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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  June 22, 2018 10:30pm-11:00pm CEST

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content teaching the next generation of us environmental protection. using the channels available to inspire people to take action and more determined to build something here for the next generation the idea is the environment series of global three thousand on d w and all mine. crunch time for chancellor angela merkel the german leader faces her european partners that a key migration summit this weekend but why is she playing down hopes of progress before it even begins can she bring europe together on migration policy with no less than her job on the line i'm so missile misconduct and this is the day. that. he doesn't give the sums on talking it's all about talking to those member states
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affected most by the problems of migration cleary small to start for a small garia italy and spain in. good thinking do you think there are good reasons to host refugees near their homes so how about . how did the permanent and only solution for syrian refugees is you may return to syria in a safe and orrible way the book could be the first to be a priority for the future to protect our rights to loads. of money believe we'll look at whether bind china or even multinational agreements can solve certain problems better to do so. also coming up on the day turkey's crucial election this sunday can anyone stop regift from tightening his grip on power. it out on when the necessary majority he will be
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an almost all powerful president but he is not there yet. but first germany's chancellor has downplayed hopes of a breakthrough in europe's migration crisis during a visit to lebanon americal described emergency talks with most but not all european countries planned for sunday as an initial xchange that would not yield a joint statement or any action that after italy's new populist government threatened not to come and some central european leaders held a meeting of their own it's a sign once again of just how divisive an issue migration is and how much is at stake. on the americal scene here in lebanon needs an international deal on migrants to quell a rebellion within her own conservative camp in germany her domestic opponents want germany to reject some refugees at its national borders malcolm favors a european solution but is dampening expectations. on talk on the brussels is just
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a working meeting there won't be a final declaration. given but we know as well that there won't be any solution among all twenty eight member states on the level of the council next week to the entire package of questions on migration. a good illustration of merkel's problem is italy which says it is overwhelms the country is rejecting migrants rescued by n.g.o.s from the mediterranean and says it won't take back any from germany either. for eastern european member states are boycotting the brussels meeting their leaders also don't think much of reimposed german borders within the e.u. . they were going to get around to. very thought of preventing illegal migrants from entering e.u. territory has to be done at the coast of europe or at the coast of libya not inside
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the schengen area which. otherwise the whole singing area would break up saying. that's a view shared by austria which is about to take over the use rotating presidency and with which germany could soon have a hard border again. but this is ridiculous i think it's important that we no longer primarily fight about the distribution of migrants within the european union . but instead focus on securing our outer borders together. but beyond beefing up the use external border security member states don't agree on much concerning migrants and even france merkel's closest european allies is warning that the bloc could potentially break apart over this issue.
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chief political editor of michele o'connor traveled with the chancellor on her trip to jordan and to lebanon she joins us in our studio now how under pressure did the chancellor see on this trip she's very good at being business as usual and she's very near routine but at the helm parent family for more than twelve years now almost. so from the outside it was all for us business as usual we even saw her. stick your tongue out at kids at a school where she was today but there is a sense also amongst advises people travelling there everybody is aware that this is indeed a very serious situation here in germany after or her own sister bharti those who should be in her own political camp are now threatening to basically blow up that union between these conservative parties and danger her as chancellor over that very issue of migration that has so become hallmarks policy we did hear her say on the strip that she's going to seek or aiming for rather by try or multilateral
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meetings rather than a europe wide deal how complicated is that going to be while she admits herself that she doesn't really know what exactly she can achieve in the big question is will it be enough to satisfy the c.s.u. now the signals we're getting here is that whatever she delivers is not going to be enough at the same time and we've heard that in manama cause it has never been shy of not just talking about a vision for europe but also that the european project could fail because if the eurozone that's too weak but also over this very issue of migration no matter wouldn't put it in such drastic words but she too is very much concerned. at best a start will be made and there will be is so force of her supporters within the european union because that's what it is visors are busy phoning those european capitals for sure none of those eastern states who are completely anti migration will it will appear around the table but there won't be any kind of concrete outcome in the terms that will be written down on paper that something that was
