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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  May 31, 2018 10:00pm-10:30pm CEST

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this is. on the eve of a board to morrow of the united states plans to slap on exports from the european union. will target aluminum steel despite. the e.u. promising to hit back with on american goods will go to washington in brussels for more on this transit. also coming up. the man who was to be italy's new prime minister last week. is taking the post after all populous
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parties every inch of agreement on a new government and said. they will be sworn in by the president on friday. he's. quit. after leading his team to a third consecutive champions league. is job is done and he can walk away with his tail. i'm burnt off it's good to have you with us a trade war is about to begin tween two economies that are supposed to be the world's closest ally tomorrow the united states is imposing tariffs on steel and aluminum from the european union it's doing the same to canada and mexico alas.
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negotiations in paris this week failed to find a solution and now europe is vowing to retaliate with countermeasures against u.s. products today german chancellor angela merkel called the u.s. terror legal and she warned that the standoff could spiral into a global trade war. it's the moment europeans see a produces where dragging that help there would be exempt from u.s. tariffs europeans export tree point five million tons of steel to the united states every year one thing is certain starting on friday washington will impose in part tariffs of twenty five percent on steel and ten percent on the menu canada and mexico are also not spared. other countries which are now excluded from the u.s. steel market and look for new markets and what lies more closer in the open the european market so we expect a deflection of steel trade flows from countries such as turkey. or
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iran coming to the opinion. geminids economy minister is disappointed as well. he hard to get and china today's decision by the us government is wrong it's harmful for europe as well as for the united states to do with. the e.u. is already preparing retaliatory measures. this is a but they probably were. european union cannot. react to that we've called the new kind of reaction so really you need to introduce a set of a dispute. on that over on the w t o. do you is considering in part judy's on us products such as much as cycles bourbon cranberries and oranges mexico and canada are also contemplating countermeasures. on george
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and i by our washington correspondent claire richardson and from brussels our correspondent. to both of you good evening clare let me start with you how has the commerce secretary from the u.s. defended the american decision to slap its allies and its biggest trading partners with these tariffs. the u.s. commerce secretary wilbur ross really tried to turn this on its head saying that european negotiators failed to convince washington not to extend i dig zemke chanson these tariffs either another temporary one or a more permanent solution now this comes after months of anxiety about what the united states was going to do here we saw personal lobbying efforts by french president and manual micron and german chancellor angela merkel who came to d.c. to try and convince trump and not to impose these tariffs on the european union obviously that has not worked out originally when trump said that this that these terrorists were going to take place he made the argument on a case of
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a national security he said that it was essential for the united states to have strong steel and aluminum allies excuse me industries domestically because this is necessary to the united states defense now it appears that that is that he is willing to burn bridges with those european allies in order to back up those industries and those are often areas where he has a lot of domestic support politically yeah it's interesting today we were told that the europeans would be able to get over this quickly georg. you know you could argue that europe has seen this coming all along is there any shock tonight in brussels that's right they have seen this coming they're well prepared they have informed the w t o they have the m legislature but of course tonight you have this moment gulf of shock that actually the the it is now clear that all the hard work all the dialogue all the last minute efforts have been in vain and in
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clear people they were still holding out for in a woman a war resolution the means they're there were pretty delegations meeting trying to find a solution. right we released all these lobbying efforts right up until the last minute we knew that the temporary exemptions that the european union and canada and mexico had obtained after the towers were originally announced in march were set to expire at the end of this month so we knew some kind of decision would be coming down by today at the latest it's interesting to note how much this really could hurt transatlantic ties between the united states and europe at a time when the u.s. needs its european allies in so many other foreign policy challenges we're course looking down the barrel of a possible meeting between donald trump and the north korean leader kim jong un they're going to be facing confronting china and other trade issues and they need their european partners to settle issues to try and find solutions to problems in the middle east so it's interesting to see that the timing of this is also quite
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sensitive even though this was the date that they've set for them to expire it's an interesting moment for trump to go ahead and impose those tariffs on the european union and any case. we heard. today calling them illegal i mean the whole of the day is there anything that they can really do about. the european union has started a dispute settlement case and they're really keen to stay within the legislation of the w t o and now what in twenty days from now if all member states give their thumbs up this list of tariffs could be slapped on the u.s. it is it takes twenty days because beforehand the w g o has been notified so this is in accordance with the regulations of the w t o that this will now take place so they really stick to the rules here and they hope that the u.s.
