tv Doc Film - Germany 68 - A Year Like No Other Deutsche Welle June 28, 2018 7:15am-8:00am CEST
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sixty eight was an important year for this man students were protesting in west germany the time it. was. was and a pop singer honcho had his first became it was. a lot of the mood was explosive a lot of people were restless but i was ok opposite end of the spectrum from the moment. the song mama hit the charts on january fifteenth nine hundred sixty eight. on the same day thousands of students demonstrated in braman against a prize fight the tram tickets it led to the new year's first street battle between young people and police. was. a.
loud. germany sixty eight the start of the transition to a modern society and a year of stark cultural social and political contrasts as average germans enjoyed the music of pancetta students took to the streets with their demands for change last year heinz eamonn celebrated fifty years on stage with a christmas concert tila. was. fired at one thousand nine hundred sixty eight was his year i think kind she had for number one hits on the german charts or she hit back and my mother like all middle aged women of the time love time. she wished she could have a son like i'm sad for her and she is why and the music on had a zero. villain vic stan has always been a bit of a rebel nowadays he works as
a yoga teacher and fifty years ago it was the protesters not find who impressed and influenced him. for the not so often this is the one nine hundred sixty eight was a wild time device and i was thirteen years old then at that age you question everything people were saying to think for yourself think outside the box to stop behaving and being practical quite hard to let a thousand flowers bloom that's bloom boxen. as hunches music played on radio stations across with germany demonstrators held protests against the government coalition and demanded social reforms. you. hines humans grew up in many of poverty in the netherlands the student protests were completely foreign to me in. theory.
i was raised in a small town and people didn't talk much about all that money and when they did they clearly didn't like it much they didn't understand what was going on and they had no time for god and it's arguable. west germany was a prosperous country at the time. and. they lead a quiet life she likes to knit he enjoys handicrafts but still working. in the west german countryside there were few calls for radical change most residents of up of the various skeptical annamarie divisional later became a conservative m.p. in the state parliament but in one nine hundred sixty eight she wasn't terribly interested in politics me here. is a bit loose in we discussed politics at home. my father was a district government official and the local mayor as it was i thought politics was kind of a boring. week. anna maria was nineteen at the time and studying home economics at
school with germany's new emerging. general strikes street battles in france and the vietnam war were not on her list of top priorities but these issues was certainly important to a lot of other people. the body type talking so much that we started wearing buttons and badges that had a political message like i'm against the vietnam war people didn't join the big political parties but they didn't want to be part of the political structure they paid a sign and hit the streets and i thought it was a refreshing approach. efficient finish. not to screw up the sun and it seemed like those people were against everything but we worked and they protested and they went to university but they got all upset about things we started causing trouble. and we didn't understand it was this hope of getting interest on one father my father
was a coal miner we live a fairly quiet life we were isolated from all that you know some local residents would see young people sitting around and say if they had jobs they wouldn't come up with all these stupid ideas within. fifty years ago barbara cursed i would not have taken such comments kindly she was studying sociology at the time and was drawn to the protest movement many of the student demonstrators were concerned about the country's nazi past. when it had been allowed to my parents were not using ideologically at least i was always arguing with them about it and sometimes it got nasty that i get so mad i didn't read in the face but i do it anyway. divided sue up being. told we have to. do was attracted to the socialist german student union or s.d.s. a left wing opposition organization the group was especially upset about what he
considered the rigid structure of west germany universities. if you do it and i got it for you they would stand up during a lecture and interrupted as you'd be sitting there and someone from the s.d.s. would get up and start asking questions that would put a stop to the lecture they called it blasting and i thought it was great fun after . i was soon joined the s.d.s. she supported the organizations message but didn't care much for the messages. this includes and here they weren't classy guys who drove around in sports cars and they really didn't appeal to me as men as the have as much food here before they were rather scruffy. on the other hand they looked like intellectual
