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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  July 13, 2018 12:02am-12:31am CEST

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day two of the nato summit u.s. president trump showed up late and triggered an emergency session it was then when drunk claims that he finally convinced european members to increase their defense spending by quote a lot of others say what went down was a shakedown trumps ultimatum show me the money or the u.s. may show nato the door and that was just over a breath. this is the day. i think that nato is much stronger now than it was two days ago and the united states . commitment to nato is very strong think that nato was not doing what they were supposed to be doing only five of twenty nine countries were making their
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commitment and that's now changed all that and i made it clear that we know germany has to do. and we have been doing moon for a long time. germany has agreed to do a lot better than they were doing we had a very good relationship with the americans some people ask themselves well you'll be tweeting differently once you board air force one thank you no that's other people that do that i don't i'm very consistent i'm a very stable genius. also coming up tonight a landmark ruling today from germany's highest court an answer to the question where will your facebook profile go after you die and seriously because team it's a somewhat different topic because i'm personally affected right now since someone i know died and the question came up what happens to their facebook account facebook. may be realized that he'd be deleted.
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a photo but it. oh we begin the day with the natives severe case of trump whiplash the nato summit lasted less than forty eight hours but that was enough time for the u.s. president to send the alliance into an unprecedented tell spin of uncertainty mr trump venting his anger at most nato members for not spending enough on defense and then mr trump declaring the alliance back on track thanks to his guiding hand or trump launch more attacks on germany than any other european country claiming that germany relies on russia for seventy percent of its energy at the same time expecting the u.s. and nato to offer protection from russia all that prompted the german foreign ministry today to tweet a response it reads to set the numbers straight in two thousand and seventeen only
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twenty four percent of germany's energy consumption was gas forty percent came from russia that means nine point six percent of russian gas in the overall consumption if we add oil from russia the total share is twenty three percent still far from seventy percent that's the fact we have more tonight from nato headquarters in brussels. nato secretary general may have the hammer but it's donald trump who set the agenda before the summit he repeated his demand to members of the alliance to spend more on defense after a special meeting at trump's request the u.s. president presented himself as the one who would gain the upper hand they have substantially up there. and we're very happy to have a very very powerful very very strong nato much stronger than it was two days ago has the u.s. president successfully put pressure on the others french president emmanuel
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mcconnell says trump has not threatened to withdraw from the alliance the german chancellor minced her words. if. i can only summarize the results a clear commitment from everyone to nato and in the light of the changing security conditions a willingness of every state involved to make its own contribution germany aims to boost defense spending levels to around one point five percent of g.d.p. by twenty twenty four whether this figure will rise further is unclear as if they're going by the discussion between many european allies here and not just the u.s. we must continue to ask how we can contribute further if need be dignified to trump is visiting britain then he heads to helsinki to meet russian president vladimir putin nato partners will be watching closely to see what unfolds. well i'm joined tonight by shell with the german marshall fund of the united states mr tensional is
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an author and foreign policy analyst who has worked at the german defense ministry as well as with nato he had a front row seat at the nato summit in brussels mr show it's good to have you back on the show maybe you can help us find some clarity truck declared victory today saying that everyone had agreed to his demands for spending four percent of g.d.p. on defense but that is not what we are hearing from other leaders what is the truth the truth is that of course four percent was not agreed at the summit what we have seen is a classic trump in a sense we have seen a president who has escalated the negotiations in the proceedings really of the summit on that second day today and in order to increase pressure on the other allies and threatening even to basically withdraw the united states from the alliance and there was this kind of zero gravity moment today at the summit for all those present that was you know
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a moment where everybody thought ok you know is this the kind of show that we've all expected is it ending but in reality what has been agreed as is as pretty much you know what everybody has agreed to already when you look at the communique the declaration the actual tangible outcome of the summit reaffirming the two percent spending goal from twenty fourteen and that is the official line of nato tonight truck maintains that more defense spending is necessary to make nato a fairer alliance and with that in mind of liking to take a listen to what german chancellor angela merkel said today about the reasons for increasing spending. only twenty thousand if we began making changes long ago we're doing this for our soldiers but also of course for the alliance we're also doing this in light of an altered security situation the need for it was made particularly clear by the attack on ukraine and the annexation of crimea. now
