tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle May 29, 2018 7:30pm-8:00pm CEST
with. design highlights you can rate yourself. on stoops and tricks that will turn your home to special. yourself with the w.'s interior design channel. this week on global three thousand we're off to the steps of mongolia where intensive livestock farming is destroying land and life we heard so what can be done about it. we head to she can't go to a city with a sky high murder rate and a west side blighted by drugs gangs and despair. but first to east in kenya the
al-shabaab terror group recruits they're heavily sowing the seeds of mistrust among locals. rose in two thousand and six in the midst of a bloody civil war in somalia it's aimed to establish an islamic emirate stretching beyond the country's own borders but now the group has been pushed back to somalia's southern areas and driven out of key urban centers like the capital mogadishu. allied with al qaeda terror network notorious for suicide bombings guerrilla warfare and a rigid interpretation of sharia law while exact figures are hard to come by experts believe has between seven thousand and nine thousand members many of them come from neighboring kenya that's led to increased prejudice against muslims there but now a group of women is doing some pushing back of their own. making
soap. to make money and as a healing exercise. these women are victims of. some were kidnapped and abused. while others have family members who join the group. some. people consider us enemy because of things on the people have done they call me al-shabaab just because two of my brothers joined the group and. the pain of loss stigmatization my neighbors and no support from the government or from police . if the police suspect that there are terrorists around then they react very harshly and immediately start killing people especially if they think young man is now men but that's why a lot of people join tend the mean even if they kill to. try to musharraf he speaks from experience her husband was
a policeman but he was shot dead by colleagues after he began searching for their son who had disappeared. the fourteen year old was suspected of travelling to somalia to join al-shabaab the group has carried out gruesome attacks in somalia and in kenya killing in mourning hundreds the islamists are angry at the kenyan government for supporting somalia's crackdown on al-shabaab. the group recruits along the kenyan coast an area popular with tourists from around the world with. radicalization is a huge problem here. and police respond with violence. many kenyans are afraid to even enter a police station for fear of seeming suspicious themselves. it wasn't easy to get permission to film here. officer bieber finally agreed that she says she became
a police officer to serve society not to work against it and deal with her office in mombasa is a safe place for many people especially women. she promises to help them with their problems. this should be a given but it's not always the case in kenya. that the police often have a reputation as thugs are the enemy not his friends and helpers lives he was born there or they take bribes for favors an officer tries to relate to people as equals the be between us and they can. do is put it this way that woman. is liberated to between the community and us for us in that she tells us further most of the time when women come and have information they are afraid to reveal it the women are afraid of being branded
a traitor or of colluding with the police one. for too much shafi didn't get any help from the police after her husband was shot to death but. she supports her family by selling baked goods. then she volunteers in her community as a kind of peace and bassett or. that if the police want something then they should do it in a gentle way the way you can down a bank prison and violence only bring hatred. we want to get rid of this hate we want to be friendly. to. those are the words of a woman who watched her husband killed by his colleagues and who has lost a son to a terror group. one point they told me my son
was dead. i've made peace with this. if he had returned he might have been a bad influence on others. and with me. despite or perhaps because of this horrifying story but too much shafi spends her life fighting hatred. that's taken her on an unusual path. she's joined up with bieber. and other peace and passengers. today they venture into a neighborhood with a heavy presence. at first people are skeptical of the police uniform a woman complains that she is always being harassed by police officers. but she's also mistreated by gangs making trouble. tells her that women should always report searched things to the police there are people like you she says they'll understand
you. it's good that she came in many of us was scared at first it makes it easier for us to share our concerns it's very different from going to the police station. the kenyan police are wrapping up their presence on the coast the goal is to approach the people and listen to them rather than driving them away. but officer is an exceptional police officer she's always on duty even while making breakfast for her children despite all the difficulties she refuses to give up. those sold. it it can be. because. they're in. with me. in. the. in this they cannot do without us. try to rush off he also believes in
