tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle June 1, 2018 9:00am-9:31am CEST
the bridge. to try an exclusive reports are starting to move on to w. . this is deja vu news live from birdland the united states slaps tariffs on exports from its closest allies and this as they vow to retaliate tariffs on aluminum and steel from europe mexico and canada went into effect just a few hours ago the targeted trio promised a counterpunch of american goods is this the start of
a trade war. also coming up he's back after abandoning his bid to be italy's prime minister last week giuseppe conti will take the post after all this after the two main populist parties make a last ditch deal to form a government. i'm sorry kelly welcome to the program. the european union is waking up to an economic gut punch just a few hours ago the united states impose tariffs on steel and aluminum on the european union it's doing the same for canada and mexico negotiations in paris to avert the tariffs failed and now all three are vowing to retaliate with countermeasures against u.s. products the standoff has sparked fears of a global trade war. canada is the largest exporter of steel and aluminum to the
u.s. both metals are critical for the american defense industry with applications in aircraft and tanks in canada could be considered a national security threat to the united states is inconceivable the northern neighbor says it will now impose proportional import tariffs on u.s. products as diverse as yogurt coffee washing machines and lawn mowers. to the south mexico has promised its own tariffs on u.s. products like lamps pork and flat steel. across the atlantic representatives of europe strongest economy and export leader germany reacted with similar frustration . to. the decision by the us government is wrong it is harmful for europe as well as for the united states. in brussels they were already drawing up a list of retaliatory measures. this is
a but for twitter you opinion cannot. react to that we've got a new kind of reaction so really you need to introduce a set of disputes on the on the w t o. likely candidates for targeted products motorcycles bourbon cranberries and oranges out of the united states. and we have team coverage this morning let's bring in claire richardson who is standing by in washington max hoffman standing by in brussels and hans brandt has the latest from berlin and clare first of all like to begin with you and talk a little bit about the justification that the united states is using for these tariffs they've said that it's because of national security issues but with this being some of its closest allies how are they justifying that. good morning sara that's right the most recent thing we've heard from u.s. commerce secretary wilbur ross is to try and try and turn this on this head on its
head to say that the european union in fact failed to convince washington not to impose these tariffs during the most recent round of talks of course when the trump administration introduced these tariffs back in march they did so want to national security basis is that having a strong domestic aluminum and steel industry in the united states was essential not just for economic security but also for defense for things like building tanks and airplanes and so it seems that trump is willing to burn bridges with some of the united states' closest allies in order to follow through on this threat and it's not clear what the end game is in targeting the european union despite months of pressure campaigns from european leaders to try and avoid these tariffs with a permanent or even another temporary exemption ok so lots of questions about the strategy here but you know given the max what is the use position on all of this first of all was it prepared for this and second of all how is it likely to react.
it's not like this came as a surprise the commissioner in charge the syrian mobster him said as early as tuesday that she expected this to happen this way to play out this way but there still was a glimmer of hope until the very last moment because the last two times when trouble granted the exemption he did so at the last hour but this being the european union of course they are well prepared they have prepared for weeks now there are large amounts of paper being produced for example lists with goods that would be under retaliatory measures received that and then that reporter earlier for example orange juice or harley davidsons and all that but will take a while to impose that and of course the member states will have to sign off and we already heard for example from the german economy minister this morning. saying that this will take some time because they want to make sure that this is all within the legal framework of the world trade organization absolutely heard so many of those ministers actually speaking in the past twenty four hours and i actually want to turn on now because you know germany france the whole of the e.u.