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there we see americal interim see very different things and you've written this detention i'll bet not since the one nine hundred seventy s. and eighty's is anyone got nato was wrong as donald truong was the missing. i think he's missing that a couple of things first of all the role of the united states and europe you know this is a strategic role this is a role that is good both for the u.s. and for the europeans it is a stabilizing force also in european politics and has been there since the one nine hundred fifty s. and he you know does not see the fragility of the of the political agreement of the brim of power in europe and how crucial his own country is to it and then of course the other thing that he doesn't see is that a strategic security guarantee and that is what article five of nato is and that is issued essentially by the americans as the strongest ally must come on conditionally it cannot be turned into a transactional kind of security carrot where you pay for protection because then
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it loses its credibility and this is something that not only the europeans the allies see that it's also something that you know will be seen in russia and which will be very closely and interestedly observed also in beijing you know this is something that matters that you know credibility and trust are the key currencies a such an alliance money is also important but these other two things reigns supreme and if you kind of ignore them you're doing to the damage to the alliance without even knowing it the u.s. president gives the impression that meeting at least the two percent go would be clearly in the interest of the united states but what about europe's interest especially after trump is no longer president. it is strongly in the european interest to do more and there is no excuse why european countries should not pay two percent we have to be very clear that you know two percent is actually when compared to the other options that europe has a fairly cheap way of guaranteeing security if for example the americans left you
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know and abandoned europe and withdrew the security guarantees two percent is not what europeans will be spending it will be far more so they need to consider what's in their own interest the bottom line here is that two percent defense spending is in europe's interest it is in the security interest of the europeans it's not that to do trump a favor even though donald trump has kind of frame that this way for his home audience and now the europeans have to make that bold step and actually explain to their audiences back home what is actually in their interest because the need for it given the strategic situation in europe is quite clearly though would you agree with me mr gelb that there's a subtext here would we be here truong you know lashing out or here's a brief demands and the subtext is that it is up to america to decide if europe is still worthy of a security umbrella. i mean i think there's a grain of truth in this of course but probably not in the way that he means it ultimately of course the u.s. security guarantee comes because washington makes a decision that it is in the u.s.
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interest to protect europe that has always been the case that's been the case since nato came into existence in one thousand nine hundred nine and so you know it's always america that kind of calls the shots and that is the biggest and most important player here the way that he means it of course as i can do whatever i want you guys you know you just have to basically swallow what i hand down to you and that is of course not the kind of rhetoric and the kind of attitude that you bring to an alliance and so you know what on the one hand is a political reality on the other hand needs very very you know tender of political attention and you know a very sophisticated diplomatic approach and the language that president trump chooses he destroys the kind of trust that is so central for any kind of military alliance especially nato i was struck with potential today that it was donald trump who still you know these improvements in spending he did that alone and you know i was wondering what happened in that room during that emergency session do you think
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that something like a i don't know some type of took place behind closed doors where he gave an ultimatum either you show was the money or we may show native the door. i think this is the way that he portrays that quite clearly what we heard on the sidelines of the summit as observers was that he threatened to you know basically go it alone as he phrased it if european partners and allies were not going to two percent by the end of the year and people were then you know in that in that emergency session that you're mentioning we're wondering and trying to find out what that actually meant spending actual spending by the end of the year or a spending plan by the end of the year because budgets for this year obviously are made everywhere so you know there was a feverish kind of attempt to interpret this correctly and find out what he actually meant and he saw this of course as the kind of situation he likes to be and i mean he is then at the center of attention everybody's kind of dealing with
