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tv   Made in Germany - The future of work  Deutsche Welle  June 13, 2018 6:30pm-7:00pm CEST

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spending time so tell me. how he would get it out. with him carried out his series. this week on g.w. . when i first came to germany the dictionary was my best friend i used to write down every new what i learnt it was tedious but i knew i wouldn't get by my job without learning the language i had to change changing course that's what we're talking about on today's show it's not a for me by learning the word for squirrel ice in it sounds ugly doesn't it and
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such a cute creature i also had to learn the culture there that took even longer but that was when i integrated and finally understood the germans as well as their language from a very different perspective if saudi arabia wants to understand the rest of the world and profit from our interconnected global community it's going to have to make some big changes not just cosmetic ones like opening cinemas and allowing women to drive allowing women into the workforce is a huge step that will prove a massive economic stimulus they all depended saudis have been trying to wean themselves off crude production for a while now with oil prices still relatively low introducing reforms bit by bit moving away from their very cushy welfare state but they're in for a bumpy ride reports. how do you put on a headscarf it's my first time in saudi arabia in riyadh wearing a headscarf is mandatory. fits the thirty five degree sell side is if you've got to
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just do that right yeah yeah because it's really you know it's really hard. this is school work a recruitment company for saudi when. there is no gender in socks as it says right here at a little work but the strict segregation of gender is one of the biggest challenges to overcome even here at a global it females cannot mix with the opposite sex you see here in one room and women are separated working in another room. the founder of go work tells me separate places are set up for women to respect their privacy but he sounds greater interaction would actually improve the output the only thing that king is the social barrier of the communication gap between men and women once that's over then we'll start seeing more integration of women into the labor market the agency is defer stopped for international visitors wanting to meet women here probably name
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some foreign politicians this is frank. came to our office two years we have done mccain senator the agency connects saudi women with a retail consulting or manufacturing company and it wants to re brand the image of saudi women. living abroad and says that she's suppressed and if she cares about her country she would come back and do something about it because today is the time for change ma hollis mana wants to be part of that change she's one of the few willing to show her face on camera something that's traditionally considered indecent she's twenty four and in turn studying marketing i think it's difficult for everyone whether they're female or male so em. it's just because very new to this and we're trying to find jobs it's a king. it's the same i think i don't think there is much difference but there is one third of working age saudi women are all my employees that's nearly six times
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higher than the unemployment rate among men the country can't afford that saudi arabia's sudden focus on women is part of haitian twenty thirty a government plan to create jobs in the private sector and diversify the economy it can no longer rely on oil revenues alone prices and demand are more top saudi arabia needs to tap into new sectors like the service industry tourism and took knology i'm now in jeddah a city on the coast less conservative than riyadh it's more open to change here i can take off my headscarf progress in saudi arabia tends to happen here first take this taxi company for example it wants to hire female drivers though the barrel the women driving hasn't even been lifted yet i feel that the change has been happening too fast that no one is actually believing it you know and what used to be like a turbo on no no in the past is now just. legal and just plain
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so far every driver here is male as of july limit will finally be allowed to drive themselves. at the beginning are you still a get a lot of. concerns from our great captains they're like are we going to shut down you know. you know seventy percent of our customer base i'd woman i don't think this woman jogging would really impact the industry in saudi explore shing everywhere but segregation is miserable even in this elevator for women only it's a question of decency unmarried women are not supposed to mix with a myth. on the way to my next stop of course i'm not allowed to drive in saudi arabia a woman's independence depends largely on her male guardian's willingness to relinquish control and my driver doesn't mind that women will soon be allowed to drive.