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that was important to italy as well but it will be a pretty disgusting round for that e.u. summit that's less than a week later and that then these this straight back into this particular crisis here in germany will it be enough and they'll be a lot of discussion here mongst her own political allies and foes within the camp of the machall c.d.u. c.s.u. now in lebanon she was asked about these so-called disembarkation centers these are centers in countries outside the e.u. were refugees can apply for asylum here's what she said about that. we think that there are also good reasons to accommodate refugees close to their home country as the prime minister has said and we see our role as being a reliable partner when it comes to financing most projects. is this a solution that could possibly emerge from this weekend's meeting but what to separate that common site from these in disembarkation centers because those are something that is reported to be on the table from the e.u. commission potentially and this is something that the united states actually also
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sees as the way to have refugees come legally to the u.s. they are kind of prescreen pre-selected by the un by the international office of migration then quotas are fulfilled for legal entry but at the same time what i'm going back i was referring to here more specifically was that she too agrees that migrants should be much closer to home they should have to come all the way to germany is really what she says and that's also why there are significant funds she prospects of one hundred million for jordan for instance in loans are sent from germany there to stabilize those countries so they are stable enough to cope with the influx of refugees and really there's no division between her critics on her migration policy and her in that all right our chief political editor michelle you know with us here in our studio thank you very much now as we mentioned chancellor merkel was visiting lebanon where a debate is raging over repatriation of syrian refugees lebanon hosts the greatest
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number of refugees in the world per capita one million nearly all of them are from neighboring syria but syrians are now accusing lebanese officials of trying to bully them into leaving. really isn't how bruce has been looking for safety since the beginning of the syrian war in the bombs you arrived five years ago here in swahili lebannon a tailor he found work at a clothing shop and rented a house. he began to settle down but now he says local officials are bullion him trying to force him out. and i want to live not the situation now in lebanon has become really bad for us refugees lebanon is pushing us to go back to syria we had to fill this application that we were asked of the area where we come from is now safe and we said it's not stable there
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they asked us if we want to go back i said no but they wrote down yes this could change everything her says it was difficult enough to find somewhere to live now he's scared of being evicted because of what he says is a lie well enough and i know that we cannot go back to syria we worry because some people went back and they were arrested so we cannot risk our lives by going back. approaches a similar fate if he goes back in two thousand and twelve he was detained and tortured under a drive by the assad regime to quell opposition i mean is a palace he ranks him a single man as a family unit official say he can't live with his mother and brother's family approach says this is just a pretext to throw him out and many others say they were evicted from their houses with no reason at all how bush feels like he's running out of options although
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levanon opened its doors to syrian refugees in the hour of need the relationship has been far from amicable difficulties in obtaining walk in residential permits have served to dissuade the syrians from settling in lebanon now the syrians fear new tactics are being used in a systematic way to push them out a human rights watch report says local authorities are using affections to force syrians to leave. this is really just the latest step that the government organise president the government have taken to make life more difficult for syrians and we found that in some cases syrians have actually decided to go back to syria as a result of his affections. dortch of allah contacted the ministry of refugees which admitted syrians were being targeted and illegally evicted the minister of interior responsible for such cases was unavailable for comment. so. says he feels he's trapped in
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a nightmare. and how will i go back of course i'm afraid. of shields he won't be safe in syria as long as bashar al assad is in power he wants to go to europe but doesn't think you'll get a visa for now he's forced to stay in lebanon even a fact means being evicted and ending up homeless. now german chancellor merkel says syria must be secure before any refugee is sent back and as far as she's concerned the time is not yet right that message from the chancellor comes as fighting has intensified again according to a war monitoring group. b.o.'s said to be from it live in syria's north the syrian observatory for human rights and britain says president bashar al assad's regime has stepped up stepped up airstrikes on rebel held areas the u.n. fears hundreds of thousands of civilians will be caught in the fighting that comes
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as questions remain over the syrian regime's alleged use of chemical weapons and russia's involvement in the seven year long conflict. still to come on the day a cold war blockade and a daring rescue operation to save a city remembering the berlin airlift. planes dropping essential supplies in west berlin up to thirteen thousand tons each day. i see this monument as a sign of the fight for freedom that's what it was. now turkey heads to the polls on sunday with the future of the country's political system at stake if the current president. wins he's promised to deliver sweeping constitutional changes to further strengthen the presidency and cement his power in a country which was once a parliamentary democracy there are challengers to his bid for reelection but everything points to another win for. what.