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him and looking at him and then afterwards you know he basically went out and said you know everything's fine everything's all right i was victorious everybody is spending when in reality nothing much of the fundamentals has changed this is a curious situation and it is without any kind of precedent in nato history. with the german marshall fund of the united states joining us tonight from brussels mr tension was always we appreciate your insights thank you thank you very much. over from that summit in brussels the us president travelled on to what he called hot spot britain he arrives during what has already been a difficult week for prime minister theresa may two key members of her cabinet resigned over her handling of britain's exit from the european union. trump is adding fuel to the fire by weighing in on the issue or earlier this evening drunk shipped off his four day u.k. visit with a black tie at blenheim palace near the city of oxford and first lady were welcomed
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by theresa may. visit the two leaders are expected to talk about a bilateral trade deal police expect more than one hundred subprocess the country during the. visit. our let's check in with our correspondents barbara vigil she is outside the u.s. ambassador's residence in london that is where president trump is spending the night good evening to you barbara yeah it's certainly not a peaceful evening a hundred protests expected across the country the u.s. embassy advising americans in london to keep a low profile during the president's visit what kind of visit is this going to be. it is certainly one way a lot of grassroots groups have sprung up all over the country in order to show that they don't like trump's visit to the u.k. many people told me that they oppose his politics but they also say think that this
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is a particularly bad moment for him to come here people do not like him to meddle in british affairs and his remarks about very excited for instance some days ago didn't go down well it was large parts of the british public of course some extreme prejudice here tears falling that this was just the right support they wanted but many other people said this is a decision that we have to figure out for ourselves so there will be a protest the biggest will be tomorrow in the center of london and that will also be the trump of baby a big blimp tromp baby shape wearing diapers and showing an angry face to the world so that's supposedly the main attraction there is this doubtful whether trump will see much of this because the government and the police are really doing everything to keep him out of london and he has had a call from a to b. to c. so he his foot never touches the ground really other than for the state to know
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that he is still at that moment having mysteries of may and a lot of leaders of industry and you've been talking to a lot of the organizers of the. i mean it's like you say they're going to have. zero contact with the u.s. president you probably will not even see these protests so you're aware of this disconnect if you do they feel like they can make a difference if the president doesn't even know they were there. i don't know what the people really believe they can make a difference everybody knows they can change don't know but most people say we want to be one to give a sign that we against and we want to just show all protest in our opposition to his politics and many people mention the way he treats women if one guy i talked to said even the way he talks and treats i'm going to america that is really disgraceful so that went on fairly well in my own opinion because i thought ok
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somebody notice what he did nato but then part from that of course it's racism it's this whole and time migrant policy i mean it's pretty much everything trump is and does politically that people who go take to the streets here. we know. where he goes on this trip at least from nato to breaks it and prime minister theresa may she saying that her brakes it plan which was outlined in the new white paper that was released today she's saying that it is the breaks the british people want mr trump who's saying pretty much the opposite will they will they discuss. this she will talk about it because she already did during her dinner speech at blenheim palace just a little while ago and she obviously seems to have take
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a leaf out of trump's book because she said at this dinner that she wanted to tear down the very credit barrier is that had been put up by brussels over the years and sort of not to trade and trade freely was everybody and particularly the u.s. now. then she turns around and she's going to go to brussels and say we want to stay quite close to you and we want a lot of favors from you in order to have frictionless trade on the border and because our economy is going to tank on the other voice so as she really speaks it was a split tongue i mean this is a pretty similar to what trump does so maybe it's appropriate in this situation and she feels this is a way to get close to him but it's not going to go down well with the european union but apart from that of course this day when trent have been trumped landed in london was a very good day to bury the bricks and white book that was really appreciated a lot today grief. to people the former foreign minister boris johnson
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and the queen will he meet both. i don't know whether he will he will meet boris johnson he certainly called him his best friend before he left and johnson might try for it but he's not on the official protocol list of course and the queen we're quite sure that this is going to be the highlight off tromso visit here because that's what he really wanted to see the queen but she gives him the may the bare minimum that protocol allows she's going to have a cup of tea was him make a bit of small talk and we really hope that he knows how to behave and not touch the queen. when we all like to be a fly on the wall during that. our correspondent barbara visa on the story for us tonight in london barbara thank you.