the power of women. she and her friends from the therapy group are celebrating the birth of a baby girl. but it will still take a while before these victims of terrorism and the justice can have their faith in police restored perhaps in the next generation. violence is an issue everywhere including in the us their gang fighting in cities can be an acute problem especially in por suburbs there are an estimated thirty three thousand gangs in the us from street gangs to motorcycle syndicates even some in prisons where many members end up the f.b.i. estimates the u.s. has one point four million active gang members she can go suburbs are notorious for high rates of violent crime in twenty seventeen six hundred fifty people were
murdered there the majority killed by gang violence donald trump's war to address the issue. right here. right now. but since that inauguration speech little has changed. sunni is a very dedicated ground you never saw his own children grow up as he was in prison he served twenty seven years for crimes committed by. he was the leader of a gang bunch chicago's west side he still has authority today but now he's working to take care of the young people here. in the midst of gang violence and drug dealing who needs houses ideally placed his verandah is basically his office. the day party on his
street can quickly turn into a deadly shooting if a rival gang turns up and there's a dispute over a drug deal involving big money the turf war is never ending. hard job to convince them to stop selling drugs and go get a legitimate job all of them got to tell them that job is a lot of charm i did try to get them to see the long car which is not the end of the christian world and goes fast and back again being. a short life lived in the fast lane is the only thing most people here know they grow up without fathers as they're in prison while their mothers struggle to scrape together a living even with three jobs. those who grow up here can easily fall in with the wrong crowd old we meet george a forty four year old father to seven children he always carries a weapon for fear of his rivals if you want to be
a part is like you see what we're going to because i'm going to. be a part so you see the risk that we need second after every risk that we take it is to wait. but. if you mess around out here. you think you take the right. answers and take your risk because i like. my dad and that is why many start so young getting into drug dealing while they're still at school. just jonathan was just thirteen when he started he has tattoos in memory of the friends who didn't make it like one he was gunned down outside his school at the age of sixteen jonathan is twenty three and has just got out of prison he says his gang is like the family he never had and he needs that protection both in and outside of jail. dangling in
a cool is a lifestyle to be told at the end because he had no chance real choice in the matter you feel me you are no matter what is a well what if from anybody had a choice in his life we got pushed to the point well when we had no choice we had given you nothing to do we hear. a little bit of that and that's repeated again and again here to me is one of the few who's better to help he says there's just not enough money to tackle the huge problem still seems but lack of funding isn't the only challenge. it's worse than syria. and afghanistan every day it's shootings and killings in this community and it's not an outside force anymore it's inside and because this weapon tree is sore sensible now. you can go get our guard. troops. way we come to the center of chicago this is the postcard side of the city
that many of the children from west side have never been. nothing hints of the problem areas that have existed for decades the well healed citizen lives here for the most part happy to leave the problem to the police. but on the other side of town two teenagers have just been shot from a passing car. i was there and my house and i heard a cry and shots and i knew mike years we dropped on the floor it was very scary. and i got shot in the ne. stay in the house they came come outside and play was very bad situation in a neighborhood that i have no money you know i would like to go somewhere else where i have more money in the. makeshift memorials for the lives lost last
year six hundred fifty people were shot and killed in chicago police say that's actually a drop in numbers compared to the year before relations between police and the black community here are tense chicago has a long history of police brutality and racism. here tend to feel marginalized. says the american dream has rarely works for people of color. that j.v. and has a dream of his own he's eighteen and wants to become a nurse he's working a night job to earn money and goes to school during the day he used to deal drugs to put food on the table for his siblings but booming persuaded him to leave his gang. i was there. i looked in his eyes and i saw me. and. when i met him i was already in the streets and prison i have been in jail
joy that my life was spent in jail and i didn't want to have to go through what i went to actually like a father to me that i met with because i never had a person but i always had a relative that don't do this. but they would never show me a different way how to do it they were not to do well how could i not do if you give me a different role. in courage desean to believe that they could be more to life even though it's tough to make it here that they need to give up on anyone easily he wants to provide a way out for young people and yet he knows it's likely to take many generations before there are equal opportunities for the children growing up here on chicago's west side.