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president. has been steering the course of turkish politics for more than fifteen years. he has a good charted reelection which would allow him to further tighten his grip on power. after this presidential election the most controversial constitutional changes in a generation will come into force they were only narrowly backed by the turkish people in last year's referendum is out on when the necessary majority he will be in almost all powerful president but he is not there yet. these people stand in his way they are add ons biggest challenges. sixty one year old men all action as the only woman running for president she has already served as interior minister and last year she founded a new political party she's seen as right wing nationalists and religious some call
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action on the iran lady of turkey. what him into represents the center left c.h.p. takis biggest opposition party the fifty four year old is an outspoken defender of the text republic as envisioned by most of like a mulatto. he's a charismatic speaker and a harsh critic of add on. his turkey's. first presidential candidate to run from behind bars despite international protest he's been in custody for a year on the hoff on terrorism related charges. the pro kurdish a party despised by the turkish government many of those backing the forty five year old attorney all young voters. only three challenges want to limit the powers
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of the presidency and see a return to the parliamentary system they want to improve relations with your openly turkey out of its economic crisis is unlikely any of them will win a majority but if they manage to force add one into runoff elections it might end up a much tighter race for the seemingly opower for president. that report from. covering the elections from turkey's capital for us i yulia good to see you you've been talking to a lot of voters in the run up to these elections have you sensed a desire for change. oh yes there is definitely a desire for change and you can feel it when you talk to people on the streets at tea shops at the supermarkets offer ole miss out on and his justice and development party the a.k.p. have been in power for more than fifteen years now and now there are many people who say it's enough there is nothing in it for us anymore they say for example the
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economy is not doing well on employment is high youth unemployment for example stands at over twenty percent and additionally to that many people say that their freedoms are being limits at they don't want to be told anymore what they can watch online they want a free media landscape i talked to people here in ankara today let's have a listen to what they have to say. well you know everyone should be treated it's what we want but it's not happening in our country hopefully it'll change with. god i think i believe he'll bring justice and he's one of us. too much to do miss is our children have no jobs i'm retired but my pension isn't nearly enough. my hope this will change. what i mean joe try that harder my interest for my journey by new democracy secularism he said going on we have many common values and.
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so yulia we heard some voices there supporting will have to mention he's been described as a candidate who has the biggest chance of beating at a while a what is his message to voters. well actually he is using this feeling this desire for change to mobilize voters first of all he is a very good speaker and he can challenge missed out on that and he has the guts to openly criticize and this engine has a really really simple message he is telling people you are you have the choice between freedom and fear if you will for me you will for freedom if you work for mr adelman you will for fear be all that he is trying to give a deeply polarized society a vision for real if he cation a turkey is after all a deeply polarized society there are many conflicts here and he is trying to get people beyond the traditional base of his own party he is appealing to religious voters he is appealing to many kurdish voters as well so his message is if you will
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for me i'll be a president for all of you i'll be a president for all eighty million people in turkey with a country so polarized as you said yulia what is the most likely outcome of sunday's election one of the polls saying. well there are many polls but many of them are not reliable at all but there is one picture emerging here and this picture is that mr add one will most likely win the presidential race he is the favorite candidate off the roll maybe not in the first round but in the second round although the opposition is hoping to force him into the second round runoff where he will maybe run against mr engine as he's the most popular challenger and then the opposition has already agreed they would back mr injure or the remaining candidate against miss out on so there's still that hope and there is still the mood they missed out on after all is not invincible that's for the presidential level on the pallium entry level the polls suggest that mr allen might lose the
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majority in parliament his a.k. party and the alliance the electoral alliance he has might lose the majority and then he would face a pall yemen a very diverse parliament but since turkey is making a transformation from the parliamentary to a presidential system on sunday the big question is how much will a parliament here in turkey still have to say after this election or in yulia earlier this week you did report about turkish people who are concerned about possible election manipulation just briefly if you can how free and fair are these elections going to be. when many people say these elections have never been free or fair from the very beginning since eighty percent of the media according to reporters without borders are now owned by companies close to the government this vote is taking place under a state of emergency which basically limits the rights of assembly and gives police added powers so these are the circumstances which don't make this election