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well where does your digital data go after you die today a german court handed down a landmark ruling elevating inheritance rights over private data protection the court ordered facebook to turn over the data which had belonged to a family's deceased daughter of the family had been in a legal battle for years claiming information in their daughter's facebook account could give clues to what caused her death. almost six years ago at teenage girl was run over by an underground train in berlin whether it was a suicide or a tragic accidental still unknown the parents say to try to get access to a facebook page to find out if the messages provided any clues although they have to loving code the site was blocked as facebook had already memory allies to account after facebook refused to grant them access the parents won a first case and twenty fifteen only for another court to overturn the ruling on
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the grounds that opening the account would compromise the privacy of to teenagers contacts and the latest verdict the federal cart ruled that the parents can inherit decoders facebook accounts. so we have an. analogue documents like diaries and personal letters are readily passed on us from an inheritance point of view there's no reason to treat digital content differently you taught. us to ponder. i'm still now a liar since activists advised people to make their own arrangements until such time that there was a final ruling katic i fundamentally advise people to take care of their estate one way to do that is by issuing a letter of authorization which can include how digital data is dealt with in case of death. not intent you designate someone you trust and ideally give them power of attorney. to form up to be given so it is important to take care of one stitch
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a legacy that not everyone is aware of that in the obviously so we're not going to know i haven't thought about what happens to it when i die. or photos are also digital inheritance i now print them off for my daughter and put them into a little money talks on the ends open as i will and it's really sort of us old enough to think about if you have to so not at all know. really just to make this somewhat difficult topic because i'm personally affected right now since someone i know died and the question came up what happens to their friends account. may be to. be deleted. never thought about it i don't know the federal court's decision quick now said the president for how jan the need deals with the due to legacy in the future. and i'm joined now here to be careful by digital journalist to get deeper into this topic
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and you know it's not one that people. think about very often what happens to my data after i die how did the court justify its verdict that inheritance rights. our supreme well justified his decision by saying the years of the parents they also inherit a particular contract that the daughter went into with facebook close with facebook and then the parents also inherit their duties and the rights that are part of this contract which is the messages so they treat every message that the daughter sent to was a was a minor. and to only open the facebook account by permission of her parents. as a part of her digital legacy just like a lot further other that are well know of this is just like if your your children were to pass away and you were to find a diary you have access to that it's the same thing rights of the very private that
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maybe you would otherwise never have seen is that what we're talking about yes and the previous court ruling in berlin ruled that prioritise the previously rights of the daughter over the right to know off of the parents but since the daughter also gives she was she was a minor and also a digital legacy is everything that is remains from you online now the parents have a way of crime to a way of getting more access into the act this decision it only applies here in germany right right what about other countries i mean how are they dealing with this well i think it is a landmark ruling from what i've seen and heard facebook has previously stated they have a worldwide policy of accounts and of the deceased and that is you can win once your life you can appoint a legacy contacts run so somebody that you appoint to can take over your account.
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some one other important topic around that is that facebook will turn your account into a so called memorial page one someone. and there can be a friend or family member or or even like a distant friend tells facebook it used to seize and so you could send for example a link to an obituary and then this account gets turned into mario page that no one else can walk into and what's facebook saying about this because if you think about social media being online what you see in social media is always the best people right it's always useful to people talk about don yes exactly i mean facebook also has to face this really important issue as not only western societies for example they ate but also facebook's user base is aging a lot and so facebook is turning into this big digital on leong graveyard and there
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will be a point in time when we have more accounts of deceased people then then people maybe and of course they have to be some kind of policies that are that give the user the best option what their life is fascinating and something we really don't think about but as you say we would be forced to think about it in the future theresa walker is always good talking with you thanks for your insights thank you. well the day is nearly done but as ever the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter either at e.w. news or you can write directly to me don't forget to use our hash tag the day i remember no matter what happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see the never.
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