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will understand that this is the channel on what basis they they want to resolve this conflict yes because they think that would sting with the w.t. oh this cannot spiral into a global trade war but from where you're sitting tonight that danger does it seem stronger than ever retaliate but not ask that is the policy of the european union but of course if you take a look at the bigger picture you do not only have the scenario of a tit for tat war of the spokes person off of german chancellor said that there is as we were looking at potentially of cycle of of escalation here that the u.s. has has provoked and the bigger picture tells you we also have the situation of the iran nuclear deal that the u.s. has walked away from so if the e.u. continues to trade with iran this could have potential counterterrorist coming from the u.s. then there's also a data protection law that has been passed that the u.s.
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has called hidden trade barriers so there's a whole set of things that could inflame this conflict a corresponding month as in brussels tonight unclear richardson on the story for us in washington to both of you you thank. for preparing for the financial fallout from all of this helmet is here with that angle of the story did you hear that was the sound of business ties i'm afraid brant hitting across the atlantic at the e.u. and mexico devaluing to retaliate canada has already fallen through all of this leading to fears of a trade war the u.s. called the sexual roughs makes it sound like european media is a just blowing the whole situation out of proportion take a listen terrorists are a fraction of one for us on products the beer soft drink and soup because it's all a fraction of
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a penny each of those in terms of an automobile it's also a fraction of one percent and for the economy overall it's a very small fraction of one remember we were in a team trillion dollar economy. well here with me in this studio to talk more about this is alan kohler from the j.f.k. institute at the free university of berlin and imposing these tariffs president trump invoked a seldom used section of trade or from the one nine hundred sixty s. in fact allowing him to impose trade barriers when there is a threat to national security was was there any sign of that. i thought canada i thought the european union i thought mexico were all friendly countries and also that we're all in the same boat together speaking about security so it's clearly
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one of these distant ideas of industrial policy if you don't have something very specific then somehow you're less of a nation less secure but it is clearly just made up the only way he could get to do what he's just threatened to do and he's doing it does seem rather obscure but the u.s. congress. saying not enough have been done to reduce that trade deficit we do have to acknowledge it is it is very large does he have a point that sometimes you can say you got there is that deficit now the question is do we agree what the cause of the u.s. deficit are economists are actually pretty much in a great agreement it has to do with the macro economic imbalance between domestic sources of saving and the attractiveness of investment and it happens to be the case that the those reasons have nothing to do with protectionism that what
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could end up being the case everybody is poor and the trade balance imbalances remain it's getting investment and saving back into the line meaning the united states would have to start saving more in particular the large future deficits should be something. the u.s. congress should worry much more about those reasons aside now we've going one step further brussels has said that it will retaliate is drawn up at least with jeans bourbon whiskey cranberries oranges motorbikes for example the north there is says that it wants to take that case to the world trade organization and i think it's fair to say that president trump has shown a flagrant disregard for such institutions do you think this would be enough to force his hand oh there is no silver bullet in dealing with this in ministration so these are symbolic actions if the if the european union only was buying
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something like soybeans the way the chinese are buying soybeans from the united states or have been that would be really leverage harley davidsons bourbon this is all symbolic actions i think indicating that it could get worse we don't want but it's also an indication europe does not want it to get worse the normal procedure when there's a hand a trade dispute is to go to the w t o. but forcing america to be outside and not inside is probably the right strategy right retaliation escalation at the moment from the european union in korea from the j.f.k. instituted three instance at the free university of berlin or it's great to have your analysis. and our correspondents a fisherman and he joins us now from wall street sophie the u.s. commerce secretary wilbur ross i mean trying to play things down but investors don't seem to be buying it u.s. companies are already taking a hit if we take a look at the stocks here's hardest hit right now. you
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merican automakers for example are suffering because many of them are still importing auto parts from the european union for example told they're going to face higher costs which eventually are going to lead to american cars getting more and more expensive and then there are the food producers they need as a mini i'm sure they can so they're facing higher costs and have to charge higher prices while european or canadian competitors are able to simply dodge the terrorists because they can export their canned goods into north america and then the energy sector is going to be his heart and as the demand for steel is going to stay the same very probably u.s. companies like u.s. steel are going to have to cover it all which sounds like a good thing but these companies haven't been able to work efficiently for low prices that is why impaired imports were flooding the american market in the first
