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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  June 12, 2018 1:30am-2:01am CEST

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changes and most start with small steps. to years tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use the term climate used to green energy solutions reforestation. interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and when to turn and to build something new for the next generation. to use the multimedia environment series on t.w. . the disrupter in chief meets the nuclear provocative or will they produce the biggest breakthrough for peace on the korean peninsula in seven decades the face off is now i'm sorry kelly and this is the day.
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they will be met with five years of fury. like the world has never see. the entire united states is within range of our nuclear weapons and a nuclear button is always on my desk and book it to me those are seeking to break out of the dangerous cycle that's created so much concern last year we've had eight international agreements in the past with north korea where they first promised never to build nuclear weapons and then promised to give up the weapons they promised never to build in the first place and all have failed. the north korean regime will. say they do not have nuclear weapons. and mr trump will want complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula or have the one done with you and takes the pressure off to have more than one meeting because if you made it all about one beating the chances of a failure would be would be too serious i think being able leave things for future
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beatings having a process start up is going to bode good for everybody the ultimate objective we seek from diplomacy with north korea has not changed the completely verifiable and irreversible denuclearization of the korean peninsula is the only outcome that the united states will accept. they are two of the world's most provocative and controversial leaders but can u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong un do what no leader before them has managed to do for the past seven decades break the hostility and most recently the threat of nuclear confrontation between their two countries at this hour all eyes are on singapore where the summit of the year is taking place trump wants kim to denuclearize and kim wants trump to get u.s. forces off of the korean peninsula neither have a reputation for compromise it's been called the biggest reality show on the planet and the road to get there has been unprecedented and at times strange our coverage
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begins with this report. from foes to friends the road to the historic summit in singapore has been more than a little rocky. an exchange of insults followed after north korea repeatedly tested long range missiles infuriating the u.s. president little rocket man little rocket man rocket man is a sick puppy. when pyongyang announced an august last year it was close to developing a missile capable of reaching the u.s. trump responded with a threat of biblical proportions. they will be met with fire and fury. like the world has never seen. kim jong un oncet by calling the u.s. president and mentally deranged oton. and the war of words culminated in
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a contest over who had the biggest nuclear button. but then in february a change of cheering on the ice between north and south korea thought at the winter olympics n.p.r. news extended an invitation to donald trump i'll be meeting with kim jong un in the coming weeks at the end of a truth the leaders of north and south korea met for the first time kim jong un crossed into the south. and when jay in crossed into the north they agreed to have continued theorising the korean peninsula. and they pyongyang extended another all of branch and released three american prisoners i think he did this because i really think he wants to do stop thing again two weeks later kim jong un appeared to make good on a promise detonating parts of his own or nuclear testing site. then
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washington threw a curveball citing hostility and recent north korean comments. decided to terminate the planned summit in singapore in june twelfth first just one day later and now the turnaround the meeting might be back on trump's explanation. everybody you know that. drew flurry of diplomatic activity including a visit by a top north korean envoy to the one chance plans for the historic summit with them don't. know the world is waiting to see who they are in the first face to face meeting the two leaders can move on from that time rich rick and produce meaningful results. let's get more now on the stork summit very unclear richardson is standing by she joins us from washington so claire president trump he boasted that he will know immediately whether
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a deal can be reached with kim are these leaders were going to north korea certainly not winning it remember this was ultimately at the behest of kim jong un and they will have been watching very closely to see the u.s. president and his weaknesses going into this meeting remember they've had decades of dealing with american negotiators and manipulating them in these talks throughout the past so they're going into this meeting very well for paired and it's absolutely possible that kim jong un could end up playing donald trump like a fiddle and increasing the risk of war that could kill thousands or millions of people that being said this is trying to trademark style he takes pride in the fact that he's an unpredictable leader that he's an unconventional president and strong man and he really credits the fact that kim jong un was even willing to come to the negotiating table to his earlier strongman tactics so any kind of agreement that they can come up with from this talk even if it's a generic statement to say that they are willing to work towards denuclearization or some kind of peace process it is likely to be hailed as a victory simply because the expectations for such