by. making cheat. this week's global teen comes from vietnam. my name is winner that's my nickname my full name is laura hinman boy i'm thirteen years old and i'm in grade six i'm from vietnam and i live in hope she minh city. land i was born my mom and my dad wanted me to win everything and be better than everyone so they gave me a nickname. it's winter. i like to play football read comic books play with lego's and sometimes listen to music i like beethoven i like taylor swift i like adam levine and i
like bruno mars. i am afraid of having a bad score on a test at school and. my mom and my. yellowed me. i have my sister her name is me a not a not a sister four and a half years old. we need to hear in school. i think it is the internet because there's both good and bad the bad it is it can make people crazy have problems with their minds if they use
the internet too much and then they don't want to talk with anybody else. i go to school six and i come back home half past four pm. i think we have learned more than teenagers from other countries. today in global ideas we had to mongolia a country known for its vast expanses of open rolling grassland but this extraordinary landscape is under threat from overgrazing a potential ecological disaster reported on his face travelled to his dying national park close to the country's capital to find out what's being done to protect asians steps. the mongolian state
can see in finnish. the grasslands here offer a perfect temperature for rare plants and animals. this stamp is home to mongolia as wild horses almost extinct. only a few years ago this is the only place they can be found in the wild. it's also a paradise for dia along with hundreds of bird and insect species. but these are deal exceeding deceptive outside the two thousand take tears of the who stein national park and other protected areas this is what the mongolian step looks like. dry sand only spots vegetation whatever grass remains is shrunken and dried out increasingly the step is turning into desert for years timid or chipped as assad has been researching this
development for the united nations he has no doubt about the cause. he says there is simply too many sheep and goats in the grass exposing the soil and giving it no chance to recover. almost fifty million animals graze on mongolia's grassland. or in certain places from our times or more. to get the number of grazing animals down to a sustainable level u.n. stuff has proposed a grazing tax the more animals are her own ins and the worse the pasture land the higher the tax levy the idea is to encourage small herds. some livestock farmers own over ten thousand cows or goats. but
not now and two year old she bought she and her family keep some eight hundred sheep and goats as well as one hundred horses and eighty head of cashel. she likes the idea of a grazing time. she says the grass is deteriorating from year to year. the number was when we go home in the autumn and winter the grass should be this high. grass is nowhere near as good as it used to be and that's mainly because there are more families or more livestock so the pasture is degenerating. or she bashes the spokes person for one hundred other herd of families she's done a lot to spread the idea of a pasture management tax. this is most of the herders are in favor of it as long as it leads to better feed and healthier animals.
plus the tax that's collected should be spent on the herds and to improve the livestock sector and not go to the national budget. that's the only way we'll support temperature. orci bash would like to see the tax revenues used to improve veterinary services for the animals. and if the herds were to shrink in size and more feed were available then there would be fewer scenes like this. during a harsh winter millions of animals might died because they haven't been able to accumulate the fact reserves necessary to survive now and to your chibok has already had that experience in one region the un has successfully piloted an emergency fund financed by tax revenues the monies given to herd us to help them
recover when their animals have been hit by drought severe frost or epidemics but some herders are against a grazing tax. more and i mean we have to have those yeah. and of course you went through on the political. many were really supportive. of them but i think again this is really sincere. the more stuffy the herders is is speaking in the ordinary headdress it doesn't speak oh yeah. grazing tax wouldn't help move a dodge son job anyway he lost all his animals during a particularly bad winter
a few years ago. since then he has lived on the outskirts of the morning goalie and capital. boredom of part of. the countryside everything was nice. i was free and i was happy but i go to sleep it was great to follow my animals in the fresh air of the wide step. but in the city as we say we are all living between four walls i'm trying to come to terms with it because i'm getting older now. and it seems a bit of a dog says in the past families almost always leave together now he only sees his son and grandchildren once a week when they come to visit him his son owns a reasonable living in the city but he'll never drive a herd of animals across the open step like his father and grandfather did. between work and home i'm nearly always on the go i'm under so much stress
especially with the traffic that's possible i leave town at least once a week i like being in nature and i really miss it some. stress and traffic jams that could easily be the future for an increasing number of heard of families . the grass one over seventy percent of a step is depleted if nothing is done experts say that an eight to ten years the country's sheep and goat herders will no longer be able to make a living. and wild horses might never again venture beyond the boundaries of the national park. that's it for this week do drop us a line day global three thousand d w dot com and check out our facebook page global society see you next time.
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