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place so there are a lot of potential losers here i mean as we've heard time and time again a trade war will both saw it does trump think he can keep things from spiraling out of control at the same time as getting what he wants. i think he's making a calculation and calculates the costs of tariffs through higher prices as less harmful than the competition with the e.u. or canada or mexico or china and he is also trying to live up company to tom paine promises he has made especially to voters in the rust belt and to industrial companies it might not make him say come on mclean especially if the trade deficit is not necessarily going to frame better way with the retaliation from so many different sides we've heard mexico and canada the us are not going to be able to export more and literally everyone else has been begging from and not to go their
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people and their own republican party the obvious because they fear that these terrorists are simply going to have the effect of the tech high hurting come through my eyes and manufacturer. sophia szymanski in new york for us this evening thank you very much. i was able to breath now as its leader move some uncertainty for now a little bit of progress to report for a change well there you are going to italy tonight to the right wing league in the populace five star movement say they've reached a deal to form a new government of the government will be led by law professor just as they call him today who could be sworn in as early as tomorrow it will be called he's a second shot at becoming prime minister last week he returned his mandate to form a government after president. rejected his proposed economics minister ard for more on that there we go for more on that we want to go now to philip
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will in a journalist in rome he's covering the story for us tonight philip it's good to see you does this mean that the end of the crisis is now near. it does seem that way. by. eighty eight days. moments of real drama and conflict between the two parties who won the election and the president. policy towards europe and. continued presence in the euro so i think. after all the uncertainty and the stress and the wrangling. sirleaf to city yeah a government being formed even if it is the set to untried populist parties who caused considerable all along what do you make of the decepticons who could be sworn in as prime minister tomorrow what can we expect from him.
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well he really is an unknown quantity he's not take really well known even in the academic world and he has no political experience whatsoever but he is trusted by the five star movement and his role will be effectively that of honest broker between a five star and lead to publish parties but with very different agendas so it will take considerable it diplomatic skills to keep them together and said this concerned that he's not seen as a sufficiently of thirty figure and really able to no case together and demand respect it will be interesting to see how things work out for the government but
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here he's clearly intelligent and educated man and most people wishing him well i mean he certainly does have a big job ahead of him trying to bridge these two political extremes in these two opposites if he spends all of his time trying to do that it begs the question then who will actually be leading the government who's going to be in charge can we say that maybe the heads of the two populous parties will actually be calling the shots . i think that's very likely neither of them will back down and allow the other one to the prime minister and they're both going to be deputy prime ministers as well as occupying at very significant ministerial roles motives sabina is. going to be interior minister trying to deal with. legal immigration and improving the security situation in the country and luigi myo the
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head of the five star movement will be in charge of labor and konami development and a very important influential role in the future of the country and obviously depending on his success the chances of reelection movie. very much for grabs clearly these are the two key men and. one hopes that they will be cooperating and working together rather than fighting and killing one another in the shins and it remains very much an open question how that's going to work out drivels philip williams on the story for us tonight in rome with the latest twist in this is tell you political crisis phil thank you very much. here is some of the other stories now that are making headlines around the
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world spain's prime minister mariano rajoy says that he will not resign ahead of a no confidence vote that he looks set to lose tomorrow spanish media say that rory no longer has the votes that he needs to survive that could clear the way for socialist leader pedro sanchez to become spain's new prime minister denmark's parliament has passed a law that bans the wearing of veils and other face coverings in public and of the laws popularly known as the burqa ban although the government says that it's not aimed at any religion similar laws have been adopted in several european countries since france did so in twenty a love it. the european court of human rights has ruled that lithuania and rumania aided the cia in torture activities violating european laws the court said that they allowed the american intelligence agency to illegally mistreat two al qaeda terror suspects in secret prisons that it ran in the two countries.