or most people's image of intellectuals they were smart and they were captivating speakers or at least that's what i thought at the time in other talk to give us a. pretty detailed was a prominent s.d.s. spokesman did she demanded radical changes in west german society. of. our countries undergone a process of restoration since that in forty five it is there but there has been no process of democratization in all sectors of our society. and that is why we can't speak of a democratic authoritarian state the fascism of the past does not exist today but it has crept into various institutions and continues to function there because the people who work in those institutions have been trained to blindly accept social reality of. accepting it as it is. the main thing was this anti third tarion
concept this movement opposed to thirty of any kind in family in courts of law in lecture on us between the sexes. that was basically the concept oppose authority . that included the authority of the police by. those who fail to comply will be subject to arrest and possible prosecution. was a police officer for more than forty years in one nine hundred sixty eight he drove around west berlin in a patrol car like this one. once more going to join the west berlin police force in one nine hundred sixty. back then it was a very respectable job one knows what it says or the newseum. it was. but in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight students saw the police as representatives of state authority and confronted them you know more and more not
often safety there were demonstrations almost every day in one nine hundred sixty eight you have to stand half of them were not peaceful therefore has the police reports show. you who. but i think this all started the year before in one nine hundred sixty seven for you on. things really started heating up on june second one thousand nine hundred sixty seven when the shah of iran visited west berlin before and nurtures he was there to throw to you when he shot was all born. i was one of the officers assigned to the shah's motorcade and those. who don't know. i was students protested against the shah's visit they said that iran was a dictatorship that allowed the use of torture in prisons the police responded with force to demonstrations that turned violent i one protester benaud on us or
was shot and killed by a police officer was one was our club that was a real shock shock i thought it was going to be open season on demonstrators and see it's deplane once all. the foreigners old's death was moving throughout west germany he became a master of the protest movement as it continued its campaign against state authority. little italo we have been subjected to police brutality as with its good and its future clashes with the police will be expected to intervene soon and perhaps even the military. we will have to respond in an appropriate way that's fielded unfocused loosen in the eye of the quad before. many young people rejected authority and they didn't want to fifteen in society throughout the western world
the winds of change was sweeping through politics fashion and music in britain some angry new bands were making exciting new zick. have been freezing up from grim and lived through here in london and photograph some of these bands like the who said the. prison it was amazed by what she found in britain especially the fashion design is. the catalyst others in london anything was possible and nobody got upset about this that some people were very conservative and some were really bizarre but they seemed to get along on this need by london things weren't changing in britain no it isn't but west germany still might be behind so i provided people with the fashions that haven't arrived here yet this is not new stuff. since you know i can debate
teak in bremen in nine hundred sixty seven. we knew we'd made the craziest clothes you could imagine for men and women as my father thought i'd lost my mind about it and that i could not possibly go out dressed like that thinking. skirts and trousers were becoming tighter and shorter deepening up a very aware and a marina be sure lived. this yeah it was well that was the start that we saw that right away. but we were more moderate than people were in the big cities we did things more slowly. so we might shorten all scots by santa. something that. i. can still remember how men would get excited because women were wearing
a short skirt even their own partners. are going for. i don't want to see anything like that really you know absolutely not. enough just cause i'm just people would come up to me on the street and call me a prostitute because i wore a short skirt and smoked cigarettes oh that's just wrong when you're twenty one things like that effect you think first you're shocked and then you decide to fight the package like they did to me not since as i guess is first. it was even easier to cause the scene in east germany in one nine hundred sixty eight in the town of show. me for example. western fashion and music managed to penetrate
the iron curtain for students got together and founded your group called the rolling stones club show. host we felt like we didn't fit in because we liked western music so much and we tried to express that in the way we dressed. shouldn't because some people applauded others just shook their heads up but. we attracted attention to ourselves in school but we didn't back down especially in civics class with others as we were all. he's together and made quite an impression on the local residents would. retain a vague not also like the steins the singer songwriter was just twenty years old in one nine hundred sixty eight best known song is kinda.