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it's a good thing about it's their decision if they want to drive. maybe they need money now that she would like to work as a driver. while travelling through the kingdom i sense a lot of euphoria among women pursuing independence and greater self determination . this is seventeen year old north she wants to become a pilot one day for now she's working in a food truck her father encourages her to make her own money and being independent . so. how do you think about the future for women in saudi arabia. that's to increase the future will be good it will be more equal between men and women going to and women will be able to develop more than men. oh oh they've started to do some really good things for women again me in this stuff that
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said. listen to some music you like. or a strange feel like you don't know yet listening to music in public that's also new in saudi arabia it's only when the camera is off that these women dared to tell me that their level of freedom still depends on their male chaperons. another nation undergoing economic reforms is morocco a country waged between two continents africa and europe it's hard pleasing both but as a key crossing point morocco is crucial in controlling the stream of migrants from other parts of africa trying to reach europe to start a better life some escaping political unrest war economic downturns for moroccans finding a job at home can also be a struggle even with skills which is where occupational training can play a part. in general it's really hard to
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find a job in the whole of the so you like to be through school. because well for the country for young people and helpful it is not a lifetime job or something it will give them more experience about really work. because a moroccan term for bicycle and also the name of this project which has been going on for two years now bikes are giving young people the opportunity it really. is twenty two she studies english just like some of us here they've been working part time if you call it for around twelve months to do so you have to know bikes everyone here speaks english bikes combining the skills i want to improve my actions and my languages and also like to like. to learn something about u.k. . the project is based in the heart of historic america she. can tell you from the
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netherlands set up the social project she views bikes as a great way to get where you're going in every sense. sixty five percent of the population is on the d h r thirty one years old and there's a big number of youth that is unemployed and there's also like an education so what we're really trying to do is get them involved they're physically very strong they're active the bust was very sensible for this group of people and we want to create jobs and education opportunities related. to the bike and that is really corresponds with the. spirit of young people. taking part in the project for another reason as well. you know how to do with people with it or especially because well this is late to a sick city you know what to do with them to talk to them so it will help not only . marrakesh is
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a popular tourist destination but many visitors to the city tend to explore it by horse and carriage on the list of must see sights the famous square in the medina. the condo wants to get those tourists out and about with an attraction that mara cash has rarely offered before bike tours. some of the other guides here show their groups all the best known landmarks but also a side of the city they'd otherwise never see and that's drawing more and more fans . take their charges into the hustle and bustle of america to places where carriages and taxis never com. they relate stories of daily life that don't appear in guidebooks and bring them to some unusual locations. like this typical bakery which bakes the bread for the entire neighborhood it's a great place to just sit and gossip for a while. until now become
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a has received aid from the foundation but in the future the project organizers hope it will become self-supporting. that bike tours are growing increasingly popular. in two thousand and seventeen when we just do we tours it was very like we just like like we have to. for the whole week but nowadays we start like i think that's very well. thanks for everyone who like. to be in disposition. and the bike enthusiasm to pass on the idea other cities have already asked to set up programs there as well. succession. those it's worth pursuing new ideas. for hearing. from bicycle tours of america and female taxi drivers in saudi arabia to cruising
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the oceans of our planet but without leaving such a smelly carbon footprint behind if you've been on them before those cruise line is belch out a heap of smoke it's something the head of businessman weathercast the claridge confronted the boss of tour operator to a with they met up in the german capital. the brandenburg gate in berlin an ideal but drop in selfies and great shots a third of the visit and here are international tourists. in the e.u. and this is the million visitors descend on berlin every year so many fly here from the u.s. and from asia and they make their way here to perry's apply to see the brandenburg gate this is also home to. europe's largest tourism agency.