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in this building in the romanian capital bucharest the cia is said to have tortured terror suspects there was also a secret prison in lithuania lawmakers in the us and europe have been trying to come to terms with these detention centers then to terror suspects in the u.s. detention camp back one ton of obey took romania and lithuania to the european court of human rights there the judges ruled the cia operated secret prisons in both countries with the knowledge and cooperation of their governments in violation of anti torture laws. there has been a violation of article three of the convention he needs substantive us picked one account of the despondent states complacently in the ca high value detainee program in that if the neighbors of the us authorities to subject be up a human treatment the ruling was similar to one against poland in twenty fourteen
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the court called on romania and lithuania to punish those responsible as quickly as possible. will forty's in thailand have banished visitors from one of the country's famed beaches for four months once a pristine paradise. has become a victim of its own fame the beach lives on the small island of p.p. late in the andaman sea tourism has damaged its coral reefs and harmed sea life authorities say that it is time to give the beach a break. my a baby can be a magical place but just after sunrise the first speedboat zanten the calm skipper sumit mooney cong and says living from tourists and has mixed feelings about the closure even if it is just for
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a few months. yemen before the speedboats came there were wonderful corals here the boats of damage them on the other hand a lot of us live off the visitors. and. some twenty beach wardens to wreck the traffic here a more up the smell of diesel hangs in the air as many as five thousand people come here every day the idil is long gone. i mean india would die to have something like this around and you have to preserve it you have to have a limit to everything coming in and out. so you have to respect nature for how what it is and what. the damage is most shocking underwater dying coral reefs and plastic rubbish not just here in my ebay ecologists a seventy seven percent of thailand's reefs have been harmed can for months really bring about recovery you know people see
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a change in four months it takes years and years before population to recover. has a reduction in people anyway possess the storms so they're closing it during a period when there is a lot of people. in the peak season the national park rakes in more than fifty thousand euros a day in entrance fees how much of that flows back into environmental protection is not clear the closure of the basic stream really controversial so too is the way forward. for months is the period everyone could have. you know it's a stone. it will give us a chance to inspect the bay and see what else we can do we need help. the engines are revving again the last tourists dispersed just before sunset the reef
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heron has the white sandy beach to himself and last at least for the next four months. arson sports news now been some big news surrounding the world cup in russia for captains. has been given the all clear to play in the tournament for the first time by a swiss federal court there were tested positive for cocaine and had a ban imposed by the court of arbitration for sport that court is based in switzerland meaning peru were able to challenge the suspension in the swiss judicial system the thirty four year old blamed the test on drinking coca which is popular in south america. or here's a reminder the top story we're following for you the united states is set to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from the european union canada and mexico the move comes after last ditch talks failed to reach an agreement with the e.u. mexico and canada all say that they will impose countermeasures against the u.s.
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and the man who wants to be the prime minister last weekend in dropped out is taking the post after all italy's two main populous parties have reached a deal and it means just. may will be sworn in by the president on friday. after back to take you through the day stick around for that.
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more intrigued by the international talk show for journalists to discuss the topic of the week twenty five years ago a racist also an attack on the house of a turkish family in the german city of seoul and gun left two women three girls dead and fourteen others injured the question is has germany changed since then find out shortly on foot. in sixty minutes on. every journey begins with the first step and every language but the first word published in the. rico is in germany to learn german why not learned
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germans every week. the last time the u.s. used terrorists as weapons in a protection is trade war was in one thousand nine hundred thirty the great depression would soon follow today washington turned to tariffs once again and said that europe will soon get over it tonight the unthinkable a transatlantic trade war is beginning i'm burnt off this is the day. for the.

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