thing out. of my need a lot of flag and. the song can be seen as a protest against authoritarian oppression big not a mother of three grew up in a spin they might eat alone and like her parents she is a committed socialist big now and her parents became increasingly dissatisfied with the situation in east germany and started speaking in our. government needs our. own good body image i am cordless we weren't trapped in a communist system. we would like to have experience communism socialism would have been fine to. yeah but without censorship so that you could decide for yourself what you want to read and so forth on fascination. and they'd never trained as a librarian but she focused on her music and even sang until. the all that
. made. them in my time. the east german communist party ruled the country with an iron hand. made out to all great had been party leaders since nine hundred fifty. were going to vote in this totalitarian regime there was no freedom of expression or freedom of the press i don't buy that verged on one party control even extended to daycare centers and kindergartens. or disco groups it was pure indoctrination but i didn't get anything like that to her and i think what i did in kindergarten and later in school i was. there all sorts of slogans like we are the better german the there are no nazis here. is that that was
a lie. in the nazis but now you give are. the communist party had less influence in the town a ship is found near the czechoslovak border the catholic church saw to that. for the kids in the rolling stones club it was a mix of music and religious faith. but it was a little because our parents told us that the government lied all the time to make itself look good but the church gave us a place where we could experience truth we could talk to each other without being afraid those. who does tell you what the church stood for freedom of expression or use and also for western youth culture to. freedom of expression without. young people were rebelling against the political and social system that was then in place. times written. in the rule valley. was
a steelworker and in one nine hundred sixty eight heinz was a trainee at steel giant. working class young people were also fed up with our stuffy society we wanted new opportunities across the board people were demonstrating for change even though the cultural sectors. what i couldn't take part because i was working at a crop i was a trainee clerk saw it were a suit and tie. that's the way it was a group. to play. heinz began his training in the middle of a crisis in the steel industry there was less demand for coal in the one nine hundred sixty s. and west germany was producing too much steel tens of thousands of steel workers would soon lose their jobs including three thousand in bochum alone by december
nine hundred sixty seven written maya had had enough. and that's when they shut down a blast furnace and all the workers were crying like they'd just lost a loved one. the situation turned me overnight into a left wing radical and i didn't have to read karl marx to do it i'm not so i wanted to change the world and i wanted to keep those still jobs the company could not treat its workers like. there were strikes and protests nine hundred sixty eight saw an increase in tensions between the generations and between economic and social classes and. those tensions spilled out onto the streets. in january school students in bremen protested an increase in the process of trying
to cut so they occupied the city center for a week and blocked the tracks the police were ordered to crack down on the hot. students setup but if an increasing is fashion boutique before the demonstrations the phrasing of it was about more than money i. just think those fancy it was a matter of principle the students didn't like being patronized they said this can't go on we won't stand for it. i. i the protest was the success i bradman's mick canceled the fare increase. meanwhile students and trainees in bochum protested against fare increases pines richemont took part in the demonstrations. i just want to go into it was the
first time we've done anything like that liable are you talk to us that for two or three days and that it was over boy but it gave us new and such we had to deal with the police violence but we also learned that we could change that. was my home and change was in the air even in eastern europe gives him us but after all nine hundred sixty eight was also the year of the prague spring some people felt that things were about to change should notice what's the fuss for and it's too it's a trust alexander dubcek took over as the leader of czechoslovakia's communist party in january nineteenth sixty eight and soon tried to implement some cautious reforms people in other east bloc countries were paying close attention to the east of. elements. that look like. the third way and socialism with a human face while that was really something that people were excited about it just
like they welcome the new youth culture yeah look so it was great i don't feel off we hope that his reforms would spread through east germany or this and that they would take hold of me as well as the east german authorities put a stop to that in a hurry that was the end of our hopes but i'm not just the hopes of young people. you know it's zilch on today are tired of the thinking at the time among our parents and others was be careful guns as in a politician we could talk about politics among ourselves yes but they never would lock. your foot i think. that some west german students were more concerned about the situation in viet nam in february the s.d.s. organized an international conference on the war it was held at the instant nickel university leftists sought to condemn western imperialism in general and u.s. policy in viet nam in particular five thousand people packed the hold this time it
was professes we disrupted the event. because maybe we have just to what's going on here the conference is over i was a. day out followed a demonstration through the streets of west berlin led by rudy about fifteen thousand people took part to show solidarity with the communist find his in viet nam. police officer peter beats guy was on duty that day he couldn't quite figure out what the protesters were trying to achieve. through news congress normally who should reform at first they just wanted university reforms and. then they started getting. a little fun with lots of socialist and communist rhetoric for those. bits here as well as a core decision big money. for the people of west berlin didn't care much for that