i mean the the basic language that has been coming out of all of these has been that this is illegal and in fact i'd like to listen to what germany's foreign minister said a short while ago and then get your reaction you know this thing and i'm talking to all of america the right answer to america first is you know european nights if this didn't catch us by surprise you know at the same time we don't think it makes sense we also don't think it's legal to say so doesn't make sense it's not illegal but hans to you in berlin now because what can they really do. well as mox has just been explaining and as the german economics minister said again this morning what the european union and germany want to do is stay within the legal frame but what they're talking about is the framework of the world trade organization they feel that these tariffs opposed by the united states contravene the world trade organization rules and that since they are illegal and the european union and germany want to stay on the legal side of the world trade organization rules which
is why they are going through through the prescribed channels of notifying they would have world trade organization of the steps that are to be taken and waiting for approval from the world trade organization before imposing further tariffs before retaliating from the european side but i had my appeared to admire the german economics minister also said this morning that he was quite angry about the way things have developed because in fact he has been trying to gather with his european colleagues for weeks if not months to try and avert this and to speak to the americans in fact they have been very open in the negotiations they've said if there are any matters of complaints from the american side they were prepared to talk to them but not while being threatened or why the sanctions have been imposed and let's talk a little bit more about those negotiations because clear i mean the timing of this is interesting you know trade delegation headed to paris the commerce secretary in
fact so why announce this now. absolutely well the timing is not surprising when they were first announced back in march. very soon after we saw exemptions granted to some of the united states key allies like canada mexico and the european union after an outcry and these were set to expire at the end of may so this expiration date has come up they have been able leaders from europe including personal visits by chancellor angela merkel and french president and manual on to d.c. to try and lobby not to put these tariffs into place have clearly failed and we've reached the end of may and the trumpet ministration has gone ahead and said that they are going to go ahead with the threats that they made and it's getting a lot of blowback there in the u.s. even domestically i mean it's not just internationally some prominent u.s. republicans have been criticizing this decision by the u.s. administration claire saying that it's simply not the right target but the larger
issue is overcapacity in china right why isn't that being addressed or is it. that's right it is interesting to see that lawmakers from even within donald trump's own party have come out with some very strong words against this a rare moment of bipartisan bipartisan criticism of the president because it's wildly it's widely agreed that that china dumping that cheap steel on the market is a problem these u.s. lawmakers say that it doesn't make sense to go after key u.s. allies like the european union mexico and canada and partners that could very well be needed in any kind of future negotiations with china are certainly needed to solve some of the biggest and most pressing foreign policy issues that the united states is facing today just briefly before we go bad for germany here but this could get worse in fact because coupled with this announcement we also had donald trump saying that there is no separate trade investigation into automotive imports
tell us more about that. yes indeed the steel tariffs on that's serious for the european and the german economy but if trump doesn't retaliate again by imposing tariffs on column makers that would really hit especially the german economy very seriously because the exports of cause to the united states run into the hundreds of thousands per year it's a matter of billions of dollars involved so if it gets to that stage then things will become really tough really serious and that's something that germany is trying to avoid at all costs almost certainly going to be continuing pressure to continue negotiations to continue talking and that's in fact what german politicians apart from their anger have been saying again and again in the last twenty four hours all of the diplomats very busy at this hour hans browne with the latest from berlin also clare richardson in washington and max hoffmann with the view from brussels thank you so much all of you. so that's the views from around the world but now
we're going to get a look at the numbers in fact and while all of that calculates there's so many aspects of course to do this but the numbers play a very big role let's remember that village trying to sightsee imbalanced trade is the right thing to say here you can see the reasoning behind. it it's the e.u. and if they create a signal to the united states. if these billion euros to the e.u. countries last year in return you countries exported a lot more of around three hundred seventy six billion euros to the united states and that means the e.u. economy gained around one hundred twenty billion euros from trade in goods with the united states and this does not include surfaces where the u.s. and substantially income from europe but donald trump wants to take the good balance if you like to his favor with the terrorists he has imposed today at
brussels meanwhile as a red state in the retaliation and what does all of this need for the german industry and for german business well that is something that remains to be seen but certainly many economists say the protective tariffs that the u.s. has initiated on steel from its allies are actually meant for china which has been subject to the terrorists and smart which produces far more steel and it can use china's trying to negotiate its way out of the threat of high a terrorist for a wide range of products holding out the threat of counter terrorism products from the u.s. including soybeans that american promise a business with china is too big to fail. so the bill comes out of the the sea and puts on the lateral. ropes for. fred davis is proud of the soybeans he crows on his farm in ohio it's been a good business the high demand has made so i've been smaller profitable than other
