tv Check-in - From gray to green Essens transformation Deutsche Welle June 9, 2018 8:02am-8:30am CEST
can you guess where i am today. i'm in the third greenest city in germany and surprisingly it's. a city that mined coal and produced steel for more than one hundred fifty years. as seen actually became the european green capital for two thousand and seventeen how did it do it. as it lies at the heart of a former industrial region which means it is difficult for the city as a tourist destination to compete against other places with have to merge houses castles or palaces in a city like you have to know what you're looking. before you can discover the real
gems on offer and that's what i'm about to do. in addition to industrial sites i'll be going out into nature. then it's on to this in our view video this week comes from paris. and look trust us to finish takes us to the city of shiraz in iran. that sort of find was once the world's largest and most modern coal mining complex . twelve thousand tons of coal were mines here every day the coal plant was closed down in one thousand nine hundred six. i want to go up on the roof to get there i have to go through the belly of this rusty giant. from up here you can see how huge
this complex is over there was the cooking plant when it shut down in one thousand nine hundred four it was the biggest facility in europe. that so far and coal mine is the landmark of essen and stands for an era now gone forever from the woodville the last hit will close in two thousand and eighteen that so far i'm is a place which forms a bridge between the present and the past so if you want to get to grips with this is the location to begin your city walking tour. at one point there were plans to tear all these buildings down or dismantle them and sell them abroad. people are glad that didn't happen. that often and is now an industrial historical monument and a unesco world heritage site.
it's a setting that poses fascinating questions. how does the colliery work what's a coking plant and what happens in a coal washer e. . these questions are answered on daily guided tours. right in the middle is what must be the most refreshing art installation in the rural valley the complex swimming pool and it's very. above it the sun wheel turns with its gondolas for visitors. here in the decommissioned coking plant coal was converted into coke at temperatures of over a thousand degrees celcius. the coking plant only glows red these days when it's lit up for the open air cinema films are screened against this industrial backdrop all summer long. in the rural
museum you can find out all about the history of the rural region from the origins of mining to the present day it sees itself not as an ordinary museum but instead as the region's living memory. and. it's now been thirty years since the last workers clocked out. and it's hard to imagine that this place was once filled with noise and heat. over the years nature has reclaimed the complex. a dense forest has emerged without human intervention. it's all fine coal mine has become much more than an industrial monument. it's a recreation area for the people of s. .
if you arrive in essence by train you get out in the middle of the pedestrian precinct s. and is known for its hundreds of stores the city center is an open air shopping mall so from time to time you need a break it's said that in essence you're never more than three hundred meters from a green space i'm going to ask around. question was the worst the nearest park or garden. was here the worst your favorite green area here i'm doing this is our google park it's not right around the corner but it is in essence. where's your favorite garden or pork i know it's gorgeous there didn't like all my brain island and here. that guy city garden behind the main station. can i ask you where your favorite
park is it's almost a father was not rational it's a conservation area zip into. the summer is that in essence not as in this one yes i live there. thanks ben let me ask you where is your favorite park spot for me in the city garden up there it's got a beautiful lake and. i like it. like bob my space he actually. and an even better tip for old timers out. he has packed hesper valley railway runs along in the countryside at a comfy pace. and good nuclear. thanks let's go pretty. well those were some useful hints so. we have created
a best of list. the locals just call it. in one thousand nine hundred eighty nine this was where the first garden exhibition in germany took place the residents immediately took lucille flowers to their hearts and the love affair has continued to this day. three thousand one hundred hectares of forest seven hundred eighteen green spaces. three hundred seventy six kilometers of cycle paths and twenty six really nature of . essen is the third greenest city in germany. how can a city that was once a mining center be so green. people recognized early on that they needed places to relax and recover from their back breaking work in the mine.
in the early twentieth century the city board wasteland in the south of s. and planted trees on it the city forest was created. the city garden is even older in eighteen eighty one wealthy residents got together into nature park to the city. it was first public green space in the region. this park belongs to the village the former residents of the corp industrialist family at some point they fled the noise and dirt of the city and built themselves a house with a garden in the countryside actually more of a shatter it had two hundred nine. sixty nine rooms you can visit it and learn about the history of the corp steel company and family in the mansion's permanent exhibition. lake
biden i stretches out below the villa who view the world a river is dammed up here for eight kilometers. the excursion boats of the white fleet sail from shore to shore. there are places to lounge about. and plenty of water sports to enjoy. the white sand on a seaside beach complete the feeling of summer. but what about the city's disused industrial sites. by the they've been turned into new attractive residential areas green spaces like the park of one of europe's biggest steel factories once stored here now there is an artificial lake. and bike paths.
seven hundred trees have been planted there are supports facilities and a meadow. park is estens newest mom. and the greening of estimate is far from over. the city dreams of a green urban belt right through its center. the transformation continues. there moments calling i'm on my way to the top of shooting bust keep. them slack heaps are made up of waste from mining rocks and gravel that were dug up and later piled up a bit like giant molehills. and now many of them are covered in greenery. while i'm trying to get up here you can take
a trip to another world totally different and exotic our check in globetrotter us the finish has been to iran and visited the town of here us this is history of a report. the start of the korean historical old town with the but she did not speak and the fear. of. the vacuum mosque was built between seven hundred fifty one and seven hundred seventy three during the zonda period. under the rule of car in khan shiraz became the capital of persia and seven hundred sixty two. more than twelve thousand workers were employed to construct the royal district. so talking about cutting common was constant and should encourage under seventeen
hundreds we're now that's the kind of time citadel and east used to be the living quarters of this guy up to that. car in khan invited the best architects and artists of the time to design the citadel which took just a single year to build. just one thing and she writes you should get up really early fall just in the mosque lot of people ask why i will show you. the numbers here almost mosque is also known as the pink mosque because so many pink tiles were. used in its interior. it's best to visit very early in the morning because that's the only time the sun shines through all the stained glass windows. that.