was pretty and neither did i. miss being near the most west berlin and saw the us as their main defense against communism counter-demonstrators attacked the protest as they considered rudi ditch a troublemaker four days later more than one hundred thousand people gathered outside the town hall in the shine of the district to show their support for the united states and to express their opposition to the student demonstrators especially to check out my was. on a still weekend was shot in the head by an assailant reported to be an anti communist died years later from complications. tax. we knew there were going to be protests. there weren't sure if i was on duty for five straight days that's. the cost of the course we were where we saw the pictures of the students in west berlin links arms
the march tell you dr oz was. that. he built cycle the newspaper build whipped up sentiment against the student ok on the summer said this contributed to the attack on dutch data. built up because. this led to the easter riots demonstrators marched to the headquarters of the spring a company which published build some wanted to stop the delivery of newspapers others wanted to break into the building there were clashes with police a student and a press photographer were killed four hundred other people were injured rather for . it was tough for my wife to see all that violence and so far as
a bit about life finally got off duty at three in the morning on easter sunday. and i went home to change my clothes my underwear. student anger had been building up against the spring of publications for months there were calls for the government to take over the company that was. later mentioned we were being used but i didn't think much about it this slogan expropriate spring or today oh it's a big deal someone else will take over but we didn't think like that at the time there was no way that i wanted to see a communist takeover but i was right out there shouting communist slogans i guess we didn't have anything better we could say five. hundred news of the student protests spread to east germany the kids in the rolling stones club made tape
recordings of western radio stations mostly music but also news reports on the demonstrations they couldn't understand why the students were so angry when he spoke those of us when we couldn't figure out why people who had freedom would get so upset that i couldn't anyway i didn't find out what it all meant until much later the fish bit of that because i didn't look good. by thought leaders should come to east germany and study. as well my office on. this spring a company was not broken up and the newspaper continued to sell but demonstrators in munich stepped up their campaign. visit to five we went to the spring our headquarters in munich and to our great surprise we actually managed to get inside . you know as well what were we going to do now i had no idea and neither did anyone else see that it's not like you discussed it in advance i think we didn't put up a flag or anything but we did get inside as i was you volunteered. in
the end the protests against spring i didn't achieve very much. and the west german middle class seemed blissfully content. they watched peter alexander and class on t.v. and hunch to few realized that the country was descending into political and social chaos. back back i it was a year old i was too young to understand what was going on so i went to school and played football i figured if they want to demonstrate lot of. the villain vich them took a very different view of that he is
a fence otherwise he wouldn't have become a yoga teacher inventor and the victory card to the mobility of the spine indicates how well do you feel. there was more to nine hundred sixty eight than just confrontation. does it exists i believe the events of that year went well beyond politics. the messages of nine hundred sixty eight for me were go to san francisco and put some flowers in your hair and all you need is love all you need is love. residential communities usually consisting of perfect strangers well organized in big cities it was. an indication that society was becoming more open and commune served as an alternative to traditional family structures. that's why we if you
look at the same girl twice you were already part of the establishment in a commune she could sleep with anyone that was actually quite sexist the women didn't have that choice but all we didn't necessarily want to know. one guy told me that he hated that because he was in love with his wife oh but he was only there on tuesday but otherwise it was anything goes that just doesn't work that can reach and yet. still it was a popular phenomenon in rural communities young people withdrew from consumer based society and the conventional social framework. that's what i feel home expect from people experimented with different lifestyles some tried organic farming or meditation or political work or social work people tried out different structures but i don't know whether it worked for them got
a few votes if you could come. up with i mean while the s.d.s. continued to try to change west germany's political and social system. in many nine hundred sixty eight they took to the streets again to protest a series of emergency laws that gave increased powers to the police and military they also demonstrated against the grand coalition government of chancellor court keesing or i think. the more i hear this kind of screaming the more i realize how important it is can maintain order in our country. i the protests didn't achieve much but people in east germany were watching these events closely. zone. we did like to be able to demonstrate to you was not but everyone knew that we have been charged with unlawful assembly impacts off to jail. sort of fluid for eyes or the visor as
a whole we knew that we'd never be able to do it. but we still watch the protests with interest in it and with some substance and hope or toughening of what the homes as but the demonstrators in the west didn't care about us at all as a vietnam once yeah we cared about them. we watched on t.v. as they occupied their universities these was that. we actually dreamed about doing that. meanwhile the communist authorities were moving ahead with a massive renovation project at leipzig university volatile albrecht is said to have personally ordered the destruction of the historic change of simple on the university campus martin luther led the dedication ceremony at the church in fifteen forty five and yohann sebastian bach served there as a music director from seventeen twenty three to twenty five.