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a meeting are so low and with the stakes so high as you've just articulated there i want to talk a little bit more about trump style because i mean ultimately he was elected there in the u.s. on a ticket of isolationism so why is diplomacy with north korea seemingly so important to him. well he needs to show that he's able to get something done that after all this talk about this historic meeting the first time that a u.s. president is meeting a north korean leader a sitting u.s. president i should say. you know you've already heard chants from his supporters in the united states saying that he deserves a nobel peace prize for these efforts he wants to see the positive press of some kind of success coming out of this meeting and more than anything a large part of trump's philosophy in office is to do things that previous presidents have not done before particularly if that is president barack obama and we know that going out of office obama warns trump that north korea was one of the thorniest foreign policy issues for the united states and trump would certainly
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rebel in the chance to kind of show him up and show that he could actually meet with the leader and extract some kind of concessions or even a substantively meaningless deal that looks good in the press and we've already heard the line that rhetoric coming out of the administration saying that they've made progress even more quickly than than they anticipated everyone was really speculating that the meeting might go into overtime but you know given that progress that the u.s. has announced president trump said that he will be leaving the meeting early what are we to make of that claire. well they're certainly not going to be able to hash out any meaningful details in just one day of the meaning of a meeting you said that they have said that they are making more progress more quickly than expected but we haven't seen any kind of concrete agreement that would that would address what secretary of state has said is ultimately the goal of these meetings between the u.s. and north korea which is the complete and verifiable and irreversible
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denuclearization of the peninsula and it does seem that perhaps even on this issue there is there remains a wide gap between what the north koreans and what the americans think that term even means the u.s. the u.s. believes that denuclearization would involve clearing the entire korean peninsula of nuclear weapons whereas the north has suggested in its actions in the past that this would not just be about the peninsula but also about the united states entire ability to reach north korea with nuclear weapons from any of its overseas bases so huge gaps remain between the two sides as we go into these negotiations and this meeting. that again is going to be a amazing photo opportunity and a historic summit but we haven't actually seen any concrete assurances of what kind of thing what kind of result we're going to see out of the meeting and exactly all eyes waiting to see if those gaps can in fact be bridged claire richardson with the very latest on this summit thank you. and this is store
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a summit is being held at the luxurious capella hotel in sentosa island off the coast of singapore a world away u.s. analysts are taking stock of what it could be going on behind those closed doors and as our next report shows most of them are cautiously optimistic with an emphasis on cautiously. well their meeting be more than a photo op a breakthrough or a disaster times decision to hold the summit called friends and foes off guard and blindsided his own aides proving once again how unpredictable this us president is it is good that this summit is taking place says mark to a caller a former state department official and an expert on korea to cola sees it as a chance for diplomacy and things it is promising that president trump suggested this could be the start of a longer process that takes the pressure off to have more than one meeting because if you made it all about one meeting the chances of failure would be would be too
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serious i think being able leave things for future meetings having a process start up is going to be good for everybody. trump caught in needs his efforts with south korea japan and china but alternately he relies on himself president says he's a master dealmaker and doesn't need much preparation and extremely on the usual approach towards such difficult talks trumps all for sanctions relief and economic growth in return put it in you clear ization of north korea but is that enough we've try it before says bruce clinger the former cia deputy division chief for korea clean there doesn't trust the regime in pyongyang. we've had eight international agreements in the past with north korea where they first promised never to build nuclear weapons and then promised to give up the weapons or promise never to build in the first place and all have failed were we're hopeful that this time will be different but i think we do have to be pragmatic about. trump says the
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summit is about building a relationship with kim but he also promises to walk out of the meeting if it's not fruitful the truth is this is a gamble and no one knows how it's going to turn out. and we are about to get the view now on the summit from chung in moon professor for global strategy at the university of california and co convener of the asia pacific leadership network for nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament is also a special advisor to south korean president in the area of foreign affairs and national security the german public broadcaster a r d spoke with him about the role played by south korea in bringing about the kim trump summit they began with an analysis of an on again off again nature of the summit. here's. just a drop through turns to scan through to a sewer and then we to make sure we are in the south korea and north korea