crops. so the soybean is raised for the protein side and then when it's crushed is what they call it when it's manufactured it has. the. oil that comes out of it which we can use for a mcdonald's for frying french fries or we actually run our tractors on it because we use biodiesel. soybeans corn wheat french davis manages his farm together with his stepson and like many farmers here he relies on foreign markets for his business china buys roughly sixty percent of all u.s. soybean exports therefore davis says he's worried about the trade dispute with china. and that's what hurts us is the american farmer because we've developed this this trade with china that it's taking the twenty years the build
because actually twenty years ago they exported soybeans and now there are largest customer the import soybeans they import about fourteen billion dollars worth of soybeans a year. falling prices eroding market share is sometimes a rumor it's enough says gray today that he wants presidents trump to negotiate with china to protect us into lecture will property and manufacturing interests but more than anything he wants to keep his farm it's already affected farmers around here there's a lot of smaller farmers that you know worked in town but yet farmed on the side that it's got to the point where they can't make a living on it and they've got all the sixpence breaker putting that crop out and they're not getting that return on the dollar so there's been a lot of small farm sales already. many farmers here in rural midwest voted for
trump in twenty sixteen he thinks outside the box that's david sounds just like. now they hoped he would really reach a deal with china knowing that the consequences of a trade war would be devastating. well let's concentrate on the possible trade war now between the u.s. and europe and especially what it could mean for german business so let's bring in folk attire is the chief economist of the association of german chambers of commerce and industry and is that of course you're the body that represents the german business worldwide with us tariffs now activated does this mean a nightmare scenario has come true for you. we are in the middle of a conflict i would say this is another step having received no new sanctions against iran against russia affected less the american
companies more the european and german companies having received some due to this against china and other duties tariffs steel and i'm in your other countries so this is another step and it's a very very in step of course so you say that those tariffs are just part of of a bigger picture of a bigger plan but nevertheless if we break it down those terrorists do have an impact we talk about twenty five percent on steel twenty five ten percent on the million imported were exported from europe to the united states which industry sectors are actually affect it. first of all it will affect. german european steel and the minion producers but they sell their products to the u.s. and the biggest demand is it specially from german car producers having invested in the u.s. employing more than one hundred thousand people in their companies in their
subsidiaries and at the end of the day it will we will see it in the price for the consumers who those who will buy the cars and that means that the burden sharing will be between those groups and it will affect and it will make less in less attractive u.s. production locations so you mean those terrorists at the end would hurt the american market absolutely. so is that basically said that german business and steel produces a million producers even car makers should they just sort of basically sit and wait and say eventually it'll hurt them and then everything will change. the thing is we don't know what is the grand strategy behind all that maybe it is in order to reduce the large trade deficit of the u.s.
. against other major partners like the european union or something like that in times where we live globalization digitalisation ultimate decision it is absolutely nonsense to create new barriers to create new walls between countries and in between kompany these who do want to shift their products and preliminaries and the goods and services from one market to the other so that will affect also us production locations but what is really worrying is that it seems so that the driver of multinational multilateral approach in order to have better rules of the game for international trade is leaving right tire there chief economist of the association of german chambers of commerce and industry and the body still digesting what's happened here thank you so much for this. the worker seems like
pain for everyone absolutely well. pain fades i was told when i was a kid ok everybody because it's always trying to come up with the silver lining monica thank you. but i would like to get a quick check of some other stories that have been making news around the world and the united states victims of sex abuse by the catholic church have reached a two hundred ten million dollars settlement with an archdiocese in the state of minnesota the money will be split among some four hundred fifty people abused by priests in the area the israeli military has released footage of what it says was an interception of a palestinian vessel off the coast of the gaza strip on tuesday two boats carrying students and medical patients set sail from gaza city support headed for cyprus. the spanish prime minister mariano rajoy looks set to be forced out of office today after the opposition scheduled a vote of no confidence against him the opposition socialist tabled the motion
after mr norcross choice party was implicated in a corruption scandal. nearly three months after inconclusive elections that have seen a coalition deal collapse and rise again italy now appears to be headed for a populist government the right wing likud party and the n.t.'s definition five star movement have reached a compromise to govern under a political novice giuseppe conti but united mainly by euro skeptic ideals the two party coalition could yet prove a headache for brussels. it was the moment here it had been waiting for italy's president to rather finally inking a mandate for prime minister designate to be contained to put together a new government it follows a last ditch attempt by the country's two main populist forces to form a coalition after matter around a last weekend to the pig for economy minister. what it is we