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isn't to resume on such a mass scale harmful to the environment. back to its of course a tourism company so when did you last take a vacation. last real holiday was last year when i took a cruise. it was wonderful i'm a big fan of christmas. also chief environmental officer were you constantly thinking about that on your crease checking if everything met the green standards you'd expect. sustainability plays a major role in the holiday experience and of course in planning. looking at our cruise ships today we have the most modern fleet in the industry. recording to
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a ranking by the german conservation n.g.o.s. are the most environmentally friendly in the industry they filter more toxic substances during combustion competitors lloyd and aida even so he receives one point five out of four points on their environmental ranking. do you think that customers are concerned whether a company is green or at least attempting to be environmentally friendly or does price play a greater role. i think sustainability is importance of people from most western countries that's a philosophy we take with us to our destination. and indeed according to a global study more than a third of respondents said they had stayed in an eco friendly hotel and more than two thirds would opt for green accommodation if it was clearly identified as such. but honestly wouldn't it be better if people didn't go on holiday if they stayed
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home and hung out on the balcony wouldn't that be best for the environment. no i don't think that at all. tourism is one of the most important sources of income for many countries around the world. it's vital of course that we work closely with destination countries. as a great example of. farmers they are now being helped to grow produce. sustainably which has given rise to the development of cooperatives. so just the result is that they produce enough wine and all of oil to supply the hotels. and this is a great example of marrying environmental sustainability and social responsibility to support the local economy. critics say that's green washing that in the industry of this scale with mass terrorism huge hotels high water consumption garbage can't be environmentally friendly what would you say. these are
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just buys words greenwashing as a buzz word i think mass tourism is to in today's world there are no masses anymore it's all about individuals but on a large scale these days it's not about massive holiday resorts and mass tourism. they may be less mass tourism now but that hasn't affected the overall numbers since one thousand nine hundred. the tourism industry is responsible for close to one tenth of global c o two emissions. people really need to travel all over the place. in a world with so much chaos and political discord and i think it's a good thing that people are travelling and taking an interest in other cultures other countries to get a firsthand impression. for shuffle. talking
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about traveling italy is a place i could go to every summer the climate food the people the languages music to my is actually a lot of germans do go there every year my extended family here does the german chancellor is a big fan and is a flourishing startup scene around seven thousand eight hundred of them have sprung up over the past few years mostly in milan although entrepreneurs complain about bureaucracy in getting their hands on capital thanks to the wildly italian banks they're also worried about developments in rome where a new government is set on increasing welfare spending despite high state did it time for some shopping therapy. so now i'm entering the store. material esposito develops virtual reality software for retailers his company is based in milan italy a country he says isn't up to speed in all respects you know immediately when you're talking about food facial and design is ok when you're talking about
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technology. is different esposito says the internet is too slow and the red tape too cumbersome and there are other problems as well. in the world bank's ease of doing business and dax italy ranks forty sixth behind romania it can also be a challenge to raise capital in italy maybe we don't have these and turpin are shipped cards out now and so if you want to do technology maybe you need the great investments and here the taxation is high and it's difficult to for them to raise findings and so maybe counters that are more profitable for them more easy than the that is the financial crisis took a heavy toll on italy's economy which is still struggling last year it posted one
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and a half percent growth far below the e.u. average the gap between rich and poor has grown. steadily now has a new euro skeptic government many are frustrated and feel the e.u. has forgotten them but there is one bright spot start ups especially in milan it's italy's financial and industrial capital and home to some four thousand five hundred startups milan is also the birthplace of one of europe's leading online wealth management firms money farm it was set up in two thousand and eleven. co-founder paolo got a funny raise twenty five million euros of venture capital though not all of it in italy. our ambition always been to become a european player so. when we started we started immediately but not of course the move to long was in some way needed for a series of elements or a lack of capital for instance. looking for capital to scale the combine it was.