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trying to push through every country we reach the south korean president he didn't seem to have a clue he didn't have any clue and. meantime six north korean leader was good when they couldn't see him. and he turned sixty and there was a mostly self in. the commotion kind do some kinds of consensus. and help president move bring the message through trial and by the person trampling you saying to if you're in the soup bowl. made fifteen to one board strongly suggesting the possibility you know of and then for. instance he needs. to get one could say the best chance to do it
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was simply how do you know he wanted to be bush usually equal for you want to some kind of mutual respect the horse would put us into a very clear message from washington we are there. for you. we are begging you for the bush if you feel you can do any good so you said the north signal we're not backing for that meeting for sure so what reward ever well that was exactly what trumps what mr trans advisor would be giuliani said yet. joel was begging to have the meeting and he was on his knees in his hands not yet ready made a wrong. i think he read the thread great north koreans. yes and then because of the mouse. this is a city that is still is still double trouble as he claims or as to the id claim in
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a stronger position compared to the pain generally. at the negotiation table now because natural america has more than a thousand you can have bombs however north korea has an emotive turn capability but it doesn't matter no matter how powerful us one moment no matter how frezza north korea even when they have a negotiation they should have a mutual respect that is the most important key to success of negotiations so what could be the first option on the table we give you that and we get that in reverse using. nuclear bombs therefore this is a present trump would be asking him to get rid of the nuclear bomb and i said mia but if you do that i mean all the law all at once or not is up to doing the washing
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and then us will be saying that look you had more than twenty there couldn't pick any of the big ok but even north korea makes a very fundamental post that i'm going to be about nuclear bombs at the beginning. then there will be a big progress but for concessions you know if and now you hold the pen up in what the president trump was to give to north korea in return what would that be. recognition of the north korean system or in that their current pickle or a declaring the end of the korean war on the korean peninsula what non-aggression treaty. even normally jaisha of course and people make nomination would point side with the complete barry file an irreversible dismantling of nuclear weapons and methods and facilities then may come to the us but if north korea shows
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a very sincere attitude toward the de-nuclearization normally dition can go ahead. completely in a new condition of north korea. so some interesting ideas that we're hearing there from the german public broadcaster let's get more now we're joined here in the studio are marcus climb a security analyst from the german institute for international and security affairs welcome to marcus good to be here what do you make of what we just heard there are both of these parties approaching this summit from a position of mutual respect and who might have the upper hand i think first glance the united states seems to be the stronger party in the negotiations but at the end of the day it's about how to the need to lower denuclearize north korea and if you turn the perspective around the think it's pretty obvious that north korea is in a strong position how can you get rid of the nuclear weapons of north korea it must be a mixture of economic incentives sanction relieved. support of the infrastructure diplomatic
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sanctions and so on and so on and so on therefore it will be very difficult for the united states to be to create some kind of package which is attractive to north korea so now we have a situation where these two leaders are going to be in a room together we're told that they will be alone save for perhaps a few of their translators trying to get a deal done we've never seen anything like this before is it a good idea i don't think so but it's not. because i think this summit will who will. fight so many details in the process how to deal negro group d. need group in arise north korea which are very important and which should be carefully prepared by the provider diplomatic advises but here we have a view as president bush has clearly stated in the head of the summit he does not need any kind of preparation which would have fields
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a little bit uncomfortable for all observers like me here therefore i think it's not a good idea and i think it fits into the broader from a broad front policy approach of donald trump and he. he's the only one who is capable to make a deal because it's never been done before all of those advisers that you're talking about i mean arguably they have failed in the past seven decades because they have not been able to come up with a lasting peace with some harmony between these two we also know for example though that there are many other actors who are involved and i want to turn to two countries in particular south korea of course and a firm ally of the united states and china which is on the north korean side and neither of them are at the table today is that a mistake i think it's not a mistake so far because it's the diplomatic process instructions and just thought it was going to start a couple of hours and then started as a bilateral long do you negotiation between the north korean financing it's i think