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a very free and fair one from the beginning to their views yulia han reporting for us from yulia thank you very much. and we have much more on what's at stake in turkey's elections on our website dot com also follow us on twitter for updates our handle there is at w. news. now it's one. it's one of the most iconic images of german history a picture showing excited children in west berlin cheering on u.s. and british planes which were affectionately known as candy bombers but they were in fact part of the first international crisis of the cold war after the second world war germany was divided into four zones american a french british and soviet in one thousand forty eight the capital berlin western allies united their zones there creating west berlin now the soviet union decided to block a west berlin closing all transport routes into that part of the city and to supply
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the population with essential goods the allies used three air corridors and thus the berlin airlift was born for more than a year planes drop goods into the besieged zones one plane arriving every three minutes delivering thousands of tons of food a coal and medication every day and sometimes even candy hence the name the candy bombers this week marks the seventieth anniversary of the blockade daniel bello met one berliner who was a child at the time but was from school still feuds attached to temple to fairport today seventy years ago he watched western allied aircraft land here to save west berlin. well i think of the past in connection with the airports i feel totally different i shall back in time and my heart and mind relive those hardships. planes no longer fly to and from this place but back then the airport was the hub of one of the most extraordinary rescue
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missions of all time the soviets blockaded west berlin in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight the people of the war torn city where on the verge of starvation west berliners and their mayor and slighter feared the worst. of it is. either is that. it came in last year's eve day she got either is why. i added. the western powers response was unique and alledged every few minutes planes dropped essential supplies in west berlin up to thirteen thousand tons each day. was just nine years old but he still remembers the airlift well berliners called the planes kendy bombers because the pilots dropped sweets from the sky and set off bombs. they dropped little parachutes for us kids the whole street was full of children
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running towards the falling parachutes. of course it was a big deal when one of the kids caught one we were thrilled it was chewing gum inside chocolate and of course hard candies. one shuttle picture is especially meaningful for funds go. and. whenever i look at this picture i look for my brother or for myself but back then we couldn't afford shoes we always went around barefoot. i can see you know children who are barefoot. the rescue operation came at a high price more than seventy u.s. and british airmen lost their lives in accidents today in monument sense and their honor a temple of airport. yeah. i see this monument as a sign of the fight for freedom that's what it was the americans fed millions of us
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west berliners and didn't abandon us to the russians. back then americans were seen as rescuers but today the u.s. is increasingly going its own way even so. still feels grateful for him the americans will always be friends. now the day is nearly done but as ever the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter either at news or at some ugly ass don't forget to use our hash tag the day and don't forget you can always get news on the go just download are out from google play or from the app store that will give you access to all the latest news from around the world as well as push notifications for any breaking news and you can also use the d.w. app to send us your photos and your videos. thanks for watching.
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the book reviews. movies. for. the been.
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me i. move. the fast pace of life on the british the lowdown on the web showing new developments and providing useful information. and interviews with the makers and users. should submit fifteen minutes to the back. an opposition stronghold. of a democratically minded turkey's the biggest city news media. the people are proud
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of their city's open minded and tolerant atmosphere and many other determined to defend turkey's column entry election but a broad alliance of parties is formed to challenge the government. in thirty minutes on t.w. . the clash of cultures in india. a clash between those who believe in a range marriage those who want to marry for love. the clash that shaking families and society to the core. the love commandos starts july eighth g.w. . crimes against humanity.
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civilians three come witness six of them on their recorder to changes travel around the globe just social media. but what is propaganda fiction and what is fact digital investigators comb through the flood of images they combine sources to try to reconstruct what happened and to substantiate claims of christ thanks to this video recording of the soldier who shot the young man is on trial now for forensics between bits and parts. you. believe. anything get. in. is a big chance because justice is about the truth. truth detectives starts june thirtieth on t.v. double.
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this is news live from berlin pessimism ahead of emergency talks on the migration crisis on the americal downplays expectations for sunday's meeting signaling she expects no breakthrough that could cost her at home or immigration hawks from her party are threatening to pull the rug from under her also coming up they don't need spec candidates challenging.

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