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or was basically the only way of making it it was was so u.k. but gov honey says doing business in italy is no better than it used to be the previous government changed the country's labor laws to make it easier to set up innovative companies and he says milan is at the forefront. is becoming more a kind of an examples that the rest of us the least trying to just like copy and move in that direction so. i perceive me. as a more as a leader rather than called back by the overall situation. italy's economic future will also depend on which reforms the new government introduces its pledge to lower taxes raise welfare benefits and reduce the retirement age but there's little concrete help for young entrepreneurs and yet that's urgently needed around a third of young people in italy are unemployed. businessman mattio esposito
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believes in technology with a made in italy label. the system developed by esposito and his team of fifteen has made it to market even though conditions for start ups may not be optimal. they united states i can't. in twenty four hours when i can have a yes or nor in two days and here maybe i take weeks or months or so i see this gap . but i don't feel stuck at the here. i'm proud to be here. milan startups could send a signal to the rest of the country that it's still possible to achieve success in italy all you need is the right ideas to create new opportunities. and talking about new opportunities the video game industry is finally asking where all the women are the gap is shrinking game developers realizing close to half their customers are females plus it's
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a multi billion dollar business time to cash in on the craze is christina. muscle that more than one hundred billion dollars a year that's how much the video game industry is worth worldwide and then. the world of video games is a world made by man. i just thought of a musclebound of characters somewhat as this misled us but i guess it is in the roles that all male that one but the industry isn't stupid after all women and girls play to. put up with it as a rule of women feature either its victims and supporting roles or as villains but that's money so much always you've done to dress. the way it is desirable that does this it. is this thought in the games industry only one in
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five developers is a woman although that number is increasing every year so should women seek to change the stereotypes or create a parallel gaming world for women that i spoke. to maybe i talked to turkish games producer see my dream the founder of women in games turkey. how could we get more women into this industry new role models just say hey just i did it and you can make it you can take your discipline and make great games into the world and you can use your local culture and you can make a global impact why did you decide to work in the games industry i was started
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gaming like when i was five depressed up the person i was really really good gamer and after that the game boy to your knowledge do. things and of course my mom told me that i have to create it and because i'm like that's a good role model to my abroad so i after many years i graduated from business administration in his family in our city and i traveled almost charted countries when i came back to my brother was the fumes arik to. and you start to produce. cinema you start to produce movies but to me you weren't happy at all because our passion was in the gaming industry and that ok let's do the more beilby and let's do the let's take the cinema into the mob wild game you told us only twenty two percent of women are working in game so development what do you think what if it's seventy five percent of women were inside out really are ready to go of the storyboards for years gone dog me mad about me but as we are just really rating
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those days with the wii are not dating like before descent a five percent rating for to be killed in this industry because as you see that when you look at the games there used to be like hardcore games like the war or like fight neighing by its random woman was entering in this game there want to focus on the educational problems they want to use their games in the high school universities they want to like use their local costume for the global impact i believe they are impact is like a tremendous fluke it will be at two in one swoop in the future economy six years many gamers are sexist my learned and racist a big industry clearly has a problem women part of the solution i certainly think they can help but what do you think so again it's just games that's what i want to exaggerate the problem.
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remember prince of persia i wasn't five anymore.
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cut. cut. cut. cut cut. cut. cut. cut. fog. into the conflict zone with tim sebastian. afghanistan is fighting on many different fronts least days not just with the militants but also against human rights abuses and massive corruption from our guest this week here in london is abdullah abdullah his country's chief executive why is there so much disunity in what is supposed to be a unity government conflict so for the first thirty minutes most of the food.
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elephants need this. is a plastic bottle turned into a meeting stone why do algy make it clear. good idea can work where there aren't people developing smart solutions everywhere. mood. let's inspire each other to go in africa is even on t.w. . up today don't miss our highlights w. program online w dot com highlights. from crimes against humanity. civilians becoming witnesses.
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caught. their recorded images travel around the globe just social media. bodies for them to fiction and what is fact. digital investigators combing through the flood of images and they combine sources trying to reconstruct what happened and to substantiate claims of crimes first thanks to this video recording of a soldier who shot the young man is on trial now. forensics between bits and bytes good idea is a. tiny thing again. but in. this chance a because justice is about the truth. truth detectives starts june thirtieth on t.w.
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. place. this is you know we live for we're in the twenty twenty six. soccer world cup goes to. kind of mexico and usa have been selected by the feedback on. google's atlanta twenty six feet wake up thank you the foul words the tournaments of north america over a bid from morocco the announcement comes as world's.

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