meanwhile some two hundred kilometers away in sugars filed or the four members of the rolling stones group were outraged. that. they found out from a clergyman that the church was to be destroyed the user with a local clergyman told us about it was over we knew right away that we had to do something so we decided to make some posters. we drew a silhouette of the church our church. then the question had they ever heard of the university church of like tickets for lunch and that it holds had already been bored in the walls for the explosive charges. then the main point to what allied bombers had failed to destroy was about to be obliterated by our own government yet what our church be next it was striking we wanted to get people's attention. as
well i got you. a small protest in a faraway town had no impact on the authorities in leipzig on may thirtieth one thousand nine hundred sixty eight the church of some pull was destroyed. back in sugar's filed a police question the four young men brothers mathias and andreas were publicly criticised at school and expelled. from local headmaster came in and all the other kids said we don't want that guy in our class. the headmaster said a few words and i left the room i was close to tears. and i played football and other sports with those guys of the but is not one of them stood up for me i guess
they were afraid of what might happen to them if they did so we had to change schools to spoil the new foods. it's also very worst humiliated right there in the classroom with them all. the important time in the aisle. and then we had to go to the auditorium fall i understood there are condemned those first slandering the east german states it is time now he said. that the same time in west germany the demonstrations against the emergency laws will reach their climax. students in frankfurt occupied the university campus and barbara starr was there. and help but it was just like the rector's office was located in the main building of the protesters broke down the front door it was made of glass. and after they
broke it down they ran inside it. thank. you for telling me i was there in fact i broke down the glass door to my i'm glad the statute of limitations has run out i broke down the door. i tore down a plaque made some sense through with through the glass. i the occupation continued for two days been the police moved. there were protests in and students and workers join. forces the students broke into the local office of the german confederation of trade unions the protesters said it was part of the authoritarian structure but for some work because the demonstration went too far. i could. not because someone
said oh my father's retirement files are in there stuff out the window so now he's not going to get his pension oh but we were fighting for issues that were important to us the workers didn't seem to understand that and that led to the split between them and. that. the emergency laws came into effect on june twenty eighth the protest movement was starting to lose momentum international events now took center stage. in all this to the soviet union supported by four other warsaw pact states invaded czechoslovakia this marks the end of the proxy spring and the hope of the phrase socialism. had just given birth to her first child she and her friends were horrified by the invasion and held protests against it.
for. some of my friends handed out leaflets and were arrested. and then i thought if someone else hands out the leaflets maybe my friends won't be held guilty. under someone who believed in socialist and i decided that i had to do something. the list of what must be. very rushed her own leaflets by hand and then distributed them. at the same time in czechoslovakia communist party chief alexander to check urged his people not to resist the warsaw pact invasion his support among the population was so great that the citizens engaged the occupation troops and political discussions and street fighting.
soviet leaders tried to get to change to roll back the reforms. matina vigneault was arrested convicted on charges of slandering the state and sentenced to a year in prison. or three additional doctor much to wish those in court the judge asked me whether like those about my child's future i said i had to do i did what i have to do for the child's sake and that this was a major political and moral decision for me. that what if my son at the age of twenty had asked me what did you do to resist then i could tell him. protests in west germany against the soviet invasion didn't attract much attention some radical german leftists even expressed support for the soviet union. to give you what you just d.s. was a unified movement for just a short period of time i had certain spot in to us the smaller groups more good for
both of these s.d.s. women's council as appeared in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight and took up the cause of women's rights part of it because that many s.d.s. members claimed that their male counterparts didn't take them seriously and also complained about gender discrimination within the organization activist helka sanda took action to help not only. our initial efforts to correct the situation failed so we've called. out of the s.d.s. and if started over an organization. in november one thousand nine hundred sixty eight the s.d.s. organized a big demonstration in west berlin to coincide with the trial of a protester who'd been arrested during the easter riots the demonstration soon turned violent the debate over whether it was appropriate to use violence created deep divisions within the student movement some activists favorite among radical approach these included some future members of the red army faction the guys for
sixty eight meant different things to different people the art and that is if the embassy there was absolutely no justification for the way that some people express their anger and other emotions of the elephant in the thirty fifth dicked military appeal wasn't a revolution as such but it did lead to some other form for a distortion of space where i learned that it's important to speak out of. his own . and find. fifty years after he first hit the charts his comeback album went straight into the german told. me flowers. was. a modern.
family to me. that was. entered the conflict zone confronting the powerful. as f.b.i. director james comey was always pretty well known but when donald trump five him last year exhausted his fourth trip to measure me this week he's my guest here in berlin where he's promoting a book even as he faces a new challenge using insubordination so what's the truth conflicts so folks thirty minutes spots v.w. . polo.
club the asylum dispute spell the end for chance in america the government of german chancellor angela merkel could fall apart but not because the enemies are getting stronger can she resolve the conflict with sister party c.s.u. and the discord within the e.u. hectic consultations are taking place in berlin on thursday nakul explain herself to parliament a deadline has been set for sunday national's end game this week on t.w. news. because. kate who do you think is going to be world champion. all the matches for all the scores of. the two thousand and eighteen soccer world cup on d w news.
this is d w news live from birth lead shock and soul searching in germany as the national team crashed out of the world cup in the group stage how did it all go so wrong for the reigning champions and where do they go from here we will have analysis from our soccer experts. also coming up a day of reckoning for angela merkel's migraine.