will root intensely to realize i'm a political objectives which we had already put together in our government contract that out. we will work with determination to improve the quality of life for to tell you. an untested alliance will bring together the anti immigrant league party and the anti establishment five star movement. under kaante as prime minister the new cabinet will include league party chief and anti migration hardline m r t o salvage any as interior minister five star leader luigi to my of his championed guaranteed basic income for the poor takes the labor minister portfolio. and paolo savona rejected by the president as two years skeptic for the post of economy minister now becomes minister for european affairs italians reacted with relief but also
a degree of resignation. it's a bit confusing i hope the agree on things because i can't stand it anymore the country needs certainty security and equilibrium. you i think. will do well for the country. and if they don't they can't be any worse than the previous government of the world to me. so now the announcement has come fears of fresh elections in italy both at home and abroad but with their ambitious anti austerity program and promises to rein in the e.u. the next steps by italy's new populist coalition are sure to be watched very closely by brussels. and for more let's bring in barbara faisal who is standing by with the latest from rome and barbara we heard there from some italian voters anaphora port confusion but also some optimism
a march elections to the league and the five star movement and particularly they want to see this government in office because the last days when you talk to people in the streets here what everybody is. it is we voted for these people now we want to see them we want to see them govern and then if that fails. all to bed this is what we what we choose and that was a very it's a that it was a democratic choice and that's like the most popular sentiment but what we also heard like the desire for for security and for certainty that is rather not likely to come out of this government because the two parties who are not united cheer in this mismatched coalition have really nothing in common so i think as soon as they have settled into parliament and the governing palace the infighting will begin and so people here in italy are in for some more difficult and probably chaotic times expected because i mean as we've we've been talking over the past week the prime
minister i mean his political novice he's a newcomer on the same how about the rest of his cabinet though barbara. it's not only the prime minister who's a newcomer i mean an unknown law professor from a roman university and then the next thing is we have a finance minister who is a totally unknown economics professor from another roman university when his came up name came up yesterday everybody started googling furiously who for heaven's sake is need to be nobody ever heard of him and the only thing you could find is that he's probably euro friendly but that's about it so what you have here is a government of novices these people who come into office here in italy was a. country it was a lot of inbred problems of administration of corruption of public failing public services is just people have never organize so much as a town hall. meantime barbara the a time president initially blocking this government because you know we have the
nomination of this euro skeptic as as economy minister apollo seven now apparently he's slated to be the e.u. minister does the e.u. need to be worried. not really i mean that's the little nasty hand gesture that materials salvini the leader of the league made to. the president you know you wouldn't let me have my cell phone as finance minister know you're going to get him as europe minister but they don't have a lot of power so this is just a gesture towards brussels and towards the president you really it doesn't mean that much but it's shows you how this government is going to start with a fight five available in rome thank you. to tennis now at the french open where a former champion had her work cut out to make rounds three of the grand slam the unseated to rina williams trailed by
a set but fought back to take her match against ashley barty and three in three sets rather meantime in the men's draw top seed rafael nadal is through after another straight set when the spaniard is in fine form and looks on course for an eleventh title on the paris clay. well to track and field now and an american sprinter ronnie baker has shown that he is the man to beat in the one hundred meters by upset in his compatriot chris coleman for the second time and the baker pulled away at the diamond league stop in rome and he put up the best time for of the season so far that's nine point one three seconds coleman had put up just before the finish earlier on thursday a record setting come from behind performance by qatar's top hurdles athlete that was. who ran past world champion carsten war home of norway to win the four hundred meter hurdles samba ran the fastest event time in nearly a decade and set
a diamond me record. a quick reminder now the top stories that we've been following for you here at the united states has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum from three of its closest allies the european union canada and mexico all three nations have vowed to retaliate with tariffs on american goods touching off fears of a trade war. and italy's two main populist parties have reached a coalition deal after months of political deadlock and after first abandoning his bed just to be continued said to be sworn in today as prime minister. and with that you're up to date on news i'm sarah kelly in berlin thank you so much for watching i hope to see kids.
international talk show for journalists discuss the topic of the week twenty five years ago a racist style some attack on the house of a turkish family in the german city of soling done left two women and three girl standing fourteen others injured the question is does germany change since then find out shortly one hundred. three go in sixty minutes on d w. playbook looking for the white house playground is shaking the judge about the foods your favorite place. in the exhibit the fattening to bring down the turkey to overhaul took it to the entire country the champion of the free and fairly good for the last sixty years douglas for minds. much of it.
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