no trip through us would be complete without paying a visit to come up with one of the greatest treasures i would say and will also influence a lot of europe and i would such as good at least from here he's from she writes. a lot about a one hour drive from the rest of iraq that's the country's most important unesco world heritage site as he put this which means the city of the passions that used to be the ceremony capital of pascha from five hundred fifty to three hundred back until alexander the great destroyed it is believed that he destroyed it by fire and this was an act of revenge for the parents destroying the acro put his net in one hundred fifty years before that.
nothing illegal slave like at least. missing the sunni comes was just small to climb slate tomatoes played nothing for. me to come to some feet is fashion average contact they find each other have some expect and lots at times all right was it. i've made it to the top off sure the bus lackey it looks like a lunar landscape. from up here you can see the last bit still in operation. this place is fascinating somehow mystical.
and right in the middle of it there is an artwork. it's a sculpture by american artist richard serra sixty seven tons of rolled steel. in the war district there are more than thirty slick heaps you can visit all close to each other and a lot of them and all sport works of art on top they are perfect destinations for a bike trip you can use a well developed system of cycling routes and soon there will be germany's first bicycle autobahn. you need to do quite a bit of paddling here but it's worth it at an elevation of one hundred fifty nine metres annulus like keeping but tarp is one of the highest observation points in the area. until all of it is an art installation made of railroad ties the work is by basque artists who steam.
twelve hundred kilometers of bike trails run through the rural region often a long disused train lines that once linked industrial sites tourists on bicycles are often astonished at what's on offer. by this there are lots of surprisingly just through greenery scorn reordered community all for the combination of industrial history social history and an amazing amount of green. riding through here you don't notice the cities at all. and jimmy reed is in the works r s one the new bicycle auto plant it will eventually stretch one hundred kilometers from. east to west across the region. here it runs right along the lines of the former mining railways to.
the present day railway is to the left of it for commuters the r s one is meant to be a real alternative to car travel. in a metropolitan area where five million people live that's a good idea. melanie who commutes on the r s one almost every day she's a tour guide. if you cycle just a few kilometers on the new route it's easy to see how much has changed in the past few years the trip is full of contrasts. and also ahead. of outsiders just c.s. and the rural regions and maps don't show much greener. no one suspects it's here even though s. news germany's third greenest city street isn't but after half an hour of cycling when we've left the city and around the railway line most people say they have never believed it. and cycling here takes you
to some of the most interesting places in essen and the rural valley and almost no time. only sections of the bicycle autobahn have been completed so far and it will take a few years before you can pedal the entire one hundred kilometers. but people are certainly enjoying what's already there. yes in vicious plans in the next few years this city wants to become even greener. that's the specially true in northern essen which it's working class districts and former industrial sites. m p s keepa is a landscape architect shaping this transformation.
as a landscape architect your redesign brownfield sites where ellen cole park which you designed what ideas did you start out with. i'm going above all to create space for people. to open what has been inaccessible for years and really make it green. if you create greenery there has to be water we see that here in the background. for everything to work the ground has to work with the ground is the body for the water is the sole and this lovely green is a stress. was great for decades but it was made green and is becoming still greener can you give me a few examples of the ecological or sustainable projects involved before. recently people began swimming in the rural again. and that's
a challenge to enable people to swim unlike bald and i in the ruhr. and to do that in an industrial city invited me to be in on that transformation and make the city flow again from north to south for the future. we're here in the north shaped by industry and then in the south it's hilly. there's the villa hugo one of the many examples you then like the room linking those with each other linking these contrasts dots and that includes the industrial heritage and innovative landscape architecture do you think and how can other cities learn from this principle of going from greater green i'm thinking of cities like detroit or pittsburgh which also have an industrial past. yes in america they talk of the city beautiful movement free money advice from us if you no longer know what to do then you beautified. you lay out parks people did that one hundred years ago and they're
doing it again and estan is a role model that metaphor from great to green is now so established that people come from brazil mexico moscow china and of course the u.s. . to see what we've done in finding. would be what do you see as the strong points of the city. it does these others not everything is close to everything else. the friendly beautiful south the old housing estates all rough north which also shouldn't be pretty fond of me but should live with its wrinkles and blooms mission this mixing of cultures creates a new culture. it's not only old industrial heritage increasingly it's becoming a melting pot a new global culture. a final question what's your personal favorite green place and. he mentioned it well as always want both we want to civilization the
city that gives a security but we also want to feel close to nature we have places dear to us mine is a wonderful place. in my secret love. i think of our time it's a good. it's a restaurant called family. slightly hidden with a great view and so secret enclosed that you just have to love them on the. ok thank you very much i keep going i think. and now we head for a city which is for a lot of people the most beautiful city in the world paris our viewer katharina from my orca has spent her whole days there and sent us this video thanks get
i have really earned one of these. somehow it all goes together cold steel and the fact that people here love to drink beer beer is definitely the drink in the region it's made of a lot of meat if you look at. if you want to meet the locals you're most likely to do that in a pub or beer garden like this one. i have to admit i am surprised by s. and i half expect its industrial heritage but not so many green spaces this city doesn't stand still there's something going on and you can actually see that i'm.
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