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everybody is aware that whatever will become predictable has to be embedded in some kind of regional security arrangement all even secret aki taked think of any withdrawal of u.s. troops from north korea this from south korea all it needs just a troop reduction. think of any involvement of japan in sanctions from the fall of korea so any anything but a is going to be accomplished here and soon for these delays on the next weeks and months has to be part of a broader approach of the regional security system and all that and all the asian markets crime with an analysis of what's ahead at this summit thank you so much thank you. well north and south koreans have gone their separate ways since the armistice ended in the korean hostilities or rather end of the korean hostilities in one thousand fifty three a japanese photographer has taken a series of portraits of people on both sides of the demarcation line and similar
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motifs depict somewhere lives but the surroundings prosperous south impoverished north could hardly hardly seem more different the idea is simple the results however astonish. you what you don't know what they're going to do you know every country has its own rules that people live by most just the way it is i don't want to judge what's right or what's wrong not to do when you're in a snit. or who is happy or unhappy. north korea on the left juxtaposed with south korea on the right so similar yet so
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different. could do the single ethnicity of people who speak the same language and share similar names but have been divided for seventy years and lead completely different lives in two different societies what i know was have i got one too on this and. he she has photos series is called border korea it explores the two separate realities on either side of the border formed by the thirty eighth parallel the pictures taken on a dozen trips to the south and seven to the north are simple and intimate. i mean the dickens not this it's good timing for this exhibition given the current developments but i don't think i'd regard the pictures only in that context they wanted also you're ok now looking you are of course people are influenced by big political events and you don't they go get a modest but these pictures show that people live life at their own pace that's
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what kind of editor the photos portray ordinary people at various stages of life threatening psychic school children married couples all senior citizens i try to capture moments in a cycle thing you are in a lifetime through the doors having to do this kind of. the photographer worked under both systems and social backdrops. although he had much more difficulty in the north. he had less time on his hands there and was always monitored especially during interaction with his subjects. home once i spotted this girl in a park she was roller blading i asked if i could photograph her and she said yes you. do then talk but do so on this. picture was paired with this
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teenager from south korea. to first find his motifs in the north. the similarities are often striking although those portrayed sometimes disagree. human and. start off in no i was surprised that the girl on the right wasn't particularly enthusiastic about the north korean counterpart she just said so that's what she looks like ok one of them and i'd expected her to say something like oh i'm with the same. major but with totally different of the she just didn't go than to. to book. in this case. the project started in two thousand and nine as talks on north korea's nuclear program were collapsing.
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last year south korea elected a liberal president who has brought new momentum to relations between north and south korea. many see this as a turning point. so they must have gone a bit confused by all the momentous changes underway you know consider to model the meisner and was able to do this project because the two countries are so different but the good to go kind of if they grow closer my idea wouldn't work as well the book to be honest i'm glad i managed to do it when i did there my. money yet they were cut out to you know i suppose it's not the whole of. the unification between north and south korea it's still hard to imagine he she does audience already has a hard time telling comes from earlier. on the day is nearly done but don't forget as after the conversation continues online
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you can find us on twitter either at t w news my handle is at sarah kelly t.v. and don't forget you can use the hash tag a day this is live from berlin we thank you so much for joining us and don't forget we have a news update every hour on the hour. will
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the north korea u.s. summit happen a little poker game. the two sides will have to overcome decades of hostility. stoked by an unpredictable u.s. foreign policy and a family of dictators united by one obsession. getting the tomahawk.
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in transport. all the line find out what you can do today at redraw the lines out all. this is a w. news live from berlin. power play in singapore the world awaits for the landmark meeting between u.s. president donald trump and north korea's kim jong un as the day begins in singapore trump says talks between officials are off to a good start but it's only the meeting that matters meanwhile kim says he's already learning from his rare trip abroad.

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