local far east. at six thirty eight. fetches the hot water like she does every morning. the cows utter house to be cleaned before milking. a little later as well as the family's breakfast she makes cheese and requires a lot of patience she can tell that she's ready when the consistency is just right . everything here runs like clockwork with no time for breaks. while there is activities on housewife i have a lot of work to do i clean make the food clear cows and lots of other things that
would be office like there's always something to do their office floor or. none to go to bennett says sixteen and was a nurse for thirty years she lives with her husband son daughter in law and grandchildren. i always need hot water i'm glad we have this system. they received a solar powered water heater from a local energy cooperative. that clothes really had it right on my saved up a bit of money and sold a few things i don't like it was my husband who really wanted this work never it's quite expensive but it is manageable. it can show up like you don't like. and was he trying to make her daily work easier i looked at it again i think it was mainly about saving electricity but
i can't say for sure when we had the wood stove we had to go out collecting firewood and make sure we had enough so maybe that had a lot to do with it and the kitchen creature left by that i should feel. the cheese is ready not on camera ballots is going to take it to the market. people here bring produce they grow or make at home like vegetables fruit herbs. and cheese. mrs nonny has barely unpacked before a trader calms and buys the lot depending on the type of cheese she pays between one euro fifty and two euros fifty per kilo. ysaye they don't get much but if you live frugally you get by we try to get by on it. these are packing
love is also in charge of the housework on her home plus the farm and the grandchildren. she still heats water the traditional way on a wood burning stove in the living room she needs a lot of hot water and therefore a lot of wood her annual would supply costs between two hundred and two hundred forty euros in georgia the average income is under three and a half thousand euros a year. the club would come forward we save money so we can afford the wood but sadly there are a lot of families who don't manage what we're doing better than some we can pay for firewood the poor families current reform is going to have. and i think that. the men collect the wood from high up in the forests of the carcasses mountains. they're still allowed to fell trees here. go get
a hit let's say is twenty seven. he comes here regularly. gopi to estimates that each and every house in his area consumes about two to three truckloads of wood every year a local to sit in the. ocean it was for him to do if we cut down trees anywhere else we could cause rock slides which are dangerous for the residents. the forest might seem lush but deforestation is rife across georgia the number of trees being cut has to be limited to ensure long term sustainability currently over twelve times that number is being felt. the work of these two mechanics is helping to solve the problem they're cutting solar panels.
the machine dates back to world war two but it still works there part of the energy cooperative the systems they produce here should help to reduce wood burning and therefore carbon dioxide emissions. the cooperative as provided solar powered water heaters to more than one hundred homes in the village. jani is a thirty nine year old teacher and head of the energy cooperative its name means turn on the sun. the system is being installed here today. so much of his pleasure residents know about the hot water systems so quickly and they know that banks are providing loans for them. to be out in cockroaches that you don't have to go from door to door people who are interested come to us. yet has been using the system herself and she's impressed that's what i'm mocks the
goals i've had one at home for three years already it's going to save some money and makes the house work easier. not to go to heaven it's is back from the markets and the grandchildren are away her son and daughter in law are at work so she has to look after the children children a better future i hope they have a better life. and hot water straight from the tap is a good place to start. this global snack clean business have a very special fast food joint involving. quite spag berlin's melting pot and traditionally a bastion of subculture but it's also home to an exciting food seeing.
to it there's a lot more to it than combat shops. now open for nine months goldie's has become a popular local haunts but. it speciality is fries fries with the difference that. we fry them either and be fat or peanut oil so guests can choose if they order a vegetarian dish they're got in peanut oil if they order a meat dish they get be found regulars who eat meat get on the fat without asking. a. lot is left touchiness get on the idea of deluxe fries while training is chefs the fact that the eatery says fourteen different sources isn't the only evidence that they learned their craft in stock restaurants films and picking this this is our peking duck it's pulled up here but we marinate duck legs and salt and
sugar for twelve hours to make it meat as juicy as possible and then we breeze it in the oven melt the whole. we turn the skin into a crumble and then we shred the meat so there are no bones or fat. no we simply all minus and we serve it with operation plumbing in news. and we fry the crispy skin unfathomably the whole table to the sets of the next cup but most of the. guests love it to go to the. goes through a ton of potatoes a week. along with peking duck its most popular dish is fries with black truffle sauce. you learned to certain i'm dutch so i have high standards when it comes to fries with the i miss them and are lemon they just aren't as good here. this is the only place where the fries are better than in holland or belgium
a portion costs between five and ten euros and of course take care of his also an option. for services and we love chips but it's not like we would kill for jobs if we just wanted to fill a gap in the market to get this but that's right usually you just get chips on the side when you order a curry sausage or a burger but imo thinking about things that berlin doesn't have and we decided it was chips i'm for the really die hard fry fans this even video are devoted to these deep fried delicacies down in the basement. and that's all from global three thousand this week as ever we love hearing from me so drop us a line global three thousand d.w. dot com and take a peek at all face but page. society see you next time till then take cash.
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